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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930952/prevalence-and-psychosocial-correlates-of-food-addiction-in-persons-with-obesity-seeking-weight-reduction
#1
Ariana M Chao, Jena A Shaw, Rebecca L Pearl, Naji Alamuddin, Christina M Hopkins, Zayna M Bakizada, Robert I Berkowitz, Thomas A Wadden
INTRODUCTION: Food addiction is a controversial concept. The potential influence of food addiction on patients' psychosocial functioning and well-being has not been well established. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between psychosocial functioning (depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life [HRQOL]) and food addiction as measured by the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS). We also explored whether food addiction contributed additional variance in explaining psychosocial functioning, beyond demographic and clinical factors (e...
November 23, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928853/early-response-to-treatment-in-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-a-diagnostic-test-accuracy-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Louise Kathrine Gregor, Gaia Albano, Angelo Marchica, Gianluca Lo Coco, Valentina Cardi, Janet Treasure
OBJECTIVE: Early response to eating disorders treatment is thought to predict a later favourable outcome. A systematic review of the literature and meta-analyses examined the robustness of this concept. METHOD: The criteria used across studies to define early response were summarised following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Diagnostic Test Accuracy methodology was used to estimate the size of the effect. RESULTS: Findings from 24 studies were synthesized and data from 14 studies were included in the meta-analysis...
December 7, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923254/-influence-of-attachment-style-on-the-outcome-of-bariatric-surgery-a-pilot-study
#3
Johanna Elisabeth Appel, Franziska Ift, Hermann Kißler, Christof Kloos, Thomas Lehmann, Bernhard Strauß, Katharina Wick
Background: Bariatric surgery can lower body weight and comorbidities. Different factors might influence the outcome of this treatment. This pilot study examines whether patients' attachment style can influence surgical outcome. Methods: The sample consisted of 32 patients (f=24; m=8; BMI preoperative=47,8 kg/m(2)±5,2; age=53±9,84) who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The following variables were assessed pre- and postoperatively via questionnaires: quality of life (BAROS), self esteem (SES), depression, anxiety, psychological distress (SCL-90R), feelings of hunger, cognitive control, irritated eating behaviour (FEV) and weight related variables (BMI, EWL%, EBL%, TBL)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923204/case-report-of-the-surgical-management-of-small-bowel-and-colonic-ischaemia-associated-with-anorexia-nervosa-binge-purge-subtype
#4
Ann T Foran, Cillian Clancy, Tom F Gorey
INTRODUCTION: Anorexia Nervosa affects up to 1% of the population and can present with binge/purge episodes. A paucity of literature exists regarding small bowel and colonic ischaemia relating to this common condition. We report our own experience and management of a patient with anorexia nervosa binge/purge subtype with small bowel and colon ischaemia and review existing cases in the literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 32year old female self-presented to the emergency department complaining of abdominal pain, abdominal distension and vomiting on a background history of binge/purge subtype eating disorder, following consumption of a large amount of carbohydrates...
August 25, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914629/cytoplasmic-fmr1-interacting-protein-2-is-a-major-genetic-factor-underlying-binge-eating
#5
Stacey L Kirkpatrick, Lisa R Goldberg, Neema Yazdani, R Keith Babbs, Jiayi Wu, Eric R Reed, David F Jenkins, Amanda F Bolgioni, Kelsey I Landaverde, Kimberly P Luttik, Karen S Mitchell, Vivek Kumar, W Evan Johnson, Megan K Mulligan, Pietro Cottone, Camron D Bryant
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders are lethal and heritable; however, the underlying genetic factors are unknown. Binge eating is a highly heritable trait associated with eating disorders that is comorbid with mood and substance use disorders. Therefore, understanding its genetic basis will inform therapeutic development that could improve several comorbid neuropsychiatric conditions. METHODS: We assessed binge eating in closely related C57BL/6 mouse substrains and in an F2 cross to identify quantitative trait loci associated with binge eating...
October 25, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913121/loss-of-control-eating-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-surgery
#6
Valentina Ivezaj, Erin E Kessler, Janet A Lydecker, Rachel D Barnes, Marney A White, Carlos M Grilo
BACKGROUND: Postoperative loss-of-control (LOC) eating is related to poorer weight loss outcomes after bariatric surgery, but little is known about LOC eating after sleeve gastrectomy surgery. OBJECTIVES: To examine LOC eating severity and weight loss after sleeve gastrectomy SETTING: University School of Medicine, United States METHODS: Participants were 71 individuals (84.5% female; n = 60) who underwent sleeve gastrectomy surgery within the previous 4 to 9 months and reported LOC eating at least once weekly during the previous 28 days...
October 1, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908844/quittr-the-design-of-a-video-game-to-support-smoking-cessation
#7
Ivan Bindoff, Kristy de Salas, Gregory Peterson, Tristan Ling, Ian Lewis, Lindsay Wells, Peter Gee, Stuart G Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Smoking is recognized as the largest, single, preventable cause of death and disease in the developed world. While the majority of smokers report wanting to quit, and many try each year, smokers find it difficult to maintain long-term abstinence. Behavioral support, such as education, advice, goal-setting, and encouragement, is known to be beneficial in improving the likelihood of succeeding in a quit attempt, but it remains difficult to effectively deliver this behavioral support and keep the patient engaged with the process for a sufficient duration...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905916/study-protocol-a-dose-escalating-phase-2-study-of-oral-lisdexamfetamine-in-adults-with-methamphetamine-dependence
#8
Nadine Ezard, Adrian Dunlop, Brendan Clifford, Raimondo Bruno, Andrew Carr, Alexandra Bissaker, Nicholas Lintzeris
BACKGROUND: The treatment of methamphetamine dependence is a continuing global health problem. Agonist type pharmacotherapies have been used successfully to treat opioid and nicotine dependence and are being studied for the treatment of methamphetamine dependence. One potential candidate is lisdexamfetamine, a pro-drug for dexamphetamine, which has a longer lasting therapeutic action with a lowered abuse potential. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety of lisdexamfetamine in this population at doses higher than those currently approved for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or binge eating disorder...
December 1, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899295/prevalence-and-correlates-of-binge-eating-disorder-related-features-in-the-community
#9
Linda Mustelin, Cynthia M Bulik, Jaakko Kaprio, Anna Keski-Rahkonen
Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with high levels of obesity and psychological suffering, but little is known about 1) the distribution of features of BED in the general population and 2) their consequences for weight development and psychological distress in young adulthood. We investigated the prevalence of features of BED and their association with body mass index (BMI) and psychological distress among men (n = 2423) and women (n = 2825) from the longitudinal community-based FinnTwin16 cohort (born 1975-1979)...
November 26, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894714/conceptualizing-and-studying-binge-and-loss-of-control-eating-in-bariatric-surgery-patients-time-for-a-paradigm-shift
#10
REVIEW
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Eva M Conceição, J Graham Thomas, James E Mitchell, Hollie A Raynor, Dale S Bond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893231/trajectories-of-higher-and-lower-order-dimensions-of-negative-and-positive-affect-relative-to-restrictive-eating-in-anorexia-nervosa
#11
Ann F Haynos, Kelly C Berg, Li Cao, Ross D Crosby, Jason M Lavender, Linsey M Utzinger, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Daniel Le Grange, Carol B Peterson, Scott J Crow
Despite robust support for the role of affect in the maintenance of binge eating and purging, the relationship between affect and restrictive eating remains poorly understood. To investigate the relationship between restrictive eating and affect, ecological momentary assessment data from 118 women with anorexia nervosa (AN) were used to examine trajectories of higher-order dimensions of negative affect (NA) and positive affect (PA), as well as lower-order dimensions of NA (Fear, Guilt) and PA (Joviality, Self-Assurance) relative to restrictive eating...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891104/hoarding-symptoms-are-not-exclusive-to-hoarders
#12
Caterina Novara, Gioia Bottesi, Stella Dorz, Ezio Sanavio
Hoarding disorder (HD) was originally conceptualized as a subcategory of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and numerous studies have in fact focused exclusively on investigating the comorbidity between OCD and HD. Hoarding behavior can nevertheless also be found in other clinical populations and in particular in patients with eating disorders (ED), anxiety disorders (AD), major depression (MD), and psychotic disorders (PD). The current study was carried out with the aim of investigating, using a validated instrument such as the Saving Inventory-Revised (SI-R), the presence of HD symptoms in patients diagnosed with ED, AD, MD, and PD...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889099/eating-disorders-in-the-context-of-preconception-care-fertility-specialists-knowledge-attitudes-and-clinical-practices
#13
Iolanda S Rodino, Susan M Byrne, Katherine A Sanders
OBJECTIVE(S): To gauge fertility specialists' knowledge, clinical practices, and training needs in regard to eating disorders. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: Fertility clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty Australian and New Zealand fertility specialists who were members of the Fertility Society of Australia. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES(S): Responses to an anonymously completed online questionnaire...
November 23, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884761/assessment-of-the-motivation-to-use-artificial-sweetener-among-individuals-with-an-eating-disorder
#14
Janet Schebendach, Diane A Klein, Laurel E S Mayer, Evelyn Attia, Michael J Devlin, Richard W Foltin, B Timothy Walsh
Eating disorders are associated with a range of abnormalities in eating behavior. Some individuals consume large amounts of non-caloric artificial sweeteners, suggesting abnormalities in appetitive responding. The current study aimed to quantify hedonic and motivating effects of artificial sweetener in individuals with and without an eating disorder. Two laboratory studies were conducted. Hedonic preference was estimated using the number of artificial sweetener packets (0-10) added to unsweetened cherry flavored Kool-Aid (study 1)...
November 21, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883997/cbt4bn-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-online-chat-and-face-to-face-group-therapy-for-bulimia-nervosa
#15
Stephanie C Zerwas, Hunna J Watson, Sara M Hofmeier, Michele D Levine, Robert M Hamer, Ross D Crosby, Cristin D Runfola, Christine M Peat, Jennifer R Shapiro, Benjamin Zimmer, Markus Moessner, Hans Kordy, Marsha D Marcus, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: Although cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) represents the first-line evidence-based psychotherapy for bulimia nervosa (BN), most individuals seeking treatment do not have access to this specialized intervention. We compared an Internet-based manualized version of CBT group therapy for BN conducted via a therapeutic chat group (CBT4BN) to the same treatment conducted via a traditional face-to-face group therapy (CBTF2F). METHOD: In a two-site, randomized, controlled noninferiority trial, we tested the hypothesis that CBT4BN would not be inferior to CBTF2F...
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882998/dopamine-and-opioid-neurotransmission-in-behavioral-addictions-a-comparative-pet-study-in-pathological-gambling-and-binge-eating
#16
Joonas Majuri, Juho Joutsa, Jarkko Johansson, Valerie Voon, Kati Alakurtti, Riitta Parkkola, Tuuli Lahti, Hannu Alho, Jussi Hirvonen, Eveliina Arponen, Sarita Forsback, Valtteri Kaasinen
Although behavioral addictions share many clinical features with drug addictions, they show strikingly large variation in their behavioral phenotypes (such as in uncontrollable gambling or eating). Neurotransmitter function in behavioral addictions is poorly understood but has important implications in understanding its relationship with substance use disorders and underlying mechanisms of therapeutic efficacy. Here, we compare opioid and dopamine function between two behavioral addiction phenotypes: pathological gambling (PG) and binge eating disorder (BED)...
November 24, 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875790/vaping-to-lose-weight-predictors-of-adult-e-cigarette-use-for-weight-loss-or-control
#17
Meghan E Morean, Amelia V Wedel
INTRODUCTION: Some traditional cigarette smokers are motivated to smoke to lose weight or control their weight. The current study evaluated whether a subset of adult e-cigarette users reported vaping to lose or control their weight and examined potential predictors of vaping for weight management. METHODS: Adult e-cigarette users (n=459) who reported wanting to lose weight or maintain their weight completed an anonymous online survey. Participants reported on demographics, vaping frequency, e-cigarette nicotine content, cigarette smoking status, preferred e-cigarette/e-liquid flavors, current weight status (i...
October 24, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871636/correlates-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-in-the-national-comorbidity-survey-adolescent-supplement-ncs-a
#18
Benjamin I Goldstein, Carlos Blanco, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Merikangas
OBJECTIVE: Despite substantial evidence on the prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity (OW/OB) in adults with bipolar disorder (BD), little is known about this topic in adolescents with BD. METHOD: The method consisted of the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent Supplement, a face-to-face survey of mental disorders from 2001 through 2004, using a modified version of the fully structured World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869566/gastrointestinal-comorbidities-which-complicate-the-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa
#19
Margherita Mascolo, Bashir Geer, Joshua Feuerstein, Philip S Mehler
Patients with anorexia nervosa often voice a multitude of symptoms in regards to their gastrointestinal tract. These complaints can complicate the treatment of their eating disorder as they distract attention from the important goal of weight restoration. Moreover, the restricting of certain food groups also makes the task of weight restoration substantially more difficult, or may result in binging. Therefore a working knowledge of common gastrointestinal comorbidities, such as celiac disease, irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, and gastroparesis, is useful when treating a patient who has anorexia nervosa...
November 21, 2016: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862641/association-between-oxytocin-receptor-genotype-maternal-care-and-eating-disorder-behaviours-in-a-community-sample-of-women
#20
Nadia Micali, Marta Crous-Bou, Janet Treasure, Elizabeth A Lawson
This study aimed to investigate associations between oxytocin receptor gene (OXT-R) polymorphisms (rs53576 and rs2254298), their interaction with maternal care (GxE), and ED behaviours in a community sample. We studied 3698 women from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) who participated in a two-phase prevalence study of lifetime ED and had genotype data. The GG rs53576 genotype was associated with binge eating and purging, and the rs2254298 AG/AA genotype with restrictive eating lifetime...
November 14, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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