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Right heart catheterization

Gerry Coghlan, Matthias Wolf, Oliver Distler, Christopher P Denton, Martin Doelberg, Satenik Harutyunova, Alberto M Marra, Nicola Benjamin, Christine Fischer, Ekkehard Grünig
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and determining factors in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and a DLCO < 60% predicted. Methods: In this bicentric, prospective cohort study, patients with SSc were assessed at baseline and after 3 years clinically including right heart catheterization (RHC). Analysis of determining factors for development of PH was performed using univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: Ninety-six patients with mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) <25 mmHg at baseline were followed 2...
March 21, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Michele D'Alto, Yoshiki Motoji, Emanuele Romeo, Paola Argiento, Giovanni Maria Di Marco, Agostino Mattera Iacono, Antonello D'Andrea, Gaetano Rea, Paolo Golino, Robert Naeije
AIM: A fluid challenge with rapid saline infusion during right heart catheterization has been shown to be useful for the differential diagnosis between pre- and post-capillary pulmonary hypertension. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic relevance of fluid challenge-induced changes in pulmonary hemodynamics in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). METHODS: Overall, 118 PAH patients (mean age 57 ± 15 years, 80 female) underwent hemodynamic measurements before and after rapid saline infusion (7 mL/kg in 10 min) and were followed up for 19 ± 4 months...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Simone Frea, Paolo Centofanti, Stefano Pidello, Francesca Giordana, Virginia Bovolo, Andrea Baronetto, Beatrice Franco, Marco Matteo Cingolani, Matteo Attisani, Mara Morello, Serena Bergerone, Mauro Rinaldi, Fiorenzo Gaita
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to validate an echocardiographic protocol derived from 5 HeartWare left ventricular assist device (HVAD) patients for the noninvasive evaluation of right atrial pressure (RAP) and left atrial pressure (LAP) in HVAD patients. BACKGROUND: Echocardiography is an invaluable tool to optimize medical treatment and pump settings and also for troubleshooting residual heart failure. Little is known about the echocardiographic evaluation of hemodynamic status in HVAD patients...
March 9, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
Rebecca R Vanderpool, Melissa Saul, Mehdi Nouraie, Mark T Gladwin, Marc A Simon
Importance: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is highly prevalent, yet there are no specific therapies, possibly due to phenotypic heterogeneity. The development of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with HFpEF is considered a high-risk phenotype in need of targeted therapies, but there have been limited hemodynamic and outcomes data. Objective: To identify the hemodynamic characteristics and outcomes of PH-HFpEF. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cohort study of participants who had a right heart catheterization from January 2005 to September 2012 (median [interquartile range] follow-up time, 1578 [554-2513] days) were analyzed...
March 14, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
H Y Ruan, Y G Zhang, R Liu
Objective: To compare the acute hemodynamic effects of intravenous fasudil with different dosage on patients with congenital heart defects (CHD) and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Methods: Sixty patients (37±17 years old) with CHD and PAH were consecutively enrolled. All patients underwent heart catheterization. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: the regular dosage group and the large dosage group. At initiation and 30 min after intravenous fasudil(30 mg and 60 mg respectively), the following hemodynamic parameters were measured and calculated: right atrial pressure(RAP), pulmonary arterypressure(PAP) , systemic artery pressure (SAP), pulmonary capillary wedge pressure(PCWP) , pulmonary vascular resistance(PVR) and systemic vascular resistance( SVR), cardiac index (CI) and artery oxygen saturation (SaO(2))...
March 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Sophie Malekzadeh-Milani, Ali Houeijeh, Zakaria Jalal, Sébastien Hascoet, Mohamed Bakloul, Philippe Aldebert, Jean-François Piéchaud, François Heitz, Helene Bouvaist, Claire Dauphin, Patrice Guérin, Olivier Villemain, Jérome Petit, François Godart, Jean-Benoit Thambo, Younes Boudjemline
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) is a routine treatment for dysfunctional right ventricular outflow tract. Infective endocarditis (IE) is a major concern. AIM: To report French experience with the Melody™ valve (Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA). METHODS: All patients who underwent PPVI were recorded in a multicentre French national survey. Demographic and procedural data were collected from patients with IE...
March 9, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Benjamin J Currie, Chris Johns, Matthew Chin, Thanos Charalampopolous, Charlie A Elliot, Pankaj Garg, Smitha Rajaram, Catherine Hill, Jim W Wild, Robin A Condliffe, David G Kiely, Andy J Swift
BACKGROUND: Patients with pulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease (PH-LHD) have overlapping clinical features with pulmonary arterial hypertension making diagnosis reliant on right heart catheterization (RHC). This study aimed to investigate computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) derived cardiopulmonary structural metrics, in comparison to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the diagnosis of left heart disease in patients with suspected pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: Patients with suspected pulmonary hypertension who underwent CTPA, MRI and RHC were identified...
March 4, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Orçun Çiftci, Neslihan Arzu Akgün, Kerem Can Yılmaz, Emir Karaçağlar, Alp Aydınalp, Atilla Sezgin, I Haldun Müderrisoğlu, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Endomyocardial biopsy sampling is used to check acute rejection after cardiac transplant. However, it may lead to tricuspid valve injury and cardiac perforation; therefore, less invasive tools may be useful. Right heart catheterization provides valuable information about cardiac hemodynamics. Herein, we aimed to determine the correlation of right heart catheterization parameters with acute rejection and death during cardiac transplant follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated follow-up right heart catheterization and endomyocardial biopsy results from 47 adult patients who underwent cardiac transplant at Başkent University Faculty of Medicine between 2004 and 2016...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Stephen A McCullough, Michael A Fifer, Pouya Mohajer, Patricia A Lowry, Caitlin O'Callaghan Reen, Aaron L Baggish, Gus J Vlahakes, Yuichi J Shimada
BACKGROUND: The clinical characteristics associated with elevated right atrial pressure (RAP) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are unknown. Few data exist as to whether elevated RAP has prognostic implications in patients with HCM. This study investigated the clinical correlates and prognostic value of elevated RAP in HCM.Methods and Results:This retrospective cohort study was performed on 180 patients with HCM who underwent right heart catheterization between 1997 and 2014. Elevated RAP was defined as >8 mmHg...
March 9, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Renana Robinson, Jean Marc Weinstein, Carlos Cafri, Avital Avriel
Post-operative pulmonary complications in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery are mostly reversible. We report a patient who developed pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) post-CABG and did not have pulmonary hypertension prior to surgery. PAH Group 1 was diagnosed after right and left heart catheterization. To the best of our knowledge, this is the only reported case of a patient developing PAH post-CABG surgery. This could be explained by immunological and/or haemostatic changes triggered by cardiopulmonary bypass...
March 10, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
Nabham Rai, Swathi Veeroju, Yves Schymura, Wiebke Janssen, Astrid Wietelmann, Baktybek Kojonazarov, Norbert Weissmann, Johannes-Peter Stasch, Hossein Ardeschir Ghofrani, Werner Seeger, Ralph Theo Schermuly, Tatyana Novoyatleva
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disorder characterized by remodeling of the pulmonary vasculature and a rise in right ventricular (RV) afterload. The increased RV afterload leads to right ventricular failure (RVF) which is the reason for the high morbidity and mortality in PAH patients. The objective was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and antiremodeling potential of the phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor sildenafil and the soluble guanylate cyclase stimulator riociguat in a model of pressure overload RV hypertrophy induced by pulmonary artery banding (PAB)...
2018: BioMed Research International
Thomas S Zajonz, Michael Sander, Winfried Padberg, Andreas Hecker, Ruediger Hörbelt, Christian Koch, Emmanuel Schneck
Background: Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) poses a widely used and accepted treatment option for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis of gastrointestinal tumors. In contrast to the well-described risks and complications of intravenous cytostatic drugs, literature offers only scarce information of serious complications following HIPEC. To our knowledge no other description of rapid progressive pulmonary hypertension (PH) and consecutive respiratory failure following HIPEC have been described in current literature...
March 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Yu Horiuchi, Shuzou Tanimoto, Jiro Aoki, Nozomi Fuse, Kazuyuki Yahagi, Keita Koseki, Taishi Okuno, Hiroyoshi Nakajima, Kazuhiro Hara, Kengo Tanabe
BACKGROUND: Mismatch between right- and left-sided filling pressures is poorly understood in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively analyzed 170 patients with HFpEF (EF≥40%) who underwent right heart catheterization. Low match (right atrial pressure [RAP]<10mmHg and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure [PCWP]<10mmHg) was 76%, high match (RAP≥10mmHg and PCWP≥22mmHg) was 6.5%, high-R mismatch (RAP≥10mmHg and PCWP<22mmHg) was 12%, and high-L mismatch (RAP<10mmHg and PCWP≥22mmHg) was 5...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Yuanli Lei, Ming-Hua Zheng, Weijian Huang, Jie Zhang, Yingru Lu
RATIONALE: Circulatory failure, especially with low systemic vascular resistance (SVR), as observed in septic shock, thyrotoxicosis, and anemia, is a particular pattern that should suggest thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency. The clinical picture of wet beriberi secondary to thiamine deficiency only demonstrates non-specific clinical manifestations. For a diagnosis of wet beriberi, medical history is very important. Interestingly, imprisonment was also found to be related to thiamine deficiency...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hany M Elrakhawy, Mohamed A Alassal, Ayman M Shaalan, Ahmed A Awad, Sameh Sayed, Mohammad M Saffan
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction after pulmonary resection in the early postoperative period is documented by reduced RV ejection fraction and increased RV end-diastolic volume index. Supraventricular arrhythmia, particularly atrial fibrillation, is common after pulmonary resection. RV assessment can be done by non-invasive methods and/or invasive approaches such as right cardiac catheterization. Incorporation of a rapid response thermistor to pulmonary artery catheter permits continuous measurements of cardiac output, right ventricular ejection fraction, and right ventricular end-diastolic volume...
January 15, 2018: Heart Surgery Forum
Deborah Kim, Kyung Min Lee, Marc R Freiman, W Ryan Powell, Elizabeth S Klings, Seppo Rinne, Donald Miller, Adam J Rose, Renda Soylemez Wiener
RATIONALE: Care of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) is complex. While pulmonary vasodilators are effective for Group 1 PH, clinical guidelines and the Choosing Wisely Campaign recommend against routine use for Groups 2 and 3 PH (the most common types of PH) due to a lack of benefit, potential for harm, and high cost ($10,000-$13,000 per patient per year treated). Little is known about how these medications are used in practice. OBJECTIVE(S): To determine national patterns of phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitor (PDE5i) prescribing for PH in the Veterans Health Administration (VA)...
February 27, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Ruifeng Zhang, Guofeng Ma, Xiaoling Xu, Li Liang
BACKGROUND: Exposure to crystalline silica results in silicosis with initiation and progression of pulmonary fibrosis. The impaired lung parenchyma leads to pulmonary arterial hypertension and increased pressure in the right ventricle of the heart. Usually, the silicosis may be followed by enlargement of hilar lymphnodes, but silicosis-induced pulmonary artery stenosis with severe pulmonary hypertension is rare. Percutaneous pulmonary artery stenting and balloon angioplasty were performed to relieve stenosis and pulmonary hypertension...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Bin Q Yang, Tufik Assad, Jared O'Leary, Meng Xu, Stephen J Halliday, Reid W D'Amico, Eric Farber-Eger, Quinn Wells, Anna Hemnes, Evan Brittain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Pulmonary Circulation
Ravikanth Papani, Gulshan Sharma, Amitesh Agarwal, Sean J Callahan, Winston J Chan, Yong-Fang Kuo, Yun M Shim, Andrew D Mihalek, Alexander G Duarte
Administrative claims studies do not adequately distinguish pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) from other forms of pulmonary hypertension (PH). Our aim is to develop and validate a set of algorithms using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes and electronic medical records (EMR), to identify patients with PAH. From January 2012 to August 2015, the EMRs of patients with ICD-9-CM codes for PH with an outpatient visit at the University of Texas Medical Branch were reviewed...
April 2018: Pulmonary Circulation
Dimitra Lepida, Athanasios Papathanasiou, Eftychia Galiatsou, George Nakos, Ioannis Goudevenos, Vasilios Koulouras
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH), regardless of its aetiology, is associated with an impaired outcome in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of our study was to determine the incidence, the cause and impact of PH as detected by echocardiography in COPD patients. METHODS: Patients with confirmed COPD of any stage were evaluated by echocardiography for the likelihood of PH according to the proposed criteria. Patients with possible/likely to have PH underwent right heart catheterization, upon agreement, to confirm the presence, severity and cause of PH...
February 19, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
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