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Emotional neglect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185670/the-relationship-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-males-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#1
Sarah Turner, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, Tracie O Afifi
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the associations between childhood sexual abuse (CSA), co-occurrence with other types of maltreatment and adult mental health outcomes, specifically among males. The objectives of this study were to: 1) determine the prevalence of males who have experienced a) childhood maltreatment without CSA; b) CSA without other forms of childhood maltreatment; and c) CSA along with other forms of childhood maltreatment; and 2) determine the relationship between CSA among males and mood, anxiety, substance and personality disorders and suicide attempts...
February 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167861/self-reported-childhood-maltreatment-and-traumatic-events-among-israeli-patients-suffering-from-fibromyalgia-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#2
Raneen Hellou, Winfried Häuser, Inbal Brenner, Dan Buskila, Giris Jacob, Ori Elkayam, Valerie Aloush, Jacob N Ablin
Objective. The association between Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) and childhood maltreatment and adversity has frequently been proposed but limited data exists regarding the transcultural nature of this association. Methods. 75 Israeli FMS patients and 23 Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients were compared. Childhood maltreatment was assessed by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and potential depressive and anxiety disorders were assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire-4. FMS severity was assessed by the Widespread Pain Index (WPI), the Symptom Severity Score (SSS), and the FIQ...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163690/mentalizing-makes-parenting-work-a-review-about-parental-reflective-functioning-and-clinical-interventions-to-improve-it
#3
REVIEW
Andrea Camoirano
In the last decade several studies have investigated the role of parental reflective functioning (RF), defined as the parental ability to understand his/her child's mental states, on the child's development. Herein, a narrative review on parental RF is presented aimed at (1) presenting an overview of the existing empirical studies, (2) pinpointing unrequited questions, and (3) identifying future research directions. Specifically, the current review focused on (a) the impact of parental RF on the quality of caregiving and the child's attachment security, (b) the effect of parental RF on the child's emotion regulation and the child's RF, (c) maternal RF in women with a history of neglect and abuse, (d) the efficacy of mentalization-based clinical interventions, and (e) the recently developed Parental Reflective Questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163396/schumpeter-s-picture-of-economic-and-political-institutions-in-the-light-of-a-cognitive-approach-to-human-behavior
#4
Massimo Egidi
Schumpeter's theory of democracy can be read through the lens of the cognitive approach to rationality. Schumpeter himself constructed his theory on the basis of his (neglected) conception of conscious rationality, which considers the process of thinking as composed of conscious/deliberate and unconscious/automatic components. The prevalence of the deliberate over the automatic component can occur in different degrees; as a consequence, individuals exhibit different levels of conscious rationality. Schumpeter makes clear that an essential attribute of democracy is its being a system of government capable of working notwithstanding a low degree of conscious rationality among its citizens...
2017: J Evol Econ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155317/the-pattern-and-correlates-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-in-kano-nigeria
#5
Tanko S Tanimu, Stephen Yohanna, Suleiman Y Omeiza
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been increasingly recognised as a major public health and human rights problem that cuts across all populations, irrespective of social, economic, religious or cultural groups. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence, pattern and correlates of IPV among women attending the General Out Patient Clinic of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. It was also designed to determine the pattern of health complications associated with IPV as well as the perception of women on intimate partner violence...
November 29, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149091/corpus-callosum-and-neglect-syndrome-clinical-findings-after-meningioma-removal-and-anatomical-review
#6
REVIEW
David Gomes, Madalena Fonseca, Maria Garrotes, Maria Rita Lima, Marta Mendonça, Mariana Pereira, Miguel Lourenço, Edson Oliveira, José Pedro Lavrador
Two types of neglect are described: hemispatial and motivational neglect syndromes. Neglect syndrome is a neurophysiologic condition characterized by a malfunction in one hemisphere of the brain, resulting in contralateral hemispatial neglect in the absence of sensory loss and the right parietal lobe lesion being the most common anatomical site leading to it. In motivational neglect, the less emotional input is considered from the neglected side where anterior cingulate cortex harbors the most frequent lesions...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132053/mechanisms-linking-interparental-aggression-to-child-dental-caries
#7
M F Lorber, D J N Maisson, A M S Slep, R E Heyman, M S Wolff
Research has garnered support for a systemic view of factors affecting child dental caries that accounts for the influence of social factors such as the family environment. Our previous work has demonstrated the association between mother-to-father emotional aggression and child caries. The present study builds on these results by evaluating pathways that might explain this relation. Families (n = 135) completed a multimethod assessment of mother-to-father emotional aggression, child caries, and several hypothesized mediators (i...
January 28, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122844/medically-unexplained-symptoms-and-general-practitioners-a-comprehensive-survey-about-their-attitudes-experiences-and-management-strategies
#8
Laura Sirri, Silvana Grandi, Eliana Tossani
BACKGROUND: Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are common in primary care and are one of the most challenging clinical encounters for general practitioners (GPs). OBJECTIVE: To assess GPs' clinical experience with MUS and its relationship with their gender, age and length of practice. METHODS: Four hundred and thirty-three Italian GPs were invited to complete a questionnaire encompassing the following MUS-related features: workload, cognitive and emotional responses, management strategies, attitudes towards psychological interventions, sources of education and educational needs...
January 24, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120138/health-beliefs-associated-with-the-follow-up-of-pap-smear-abnormalities-among-low-income-women-in-medell%C3%A3-n-colombia
#9
Isabel Cristina Garcés-Palacio, Sara Milena Ramos-Jaraba, Diana Carolina Rubio-León
The purpose of the study was to explore variables of the health belief model in relation to the follow-up of abnormal Pap smear among low-income women in Medellín, Colombia. Eight focus groups (62 women) were conducted according to age groups (25-45 and 46-69 years). The data were analyzed using content analysis. The participants perceived themselves as vulnerable, recognized the severity of the disease in terms of both its emotional and physical consequences, perceived the benefits of the follow-up, and mentioned cues to action, such as social support and the support of health entities...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103519/do-cognitive-schema-mediate-the-association-between-childhood-trauma-and-being-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis
#10
E Appiah-Kusi, H L Fisher, N Petros, R Wilson, V Mondelli, P A Garety, P Mcguire, S Bhattacharyya
Exposure to childhood trauma has been associated with psychotic symptoms, being at ultra-high risk for psychosis (UHR), and psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. Negative self-beliefs have been shown to partially mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and paranoia and have been shown to be characteristic of patients with psychosis. However, whether the association between childhood trauma and being at high risk of developing psychosis (e.g., UHR) and paranoia symptoms is mediated by altered cognitive schema is unknown and warrants investigation to inform preventive interventions...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096873/the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-suicidal-ideation-role-of-maltreatment-and-potential-mediators
#11
Yong-Chun Bahk, Seon-Kyeong Jang, Kee-Hong Choi, Seung-Hwan Lee
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma is recognized as an important risk factor in suicidal ideation, however it is not fully understood how the different types of childhood maltreatment influence suicidal ideation nor what variables mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and suicidal ideation. This study examined the path from childhood trauma to suicidal ideation, including potential mediators. METHODS: A sample of 211 healthy adults completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), Beck scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSI), Functional Social Support Questionnaire (FSSQ) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094432/maltreatment-associated-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-co-twin-control-analysis
#12
Lisa Dinkler, Sebastian Lundström, Ruchika Gajwani, Paul Lichtenstein, Christopher Gillberg, Helen Minnis
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment (CM) is strongly associated with psychiatric disorders in childhood and adulthood. Previous findings suggest that the association between CM and psychiatric disorders is partly causal and partly due to familial confounding, but few studies have investigated the mechanisms behind the association between CM and neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). Our objective was to determine whether maltreated children have an elevated number of NDDs and whether CM is a risk factor for an increased NDD 'load' and increased NDD symptoms when controlling for familial effects...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093220/increased-oxytocin-levels-among-abstinent-heroin-addicts-association-with-aggressiveness-psychiatric-symptoms-and-perceived-childhood-neglect
#13
Lidia M Gerra, Gilberto Gerra, Laura Mercolini, Matteo Manfredini, Lorenzo Somaini, Chiara M Pieri, Maina Antonioni, Michele Protti, Paolo Ossola, Carlo Marchesi
A disruption of the oxytocin system seems to affect a variety of brain functions including emotions, mood and social behavior possibly underlying severe social deficits and susceptibility for substance use and mental health disorders. Early life adversity, such as insecure attachment in childhood, has been suggested to influence oxytocin tone contributing to a condition of neurobiological vulnerability. Aim of the present study was to investigate oxytocin serum levels in abstinent heroin addicted patients, in comparison with healthy controls, and the possible correlation with co-occurring psychiatric symptoms, aggressiveness and perception of parental neglect...
January 16, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092192/do-i-feel-ill-because-i-crave-for-work-or-do-i-crave-for-work-because-i-feel-ill-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-work-craving-self-regulation-and-health
#14
Kamila Wojdylo, Wilhelm Karlsson, Nicola Baumann
Background The theory of work craving defines workaholism as a pathological work addiction which comprises: (a) obsessive-compulsive desire to work, (b) anticipation of self-worth compensatory incentives from working, (c) anticipation of reduction of negative emotions or withdrawal symptoms from working, and (d) neurotic perfectionism. Research has shown that workaholism is associated with adverse health outcomes. However, the antecedents of workaholism and the causal direction of the relationship with health have been largely neglected...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080123/treating-adult-survivors-of-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-a-new-framework
#15
Frances K Grossman, Joseph Spinazzola, Marla Zucker, Elizabeth Hopper
This article provides the outline of a new framework for treating adult survivors of childhood emotional abuse and neglect. Component-based psychotherapy (CBP) is an evidence-informed model that bridges, synthesizes, and expands upon several existing schools, or theories, of treatment for adult survivors of traumatic stress. These include approaches to therapy that stem from more classic traditions in psychology, such as psychoanalysis, to more modern approaches including those informed by feminist thought...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045904/the-value-of-a-checklist-for-child-abuse-in-out-of-hours-primary-care-to-screen-or-not-to-screen
#16
Maartje Cm Schouten, Henk F van Stel, Theo Jm Verheij, Michiel L Houben, Ingrid Mb Russel, Edward Es Nieuwenhuis, Elise M van de Putte
OBJECTIVES: To assess the diagnostic value of the screening instrument SPUTOVAMO-R2 (checklist, 5 questions) for child abuse at Out-of-hours Primary Care locations (OPC), by comparing the test outcome with information from Child Protection Services (CPS). Secondary, to determine whether reducing the length of the checklist compromises diagnostic value. METHODS: All children (<18 years) attending one of the participating OPCs in the region of Utrecht, the Netherlands, in a year time, were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039757/height-deficit-in-early-adulthood-following-substantiated-childhood-maltreatment-a-birth-cohort-study
#17
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
Early life stress including childhood maltreatment has been associated with reduced head circumference and/or brain size, cognitive, and academic deficits in children and adolescents. However, little is known about the effect of childhood maltreatment on height, especially in early adulthood. This study was designed to examine the association between confirmed cases of multiple or subtypes of childhood maltreatment and stunted growth in young adulthood controlling for perinatal and familial confounding factors...
December 28, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036102/assessments-carried-out-by-a-child-abuse-and-neglect-team-in-an-amsterdam-teaching-hospital-led-to-interventions-in-most-of-the-reported-cases
#18
Arianne H Teeuw, Tessa Sieswerda-Hoogendoorn, Daniel Aaftink, Ilsa A V Burgers, Thekla F Vrolijk-Bosschaart, Sonja N Brilleslijper-Kater, Hugo S A Heymans, Rick R van Rijn
AIM: This study described cases of child abuse and neglect (CAN) that were reported to the multi-agency CAN team at the Emma Children's Hospital in Amsterdam and the resulting interventions. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of all cases that were reported to the CAN team from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2012. RESULTS: There were 27 prenatal cases, 92 referrals based on parental characteristics and 523 children. Overall, 1.2% of the children visiting the emergency department of our hospital, attending the outpatients department or being admitted were reported to the team...
December 30, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027464/risk-factors-for-child-maltreatment-in-an-australian-population-based-birth-cohort
#19
James C Doidge, Daryl J Higgins, Paul Delfabbro, Leonie Segal
Child maltreatment and other adverse childhood experiences adversely influence population health and socioeconomic outcomes. Knowledge of the risk factors for child maltreatment can be used to identify children at risk and may represent opportunities for prevention. We examined a range of possible child, parent and family risk factors for child maltreatment in a prospective 27-year population-based birth cohort of 2443 Australians. Physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, neglect and witnessing of domestic violence were recorded retrospectively in early adulthood...
December 25, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026977/adverse-childhood-experiences-predict-alcohol-consumption-patterns-among-kenyan-mothers
#20
Michael L Goodman, Astrid Grouls, Catherine X Chen, Philip H Keiser, Stanley Gitari
OBJECTIVE: We analyze whether adverse childhood experiences predict weekly alcohol consumption patterns of Kenyan mothers and their partners. METHOD: Randomly selected respondents (n = 1,976) were asked about adverse childhood experiences and alcohol consumption patterns for themselves and their partners. Fixed effect models were used to determine odds of reporting weekly alcohol consumption and the number of beverages typically consumed, controlling for wealth, age, education, and partner alcohol consumption...
December 27, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
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