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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815844/do-adult-mental-health-services-identify-child-abuse-and-neglect-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
John Read, David Harper, Ian Tucker, Angela Kennedy
Child abuse and neglect play a causal role in many mental health problems. Knowing whether users of mental health services were abused or neglected as children could be considered essential for developing comprehensive formulations and effective treatment plans. In the present study we report the findings of a systematic review, using independent searches of three databases designed to discover how often mental health staff find out whether their clients were abused or neglected as children. Twenty-one relevant studies were identified...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806608/differential-effects-of-childhood-trauma-subtypes-on-fatigue-and-physical-functioning-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#2
Maud De Venter, Jela Illegems, Rita Van Royen, Greta Moorkens, Bernard G C Sabbe, Filip Van Den Eede
OBJECTIVE: There is wide consensus that childhood trauma plays an important role in the aetiology of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). The current study examines the differential effects of childhood trauma subtypes on fatigue and physical functioning in individuals suffering from CFS. METHODS: Participants were 155 well-documented adult, predominantly female CFS patients receiving treatment at the outpatient treatment centre for CFS of the Antwerp University Hospital in Belgium...
July 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805695/infants-investigated-by-the-child-welfare-system-exploring-a-distinct-profile-of-risks-service-needs-and-referrals-for-support-in-ontario
#3
Joanne Filippelli, Barbara Fallon, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Nico Trocmé
The science of early childhood development underscores that maltreatment and other adversities experienced during infancy heightens the risk for poor developmental and socio-emotional outcomes. Referrals to supportive services by the child welfare system are particularly critical during infancy given the rapidity of brain development and infants' sensitivity to their environment. The main objectives of the current study are to: (1) examine age-specific differences in clinical and case characteristics; (2) determine the factors associated with the service referral decision involving infants; and (3) explore the types of services families have been referred to at the conclusion of a maltreatment-related investigation...
August 12, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805141/inhibited-attachment-disordered-behavior-in-institutionalized-preschool-children-links-with-early-and-current-relational-experiences
#4
Raquel Corval, Jay Belsky, Joana Baptista, Paula Oliveira, Ana Mesquita, Isabel Soares
Inhibited attachment disordered behavior (IADB) is characterized by difficulty in establishing an attachment relationship with a primary caregiver; is associated with persistent social and emotional problems; and is observed most frequently in contexts of pathological care such as institutional rearing. Here, we seek to enhance understanding of the conditions that give rise to IADB among institutionalized children by examining prior family experiences of neglect and deprivation and concurrent relational experiences at the institution...
August 14, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803432/quality-of-life-in-home-ventilated-children-and-their-families
#5
Rafael González, Amaya Bustinza, Sarah N Fernandez, Miriam García, Silvia Rodriguez, Ma Ángeles García-Teresa, Mirella Gaboli, Silvia García, Olaia Sardón, Diego García, Antonio Salcedo, Antonio Rodríguez, Ma Carmen Luna, Arturo Hernández, Catalina González, Alberto Medina, Estela Pérez, Alicia Callejón, Juan D Toledo, Mercedes Herranz, Jesús López-Herce
HMV (home mechanical ventilation) in children has increased over the last years. The aim of the study was to assess perceived quality of life (QOL) of these children and their families as well as the problems they face in their daily life.We performed a multicentric cross-sectional study using a semi-structured interview about the impact of HMV on families and an evaluation questionnaire about perceived QOL by the patient and their families (pediatric quality of life questionnaire (PedsQL4.0)). We studied 41 subjects (mean age 8...
August 12, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777981/childhood-trauma-dimensions-of-psychopathology-and-the-clinical-expression-of-bipolar-disorders-a-pathway-analysis
#6
B Etain, M Lajnef, C Henry, V Aubin, J M Azorin, F Bellivier, T Bougerol, P Courtet, S Gard, J P Kahn, C Passerieux, M Leboyer
BACKGROUND: This study aims at testing for paths from childhood abuse to clinical indicators of complexity in bipolar disorder (BD), through dimensions of affective dysregulation, impulsivity and hostility. METHOD: 485 euthymic patients with BD from the FACE-BD cohort were included from 2009 to 2014. We collect clinical indicators of complexity/severity: age and polarity at onset, suicide attempt, rapid cycling and substance misuse. Patients completed questionnaires to assess childhood emotional, sexual and physical abuses, affective lability, affect intensity, impulsivity, motor and attitudinal hostility...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769007/the-deletion-of-gpr40-ffar1-signaling-damages-maternal-care-and-emotional-function-in-female-mice
#7
Fuka Aizawa, Yoshihiro Ogaki, Natsuki Kyoya, Takashi Nishinaka, Kazuo Nakamoto, Takashi Kurihara, Akira Hirasawa, Atsuro Miyata, Shogo Tokuyama
The free fatty acid receptor 1 (GPR40/FFAR1) is activated by polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as docosahexaenoic acids (DHA). This receptor has been the focus of many studies regarding physiological functions of the central nervous system. PUFAs are essential for neuronal development and maintenance of neuronal function; thus, the decrease of PUFAs in the brain is closely related to the induction of psychiatric diseases associated with emotional disorder, such as anxiety, depression, and schizophrenia...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766396/preventing-and-alleviating-compassion-fatigue-through-self-care-an-educational-workshop-for-nurses
#8
Andrea Adimando
Though various authors have refined and described the concept of compassion fatigue (CF), the overarching features, predisposing factors, and potential consequences remain relatively consistent. Available literature demonstrates that caregivers caring for patients who are chronically ill and/or traumatized are at highest risk for developing CF. Potential consequences for unmitigated CF include physical, emotional, and work-related consequences, all of which can have negative effects on the quality and safety of care and degree of engagement with one's employer...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760077/mothers-experiences-of-coping-with-adolescent-substance-abuse-a-phenomenological-inquiry
#9
Candice Groenewald, Arvin Bhana
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Research shows that adolescent substance abuse significantly impacts on the lives of mothers. The stresses that mothers endure as a result of the adolescents' substance abuse prompt them to find ways to cope with these stressful experiences. This paper explores the coping responses of South African mothers whose adolescents have been admitted to treatment for alcohol or drug abuse. DESIGN AND METHOD: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) framework was adopted in this study using a multiple case study design...
August 1, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759782/intergenerational-associations-in-executive-function-between-mothers-and-children-in-the-context-of-risk
#10
Matthew H Kim, Lisa Shimomaeda, Ryan J Giuliano, Elizabeth A Skowron
Executive functioning (EF) is critical for school readiness and other important life skills. Previous investigations have often neglected the important influence of parental EF skills in shaping their own children's EF. This study attempted to replicate recent empirical work that has shown that maternal EF is positively related to child EF. An ecological theoretical framework was used to examine the maternal EF-child EF link in family environments characterized by significant risk and socioeconomic adversity...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759479/bipolar-disorder-and-early-emotional-trauma-a-critical-literature-review-on-indicators-of-prevalence-rates-and-clinical-outcomes
#11
Aline Limiéri Dualibe, Flávia L Osório
OBJECTIVES: We performed a systematic literature review to (1) evaluate the prevalence rates of early emotional trauma (EET) in patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and the impact of these traumas on the development of the disorder, and (2) integrate the findings of our review with those previously reported by Fisher and Hosang, Daruy-Filho and colleagues, and Maniglio. METHODS: The literature search was performed on PubMed, SciELO, and PsycINFO databases using the keywords bipolar disorder, early trauma, physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, maltreatment, adversity, and neglect...
July 29, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758771/childhood-trauma-and-distress-tolerance-in-a-trauma-exposed-acute-care-psychiatric-inpatient-sample
#12
Erin C Berenz, Anka A Vujanovic, Lance Rappaport, Salpi Kevorkian, R Emily Gonzalez, Nadia Chowdhury, Christina D Dutcher, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth S Kendler, Ananda B Amstadter
OBJECTIVE: Distress tolerance (DT; the perceived or actual ability to withstand negative internal states) has emerged as a promising transdiagnostic risk factor in clinically severe populations. However, little is known about etiological factors associated with the development of DT. We hypothesized that greater levels of childhood trauma would be associated with lower perceived and behavioral DT, beyond theoretically relevant covariates. METHOD: The current investigation evaluated several childhood trauma types (i...
July 31, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758705/coping-with-changes-and-uncertainty-a-qualitative-study-of-young-adult-cancer-patients-challenges-and-coping-strategies-during-treatment
#13
Nataskja-Elena Kersting Lie, Torill Marie Bogsnes Larsen, May Aasebø Hauken
Young adult cancer patients (YACPs), aged 18-35 years when diagnosed with cancer, are in a vulnerable transitioning period from adolescence to adulthood, where cancer adds a tremendous burden. However, YACPs' challenges and coping strategies are under-researched. The objective of this study was to explore what challenges YACP experience during their treatment, and what coping strategies they applied to them. We conducted a qualitative study with a phenomenological-hermeneutic design, including retrospective, semi-structured interviews of 16 YACPs who had undergone cancer treatment...
July 31, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758672/stress-sensitivity-as-a-putative-mechanism-linking-childhood-trauma-and-psychopathology-in-youth-s-daily-life
#14
C Rauschenberg, J van Os, D Cremers, M Goedhart, J N M Schieveld, U Reininghaus
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma (CT) is associated with a range of psychopathologies, including psychosis. However, evidence on underlying mechanisms remains limited. The study aimed to investigate whether CT impacts on youth mental health by modifying sensitivity to stress in daily life. METHOD: The experience sampling method (ESM) was used to measure momentary stress, negative affect and psychotic experiences in 99 adolescents and young adults (43 help-seeking service users, 16 siblings and 40 controls)...
July 31, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755869/maternal-exposure-to-childhood-maltreatment-and-risk-of-stillbirth
#15
Alexa A Freedman, Alison L Cammack, Jeff R Temple, Robert M Silver, Donald J Dudley, Barbara J Stoll, Michael W Varner, George R Saade, Deborah Conway, Robert L Goldenberg, Carol J Hogue
PURPOSE: To determine the association between maternal exposure to childhood maltreatment (CM) and risk of stillbirth (fetal death at or after 20 weeks' gestation). METHODS: Population-based case-control study from the Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network (SCRN) conducted in 2006-2008, and the follow-up study, SCRN-Outcomes after Study Index Stillbirth (SCRN-OASIS), conducted in 2009 in the United States. Cases (n = 133) included women who experienced a stillbirth, excluding stillbirths attributed to genetic/structural or umbilical cord abnormalities and intrapartum stillbirths...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752259/the-association-of-experience-of-violence-and-somatization-depression-and-alexithymia-a-sample-of-women-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms-in-turkey
#16
Dilek Anuk, Güler Bahadır
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between the levels of somatization, depression as well as alexithymia, and MUS in women going through violence experience in three contexts (childhood, adulthood, and both childhood and adulthood). The study was performed on 180 patients attending the Internal Medicine Department of Istanbul University Medical Faculty. The data of women with MUS (n = 50) were compared those of women with acute physical conditions (n = 46) and chronic physical conditions (n = 84)...
July 27, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739482/brain-responses-to-40-hz-binaural-beat-and-effects-on-emotion-and-memory
#17
Nantawachara Jirakittayakorn, Yodchanan Wongsawat
Gamma oscillation plays a role in binding process or sensory integration, a process by which several brain areas beside primary cortex are activated for higher perception of the received stimulus. Beta oscillation is also involved in interpreting received stimulus and occurs following gamma oscillation, and this process is known as gamma-to-beta transition, a process for neglecting unnecessary stimuli in surrounding environment. Gamma oscillation also associates with cognitive functions, memory and emotion...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736884/direct-and-indirect-pathways-from-adverse-childhood-experiences-to-high-school-dropout-among-high-risk-adolescents
#18
Anne S Morrow, Miguel T Villodas
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with an increased risk for school dropout. This study examined pathways from childhood adversity to school dropout through academic, behavioral, emotional, and social pathways. Data were collected prospectively from 728 adolescents and their caregivers who participated in the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect and from child protective services records. Path analyses revealed a direct association between ACEs and dropout, as well as indirect effects through poor reading achievement and elevated externalizing problems...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729755/social-cognition-deficits-current-position-and-future-directions-for-neuropsychological-interventions-in-cerebrovascular-disease
#19
REVIEW
Progress Njomboro
Neuropsychological assessments of cognitive dysfunction in cerebrovascular illness commonly target basic cognitive functions involving aspects of memory, attention, language, praxis, and number processing. Here, I highlight the clinical importance of often-neglected social cognition functions. These functions recruit a widely distributed neural network, making them vulnerable in most cerebrovascular diseases. Sociocognitive deficits underlie most of the problematic social conduct observed in patients and are associated with more negative clinical outcomes (compared to nonsocial cognitive deficits)...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727662/paraphilic-thoughts-behaviors-and-sex-addiction-in-a-sample-of-persons-who-use-drugs-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Jales Clemente, Sandra Cristina Pillon, Jair de Jesus Mari, Claudio Jeronimo da Silva, Paulo Roberto Henrique Santana, Alessandra Diehl
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of paraphilic thoughts/behaviors (including paraphilic disorders) with and without sexual addiction and sexual-related conditions in a sample of substance disorder patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of substance-dependent individuals who sought outpatient treatment in São Paulo, Brazil. Data included sociodemographic information, drug of choice, responses to questions about sexual behavior, and to the following standardized questionnaires: (a) Sexual Addiction Screening Test, and (b) Childhood Trauma Questionnaire...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
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