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arrhythmias, ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction,

Raffaele Altara, Fouad A Zouein, Rita Dias Brandão, Saeed N Bajestani, Alessandro Cataliotti, George W Booz
Standard therapies for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) have been unsuccessful, demonstrating that the contribution of the underlying diastolic dysfunction pathophysiology differs from that of systolic dysfunction in heart failure and currently is far from being understood. Complicating the investigation of HFpEF is the contribution of several comorbidities. Here, we selected three established rat models of diastolic dysfunction defined by three major risk factors associated with HFpEF and researched their commonalities and differences...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Peter Paik, Sanjay K Arukala, Anupam A Sule
Central venous catheters are placed in approximately five million patients annually in the US. The preferred site of insertion is one with fewer risks and easier access. Although the right internal jugular vein is preferred, on occasion, the left internal jugular may have to be accessed. A patient was admitted for septic shock, cerebrovascular accident, and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. A central venous line was needed for antibiotic and vasopressor administration. Due to trauma from a fall to the right side and previously failed catheterization attempts at the left subclavian and femoral veins, the left internal jugular vein was accessed...
January 9, 2018: Curēus
Tomasz Podolecki, Radoslaw Lenarczyk, Jacek Kowalczyk, Ewa Jedrzejczyk-Patej, Piotr Chodor, Michal Mazurek, Pawel Francuz, Witold Streb, Katarzyna Mitrega, Zbigniew Kalarus
The aim of the study was to assess the clinical significance of complex ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) (sustained ventricular tachycardia [sVT] and ventricular fibrillation [VF]) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) depending on timing of arrhythmia. We analyzed 4,363 consecutive patients with STEMI treated invasively between 2004 and 2014. The median follow-up was 69.6 months (range: 0 to 139.8 months). The study population was divided into 2 main groups; VA group encompassed 476 patients (10...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Farzin Brian Boudi, Nicholas Kalayeh, Mohammad Reza Movahed
OBJECTIVE: Acute coronary syndrome is frequently complicated by rhythm disturbances, yet any association between high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels and arrhythmias in the setting of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (non-STEMI) is uncertain. The goal of this study was to evaluate any association between HDL-cholesterol levels and arrhythmias in the setting of non-STEMI. METHODS: Retrospective data from Phoenix Veterans Affair Medical Center records were utilized for our study...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Qi Zhao, Ruoxi Zhang, Jingbo Hou, Bo Yu
Background: To investigate the relationship between the presence of fragmented QRS (fQRS) on electrocardiogram (ECG) and plasma NT-proBNP levels in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The in-hospital prognostic value of the presence of fQRS was also assessed. Methods: In this retrospective study, 216 patients with STEMI who were undergoing primary PCI were included. fQRS was identified in ECG following primary PCI...
January 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Mohammed Al-Maskari, Mahmoud Al-Makhdami, Hatim Al-Lawati, Hafidh Al-Hadi, Sunil K Nadar
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine patterns of troponin testing in the emergency department of a large tertiary care hospital in Oman and to determine its effect on patient management, including length of hospital stay (LOS). Methods: This retrospective study analysed the medical records of all adult patients undergoing troponin testing in the emergency department of the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, during the month of July 2015...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Mark Mariathas, Cameron Gemmell, Bartosz Olechowski, Zoe Nicholas, Michael Mahmoudi, Nick Curzen
BACKGROUND: The introduction of the highly sensitive troponin (hs-trop) assays into clinical practice has allowed for the more rapid diagnosis or exclusion of type 1 myocardial infarctions (T1MI) by clinicians, in addition type 2 myocardial infarctions (T2MI) are now more frequently detected. Tachyarrhythmias are one of the common causes of T2MI, the medium and long term outcome for this cohort of T2MI is yet to be clarified. METHODS: Retrospective review of consecutive patients admitted with a diagnosis of either (a) non ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) or (b) tachyarrhythmia was performed...
November 28, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Marcin Grabowski, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Grzegorz Opolski, Renata Główczyńska, Monika Gawałko, Paweł Balsam, Andrzej Cacko, Zenon Huczek, Grzegorz Karpiński, Robert Kowalik, Franciszek Majstrak, Janusz Kochman
BACKGROUND: For patients experiencing an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), a crucial time to assess their prognosis and future management is at discharge from hospital. AIM: To identify patients' risk factors of mortality during post-discharge period following an ACS hospitalization. METHODS: We studied 672 consecutive ACS patients hospitalized and discharged alive between 2002 and 2004. The analysis was done in respect of the type of ACS, i...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
Metin Çağdaş, Süleyman Karakoyun, İbrahim Rencüzoğulları, Yavuz Karabağ, Mahmut Yesin, Yalçın Velibey, İnanç Artaç, Doğan İliş, Süleyman Çağan Efe, Onur Taşar, Halil İbrahim Tanboğa
OBJECTIVE: T-peak-T-end (TPE) interval, which represents the dispersion of repolarization, is defined as the interval between the peak and end of the T-wave, and is associated with increased malignant ventricular arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Although prolonged TPE interval is associated with poor short- and long-term outcomes, even in patients with STEMI treated with successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI), clinical, angiographic, and laboratory parameters that affect TPE remain to be elucidated...
January 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Xiaowei Niu, Jingjing Zhang, Ming Bai, Yu Peng, Shaobo Sun, Zheng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Despite the restoration of epicardial flow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI), myocardial reperfusion remains impaired in a significant proportion of patients. We performed a network meta-analysis to assess the effect of 7 intracoronary agents (adenosine, anisodamine, diltiazem, nicorandil, nitroprusside, urapidil, and verapamil) on the no-reflow phenomenon in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing PPCI. METHODS: Database searches were conducted to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the 7 agents with each other or with standard PPCI...
January 10, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Guy Achkouty, Jean-Guillaume Dillinger, Georgios Sideris, Stephane Manzo-Silberman, Sebastian Voicu, Benoit Merat, Damien Logeart, Patrick Henry
BACKGROUND: Direct stenting is the best method for achieving reperfusion in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). We hypothesized that the use of a microcatheter (MC) during PPCI when Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow ≤ 1 after wire crossing would allow visualization of the downstream artery with an optimal TIMI 3 flow at the end of the procedure. METHODS: In this pilot study, PPCI patients with TIMI flow ≤ 1 after wire crossing formed the MC group (n = 60); the MC was positioned in the distal part of the culprit artery and a small amount of contrast was injected through it to determine stent size and length to treat the culprit lesion...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Nikhil Mehta, Robert Vannozzi
Lithium has been used for the treatment of bipolar disorder for more than 6 decades. Reports of cardiac side effects resulting in both benign electrocardiographic (ECG) changes and near fatal arrhythmias have been reported in the literature. A systematic literature search was conducted on 2 electronic databases-PubMed and Medline-for the time period between January 1970 and March 2016 using the key word "lithium," along with "electrocardiography" or "ECG." All articles and their references were then screened by title for relevance by 2 authors and a librarian...
December 16, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
Michael Dae, William O'Neill, Cindy Grines, Simon Dixon, David Erlinge, Marko Noc, Michael Holzer, Anne Dee
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the relationship between temperature at reperfusion and infarct size. BACKGROUND: Hypothermia consistently reduces infarct size when administered prior to reperfusion in animal studies, however, clinical results have been inconsistent. METHODS: We performed a patient-level pooled analysis from six randomized control trials of endovascular cooling during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in 629 patients in which infarct size was assessed within 1 month after randomization by either single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) or cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMR)...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
Raquel Moreira de Britto, Júlio Alves da Silva-Neto, Thássio Ricardo Ribeiro Mesquita, Carla Maria Lins de Vasconcelos, Grace Kelly Melo de Almeida, Itamar Couto Guedes de Jesus, Péligris Henrique Dos Santos, Diego Santos Souza, Rodrigo Miguel-Dos-Santos, Lucas Andrade de Sá, Fanildes Silva Moraes Dos Santos, Rose Nely Pereira-Filho, Ricardo Luiz Cavalcanti Albuquerque-Júnior, Lucindo José Quintans-Júnior, Silvia Guatimosim, Sandra Lauton-Santos
Myrtenol is a monoterpene with multiple pharmacological activities. However, although monoterpenes have been proposed to play beneficial roles in a variety of cardiac disorders, pharmacological actions of myrtenol in the heart are not yet reported. Hence, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether myrtenol promotes cardioprotection against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury, and the mechanisms involved in these effects. Male Wistar rats were orally treated for seven consecutive days with myrtenol (50 mg/kg) or N-acetyl cysteine (1...
January 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Maya M Jeyaraman, Rasheda Rabbani, Leslie Copstein, Wasan Sulaiman, Farnaz Farshidfar, Hessam H Kashani, Sheikh M Z Qadar, Qingdong Guan, Becky Skidmore, Elissavet Kardami, John Ducas, Samer Mansour, Ryan Zarychanski, Ahmed M Abou-Setta
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on bone marrow stem cell (BMSC) therapy in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients have reported conflicting results. Our main objective was to critically appraise and meta-analyze best-available evidence on efficacy and safety of intracoronary administration of autologous BMSC therapy in STEMI patients after primary percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: We conducted a search of MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, Global Health, CINAHL, and conference proceedings in February 2017...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Reza Jabbari, Javad Jabbari, Charlotte Glinge, Bjarke Risgaard, Stefan Sattler, Bo Gregers Winkel, Christian Juhl Terkelsen, Hans-Henrik Tilsted, Lisette Okkels Jensen, Mikkel Hougaard, Stig Haunsø, Thomas Engstrøm, Christine M Albert, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen
BACKGROUND: Cohort studies have revealed an increased risk for ventricular fibrillation (VF) and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). In this study, we hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) previously associated with AF may be associated with the risk of VF caused by first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: We investigated association of 24 AF-associated SNPs with VF in the prospectively assembled case-control study among first STEMI-patients of Danish ancestry...
November 21, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
Jonathan Yap, Gagan D Singh, Jung-Sun Kim, Krishan Soni, Kelvin Chua, Alvin Neo, Choong Hou Koh, Ehrin J Armstrong, Stephen W Waldo, Kendrick A Shunk, Reginald I Low, Myeong-Ki Hong, Yangsoo Jang, Khung Keong Yeo
INTRODUCTION: Prior studies of ULM STEMI have been confined to small cohorts. Recent registry data with larger patient cohorts have shown contrasting results. We aim to study the outcomes of patients with unprotected left main (ULM) ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: The Asia-pacific left main ST-Elevation Registry (ASTER) is a multicenter retrospective registry involving 4 sites in Singapore, South Korea, and the United States...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
Amine Ghalem, Hanane Boussir, Kamal Ahsayan, Nabila Ismaili, Noha El Ouafi
Cardiac lesions secondary to blunt chest trauma vary from insignificant arrhythmias to fatal cardiac rupture. Of these, a distinction remains difficult; face to ST-segment elevation on ECG with positive cardiac biomarkers, is it a myocardial contusion or a genuine myocardial infarction (MI) secondary to coronary lesions? We report the case of a patient admitted for multiple trauma. Initial assessment showed an ST segment elevation on ECG, along with multiple fractures and abdominal injuries. We would like to discuss, through this case, the similarities and the differences between myocardial infarction due to coronary lesions and myocardial contusion in a traumatic context, but also emphasize the difficulty of striking the right balance between thrombotic and bleeding risks in this situation, and insist on the importance of a multidisciplinary and collegial reflexion so we can offer these patients the best care there is...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Wang Xianpei, Wu Sha, Gao Chuanyu, Yan Juanjuan, Chen Chong, Shi Yongen, Feng Yu, Lin Zhenhao
BACKGROUND: Tpeak-Tend interval (Tp-e interval) in electrocardiogram (ECG) has been reported to predict malignant arrhythmia events (MAE) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and ion channelopathy. Tp-e interval and other ECG parameters as predictors for MAE was evaluated in patients with vasospastic angina (VA). METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-two patients with VA (Non-MAE group) and 20 patients with VA complicated by MAE (MAE group) were enrolled in our Division of Cardiology between January 2010 and December 2015...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
Muslum Sahin, Lutfi Ocal, Ali Kemal Kalkan, Alev Kilicgedik, Mehmet Emin Kalkan, Burak Teymen, Ugur Arslantas, Mehmet Muhsin Turkmen
Introduction: Although percutaneous coronary intervention is an accepted "first-line" therapy in acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in general population, few data are available on the short- and long-term outcomes of very old patients (age >90 years). Our aim is to evaluate and compare the short and long-term outcomes after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) or medical therapy in nonagenarian patients with STEMI. Methods: We retrospectively identified patients older than 90 years old in our clinic, with acute STEMI who presented within 12 hours after symptoms onset, either underwent PPCI or medically treated...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
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