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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222581/a-comparison-of-the-physiological-demands-imposed-by-competing-in-a-half-marathon-vs-a-marathon
#1
Juan Del Coso, Juan J Salinero, Beatriz Lara, Javier Abián-Vicén, César Gallo-Salazar, Francisco Areces
BACKGROUND: While there is widespread scientific information about the physiological challenges imposed on elite endurance runners during competitions, the information regarding the amateur population is scarce. The aim of this study was to compare the physical and physiological load imposed by competing in a real half-marathon vs a marathon race. METHODS: From a larger group of participants, we selected 22 experienced runners who were matched in pairs (11 marathoners and 11 half-marathoners) for age and anthropometric data...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222381/domain-specific-and-domain-general-processes-underlying-metacognitive-judgments
#2
Lisa M Fitzgerald, Mahnaz Arvaneh, Paul M Dockree
Metacognition and self-awareness are commonly assumed to operate as global capacities. However, there have been few attempts to test this assumption across multiple cognitive domains and metacognitive evaluations. Here, we assessed the covariance between "online" metacognitive processes, as measured by decision confidence judgments in the domains of perception and memory, and error awareness in the domain of attention to action. Previous research investigating metacognition across task domains have not matched stimulus characteristics across tasks raising the possibility that any differences in metacognitive accuracy may be influenced by local task properties...
February 17, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222069/patients-perceptions-of-the-negative-effects-following-different-prostate-cancer-treatments-and-the-impact-on-psychological-well-being-a-nationwide-survey
#3
Ulla-Sisko Lehto, Heli Tenhola, Kimmo Taari, Arpo Aromaa
BACKGROUND: Although the prognosis of localised prostate cancer is good, the negative effects of prostate cancer treatment often impair patient quality of life. A growing number of men experience these negative effects over a longer time because of the increased incidence of and prolonged survival in prostate cancer, and the ageing of the population. Only a few studies have investigated the adverse effects of different prostate cancer treatments using large population-based samples. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide survey (n=1239) to collect detailed information regarding the negative effects (i...
February 21, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220927/evaluation-results-of-an-ontology-based-design-model-of-virtual-environments-for-upper-limb-motor-rehabilitation-of-stroke-patients
#4
Cristina Ramírez-Fernández, Alberto L Morán, Eloísa García-Canseco, Jorge R Gómez-Montalvo
OBJECTIVES: 1) To enhance the content of an ontology for designing virtual environments (VEs) for upper limb motor rehabilitation of stroke patients according to the suggestions and comments of rehabilitation specialists and software developers, 2) to characterize the perceived importance level of the ontology, 3) to determine the perceived usefulness of the ontology, and 4) to identify the safety characteristics of the ontology for VEs design according to the rehabilitation specialists...
February 21, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220468/the-hair-shedding-visual-scale-a-quick-tool-to-assess-hair-loss-in-women
#5
María Abril Martínez-Velasco, Norma Elizabeth Vázquez-Herrera, Austin John Maddy, Daniel Asz-Sigall, Antonella Tosti
INTRODUCTION: Hair shedding is a common consequence of the normal hair cycle that changes with internal and external factors. Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is difficult to assess in terms of shedding severity as the conscious perception of hair shedding varies according to each individual, and most utilized methods are semi-invasive or very time consuming. In this study, we establish and validate a hair-shedding scale for women with thick hair of different lengths. METHODS: A visual analog scale was developed for thick hair of short, medium, and long lengths by dividing a bundle of hairs of each length into nine piles of increasing hair amount that were then photographed and arranged in order of size...
February 20, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220427/quantitative-evaluation-of-plant-actin-cytoskeletal-organization-during-immune-signaling
#6
Yi-Ju Lu, Brad Day
High spatial and temporal resolution microscopy-based methods are valuable tools for the precise real-time imaging of changes in cellular organization in response to stimulus perception. Here, we describe a quantitative method for the evaluation of the plant actin cytoskeleton during immune stimulus perception and the activation of defense signaling. As a measure of the biotic stress-induced changes in actin filament organization, we present methods for analyzing changes in actin filament organization following elicitation of pattern-triggered immunity and effector-triggered immunity...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220424/cdpk-activation-in-prr-signaling
#7
Heike Seybold, Marie Boudsocq, Tina Romeis
Calcium-dependent protein kinases undergo a rapid biochemical activation in response to an intracellular Ca increase induced by the PRR-dependent perception of a pathogen-related stimulus. Based on SDS gel resolution, the in-gel kinase assay allows the analysis of multiple in vivo protein samples in parallel, combining the advantage of protein separation according to molecular mass with the activity read-out of a protein kinase assay. It thus enables to follow the transient CDPK activation and inactivation in response to in vivo elicitation with a time-wise resolution...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219315/near-peers-improve-patient-safety-training-in-the-preclinical-curriculum
#8
Sally R Raty, Cayla R Teal, Elizabeth A Nelson, Anne C Gill
BACKGROUND: Accrediting bodies require medical schools to teach patient safety and residents to develop teaching skills in patient safety. We created a patient safety course in the preclinical curriculum and used continuous quality improvement to make changes over time. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of resident teaching on student perceptions of a Patient Safety course. DESIGN: Using the Institute for Healthcare Improvement patient safety curriculum as a frame, the course included the seven IHI modules, large group lectures and small group facilitated discussions...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218155/perceptions-of-nonsurgical-permanent-contraception-among-potential-users-providers-and-influencers-in-wardha-district-and-new-delhi-india-exploratory-research
#9
Jennifer C Aengst, Elizabeth K Harrington, Pramod Bahulekar, Poonam Shivkumar, Jeffrey T Jensen, B S Garg
BACKGROUND: New permanent contraceptive methods are in development, including nonsurgical permanent contraception (NSPC). OBJECTIVE: In the present study, perceptions of NSPC in India among married women, married men, mothers-in-law, providers, and health advocates in Eastern Maharashtra (Wardha district) and New Delhi were examined. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 40 married women and 20 mothers-in-law; surveys with 150 married men; and focus group discussions with obstetrics/gynecology providers and advocates...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217971/posttraumatic-growth-in-relationally-betrayed-women
#10
Deb Laaser, Heather L Putney, Matthew Bundick, David L Delmonico, Elizabeth J Griffin
The research literature on relational betrayal in a committed relationship has focused on the resulting trauma from the betrayal; however, few studies investigated the potential for posttraumatic growth following a relational betrayal. This study investigated the presence of posttraumatic growth in relationally betrayed women. The research focused on women's perceptions of the relational betrayal, and factors that facilitated posttraumatic growth. Results indicated relationally betrayed women perceived the betrayal as a traumatic event, to the extent that some met criteria for PTSD diagnosis...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216910/effectiveness-of-paracervical-block-for-pain-relief-in-women-undergoing-hysterosalpingography
#11
Shikha Jain, Dattaprasad B Inamdar, Abha Majumdar, Deepak K Jain
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential benefit, in terms of pain relief, of the paracervical block with 2% lignocaine in women undergoing hysterosalpingography (HSG). STUDY DESIGN: This study was a prospective randomized controlled study. SETTINGS: This study was conducted in infertility clinic of a tertiary care center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred and six patients undergoing HSG as a part of infertility evaluation were included in the study...
October 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216842/case-based-learning-a-study-to-ascertain-the-effectiveness-in-enhancing-the-knowledge-among-interns-of-an-indian-dental-institute
#12
Kamal Shigli, Y B Aswini, Deepti Fulari, Banashree Sankeshwari, Dayanand Huddar, M Vikneshan
OBJECTIVE: Time and again, it has been shown that active learning promotes critical thinking, and this environment has to be fostered in dental education too. Therefore, the present study was carried out with an aim to know the effectiveness of case-based learning (CBL) in enhancing the knowledge of dental interns of a dental institute in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This pre-post single-blinded, experimental study was conducted in two sessions on a purposive sample of 45 dental interns who gave informed consent...
January 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216189/rotavirus-immunization-global-coverage-and-local-barriers-for-implementation
#13
Andrea Lo Vecchio, Ilaria Liguoro, Jorge Amil Dias, James A Berkley, Chris Boey, Mitchell B Cohen, Sylvia Cruchet, Eduardo Salazar-Lindo, Samir Podder, Bhupinder Sandhu, Philip M Sherman, Toshiaki Shimizu, Alfredo Guarino
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) is a major agent of gastroenteritis and an important cause of child death worldwide. Immunization (RVI) has been available since 2006, and the Federation of International Societies of Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) identified RVI as a top priority for the control of diarrheal illness. A FISPGHAN working group on acute diarrhea aimed at estimating the current RVI coverage worldwide and identifying barriers to implementation at local level...
February 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216177/introduction-of-tele-icu-in-rural-hospitals-changing-organisational-culture-to-harness-benefits
#14
Cassie Cunningham Goedken, Jane Moeckli, Peter M Cram, Heather Schacht Reisinger
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates rural hospital staff perceptions of a telemedicine ICU (Tele-ICU) before and after implementation. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal qualitative study utilising semistructured group or individual interviews with staff from three rural ICU facilities in the upper Midwest of the United States that received Tele-ICU support. Interviews occurred pre-implementation and at two time points post-implementation. Interviews were conducted with: ICU administrators (n=6), physicians (n=3), nurses (n=9), respiratory therapists (n=5) and other (n=1) from July 2011 to May 2013...
February 16, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215842/family-attitudes-and-reactions-toward-pregnancy-among-women-with-physical-disabilities
#15
Robyn M Powell, Monika Mitra, Suzanne C Smeltzer, Linda M Long-Bellil, Lauren D Smith, Lisa I Iezzoni
BACKGROUND: Historically, people with disabilities who become parents have confronted discriminatory societal attitudes and public policies. Today, although more women with disabilities are bearing children, little is known about the perceptions of their pregnancies, even among their family members. In addition, little is understand about how family members' attitudes and reactions affect women with physical disabilities around the time of pregnancy. METHOD: This qualitative study involved interviews with 25 women with physical disabilities from across the United States who had a baby within the past 10 years...
February 16, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215469/depression-and-implicit-emotion-processing-an-eeg-study
#16
Andrey V Bocharov, Gennady G Knyazev, Alexander N Savostyanov
OBJECTIVES: Depression is one of the most prevalent mental illnesses and is associated with changes in emotion processing. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of depressive symptoms on EEG oscillatory dynamics accompanying implicit processing of angry and happy facial expressions in 46 healthy subjects. METHODS: The Beck Depression Inventory was used to assess the presence of depressive symptoms in normal subjects. During the experiment, they were told to categorize the gender of angry, neutral, or happy faces presented to them, while high-resolution EEG was recorded...
February 16, 2017: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215390/osteopathic-management-of-chronic-constipation-in-women-patients-results-of-a-pilot-study
#17
Aurélie Belvaux, Michel Bouchoucha, Robert Benamouzig
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Constipation is a common problem in western countries. The aim of this pilot study was to determine the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) for the treatment of constipated women with functional constipation (FC) or defeation disorders (DD). METHODS: Twenty-one constipated females referred to a tertiary center were recruited. A course of OMT, weekly for four weeks, was given. Clinical questionnaire, Bristol stool form scale and patients' subjective perception of constipation, bloating and abdominal pain, were recorded...
February 15, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215286/the-development-of-tactile-perception
#18
A J Bremner, C Spence
Touch is the first of our senses to develop, providing us with the sensory scaffold on which we come to perceive our own bodies and our sense of self. Touch also provides us with direct access to the external world of physical objects, via haptic exploration. Furthermore, a recent area of interest in tactile research across studies of developing children and adults is its social function, mediating interpersonal bonding. Although there are a range of demonstrations of early competence with touch, particularly in the domain of haptics, the review presented here indicates that many of the tactile perceptual skills that we take for granted as adults (e...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215265/intrinsic-and-extrinsic-predictors-of-video-gaming-behaviour-and-adolescent-bedtimes-the-relationship-between-flow-states-self-perceived-risk-taking-device-accessibility-parental-regulation-of-media-and-bedtime
#19
Lisa J Smith, Michael Gradisar, Daniel L King, Michelle Short
How computer games affect the time at which adolescents go to bed is of growing research interest; however, the intrinsic individual and extrinsic sociocultural factors mediating the relationship between gaming and sleep have received minimal attention. This paper investigates how gaming duration mediates the relationship between intrinsic factors (perception of risky events and flow) and extrinsic factors (parental regulation and media accessibility) and adolescent bedtime. Adolescents (N = 422; age = 16...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214665/when-are-night-shifts-effective-for-nursing-student-clinical-learning-findings-from-a-mixed-method-study-design
#20
Alvisa Palese, Felix Basso, Elena Del Negro, Illarj Achil, Annamaria Ferraresi, Marzia Morandini, Renzo Moreale, Irene Mansutti
BACKGROUND: Some nursing programmes offer night shifts for students while others do not, mainly due to the lack of evidence regarding their effectiveness on clinical learning. OBJECTIVES: The principal aims of the study were to describe nursing students' perceptions and to explore conditions influencing effectiveness on learning processes during night shifts. DESIGN: An explanatory mixed-method study design composed of a cross-sectional study (primary method, first phase) followed by a descriptive phenomenological study design (secondary method, second phase) in 2015...
February 11, 2017: Nurse Education Today
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