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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921733/effects-of-individual-and-partner-factors-on-anxiety-and-depression-in-taiwanese-prostate-cancer-patients-a-longitudinal-study
#1
C H Chien, C K Chuang, K L Liu, C T Wu, S T Pang, P K Tsay, Y H Chang, X Y Huang, H E Liu
Studies exploring the mediating and predictive factors of anxiety and depression for prostate cancer patients in Eastern countries are scant. Guided by the transactional model of stress and coping, this study determined the predictors and mediators of anxiety and depression in prostate cancer patients. The participants comprised 115 prostate cancer patients and 91 partners. The patients and partners completed questionnaires regarding physical symptoms, disease appraisals, coping behaviours, anxiety and depression in the period before confirmation of treatment decisions and 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918822/a-theoretical-model-to-explain-the-smart-technology-adoption-behaviors-of-elder-consumers-elderadopt
#2
Stephen M Golant
A growing global population of older adults is potential consumers of a category of products referred to as smart technologies, but also known as telehealth, telecare, information and communication technologies, robotics, and gerontechnology. This paper constructs a theoretical model to explain whether older people will adopt smart technology options to cope with their discrepant individual or environmental circumstances, thereby enabling them to age in place. Its proposed constructs and relationships are drawn from multiple academic disciplines and professional specialties, and an extensive literature focused on the factors influencing the acceptance of these smart technologies...
August 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917571/academy-of-dental-materials-guidance-resin-composites-part-ii-technique-sensitivity-handling-polymerization-dimensional-changes
#3
J L Ferracane, T J Hilton, J W Stansbury, D C Watts, N Silikas, N Ilie, S Heintze, M Cadenaro, R Hickel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work, commissioned by the Academy of Dental Materials, was to review and critically appraise test methods to characterize properties related to critical issues for dental resin composites, including technique sensitivity and handling, polymerization, and dimensional stability, in order to provide specific guidance to investigators planning studies of these properties. METHODS: The properties that relate to each of the main clinical issues identified were ranked in terms of their priority for testing, and the specific test methods within each property were ranked...
September 13, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905678/negative-emotional-appraisal-selectively-disrupts-retrieval-of-expected-outcome-values-required-for-goal-directed-instrumental-choice
#4
Tanya L Pritchard, Gabrielle Weidemann, Lee Hogarth
Stress induction reduces people's ability to modify their instrumental choices following changes in the value of outcomes, but the mechanisms underpinning this effect have not been specified because previous studies have lacked crucial control conditions. To address this, the current study had participants learn two instrumental responses for food and water, respectively, before water was devalued by specific satiety. Choice between these two responses was then measured in extinction, reacquisition and Pavlovian to instrumental transfer (PIT) tests...
September 14, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889098/reversal-of-arterial-stiffness-and-maladaptative-arterial-remodeling-after-kidney-transplantation
#5
Alexandre Karras, Pierre Boutouyrie, Marie Briet, Erwan Bozec, Jean-Philippe Haymann, Christophe Legendre, Lawrence P McMahon, Michel Delahousse
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is characterized by stiffening, thinning, dilatation, and increased circumferential wall stress of large arteries, associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Kidney transplantation (KT) reverses many pathological features of chronic kidney disease and improves life expectancy; however, longitudinal studies exploring the impact of KT on recipient large arteries are scarce. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study was designed to appraise arterial changes following KT...
September 9, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886409/relationships-among-grit-academic-performance-perceived-academic-failure-and-stress-in-associate-degree-students
#6
Wincy Wing Sze Lee
The present study examined the relationships among grit, academic performance, perceived academic failure, and stress levels of Hong Kong associate degree students using path analysis. Three hundred and forty-five students from a community college in Hong Kong voluntarily participated in the study. They completed a questionnaire that measured their grit (operationalized as interest and perseverance) and stress levels. The students also provided their actual academic performance and evaluated their perception of their academic performance as a success or a failure...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880812/spiritual-well-being-after-trauma-correlates-with-appraisals-coping-and-psychological-adjustment
#7
Crystal L Park
Spiritual issues are often implicated in trauma, yet little research has examined the specific pathways through which trauma may affect spiritual well-being or relations between spiritual well-being and other aspects of adjustment following trauma. Such information would be helpful in developing psychological interventions for trauma recovery. In a sample of 436 college students who had survived a traumatic experience, a transactional stress and coping perspective were used to examine both predictors of three components of spiritual well-being (faith, meaning, and peace) and relations between spiritual well-being and other aspects of psychological adjustment...
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872476/do-user-applied-safety-labels-on-medication-syringes-reduce-the-incidence-of-medication-errors-during-rapid-medical-response-intervention-for-deteriorating-patients-on-wards-a-systematic-search-and-review
#8
John Mikhail, Hugh Grantham, Lindy King
INTRODUCTION: Intravenous medication errors (MEs) occur during medical emergency situations. An initiative, not yet in common practice, that could address these errors is safety labeling. The aim of this review was to identify and appraise research evidence related to the impact of user-applied medication safety labeling on reducing the incidence of MEs during rapid medical response intervention for patient deterioration in the ward setting. METHOD: A systematic search and review framework was used to conduct the review...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868219/appraisal-of-biochemical-classes-of-radioprotectors-evidence-current-status-and-guidelines-for-future-development
#9
REVIEW
Krishnanand Mishra, Ghazi Alsbeih
The search for efficient radioprotective agents to protect from radiation-induced toxicity, due to planned or accidental radiation exposure, is still ongoing worldwide. Despite decades of research and development of widely different biochemical classes of natural and derivative compounds, a safe and effective radioprotector is largely unmet. In this comprehensive review, we evaluated the evidence for the radioprotective performance of classical thiols, vitamins, minerals, dietary antioxidants, phytochemicals, botanical and bacterial preparations, DNA-binding agents, cytokines, and chelators including adaptogens...
October 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867427/prevalence-and-effectiveness-of-psychiatric-treatments-for-patients-with-ibd-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Ilaria Tarricone, Maria Giulia Regazzi, Giulia Bonucci, Fernando Rizzello, Giovanni Carini, Roberto Muratori, Gilberto Poggioli, Massimo Campieri
OBJECTIVES: Higher prevalence of psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression, has been found in people with Crohn's disease and Ulcerative Colitis compared to the general population. Nowadays, international guidelines advocate psychotherapy and psycho-pharmacological treatments as playing an important role in IBD care. The main goal of this systematic literature review was summarize the evidence on the utilization and effectiveness of treatments for depression and anxiety in persons with IBD...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864996/immunomodulatory-basis-of-antioxidant-therapy-and-its-future-prospects-an-appraisal
#11
REVIEW
Y Ajith, U Dimri, S K Dixit, Shanker K Singh, A Gopalakrishnan, E Madhesh, J B Rajesh, S G Sangeetha
Antioxidants are agents which can modulate oxidant-antioxidant profile of body system by neutralizing pro-oxidant molecules. The current scientific knowledge on mechanisms of antioxidant activity of biomolecules was critically reviewed with a special emphasis on immunomodulation. The immuno-oxidative wreckage of animals in various disease conditions and the role of biomodulators in curbing the oxidative stress through immune pathways were analyzed. The critical role of immunomodulatory mechanisms in controlling oxidative damage was identified...
September 1, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863300/affective-reactivity-to-daily-life-stress-relationship-to-positive-psychotic-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-general-population-sample
#12
Sanne H Booij, Evelien Snippe, Bertus F Jeronimus, Marieke Wichers, Johanna T W Wigman
INTRODUCTION: Increased affective reactivity to daily life stress has been found in individuals with psychosis and depression, and in those at risk for these conditions. Because depressive and psychotic symptoms often co-occur, increased affective reactivity in these disorders may be explained by the presence of depressive symptoms, psychotic symptoms, or both. Therefore, we examined whether affective reactivity to daily stress is related to positive psychotic symptoms, independently of depressive symptoms, and vice versa...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861906/aquatic-exposures-of-chemical-mixtures-in-urban-environments-approaches-to-impact-assessment
#13
Dick de Zwart, William Adams, Malyka Galay Burgos, Juliane Hollender, Marion Junghans, Graham Merrington, Derek Muir, Thomas Parkerton, Karel De Schamphelaere, Graham Whale, Richard Williams
Urban regions of the world are expanding rapidly, placing additional stress on water resources. Urban water bodies serve many purposes from washing and sources of drinking water to transport and conduits for storm drainage and effluent discharge. These water bodies receive chemical emissions arising from either single or multiple point sources, diffuse sources which can be continuous, intermittent or seasonal. Thus, aquatic organisms in these water bodies are exposed to temporally and compositionally variable mixtures...
September 1, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859696/a-systematic-review-of-evidence-for-fitness-to-drive-among-people-with-the-mental-health-conditions-of-schizophrenia-stress-anxiety-disorder-depression-personality-disorder-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#14
Carolyn A Unsworth, Anne M Baker, Man H So, Priscilla Harries, Desmond O'Neill
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence exists regarding fitness-to-drive for people with the mental health conditions of schizophrenia, stress/anxiety disorder, depression, personality disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder (herein simply referred to as 'mental health conditions'). The aim of this paper was to systematically search and classify all published studies regarding driving for this population, and then critically appraise papers addressing assessment of fitness-to-drive where the focus was not on the impact of medication on driving...
August 31, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858087/the-influences-of-cognitive-appraisal-physical-injury-coping-strategy-and-forgiveness-of-others-on-ptsd-symptoms-in-traffic-accidents-using-hierarchical-linear-modeling
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Myoung-Ho Hyun, Sung-Man Bae
The purpose of this study was to identify how physical injury, perceived threat, forgiveness of others, and problem-focused coping influence the change of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. One hundred twenty patients who had experienced a traumatic vehicle accident participated in 1 to 2 months after the accident; 70 of these people involved at 6 months after the accident. We used a hierarchical linear model analysis to verify the impacts of predictors on change of PTSD symptoms as time passed...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851517/an-integrative-appraisal-of-mechano-electric-feedback-mechanisms-in-the-heart
#16
Viviane Timmermann, Lars A Dejgaard, Kristina H Haugaa, Andrew G Edwards, J Sundnes, Andrew D McCulloch, Samuel T Wall
Mechanically-induced alterations in cardiac electrophysiology are referred to as mechano-electric feedback (MEF), and play an important role in electrical regulation of cardiac performance. The influence of mechanical stress and strain on electrophysiology has been investigated at all levels, however the role of MEF in arrhythmia remains poorly understood. During the normal contraction of the heart, mechano-sensitive processes are an implicit component of cardiac activity. Under abnormal mechanical events, stretch-activated mechanisms may contribute to local or global changes in electrophysiology (EP)...
August 26, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843614/an-integrative-appraisal-of-the-hormonal-and-metabolic-changes-induced-by-acute-stress-using-king-penguins-as-a-model
#17
Vincent A Viblanc, Quentin Schull, Tina Cornioley, Antoine Stier, Jean-Jérôme Ménard, René Groscolas, Jean-Patrice Robin
A large number of studies have focused on the reactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the consequences of glucocorticoids (GC) in mediating life-history trade-offs. Although short-term increases in GCs are viewed as adaptive, mobilizing energy substrates allowing animals to deal with impending threats (e.g. stimulating hepatic gluconeogenesis, stimulating lipolysis, mobilizing amino acids), few studies have actually measured the exact time-course of substrate mobilisation in response to acute stress in natural conditions...
August 23, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833294/the-work-related-stressors-and-coping-strategies-of-group-employed-rural-health-care-practitioners-a-qualitative-study
#18
Melinda A Hasbrouck, Anthony C Waddimba
BACKGROUND: Escalating demands on practitioners, stagnating/dwindling resources, and diminishing autonomy have heightened patient-care work-related stress. Using qualitative content/thematic analysis of responses to open-ended survey questions, plus spontaneous comments, we sought to identify rural clinicians' subjective perceptions of their workplace stressors and typical adaptive/coping strategies. METHODS: Within a hybrid inductive-deductive approach, we framed empirical themes (derived by consensus, corroborated with text segments, and extant literature) into theory-based coding templates by which we analyzed the data...
August 18, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832607/dread-of-uncertain-pain-an-event-related-potential-study
#19
Yujing Huang, Qian Shang, Shenyi Dai, Qingguo Ma
Humans experience more stress about uncertain situations than certain situations. However, the neural mechanism underlying the uncertainty of a negative stimulus has not been determined. In the present study, event-related potential was recorded to examine neural responses during the dread of unpredictable pain. We used a cueing paradigm in which predictable cues were always followed by electric shocks, unpredictable cues by electric shocks at a 50/50 ratio and safe cues by no electric shock. Visual analogue scales following electric shocks were presented to quantify subjective anxiety levels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815009/strategies-for-dementia-prevention-latest-evidence-and-implications
#20
REVIEW
Gopalkumar Rakesh, Steven T Szabo, George S Alexopoulos, Anthony S Zannas
Dementia is a common and debilitating syndrome with enormous impact on individuals and societies. Preventing disease onset or progression would translate to public health and societal benefits. In this review, we discuss the latest evidence on interventions that may show promise for the prevention of cognitive decline. We appraise existing evidence primarily drawn from randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses, but also highlight observational studies in humans and relevant work in model organisms...
August 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
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