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Time Perception

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749316/-it-s-like-texting-at-the-dinner-table-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-impact-of-electronic-health-records-on-patient-physician-interaction-in-hospitals
#1
Kimberly D Pelland, Rosa R Baier, Rebekah L Gardner
nBACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) may reduce medical errors and improve care, but can complicate clinical encounters. OBJECTIVE: To describe hospital-based physicians' perceptions of the impact of EHRs on patient-physician interactions and contrast these findings against office-based physicians' perceptionsMethods: We performed a qualitative analysis of comments submitted in response to the 2014 Rhode Island Health Information Technology Survey. Office- and hospital-based physicians licensed in Rhode Island, in active practice, and located in Rhode Island or neighboring states completed the survey about their Electronic Health Record use...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749157/disentangling-the-relationship-between-gender-and-work-family-conflict-an-integration-of-theoretical-perspectives-using-meta-analytic-methods
#2
Kristen M Shockley, Winny Shen, Michael M DeNunzio, Maryana L Arvan, Eric A Knudsen
Implicit in many discussions of work-family issues is the idea that managing the work-family interface is more challenging for women than men. We address whether this intuition is supported by the empirical data via a meta-analysis of gender differences in work-family conflict (WFC) based on more than 350 independent samples (N > 250,000 workers). Challenging lay perceptions, our results demonstrate that men and women generally do not differ on their reports of WFC, though there were some modest moderating effects of dual-earner status, parental status, type of WFC (i...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748769/the-role-of-victimization-in-shaping-households-preparedness-for-armed-conflicts-in-israel
#3
Moran Bodas, Maya Siman-Tov, Shulamith Kreitler, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVES: One of the most prominent threats to the Israeli population is the risk from armed conflicts. Yet, promoting preparedness behavior proves to be highly difficult. Arguably, this is partially due to the chronic exposure of the Israeli public to this threat, a.k.a. "Victimization." The purpose of this study was to examine whether victimization plays a prominent role in shaping preparedness behavior toward armed conflicts in Israel. METHODS: An online survey of 502 participants representing the adult Jewish population in Israel was carried out...
July 27, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748487/predictions-of-speech-chimaera-intelligibility-using-auditory-nerve-mean-rate-and-spike-timing-neural-cues
#4
Michael R Wirtzfeld, Rasha A Ibrahim, Ian C Bruce
Perceptual studies of speech intelligibility have shown that slow variations of acoustic envelope (ENV) in a small set of frequency bands provides adequate information for good perceptual performance in quiet, whereas acoustic temporal fine-structure (TFS) cues play a supporting role in background noise. However, the implications for neural coding are prone to misinterpretation because the mean-rate neural representation can contain recovered ENV cues from cochlear filtering of TFS. We investigated ENV recovery and spike-time TFS coding using objective measures of simulated mean-rate and spike-timing neural representations of chimaeric speech, in which either the ENV or the TFS is replaced by another signal...
July 26, 2017: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748304/the-eye-fluke-tylodelphys-clavata-affects-prey-detection-and-intraspecific-competition-of-european-perch-perca-fluviatilis
#5
Jenny Carolina Vivas Muñoz, Georg Staaks, Klaus Knopf
Parasites that occupy the eyes of fish have the potential to affect visual perception and consequently alter the host's behaviour, as these organs provide information about their surroundings. In an experimental study, the feeding behaviour of European perch (Perca fluviatilis) infested with the eye fluke Tylodelphys clavata was examined. The results showed that an individual's ability to identify and approach food items was negatively affected by the infestation intensity of T. clavata. Additionally, the foraging success of an individual was reduced in competition with another, less heavily infested conspecific, when the same food resource was exploited...
July 27, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747887/nutrient-sensing-another-chemosensitivity-of-the-olfactory-system
#6
REVIEW
A-Karyn Julliard, Dolly Al Koborssy, Debra A Fadool, Brigitte Palouzier-Paulignan
Olfaction is a major sensory modality involved in real time perception of the chemical composition of the external environment. Olfaction favors anticipation and rapid adaptation of behavioral responses necessary for animal survival. Furthermore, recent studies have demonstrated that there is a direct action of metabolic peptides on the olfactory network. Orexigenic peptides such as ghrelin and orexin increase olfactory sensitivity, which in turn, is decreased by anorexigenic hormones such as insulin and leptin...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747870/neural-entrainment-and-sensorimotor-synchronization-to-the-beat-in-children-with-developmental-dyslexia-an-eeg-study
#7
Lincoln J Colling, Hannah L Noble, Usha Goswami
Tapping in time to a metronome beat (hereafter beat synchronization) shows considerable variability in child populations, and individual differences in beat synchronization are reliably related to reading development. Children with developmental dyslexia show impairments in beat synchronization. These impairments may reflect deficiencies in auditory perception of the beat which in turn affect auditory-motor mapping, or may reflect an independent motor deficit. Here, we used a new methodology in EEG based on measuring beat-related steady-state evoked potentials (SS-EPs, Nozaradan et al...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747470/the-third-stimulus-temporal-discrimination-threshold-focusing-on-the-temporal-processing-of-sensory-input-within-primary-somatosensory-cortex
#8
Giorgio Leodori, Alessandra Formica, Xiaoying Zhu, Antonella Conte, Daniele Belvisi, Giorgio Cruccu, Mark Hallett, Alfredo Berardelli
BACKGROUND: The somatosensory temporal discrimination threshold (STDT) has been used in recent years to investigate time processing of sensory information but little is known about the physiological correlates of somatosensory temporal discrimination. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the time interval required to discriminate between two stimuli varies according to the number of stimuli in the task. We used the Third Stimulus Temporal Discrimination Threshold (ThirdDT), defined as the shortest time interval at which an individual distinguishes a third stimulus after a pair of stimuli delivered at the STDT...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747279/portable-objective-assessment-of-upper-extremity-motor-function-in-parkinson-s-disease
#9
L M Chahine, L Uribe, P Hogarth, J McNames, A Siderowf, K Marek, D Jennings
INTRODUCTION: Objective, portable measures of motor function for out-of-office assessments are needed in Parkinson's Disease (PD). This study had 3 objectives. First, to examine change in objective motor measurements in PD (as assessed with the Objective PD Measurement (OPDM) system). Second, to correlate objective measures with clinical features and putative PD cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and dopaminergic imaging biomarkers. Third, to assess participant compliance with and perceptions of serial in-home motor assessments...
July 19, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747244/are-nurses-meeting-the-needs-of-men-in-primary-care
#10
Del Lovett, Bodil Rasmussen, Carol Holden, Patricia M Livingston
Meeting men's health needs by improving healthcare service access is a key objective of comprehensive primary health care. The aims of this qualitative study were to explore the perception of nurses in men's health services and to describe men's expectation of the nurse. The comparative component identifies the barriers and facilitators to improved access to health services. A purposive sample of 19 nurses and 20 men was recruited from metropolitan and regional settings in the state of Victoria, Australia, and each participant was interviewed individually or as part of three focus groups...
July 27, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746571/insufficient-free-time-physical-activity-and-occupational-factors-in-brazilian-public-school-teachers
#11
Douglas Fernando Dias, Mathias Roberto Loch, Alberto Durán González, Selma Maffei de Andrade, Arthur Eumann Mesas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if perceived occupational factors are associated with insufficient free-time physical activity in Brazilian public school teachers. METHODS: The relationship between insufficient physical activity (< 150 minutes/week) and variables related to work was analyzed in 978 elementary and high school teachers calculating the prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) in Poisson regression models, adjusted for sociodemographic and health variables...
July 20, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746464/elaboration-of-an-instrument-to-investigate-the-acquisition-of-minimal-contrast-perception-in-the-brazilian-sign-language
#12
Diéssica Zacarias Vargas, Carolina Lisbôa Mezzomo, Themis Maria Kessler
Purpose: To design an instrument to check the perception of minimal contrasts by through pairs of signs, which differ in one the following parameters: handshape, hand location, hand movement and hand orientation. Methods: An inventory of minimal pairs was made and some pictures were drawn by a visual artist. These pictures were organized into three columns, which could be equal or different from each other in the pair. A video file with an interpreter making two signs at a time was played to the individual taking the test and this was expected to watch the signs and point to the pictures that corresponded to them...
July 20, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746077/disrupted-offset-analgesia-distinguishes-patients-with-chronic-pain-from-healthy-controls
#13
Hiroyuki Kobinata, Eri Ikeda, Shuo Zhang, Tianjiao Li, Koshi Makita, Jiro Kurata
Offset analgesia (OA) represents a disproportionately large decrease of pain perception after a brief, temporary increment of thermal pain stimulus and was reported attenuated in patients with neuropathic pain. We examined whether OA depends on the increment duration before offset, and whether individual features of OA distinguish patients with chronic pain and healthy controls. We used a Peltier-type thermal stimulator and OA paradigms including 5-, 10-, or 15-s duration of 1°C-increment (T2) over 45°C. We first examined OA response, on the left volar forearm, at 3 different T2's in 40 healthy volunteers, and OA and constant stimulus responses in 12 patients with chronic pain and 12 matched healthy controls...
June 21, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745922/exploration-of-the-factors-affecting-the-choices-of-nursing-students-who-choose-psychiatric-nursing-as-the-first-and-last-choice
#14
Neslihan Partlak Günüşen, Zekiye Çetinkaya Duman, Figen Şengün İnan, Sevecen Çelik İnce, Ayşe Sari, Burcu Aksoy
The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the factors that affect the choices of nursing students who chose a psychiatric nursing internship. The sample group of the study consisted of 13 students who listed psychiatric nursing as their first choice and 11 students who listed psychiatric nursing as their last choice. Four themes were determined: personal reasons, stigmatization, experiences related to psychiatric nursing, and perception of care. Providing activities in nursing education to reduce stigmatization and increasing the time allocated for psychiatric nursing theory and practice are recommended...
July 26, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745453/conscious-awareness-and-time-perception
#15
Carlos Montemayor
This paper examines Zhou, Pöppel, and Bao's 2014 proposal ("In the Jungle of Time: The Concept of Identity as a Way Out," https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00844) to unify the psychology of time through a biological principle concerning identity and homeostasis. Although the present analysis largely agrees with their proposal, it argues that a Dual Model of time (see Montemayor's 2013 monograph, Minding Time: A Philosophical and Theoretical Approach to the Psychology of Time) is needed to account for two important roles in time cognition, one related to navigation and the other to conscious awareness...
July 26, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744093/origins-of-the-phototransduction-delay-as-inferred-from-stochastic-and-deterministic-simulation-of-the-amplification-cascade
#16
Alexander Yu Rotov, Luba A Astakhova, Michael L Firsov, Victor I Govardovskii
PURPOSE: To identify steps of the phototransduction cascade responsible for the delay of the photoresponse. METHODS: Electrical responses of fish (Carassius) cones and Rana ridibunda frog rods and cones were recorded with a suction pipette technique and as an aspartate-isolated mass receptor potential from isolated perfused retinas. Special attention was paid to sufficiently high temporal resolution (1-ms flash, 700 Hz amplification bandpass). Stochastic simulation of the activation steps from photon absorption to the formation of catalytically active phosphodiesterase (PDE) was performed...
2017: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744057/the-effects-of-treatment-room-lighting-color-on-time-perception-and-emotion
#17
Seulki Han, Daehee Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceived treatment times and emotional reactions under different light colors in the treatment room. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects in this study were 20 healthy young students in their 20s. Under each lighting condition (blue, red, white, and yellow) differentiated by color, each subject laid on a therapeutic bed and underwent ultrasound therapy. Subjects were instructed to press a stopwatch every 1 minute, for a total of 5 times, after therapy started according to their perception of time while the stopwatch's time indicator was blocked...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744041/the-relationship-between-physical-function-in-the-elderly-and-judgment-error-in-walking-speed
#18
Yumi Sakamoto, Yukari Ohashi
[Purpose] "Judgment error," defined as a difference between the actual and the imagined performance, is often observed in elderly persons. The aims of this study were to assess subjective judgment errors in elderly persons, and to evaluate the relationship between physical function and judgment error in walking speed. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 106 community-dwelling elderly individuals participated. Subjects observed video footage of a model walking an obstacle course, and were asked to subjectively compare the model's gait speed with their own gait speed...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743734/centriole-translocation-and-degeneration-during-ciliogenesis-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-neurons
#19
Wenjing Li, Peishan Yi, Zhiwen Zhu, Xianliang Zhang, Wei Li, Guangshuo Ou
Neuronal cilia that are formed at the dendritic endings of sensory neurons are essential for sensory perception. However, it remains unclear how the centriole-derived basal body is positioned to form a template for cilium formation. Using fluorescence time-lapse microscopy, we show that the centriole translocates from the cell body to the dendrite tip in the Caenorhabditis elegans sensory neurons. The centriolar protein SAS-5 interacts with the dynein light-chain LC8 and conditional mutations of cytoplasmic dynein-1 block centriole translocation and ciliogenesis...
July 25, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743548/identifying-barriers-to-early-mobilisation-among-mechanically-ventilated-patients-in-a-trauma-intensive-care-unit
#20
Kari Johnson, Jamie Petti, Amy Olson, Tina Custer
Mechanically ventilated patients can be at risk for functional decline (Cameron et al., 2015). Early mobilisation of mechanically ventilated patients can improve outcomes after critical illness to prevent this decline. Although registered nurses understand the importance of early mobilisation there are nurses who are unwilling to mobilise patients. AIM: The aim of this study is to examine whether nurses' attitudes and beliefs are barriers for early mobilisation and evaluate whether an education intervention can improve early mobilisation...
July 22, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
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