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Emotional neglect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465354/self-reported-childhood-maltreatment-lifelong-traumatic-events-and-mental-disorders-in-american-and-israeli-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#1
Rona Merdler-Rabinowicz, Ayal Hassidim, Raneen Hellou, Ilan Merdler, Winfried Hauser, Jacob N Ablin
OBJECTIVES: Psychological stress is thought to play a major role in the development and exacerbation of autoimmune diseases in general, as well as in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in particular. The aims of the current study are to compare retrospective self-reports of childhood maltreatment and lifetime major life/traumatic experiences of American and Israeli RA patients, using standardised instruments, while adjusting for concomitant mental disorders and psychological distress, in order to rule out their part in the subjective reports, thus addressing the trans-cultural robustness of the association between childhood maltreatment, traumatic experiences and RA...
February 15, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439616/physical-abuse-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-and-childhood-behavior-problems-a-meta-analysis-of-studies-in-mainland-china
#2
Naixue Cui, Jianghong Liu
The relationship between three types of child maltreatment, including physical abuse, emotional abuse and neglect, and childhood behavior problems in Mainland China, has not been systematically examined. This meta-analysis reviewed findings from 42 studies conducted in 98,749 children in Mainland China and analyzed the pooled effect sizes of the associations between child maltreatment and childhood behavior problems, heterogeneity in study findings, and publication bias. In addition, this study explored cross-study similarities/differences by comparing the pooled estimates with findings from five existing meta-analyses...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428881/childhood-adversity-increases-the-risk-of-onward-transmission-from-perinatal-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-youth-in-south-africa
#3
Rachel Kidman, Sharon Nachman, Janan Dietrich, Afaaf Liberty, Avy Violari
Repeated exposure to childhood adversity (abuse, neglect and other traumas experienced before age 18) can have lifelong impacts on health. For HIV-infected adolescents and youth, such impacts may include onward transmission of HIV. To evaluate this possibility, the current study measured the burden of childhood adversity and its influence on risky health behaviors among perinatally-infected adolescents and youth. We surveyed 250 perinatally-infected adolescents and youth (13-24 years) receiving care in Soweto, South Africa...
February 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428814/profiles-of-childhood-adversities-in-pathological-gamblers-a-latent-class-analysis
#4
Annett Lotzin, Mehmet Ulas, Sven Buth, Sascha Milin, Jens Kalke, Ingo Schäfer
Despite of high rates of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in pathological gamblers, researchers have rarely studied which types of ACEs often co-occur and how these profiles of ACEs are related to current psychopathology. We aimed to identify profiles of ACEs in pathological gamblers and examined how these profiles were related to gambling-related characteristics and current general psychopathology. In 329 current or lifetime pathological gamblers, diagnosed with the Composite Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV, 10 types of ACEs were measured using the Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire...
February 2, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423279/physiotherapy-for-people-with-mental-health-problems-in-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Michel Probst, James Mugisha
Background: There is a need for psychosocial interventions to address the escalating mental health burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Physiotherapists could have a central role in reducing the burden and facilitating recovery within the multidisciplinary care of people with mental health problems. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the role of physiotherapists within the current mental health policies of SSA countries and to explore the current research evidence for physiotherapy to improve functional outcomes in people with mental health problems in SSA...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422927/mediating-effect-of-resilience-on-the-association-between-emotional-neglect-and-depressive-symptoms
#6
Sang Won Lee, Geum Ye Bae, Hyo-Deog Rim, Seung Jae Lee, Sung Man Chang, Byung-Soo Kim, Seunghee Won
Objective: Previous studies have reported that childhood maltreatment experiences could induce biological and psychological vulnerability in depressive disorders. However, it is still unclear that type-specific effects of childhood maltreatment on psychological resilience, depressive symptoms and interactions among childhood maltreatment experiences, resilience, and depressive symptoms. Methods: A total of 438 medical students were included in the study. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form, the Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory were used for measuring childhood maltreatment experiences, psychological resilience, and depressive symptoms, respectively...
January 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411233/applying-attention-restoration-theory-to-understand-and-address-clergy-s-need-to-restore-cognitive-capacity
#7
Chelsea Gill, Jan Packer, Roy Ballantyne
Attention Restoration Theory is applied to explore the causes and consequences of mental fatigue in clergy and suggest practical interventions to restore cognitive wellbeing. Previous research has investigated the physical and emotional health and wellbeing of clergy, but has largely neglected clergy cognitive wellbeing. Due to the demanding nature of their work, clergy are particularly susceptible to mental fatigue and depletion of their capacity to maintain attention. Symptoms include inability to focus attention, inhibit distractions, make decisions or solve problems...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407745/steps-toward-understanding-the-impact-of-early-emotional-experiences-on-disordered-eating-the-role-of-self-criticism-shame-and-body-image-shame
#8
Ana Carolina Gois, Cláudia Ferreira, Ana Laura Mendes
In research, it has been suggested that early threatening emotional experiences, characterized by abuse, rejection, neglect or absence of affiliative signals may activate maladaptive defensive responses. Further, several studies have emphasised the association between the recall of early emotional experiences and eating psychopathology. However, this relationship does not seem to be direct. Thus, the current study explored the mediator roles of self-criticism and shame (general and body image-focused shame) in the link between early emotional experiences and the engagement in disordered eating, while controlling for the effect of body mass index...
January 29, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407536/differential-associations-between-patterns-of-child-maltreatment-and-comorbidity-in-adult-depressed-patients
#9
Jeannette Brodbeck, Eva Fassbinder, Ulrich Schweiger, Antje Fehr, Christina Späth, Jan Philipp Klein
BACKGROUND: Types of maltreatment often co-occur and it is unclear how maltreatment patterns impact on comorbidity in depressed patients. METHODS: We analysed associations of maltreatment patterns with a broad range of comorbidities assessed with diagnostic interviews in 311 treatment-seeking depressed outpatients. RESULTS: Latent class analyses identified a "no maltreatment class" (39%), a "mild to moderate abuse and neglect class" (34%), a "severe abuse and neglect class" (14%) and a "severe neglect class" (13%)...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400150/does-educational-success-mitigate-the-effect-of-child-maltreatment-on-later-offending-patterns
#10
Hyunzee Jung, Todd I Herrenkohl, Martie L Skinner, Ashley N Rousson
Analyses examined offending patterns during adolescence and adulthood and their relation to child maltreatment subtypes and education factors measured during adolescence and adulthood. A total of 356 participants were followed from preschool to adulthood in a prospective longitudinal study. Child maltreatment subtypes include physical-emotional abuse, sexual abuse, and neglect. Offending patterns were analyzed as latent classes of (a) chronic offending, (b) desistence, and (c) stable low-level or non-offending...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390995/a-self-harm-series-and-its-relationship-with-childhood-adversity-among-adolescents-in-mainland-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Azhu Han, Gengfu Wang, Geng Xu, Puyu Su
BACKGROUND: Self-harm (SH) is an emerging problem among Chinese adolescents. The present study aimed to measure the prevalence of SH behaviours and to explore the relationship between childhood adversity and different SH subtypes among Chinese adolescents. METHODS: A total of 5726 middle school students were randomly selected in three cities of Anhui province, China, using a stratified cluster sampling method. SH was categorized into five subtypes (highly lethal self-harm, less lethal self-harm with visible tissue damage, self-harm without visible tissue damage, self-harmful behaviours with latency damage and psychological self-harm)...
February 1, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380089/young-adult-retrospective-reports-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-prevalence-of-physical-emotional-and-sexual-abuse-in-italy
#12
Laura Elvira Prino, Claudio Longobardi, Michele Settanni
This study sought to understand the prevalence of childhood abuse in Italy using an instrument developed by the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) and adapted to the Italian context. The study participants were 312 young adults, 106 males (34%), and 206 females (64%), aged 18-24 years, from various northwest Italian universities and workplaces, using an ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool retrospective questionnaire (ICAST-R). With reference to comparative data from other countries, the Italian context reveals a high incidence of emotional abuse (62%) followed by physical abuse (44%) and sexual abuse (18%)...
January 29, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366448/nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-adolescents
#13
Paul L Plener, Michael Kaess, Christian Schmahl, Stefan Pollak, Jörg M Fegert, Rebecca C Brown
BACKGROUND: 25-35% of adolescents in random samples drawn from German schools have been found to have manifested at least one episode of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). The prevalence in samples from child and adolescent psychiatric clinics is approximately 50%. NSSI can arise as a symptom in the setting of various types of mental illness. METHODS: This review is based on a selective literature search carried out in the PubMed, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library databases, with special consideration of regional study samples...
January 19, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365106/psychosocial-adversity-and-socioeconomic-position-during-childhood-and-epigenetic-age-analysis-of-two-prospective-cohort-studies
#14
Rebecca B Lawn, Emma L Anderson, Matthew Suderman, Andrew J Simpkin, Tom R Gaunt, Andrew E Teschendorff, Martin Widschwendter, Rebecca Hardy, Diana Kuh, Caroline L Relton, Laura D Howe
Psychosocial adversity in childhood (e.g. abuse) and low socioeconomic position (SEP) can have significant lasting effects on social and health outcomes. DNA methylation-based biomarkers are highly correlated with chronological age; departures of methylation-predicted age from chronological age can be used to define a measure of age acceleration, which may represent a potential biological mechanism linking environmental exposures to later health outcomes. Using data from two cohorts of women (the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, ALSPAC, N = 989 and MRC National Survey of Health and Development, NSHD, N = 773), we assessed associations of SEP, psychosocial adversity in childhood (parental physical or mental illness or death, parental separation, parental absence, sub-optimal maternal bonding, sexual, emotional and physical abuse and neglect) and a cumulative score of these psychosocial adversity measures, with DNA methylation age acceleration in adulthood (measured in peripheral blood at mean chronological ages 29 and 47 in ALSPAC and buccal cells at age 53 in NSHD)...
January 22, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363550/bereaved-caregivers-of-patients-with-high-grade-glioma-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Karin Piil, Sara Nordentoft, Anders Larsen, Mary Jarden
OBJECTIVE: Caregivers to patients with primary malignant brain tumours neglect their own physical and emotional needs during the disease trajectory. The aim of the systematic review was to explore how informal caregivers of patients with primary malignant brain tumour (high-grade glioma (HGG)) experience and manage their life situation after the death of the patient. METHODS: A systematic literature search was carried out in December 2016 and revised in September 2017...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360052/the-impact-of-affective-temperaments-on-clinical-and-functional-outcome-of-bipolar-i-patients-that-initiated-or-changed-pharmacological-treatment-for-mania
#16
G Perugi, D Cesari, G Vannucchi, G Maccariello, M Barbuti, A De Bartolomeis, A Fagiolini, G Maina
BACKGROUND: Affective temperaments have been shown to impact on the clinical manifestations and the course of bipolar disorder. We investigated their influence on clinical features and functional outcome of manic episode. METHOD: In a naturalistic, multicenter, national study, a sample of 194 BD I patients that initated or changed pharmacological treatment for DSM-IV-TR manic episode underwent a comprehensive evaluation including briefTEMPS-M, CTQ, YMRS, MADRS, FAST, and CGI-BP...
January 19, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347895/-childhood-experiences-of-adolescents-in-boarding-schools-a-comparison-with-adolescents-in-residential-care-and-with-the-general-population
#17
Thea Rau, Jeannine Ohlert, Jörg M Fegert, Sabine Andresen, Andrea Pohling, Marc Allroggen
Childhood Experiences of Adolescents in Boarding Schools. A Comparison with Adolescents in Residential Care and with the General Population Various studies indicate that students in boarding schools experience a lot of violence during their accommodation. However, it is not proved whether adolescents in boarding schools are also a burdensome group regarding early childhood experiences such as neglect and abuse. The aim of the study was to find out more about the experiences of adolescents in boarding schools and to determine whether there are differences between adolescents in residential care and between the general population...
January 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347894/-gender-specific-differences-in-the-degree-of-burden-on-children-and-adolescents-taken-into-custody
#18
Stefan Rücker, Peter Büttner, Norbert Karpinski, Franz Petermann, Jörg M Fegert
Gender-specific Differences in the Degree of Burden on Children and Adolescents Taken into Custody Children and adolescents who were taken into care are a high-risk group for mental disorders such as externalizing problems or conduct disorders. 95 children and adolescents who were taken into care were tested with the Screening Child Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument 2 (MAYSI-2). In a large proportion of those children and adolescents emotional and physical neglect and abuse was identified...
January 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340998/on-pacing-trials-while-scanning-brain-hemodynamics-the-case-of-the-snarc-effect
#19
Sabrina Brigadoi, Sara Basso Moro, Roberta Falchi, Simone Cutini, Roberto Dell'Acqua
Experimental designs used to describe psychological effects on overt human behavior are seldom suited to localize their corresponding neural substrates based on the analysis of stimulus-evoked brain hemodynamic responses. This is because stimuli in behavioral studies are usually separated by intertrial intervals (ITIs) in the order of 1 second or so following a behavioral response, which is notoriously too brief a time to detect a corresponding hemodynamic response. In fact, a solution commonly adopted in neuroimaging studies is to prolong the ITI up to several seconds...
January 16, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330007/lost-connections-oxytocin-and-the-neural-physiological-and-behavioral-consequences-of-disrupted-relationships
#20
REVIEW
Tobias T Pohl, Larry J Young, Oliver J Bosch
In humans and rodent animal models, the brain oxytocin system is paramount for facilitating social bonds, from the formation and consequences of early-life parent-infant bonds to adult pair bond relationships. In social species, oxytocin also mediates the positive effects of healthy social bonds on the partners' well-being. However, new evidence suggests that the negative consequences of early neglect or partner loss may be mediated by disruptions in the oxytocin system as well. With a focus on oxytocin and its receptor, we review studies from humans and animal models, i...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
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