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Mohamed Saiyad Musthafa, Syed Mohideen Asgari, Amitha Kurian, Elumalai Preetham, Abdul Rahman Jawahar Ali, Bilal Ahmad Paray, Mohammad K Al-Sadoon
The impact of Mucuna pruriens (L.) seed meal diet on growth performance, innate immune response, and disease resistance in Oreochromis mossambicus against Aeromonas hydrophila is reported for the first time. Infected O. mossambicus was fed with 2 g kg-1 , 4 g kg-1 , and 6 g kg-1 of M. pruriens seed meal diets significantly increased initial body weight (IBW) and final body weight (FBW) over control, for a period of 4 weeks. At 4 g kg-1 and 6 g kg-1 the enriched diet significantly (P < 0.05) enhanced the survival rate, weight gain (WG), protein efficiency ratio (PER), specific growth rate (SGR), feed conversion ratio (FCR), and feed efficiency (FE) when compared to the control; besides, from weeks 2-4 these diets significantly (P < 0...
February 16, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Pengcheng Peng, Hui Huang, Hongqiang Ren
This study aims to explore the potential of low-concentration of rhamnolipid in efficient treatment of wastewater with poor biodegradability. Six lab-scale moving bed biofilm reactors (MBBRs) were applied to investigate the effect of rhamnolipid concentration (0, 20, 50 mg/L) on pollutants removal, biomass accumulation, microbial morphology and community evolution in synthetic low C/N ratio (3:1) and antibiotic (50 μg/L tetracycline) wastewater. 20 mg/L rhamnolipid treated groups exhibited significant increase (p < 0...
February 8, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Hazem Ramadan, Nermin Ibrahim, Mohamed Samir, Amany Abd El-Moaty, Tamer Gad
AIMS: Aeromonas hydrophila (A. hydrophila) has been isolated from various fish species in Egypt and is known to carry virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes, which pose risk for public health. The aim of the present study is to report, for the first time, the infection of mullet (Mugil cephalus) with A. hydrophila and to clarify the potential association between antimicrobial resistance and virulence traits encoded in A. hydrophila. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, the occurrence of A...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Yanting Zhao, Xu-Xiang Zhang, Zhonghua Zhao, Cuilan Duan, Huangen Chen, Miaomiao Wang, Hongqiang Ren, Ying Yin, Lin Ye
Antibiotic resistance disseminating from animals and their environments is a public issue that poses significant threats to human health. In the present study, the diversity and abundance of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in 15 samples from the guts and related aquaculture environments (water and sediment) of shrimp were investigated. In total, 60 ARGs, 102 ARGs and 67 ARGs primarily belonging to 13, 15 and 15 different types were detected in the shrimp gut, pond water and sediment samples, respectively...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Ruijing Geng, Han Liu, Weimin Wang
Ribonucleases ( Rnases ) 2 and Rnase3 belong to the ribonuclease A (RnaseA) superfamily. Apart from their role in molecular evolutionary and functional biological studies, these genes have also been studied in the context of defense against pathogen infection in mammals. However, expression patterns, structures and response to bacterial infection of the two genes in blunt snout bream ( Megalobrama amblycephala ) remain unknown. In this study, we identified multiple copies of Rnase2 (six) and Rnase3 (three) in the M...
February 14, 2018: Genes
Ruijun Li, Xianyu Zhang, Chuan Yang, Shigen Ye, Hua Li, Qiang Li
Edwardsiella Ictaluri is known as the etiological agent of enteric septicaemia of channel catfish, causing heavy economic losses in the aquaculture industry. In this study, a colloidal gold-based immunochromatography assay (GICA) was developed for rapid detection of E. ictaluri. Briefly, monoclonal antibody (MAbs) and polyclonal antibody (PAbs) against E. ictaluri were prepared. Sensitivity of MAbs and PAbs to E. ictaluri was analyzed by Dot ELISA. Mouse MAb5D11 against E. ictaluri was conjugated with the 20 nm colloidal gold particles as the detector...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Supram Hosuru Subramanya, Vasudha Pai, Indira Bairy, Niranjan Nayak, Shishir Gokhale, Brijesh Sathian
OBJECTIVE: Raw vegetables including flowers, leaves, stems, and roots are important carriers of food borne pathogens. We evaluated the bacteriological contamination of unwashed coriander leaves, and effectiveness of cleansing with 0.1% potassium permanganate solution as decontamination method. RESULTS: Significant bacterial contamination including pathogens like Salmonella species and Aeromonas species were isolated from unwashed coriander leaves. Decontamination with 0...
February 13, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Maria Botou, Panayiota Lazou, Konstantinos Papakostas, George Lambrinidis, Thomas Evangelidis, Emmanuel Mikros, Stathis Frillingos
The uracil permease UraA of Escherichia coli is a structurally known prototype for the ubiquitous Nucleobase-Ascorbate Transporter (NAT) or Nucleobase-Cation Symporter-2 (NCS2) family and represents a well defined subgroup of bacterial homologs that remain functionally unstudied. Here, we analyze four of these homologs, including RutG of E. coli which shares 35% identity with UraA and is encoded in the catabolic rut (pyrimidine utilization) operon. Using amplified expression in E. coli K-12, we show that RutG is a high-affinity permease for uracil, thymine and, at low efficiency, xanthine, and recognizes also 5-fluorouracil and oxypurinol...
February 13, 2018: Molecular Microbiology
Daleniece Higgins, Chandan Pal, Irshad M Sulaiman, Chunrong Jia, Tyler Zerwekh, Scot E Dowd, Pratik Banerjee
With the advent of high-throughput sequencing technologies, it is possible to comprehensively analyze the microbial community of foods without culturing them in the laboratory. The estimation of all microbes inhabiting a food commodity (food microbiota) therefore may shed light on the microbial quality and safety of foods. In this study, we utilized high-throughput pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA genes as well as traditional microbiological methods to evaluate the bacterial diversity and the predicted metabolic pathways associated with the bacterial communities of selected foods (romaine lettuce, cabbage, deli meat, and chicken legs, total 200 samples) procured from small and large retail outlets located in Memphis-Shelby County, Tennessee, USA...
March 2018: Food Research International
Kyle J Hovey, Emily M Seiter, Erin E Johnson, Ralph A Saporito
Most amphibians produce their own defensive chemicals; however, poison frogs sequester their alkaloid-based defenses from dietary arthropods. Alkaloids function as a defense against predators, and certain types appear to inhibit microbial growth. Alkaloid defenses vary considerably among populations of poison frogs, reflecting geographic differences in availability of dietary arthropods. Consequently, environmentally driven differences in frog defenses may have significant implications regarding their protection against pathogens...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Chemical Ecology
Abhishek Varshney, Manmath Das, Priyanka Chaudhary, Rashmi Kumari, Kusha Yadav
We report a case of a 55-year-old female who presented with pain, redness, and profound visual loss in her right eye 2 weeks after cataract surgery. An ophthalmic examination showed light perception vision, corneal edema with severe anterior chamber reaction and hypopyon, exudative membranes on the anterior lens surface, and dense vitreous exudates. Under the impression of acute postoperative exogenous endophthalmitis, immediate pars plana vitrectomy with culture of vitreous aspirate and intravitreal antibiotic injections were performed...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Yuying Sun, Jiquan Zhang, Jianhai Xiang
Chitin deacetylase (CDA, EC, belonging to a family of extracellular chitin-modifying enzymes, can catalyze the deacetylation of chitin. In this study, the full-length cDNA sequence encoding chitin deacetylase 1 (EcCDA1) was obtained from the Exopalaemon carinicauda. The complete nucleotide sequence of EcCDA1 contained a 1611 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding EcCDA1 precursor of 536 amino acids. The domain architecture of the deduced EcCDA1 protein contained a signal peptide, a chitin-binding peritrophin-A domain (ChtBD2), a low-density lipoprotein receptor class A domain (LDLa) and a Polysacc_deac_1 domain...
February 5, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Sabrina Hossain, Benthotage Chamara Jayasankha De Silva, Sudu Hakuruge Madusha Pramud Wimalasena, Hansani Nilupama Kumari Senarath Pathirana, Pasan Sepala Dahanayake, Gang-Joon Heo
Aeromonas spp. are opportunistic pathogens related to multiple infectious diseases in ornamental fishes. In the present study, the antimicrobial susceptibility, resistance genes, and integrons of 65 goldfish-borne Aeromonas spp. were evaluated. The isolates were identified as A. hydrophila (n = 30), A. veronii (n = 32), and A. punctata (n = 3) by gyrB sequencing. The antimicrobial susceptibility testing of the isolates designated that most of the isolates were resistant to amoxicillin (100.00%), nalidixic acid (100...
February 8, 2018: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Xin-Lei Gao, Ming-Fei Shao, Qing Wang, Li-Tao Wang, Wen-Yan Fang, Feng Ouyang, Ji Li
Clinically relevant antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in bioaerosols have become a greater threat to public health. However, few reports have shown that ARB and ARGs were found in the atmosphere. High-throughput sequencing applied to environmental sciences has enhanced the exploration of microbial populations in atmospheric samples. Thus, five nosocomial bioaerosols were collected, and the dominant microbial and pathogenic microorganisms were identified by high-throughput sequencing in this study...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Shiliang Jia, Xiaochang Liu, Zhan Huang, Yan Li, Longteng Zhang, Yongkang Luo
This study evaluated the effects of chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) on the changes in quality and microbiota of silver carp fillets stored at 4 °C. During storage, 1% (w/v) COS treated samples maintained good quality, as evidenced by retarding sensory deterioration, inhibiting microbial growth, attenuating the production of total volatile basic nitrogen, putrescine, cadaverine and hypoxanthine, and delaying degradation of inosine monophosphate and hypoxanthine ribonucleotide. Meanwhile, variability in the predominant microbiota in different samples was investigated by culture-dependent and -independent methods...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Sundaram Jawahar, Adil Nafar, Bilal Ahmad Paray, Mohammad K Al-Sadoon, Chellam Balasundaram, Ramasamy Harikrishnan
The effect of Sodium Bentonite (SB) enriched diet on growth performance, innate immune response, and disease resistance in stinging catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis against Aeromonas hydrophila is reported. The infected fish fed with 5% SB had the maximum weight gain diet (PWG %) and specific growth rate (SGR %) were 26% and 29% when compared to 14% and 17% with 10% diet. Similarly the phagocytic activity increased significantly when infected fish were fed with 5% or 10% SB diets during the experimental period; the complement, respiratory burst and lysozyme activities were also significantly enhanced on weeks 2 and 4...
January 30, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Chuanjie Qin, Quan Gong, Zhengyong Wen, Dengyue Yuan, Ting Shao, Huatao Li
Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) is an important pathogen recognition receptor (PRR) that recognizes the flagellin protein of pathogenic bacteria and plays a fundamental role in activating the innate immune response. In this study, full-length pvTLR5m (membrane) and pvTLR5s (soluble) genes were cloned from darkbarbel catfish Pelteobagrus vachellii, and their expression and that of downstream genes were analyzed following exposure to the Aeromonas hydrophila pathogen. The 3009 bp pvTLR5m cDNA includes a 2652 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding 884 amino acids...
February 2, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Valérie Cornet, Abderrahim Ouaach, S N M Mandiki, Enora Flamion, Aline Ferain, Mélusine Van Larebeke, Benjamin Lemaire, Felipe E Reyes López, Lluis Tort, Yvan Larondelle, Patrick Kestemont
Nutrition is crucial to grow healthy fish particularly in a context of pollution, overcrowding and pathogen risks. Nowadays, the search for food components able to improve fish health is increasingly developing. Here, the influence of four dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that are alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3n-3), linoleic acid (LA, 18:2n-6), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) on the sensitivity of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) juveniles to environmentally realistic cadmium (Cd, 0...
February 1, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
Mohammad Bodrul Munir, Roshada Hashim, Siti Azizah Mohd Nor, Terence L Marsh
This study examined the effect of dietary prebiotics and probiotics after 16 weeks, followed by 8 weeks of post feeding trial with the control unsupplemented diet on haematological and immune response against Aeromonas hydrophila infection in Channa striata fingerlings. Fish were raised on a 40% protein and 12% lipid feed containing three commercial prebiotics (β-glucan, GOS or galacto-oligosaccharide, MOS or mannan-oligosaccharide); and two probiotics- (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Lactobacillus acidophilus), respectively and a control...
February 3, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Raquel B Ariede, Milena V Freitas, Milene E Hata, Vito A Mastrochirico-Filho, Fabiana Pilarski, Sergio R Batlouni, Fábio Porto-Foresti, Diogo T Hashimoto
Tambaqui, Colossoma macropomum, is the main native fish species produced in Brazil, and is an important species for genetic improvement in aquaculture. In addition, breeding studies on this species can be optimized with the use of molecular markers associated with productive phenotypes. The objective of the present study was to test the performance of growth traits and resistance to the bacteria, Aeromonas hydrophila, in association with microsatellite markers in C. macropomum. In this study, three full-sib families were subjected to bacterial challenge and morphometric growth assessments...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
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