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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792242/testing-a-stepped-care-model-for-binge-eating-disorder-a-two-step-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Giorgio A Tasca, Diana Koszycki, Agostino Brugnera, Livia Chyurlia, Nicole Hammond, Kylie Francis, Kerri Ritchie, Iryna Ivanova, Genevieve Proulx, Brian Wilson, Julie Beaulac, Hany Bissada, Erin Beasley, Nancy Mcquaid, Renee Grenon, Benjamin Fortin-Langelier, Angelo Compare, Louise Balfour
BACKGROUND: A stepped care approach involves patients first receiving low-intensity treatment followed by higher intensity treatment. This two-step randomized controlled trial investigated the efficacy of a sequential stepped care approach for the psychological treatment of binge-eating disorder (BED). METHODS: In the first step, all participants with BED (n = 135) received unguided self-help (USH) based on a cognitive-behavioral therapy model. In the second step, participants who remained in the trial were randomized either to 16 weeks of group psychodynamic-interpersonal psychotherapy (GPIP) (n = 39) or to a no-treatment control condition (n = 46)...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790653/the-impact-of-living-with-morbid-obesity-on-psychological-need-frustration-a-study-with-bariatric-patients
#2
Ángel Megías, David González-Cutre, Vicente J Beltrán-Carrillo, José M Gomis-Díaz, Eduardo Cervelló, Kimberley J Bartholomew
Guided by self-determination theory, the purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the previous experiences of living with morbid obesity of 10 postbariatric patients enrolled in a physical activity programme. Qualitative data were collected through interviews and diarized observations. A thematic analysis revealed that participants suffered from health and mobility troubles in their daily life and experienced stigmatization and discrimination in most areas of their social functioning. Participants described how these experiences resulted in the thwarting of their basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness...
May 23, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787829/social-reward-and-social-punishment-sensitivity-in-relation-to-dietary-restraint-and-binge-purge-symptoms
#3
Lauren M Fussner, Aaron M Luebbe, April R Smith
Disordered eating symptoms are associated with disrupted sensitivity to reward and punishment, broadly assessed. However, it is unknown how eating pathology is related to sensitivity to social reward and social punishment specifically. Drawing on Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory, the current study utilized a multi-method design to test whether disordered eating symptoms, specifically dietary restraint (DR) and binge/purge (BP), were similarly or uniquely related to sensitivity to social punishment and social reward...
May 19, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777967/rates-and-correlates-of-disordered-eating-among-women-veterans-in-primary-care
#4
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767908/gender-differences-in-body-mass-index-body-weight-perception-weight-satisfaction-disordered-eating-and-weight-control-strategies-among-indian-medical-and-nursing-undergraduates
#5
Poreddi Vijayalakshmi, Rohini Thimmaiah, S Sai Nikhil Reddy, Kathyayani B V, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Suresh BadaMath
OBJECTIVES: To assess gender disparity in body weight perception, Body Mass Index (BMI), weight satisfaction and role of depression among undergraduate Medical and Nursing students. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in conveniently selected medical (n=241) and nursing (n=213) students of Bangalore, South India. Data was collected using self-administered SCOFF questionnaires. RESULTS: Our findings revealed that men had a significantly higher BMI than women (t=5...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766462/disgust-and-fear-common-emotions-between-eating-and-phobic-disorders
#6
Rami Bou Khalil, Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Yara Tabet, Lama Souaiby, Hayat Azouri
Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent mental illnesses composed mainly of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorders. Anxiety disorders are another set of mental illnesses, with phobic disorder (PD) being the most prevalent disorder. ED and PD are highly comorbid. The aim of this study is to assess, in 131 individuals attending an outpatient clinic for different health issues, the level of fear related to situations generating avoidance such as in social anxiety and specific phobias according to the fear questionnaire (FQ), the level of disgust according to the disgust scale (DS-R) and the vulnerability towards ED according to the SCOFF scale to demonstrate that high levels of both fear and disgust increase the vulnerability towards ED...
May 15, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765343/questionnaire-based-maladaptive-decision-coping-patterns-involved-in-binge-eating-among-1013-college-students
#7
Wan-Sen Yan, Ran-Ran Zhang, Yan Lan, Zhi-Ming Li, Yong-Hui Li
Binge Eating Disorder (BED), considered a public health problem because of its impact on psychiatric, physical, and social functioning, merits much attention given its elevation to an independent diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Similar with substance use disorders, some neuropsychological and personality constructs are potentially implicated in the onset and development of BED, in which poor decision-making has been suggested to facilitate overeating and BED...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757091/striving-for-liminality-eating-disorders-and-social-suffering
#8
Karin Eli
In this article, I argue that eating disorders constitute a form of social suffering, in which sufferers embody liminality as a response to, and a reflection of, oppressive sociality, structural violence, and institutional constraints. Based on the illness narratives of people with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and their subclinical variants in Israel, the analysis draws the experiential, the social, and the structural into critical focus. These narratives, which delineate lived experiences of self-starving, bingeing, and purging, and the attendant viscerality of hunger, fullness, and emptiness, reveal how participants developed an embodied drawing inward and away, being at once within and without society for extended periods of time, through eating disordered practices...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756985/-consensus-document-about-the-nutritional-evaluation-and-management-of-eating-disorders-anorexia-nervosa-bulimia-nervosa-binge-eating-disorder-and-others-executive-abstract
#9
Carmen Gómez Candela, Samara Palma Milla, Alberto Miján-de-la-Torre, Pilar Rodríguez Ortega, Pilar Matía Martín, Viviana Loria Kohen, Rocío Campos Del Portillo, M ª Nuria Virgili Casas, Miguel Á Martínez Olmos, María Teresa Mories Álvarez, María José Castro Alija, Ángela Martín-Palmero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756232/differences-in-emotion-regulation-difficulties-among-adults-and-adolescents-across-eating-disorder-diagnoses
#10
Leslie K Anderson, Kimberly Claudat, Anne Cusack, Tiffany A Brown, Julie Trim, Roxanne Rockwell, Tiffany Nakamura, Lauren Gomez, Walter H Kaye
OBJECTIVE: Although much empirical attention has been devoted to emotion regulation (ER) in individuals with eating disorders, little is known about ER across a wide age range and among different ED subtypes. The current study sought to examine ER in a sample of eating disorder patients. METHOD: A total of 364 adults and adolescents with anorexia nervosa restricting subtype (AN-R), anorexia nervosa binge/purge subtype (AN-BP), or bulimia nervosa (BN) were assessed with the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS)...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751819/mindfulness-as-a-complementary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-primary-health-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Vera Salvo, Jean Kristeller, Jesus Montero Marin, Adriana Sanudo, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer Lourenço, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Vania D'Almeida, Héctor Morillo, Suely Godoy Agostinho Gimeno, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve physical and psychological health; however, little is known about its feasibility and efficacy in a Brazilian population. Mindfulness may also be relevant in tackling obesity and eating disorders by decreasing binge eating episodes-partly responsible for weight regain for a large number of people-and increasing awareness of emotional and other triggers for overeating. The aim of the present study protocol is to evaluate and compare the feasibility and efficacy of two mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) addressing overweight and obesity in primary care patients: a general programme called Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion and a targeted mindful eating protocol called Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746881/binge-eating-and-other-eating-related-problems-in-adolescents-undergoing-gastric-bypass-results-from-a-swedish-nationwide-study-amos
#12
Kajsa Järvholm, Torsten Olbers, Markku Peltonen, Claude Marcus, Jovanna Dahlgren, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Pia Henfridsson, Eva Gronowitz, Jan Karlsson
Bariatric surgery is established as a treatment option for adolescents with severe obesity. Little is known about binge eating (BE) and other eating-related problems in adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery. BE, emotional eating, uncontrolled eating, and cognitive restraint were assessed at baseline, and one and two years after gastric bypass using questionnaires in 82 adolescents (mean age 16.9 years, 67% girls). BE was assessed with the Binge Eating Scale (BES) and other eating-related problems with the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire...
May 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745703/negative-urgency-moderates-reactivity-to-laboratory-stress-inductions
#13
Max M Owens, Michael T Amlung, Monika Stojek, James MacKillop
Impulsive personality traits refer to a group of self-reported dispositions about self-regulatory capacity, several of which have been linked to diverse forms of psychopathology. One of these is negative urgency (NUR), the propensity to act out when experiencing negative emotions, which has been linked to substance use disorders and eating disorders. However, few laboratory studies have investigated the extent to which self-reported NUR relates to an individual's in vivo emotional and behavioral responses. Harmonizing two archival data sets on alcohol and high-energy-dense (HED) food motivation, the current study investigated NUR as a moderator of reactivity to stressful situations elicited by two commonly used stress manipulations, the Trier Social Stress Test and a stress imagery induction...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745445/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-united-states-military-spouses-the-millennium-cohort-family-study
#14
Maria M Steenkamp, Nida H Corry, Meng Qian, Meng Li, Hope Seib McMaster, John A Fairbank, Valerie A Stander, Laura Hollahan, Charles R Marmar
BACKGROUND: Approximately half of US service members are married, equating to 1.1 million military spouses, yet the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among military spouses remains understudied. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of eight mental health conditions in spouses of service members with 2-5 years of service. METHOD: We employed baseline data from the Millennium Cohort Family Study, a 21-year longitudinal survey following 9,872 military-affiliated married couples representing all US service branches and active duty, Reserve, and National Guard components...
May 10, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742712/design-of-a-comparative-effectiveness-randomized-controlled-trial-testing-a-faith-based-diabetes-prevention-program-word-dpp-vs-a-pacific-culturally-adapted-diabetes-prevention-program-pili-dpp-for-marshallese-in-the-united-states
#15
Pearl Anna McElfish, Christopher R Long, Joseph Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula, Nia Aitaoto, Zoran Bursac, Lucy Capelle, Melisa Laelan, Williamina Ioanna Bing, Sheldon Riklon, Brett Rowland, Britni L Ayers, Ralph O Wilmoth, Krista N Langston, Mario Schootman, James P Selig, Karen Hye-Cheon Kim Yeary
BACKGROUND: Pacific Islander populations, including Marshallese, face a disproportionately high burden of health disparities relative to the general population. OBJECTIVES: A community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach was utilized to engage Marshallese participants in a comparative effectiveness trial testing 2 Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) interventions designed to reduce participant's weight, lower HbA1c, encourage healthy eating, and increase physical activity...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737942/starvation-symptoms-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-longitudinal-study
#16
Simona Calugi, Elisa Chignola, Marwan El Ghoch, Riccardo Dalle Grave
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the change in starvation symptoms over time and their role as potential predictors of change in eating disorder and general psychopathology in patients with anorexia nervosa treated by means of intensive enhanced cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT-E). METHOD: Ninety adult female patients with anorexia nervosa (63 restricting type and 27 binge-eating/purging type) were recruited. Body mass index (BMI), Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) interview, Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and Starvation Symptoms Inventory (SSI) scores were recorded at admission, at the end of treatment, and at 6-month follow-up...
May 8, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737815/food-guide-pagoda-and-the-food-safety-of-women-one-year-follow-up-study-on-the-effects-of-the-2008-sichuan-earthquake
#17
Xianglong Xu, Bing Li, Ruixue Bai, Yunshuang Rao, Lingli Liu, Cesar Reis, Manoj Sharma, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Women are a dominant force in the family's diet and nutrition in China. The shortterm effects of the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake were found. However, the long-term effects of the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake on the food safety, energy, and intake frequency of women remain unclear. This study analyzed the effects of the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake on the dietary behaviors of women one year after the earthquake. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 207 women were selected using the proportional sampling method...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727720/the-relationship-between-dietary-restraint-and-binge-eating-examining-eating-related-self-efficacy-as-a-moderator
#18
Jake Linardon
Although dietary restraint has been shown to be a robust predictor of binge eating among women, many women report elevated levels of dietary restraint but do not concurrently exhibit symptoms of binge eating. Moderating variables could therefore interact with dietary restraint to affect its relation to binge eating. One potential factor that may attenuate this relationship is eating-related self-efficacy, defined as the tendency to feel confident in the ability to control eating behaviour under a diverse set of circumstances (e...
May 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723712/the-presence-of-your-absence-a-conditioning-theory-of-grief
#19
Yannick Boddez
I present a conditioning theory of grief. From conditioning research on appetitive disorders (e.g., addiction and binge eating), I borrow the concept cue-elicited craving. More precisely, the theory postulates that, throughout a life together, a variety of cues become associated with the presence of the loved one and that because of this these cues can trigger craving and (an action tendency for) searching for the deceased. Starting from this perspective, I additionally invoke extinction phenomena to explain the possible persistence of grief...
April 24, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720107/the-experience-of-women-with-an-eating-disorder-in-the-perinatal-period-a-meta-ethnographic-study
#20
Sarah Fogarty, Rakime Elmir, Phillipa Hay, Virginia Schmied
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a time of enormous body transformation. For those with an eating disorder during pregnancy this time of transformation can be distressing and damaging to both the mother and the child. In this meta-ethnographic study, we aimed to examine the experiences of women with an Eating Disorder in the perinatal period; that is during pregnancy and two years following birth. METHOD: A meta-ethnographic framework was used in this review. After a systematic online search of the literature using the keywords such as pregnancy, eating disorders, anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorder, perinatal, postnatal and post-partum, 11 papers, involving 94 women, were included in the review...
May 2, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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