keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

stress appraisal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128685/unravelling-positive-aspects-of-caregiving-in-dementia-an-integrative-review-of-research-literature
#1
REVIEW
Doris S F Yu, Sheung-Tak Cheng, Jungfang Wang
BACKGROUND: Family caregiving is the crucial informal care resource to lessen the burdens associated with dementia. Research in this field has focused on reducing the caregiver's burden, but little attention has been given to promoting the positive aspects of caregiving. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic critical review of research on the nature of positive aspects of caregiving, and the factors predicting this phenomenon among family caregivers of dementia patients, with the ultimate purpose of gaining insights to explain how and why it emerges...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112905/determinants-of-hair-cortisol-concentration-in-children-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
N A Gray, A Dhana, L Van Der Vyver, J Van Wyk, N P Khumalo, D J Stein
BACKGROUND: Several factors are known contribute to hair cortisol concentration (HCC) in adults. However, there is less research on determinants of HCC in children and adolescents. HCC is a valuable tool for medical research pertaining to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. This review aims to assess the extent to which established determinants of HCC in adults have been consistently reported in children (birth - 18 years) and to identify determinants of HCC specific to this age group...
November 2, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110203/the-coping-mechanisms-and-strategies-of-hypertension-patients-in-ghana-the-role-of-religious-faith-beliefs-and-practices
#3
Frederick Anyan, Birthe Loa Knizek
This qualitative study explored the role of religious faith, belief and practice systems in the coping mechanisms and strategies of essential hypertension patients in Accra, Ghana. Six participants were recruited for participation, of which five were Christians and one was a Muslim. Interviews were conducted and interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to analyze the data. Results showed that participants used their religious faith, beliefs and practices as coping resources. Participants used a deferring-collaborative style of religious coping, which seemed to have provided them with an avoidance strategy that protected the participants from conscious confrontation with their illness...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105910/mindfulness-for-palliative-care-patients-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Carolina de Oliveira Cruz Latorraca, Ana Luiza Cabrera Martimbianco, Daniela Vianna Pachito, Rafael Leite Pacheco, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: Nineteen million adults worldwide are in need of palliative care. Of those who have access to it, 80% fail to receive an efficient management of symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of mindfulness meditation for palliative care patients. METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, LILACS, PEDro, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Opengrey, ClinicalTrials.gov and WHO-ICTRP. No restriction of language, status or date of publication was applied...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104182/lipid-peroxidation-in-cardiac-surgery-towards-consensus-on-biomonitoring-diagnostic-tools-and-therapeutic-implementation
#5
Rosalba Romano, Simona M Cristescu, Terence H Risby, Nandor Marczin
This review focuses on oxidative stress and more specifically lipid peroxidation in cardiac surgery, one of the fundamental theories of perioperative complications. We present the molecular pathways leading to lipid peroxidation and integrate analytical methods that allow detection of lipid peroxidation markers in the fluid phase with those focusing on volatile compounds in exhaled breath. In order to explore the accumulated data in the literature, we present a systematic review of quantitative analysis of malondialdehyde (MDA), a widely used lipid peroxidation product at various stages of cardiac surgery...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098508/pharmacological-heart-rate-lowering-in-patients-with-a-preserved-ejection-fraction-review-of-a-failing-concept
#6
REVIEW
Markus Meyer, Mehdi Rambod, Martin LeWinter
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that high resting heart rates are associated with increased mortality. Clinical studies in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction have shown that heart rate lowering with beta-blockers and ivabradine improves survival. It is therefore often assumed that heart rate lowering is beneficial in other patients as well. Here, we critically appraise the effects of pharmacological heart rate lowering in patients with both normal and reduced ejection fraction with an emphasis on the effects of pharmacological heart rate lowering in hypertension and heart failure...
November 3, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096418/correlates-of-post-traumatic-growth-following-childhood-and-adolescent-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Jasmin K Turner, Amanda Hutchinson, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Post-traumatic growth is defined as positive change resulting from the struggle with highly challenging life circumstances or trauma [1]. A growing number of children and adolescents are experiencing and surviving cancer. This review aims to identify the demographic, medical, and psychosocial correlates of perceived post-traumatic growth in individuals of any age who were affected by paediatric cancer. Findings will highlight protective factors that may facilitate post-traumatic growth, allowing for directed social support, intervention, and follow-up care...
November 2, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096237/moderating-effects-of-maternal-emotional-availability-on-language-and-cognitive-development-in-toddlers-of-mothers-exposed-to-a-natural-disaster-in-pregnancy-the-qf2011-queensland-flood-study
#8
Marie-Paule Austin, Bettina Christl, Cathy McMahon, Sue Kildea, Nicole Reilly, Carolyn Yin, Gabrielle Simcock, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Suzanne King
BACKGROUND: Prenatal maternal stress exposure has been linked to sub-optimal developmental outcomes in toddlers, while maternal emotional availability is associated with better cognitive and language abilities. It is less clear whether early care-giving relationships can moderate the impact of prenatal stress on child development. The current study investigates the impact of stress during pregnancy resulting from the Queensland Floods in 2011 on toddlers' cognitive and language development, and examines how maternal emotional availability is associated with these outcomes...
October 27, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088950/neurosurgical-applications-of-viscoelastic-hemostatic-assays
#9
Svetlana Kvint, James Schuster, Monisha A Kumar
Patients taking antithrombotic agents are very common in neurosurgical practice. The perioperative management of these patients can be extremely challenging especially as newer agents, with poorly defined laboratory monitoring and reversal strategies, become more prevalent. This is especially true with emergent cases in which rapid reversal of anticoagulation is required and the patient's exact medical history is not available. With an aging patient population and the associated increase in diseases such as atrial fibrillation, it is expected that the use of these agents will continue to rise in coming years...
November 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080991/the-impact-of-maternal-flood-related-stress-and-social-support-on-offspring-weight-in-early-childhood
#10
Emily B Kroska, Michael W O'Hara, Guillaume Elgbeili, Kimberly J Hart, David P Laplante, Kelsey N Dancause, Suzanne King
The current study examined the moderating role of social support in the association between prenatal maternal stress (PNMS) and childhood body mass index (BMI) in the context of the Iowa floods of 2008. In addition, the mediating role of offspring birthweight was examined in the association between PNMS and childhood BMI. We recruited women from eastern Iowa who were pregnant in 2008 when disastrous floods occurred. Self-report measures of PNMS and cognitive appraisal of the flood's consequences were obtained shortly after the disaster...
October 28, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073562/dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitor-enhances-restoration-of-salivary-glands-impaired-by-obese-insulin-resistance
#11
Jitjiroj Ittichaicharoen, Nattayaporn Apaijai, Pongpan Tanajak, Piangkwan Sa-Nguanmoo, Nipon Chattipakorn, Siriporn Chattipakorn
OBJECTIVE: Chronic high-fat diet consumption causes not only obese- insulin resistance, but also leads to pathological changes in salivary glands, including increased mitochondrial dysfunction, apoptosis, oxidative stress, and inflammation. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (vildagliptin) is an oral anti-diabetic drug, using for treatment of type 2 diabetes. Vildagliptin has been shown to exert beneficial effects on several organs in cases of obese-insulin resistant condition. However, the effect of vildagliptin on salivary glands impaired by obese-insulin resistance has not been investigated...
October 20, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062596/exploring-the-psychological-health-of-emergency-dispatch-centre-operatives-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#12
Sarah E Golding, Claire Horsfield, Annette Davies, Bernadette Egan, Martyn Jones, Mary Raleigh, Patricia Schofield, Allison Squires, Kath Start, Tom Quinn, Mark Cropley
BACKGROUND: The study objective was to investigate and synthesize available evidence relating to the psychological health of Emergency Dispatch Centre (EDC) operatives, and to identify key stressors experienced by EDC operatives. METHODS: Eight electronic databases (Embase, PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, PsycInfo, PsycArticles, The Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection, and Google Scholar) were searched. All study designs were included, and no date limits were set...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032322/classroom-social-experiences-in-early-elementary-school-relate-to-diurnal-cortisol-levels
#13
Pia Behnsen, Marieke Buil, Susanne Koot, Anja Huizink, Pol van Lier
Social stress has been linked to altered hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocorticol (HPA) axis activation. During elementary school, children can become exposed to negative peer relations, such as poor appraisal among classroom peers, which is considered a social stressor. However, little is known about the association between classroom peer appraisal and the physiological stress system in children. The goal of this study was to examine the association of peer acceptance and peer non-acceptance with diurnal cortisol concentrations in 222 children from 20 mainstream elementary schools (Mage=6...
October 2, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030878/the-association-between-ptsd-and-functional-outcome-is-mediated-by-perception-of-cognitive-problems-rather-than-objective-neuropsychological-test-performance
#14
Kristin W Samuelson, Linda Abadjian, Joshua T Jordan, Alisa Bartel, Jennifer Vasterling, Karen Seal
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been consistently linked to poorer functional outcomes, including quality of life, health problems, and social and occupational functioning. Less is known about the potential mechanisms by which PTSD leads to poorer functional outcomes. We hypothesized that neurocognitive functioning and perception of cognitive problems would both mediate the relationship between PTSD diagnosis and functioning. In a sample of 140 veterans of the recent wars and conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, we assessed PTSD symptoms, history of traumatic brain injury (TBI), depression, self-report measures of quality of life, social and occupational functioning, and reintegration to civilian life, as well as perception of cognitive problems...
October 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020127/an-exploration-of-addiction-in-adults-experiencing-early-life-stress-a-metasynthesis
#15
Carla Araujo Bastos Teixeira, Gerri Lasiuk, Sylvia Barton, Maria Neyrian de Fatima Fernandes, Edilaine Cristina da Silva Gherardi-Donato
OBJECTIVE: to review and synthesize qualitative research on the links between early-life stress and addiction behaviours in adulthood. METHOD: metasynthesis to review qualitative research findings based on procedures that outline how to identify themes or constructs across studies in a specific area. Comprehensive searches of multiple electronic databases were performed. The initial search yielded 1050 articles and the titles and abstracts were screened for inclusion based on predetermined criteria...
October 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992554/stress-in-fathers-in-the-perinatal-period-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Lloyd Frank Philpott, Patricia Leahy-Warren, Serena FitzGerald, Eileen Savage
BACKGROUND: despite the evidence that fatherhood has a long-term positive and protective effect on men's health, there is also evidence that fatherhood in the perinatal period can be complex and demanding. Due to the potential increase in stressors in the perinatal period, there is reason to hypothesise that it is a time of increased stress for fathers. However, it is not clear how significant a problem stress is for fathers during this stage of life. This is in part, due to the fact that the available research has not been systematically reviewed...
September 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989547/teaching-mindfulness-to-teachers-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#17
REVIEW
Lisa-Marie Emerson, Anna Leyland, Kristian Hudson, Georgina Rowse, Pam Hanley, Siobhan Hugh-Jones
School teachers report high levels of stress which impact on their engagement with pupils and effectiveness as a teacher. Early intervention or prevention approaches may support teachers to develop positive coping and reduce the experience and impact of stress. This article reviews research on one such approach: mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for school teachers. A systematic review and narrative synthesis were conducted for quantitative and qualitative studies that report the effects of MBIs for teachers of children aged 5-18 years on symptoms of stress and emotion regulation and self-efficacy...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972869/mothers-parenting-a-child-with-intellectual-disability-in-urban-india-an-application-of-the-stress-and-resilience-framework
#18
Aesha John, Martha Zapata Roblyer
We examined relevance of the key constructs of the stress and resilience framework in the urban Indian context. Analyses of interviews with urban Indian mothers (N = 47) of a 3-6 year old child with intellectual disability generated themes on maternal appraisals of the child's disability, perceived stressors, and resources. Mothers seemed to utilize a combination of fact-based and religious explanation to make sense of their child's disability. Parental stressors ranged from child-related factors (diagnosis, behavioral problems) to financial and family-level challenges...
October 2017: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967321/psychological-distress-among-caregivers-of-individuals-with-a-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia-or-schizoaffective-disorder
#19
Debra Lerner, Hong Chang, William H Rogers, Carmela Benson, Mercedes C Lyson, Lisa B Dixon
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to quantify caregiver distress among informal caregivers of individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and identify its correlates. METHODS: From December 2014 through April 2015, ads posted with mental health advocates and the media recruited informal caregivers, age ≥21 years, to complete an online questionnaire. It included the ten-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) (0, no distress; 39, highest) and hypothesized distress correlates in four groups: caregiver and care recipient characteristics; caregiver role demands; caregiver social supports; and caregiver cognitive appraisals of caregiving...
October 2, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956524/the-roles-of-unmet-needs-and-formal-support-in-the-caregiving-satisfaction-and-caregiving-burden-of-family-caregivers-for-persons-with-dementia
#20
Myonghwa Park, Sora Choi, Song Ja Lee, Seon Hwa Kim, Jinha Kim, Younghye Go, Dong Young Lee
BACKGROUND: A growing number of studies are emphasizing the importance of positive and negative appraisals of caregiving and the utilization of social resources to buffer the negative effects of caring for persons with dementia. By assessing the roles of unmet needs and formal support, this study tested a hypothesized model for Korean family caregivers' satisfaction and burden in providing care for persons with dementia. METHODS: The stress process model and a two-factor model were used as the conceptual framework for this study...
September 28, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
keyword
keyword
75711
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"