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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918323/group-psychotherapeutic-factors-and-perceived-social-support-among-veterans-with-ptsd-symptoms
#1
Daniel W Cox, Jess J Owen, John S Ogrodniczuk
One of the most potent protective factors against psychiatric symptoms after military trauma is perceived social support. Although group psychotherapy has been linked with increasing social support, no research has evaluated which therapeutic mechanisms are associated with this increase beyond symptom reduction. We investigated which interpersonal therapeutic factors were related to changes in social support, beyond posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom reduction. Participants were 117 veterans in a multimodal outpatient group psychotherapy treatment designed to reduce PTSD symptoms and interpersonal difficulties...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910751/recent-advances-in-pharmacotherapeutic-paradigm-of-mild-to-recalcitrant-atopic-dermatitis
#2
Zahid Hussain, Shariza Sahudin, Hnin Ei Thu, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Endang Kumolosasi
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic skin inflammatory disorder characterized by perivascular infiltration of immunoglobulin E (IgE), T lymphocytes, and mast cells. The key factors responsible for the pathophysiology of this disease are immunological disorders and defects in epidermal barrier properties. Pruritus, intense itching, psychological stress, deprived physical and mental performance, and sleep disturbance are the hallmark features of this dermatological disorder. Preventive interventions such as educational programs, avoidance of allergens, and exclusive care toward the skin could play a partial role in suppressing the symptoms...
2016: Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903667/experiences-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-adults-with-hypercapnic-respiratory-failure-a-review-of-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Hamadziripi Ngandu, Nichola Gale, Jane B Hopkinson
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has been shown to be beneficial for patients with respiratory failure; however, many patients fail to tolerate it and require other interventions. The objective of this thematic synthesis was to describe the nature of NIV experiences in adults with hypercapnic respiratory failure. A systematic, computerised literature search of English-language databases was undertaken with no restriction on date of publication. A total of 99 papers was identified and screened for eligibility from databases including CINAHL, Medline and PsycINFO, and some were hand searched...
December 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900749/-efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-peripheral-intravenous-access-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Chia-Chi Kuo, Chen-Yun Wu, I-Jung Feng, Wei-Jing Lee
BACKGROUND: Peripheral intravenous access is a common, invasive procedure that is performed in clinical practice. Difficult intravenous access may not only jeopardize patient safety but also increase staff stress, nursing hours, and material costs. PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy of ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous access in difficult intravenous-access patients and in the two subgroups of adult patients and pediatric patients using systematic review and meta-analysis...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894070/the-strategy-study-stress-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-versus-computed-tomography-coronary-angiography-for-the-management-of-symptomatic-revascularized-patients-resources-and-outcomes-impact
#5
Gianluca Pontone, Daniele Andreini, Andrea I Guaricci, Cristina Rota, Marco Guglielmo, Saima Mushtaq, Andrea Baggiano, Virginia Beltrama, Laura Fusini, Anna Solbiati, Chiara Segurini, Edoardo Conte, Paola Gripari, Andrea Annoni, Alberto Formenti, Maria Petulla', Federico Lombardi, Giuseppe Muscogiuri, Antonio L Bartorelli, Mauro Pepi
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography coronary angiography (cTCA) and stress cardiac magnetic resonance (stress-CMR) are suitable tools for diagnosing obstructive coronary artery disease in symptomatic patients with previous history of revascularization. However, performance appraisal of noninvasive tests must take in account the consequent diagnostic testing, invasive procedures, clinical outcomes, radiation exposure, and cumulative costs rather than their diagnostic accuracy only. We aimed to compare an anatomic (cTCA) versus a functional (stress-CMR) strategy in symptomatic patients with previous myocardial revascularization procedures...
October 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891237/the-impact-of-fire-suppression-tasks-on-firefighter-hydration-a-critical-review-with-consideration-of-the-utility-of-reported-hydration-measures
#6
REVIEW
Adam Walker, Rodney Pope, Robin Marc Orr
BACKGROUND: Firefighting is a highly stressful occupation with unique physical challenges, apparel and environments that increase the potential for dehydration. Dehydration leaves the firefighter at risk of harm to their health, safety and performance. The purpose of this review was to critically analyse the current literature investigating the impact of fighting 'live' fires on firefighter hydration. METHODS: A systematic search was performed of four electronic databases for relevant published studies investigating the impact of live fire suppression on firefighter hydration...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890107/an-analysis-of-causative-factors-in-closed-criminal-medical-malpractice-cases-of-the-taiwan-supreme-court-2000-2014
#7
Kuan-Han Wu, Shih-Yu Cheng, Yung-Lin Yen, Chien-Hung Wu, Ming-Ta Tsai, Fu-Jen Cheng
Most medical malpractice in Taiwan leads to criminal prosecution. This study examined the epidemiologic factors and clinical errors that led to medical malpractice convictions in Taiwanese criminal prosecutions. A retrospective, 15-year population-based review of criminal Supreme Court judgments pertaining to medical malpractice against physicians and nurses was conducted. Eighty-four cases were reviewed, yielding data that included the number and specialty involved, accused hospitals, the diagnosis, the time interval between incidents to closure, result of adjudication, the origin of cases (private vs...
November 2016: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889624/stress-and-anxiety-among-nursing-students-a-review-of-intervention-strategies-in-literature-between-2009-and-2015
#8
REVIEW
Katrina Turner, Valerie Lander McCarthy
Undergraduate nursing students experience significant stress and anxiety, inhibiting learning and increasing attrition. Twenty-six intervention studies were identified and evaluated, updating a previous systematic review which categorized interventions targeting: (1) stressors, (2) coping, or (3) appraisal. The majority of interventions in this review aimed to reduce numbers or intensity of stressors through curriculum development (12) or to improve students' coping skills (8). Two studies reported interventions using only cognitive reappraisal while three interventions combined reappraisal with other approaches...
November 12, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886389/meaningful-coping-with-chronic-pain-exploring-the-interplay-between-goal-violation-meaningful-coping-strategies-and-life-satisfaction-in-chronic-pain-patients
#9
Jessie Dezutter, Laura Dewitte, Evalyne Thauvoye, Siebrecht Vanhooren
Trying to cope with chronic pain is a highly demanding and challenging task and pain patients often need to reformulate goals or aspirations due to their pain condition. This goal violation is often related with experienced distress and requires coping processes in order to decrease the distress and stimulate a healthy adaptation. Some scholars, however, argued that in so-called unsolvable or irreparable stressors such as chronic pain, conventional coping strategies like problem-focused coping might not be the most adaptive option...
November 25, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881163/assessing-the-feasibility-of-a-web-based-domestic-violence-intervention-using-chronic-disease-frameworks-reducing-the-burden-of-treatment-and-promoting-capacity-for-action-in-women-abused-by-a-partner
#10
Laura Tarzia, Carl May, Kelsey Hegarty
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence shares many features with chronic disease, including ongoing physical and mental health problems and eroded self-efficacy. Given the challenges around help-seeking for women experiencing domestic violence, it is essential that they be given support to 'self-manage' their condition. The growing popularity of web-based applications for chronic disease self-management suggests that there may be opportunities to use them as an intervention strategy for women experiencing domestic violence, however, as yet, little is known about whether this might work in practice...
November 24, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879168/situation-criticality-and-basketball-officials-stress-levels
#11
Jason Ritchie, Itay Basevitch, Ryan Rodenberg, Gershon Tenenbaum
Officials are expected to perform impeccably despite the wide range of stressors they experience. A stressor that officials frequently report is situation criticality. Situation criticality is comprised of score differential (i.e., more pressure in close games) and time remaining in a game (i.e., more pressure as time expires), which affects athletes' stress levels. The present study explored the effect of situation criticality on officials' stress levels. High school basketball officials (n = 108) with an average of 18...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878938/the-impact-of-affiliate-stigma-on-the-psychological-well-being-of-mothers-of-children-with-specific-learning-disabilities-in-india-the-mediating-role-of-subjective-burden
#12
Gazal Banga, Subharati Ghosh
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the impact of affiliate stigma on the wellbeing of caregivers to children with specific learning disability (SLD) in India is limited. To fill in this gap in knowledge a cross-sectional quantitative study was undertaken to assess the impact of affiliate stigma on the psychological well-being of mothers with children with SLD in India, and test the mediating role of subjective burden, using an adapted version of Pearlin's stress and adaptation model. METHODS: Sample included 100 mothers of children with SLD...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872383/stress-appraisal-information-processing-strategies-and-somatic-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-with-immigrants
#13
Agnes Szabo, Colleen Ward, Garth J O Fletcher
The study investigated threat versus challenge appraisals of acculturative stressors and their impact on the changes in psychological symptoms. It also examined information processing styles (informational, normative, and diffuse-avoidant) as moderators of these relationships. A 6-month longitudinal study with two measuring points was conducted with a sample of immigrants. Threat appraisal was associated with more psychological symptoms, and challenge appraisal interacted with information processing styles to predict the changes in somatic symptoms...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862894/appraisal-of-transplant-related-stressors-coping-strategies-and-psychosocial-adjustment-following-kidney-transplantation
#14
Renato Pisanti, Caterina Lombardo, Aleksandra Luszczynska, Luca Poli, Linda Bennardi, Luca Giordanengo, Pasquale Bartolomeo Berloco, Cristiano Violani
This study examined the relations between appraisal of transplant-related stressors, coping, and adjustment dimensions following kidney transplantation (KT). Two models were tested: (1) the main effects model proposing that stress appraisal and coping strategies are directly associated with adjustment dimensions; and (2) the moderating model of stress proposing that each coping strategy interacts with stress appraisal. Importantly, there is a lack of research examining the two models simultaneously among recipients of solid organ transplantation...
November 9, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861484/-on-alexander-s-pneumothorax-a-critical-appraisal
#15
Guillermo Delgado-García, Miguel Ángel Villarreal-Alarcón, Bruno Estañol-Vidal
According to the testimony of Ptolemy, which we know through Arrian, it has been assumed that Alexander the Great suffered a pneumothorax during his campaign against the Malli. In general, this assumption has been interpreted as a historical fact in medical literature. We consulted the same sources and concluded that it is unlikely that Alexander's arrow wound had given him a pneumothorax. In addition, we stressed the extra-historical content of classical sources.
November 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859723/how-stressors-are-dynamically-appraised-within-a-team-during-a-game-an-exploratory-study-in-basketball
#16
J Doron, J Bourbousson
Little is known about how team sport athletes individually and collectively experience sources of stress during competitive sport encounters. This study aimed to examine the nature of the stressors team sport athletes appraised during games at individual and team levels, as well as their degree of synchronization during an unfolding game. Through individual self-confrontation interviews, the activities of nine basketball players of the same team were examined in detail. The results revealed that 12 categories of stressors were reported, and categorized into two larger units reflecting stressors perceived as affecting (a) "the team functioning as a whole" and (b) "a player's own functioning"...
November 18, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848886/liposomes-for-pulmonary-drug-delivery-the-role-of-formulation-and-inhalation-device-design
#17
Abdelbary Elhissi
Liposomes are established drug carriers for inhalation owing to their safety and ability to provide controlled drug release in the lung. These carriers can entrap a wide range of therapeutic molecules for delivery in large volumes to the peripheral airways using medical nebulizers. Pressurized metered inhalers (pMDIs), soft mist inhalers (SMIs) and dry powder inhalers (DPIs) can deliver relatively small quantities of medication to the lung when compared to medical nebulizers which can deliver large volumes using simple liposome preparation techniques...
November 16, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846733/ethnicity-work-related-stress-and-subjective-reports-of-health-by-migrant-workers-a-multi-dimensional-model
#18
Roberto Capasso, Maria Clelia Zurlo, Andrew P Smith
OBJECTIVES: This study integrates different aspects of ethnicity and work-related stress dimensions (based on the Demands-Resources-Individual-Effects model, DRIVE [Mark, G. M., and A. P. Smith. 2008. "Stress Models: A Review and Suggested New Direction." In Occupational Health Psychology, edited by J. Houdmont and S. Leka, 111-144. Nottingham: Nottingham University Press]) and aims to test a multi-dimensional model that combines individual differences, ethnicity dimensions, work characteristics, and perceived job satisfaction/stress as independent variables in the prediction of subjectives reports of health by workers differing in ethnicity...
November 16, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846124/effectiveness-and-experiences-of-families-and-support-workers-participating-in-peer-led-parenting-support-programs-delivered-as-home-visiting-programs-a-comprehensive-systematic-review
#19
Ailsa Munns, Robin Watts, Desley Hegney, Roz Walker
BACKGROUND: Designing child and family health services to meet the diverse needs of contemporary families is intended to minimize impacts of early disadvantage and subsequent lifelong health and social issues. Innovative programs to engage families with child and family support services have led to interest in the potential value of peer-led home visiting from parents in local communities. There is a range of benefits and challenges identified in a limited number of studies associated with home visiting peer support...
October 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845805/older-adult-transitions-into-long-term-care-a-meta-synthesis
#20
Gail J Sullivan, Christine Williams
As older adults age, they often experience health changes that require the need for long-term care (LTC). Transition to LTC can be stressful and lead to a further decline in health. The purpose of the current meta-synthesis was to provide an appraisal of older adults' transition experiences to LTC. This systemic appraisal included current qualitative research on these experiences, with analysis of the data guided by the middle range theory of transition. Three amalgamated themes were identified: (a) painful loss that requires a mourning process, (b) seeking stability through gaining autonomy to sustain a new sense of self, and (c) acceptance when a unique inner balance is reached...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
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