keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dysfunctional thinking

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122592/new-perspectives-on-the-brain-lesion-approach-implications-for-theoretical-models-of-human-memory
#1
Muireann Irish, Marlieke T R van Kesteren
Human lesion studies represent the cornerstone of modern day neuropsychology and provide an important adjunct to functional neuroimaging methods. The study of human lesion groups with damage to distinct regions of the brain permits the identification of underlying mechanisms and structures not only associated with, but essential for, complex cognitive processes. Here, we consider a recent review by McCormick et al. in which the power of the lesion model approach is elegantly presented with respect to a host of sophisticated cognitive endeavors, including autobiographical memory, future thinking, spatial navigation, and decision-making...
November 6, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117509/heart-rate-variability-mediates-the-link-between-rumination-and-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Luca Carnevali, Julian F Thayer, Jos F Brosschot, Cristina Ottaviani
Ruminative thinking about negative feelings has been prospectively associated with increases in depressive symptoms and heightened risk for new onsets of major depression. One putative pathophysiological mechanism underlying this link might be represented by autonomic nervous system dysfunction. The objective of this longitudinal study was to evaluate the interplay between rumination, autonomic function (as revealed by heart rate variability (HRV) analysis), and depressive symptoms in healthy young subjects, over a three-year period...
November 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110306/coping-strategies-and-perceived-social-support-in-fibromyalgia-syndrome-relationship-with-alexithymia
#3
Marialaura Di Tella, Valentina Tesio, Ada Ghiggia, Annunziata Romeo, Fabrizio Colonna, Enrico Fusaro, Giuliano Carlo Geminiani, Maria Bruzzone, Riccardo Torta, Lorys Castelli
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain syndrome characterized by high levels of psychological distress and alexithymia, a personality disposition affecting emotional self-awareness. The main aim of the present study was to investigate for the first time the relationship between alexithymia and coping strategies on the one hand, and alexithymia and perceived social support on the other, in a sample of FM patients. To reach this aim, 153 FM patients completed a battery of tests assessing coping strategies, perceived social support, alexithymia, psychological distress and pain intensity...
November 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097867/dysphagia-thinking-outside-the-box
#4
REVIEW
Hamish Philpott, Mayur Garg, Dunya Tomic, Smrithya Balasubramanian, Rami Sweis
Dysphagia is a common symptom that is important to recognise and appropriately manage, given that causes include life threatening oesophageal neoplasia, oropharyngeal dysfunction, the risk of aspiration, as well as chronic disabling gastroesophageal reflux (GORD). The predominant causes of dysphagia varies between cohorts depending on the interplay between genetic predisposition and environmental risk factors, and is changing with time. Currently in white Caucasian societies adopting a western lifestyle, obesity is common and thus associated gastroesophageal reflux disease is increasingly diagnosed...
October 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090640/listening-into-2030-workshop-an-experiment-in-envisioning-the-future-of-hearing-and-communication-science
#5
Simon Carlile, Gregory Ciccarelli, Jane Cockburn, Anna C Diedesch, Megan K Finnegan, Ervin Hafter, Simon Henin, Sridhar Kalluri, Alexander J E Kell, Erol J Ozmeral, Casey L Roark, Jessica E Sagers
Here we report the methods and output of a workshop examining possible futures of speech and hearing science out to 2030. Using a design thinking approach, a range of human-centered problems in communication were identified that could provide the motivation for a wide range of research. Nine main research programs were distilled and are summarized: (a) measuring brain and other physiological parameters, (b) auditory and multimodal displays of information, (c) auditory scene analysis, (d) enabling and understanding shared auditory virtual spaces, (e) holistic approaches to health management and hearing impairment, (f) universal access to evolving and individualized technologies, (g) biological intervention for hearing dysfunction, (h) understanding the psychosocial interactions with technology and other humans as mediated by technology, and (i) the impact of changing models of security and privacy...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080248/insidious-the-relationship-patients-have-with-their-eating-disorders-and-its-impact-on-symptoms-duration-of-illness-and-self-image
#6
Emma Forsén Mantilla, David Clinton, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVES: In published clinical and autobiographical accounts of eating disorders, patients often describe their disorder in personified ways, that is, relating to the disorder as if it were an entity, and treatment often involves techniques of externalization. By encouraging patients to think about their eating disorder as a relationship, this study aimed to examine how young female patients experience their eating disorder as acting towards them, how they react in response, and whether these interactions are associated with symptoms, illness duration, and self-image...
October 28, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071701/-the-hypothalamus-in-huntington-s-disease
#7
REVIEW
E Bellosta-Diago, A Viloria-Alebesque, S Santos-Lasaosa, L J Lopez Del Val
INTRODUCTION: Disorders affecting sleep and the circadian rhythm, autonomic clinical signs and symptoms, and neuroendocrine alterations are frequent characteristics in Huntington's disease, some of which present in early stages of the disease. It is reasonable to think that some of these features could result from a hypothalamic dysfunction affecting the centre regulating sleep, metabolism and the autonomic nervous system. AIM: The study presents the evidence available to date that suggests the involvement of a hypothalamic disorder in Huntington's disease...
November 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068571/location-of-the-ischemic-focus-in-rehabilitated-stroke-patients-with-impairment-of-executive-functions
#8
Agnieszka M Jankowska, Robert Klimkiewicz, Anna Kubsik, Paulina Klimkiewicz, Janusz Śmigielski, Marta Woldańska-Okońska
BACKGROUND: Executive dysfunctions are part of the clinical symptoms of a stroke and can inhibit the process of rehabilitation. Patients with impaired executive functions may manifest aggression, impulsiveness, impaired thinking and planning. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the ischemic focus location on the effectiveness of physiotherapy in improving the executive functions in patients after stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety patients after unilateral ischemic cerebral stroke were studied...
August 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050193/-the-vessel-and-primary-glaucoma
#9
R S Li, Y Z Pan
Glaucoma, as the first leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world, is a chronic progressive optic neuropathy. The pathogenesis of glaucoma is still not fully understood till now. A lot of studies about vascular diameter, tortuosity, location, disc perfusion, vascular regulation and systemic vascular factors had been conducted to investigate the relationship between the vascular states and glaucoma since vascular hypothesis proposed. However, direct and convincing evidence for primary mechanisms of glaucoma is still lacking...
October 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040091/preoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-it-s-more-common-than-you-think
#10
Jonathan P Wanderer, James P Rathmell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033974/cognitive-deficits-in-chronic-stroke-patients-neuropsychological-assessment-depression-and-self-reports
#11
Arne E Nakling, Dag Aarsland, Halvor Næss, Daniel Wollschlaeger, Tormod Fladby, Håkon Hofstad, Eike Wehling
BACKGROUND: Following stroke, clinicians are challenged to detect and untangle symptoms of cognitive dysfunction and mood disorders. Additionally, they need to evaluate the informative value of self-reports to identify patients in need of further attendance. AIMS: To examine the association between neuropsychological measures, symptoms of depression, and self-reported cognitive function. METHODS: One-hundred and five chronic stroke patients underwent assessment covering 6 cognitive domains and answered the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Memory and Thinking Scale from the Stroke Impact Scale 1 year after stroke...
May 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028864/predicting-cognitive-functioning-activities-of-daily-living-and-participation-6-months-after-mild-to-moderate-stroke
#12
Madison Bertolin, Ryan Van Patten, Taylor Greif, Robert Fucetola
Objective: Predicting neurocognitive and functional outcomes in stroke is an important clinical task, especially in rehabilitation settings. We assessed acute predictors of cognitive and functional outcomes 6 months after mild to moderate stroke. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of acute clinical data and 6-month follow-up telephone interviews for 498 mild to moderate stroke patients. Predictors were sociodemographic variables, the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), basic physical measures, the Mesulam Cancellation Test, the Short Blessed Test (SBT), Trails A/B, and the Boston Naming Test...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019476/parenting-a-child-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-orofacial-pain-and-dysfunction-a-qualitative-study
#13
Eva Leksell, Ulrika Hallberg, AnnaCarin Horne, Malin Ernberg, Britt Hedenberg-Magnusson
AIMS: To deepen knowledge of how parents of children diagnosed with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) perceive the orofacial manifestations of the disease, its treatments, and their encounters with dental care providers. METHODS: A total of 15 interviews with parents of JIA patients (3 to 16 years old) with orofacial pain were analyzed according to classic grounded theory. RESULTS: The main problem was identified as controlling an unpredictable life situation that includes a child with JIA...
2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976875/antiplatelet-therapy-in-a-patient-with-coronary-artery-disease-and-myelodysplastic-syndrome-with-thrombocytopenia
#14
Francisco José Fernández-Fernández, Eugenia Ameneiros-Lago, Cintia Tuñas-Gesto, Inmaculada Gómez-Buela
To date, there are no sufficient data to make firm recommendations on the treatment of patients with severe thrombocytopenia who require antiplatelet therapy after experiencing acute coronary syndrome. Therefore, we think that it is important to communicate the experience with individual cases. We report the case of a patient who presented with pericardial effusion causing cardiac tamponade. He had thrombocytopenia associated with myelodysplastic syndrome, and ten weeks before this admission, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty with implantation of drug-eluting stents was performed for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome...
2017: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972452/the-role-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-in-the-appearance-of-psychological-symptomatology-in-adult-women-victims-of-child-abuse
#15
Ana Estévez, Paula Jauregui, Nagore Ozerinjauregi, David Herrero-Fernández
Child abuse affects people's ways of thinking, feeling, and observing the world, resulting in dysfunctional beliefs and maladaptive schemas. Thus, consequences of child abuse may persist during adulthood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the psychological consequences (anxiety, phobic anxiety, depression, and hopelessness) of different types of maltreatment (physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and physical and emotional neglect) and to study the role of early maladaptive schemas in the onset of symptomatology in adult female victims of child abuse...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947428/fat-attacks-a-case-of-fat-embolisation-syndrome-postliposuction
#16
Adam Ali, George Theobald, Mohammed Asif Arshad
Liposuction is a procedure commonly performed in the UK usually with a low incidence of serious sequelae; however with larger patients and increased volumes of lipoaspirate, complications have been reported more frequently. One of the rare but very serious complications postliposuction is fat embolism syndrome (FES), a life-threatening condition difficult to diagnose and limited in treatment.The authors present the case of a 45-year-old woman who was admitted to the intensive care unit postelective liposuction for bilateral leg lipoedema...
September 25, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946578/reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-danish-prostatic-symptom-score-to-assess-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-stroke-patients
#17
Hilal Yesil, Yesim Akkoc, Hale Karapolat, Ayse Güler, Ulas Sungur, Dilek Evyapan, Figen Gokcay
BACKGROUND: Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) is one of the most frequently encountered problems in stroke.OBJECTİVE:To assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish Danish Prostatic Symptom Score (DAN-PSS) in stroke patients with LUTD. METHODS: A total of 50 patients were included in the study. The reliability was assessed using Cronbach α and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) methods, and the validity using the correlations between the subgroup and overall scores of DAN-PSS and the scores of the Barthel Index (BI), International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form (ICIQ-SF), and Short Form 36 (SF-36)...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944951/successful-application-of-the-ventriculo-gallbladder-shunt-a-salvage-procedure
#18
Bülent Guclu, Tufan Hicdonmez, Utku Adilay, Yunus Emre Altuntas
Ventriculo gallblader shunt is very rarely used in the treatment of hydrocephalus. A 44 year old male with ventriculoatrial shunt dysfunction was evaluated. His ventriculoatrial shunt was not working. His medical history revealed that his hydrocephalus was treated five times by venrtriculoperitoneal shunt, four times by ventriculoatrial shunt. Another trial for ventriculoperitoneal or ventriculoatrial shunting was not considered feasible. Ventriculo-gallbladder shunt as potential salvage procedure was placed to the patient...
July 29, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936822/-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-triggerred-by-alcohol-withdrawal
#19
Tuğçe Mengi, Yaprak Seçil, Aysel Çoban, Yeşim Beckmann
INTRODUCTION: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-radiological entity characterized by headache, altered mental status, epileptic seizures, visual disturbances and typically transient changes in posterior cerebral circulation areas. In this article, we present a case of alcohol withdrawal accompanied by PRES. CASE PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old male patient presented to the emergency department with visual hallucinations and meaningless speech...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904510/dysfunction-of-cognition-patterns-measured-by-matrics-consensus-cognitive-battery-mccb-among-first-episode-schizophrenia-patients-and-their-biological-parents
#20
Aiai Cao, Ting Shen, Haibin Li, Chuangxin Wu, Marita McCabe, David Mellor, Linda Byrne, Jie Zhang, Jia Huang, Daihui Peng, Yifeng Xu
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is characterized by abnormal perception, thinking, emotions, and behaviors. Cognitive dysfunction is acknowledged as one of the most pivotal symptoms in schizophrenia. In addition to positive or negative symptoms, which had been proposed by Gallhofer in the early 1970s, schizophrenia patients suffered from cognitive impairments as well. Many studies show that there is genetic susceptibility in the first grading kinship of patients with schizophrenia. Patients with schizophrenia have cognitive impairment not only in the acute phase but also in the stable phase...
June 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
75730
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"