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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457694/exploring-self-management-on-glycemic-control-using-a-modified-information-motivation-behavioral-skills-model-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-shanghai-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Qi Chen, Huwen Wang, Yichen Wang, Zezhou Wang, DaiJun Zhao, Yong Cai
BACKGROUND: The utility and maturity of the original Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model have been verified in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients. But little research has clarified whether the model has effect on glycemic control. The main purpose of this study is to modify the IMB model to explore self-management on glycemic control in T2DM patients in Shanghai, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a convenience sampling method between June and August 2015 in three tertiary hospitals and four community health service centers...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456951/endoscopic-endo-nasal-trans-sphenoidal-excision-of-pituitary-tumors-an-institutional-experience
#2
Amardeep Singh, Sarvpreet Singh Grewal, Navneet Kumar
To analyze the clinical presentation, management and outcomes of patients with pituitary adenoma treated by Endoscopic Endo-nasal Trans-sphenoidal (EETS) excision. Study was conducted on the basis of medical records of 14 patients who had undergone EETS excision of pituitary adenomas. The data obtained was assessed for demographic and clinical characteristics, radiographic features and post-operative outcomes. Study included 10 males and 4 females. Mean age of patients was 46.43 years (range 16-70 Years). Most common presentation was diminished vision reported in 79% patients...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456938/deep-neck-space-infections-a-study-in-diabetic-population-in-a-tertiary-care-centre
#3
Kalpana Sharma, Devjani Das, Manish Joshi, Dipjyoti Barman, A J Sarma
This study is intended to analyze the clinical profile and outcomes of deep neck space infection in diabetic patients in our tertiary care centre. A prospective study of 1 year duration from 30th September 2015 to 30th September 2016 at department of Otorhinolaryngology, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati. A total of 45 diabetic patients who presented with DNSI are included in this study. Their demographic profile, etiology, bacteriology, treatment, duration of hospital stay, complications and outcomes have been analyzed...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456698/correlation-of-blood-glucose-serum-chemerin-and-insulin-resistance-with-nafld-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Zhengjun Zhang, Jijun Wang, Hongmei Wang
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a form of clinical syndrome characterized by the fatty degeneration in liver histology and should be further investigated. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of blood glucose, serum chemerin and insulin resistance on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus to provide a basis for the prevention and treatment thereof. In total, 300 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated and admitted into the Endocrinology Department of our hospital from June 2015 to June 2017 were enrolled and divided into the simple type 2 diabetes mellitus (group A) and concurrent NAFLD (group B) groups...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456697/relationship-between-fat-mass-and-obesity-associated-gene-expression-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-severity
#5
Qiuling Wang, Jinhuan Wang, Haixia Lin, Xuechen Huo, Qiaoling Zhu, Min Zhang
This study sought to investigate any correlation between fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) expression and the severity of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In total 110 patients newly diagnosed with T2DM in the outpatient department of Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital between September 2016 and March 2017 were selected as study subjects and were divided into severe (58 cases) and mild groups (52 cases) according to T2DM severity. Patients in the severe group were followed up for 12 weeks. An additional 60 healthy individuals were selected to serve as the normal control group...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456675/correlation-between-ppar-%C3%AE-methylation-level-in-peripheral-blood-and-atherosclerosis-of-nafld-patients-with-dm
#6
Jianghua Ju, Qingxian Huang, Jing Sun, Xiaoyun Zhao, Xiuli Guo, Yongcheng Jin, Wenjie Ma, Wenhui Wang
We investigated the correlation between the methylation levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPAR-α) in the peripheral blood and atherosclerosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with diabetes mellitus (DM). A total of 50 normal subjects (group N) and 50 NAFLD patients with DM (group M) were selected at Qilu Hospital of Shandong University. The levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in groups N and M were detected...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456639/analysis-of-effect-of-1%C3%AE-hydroxyvitamin-d3-on-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-and-risk-factors
#7
Xiang Gu, Feilin Dong, Jianhua Gu
The purpose of this study was to investigate the curative effect of 1α-hydroxyvitamin D3 on the benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Fifty BPPV patients diagnosed in the ENT Department of Anzhen Hospital from October 2015 to December 2016 were randomly selected as the treatment group, and treated with 0.25 µg 1α-hydroxyvitamin D3 once per day, in addition to the routine diagnosis and treatment. Moreover, 50 BPPV patients in the same period were selected as the control group, and received the routine diagnosis and treatment...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456372/drug-drug-interaction-related-uncontrolled-glycemia
#8
Mohamed Anwar Hammad, Balamurugan Tangiisuran, Abeer Mohamed Kharshid, Noorizan Abdul-Aziz, Yahaya Hassan, Nor Azizah Aziz, Tarek Mohamed Elsayed
Context: The literature of drug-drug interaction (DDI)-related uncontrolled causality, and preventability of DDI-induced UCG (HbA1c >7%) in outpatients glycemia (UCG) among outpatients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus is still limited. Aims: The aim of this study is to identify the prevalence, mechanism, severity, with Type 2 diabetes. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Penang General Hospital. Methods: A computerized system for DDI checking was used to assess the severity and mechanism of DDIs...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456347/the-evolving-pattern-and-outcome-of-stroke-at-moderate-altitude
#9
Deepika Dhiman, Sanjay K Mahajan, Sudhir Sharma, Rajiv Raina
Background: The people residing in hills of this Sub-Himalayan region traditionally have a distinct lifestyle involving high level of physical activity. However, increased urbanization in the last two decades has led to changes in lifestyle of people. The present study was an endeavor to document changes in the pattern of stroke in people residing at moderate altitude. Aim: This study was aimed to study the evolving trends in clinical profile, risk factors, and outcome at 3 months in hospitalized patients of stroke in a Tertiary Care Hospital situated at moderate altitude...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456222/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-cote-d-ivoire-an-analytic-study-conducted-in-the-department-of-internal-medicine
#10
Hubert Kouame Yao, Serge Didier Konan, Sindou Sanogo, Sery Patrick Diopoh, Amadou Demba Diallo
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a public health problem because of its increasing prevalence. The objective of this study was to describe the current profile of CKD in our working conditions. This is a descriptive retrospective study of patients admitted for CKD during the period from January 2010 to December 2014 in the Internal Medicine Department of the university hospital of Treichville in Abidjan. CKD was defined by a glomerular filtration rate below 60 mL/min lasting for at least three months...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456220/importance-of-renal-biopsy-in-patients-aged-60-years-and-older-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#11
Pallav Gupta, Devinder Singh Rana
As the life expectancy is increasing, there is a rise in elderly population and consequent increase in the patients with renal disease. There is an inconsistency between clinical and histopathological diagnosis in elderly, and so renal biopsy is important in these patients to decide appropriate clinical management and prognosis. This study outlines the importance of renal biopsy in elderly and describes the clinical and pathologic spectrum of renal diseases in patient ≥60 years. All patients (age ≥60 years) undergoing renal biopsies from January 2011 to December 2014 were included in this retrospective study...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456218/renal-anemia-syndromes-in-iraqi-hemodialysis-patients-according-to-iron-status
#12
Ala Ali, Riyadh M Salih
Anemia is common in patients on hemodialysis (HD). Adequate iron stores are essential for achieving the best hemoglobin level through maximum benefit from erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA). Decreased iron stores or decreased availability of iron are the most common reasons for resistance to the effect of these agents. Our objective was to categorize a group of Iraqi HD patients according to absolute or functional iron deficiency anemia (IDA); this study was conducted in the HD unit of the Baghdad Teaching Hospital from October 2012 to January 2013...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456216/the-cardiovascular-risk-factor-profiles-among-end-stage-renal-failure-patients-treated-with-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-and-intermittent-hemodialysis
#13
S A K Sharifah Zamiah, Che Rosle Draman, Mohd Ramli Seman, A Fariz Safhan, R Rozalina, N I Nik Ruzni
Cardiovascular (CV) event is the most common cause of death in dialysis patients. Both traditional and nontraditional CV risk factors related to malnutrition, inflammation, and anemia are commonly found in this population. This study was conducted to evaluate the burden factors of CV risk factors and its management in our regularly dialyzed patients. It was a single-center, cross-sectional analysis of prevalent intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients followed up in our hospital...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456210/appraising-the-outcome-and-complications-of-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-in-self-care-peritoneal-dialysis-and-assisted-peritoneal-dialysis-a-5-year-review-of-a-single-saudi-center
#14
Jamal Saleh Al Wakeel, Mohammed A Al Ghonaim, Abdullah Aldohayan, Saira Usama, Saad Al Obaili, Ahmad R Tarakji, Mohammad Alkhowaiter
Our objective is to study the outcomes and complications of peritoneal dialysis (PD) including comparison of self-care PD with home-care assisted PD during a five-year period. A retrospective study of PD data at King Saud University-affiliated hospital in Riyadh from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2013. One hundred and eleven patients were included (female 55%). The average age was 47.4 (1-83) years. Twenty-one (18.91%) patients were on continuous ambulatory PD and 90 (81.08%) on automated PD. The mean time on PD was 23...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455616/is-the-fetal-cerebroplacental-ratio-better-that-the-estimated-fetal-weight-in-predicting-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-in-a-low-risk-cohort
#15
Christopher Flatley, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: In high-risk pregnancies combining the cerebro-placental ratio (CPR) with the estimated fetal weight (EFW) improves the identification of vulnerable fetuses. The purpose of this study was to assess the CPR and EFW's ability to predict adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes in a low-risk pregnancy, when measured late in gestation. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of women who birthed at Mater Mothers Hospitals, Brisbane, Australia between 2010 and 2015...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455547/evaluation-of-fractalkine-fkn-and-secreted-frizzled-related-protein-4-sfrp-4-serum-levels-in-patients-with-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes
#16
S Baldane, S H Ipekci, A Ekin, S Abusoglu, A Unlu, L Kebapcilar
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to compare serum levels of FKN and SFRP-4 in patients with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: A total of 152 patients presented to the endocrinology outpatient clinic of our hospital were included in the study. Eighty-two patients with a history of T2DM were assigned to the T2DM group. IGT (n = 34) and NGT (n = 36) groups included the patients who received oral glucose tolerance test outcomes...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455406/conversional-weight-loss-surgery-an-australian-experience-of-converting-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-bands-to-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#17
M Devadas, D J Ku
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity, capable of producing more than 50% excess weight loss at 10-year follow-up (James Clin Dermatol 1; 22:276-80; O'Brien Br J Surg 2; 102:611-17; Buchwald et al. Metab Syndr 3; 347-56). The success of bariatric surgery extends far beyond weight loss, with up to 80-90% of patients having improvement or resolution of many of their weight-related co-morbidities including type II diabetes mellitus and hypertension (Puzziferri et al...
February 17, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455221/perioperative-lumbar-drain-utilization-in-transsphenoidal-pituitary-resection
#18
Shatha Alharbi, Griffith Harsh, Abdulrazag Ajlan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate lumbar drain (LD) efficacy in transnasal resection of pituitary macroadenomas in preventing postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, technique safety, and effect on length of hospital stay. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective data review of pituitary tumor patients in our institution who underwent surgery between December 2006 and January 2013. All patients were operated on for complete surgical resection of pituitary macroadenoma tumors...
January 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455219/endoscopic-transsphenoidal-approach-to-skull-base-lesions-a-clinical-prospective-study
#19
Moneer K Faraj, Wissam J Sagban
OBJECTIVE: To review the patients operated by endoscopic transphenoidal approach for skull base lesions. All the clinical data including age, gender, type of pathology, surgical outcome and surgical complications were studied. METHODS: A clinical prospective study was conducted on 94 cases with skull base lesion that were treated in Neuroscience Hospital in Baghdad, Iraq between October 2011 and December 2016. We followed each patient for an average of 2 years after surgery to determine most common lesion involving the skull base, age and gender distribution, surgical outcome, complications and hospital accommodation...
January 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455215/stroke-and-seizure-continue-to-be-the-major-brunt-of-in-patient-neurology-care-an-observation-from-teaching-hospital
#20
Azra Zafar, Majed Alabdali, Rizwana Shahid, Danah Aljaafari, Fahd A Al-Khamis, Aishah I Albakr, Saima Nazish, Abdulla A Al-Sulaiman, Alon Abraham
OBJECTIVE: To assess the burden and describe the pattern of neurological disorders requiring admissions in a teaching hospital of Al Khobar. METHODS: This is a retrospective, cross sectional study, carried out in the Neurology Department of King Fahd Hospital of the University from January 2009 to December 2016. Neurological disorders were grouped as ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, transient ischemic attack, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, seizure disorders, central nervous system infection, multiple sclerosis, neuropathies, myopathies, headache, dementia and miscellaneous group...
January 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
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