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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918581/concurrent-improvement-in-both-binge-eating-and-depressive-symptoms-with-naltrexone-bupropion-therapy-in-overweight-or-obese-subjects-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-an-open-label-uncontrolled-study
#1
Anna I Guerdjikova, Brandon Walsh, Kevin Shan, Amy E Halseth, Eduardo Dunayevich, Susan L McElroy
INTRODUCTION: Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with obesity and major depressive disorder (MDD). Naltrexone extended-release (ER)/bupropion ER (NB) is approved as an adjunct to diet and physical activity for chronic weight management. In a prospectively designed 24-week open-label, single-arm, single-site trial of 25 women with MDD and overweight/obesity, NB reduced weight and depressive symptoms. METHODS: This post hoc analysis investigated the relationship between change in self-reported binge eating behavior (evaluated with the Binge Eating Scale [BES]) and changes in weight, control of eating, and depressive symptoms...
September 16, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913713/ethnic-groups-differ-in-how-poor-self-rated-mental-health-reflects-psychiatric-disorders
#2
Shervin Assari
AIM: This study aimed to explore cross-ethnic variation in the pattern of the associations between psychiatric disorders and self-rated mental health (SRMH) in the USA. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003, a national household probability sample. The study enrolled 18,237 individuals who were either Non-Hispanic White (n = 7587), African American (n = 4746), Mexican (n = 1442), Cuban (n = 577), Puerto Rican (n = 495), Other Hispanic (n = 1106), Vietnamese (n = 520), Filipino (n = 508), Chinese (n = 600) or Other Asian (n = 656)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910177/development-and-validation-of-a-brief-measure-of-eating-compulsivity-mec
#3
Ria Schroder, John Douglas Sellman, Simon Adamson
Food addiction is increasingly being recognised as a contributory factor in overweight and obesity. Management of eating compulsivity, a key component of food addiction, may assist greatly in the successful treatment of obesity. Measurement of food addiction and its core characteristic of eating compulsivity is fundamental to increasing understandings of the concept of food addiction, its prevalence among people with and without obesity and its utility within a treatment context. The current study describes the development and initial validation of a brief measure of eating compulsivity that can be used within clinical and research settings to establish a person's level of eating compulsivity...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905482/energy-drink-consumption-among-new-zealand-adolescents-associations-with-mental-health-health-risk-behaviours-and-body-size
#4
Jennifer Utter, Simon Denny, Tasileta Teevale, Janie Sheridan
AIM: With the increase in popularity of energy drinks come multiple concerns about the associated health indicators of young people. The current study aims to describe the frequency of consumption of energy drinks in a nationally representative sample of adolescents and to explore the relationship between energy drink consumption and health risk behaviours, body size and mental health. METHODS: Data were collected as part of Youth'12, a nationally representative survey of high school students in New Zealand (2012)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901678/improving-inhibitory-control-abilities-impulse-a-promising-approach-to-treat-impulsive-eating
#5
Hanna Preuss, Marlies Pinnow, Katja Schnicker, Tanja Legenbauer
Although there is preliminary evidence that inhibitory control training improves impulsive eating, less is known about the effects on eating behaviour and weight loss in clinical samples. Sixty-nine treatment-seeking adults with obesity (binge-eating disorder 33.3%; other specific feeding and eating disorders 40.6%) were randomly blockwise allocated to ImpulsE, an intervention to improve inhibitory control and emotion regulation abilities or a guideline-appropriate cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-based treatment as usual...
September 13, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895569/the-effects-of-the-monoamine-stabilizer-osu6162-on-binge-like-eating-and-cue-controlled-food-seeking-behavior-in-rats
#6
K Feltmann, C Giuliano, B J Everitt, P Steensland, J Alsiö
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurring episodes of excessive consumption of palatable food and an increased sensitivity to food cues. Patients with BED display an addiction-like symptomatology and the dopamine system might be a potential treatment target. The clinically safe monoamine stabilizer (-)-OSU6162 (OSU6162) restores dopaminergic dysfunction in long-term alcohol drinking rats and shows promise as a novel treatment for alcohol use disorder. Here, the effects of OSU6162 on consummatory (binge-like eating) and appetitive (cue-controlled seeking) behavior motivated by chocolate-flavored sucrose pellets were evaluated in non-food-restricted male Lister Hooded rats...
September 12, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890226/the-impact-of-early-shame-memories-in-binge-eating-disorder-the-mediator-effect-of-current-body-image-shame-and-cognitive-fusion
#7
Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
This study examined the phenomenology of shame experiences from childhood and adolescence in a sample of women with Binge Eating Disorder. Moreover, a path analysis was investigated testing whether the association between shame-related memories which are traumatic and central to identity, and binge eating symptoms' severity, is mediated by current external shame, body image shame and body image cognitive fusion. Participants in this study were 114 patients, who were assessed through the Eating Disorder Examination and the Shame Experiences Interview, and through self-report measures of external shame, body image shame, body image cognitive fusion and binge eating symptoms...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874196/eating-behavior-and-psychological-profile-associations-between-daughters-with-distinct-eating-disorders-and-their-mothers
#8
Verónica Vázquez-Velázquez, Martha Kaufer-Horwitz, Juan Pablo Méndez, Eduardo García-García, Lucy María Reidl-Martínez
BACKGROUND: Associations of eating behaviors and psychological profile between mothers and daughters with eating disorders exist, but it is important to dissect the influence of the mother in each specific disorder since all eating disorders must be seen or treated not as one entity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of eating behavior and psychological profile between mothers and daughters with different eating disorders and a control group. METHODS: The study group included young girls with anorexia nervosa (AN, n = 30), bulimia nervosa (BN, n = 30), binge eating disorder (BED, n = 19), and a control group of women (Non-ED, n = 54) together with their mothers...
September 6, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865370/the-relative-influence-of-individual-risk-factors-for-attempted-suicide-in-patients-with-bipolar-i-versus-bipolar-ii-disorder
#9
William V Bobo, Peter J Na, Jennifer R Geske, Susan L McElroy, Mark A Frye, Joanna M Biernacka
OBJECTIVES: To compare the relative influence (RI) of individual predictors for lifetime attempted suicide between adults with bipolar I (BDBD-I) and bipolar II disorder (BDBD-II). METHODS: We conducted an analysis of data from 1465 enrollees in the Mayo Clinic Bipolar Disorder Biobank. Demographic and clinical variables and history of attempted suicide were ascertained using standardized questionnaires. Height and weight were assessed to determine body mass index (BMI); obesity was defined as BMI ≥30kg/m(2)...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865369/binge-eating-behaviours-in-bipolar-disorders
#10
Hortense Boulanger, Sarah Tebeka, Chloé Girod, Célia Lloret-Linares, Julie Meheust, Jan Scott, Sébastien Guillaume, Philippe Courtet, Frank Bellivier, Marine Delavest
BACKGROUND: Recent research, especially from the USA, suggests that comorbid binge eating (BE) behaviour and BE disorder are frequent in individuals with Bipolar Disorder (BD). Although basic clinical associations between BD and BE have been investigated, less is known about psychological or temperamental dimensions and qualitative aspects of eating habits. In a French cohort of patients with BD, we investigated the prevalence of BE behaviour and any associations with illness characteristics, anxiety, impulsivity, emotional regulation and eating habits...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857236/the-impact-of-dsm-5-on-the-diagnosis-and-severity-indicator-of-eating-disorders-in-a-treatment-seeking-sample
#11
Yoshikatsu Nakai, Kazuko Nin, Shun'ichi Noma, Satoshi Teramukai, Kei Fujikawa, Stephen A Wonderlich
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of the DSM-5 on the diagnoses and severity indicators of eating disorders, we conducted a comparative study on the classification of eating disorders including subtypes of anorexia nervosa (AN) between the DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria. In addition, we studied the association of the DSM-5 severity criteria and clinical variables. METHOD: Participants were 304 outpatients, aged 16-45 years, with eating disorders, diagnosed using semi-structured clinical interviews and the eating disorder examination questionnaire (EDE-Q)...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856699/gender-differences-in-disordered-eating-behaviors-and-body-dissatisfaction-among-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-results-from-diabetes-miles-youth-australia
#12
E Araia, Christel Hendrieckx, Timothy Skinner, Frans Pouwer, Jane Speight, Ross M King
OBJECTIVE: To examine gender differences in disordered eating behaviors (DEB) and body dissatisfaction in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. While evidence shows that female youth with type 1 diabetes are more prone to DEB compared to their peers without diabetes, little is known about male adolescents. METHOD: In a national online survey, adolescents (13-19 years) with type 1 diabetes for ≥1 year completed the Diabetes Eating Problem Survey-Revised (DEPS-R), and the Body Mass Index Silhouette Matching Test (BMI-SMT) and items on binge eating and insulin omission...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853004/sex-specific-issues-in-eating-disorders-a-clinical-and-psychopathological-investigation
#13
Stefano Valente, Giulia Di Girolamo, Martina Forlani, Anna Biondini, Paolo Scudellari, Diana De Ronchi, Anna Rita Atti
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the characteristics of eating disorders (ED) in males, with particular attention to sex-related clinical features and psychiatric co-morbidities. METHOD: Out of 280 persons, referred to our outpatients ED clinic between January 2011 and June 2014, 267 with complete information were included in this retrospective observational study. RESULTS: The men/women ratio was one to five (male 16.5% vs female 83.5%) with an increasing proportion of male patients over the years...
August 29, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846874/eating-disorders-and-suicidality-what-we-know-what-we-don-t-know-and-suggestions-for-future-research
#14
REVIEW
April R Smith, Kelly L Zuromski, Dorian R Dodd
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN), and suicidal behavior is elevated in bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) relative to the general population. This paper reviews the suicidality literature within each ED, as well as theoretical explanations for the elevated risk for suicidality among those with EDs. Approximately one-quarter to one-third of people with AN, BN, or BED have thought about suicide, and one-quarter to one-third of people with AN and BN have attempted suicide...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846695/novel-and-ultra-rare-damaging-variants-in-neuropeptide-signaling-are-associated-with-disordered-eating-behaviors
#15
Michael Lutter, Ethan Bahl, Claire Hannah, Dabney Hofammann, Summer Acevedo, Huxing Cui, Carrie J McAdams, Jacob J Michaelson
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders develop through a combination of genetic vulnerability and environmental stress, however the genetic basis of this risk is unknown. METHODS: To understand the genetic basis of this risk, we performed whole exome sequencing on 93 unrelated individuals with eating disorders (38 restricted-eating and 55 binge-eating) to identify novel damaging variants. Candidate genes with an excessive burden of predicted damaging variants were then prioritized based upon an unbiased, data-driven bioinformatic analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843136/correlates-of-weight-related-quality-of-life-among-individuals-with-binge-eating-disorder-before-and-after-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#16
Tyler B Mason, Ross D Crosby, Ronette L Kolotkin, Carlos M Grilo, James E Mitchell, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
Individuals with obesity and binge eating disorder (BED) report poorer weight-related quality of life (WRQOL) compared to individuals with obesity alone. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), the best available treatment for BED, does not consistently produce weight loss or improvements in weight QOL. The purpose of the current study was to examine baseline and longitudinal associations between eating-related and psychosocial variables and dimensions of weight QOL. We examined associations between predictor variables, including body mass index (BMI), eating disorder (ED) psychopathology, and psychosocial factors, in relation to three dimensions of WRQOL among 171 patients whom received CBT for BED...
August 18, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840571/drunkorexia-an-emerging-trend-in-young-adults
#17
Matteo Lupi, Giovanni Martinotti, Massimo Di Giannantonio
OBJECTIVE: Several studies demonstrated an association between alcohol consumption and unhealthy food habits. Particularly, in young adults it has been observed the tendency to use extreme forms of weight control as a way to compensate planned binge drinking. METHOD: A questionnaire was administered to a sample of 4275 healthy subjects (43.9% males; 56.1% females), aged between 18 and 26 (mean age 22.04). The survey investigated socio-economic characteristics, drinking habits with a specific focus on binge consumption, abnormal eating behaviours and psychoactive substance use...
August 24, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835070/-analysis-on-the-risk-factors-of-diabetic-foot-ulcer-in-diabetic-patients-of-uyghur-nationality-and-han-nationality-in-the-xinjiang-uygur-autonomous-region
#18
X L Liu, F Z Su, T J Zha, L H Liu, Z Z Wang
Objective: To explore the risk factors of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) in diabetic patients of Uyghur nationality and Han nationality in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Methods: Clinical data of 640 diabetic patients admitted to our ward from January 2015 to November 2016, conforming to the study criteria, were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into DFU group (n=403) and non-DFU group (n=237) according to whether DFU occurred or not. The data of gender, age, nationality, body mass index (BMI), smoking, drinking, binge eating, triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) of patients between two groups were compared with chi-square test and t test...
August 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833350/hypothalamic-crf1-receptor-mechanisms-are-not-sufficient-to-account-for-binge-like-palatable-food-consumption-in-female-rats
#19
Maria Vittoria Micioni Di Bonaventura, Massimo Ubaldi, Maria Elena Giusepponi, Kenner C Rice, Maurizio Massi, Roberto Ciccocioppo, Carlo Cifani
OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the effect of systemic injection of the CRF1 receptor antagonist R121919, the corticosterone synthesis inhibitor metyrapone and central amygdala (CeA) injections of the nonselective CRF antagonist D-Phe-CRF(12-41) in rats in which binge eating was evoked by stress and cycles of food restriction. METHOD: Female rats were subjected or not to repeated cycles of regular chow food restriction/ad libitum feeding during which they were also given limited access (2 h) to palatable food...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833314/rapid-improvements-in-emotion-regulation-predict-intensive-treatment-outcome-for-patients-with-bulimia-nervosa-and-purging-disorder
#20
Danielle E MacDonald, Kathryn Trottier, Marion P Olmsted
OBJECTIVE: Rapid and substantial behavior change (RSBC) early in cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for eating disorders is the strongest known predictor of treatment outcome. Rapid change in other clinically relevant variables may also be important. This study examined whether rapid change in emotion regulation predicted treatment outcomes, beyond the effects of RSBC. METHOD: Participants were diagnosed with bulimia nervosa or purging disorder (N = 104) and completed ≥6 weeks of CBT-based intensive treatment...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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