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Yangfeng Wu

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709263/sedentary-behavior-and-the-risk-of-depression-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes
#1
Yidan Zhu, James A Blumenthal, Chuan Shi, Ronghuan Jiang, Anushka Patel, Aihua Zhang, Xin Yu, Runlin Gao, Yangfeng Wu
Although there is good evidence that sedentary behavior is associated with poor health outcomes in healthy persons and patients with cardiovascular disease, the mental health consequences of sedentary behavior have not been widely studied. In this report, we conducted a cross-sectional analysis to examine the relation of self-reported sedentary behavior and depression in a sample of 4,043 hospitalized men and women with acute coronary syndrome enrolled in a randomized clinical trial in rural China. Sedentary behavior was assessed by self-report, and depression was assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9); a subset of 1,209 patients also completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543625/blood-pressure-lowering-drugs-and-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Wuxiang Xie, Fanfan Zheng, Evangelos Evangelou, Ou Liu, Zhenchun Yang, Queenie Chan, Paul Elliott, Yangfeng Wu
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy of five commonly used blood pressure-lowering drugs in reducing cardiovascular events among patients with nonacute cardiovascular disease, but without heart failure. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials on 18 March 2017. The primary outcome was fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events, and the secondary outcomes were all-cause death, fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarction, and stroke...
June 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507099/relation-of-dietary-sodium-salt-to-blood-pressure-and-its-possible-modulation-by-other-dietary-factors-the-intermap-study
#3
Jeremiah Stamler, Queenie Chan, Martha L Daviglus, Alan R Dyer, Linda Van Horn, Daniel B Garside, Katsuyuki Miura, Yangfeng Wu, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Liancheng Zhao, Paul Elliott
Available data indicate that dietary sodium (as salt) relates directly to blood pressure (BP). Most of these findings are from studies lacking dietary data; hence, it is unclear whether this sodium-BP relationship is modulated by other dietary factors. With control for multiple nondietary factors, but not body mass index, there were direct relations to BP of 24-hour urinary sodium excretion and the urinary sodium/potassium ratio among 4680 men and women 40 to 59 years of age (17 population samples in China, Japan, United Kingdom, and United States) in the INTERMAP (International Study on Macro/Micronutrients and Blood Pressure), and among its 2195 American participants, for example, 2 SD higher 24-hour urinary sodium excretion (118...
April 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437660/china-s-medical-research-revolution
#4
EDITORIAL
Yangfeng Wu, Daoxin Yin, Kamran Abbasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400576/effects-of-salt-substitute-on-home-blood-pressure-differs-according-to-age-and-degree-of-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-patients-and-their-families
#5
Jihong Hu, Liancheng Zhao, Brian Thompson, Yawei Zhang, Yangfeng Wu
BACKGROUND: It is known that home blood pressure (HBP) is a more reliable assessment of hypertension treatments than clinical blood pressure (BP). Despite this, HBP response to a salt substitute has only been evaluated by one study which, did not look at the salt substitute's effect on family members and did not analyze by age, gender, or BP degree. The aim of this current study was to assess the effects of a low-sodium and high-potassium salt substitute on HBP among hypertensive patients and their family members...
February 5, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306343/sodium-and-potassium-content-of-24-h-urinary-collections-a-comparison-between-field-and-laboratory-based-analysers
#6
Xuejun Yin, Bruce Neal, Maoyi Tian, Zhifang Li, Kristina Petersen, Yuichiro Komatsu, Xiangxian Feng, Yangfeng Wu
OBJECTIVE: Measurement of mean population Na and K intakes typically uses laboratory-based assays, which can add significant logistical burden and costs. A valid field-based measurement method would be a significant advance. In the current study, we used 24 h urine samples to compare estimates of Na, K and Na:K ratio based upon assays done using the field-based Horiba twin meter v. laboratory-based methods. DESIGN: The performance of the Horiba twin meter was determined by comparing field-based estimates of mean Na and K against those obtained using laboratory-based methods...
April 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179954/universal-health-coverage-and-intersectoral-action-for-health-key-messages-from-disease-control-priorities-3rd-edition
#7
REVIEW
Dean T Jamison, Ala Alwan, Charles N Mock, Rachel Nugent, David Watkins, Olusoji Adeyi, Shuchi Anand, Rifat Atun, Stefano Bertozzi, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Agnes Binagwaho, Robert Black, Mark Blecher, Barry R Bloom, Elizabeth Brouwer, Donald A P Bundy, Dan Chisholm, Alarcos Cieza, Mark Cullen, Kristen Danforth, Nilanthi de Silva, Haile T Debas, Peter Donkor, Tarun Dua, Kenneth A Fleming, Mark Gallivan, Patricia J Garcia, Atul Gawande, Thomas Gaziano, Hellen Gelband, Roger Glass, Amanda Glassman, Glenda Gray, Demissie Habte, King K Holmes, Susan Horton, Guy Hutton, Prabhat Jha, Felicia M Knaul, Olive Kobusingye, Eric L Krakauer, Margaret E Kruk, Peter Lachmann, Ramanan Laxminarayan, Carol Levin, Lai Meng Looi, Nita Madhav, Adel Mahmoud, Jean Claude Mbanya, Anthony Measham, María Elena Medina-Mora, Carol Medlin, Anne Mills, Jody-Anne Mills, Jaime Montoya, Ole Norheim, Zachary Olson, Folashade Omokhodion, Ben Oppenheim, Toby Ord, Vikram Patel, George C Patton, John Peabody, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Jinyuan Qi, Teri Reynolds, Sevket Ruacan, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan, Jaime Sepúlveda, Richard Skolnik, Kirk R Smith, Marleen Temmerman, Stephen Tollman, Stéphane Verguet, Damian G Walker, Neff Walker, Yangfeng Wu, Kun Zhao
The World Bank is publishing nine volumes of Disease Control Priorities, 3rd edition (DCP3) between 2015 and 2018. Volume 9, Improving Health and Reducing Poverty, summarises the main messages from all the volumes and contains cross-cutting analyses. This Review draws on all nine volumes to convey conclusions. The analysis in DCP3 is built around 21 essential packages that were developed in the nine volumes. Each essential package addresses the concerns of a major professional community (eg, child health or surgery) and contains a mix of intersectoral policies and health-sector interventions...
November 24, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108723/cardiovascular-respiratory-and-related-disorders-key-messages-from-disease-control-priorities-3rd-edition
#8
REVIEW
Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Shuchi Anand, David Watkins, Thomas Gaziano, Yangfeng Wu, Jean Claude Mbanya, Rachel Nugent
Cardiovascular, respiratory, and related disorders (CVRDs) are the leading causes of adult death worldwide, and substantial inequalities in care of patients with CVRDs exist between countries of high income and countries of low and middle income. Based on current trends, the UN Sustainable Development Goal to reduce premature mortality due to CVRDs by a third by 2030 will be challenging for many countries of low and middle income. We did systematic literature reviews of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness to identify priority interventions...
November 3, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951410/cost-effectiveness-of-milk-powder-fortified-with-potassium-to-decrease-blood-pressure-and-prevent-cardiovascular-events-among-the-adult-population-in-china-a-markov-model
#9
Livia Dainelli, Tingting Xu, Min Li, Diane Zimmermann, Hai Fang, Yangfeng Wu, Patrick Detzel
OBJECTIVE: To model the long-term cost-effectiveness of consuming milk powder fortified with potassium to decrease systolic blood pressure (SBP) and prevent cardiovascular events. DESIGN: A best case scenario analysis using a Markov model was conducted. PARTICIPANTS: 8.67% of 50-79 year olds who regularly consume milk in China, including individuals with and without a prior diagnosis of hypertension. INTERVENTION: The model simulated the potential impact of a daily intake of two servings of milk powder fortified with potassium (+700 mg/day) vs the consumption of a milk powder without potassium fortification, assuming a market price equal to 0...
September 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902880/cost-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-school-based-education-program-to-reduce-salt-intake-in-children-and-their-families-in-china
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Xian Li, Stephen Jan, Lijing L Yan, Alison Hayes, Yunbo Chu, Haijun Wang, Xiangxian Feng, Wenyi Niu, Feng J He, Jun Ma, Yanbo Han, Graham A MacGregor, Yangfeng Wu
OBJECTIVE: The School-based Education Program to Reduce Salt Intake in Children and Their Families study was a cluster randomized control trial among grade five students in 28 primary schools and their families in Changzhi, China. It achieved a significant effect in lowering systolic blood pressure (SBP) in all family adults by 2.3 mmHg and in elderlies (aged > = 60 years) by 9.5 mmHg. The aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of this salt reduction program. METHODS: Costs of the intervention were assessed using an ingredients approach to identify resource use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818316/predicting-in-hospital-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-china
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yong Peng, Xin Du, Kris D Rogers, Yangfeng Wu, Runlin Gao, Anushka Patel
Currently available risk scores (RSs) were derived from populations with very few participants from China. We aimed to develop an RS based on data from patients with acute coronary syndrome in China and to compare its performance with the commonly promoted Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) RS. Clinical Pathways for Acute Coronary Syndromes-Phase 2 was a trial of a quality improvement intervention in China. Patients recruited from 75 hospitals from October 2007 to August 2010 were divided into training and validation sets based on immediate or delayed implementation...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810873/six-month-adherence-to-statin-use-and-subsequent-risk-of-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-mace-in-patients-discharged-with-acute-coronary-syndromes
#12
Gaoqiang Xie, Yihong Sun, Phyo Kyaw Myint, Anushka Patel, Xingzi Yang, Min Li, Xian Li, Tao Wu, Shenshen Li, Runlin Gao, Yangfeng Wu
BACKGROUND: The evidence of adherence to statin decreasing risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) is still lack among patients discharged with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Our objective is to determine the relationship between six-month adherence to statins and subsequent risk of MACEs in patients discharged with ACS. METHODS: Using two prospective registry cohorts (CPACS-1 and -2), we analyzed data from 12,516 consecutive patients with ACS who were prescribed statin at hospital discharge and survived beyond 6 months without recurrent myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke...
August 15, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763548/effect-of-oral-methylprednisolone-on-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-iga-nephropathy-the-testing-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jicheng Lv, Hong Zhang, Muh Geot Wong, Meg J Jardine, Michelle Hladunewich, Vivek Jha, Helen Monaghan, Minghui Zhao, Sean Barbour, Heather Reich, Daniel Cattran, Richard Glassock, Adeera Levin, David Wheeler, Mark Woodward, Laurent Billot, Tak Mao Chan, Zhi-Hong Liu, David W Johnson, Alan Cass, John Feehally, Jürgen Floege, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Yangfeng Wu, Rajiv Agarwal, Hai-Yan Wang, Vlado Perkovic
Importance: Guidelines recommend corticosteroids in patients with IgA nephropathy and persistent proteinuria, but the effects remain uncertain. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of corticosteroids in patients with IgA nephropathy at risk of progression. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Therapeutic Evaluation of Steroids in IgA Nephropathy Global (TESTING) study was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized clinical trial designed to recruit 750 participants with IgA nephropathy (proteinuria greater than 1 g/d and estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] of 20 to 120 mL/min/1...
August 1, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577665/rationale-design-and-baseline-characteristics-of-the-salt-substitute-and-stroke-study-ssass-a-large-scale-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bruce Neal, Maoyi Tian, Nicole Li, Paul Elliott, Lijing L Yan, Darwin R Labarthe, Liping Huang, Xuejun Yin, Zhixin Hao, Sandrine Stepien, Jingpu Shi, Xiangxian Feng, Jianxin Zhang, Yuhong Zhang, Ruijuan Zhang, Yangfeng Wu
Lowering sodium intake with a reduced-sodium, added potassium salt substitute has been proved to lower blood pressure levels. Whether the same strategy will also reduce the risks of vascular outcomes is uncertain and controversial. The SSaSS has been designed to test whether sodium reduction achieved with a salt substitute can reduce the risk of vascular disease. The study is a large-scale, open, cluster-randomized controlled trial done in 600 villages across 5 provinces in China. Participants have either a history of stroke or an elevated risk of stroke based on age and blood pressure level at entry...
June 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509725/telmisartan-and-hydrochlorothiazide-antihypertensive-treatment-in-high-sodium-intake-population-a-randomized-double-blind-trial
#15
Puhong Zhang, Hongyi Wang, Lei Sun, Jing Zhang, Yang Xi, Yangfeng Wu, Lijing L Yan, Xian Li, Ningling Sun
OBJECTIVES: To compare the blood pressure (BP)-lowering effects of telmisartan 40 mg/day and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 25 mg/day in high sodium intake patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension in China. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind trial, eligible patients were randomly divided into telmisartan and HCTZ groups with three follow-ups scheduled on days 15, 30, and 60 after enrollment to compare BP decrease, hypokalemia, and other adverse events after intervention...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389125/use-of-cardiovascular-prevention-treatments-after-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-china-and-associated-factors
#16
Emily R Atkins, Xin Du, Yangfeng Wu, Runlin Gao, Anushka Patel, Clara K Chow
BACKGROUND: Prevention of repeat cardiovascular events is an important means of addressing the increasing burden of coronary heart disease in China, however there is minimal information about the use of cardiovascular prevention treatment following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in China. METHODS: We analysed data from baseline and 6, 12, 18, and 24-month follow-up surveys of 15,140 consecutive ACS patients recruited in 70 hospitals from 17 provinces of China. We describe the use of indicated cardiovascular prevention medicines, risk factor control, change over time and factors associated with continued prevention...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388683/factors-attributed-to-the-higher-in-hospital-mortality-of-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-patients-admitted-during-off-hour-in-comparison-with-those-during-regular-hour
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Min Li, Shenshen Li, Xin Du, Tao Wu, Xian Li, Changsheng Ma, Yong Huo, Dayi Hu, Runlin Gao, Yangfeng Wu
BACKGROUND: In-hospital mortality of patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) admitted during off-hour was reported higher than those admitted during regular hour, but which factors cause the difference remains largely unknown though the difference in medical resources was often accused. METHODS AND RESULTS: This registry-based study recruited 7456 STEMI patients prospectively from 99 level two hospitals across China. Generalized linear mixed models were applied to quantify the risk of in-hospital death attributed to admission time and the explainers of its change, accounting for the clustering of patients within hospitals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363686/treatment-and-outcomes-of-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-women-an-analysis-of-a-multicenter-quality-improvement-chinese-study
#18
Xin Du, Anushka Patel, Xian Li, Yangfeng Wu, Fiona Turnbull, Runlin Gao
BACKGROUND: Variations in care and outcomes by sex in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have been reported worldwide. The aims of this study are to describe ACS management according to sex in China and the effects of a quality improvement program in Chinese male and female ACS patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical Pathways for Acute Coronary Syndromes - Phase 2 (CPACS-2) was a cluster randomized trial to test whether a clinical pathways-based intervention would improve ACS management in China...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230322/comparative-effectiveness-and-safety-of-different-basal-insulins-in-a-real-world-setting
#19
Linong Ji, Puhong Zhang, Dongshan Zhu, Juming Lu, Xiaohui Guo, Yangfeng Wu, Xian Li, Jiachao Ji, Weiping Jia, Wenying Yang, Dajin Zou, Zhiguang Zhou, Yan Gao, Satish K Garg, Changyu Pan, Jianping Weng, Sanjoy K Paul
AIMS: To compare glucose control and safety of different basal insulin therapies (BI, including Insulin NPH, glargine and detemir) in real-world clinical settings based on a large-scale registry study. METHODS: In this multi-center 6-month prospective observational study, patients with type 2 diabetes (HbA1c ≥ 7%) who were uncontrolled by oral anti-diabetic drugs (OADs) and were willing to initiate BI therapy were enrolled from 209 hospitals within 8 regions of China...
August 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105735/observational-registry-of-basal-insulin-treatment-orbit-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-uncontrolled-with-oral-antihyperglycaemic-drugs-real-life-use-of-basal-insulin-in-china
#20
Linong Ji, Puhong Zhang, Dongshan Zhu, Xian Li, Jiachao Ji, Juming Lu, Xiaohui Guo, Weiping Jia, Jianping Weng, Yangfeng Wu, Wenying Yang, Dajin Zou, Zhiguang Zhou, Changyu Pan, Yan Gao, Satish K Garg
AIMS: To examine treatment patterns following basal insulin (BI) introduction in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients under real-world conditions across China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Overall, 18 995 patients inadequately controlled (HbA1c ≥ 53 mmol/mol [7%]) with oral antihyperglycaemic drugs (OADs) and willing to receive BI treatment were registered at 209 hospitals and followed at baseline (visit 1), 3 months (visit 2) and 6 months (visit 3)...
June 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
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