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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785687/education-is-associated-with-the-magnitude-of-cortisol-responses-to-psychosocial-stress-in-college-students
#1
Andrew W Manigault, Alex Woody, Peggy M Zoccola, Sally S Dickerson
PURPOSE: Researchers benefit from controlling for individual differences that systematically account for variance in acute cortisol responses (e.g., sex). Similarly, some suggest that education could be used as a cortisol covariate because prior work found a negative relationship between education and the magnitude of acute cortisol responses in middle-aged adults. Nevertheless, education is seldom controlled for in tests of cortisol responses to acute stress, in part because the effect of education on acute cortisol responses has yet to be tested in a college sample...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784718/opinion-and-special-articles-stress-when-performing-the-first-lumbar-puncture-may-compromise-patient-safety
#2
Mikael Johannes Vuokko Henriksen, Troels Wienecke, Jesper Kristiansen, Yoon Soo Park, Charlotte Ringsted, Lars Konge
OBJECTIVE: To quantify physician stress levels when performing lumbar puncture (LP) and explore operator stress effect on patient outcomes. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, multicenter study. Novices, intermediates, and experts in performing LP were recruited from 4 departments of neurology and emergency medicine. Stress was measured before and during performance of the LP using cognitive appraisal (CA), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Short (STAI-S) questionnaire, and the heart rate variability measure low frequency/high frequency index (LF/HF ratio)...
May 22, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#3
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766646/psychosocial-variables-and-presence-severity-and-prognosis-of-plantar-heel-pain-a-systematic-review-of-cross-sectional-and-prognostic-associations
#4
Chris Drake, Adrian Mallows, Chris Littlewood
OBJECTIVE: Plantar heel pain (PHP) is often disabling, and persistent symptoms are common. Psychosocial variables are known to affect pain and disability but the association of these factors with PHP has yet to be established. The purpose of the present systematic review was to determine if psychosocial variables are associated with the presence, severity and prognosis of PHP. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature and qualitative synthesis was carried out...
May 15, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764605/perception-matters-stressful-life-events-increase-breast-cancer-risk
#5
Avital Fischer, Argyrios Ziogas, Hoda Anton-Culver
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between psychological stress and breast cancer risk is unclear. The present study sought to understand how stressfulness appraisal of salient Life Events (LEs) influences breast cancer risk. METHODS: A case-control design was used and included 664 female cases identified through the Cancer Surveillance Program of Orange County, CA and 203 female population-based controls. A LE questionnaire determined if events occurred prior to breast cancer diagnosis and if these events were considered to be stressful or not...
July 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762315/effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-on-the-psychological-health-and-emotional-well-being-of-family-carers-of-people-with-dementia-following-residential-care-placement-a-systematic-review
#6
Deborah Brooks, Elaine Fielding, Elizabeth Beattie, Helen Edwards, Sonia Hines
OBJECTIVE: To identify, appraise and synthesize existing evidence regarding the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions on the psychological health and emotional well-being of family carers of people with dementia who have moved into residential care. INTRODUCTION: Many carers experience stress, guilt, grief and depression following placement of a relative with dementia into residential care. Psychosocial interventions to support family carers may help to improve psychological health and emotional well-being; however, evidence for such interventions delivered to family carers following placement has yet to be appraised and synthesized...
May 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762314/effectiveness-of-dexmedetomidine-versus-propofol-on-extubation-times-length-of-stay-and-mortality-rates-in-adult-cardiac-surgery-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
John Nguyen, Noel Nacpil
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of dexmedetomidine versus propofol on extubation time, intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay, total hospital length of stay and in-hospital mortality rates in cardiac surgery patients. INTRODUCTION: Recovery from cardiovascular surgery involves weaning from mechanical ventilation. Mechanical ventilation decreases the work of breathing for patients by inhaling oxygen and exhaling carbon dioxide via a ventilator or breathing machine...
May 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762313/experiences-of-undergraduate-nursing-students-in-peer-assisted-learning-in-clinical-practice-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#8
Matthew C Carey, Bridie Kent, Jos M Latour
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this qualitative systematic review was to identify and synthesize the best available evidence on experiences of peer assisted learning (PAL) among student nurses in clinical practice so as to understand the value of PAL for this population. INTRODUCTION: Peer-assisted learning considers the benefits of peers working in collaboration and supporting each other in professional roles. This approach to facilitate learning is effective within universities, but there is limited exploration within the clinical practice environment...
May 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738489/the-role-of-adult-day-services-in-supporting-the-occupational-participation-of-people-with-dementia-and-their-carers-an-integrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Janice Du Preez, Jeannine Millsteed, Ruth Marquis, Janet Richmond
The increasing numbers of people with dementia places considerable stress on health and aged care services and has resulted in the development of community adult day services. Aim : The aim of this integrative review is to determine the extent to which these services support the occupational participation of people with dementia, and how they impact their primary carers. Method : The mixed-methods appraisal tool (MMAT) was used to identify relevant studies in the period 2011⁻2016. Results : Nine databases were searched and yielded 16 articles with a variety of research designs for inclusion in the review...
May 8, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734226/functional-neuroanatomy-of-emotion-and-its-regulation-in-ptsd
#10
Jacklynn M Fitzgerald, Julia A DiGangi, K Luan Phan
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a devastating disorder, linked to profound mental, physical, occupational, and functional impairment. In addition, it is a highly complex disorder, characterized by symptom heterogeneity across multiple domains. Nevertheless, emotion dysregulation arising from the exaggerated response to threat or from the inability to regulate negative emotional states plays a defining role in the pathophysiology of PTSD. In order to improve our understanding of how emotion dysregulation manifests in this illness, functional neuroimaging research over the past 20 years provides great insight into underlying neuroanatomy of each component of emotion dysregulation in the context of PTSD...
May 2018: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715537/resveratrol-prevents-cognitive-deficits-induced-by-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress-sirt1-mir-134-signalling-pathway-regulates-creb-bdnf-expression-in-hippocampus-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#11
Jun Shen, Linling Xu, Chujie Qu, Huimin Sun, Junjian Zhang
Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) leads to neuropsychiatric disorders, such as depression, anxiety and cognitive impairment. Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol existed in polygonum cuspidatum and has been demonstrated to be a potent activator of Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1). Previous studies reported that resveratrol treatment ameliorated CUMS-induced depressive-like behavior and cognitive deficits through upregulating cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression...
April 28, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699842/effects-of-appraisal-training-on-responses-to-a-distressing-autobiographical-event
#12
Marcella L Woud, Armin Zlomuzica, Jan C Cwik, Jürgen Margraf, Lorika Shkreli, Simon E Blackwell, Thomas E Gladwin, Thomas Ehring
Dysfunctional appraisals are a key factor suggested to be involved in the development and maintenance of PTSD. Research has shown that experimental induction of a positive or negative appraisal style following a laboratory stressor affects analogue posttraumatic stress symptoms. This supports a causal role of appraisal in the development of traumatic stress symptoms and the therapeutic promise of modifying appraisals to reduce PTSD symptoms. The present study aimed to extend previous findings by investigating the effects of experimentally induced appraisals on reactions to a naturally occurring analogue trauma and by examining effects on both explicit and implicit appraisals...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699543/what-predicts-emotional-response-in-men-awaiting-prostate-biopsy
#13
AnnMarie Groarke, Ruth Curtis, Deirdre M J Walsh, Francis J Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Incidence of prostate cancer is increasing as opportunistic screening becomes widespread and life expectancy rises. Despite screening availability, research reveals conflicting results on medical outcomes, for example, disease specific mortality. However the gold standard in early diagnosis of potentially curable organ confined prostate cancer is transrectal ultrasound-guided systematic prostate biopsy (TRUS-BX). While focus has been given to medical sequalae there is a paucity of research on the psychological impact of biopsy...
April 24, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698480/type-d-personality-stress-coping-and-performance-on-a-novel-sport-task
#14
Erika Borkoles, Mariana Kaiseler, Andrew Evans, Chantal F Ski, David R Thompson, Remco C J Polman
We investigated (1) the relationship between Type D personality, stress intensity appraisal of a self-selected stressor, coping, and perceived coping effectiveness and (2) the relationship between Type D personality and performance. In study one, 482 athletes completed the Type D personality questionnaire (DS14), stress thermometer and MCOPE in relation to a recently experienced sport stressor. Type D was associated with increased levels of perceived stress and selection of coping strategies (more emotion and avoidance coping) as well as perceptions of their effectiveness...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697476/a-systematic-review-of-the-processes-underlying-the-main-and-the-buffering-effect-of-social-support-on-the-experience-of-pain
#15
Xianwei Che, Robin Cash, Sin Ki Ng, Paul Fitzgerald, Bernadette M Fitzgibbon
OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to explore the processes that underlie the main and the buffering effect of social support on decreased pain experience. METHODS: The systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. Online databases of PubMed and PsycINFO were searched for peer-reviewed articles using keywords (("social support", OR "interpersonal", OR "social presence", OR "spouse", OR "couple", OR "marriage") AND "pain")...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688746/the-clinic-environment-as-a-form-of-social-support-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-living-with-hiv
#16
Suzanne M Grieb, Deanna Kerrigan, Vicki Tepper, Jonathan Ellen, Erica Sibinga
Adolescents and young adults living with HIV (YLHIV) face numerous stresses that affect their care and medication adherence. The clinic social environment may play an important supportive role for YLHIV, influencing health outcomes. The aim of this article is to explore how YLHIV in Baltimore, Maryland understand the various forms of social support provided within the social environment of their HIV clinic. We used qualitative research methods including iterative, semi-structured in-depth interviews with 20 YLHIV interviewed up to three times each to explore HIV stressors, support systems, and medication adherence...
April 24, 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683713/overloaded-and-stressed-a-case-study-of-women-working-in-the-health-care-sector
#17
Maggie Stevenson, Linda Duxbury
Although role overload has been shown to be prevalent and consequential, there has been little attempt to develop the associated theory. The fact that the consequences of role overload can be positive or negative implies that the relationship between role overload and perceived stress depends partly on the environment within which role overload is experienced (i.e., the perceived situation) and how the situation is evaluated (i.e., appraised). Guided by cognitive appraisal theory, this study applies qualitative methodology to identify the situation properties that contribute to variable stress reactions to role overload...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676161/symptoms-of-prolonged-grief-and-posttraumatic-stress-following-loss-a-latent-class-analysis
#18
Fiona Maccallum, Richard A Bryant
OBJECTIVE: Individuals vary in how they respond to bereavement. Those who experience poor bereavement outcomes often report symptoms from more than one diagnostic category. This study sought to identify groups of individuals who share similar patterns of prolonged grief disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms to determine whether these profiles are differentially related to negative appraisals thought to contribute to prolonged grief disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology...
April 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673620/effects-of-opioid-and-non-opioid-analgesics-on-responses-to-psychosocial-stress-in-humans
#19
Anya K Bershad, Melissa A Miller, Greg J Norman, Harriet de Wit
Both preclinical and clinical evidence suggests that the endogenous opioid system is involved in responses to stress. For example, in animal models opioid agonists reduce isolation distress whereas opioid antagonists increase isolation distress. We recently reported that the mixed mu agonist and kappa antagonist buprenorphine dampened responses to acute psychosocial stress in humans. Now we extend this to study the effects of a pure mu-opioid agonist, hydromorphone, and a non-opioid analgesic, acetaminophen, on response to social stress...
April 16, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657096/mother-father-and-child-traumatic-stress-reactions-after-paediatric-burn-within-family-co-occurrence-and-parent-child-discrepancies-in-appraisals-of-child-stress
#20
Marthe R Egberts, Rens van de Schoot, Rinie Geenen, Nancy E E Van Loey
AIM: The current study examined occurrence and within-family associations of traumatic stress reactions after child burn injury, while in the same model addressing the role of parents' own symptoms in their reports of child symptoms. METHODS: One-hundred children (8-18 years old), and their mothers (n=90) and fathers (n=74) were assessed within the first month (T1) and three months (T2) after burn. Parents and children rated child traumatic stress reactions on the Children's Responses to Trauma Inventory (CRTI) and parents rated their own reactions on the Impact of Event Scale (IES)...
April 12, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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