keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

emergency diagnosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922487/pcr-based-detection-of-a-fumigatus-and-absence-of-azole-resistance-due-to-tr34-l98h-in-a-french-multicenter-cohort-of-137-patients-with-fungal-rhinosinusitis
#1
Florent Morio, Eric Dannaoui, Taieb Chouaki, Estelle Cateau, Olivier Malard, Pierre Bonfils, Cyril Page, Xavier Dufour, Claire Cottrel, Tamic Erwan, Rose-Anne Lavergne, Patrice Le Pape
BACKGROUND: Fungal rhinosinusitis has a worldwide distribution, comprises distinct clinical entities but is mostly due to Aspergillus among which A. fumigatus plays a major role in European countries. Although, there is accumulating evidence for the emergence of environmentally acquired-azole resistance in A. fumigatus (such as TR34 /L98H) in various clinical settings, there is few data for patients with fungal rhinosinusitis. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of A...
September 18, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922208/patient-centered-outcome-spectrum-an-evidence-based-framework-to-aid-in-shared-decision-making
#2
Angela M Ingraham, Suresh K Agarwal, Hee Soo Jung, Amy E Liepert, Ann P O'Rourke, John E Scarborough
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to develop an alternate construct for reporting anticipated outcomes after emergency general surgery (EGS) that presents risk in terms of a composite measure. BACKGROUND: Currently available prediction tools generate risk outputs for discrete as opposed to composite measures of postoperative outcomes. A construct to synthesize multiple discrete estimates into a global understanding of a patient's likely postoperative health status is lacking and could augment shared decision-making conversations...
September 15, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922052/applications-of-emerging-transmission-electron-microscopy-technology-in-pcd-research-and-diagnosis
#3
Amelia Shoemark
Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD) is a heterogeneous genetic condition characterized by dysfunction of motile cilia. Patients suffer from chronic infection and inflammation of the upper and lower respiratory tract. Diagnosis of PCD is confirmed by identification of a hallmark defect of ciliary ultrastructure or by identification of biallelic pathogenic mutations in a known PCD gene. Since the first description of PCD in 1976, assessment of ciliary ultrastructure by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) has been central to diagnosis and research...
September 18, 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921763/implementation-and-preliminary-clinical-outcomes-of-a-pharmacist-managed-venous-thromboembolism-clinic-for-patients-treated-with-rivaroxaban-post-emergency-department-discharge
#4
Baely M DiRenzo, Daren M Beam, Jeffrey A Kline, Karishma S Deodhar, Christina M Davis, Zachary A Weber, Todd A Walroth
OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation, work flow, and differences in outcomes between a pharmacist-managed clinic for the outpatient treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) using rivaroxaban versus care by a primary care provider. INTERVENTIONS: Patients in the studied health system that are diagnosed with low-risk VTE in the emergency department are often discharged without hospital admission. These patients are treated with rivaroxban and follow up either in a pharmacist-managed VTE clinic or with their primary care provider...
September 16, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921573/contralateral-breast-cancers-independent-cancers-or-metastases
#5
Colin B Begg, Irina Ostrovnaya, Felipe C Geyer, Anastasios D Papanastasiou, Charlotte Ky Ng, Rita Sakr, Jonine L Bernstein, Kathleen A Burke, Tari A King, Salvatore Piscuoglio, Audrey Mauguen, Irene Orlow, Britta Weigelt, Venkatraman E Seshan, Monica Morrow, Jorge S Reis-Filho
A cancer in the contralateral breast in a woman with a previous or synchronous breast cancer is typically considered to be an independent primary tumor. Emerging evidence suggests that in a small subset of these cases the second tumor represents a metastasis. We sought to investigate the issue using massively parallel sequencing targeting 254 genes recurrently mutated in breast cancer. We examined the tumor archives at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center for the period 1995-2006 to identify cases of contralateral breast cancer where surgery for both tumors was performed at the Center...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921535/genome-wide-host-rna-signatures-of-infectious-diseases-discovery-and-clinical-translation
#6
REVIEW
Harriet D Gliddon, Jethro A Herberg, Michael Levin, Myrsini Kaforou
The use of whole blood gene expression to derive diagnostic biomarkers capable of distinguishing between phenotypically similar diseases holds great promise but remains a challenge. Differential gene expression analysis is used to identify the key genes that undergo changes in expression relative to healthy individuals, as well as to patients with other diseases. These key genes can act as diagnostic, prognostic and predictive markers of disease. Gene expression 'signatures' in the blood hold potential to be used for the diagnosis of infectious diseases, where current diagnostics are unreliable, ineffective or of limited potential...
September 16, 2017: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920524/remotely-supported-prehospital-ultrasound-a-feasibility-study-of-real-time-image-transmission-and-expert-guidance-to-aid-diagnosis-in-remote-and-rural-communities
#7
Leila Eadie, John Mulhern, Luke Regan, Alasdair Mort, Helen Shannon, Ashish Macaden, Philip Wilson
Introduction Our aim is to expedite prehospital assessment of remote and rural patients using remotely-supported ultrasound and satellite/cellular communications. In this paradigm, paramedics are remotely-supported ultrasound operators, guided by hospital-based specialists, to record images before receiving diagnostic advice. Technology can support users in areas with little access to medical imaging and suboptimal communications coverage by connecting to multiple cellular networks and/or satellites to stream live ultrasound and audio-video...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920034/the-use-of-intraoperative-transesophageal-echocardiography-in-thoracic-aortic-dissection-due-to-chronic-cocaine-abuse
#8
Ali Dabbagh, Mohammad Kazem Arabnia, Mahnoosh Foroughi, Mehran Shahzamani, Hassan Rahmian
INTRODUCTION: Aortic dissection is a life threatening disease and is usually accompanied by a high rate of mortality and morbidity. Here we present a case report in which intraoperative tranesophageal echocardiography was used for intraoperative assessments of thoracic aortic dissection due to cocaine abuse. CASE PRESENTATION: A 45- year- old male was admitted to a university hospital due to severe chest pain. He was suffering from severe excruciating chest pain that had started after a psychological stress, leading to heavy cocaine abuse...
February 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919849/interhemispheric-resting-state-functional-connectivity-predicts-severity-of-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#9
Yousuke Ogata, Akihiko Ozaki, Miho Ota, Yurie Oka, Namiko Nishida, Hayato Tabu, Noriko Sato, Takashi Hanakawa
Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is characterized by a clinical triad (gait disturbance, dementia, and urinary incontinence), and by radiological findings of enlarged ventricles reflecting disturbance of central spinal fluid circulation. A diagnosis of iNPH is sometimes challenging, and the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the clinical symptoms of iNPH remain largely unknown. Here, we used an emerging MRI technique, resting-state functional connectivity MRI (rsfcMRI), to develop a subsidiary diagnostic technique and to explore the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of iNPH...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919833/conventional-culture-versus-nucleic-acid-amplification-tests-for-screening-of-urethral-neisseria-gonorrhea-infection-among-asymptomatic-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#10
Jiratha Budkaew, Bandit Chumworathayi, Chamsai Pientong, Tipaya Ekalaksananan
BACKGROUND: Many methods are used to detect urethral Neisseria gonorrhea (NG) infection among asymptomatic men who have sex with men (MSM). The objective of this study was to define the performance of conventional culture compared to real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for diagnosis of asymptomatic urethral gonorrhea among MSM. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 147 clinical specimens for NG testing from asymptomatic participants were evaluated. MSM >18 years old who consented to undergo urethral swab and collection of urine samples from two clinics (one was the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) mobile clinic and the second was the antiretroviral clinic) located in Khon Kaen, Thailand, were recruited...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919630/deep-vein-thrombosis-in-a-post-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-patient-successful-conservative-management
#11
S H Sarker, A K Miraj, M A Hossain, M Aftabuddin
Deep vein thrombosis is an alarming medical emergency. Deep vein thrombosis or deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is the formation of a blood clot (thrombus) within a deep vein predominantly in the legs. Post-Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting deep vein thrombosis is a very rare medical condition relatively in Asian. Approximately 80% of deep vein thrombosis (DVTs) is clinically asymptomatic, 20% of those that actually demonstrate signs and symptoms can be easily confused with symptoms of other commonly presenting musculoskeletal disorders...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919590/a-study-of-the-discussions-on-psychiatry-of-korea-in-the-1960s-and-1970s-from-mental-hygiene-to-modern-psychiatry
#12
Ji-Yeon Im
This study is to review the emergence of new psychiatrists, scientific rationalization, and popular internalization to reorganize the formation process of modern psychological medicine system. Unlike eugenic psychiatry from the Japanese Colonial Era, the social conditions and contexts forming autonomous system of psychiatry of Korea in the 1960s and 1970s have been concentrated. The discussion approach has been tried to secure two perspectives-treatment and criticism-at the same time and to expand the time and scope of study through the extensive texts such as newspapers, magazines, books, advertisements, and others in the 1960s and 1970s...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919484/lung-cancer-epigenetics-from-knowledge-to-applications
#13
REVIEW
Michaël Duruisseaux, Manel Esteller
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Advances in our understanding of the genomics of lung cancer have led to substantial progress in the treatment of specific molecular subsets. Immunotherapy also emerges as a major breakthrough in lung cancer treatment. However, challenges remain as a consensual approach for early lung cancer detection remains elusive while primary or secondary drug resistance eventually leads to treatment failure in all patients with advanced disease. Furthermore, a large portion of patients are still treated with conventional chemotherapy that is only modestly effective...
September 14, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919224/clinical-factors-associated-with-the-yield-of-routine-outpatient-scalp-electroencephalograms-a-retrospective-analysis-from-a-tertiary-hospital
#14
Mastura Monif, Udaya Seneviratne
The routine outpatient electroencephalogram (EEG) is most often used in the diagnosis and classification of epilepsy. The diagnostic yield of outpatient EEGs is low and the clinical factors contributing to the EEG outcome have not been well established. In this study, we sought to determine the yield and the factors predicting the EEG outcome. We retrospectively analyzed 1092 routine adult EEGs that were performed in a tertiary referral center over a period of 1year. Patient demographics, sources of referral, and indications for EEG were recorded...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919208/genetics-of-clubfoot-recent-progress-and-future-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Sulman Basit, Khalid I Khoshhal
Clubfoot or talipes equinovarus (TEV) is an inborn three-dimensional deformity of leg, ankle and foot. It results from structural defects of several tissues of foot and lower leg leading to abnormal positioning of foot and ankle joints. TEV can lead to long-lasting functional disability, malformation and discomfort if left untreated. Substantial progress has been achieved in the management and diagnosis of limb defects; however, not much is known about the molecular players and signalling pathways underlying TEV disorder...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918967/accuracy-of-bedside-point-of-care-testing-in-critical-emergency-department-patients
#16
Braden W McIntosh, Jerina Vasek, Maria Taylor, Deborah Le Blanc, Henry C Thode, Adam J Singer
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care (POC) testing reduces laboratory turn-around having the potential to improve timely diagnosis and management. We compared the accuracy of nurse performed POC and core laboratory testing and determined whether deviations between the two were clinically meaningful. METHODS: We performed a prospective, observational study on a convenience sample of 50 critical care ED patients in whom a POC chemistry and hematocrit was ordered. Blood samples were divided into 2 aliquots; one sample was tested by the treating nurse using a handheld POC device and the other sample was tested in the core laboratory...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918344/accesses-for-alcohol-intoxication-to-the-emergency-department-and-the-risk-of-re-hospitalization-an-observational-retrospective-study
#17
Maurizio Baldassarre, Fabio Caputo, Raimondo Maria Pavarin, Matteo Massimo Bossi, Maria Elena Bonavita, Paolo Caraceni, Alice Grignaschi, Mimosa Balloni, Mario Cavazza, Mauro Bernardi, Marco Domenicali
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorders (AUD) are a frequent cause of admission to emergency departments (EDs) for acute alcohol intoxication (AAI). Patients with AUD present a higher risk of readmission to EDs for AAI than the general population, however, the distinction between sporadic AAI and AAI in the context of AUD in the ED setting is difficult. AIMS: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of patients admitted to EDs because of AAI and to identify factors associated with repeated admissions in order to develop a risk stratification system for patients with AUD based on objective data that can be easily applied in an ED setting...
September 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918335/modern-diagnosis-of-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension
#18
Aileen Kharat, Anne-Lise Hachulla, Stéphane Noble, Frédéric Lador
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) should be suspected in patients presenting persistent dyspnea three months after a pulmonary embolism or in patients presenting with acute pulmonary embolism and suggestive images on the CT-scan. For these patients, a specific diagnostic work-up should be performed. First step consists of the ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) scan which is a good screening test due to its high sensitivity and high negative predictive value. Pulmonary angiography remains the gold standard approach for the confirmation of the diagnosis and pre-surgical evaluation of CTEPH...
September 9, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918127/clinical-laboratory-and-virological-data-from-suspected-zikv-patients-in-an-endemic-arbovirus-area
#19
Tatiana Elias Colombo, Cássia Fernanda Estofolete, Andréia Francesli Negri Reis, Natal Santos da Silva, Morgana Lima Aguiar, Eliana Márcia Sotello Cabrera, Izalco Nuremberg Penha Dos Santos, Fabiana Rodrigues Costa, Lilian Elisa Arão Antônio Cruz, Patrícia Lopes Rombola, Ana Carolina Bernardes Terzian, Maurício Lacerda Nogueira
BACKGROUND: The emergence of Zika virus (ZIKV) presents new challenges to both clinicians and public health authorities. Overlapping clinical features between the diseases caused by ZIKV, dengue (DENV) and chikungunya (CHIKV) and the lack of validated serological assays for ZIKV make accurate diagnosis difficult. Brazilian authorities largely rely on clinical and epidemiological data for the epidemiological and clinical classifications of most ZIKV cases. OBJECTIVE: To report the laboratory and clinical profiles of patients diagnosed with Zika fever based only on clinical and epidemiological data...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918110/emergent-behaviors-in-rbcs-flows-in-micro-channels-using-digital-particle-image-velocimetry
#20
F Cairone, D Ortiz, P J Cabrales, M Intaglietta, M Bucolo
The key points in the design of microfluidic Lab-On-a-Chips for blood tests are the simplicity of the microfluidic chip geometry, the portability of the monitoring system and the ease on-chip integration of the data analysis procedure. The majority of those, recently designed, have been used for blood separation, however their introduction, also, for pathological conditions diagnosis would be important in different biomedical contexts. To overcome this lack is necessary to establish the relation between the RBCs flow and blood viscosity changes in micro-vessels...
September 13, 2017: Microvascular Research
keyword
keyword
75724
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"