Read by QxMD icon Read

stress appraisal

Georgi Iskrov, Tsonka Miteva-Katrandzhieva, Rumen Stefanov
BACKGROUND: Limited resources and expanding expectations push all countries and types of health systems to adopt new approaches in priority setting and resources allocation. Despite best efforts, it is difficult to reconcile all competing interests, and trade-offs are inevitable. This is why multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) has played a major role in recent uptake of value-based reimbursement. MCDA framework enables exploration of stakeholders' preferences, as well as explicit organization of broad range of criteria on which real-world decisions are made...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Zheng Zheng, Simeng Gu, Yu Lei, Shanshan Lu, Wei Wang, Yang Li, Fushun Wang
"Safety first," we say these words almost every day, but we all take this for granted for what Maslow proposed in his famous theory of Hierarchy of Needs: safety needs come second to physiological needs. Here we propose that safety needs come before physiological needs. Safety needs are personal security, financial security, and health and well-being, which are more fundamental than physiological needs. Safety worrying is the major reason for mental disorders, such as anxiety, phobia, depression, and PTSD. The neural basis for safety is amygdala, LC/NE system, and corticotrophin-releasing hormone system, which can be regarded as a "safety circuitry," whose major behavior function is "fight or flight" and "fear and anger" emotions...
2016: Neural Plasticity
Kristin W Samuelson, Alisa Bartel, Racquel Valadez, Joshua T Jordan
Objective: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with mild neurocognitive deficits, yet clients often complain of cognitive problems that exceed what their objective performance demonstrates. In addition, PTSD is associated with negative appraisals about the self, traumatic event, and one's ability to cope. This study examined posttraumatic cognitions as a moderator, and trauma coping self-efficacy as a mediator, of the relationship between PTSD symptoms and self-report of cognitive problems. Method: A sample of 268 trauma-exposed adults completed the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5, the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory, the Trauma Coping Self-Efficacy Scale, the Cognitive Self-Report Questionnaire, and the Quality of Life Scale...
October 13, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Shirish Dattatraya Yande, Omkar Vinay Joglekar, Maya Joshi
INTRODUCTION: Role of urodynamics prior to surgery of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is under constant debate. Demonstration of the presence of detrusor overactivity is the only aspect that has been emphasized in the literature so far. We believe that there are number of other factors which may influence the evaluation and in turn the choice of surgical management and prediction of outcome of treatment. They are as follows: (1) Presence of voiding inefficiency, (2) asymptomatic detrusor overactivity, (3) and severity of SUI...
July 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
Iris Pigeot, Tom Baranowski, Leslie Lytle, Wolfgang Ahrens
BACKGROUND: Despite careful planning and implementation, overweight/obesity prevention interventions in children and adolescents typically show no, inconsistent or merely weak effects. Such programs usually aim at behavior changes, rarely also at environmental changes, that draw upon conventional wisdom regarding the commonly accepted determinants of childhood overweight/obesity. OBJECTIVE: This paper evaluates the evidence base of the apparently overweight-/obesity-related determinants diet, physical activity and stress...
October 5, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Shiu-Yu C Katie Lee
The decision-making process that is used by cancer patients to determine their treatment has become more multi-foci, difficult and complicated in recent years. This has in part been attributed to the increasing incidence rate of cancer in Taiwan and the rapid development of medical technologies and treatment modalities. Oncology nurses must assist patients and family to make informed and value-based treatment decisions. Decision-making is an information process that involves appraising one's own expectation and values based on his/her knowledge on cancer and treatment options...
October 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Gary L Oates
This investigation-based on a three-wave national panel of Black and White Americans aged 64 or younger at wave one-gauges variation across races in the indirect, moderating, and direct effects of public and subjective religiosity on a latent physical health outcome comprising chronic illnesses, subjective health, and functional limitations. The multi-population LISREL model specifically addresses the mechanisms through which religiosity is typically presumed to indirectly foster health: enhancement of social support and self-appraisals, and suppression of stress-exposure and unhealthy habits...
June 2016: Review of Religious Research
S Manimaran, S Jeyakumar, K Bhagya Lakshmi
Education Management Information System (EMIS) is a widely acceptable and developing technology within the Information Technology field. The advancement in technology in this century is being collaborated with scientific invention or explorer and information strengthening or development. This paper presents the results and experiences gained from applying students oriented EMIS for monitoring and managing mental health. The Mental Health of students depends on the acquiring adequate knowledge on basic concepts within a time period or academic schedule...
September 23, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Christine Toye, Richard Parsons, Susan Slatyer, Samar M Aoun, Rachael Moorin, Rebecca Osseiran-Moisson, Keith D Hill
BACKGROUND: Hospital discharge of older people receiving care at home offers a salient opportunity to identify and address their family caregivers' self-identified support needs. OBJECTIVES: This study tested the hypothesis that the extent to which family caregivers of older people discharged home from hospital felt prepared to provide care at home would be positively influenced by their inclusion in the new Further Enabling Care at Home program. DESIGN: This single-blind randomised controlled trial compared outcomes from usual care alone with those from usual care plus the new program...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Alaa Shafie, Mingzhan Xue, Guy Barker, Daniel Zehnder, Paul J Thornalley, Naila Rabbani
Glyoxalase 1 (Glo1) is a cytoplasmic enzyme with a cytoprotective function linked to metabolism of the cytotoxic side-product of glycolysis, methylglyoxal. It prevents dicarbonyl stress - the abnormal accumulation of reactive dicarbonyl metabolites increasing protein and DNA damage. Increased Glo1 expression delays ageing and suppresses carcinogenesis, insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease and vascular complications of diabetes and renal failure. Surprisingly gene trapping by the International Mouse Knockout Consortium (IMKC) to generate putative Glo1 knockout mice produced a mouse line with phenotype characterised as normal and healthy...
September 26, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Alberta Engelbrecht, Laura Jobson
Appraisals are a key feature in understanding an individual's experience; this is especially important when the experience is a traumatic one. However, research is diminutive when looking at the interaction between trauma appraisals and culture in relation to posttraumatic stress disorder using qualitative methodologies. This study explored cultural differences in perceptions and appraisals of trauma using three qualitative focus groups with community members (n = 11) from collectivistic cultures who had experienced a traumatic event and three qualitative individual key informant interviews with mental health practitioners (n = 3) routinely working with trauma survivors...
2016: SpringerPlus
Laurence Conty, Nathalie George, Jari K Hietanen
The perception of direct gaze-that is, of another individual's gaze directed at the observer-is known to influence a wide range of cognitive processes and behaviors. We present a new theoretical proposal to provide a unified account of these effects. We argue that direct gaze first captures the beholder's attention and then triggers self-referential processing, i.e., a heightened processing of stimuli in relation with the self. Self-referential processing modulates incoming information processing and leads to the Watching Eyes effects, which we classify into four main categories: the enhancement of self-awareness, memory effects, the activation of pro-social behavior, and positive appraisals of others...
October 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
É Cappe, N Poirier, É Boujut, N Nader-Grosbois, C Dionne, A Boulard
INTRODUCTION: Autism and related disorders are grouped into the category of « Autism Spectrum Disorder » (ASD) in the DSM-5. This appellation reflects the idea of a dimensional representation of autism that combines symptoms and characteristics that vary in severity and intensity. Despite common characteristics, there are varying degrees in intensity and in the onset of symptoms, ranging from a disability that can be very heavy with a total lack of communication and major disorders associated with the existence of a relative autonomy associated, sometimes, with extraordinary intellectual abilities...
September 9, 2016: L'Encéphale
In-Young Choi, Phil Lee, Abbey J Hughes, Douglas R Denney, Sharon G Lynch
BACKGROUND: Increased oxidative stress leads to loss of glutathione (GSH). We have reported lower cerebral GSH in patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS), indicating the involvement of oxidative stress in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathophysiology. OBJECTIVE: This study expanded upon our earlier work by examining longitudinal changes in cerebral GSH in patients with SPMS in relation to their clinical status. METHODS: A total of 13 patients with SPMS (Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) = 4...
September 12, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Irina Lazarevich, María Esther Irigoyen Camacho, María Del Consuelo Velázquez-Alva, Marco Zepeda Zepeda
Depressive symptoms are often associated with obesity, and emotional eating may play a considerable role in weight gain. This study aimed to examine the association among depression symptoms, emotional eating, and body mass index (BMI) in Mexican college students; and to assess emotional eating as mediator between depressive symptoms and BMI. A total of 1453 students at a public university in Mexico City completed the scale Self-Efficacy in Emotion- and Stress- Related Eating of the Eating and Appraisal Due to Emotions and Stress Questionnaire (EADES) to assess emotional eating, and the scale created by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies (CES-D) to identify depressive symptoms...
September 13, 2016: Appetite
Sun Ah Park, Kyung Mi Sung
PURPOSE: The study was done to evaluate the effects a Stress Management Program (SMP) on stress, problem solving skills, and quality of life for hospitalized patients with Schizophrenia. METHODS: A mixed method design was used: a combination of a repeated-measure design with a non-equivalent control group and qualitative data collection. The participants were 40 patients with schizophrenia admitted in three psychiatric hospitals. The experimental group (n=20) received the SMP twice a week for a total of 8 weeks...
August 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
C Pellegrini, R Colucci, L Antonioli, E Barocelli, V Ballabeni, N Bernardini, C Blandizzi, W J de Jonge, M Fornai
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of digestive dysfunction in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) occur at all stages of the disease, often preceding the onset of central motor symptoms. On the basis of these PD-preceding symptoms it has been proposed that PD could initiate in the gut, and that the presence of alpha-synuclein aggregates, or Lewy bodies in the enteric nervous system might represent one of the earliest signs of the disease. Following this hypothesis, much research has been focused on the digestive tract to unravel the mechanisms underlying the onset and progression of PD, with particular attention to the role of alterations in enteric neurotransmission in the pathophysiology of intestinal motility disturbances...
September 9, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Kelsey N Dancause, Dima Mutran, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Sue Kildea, Helen Stapleton, David McIntyre, Suzanne King
Prenatal maternal stress can adversely affect birth outcomes, likely reflecting effects of maternal stress hormones on fetal development. Maternal stress might also induce behavioural changes, such as dietary change, that might influence fetal development. Few studies have documented relationships between stress and dietary change in pregnancy. We analysed stress and dietary change among 222 pregnant women exposed to the 2011 Queensland Floods. We assessed women's objective hardship, subjective distress and cognitive appraisal of the disaster; changes in their diets and their associations with infants' gestational age, weight, length and head circumference at birth, head circumference to birth length ratio (HC/BL) and ponderal index...
August 26, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Tyrone B Pretorius, Anita Padmanabhanunni, Jerome Campbell
OBJECTIVE: There is compelling evidence that a significant proportion of adolescents exposed to violence do not develop trauma-related symptoms, but adapt successfully. This differential vulnerability has propelled research into identifying factors that promote coping. This study focused on the role of fortitude in the relationship between violence and trauma-related symptoms among South African adolescents living in two low-income communities. Fortitude is derived from positive cognitive appraisals of the self, the family and external sources of support...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Ciara Close, Anne Kouvonen, Tania Bosqui, Kishan Patel, Dermot O'Reilly, Michael Donnelly
BACKGROUND: First generation migrants are reportedly at higher risk of mental ill-health compared to the settled population. This paper systematically reviews and synthesizes all reviews on the mental health of first generation migrants in order to appraise the risk factors for, and explain differences in, the mental health of this population. METHODS: Scientific databases were searched for systematic reviews (inception-November 2015) which provided quantitative data on the mental ill-health of first generation migrants and associated risk factors...
2016: Globalization and Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"