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Premature ventricular contractions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188001/risk-factor-algorithm-used-to-predict-frequent-premature-ventricular-contraction-induced-cardiomyopathy
#1
Kyoung-Min Park, Sung Il Im, Seung-Jung Park, June Soo Kim, Young Keun On
BACKGROUND: Premature ventricular contraction (PVC) QRS duration (QRSd) and high PVCs burden are known as a risk factor of PVC-induced cardiomyopathy (CMP). The aim of this study is to find useful algorithm to predict PVC-induced CMP. METHODS: 180 patients (99 males, 51±14years) with frequent PVCs (>10%/24h), who underwent successful PVC ablation, were studied. Typical PVC-related symptoms were defined as the presence of palpitations or dropped beats during PVC...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182575/response-of-a-physiological-controller-for-ventricular-assist-devices-during-acute-patho-physiological-events-an-in-vitro-study
#2
Anastasios Petrou, Panagiotis Pergantis, Gregor Ochsner, Raffael Amacher, Thomas Krabatsch, Volkmar Falk, Mirko Meboldt, Marianne Schmid Daners
The current paper analyzes the performance of a physiological controller for turbodynamic ventricular assist devices (tVADs) during acute patho-physiological events. The numerical model of the human blood circulation implemented on our hybrid mock circulation was extended in order to simulate the Valsalva maneuver (VM) and premature ventricular contractions (PVCs). The performance of an end-diastolic volume (EDV)-based physiological controller for VADs, named preload responsive speed (PRS) controller was evaluated under VM and PVCs...
February 9, 2017: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180102/concomitant-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-cryoablation-during-pulmonary-valve-replacement-in-a-patient-with-tetralogy-of-fallot
#3
Hong Ju Shin, Seunghwan Song, Yu Rim Shin, Han Ki Park, Young Hwan Park
A 38-year-old female patient with a history of tetralogy of Fallot repair at 10 years of age underwent pulmonary valve replacement with a mechanical prosthesis, tricuspid annuloplasty, and right ventricular outflow tract cryoablation due to pulmonary regurgitation, tricuspid regurgitation, and multiple premature ventricular contractions with sustained ventricular tachycardia. After surgery, she had an uneventful postoperative course with arrhythmia monitoring. She was discharged without incident, and a follow-up Holter examination showed a decrease in the number of ventricular ectopic beats from 702 to 41...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174411/-primary-lung-cancer-associated-with-dilated-phase-of-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-report-of-a-case
#4
Takehiro Sakai, Takao Tsushima, Daisuke Kimura, Ryo Hatanaka, Masahiro Sawada, Yutaka Sato
A 66-year-old man diagnosed as dilated phase of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (D-HCM) was pointed out an abnormal shadow on routine chest radiography. The patient had past medical history of hypertension, congestive heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The computed tomography showed a 3.8 cm-sized tumor in the left lower lobe of the lung, and histopathological examination revealed squamous cell carcinoma (cT2aN0-1M0, cStage I B-II A). Cardiosonography showed diffuse hypokinesis from basal to mid area, and ejection fraction was 36...
February 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169055/corrigendum-to-reversal-of-left-ventricular-dysfunction-after-ablation-of-premature-ventricular-contractions-related-parameters-paradoxes-and-exceptions-to-the-rule-int-j-cardiol-222-2016-31-36
#5
Marie Sadron Blaye-Felice, David Hamon, Patrizio Pascale, Anne Rollin, Vanina Bongard, Alexandre Duparc, Pierre Mondoly, Nicolas Derval, Arnaud Denis, Christelle Cardin, Mélèze Hocini, Pierre Jaïs, Etienne Pruvot, Jurg Schlaepfer, Didier Carrié, Michel Galinier, Nicolas Lellouche, Michel Haïssaguerre, Philippe Maury
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160298/fluoroless-catheter-ablation-of-cardiac-arrhythmias-a-5-year-experience
#6
Mansour Razminia, M Cameron Willoughby, Hany Demo, Hesam Keshmiri, Theodore Wang, Oliver J D'Silva, Terry A Zheutlin, Hakeem Jibawi, Paul Okumale, Richard F Kehoe
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablations have been traditionally performed with the use of fluoroscopic guidance, which exposes the patient and staff to the inherent risks of radiation. We have developed techniques to eliminate the use of fluoroscopy during cardiac ablations and have been performing completely fluoroless catheter ablations on our patients for over 5 years. METHODS: We present a retrospective analysis of the safety, efficacy, and feasibility data from 500 consecutive patients who underwent nonfluoroscopic catheter ablation, targeting a total of 639 arrhythmias, including atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT), atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT), atrial tachycardia (AT), atrial fibrillation (AF), premature ventricular contractions (PVC), and ventricular tachycardia (VT)...
February 3, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113292/non-invasive-personalisation-of-a-cardiac-electrophysiology-model-from-body-surface-potential-mapping
#7
Sophie Giffard-Roisin, Thomas Jackson, Lauren Fovargue, Jack Lee, Herve Delingette, Reza Razavi, Nicholas Ayache, Maxime Sermesant
Modelling cardiac electrophysiology (EP) can help understand pathologies and predict the response to therapies. Moreover, estimating patient-specific parameters of the EP model is crucial to obtain personalised information. The novelty of this paper is to use non-invasive data (body surface potential mapping, BSPM) in order to personalise the main parameters of a cardiac EP model for predicting different pacing conditions. First, an efficient forward model is proposed, coupling the Mitchell- Schaeffer transmembrane potential model with a current dipole formulation...
November 16, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099609/premature-ventricular-contractions-associated-with-isotretinoin-use
#8
Sevil Alan, Betül Ünal, Aytül Yildirim
Isotretinoin has been considered a unique drug for acne treatment. However, it is associated with numerous adverse effects. Isotretinoin can trigger premature ventricular contractions. This report describes a 33-year-old-woman who presented with palpitations for 1 week while undergoing 1-month isotretinoin treatment for mild-moderate facial acne. An electrocardiogram and Holter monitoring showed premature ventricular contractions during isotretinoin (Roaccutane, Roche) treatment. Isotretinoin-related premature ventricular contractions were strongly suggested in this case due to the existence of documented premature ventricular contractions on electrocardiograms and the disappearance of these premature ventricular contractions two weeks after termination of the treatment To the authors' knowledge, there has been 1 reported case of premature ventricular contractions linked to isotretinoin use; this report describes a second such case...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061370/fine-particulate-air-pollution-and-premature-ventricular-contractions-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards-study
#9
Wesley T O'Neal, Elsayed Z Soliman, Jimmy T Efird, Virginia J Howard, George Howard, Leslie A McClure
BACKGROUND: It is unknown if higher levels of ambient particulate matter (PM) exposure increase the risk for premature ventricular contractions (PVC) in a population-based study of men and women, and if this relationship varies by race or sex. METHODS: We examined the association of PM <2.5µm in diameter (PM2.5) concentration with PVCs in 26,121 (mean age=64±9.3 years; 55% female; 41% black) participants from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study...
January 3, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058808/repeatability-of-ectopic-beats-from-48-hr-ambulatory-electrocardiography-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#10
Michelle L Meyer, Elsayed Z Soliman, Lisa M Wruck, Thomas H Mosley, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Anna K Poon, Eric A Whitsel, Alvaro Alonso, Gerardo Heiss, Laura R Loehr
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize the repeatability of ectopic beats, defined by premature atrial contractions (PACs) and premature ventricular contractions (PVCs), on ambulatory electrocardiogram (aECG) monitoring and evaluate the effect of length of aECG monitoring on the repeatability estimates. METHODS: This analysis includes 95 randomly selected participants from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC; 2011-2013). The participants wore a Holter monitor for two, 48-hr periods separated by a mean of 38 days following an identical, standardized protocol...
January 6, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032935/a-double-ventricular-response-through-dual-av-nodal-pathways-can-mimic-a-premature-ventricular-contraction
#11
Taihei Itoh, Takumi Yamada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028497/providing-an-efficient-algorithm-for-finding-r-peaks-in-ecg-signals-and-detecting-ventricular-abnormalities-with-morphological-features
#12
Mohammad Pooyan, Fateme Akhoondi
Ventricular arrhythmias are one of the most important causes of annual deaths in the world, which may lead to sudden cardiac deaths. Accurate and early diagnosis of ventricular arrhythmias in heart diseases is essential for preventing mortality in cardiac patients. Ventricular activity on the electrocardiogram (ECG) signal is in the interval from the beginning of QRS complex to T wave end. Variations in the ECG signal and its features may indicate heart condition of patients. The first step to extract features of ECG in time domain is finding R peaks...
October 2016: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026917/voltage-combined-with-pace-mapping-is-simple-and-effective-for-ablation-of-noninducible-premature-ventricular-contractions-originating-from-the-right-ventricular-outflow-tract
#13
Zefeng Wang, Heping Zhang, Hui Peng, Xuhua Shen, Zhijun Sun, Can Zhao, Ruiqing Dong, Huikuan Gao, Yongquan Wu
BACKGROUND: Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) can resist conventional mapping strategies. Studies regarding optimal mapping and ablation methods for patients with noninducible RVOT-PVCs are limited. We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and safety of a novel mapping strategy for these cases: voltage mapping combined with pace mapping. HYPOTHESIS: METHODS: We retrospectively included symptomatic patients (n = 148; 76 males; age, 44...
December 2016: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012210/elimination-of-ventricular-arrhythmia-in-catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-by-targeting-catecholamine-sensitive-area-a-dominant-subordinate-relationship-between-origin-sites-of-bidirectional-ventricular-premature-contractions
#14
Yasuhiro Shirai, Masahiko Goya, Seiko Ohno, Minoru Horie, Shozaburo Doi, Mitsuaki Isobe, Kenzo Hirao
We report on a patient diagnosed with CPVT who underwent catheter ablation of VPCs induced by epinephrine. VPCs were classified roughly into 3 types. Type 1 and Type 2 VPCs (RBBB configuration and inferior axis) were eliminated by radio frequency applications at the left aortic sinus of Valsalva and the anterolateral papillary muscle (APM), respectively. Although no spontaneous VPCs were seen after the elimination of Type 1 and 2 VPCs, pacing resulting in capture at the APM induced type 3 VPC (RBBB configuration and superior axis) reproducibly...
December 24, 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011827/localization-of-premature-ventricular-contractions-from-the-papillary-muscles-using-the-standard-12-lead-electrocardiogram-a-feasibility-study-using-a-novel-cardiac-isochrone-positioning-system
#15
Peter M van Dam, Noel G Boyle, Michael M Laks, Roderick Tung
AIMS: The precise localization of the site of origin of a premature ventricular contraction (PVC) prior to ablation can facilitate the planning and execution of the electrophysiological procedure. In clinical practice, the targeted ablation site is estimated from the standard 12-lead ECG. The accuracy of this qualitative estimation has limitations, particularly in the localization of PVCs originating from the papillary muscles. Clinical available electrocardiographic imaging (ECGi) techniques that incorporate patient-specific anatomy may improve the localization of these PVCs, but require body surface maps with greater specificity for the epicardium...
December 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980762/catheter-ablation-of-ventricular-ectopy-with-para-hisian-origin-importance-of-mapping-both-sides-of-the-interventricular-septum-and-understanding-when-to-stop-ablating
#16
Antonio Madaffari, Anett Große, Santi Raffa, Markus Frommhold, Agnes Fink, J Christoph Geller
Catheter ablation of para-Hisian premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) still represents a challenge and is a compromise between success and inadvertent AV block. We describe a possible strategy to address PVCs from this location with high-amplitude His-bundle potentials at the site of earliest activation.
December 2016: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909491/idiopathic-vpc-distribution-of-foci-and-tips-of-ablation
#17
REVIEW
Jose C Pachon M Md PhD, Tasso J Lobo Md, Enrique I Pachon M Md, Tomas G Santillana P Md, Carlos Tc Pachon Md, Juan C Pachon M Md, Remy N Albornoz V Md, Juan C Zerpa A Md, Felipe A Ortencio Md
Idiopathic Ventricular Premature Contraction (VPC) is currently more routinely referred for electrophysiology evaluation. Usually it carries a good prognosis but, when symptomatic or suspected to produce ventricular dysfunction, will require treatment. Nowadays, RF ablation has great advantages over antiarrhythmic drugs. Classically the outflow tract (right or left), with the typical inferior axis with left (eventually right) bundle brunch block like ECG morphology, is considered the most frequent site of origin for idiopathic VPC, but with the widespread of EP procedures and advancement of technology making possible to map and ablate difficult locations, it is possible to see a growing and changing population referred for idiopathic VPC ablation, displaying that, almost any region of the heart may be source of this kind of arrhythmia that can be successfully treated...
April 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906419/sch-79797-a-selective-par1-antagonist-protects-against-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-arrhythmias-in-the-rat-hearts
#18
O Y Mohamed, A A Al-Masri, E A El Eter, R Lateef
OBJECTIVE: Thrombin is implicated in the genesis of arrhythmias and activation of thrombin receptors exacerbated ventricular arrhythmias following coronary artery ligation. The present study was designed to investigate the possible protective effect of the protease-activated receptor-1 antagonist, SCH79797 against ischemia and reperfusion arrhythmias in the rat heart. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthy male Wistar rats (250-350 g) were anesthetized with urethane. Coronary artery ligation was performed for 5 minutes followed by 10 minutes reperfusion...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890733/differences-in-the-onset-mode-of-ventricular-tachyarrhythmia-between-patients-with-j-wave-in-anterior-leads-and-those-with-j-wave-in-inferolateral-leads
#19
Tsukasa Kamakura, Mitsuru Wada, Kohei Ishibashi, Yuko Y Inoue, Koji Miyamoto, Hideo Okamura, Satoshi Nagase, Takashi Noda, Takeshi Aiba, Satoshi Yasuda, Wataru Shimizu, Shiro Kamakura, Kengo Kusano
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiological mechanism of J wave in anterior leads (A-leads) and inferolateral leads (L-leads) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the onset mode and circadian distribution of ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VTA) episodes between patients with early repolarization syndrome (ERS) and Brugada syndrome (BrS). METHODS: The study enrolled 35 patients with ERS and 52 patients with type 1 BrS with spontaneous ventricular fibrillation who were divided into 4 groups: ERS(A+L) (n = 15), patients with ERS who had a non-type 1 Brugada pattern electrocardiogram in any A-leads (second to fourth intercostal spaces) in control and/or after drug provocation tests; ERS(L) (n = 20), patients with ERS with J wave only in L-leads; BrS(A) (n = 24), patients with BrS without J wave in L-leads; and BrS(A+L) (n = 28), patients with BrS with J wave in L-leads...
November 23, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884152/use-of-self-gated-radial-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-to-detect-and-classify-arrhythmias-atrial-fibrillation-and-premature-ventricular-contraction
#20
Eve Piekarski, Teodora Chitiboi, Rebecca Ramb, Li Feng, Leon Axel
BACKGROUND: Arrhythmia can significantly alter the image quality of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR); automatic detection and sorting of the most frequent types of arrhythmias during the CMR acquisition could potentially improve image quality. New CMR techniques, such as non-Cartesian CMR, can allow self-gating: from cardiac motion-related signal changes, we can detect cardiac cycles without an electrocardiogram. We can further use this data to obtain a surrogate for RR intervals (valley intervals: VV)...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
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