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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100288/childhood-maltreatment-and-eating-disorder-pathology-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis
#1
M L Molendijk, H W Hoek, T D Brewerton, B M Elzinga
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses have established a high prevalence of childhood maltreatment (CM) in patients with eating disorders (EDs) relative to the general population. Whether the prevalence of CM in EDs is also high relative to that in other mental disorders has not yet been established through meta-analyses nor to what extent CM affects defining features of EDs, such as number of binge/purge episodes or age at onset. Our aim is to provide meta-analyses on the associations between exposure to CM (i...
January 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095885/symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-among-adult-eating-disorder-patients
#2
Nils Erik Svedlund, Claes Norring, Ylva Ginsberg, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin
BACKGROUND: Very little is known about the prevalence of ADHD symptoms in Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder and even less in other eating disorders. This knowledge gap is of clinical importance since stimulant treatment is proven effective in Binge Eating Disorder and discussed as a treatment possibility for Bulimia Nervosa. The objective of this study was to explore the prevalence and types of self-reported ADHD symptoms in an unselected group of eating disorder patients assessed in a specialized eating disorder clinic...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095833/lifetime-and-12-month-prevalence-of-eating-disorders-amongst-women-in-mid-life-a-population-based-study-of-diagnoses-and-risk-factors
#3
Nadia Micali, Maria G Martini, Jennifer J Thomas, Kamryn T Eddy, Radha Kothari, Ellie Russell, Cynthia M Bulik, Janet Treasure
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders (EDs) are common amongst women; however, no research has specifically investigated the lifetime/12-month prevalence of eating disorders amongst women in mid-life (i.e., fourth and fifth decade of life) and the relevant longitudinal risk factors. We aimed to investigate the lifetime and 12-month prevalence of EDs and lifetime health service use and to identify childhood, parenting, and personality risk factors. METHODS: This is a two-phase prevalence study, nested within an existing longitudinal community-based sample of women in mid-life...
January 17, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092189/life-adverse-experiences-in-relation-with-obesity-and-binge-eating-disorder-a-systematic-review
#4
Giovanni Luca Palmisano, Marco Innamorati, Johan Vanderlinden
Background and aims Several studies report a positive association between adverse life experiences and adult obesity. Despite the high comorbidity between binge eating disorder (BED) and obesity, few authors have studied the link between trauma and BED. In this review the association between exposure to adverse life experiences and a risk for the development of obesity and BED in adulthood is explored. Methods Based on a scientific literature review in Medline, PubMed and PsycInfo databases, the results of 70 studies (N = 306,583 participants) were evaluated including 53 studies on relationship between adverse life experiences and obesity, 7 studies on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in relation to obesity, and 10 studies on the association between adverse life experiences and BED...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089926/sensory-specific-satiety-is-intact-in-rats-made-obese-on-a-high-fat-high-sugar-choice-diet
#5
Kevin P Myers
Sensory-specific satiety (SSS) is the temporary decreased pleasantness of a recently eaten food, which inhibits further eating. Evidence is currently mixed whether SSS is weaker in obese people, and whether such difference precedes or follows from the obese state. Animal models allow testing whether diet-induced obesity causes SSS impairment. Female rats (n = 24) were randomly assigned to an obesogenic high-fat, high-sugar choice diet or chow-only control. Tests of SSS involved pre-feeding a single palatable, distinctively-flavored food (cheese- or cocoa-flavored) prior to free choice between both foods...
January 12, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089590/using-the-presurgical-psychological-evaluation-to-predict-5-year-weight-loss-outcomes-in-bariatric-surgery-patients
#6
Ryan J Marek, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Manfred H M van Dulmen, Kathleen Ashton, Leslie J Heinberg
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors contribute to poorer weight loss outcomes following bariatric surgery; however, findings on associations between preoperative psychiatric diagnoses, psychological testing, and weight loss are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: Examine associations between presurgical psychiatric diagnoses derived from a semi-structured clinical interview and test scores from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality-Inventory-2 - Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) and 5-year Body Mass Index (BMI) outcomes...
November 11, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078784/rumination-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder-and-obesity-associations-with-eating-disorder-psychopathology-and-weight-bias-internalization
#7
Shirley B Wang, Janet A Lydecker, Carlos M Grilo
Overvaluation of shape and weight in binge-eating disorder (BED) is associated with greater eating-disorder psychopathology and greater weight-bias internalization, which are-in turn-associated with poorer mental and physical health. Little is known, however, about the significance of other cognitive processes, such as rumination, in BED. This study examined rumination and overvaluation of shape/weight with eating-disorder psychopathology and weight-bias internalization among 237 treatment-seeking patients with BED and comorbid obesity...
January 12, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078092/severe-obesity-emotions-and-eating-habits-a-case-control-study
#8
M Koski, H Naukkarinen
BACKGROUND: Obesity has a multifaceted etiology that involves genetic, biological and behavioral factors, body growth, eating habits, energy expenditure and the function of adipose tissue. The present study aimed to expand upon knowledge about the relationships among obesity, emotions and eating habits in severely obese individuals using a case-control method. METHODS: The subject group consisted of 112 individuals (81 females and 31 males) receiving a permanent disability pension primarily for obesity...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077307/impulsivity-and-test-meal-intake-among-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#9
Robyn Sysko, Rachel Ojserkis, Janet Schebendach, Suzette M Evans, Tom Hildebrandt, B Timothy Walsh
Many patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) also meet criteria for a lifetime alcohol use disorder (AUD). In order to understand possible mechanisms contributing to the co-occurrence and perpetuation of these disorders, this study investigated the importance of impulsivity and test meal intake among patients with BN by comparing women with BN only (n = 18), BN and current/past AUDs (n = 13), and healthy controls (n = 12). All participants completed assessments of eating disorder symptoms, frequency of alcohol use, binge eating, and purging via questionnaires and semi-structured interviews over two sessions...
January 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064539/treating-the-binge-or-the-fat-body-representations-of-fatness-in-a-gold-standard-psychological-treatment-manual-for-binge-eating-disorder
#10
Amy Brown-Bowers, Ashley Ward, Nicole Cormier
This article reports the results of a Foucauldian-informed discourse analysis exploring representations of fatness embedded within an empirically based psychological treatment manual for binge eating disorder, a condition characterized by overvaluation of weight and shape. Analyses indicate that the manual prioritizes weight loss with relatively less emphasis placed on treating the diagnostic symptoms and underlying mechanisms of binge eating disorder. We raise critical concerns about these observations and link our findings to mainstream psychology's adoption of the medical framing of fatness as obesity within the "gold standard" approach to intervention...
January 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064111/modification-of-the-medical-exclusion-criterion-in-dsm-5-social-anxiety-disorder-comorbid-obesity-as-an-example
#11
Kristy L Dalrymple, Emily Walsh, Lia Rosenstein, Iwona Chelminski, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: The DSM 5 modified the medical exclusion criterion from DSM-IV, which now allows for a diagnosis of social anxiety disorder (SAD) to be given if the fears are related only to the medical condition (e.g., obesity) yet cause significant impairment or distress. METHODS: To examine this modification, the current study compared bariatric surgery candidates with DSM-IV SAD (n=135), modified SAD (clinically significant social fears related to obesity only; n=40), and no history of Axis I disorders (n=616) on variables related to pre-surgical problematic eating behaviors, body image dissatisfaction, functional impairment, and other characteristics related to bariatric surgery...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063947/food-and-drug-addictions-similarities-and-differences
#12
REVIEW
Peter J Rogers
This review examines the merits of 'food addiction' as an explanation of excessive eating (i.e., eating in excess of what is required to maintain a healthy body weight). It describes various apparent similarities in appetites for foods and drugs. For example, conditioned environmental cues can arouse food and drug-seeking behaviour, 'craving' is an experience reported to precede eating and drug taking, 'bingeing' is associated with both eating and drug use, and conditioned and unconditioned tolerance occurs to food and drug ingestion...
January 4, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053535/atypical-major-depressive-episode-as-initial-presentation-of-intracranial-germinoma-in-a-male-adolescent
#13
Yi-Ting Chen, Kuan-Pin Su, Jane Pei-Chen Chang
A 17-year-old adolescent boy presented with atypical major depressive episode (MDE) without specific focal neurological signs for 6 months. He had a diagnosis of intra-cranial germinoma, and the atypical MDE symptoms subsided after the operation. However, he had a relapse of atypical MDE 7 months after the first surgery. His mood and binge eating symptoms subsided, but intractable body weight gain only partially improved after treatment. When encountering manifestations of depression with atypical features, especially with binge eating symptoms in male children and adolescents, with early onset age, no family history, and prolonged depressive episodes, clinicians should consider not only mood disorders including bipolar spectrum disorders but also organic brain lesions such as intracranial germinoma...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050706/identifying-disordered-eating-behaviours-in-adolescents-how-do-parent-and-adolescent-reports-differ-by-sex-and-age
#14
Savani Bartholdy, Karina Allen, John Hodsoll, Owen G O'Daly, Iain C Campbell, Tobias Banaschewski, Arun L W Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Erin Burke Quinlan, Patricia J Conrod, Sylvane Desrivières, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Jürgen Gallinat, Hugh Garavan, Andreas Heinz, Bernd Ittermann, Jean-Luc Martinot, Eric Artiges, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Tomáš Paus, Luise Poustka, Michael N Smolka, Eva Mennigen, Henrik Walter, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Ulrike Schmidt
This study investigated the prevalence of disordered eating cognitions and behaviours across mid-adolescence in a large European sample, and explored the extent to which prevalence ratings were affected by informant (parent/adolescent), or the sex or age of the adolescent. The Development and Well-Being Assessment was completed by parent-adolescent dyads at age 14 (n = 2225) and again at age 16 (n = 1607) to explore the prevalence of 7 eating disorder symptoms (binge eating, purging, fear of weight gain, distress over shape/weight, avoidance of fattening foods, food restriction, and exercise for weight loss)...
January 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050186/reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-version-of-compulsive-eating-scale-ces-in-overweight-or-obese-women-and-its-relationship-with-some-body-composition-and-dietary-intake-variables
#15
Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Seyed Ali Keshavarz, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Saeed Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Payam Hosseinzadeh, Maryam Chamari, Zeinab Sari, Shahin Akhondzadeh
Objective: Compulsive or binge eating is a kind of disturbed eating behavior, which is mostly observed among dieting women, and is integrated with appetite disorder, and uncontrolled eating of plenty of junk food. The Compulsive Eating Scale (CES) created first by Kagan & Squires in 1984, is an eight-item self-reporting instrument that is made to measure the severity of binge eating disorder. The aim of this study was to provide the reliability and validity of the Persian version of Compulsive Eating Scale (CES) among overweight and obese women in Iran...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043857/identifying-eating-behavior-phenotypes-and-their-correlates-a-novel-direction-toward-improving-weight-management-interventions
#16
Sofia Bouhlal, Colleen M McBride, Niraj S Trivedi, Tanya Agurs-Collins, Susan Persky
Common reports of over-response to food cues, difficulties with calorie restriction, and difficulty adhering to dietary guidelines suggest that eating behaviors could be interrelated in ways that influence weight management efforts. The feasibility of identifying robust eating phenotypes (showing face, content, and criterion validity) was explored based on well-validated individual eating behavior assessments. Adults (n = 260; mean age 34 years) completed online questionnaires with measurements of nine eating behaviors including: appetite for palatable foods, binge eating, bitter taste sensitivity, disinhibition, food neophobia, pickiness and satiety responsiveness...
December 30, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040637/eating-disorder-symptoms-among-undergraduate-and-graduate-students-at-12-u-s-colleges-and-universities
#17
S K Lipson, K R Sonneville
OBJECTIVES: We sought to estimate the prevalence of eating disorder symptoms in a large sample of U.S. college students and variations therein across student characteristics. METHODS: Participants were 9713 students from 12 colleges and universities participating in the Healthy Bodies Study. We used gender-stratified logistic regression to estimate bivariate correlates of elevated eating disorder symptoms, past-month objective binge eating, and past-month compensatory behaviors across student characteristics including age, degree-level, sexual orientation, race/ethnicity, first-generation status, citizenship, academic and extracurricular characteristics, and weight status...
December 21, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039879/prevalence-of-binge-and-loss-of-control-eating-among-children-and-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-an-exploratory-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Jinbo He, Zhihui Cai, Xitao Fan
OBJECTIVE: Due to the inconsistency of the research findings in the current literature, the prevalence of binge and loss of control (LOC) eating among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity remains unclear. By using the meta-analytic approach, this article aimed at exploring the prevalence of binge/LOC eating among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity, and at identifying potential moderators, which may have contributed to the heterogeneity of the existing research findings...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038437/internalization-of-appearance-ideals-mediates-the-relationship-between-appearance-related-pressures-from-peers-and-emotional-eating-among-adolescent-boys-and-girls
#19
Katherine A Thompson, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Sheila M Brady, Amber B Courville, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski, Lauren B Shomaker
Appearance-related pressures have been associated with binge eating in previous studies. Yet, it is unclear if these pressures are associated with emotional eating or if specific sources of pressure are differentially associated with emotional eating. We studied the associations between multiple sources of appearance-related pressures, including pressure to be thin and pressure to increase muscularity, and emotional eating in 300 adolescents (Mage=15.3, SD=1.4, 60% female). Controlling for age, race, puberty, body mass index (BMI) z-score, and sex, both pressure to be thin and pressure to be more muscular from same-sex peers were positively associated with emotional eating in response to feeling angry/frustrated and unsettled (ps<0...
December 22, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032373/meaningful-memory-in-acute-anorexia-nervosa-patients-comparing-recall-learning-and-recognition-of-semantically-related-and-semantically-unrelated-word-stimuli
#20
Valentin Terhoeven, Ursula Kallen, Katrin Ingenerf, Steffen Aschenbrenner, Matthias Weisbrod, Wolfgang Herzog, Timo Brockmeyer, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Christoph Nikendei
OBJECTIVE: It is unclear whether observed memory impairment in anorexia nervosa (AN) depends on the semantic structure (categorized words) of material to be encoded. We aimed to investigate the processing of semantically related information in AN. METHOD: Memory performance was assessed in a recall, learning, and recognition test in 27 adult women with AN (19 restricting, 8 binge-eating/purging subtype; average disease duration: 9.32 years) and 30 healthy controls using an extended version of the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, applying semantically related and unrelated word stimuli...
December 29, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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