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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913317/evaluation-of-knowledge-regarding-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-bangladeshi-study
#1
B Bhowmik, F Afsana, T Ahmed, T Siddiquee, T Ahmed, F Pathan, H Mahtab, A K A Khan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of knowledge about gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Bangladeshi people. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study involving 1374 participants was conducted in 15 outpatient clinics of Diabetic Association of Bangladesh and its affiliated associations, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University and four medical college hospitals in Bangladesh from August 2015 to December 2015...
June 15, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911964/potentially-preventable-hospital-and-emergency-department-events-lessons-from-a-large-innovation-project
#2
Leif I Solberg, Kris A Ohnsorg, Emily D Parker, Robert Ferguson, Sanne Magnan, Robin R Whitebird, Claire Neely, Emily Brandenfels, Mark D Williams, Mark Dreskin, Todd Hinnenkamp, Jeanette Y Ziegenfuss
INTRODUCTION: There are few proven strategies to reduce the frequency of potentially preventable hospitalizations and Emergency Department (ED) visits. To facilitate strategy development, we documented these events among complex patients and the factors that contribute to them in a large care-improvement initiative. METHODS: Observational study with retrospective audits and selective interviews by the patients' care managers among 12 diverse medical groups in California, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, and Washington that participated in an initiative to implement collaborative care for patients with both depression and either uncontrolled diabetes, uncontrolled hypertension, or both...
June 4, 2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911757/reduction-in-serum-triglyceride-levels-in-diabetic-patients-may-result-in-decreased-insulin-dependence-and-disease-regression
#3
Nadav Shinhar, Dana Marcoviciu, Dror Dicker
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a multifactorial disease in which genetic susceptibility and environmental factors induce pancreatic β-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance. Additional factors such as hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia have roles in β-cell dysfunction and disease progression. The phenomenon of lipid-induced pancreatic β-dysfunction, designated as lipotoxicity, has been observed in several in vitro and in vivo experiments; however, there is still no solid evidence for the occurrence of this event in humans...
June 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911033/association-between-glycemic-gap-and-adverse-outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients-with-diabetes
#4
Sandeep Donagaon, Mala Dharmalingam
Objectives: Glycemic excursions are commonly seen in patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and are related to adverse outcomes. Glycemic gap is a marker of this excursion in patients with diabetes. It can be used to predict adverse outcomes in patients with diabetes admitted to the ICU. It is calculated by subtracting A1C-derived average glucose (ADAG) = ([28.7 × HbA1c]-46.7) from plasma glucose at admission. Objective of this study was to correlate glycemic gap and adverse outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) admitted to the ICU...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911030/association-of-androgenetic-alopecia-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-case-control-study-on-100-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#5
K C Dharam Kumar, Yadalla Hari Kishan Kumar, Vivekananda Neladimmanahally
Background: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the most common cause of hair loss. Although it is a medically benign condition, it can have a significant psychosocial impact on patients. "Metabolic syndrome" (MetS) is a collection of clinical signs that focus on cardiovascular and diabetes-related parameters. Despite the high burden of AGA and MetS in India, specific data on the participants are relatively sparse. Aim of the Study: The aim of is to study the association of AGA with MetS and its parameters...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910577/status-of-f-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-uptake-in-normal-and-hibernating-myocardium-after-glucose-and-insulin-loading
#6
Ismet Sarikaya, A H Elgazzar, M A Alfeeli, P N Sharma, A Sarikaya
Objective: F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) has been increasingly used in myocardial viability imaging. In routine PET viability studies, oral glucose and intravenous insulin loading is commonly utilized. In an optimal study, glucose and insulin loading is expected to cause FDG uptake both in hibernating and normal myocardium. However, in routine studies it is not uncommon to see absent or reduced FDG uptake in normal myocardium. In this retrospective study we further analyzed our PET viability images to evaluate FDG uptake status in myocardium under the oral glucose and intravenous insulin loading protocol that we use in our hospital...
April 2018: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909936/association-of-smoking-status-with-mortality-and-hospitalization-in-hemodialysis-patients
#7
Nien-Chen Li, Ravi I Thadhani, Marta Reviriego-Mendoza, John W Larkin, Franklin W Maddux, Norma J Ofsthun
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: The relationship between tobacco smoking and comorbid condition outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) patients is not well understood. This study examined the association of tobacco smoking status with hospitalization and mortality in HD patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Adult HD patients at 2,223 US dialysis centers with HD vintage of 30 days or less who completed a tobacco smoking status survey as part of standard care between April 2013 and June 2015...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909468/a-high-incidence-and-coexistence-of-multiresistance-genes-cfr-and-optra-among-linezolid-resistant-enterococci-isolated-from-a-teaching-hospital-in-wenzhou-china
#8
Yizhi Zhang, Guofeng Dong, Jiahui Li, Lijiang Chen, Haiyang Liu, Wenzi Bi, Hong Lu, Tieli Zhou
Linezolid is considered as a last-resort antimicrobial agent, the resistance of which is of great concern. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms and transferability of linezolid resistance and molecular epidemiology of linezolid-resistant enterococcal isolates in Wenzhou, China. A collection of 1623 enterococcal strains, including 789 Enterococcus faecalis and 834 Enterococcus faecium, were isolated from our hospital during 2011-2016. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and clinical data analysis were performed...
June 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908070/prediabetes-and-diabetes-are-both-risk-factors-for-adverse-outcomes-in-infective-endocarditis
#9
X-B Wei, Y-H Liu, J-L Huang, X-L Chen, D-Q Yu, N Tan, J-Y Chen, P-C He
AIM: Diabetes is a risk factor in infective endocarditis. However, few studies have focused on the prognostic value of prediabetes in infective endocarditis. This analysis aimed to explore the relationship between prediabetes and outcomes for people with infective endocarditis. METHODS: Diabetes and prediabetes definitions were based on the American Diabetes Association 2014 criteria. A total of 866 people who had been consecutively diagnosed with infective endocarditis between January 2009 and July 2015 were included in the analysis...
June 16, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908054/a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial-in-behavioral-weight-management-for-underserved-postpartum-african-american-women-the-renew-study
#10
Priya P Joshi, Lisa M Quintiliani, Ashley C McCarthy, Ashley Gilmore, Mufaddal Mahesri, Lisa M Sullivan, Caroline M Apovian
We aimed to test the feasibility of an in-person behavioral weight-loss intervention for underserved postpartum African American women with overweight or obesity in an urban hospital setting. Participants were randomized to an intervention of a culturally tailored adaptation of the Diabetes Prevention Program or usual care. The primary outcome was program satisfaction. Women who completed the intervention reported higher levels of satisfaction with the program, despite low attendance rates at group meetings...
June 14, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907750/examining-the-associations-among-fibrocystic-breast-change-total-lean-mass-and-percent-body-fat
#11
Yuan-Yuei Chen, Wen-Hui Fang, Chung-Ching Wang, Tung-Wei Kao, Yaw-Wen Chang, Hui-Fang Yang, Chen-Jung Wu, Yu-Shan Sun, Wei-Liang Chen
Fibrocystic breast change (FBC) is extremely common and occurrs in 90% of women during their lives. The association between body composition and risk of breast cancer is well established. We hypothesized that the effect might exist during the development of FBC. Our aim was to examine the relationships of total lean mass (TLM) and percent body fat (PBF) with FBC in a general female population. In total, 8477 female subjects aged 20 years or older were enrolled in the study at the Tri-Service General Hospital in Taiwan from 2011 to 2016...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907325/the-association-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-with-fetal-birth-weight
#12
Yi Yang, Zhaopin Wang, Minjia Mo, Xiamusiye Muyiduli, Shuojia Wang, Minchao Li, Shuying Jiang, Yimin Wu, Bule Shao, Yu Shen, Yunxian Yu
AIMS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and different time-point glucose levels might have different effects on fetal birth weight. The aim of this study was to further evaluate the associations of GDM and different time-point blood glucose levels with fetal birth weight in a prospective cohort study. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted in Zhoushan Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Zhejiang, from August 2011 to May 2015. 1232 pairs of singleton, full-term newborns and their mothers without other pregnant and perinatal complications were selected as participants...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907148/a-case-of-metaplastic-atrophic-gastritis-in-immune-dysregulation-polyendocrinopathy-enteropathy-x-linked-ipex-syndrome
#13
Youyou Luo, Jie Chen, Youhong Fang, Jingan Lou, Jindan Yu
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune metaplastic atrophic gastritis is a chronic progressive inflammatory condition. The clinical spectrum includes pernicious anemia, atrophic gastritis, antibodies to parietal cell antigens and intrinsic factor, achlorhydria, hypergastrinemia and carcinoma. It is rare in paediatric cohorts. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a boy with metaplastic atrophic gastritis in whom immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked(IPEX) syndrome was confirmed by FOXP3 gene mutation...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906034/schmidt%C3%A2-s-syndrome-a-difficult-diagnosis-in-the-latin-american-context
#14
Claudia Barreda-Velit, Rodrigo Salcedo-Pereda, Jesús Ticona
Background: Schmidt’s syndrome, also known as poliglandular autoimmune syndrome type 2, is a rare disease that has a prevalence between 1.5-4.5 cases per 100 000 inhabitants. The diagnosis consists in the concomitant presentation of Addison disease, autoimmune thyroid disease and other autoimmune endocrinological conditions. The aim of this paper is to describe a case of Schmidt’s syndrome in the peruvian context and to analyze the difficulties in the diagnosis. Clinical case: We present the case of a 43-year-old woman that presents to the emergency room with headache, nausea, vomits and a “syncope episode”...
March 2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905557/suspected-environmental-and-socio-economic-causes-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-associated-ocular-complications-in-the-sumy-region-ukraine-for-the-period-of-2011-2016
#15
S Lekishvili, B Chayen, S Chayen
The aim of the study was to compare and research: the general prevalence of DM in the Sumy region compared with the prevalence of DM in the whole of Ukraine during the years 2011-2016; the prevalence of ocular complications of diabetes and their tendency to progress in Ukraine and Sumy region over this period; various demographical traits of the prevalence of ocular complications of diabetes and the dependence of prevalence of ocular complications of diabetes upon environmental causes and various socio-economic factors...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905519/development-and-validation-of-a-predictive-model-for-90-day-readmission-following-elective-spine-surgery
#16
Scott L Parker, Ahilan Sivaganesan, Silky Chotai, Matthew J McGirt, Anthony L Asher, Clinton J Devin
OBJECTIVE Hospital readmissions lead to a significant increase in the total cost of care in patients undergoing elective spine surgery. Understanding factors associated with an increased risk of postoperative readmission could facilitate a reduction in such occurrences. The aims of this study were to develop and validate a predictive model for 90-day hospital readmission following elective spine surgery. METHODS All patients undergoing elective spine surgery for degenerative disease were enrolled in a prospective longitudinal registry...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904613/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-pain-in-association-with-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Mohammad J Alkhatatbeh, Khalid K Abdul-Razzak, Lubna Q Khasawneh, Nesreen A Saadeh
The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in association with 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels, anxiety, depression and neuropathy. A cross-sectional study was conducted involving a total of 124 T2DM patients. Musculoskeletal pain was determined by self-reporting of painful body sites. Pain intensity was assessed using a scale of 0-10. Anxiety and depression were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Neuropathy was assessed using the PainDETECT questionnaire...
June 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904609/does-a-hospital-diabetes-inpatient-service-reduce-blood-glucose-and-hba1c-levels-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Fergus William Gardiner, Ezekiel Uba Nwose, Phillip Taderera Bwititi, Judith Crockett, Lexin Wang
Background: Diabetes education is believed to bring about sustained benefits in diabetes mellitus (DM) patient outcomes. These benefits have not been widely studied in an inpatient hospital setting, and as such the aim was to determine whether a hospital diabetes in-service, and specifically diabetes education, results in reduced blood glucose and HbA1c levels after hospital discharge. Methods and materials: A cohort review was performed at a large teaching hospital, in Canberra, Australia...
February 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903786/comorbidities-and-the-use-of-comedications-in-people-living-with-hiv-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study-using-a-hospital-claims-database
#19
Daniel J Ruzicka, Kentaro Imai, Kenichi Takahashi, Toshio Naito
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of chronic comorbidities and the use of comedications in people living with HIV (PLWH) and on antiretrovirals in Japan, by using a hospital claims database. DESIGN: Observational, retrospective, cross-sectional study. SETTING: A hospital claims database of Japanese hospitals that have advanced medical treatment capabilities (ie, advanced treatment hospitals, general hospitals, acute care hospitals), which include those providing acute and chronic care (excluding nursing homes or hospices)...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903667/-the-most-common-stopp-start-criteria-in-spain-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
Esther Salgueiro, Bryana Candelaria Elizarde, Ana Isabel Elola, Beatriz García-Pulido, María Luisa Nicieza-García, Gloria Manso
OBJECTIVE: To analyse STOPP/START criteria found most frequently in the studies carried out in Spain, in order to identify the main areas of potentially inappropriate prescribing. METHODS: A literature review was carried out on the original studies performed in Spain that applied the original version of the STOPP/START criteria and that described the most common STOPP and/or START criteria found. In each study, a weighted analysis was performed on the criteria found, by assigning 5 points to the criterion in first position, 4 points to the criterion in second position, and so on to fifth criterion...
June 11, 2018: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
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