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young carcinoma breast

Andrew Wood, Fiona Young, James Morrison, Brendon I Conn
We present a case of sclerosing odontogenic carcinoma (SOC) occurring on the hard palate of a 43-year-old female. The tumor presented as an asymptomatic firm swelling and histopathologically was characterized by widely dispersed nests and cords of bland cells infiltrating between hyalinized collagen fibers. Prominent perineural and intraneural invasion and erosion of bone was noted. The tumor cells showed staining with antibodies to pan-cytokeratin (PanCK), cytokeratin 19 (CK19), cytokeratin 5/6 (CK5/6), cytokeratin 14 (CK14), p63 and E-cadherin, but no staining with antibodies to carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cytokeratin 7 (CK7), cytokeratin 20 (CK20), estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) or S100...
July 25, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Kyu Ran Cho, Bo Kyoung Seo, Ok Hee Woo, Sung Eun Song, Jungsoon Choi, Shin Young Whang, Eun Kyung Park, Ah Young Park, Hyeseon Shin, Hwan Hoon Chung
PURPOSE: We aimed to compare the detection of breast cancer using full-field digital mammography (FFDM), FFDM with computer-aided detection (FFDM+CAD), ultrasound (US), and FFDM+CAD plus US (FFDM+CAD+US), and to investigate the factors affecting cancer detection. METHODS: In this retrospective study conducted from 2008 to 2012, 48,251 women underwent FFDM and US for cancer screening. One hundred seventy-one breast cancers were detected: 115 invasive cancers and 56 carcinomas in situ...
September 2016: Journal of Breast Cancer
Sang Yu Nam, Eun Young Ko, Boo-Kyung Han, Jung Hee Shin, Eun Sook Ko, Soo Yeon Hahn
PURPOSE: This study assessed the incidence and cancer rate of probably benign lesions detected on bilateral whole-breast screening ultrasound (US), which corresponded to US Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) category 3, and evaluated the proper management of those lesions. METHODS: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board in our institution, which waived informed patient consent. We retrospectively reviewed US images of 1,666 patients who underwent bilateral whole-breast screening US as a supplemental screening test to negative screening mammography or screening US only...
September 2016: Journal of Breast Cancer
C S Daly, P Shaw, L D Ordonez, G T Williams, J Quist, A Grigoriadis, J H Van Es, H Clevers, A R Clarke, K R Reed
Aberrant Wnt signaling within breast cancer is associated with poor prognosis, but regulation of this pathway in breast tissue remains poorly understood and the consequences of immediate or long-term dysregulation remain elusive. The exact contribution of the Wnt-regulating proteins adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) and APC2 in the pathogenesis of human breast cancer are ill-defined, but our analysis of publically available array data sets indicates that tumors with concomitant low expression of both proteins occurs more frequently in the 'triple negative' phenotype, which is a subtype of breast cancer with particularly poor prognosis...
October 3, 2016: Oncogene
Young Jae Lee, Shin Wha Lee, Kyu Rae Kim, Kyung Hae Jung, Jong Won Lee, Yong Man Kim
OBJECTIVE: Most BRCA1/2 carriers do not undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) by the recommended age. This study aimed to find the incidence of precursor lesions and cancer after RRSO. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed breast cancer patients identified as BRCA mutation carriers who underwent RRSO at Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea, from 2010 to 2014. From 2013, all cases were examined according to the Sectioning and Extensively Examining the Fimbria (SEE/FIM) protocol and underwent immunohistochemically staining...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Hyo Seok Lee, Jun Young Ha, Won Choi, Kyung Chul Yoon
PURPOSE: An antineoplastic drug, paclitaxel, is widely used in small cell lung cancer, breast cancer, and ovarian cancer. We report a case of bilateral, vision-impairing corneal epithelial lesions that developed in a patient receiving paclitaxel monotherapy for breast cancer. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old woman presented with a 1-month history of bilateral visual disturbances. She had been receiving paclitaxel chemotherapy after modified radical mastectomy for invasive ductal carcinoma in her left breast...
October 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Soon Young Shin, Chang Gun Kim, You Jung Jung, Yoongho Lim, Young Han Lee
(E)-3-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-(2-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one (DPP23) is a synthetic polyphenol derivative that selectively induces apoptosis in cancer cells through the unfolded protein response pathway. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of DPP23 on tumour invasion and metastasis. Here, we show that DPP23 inhibited tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα)-induced motility, F-actin formation, and the invasive capability of MDA-MB-231 cells. DPP23 inhibited NF-κB-dependent MMP-9 expression at the transcriptional level...
2016: Scientific Reports
Hee Young Na, Ji-Young Choe, Seon Ah Shin, Ho-Kyung Choung, Sohee Oh, Jin-Haeng Chung, Mira Park, Ji Eun Kim
Despite recent progress in comprehensive genetic analysis, little is known about the molecular pathogenesis of sebaceous carcinoma. On the basis of the ontogenic proximity of sebaceous and mammary glands, we designed an intrinsic classification for sebaceous carcinoma adapted from that of breast cancer and evaluated its clinical significance. We investigated 42 cases of sebaceous carcinoma, including 32 ocular and 10 extraocular cases. Immunohistochemical analyses for estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), androgen receptor (AR), HER2, Ki67, and CK5/6 and fluorescence in situ hybridization for the HER2 gene were performed...
September 14, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Bader Hamza Shirah, Hamza Assad Shirah
BACKGROUND: The increased risk for malignant tumors associated with male gynecomastia has been well established and many authors have reported cases of concurrent gynecomastia and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in the same breast. Synchronous bilateral breast cancer in association with gynecomastia is exceptionally rare. We aim to report and evaluate the management outcome of 5 cases of gynecomastia associated with DCIS (1 bilateral and 4 unilateral). METHODS: A retrospective database analysis of the surgical treatment outcome of 74 male patients who had gynecomastia was done...
July 28, 2016: Breast Disease
Conny Vrieling, Erik van Werkhoven, Philippe Maingon, Philip Poortmans, Caroline Weltens, Alain Fourquet, Dominic Schinagl, Bing Oei, Carla C Rodenhuis, Jean-Claude Horiot, Henk Struikmans, Erik Van Limbergen, Youlia Kirova, Paula Elkhuizen, Rudolf Bongartz, Raymond Miralbell, David A L Morgan, Jean-Bernard Dubois, Vincent Remouchamps, René-Olivier Mirimanoff, Guus Hart, Sandra Collette, Laurence Collette, Harry Bartelink
Importance: Prognostic factors of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) may change over time following breast-conserving therapy. Objective: The EORTC "boost no boost" trial showed that young age and high-grade invasive carcinoma were the most important risk factors for IBTR. This study reanalyses pathological prognostic factors related to IBTR using long-term follow-up. Design, Setting, and Participants: Participants included 5569 early-stage breast cancer patients, treated with breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and whole-breast irradiation (WBI), who were randomized between no boost and a 16-Gy boost in the EORTC phase III "boost no boost" trial (1989-1996)...
September 8, 2016: JAMA Oncology
Allison M Jay, Anthony S Hamame, Carrie Dul, Cheryl Wesen
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is rare in adolescents. In one study, breast carcinoma accounted for 0.02% of breast masses surgically removed in young women. We report a case of breast cancer in a 19-year-old woman who was found to have Li-Fraumeni Syndrome. CASE: The patient presented with a new, hard, nonmobile lump in the right breast which prompted her to seek medical attention. A biopsy identified invasive ductal carcinoma. Genetic testing showed a p53 mutation associated with Li-Fraumeni syndrome...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Woo Jung Choi, Joo Hee Cha, Hak Hee Kim, Hee Jung Shin, Eun Young Chae
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to compare the accuracy of different magnetic resonance (MR) sequences for measuring tumor size and to evaluate whether the imaging and histopathologic features affect the accuracy of the tumor size estimation on the MR sequence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight hundred women were included. The maximum diameter of the tumor was measured on T2-weighted (T2W) sequences, early-subtracted dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) T1-weighted (T1W) sequences, and maximal intensity projection (MIP) reconstructions...
July 29, 2016: Clinical Breast Cancer
Marco Perez, Javier Peinado-Serrano, Jose Manuel Garcia-Heredia, Irene Felipe-Abrio, Cristina Tous, Irene Ferrer, Javier Martin-Broto, Carmen Saez, Amancio Carnero
Sarcomas are malignant tumors accounting for a high percentage of cancer morbidity and mortality in children and young adults. Surgery and radiation therapy are the accepted treatments for most sarcomas; however, patients with metastatic disease are treated with systemic chemotherapy. Many tumors display marginal levels of chemoresponsiveness, and new treatment approaches are needed. MAP17 is a small non-glycosylated membrane protein overexpressed in carcinomas. The levels of MAP17 could be used as a prognostic marker to predict the response to bortezomib in hematological malignancies and in breast tumors...
August 22, 2016: Oncotarget
Eun Young Chae, Hee Jung Shin, Suhkmann Kim, Hyeon-Man Baek, Dahye Yoon, Siwon Kim, Ye Eun Shim, Hak Hee Kim, Joo Hee Cha, Woo Jung Choi, Jeong Hyun Lee, Ji Hoon Shin, Hee Jin Lee, Gyungyub Gong
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of high-resolution magic angle spinning (HR-MAS) 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy in patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) diagnosed on preoperative biopsy. We investigated whether the metabolic profiling of tissue samples using HR-MAS 1H NMR spectroscopy could be used to distinguish between DCIS lesions with or without an invasive component. Our institutional review board approved this combined retrospective and prospective study. Tissue samples were collected from 30 patients with pure DCIS and from 30 with DCIS accompanying invasive carcinoma...
2016: PloS One
Amanda N Henning, Jill D Haag, Bart M G Smits, Michael N Gould
In understanding the etiology of breast cancer, the contributions of both genetic and environmental risk factors are further complicated by the impact of breast developmental stage. Specifically, the time period ranging from childhood to young adulthood represents a critical developmental window in a woman's life when she is more susceptible to environmental hazards that may affect future breast cancer risk. Although the effects of environmental exposures during particular developmental Windows of Susceptibility (WOS) are well documented, the genetic mechanisms governing these interactions are largely unknown...
August 2016: PLoS Genetics
Hyun Kyung Kong, Sae Jeong Park, Ye Sol Kim, Kyoung Min Kim, Hyun-Woo Lee, Hyeok-Gu Kang, Yu Mi Woo, Eun Young Park, Je Yeong Ko, Hiromu Suzuki, Kyung-Hee Chun, Erwei Song, Kyu Yun Jang, Jong Hoon Park
The role of lymphocyte antigen 6 complex, locus K (LY6K) in breast cancer has been studied, whereas the epigenetic control of LY6K transcription is not fully understood. Here, we report that breast cancer patients with increased LY6K expression had shorter disease-free and overall survival than the patients with low levels of LY6K by multivariate analysis. LY6K also was upregulated in breast cancer patients with distant metastases than those without distant metastases, downregulating E-cadherin expression. Furthermore, xenograft tumor volumes from LY6K knockdown nude mice were reduced than those of mice treated with control lentivirus...
August 1, 2016: Oncotarget
M Grimm, T Biegner, P Teriete, S Hoefert, M Krimmel, A Munz, S Reinert
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown an increase in the incidence of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in younger patients. The hypothesis that tumors could be hormonally induced during pregnancy or in young female patients without the well-known risk factors alcohol or tobacco abuse seems to be plausible. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Estrogen Receptor alpha (ERα) and Progesterone Receptor (PR) expression were analyzed in normal oral mucosa (n=5), oral precursor lesions (simple hyperplasia, n=11; squamous intraepithelial neoplasia, SIN I-III, n=35), and OSCC specimen...
2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Laurent Quéro, Sophie Guillerm, Naila Taright, Sophie Michaud, Luis Teixeira, Laurence Cahen-Doidy, Edwige Bourstyn, Marc Espié, Christophe Hennequin
PURPOSE: Breast conserving treatment, consisting of lumpectomy followed by whole-breast irradiation, is considered the standard of care in early-stage breast cancer. Randomized studies have reported that delivering boost doses to tumor bed improves local control rates, particularly in young women. This study sought to evaluate local control and cosmetic results of delivering boost doses using a high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy (HDRBT) in breast cancer conservative treatment. METHODS: We included 621 T1-T2, N0-N1 breast cancer patients who underwent lumpectomy, external irradiation (44Gy over 5weeks), and a boost dose of two fractions of 5Gy to the tumor bed by means of HDR iridium brachytherapy...
July 26, 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
So Jeong Lee, Cheong-Soo Hwang, Young-Keum Kim, Hyun Jung Lee, Sang-Jeong Ahn, Nari Shin, Jung Hee Lee, Dong Hoon Shin, Kyung Un Choi, Do Youn Park, Chang Hun Lee, Gi Young Huh, Mi Young Sol, Hee Jin Lee, Gyungyub Gong, Jee Yeon Kim, Ahrong Kim
Purpose: The prognostic significance of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) has been determined in breast cancers. Interferons can affect T cell activity through direct and indirect mechanisms. Myxovirus resistance A (MxA) is an excellent marker of interferon activity. Here, we evaluated TILs and MxA expression in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancers. Materials and Methods: Ninety cases of hormone receptor (HR)+/HER2+ tumors and 78 cases of HR-/HER2+ tumors were included...
July 7, 2016: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Hee Seung Lee, Young Jun Chai, Su-Jin Kim, June Young Choi, Kyu Eun Lee
PURPOSE: Obesity is associated with a number of medical comorbidities and is considered a risk factor for surgical complications. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of body habitus including obesity on the surgical outcomes of the Bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) robotic thyroidectomy (RoT) in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients. METHODS: The medical records of 456 PTC patients who underwent BABA RoT between January 2011 and December 2012 were reviewed, and 310 women PTC patients who had undergone BABA robotic total thyroidectomy with central lymph node dissection were examined...
July 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
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