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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150142/association-between-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-cancer-incidence-rate
#1
Gi-Ae Kim, Han Chu Lee, Jaewon Choe, Min-Ju Kim, Min Jung Lee, Hye-Sook Chang, In Young Bae, Hong-Kyu Kim, Jihyun An, Ju Hyun Shim, Kang Mo Kim, Young-Suk Lim
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and cancer development. This study investigated the cancer incidence rates in NAFLD and analysed the association between NAFLD and cancer development. METHODS: This historical cohort study included subjects who were followed up for >1 year after having a heath checkup at a tertiary hospital in Korea from September 1, 2004 to December 31, 2005. NAFLD was diagnosed by ultrasonographic detection of hepatic steatosis in the absence of other known liver disease, including alcoholic or viral hepatitis...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145250/consort-independent-prognostic-value-of-asphericity-of-pretherapeutic-f-18-fdg-uptake-by-primary-tumors-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#2
Ji-Hoon Jung, Seung Hyun Son, Do-Hoon Kim, Jeeyeon Lee, Shin Young Jeong, Sang-Woo Lee, Ho Yong Park, Jaetae Lee, Byeong-Cheol Ahn
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic implication of asphericity (ASP); spatial irregularity; of pretherapeutic F 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-D-glucose (F FDG) tumor uptake in patients with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) of the breast. METHODS: One hundred thirty-one female IDC patients (mean age = 48.1 ± 10.4 years), with pathological tumor size greater than 2 cm were retrospectively evaluated using F FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139585/metaplastic-spindle-cell-carcinoma-of-the-breast-in-a-patient-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#3
Han Shin Lee, Eun Jung Jung, Ju Yeon Kim, Eun Jin Song, Chi Young Jeong, Young Tae Ju, Young Joon Lee, Soon Chan Hong, Bo Hwa Choi, Hyang Im Lee
We report a unique case of a 67-year-old woman with neurofibromatosis type 1, who was also diagnosed with metaplastic spindle cell carcinoma of the left breast. She had many neurofibromatosis lesions on her body, as well as the mass in the left breast. After the breast mass was diagnosed as a malignant mesenchymal tumor by core needle biopsy, the patient underwent left modified radical mastectomy. Subsequently, the pathological analysis of the tumor showed it to be a metaplastic spindle cell carcinoma. The co-occurrence of neurofibromatosis type 1 and breast cancer, in particular metaplastic spindle cell carcinoma, is very rare...
November 15, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139086/diagnostic-approaches-for-salivary-gland-tumors-with-secretory-and-microcystic-features
#4
Ha Young Woo, Eun Chang Choi, Sun Och Yoon
Secretory carcinoma (SC) of the salivary gland is a new entity that shares the unique morphologic features and cytogenetic characteristics of the ETV6-NTRK3 fusion gene with its breast counterpart. Before identification of SC of the salivary gland, it was most frequently diagnosed as acinic cell carcinoma (AciCC). We retrospectively reviewed our own database of salivary gland tumors harboring microcystic and papillary architecture and/or secretory features that were originally diagnosed as AciCC. We selected nine cases of AciCC showing diffuse S-100 expression on immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
November 14, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137072/volume-based-metabolic-parameter-of-breast-cancer-on-preoperative-18f-fdg-pet-ct-could-predict-axillary-lymph-node-metastasis
#5
Young-Sil An, Doo Kyoung Kang, Yongsik Jung, Tae Hee Kim
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the association between metabolic parameters on FDG PET/CT and axillary lymph node metastasis (ALNM) in patients with invasive breast cancer.From January 2012 to December 2012, we analyzed 173 patients with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) who underwent both initial breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) examinations. All metabolic parameters were measured from the tumor volume segmented by a gradient-based method...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101559/robotic-assisted-modified-radical-neck-dissection-using-a-bilateral-axillo-breast-approach-robotic-baba-mrnd-for-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-with-lateral-lymph-node-metastasis
#6
Hyeong Won Yu, Young Jun Chai, Su-Jin Kim, June Young Choi, Kyu Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: Although safe in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), robotic thyroidectomy using a bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) has not been frequently performed in patients with advanced PTC. This study describes surgical outcomes in patients with PTC and lymph node metastasis (LNM) in lateral neck compartment who underwent robotic-assisted modified radical neck dissection with BABA (robotic BABA MRND). METHODS: The medical records of patients with PTC and lateral LNM who underwent robotic BABA MRND from March 2010 to July 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 3, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065970/zinc-finger-protein-143-expression-is-closely-related-to-tumor-malignancy-via-regulating-cell-motility-in-breast-cancer
#7
A Rome Paek, Ji Young Mun, Kyeong-Man Hong, Jongkeun Lee, Dong Wan Hong, Hye Jin You
We previously reported the involvement of zinc-finger protein 143(ZNF143) on cancer cell motility in colon cancer cells. Here, ZNF143 was further characterized in breast cancer. Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of ZNF143 in normal tissues and in tissues from metastatic breast cancer at various stages. Notably, ZNF143 was selectively expressed in duct and gland epithelium of normal breast tissues, which decreased when the tissue became malignant. To determine the molecular mechanism how ZNF143 affects breast cancer progression, it was knocked down by infecting benign breast cancer cells with short-hairpin(sh) RNA-lentiviral particles against ZNF143(MCF7 sh-ZNF143)...
October 25, 2017: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056854/postoperative-radiotherapy-for-invasive-micropapillary-carcinoma-of-the-breast-an-analysis-of-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-database
#8
San-Gang Wu, Wen-Wen Zhang, Jia-Yuan Sun, Feng-Yan Li, Yong-Xiong Chen, Zhen-Yu He
INTRODUCTION: Invasive micropapillary carcinoma (IMPC) of the breast poses a high risk of locoregional recurrence, and postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) may be beneficial in IMPC. Hence, we determined the clinical value of PORT in IMPC patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We assessed clinicopathological factors extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (2004-2013). Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regressions were performed to assess the independent prognostic factors on breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) and overall survival (OS)...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045526/lag-3-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-breast-cancer-clinical-correlates-and-association-with-pd-1-pd-l1-tumors
#9
S Burugu, D Gao, S Leung, S K Chia, T O Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Novel immune checkpoint blockade strategies are being evaluated in clinical trials and include targeting the lymphocyte activation gene 3 (LAG-3) checkpoint, alone or in combination with PD-1/PD-L1 blockade. We investigated LAG-3 expression and its prognostic value in a large series of breast cancer patients, and correlated LAG-3 expression with key biomarkers including PD-1 and PD-L1. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: LAG-3 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC) on two tissue microarray series incorporating 4322 breast cancer primary excision specimens (N=330 in the training and N= 3,992 in the validation set) linked to detailed clinico-pathological, biomarker and long term clinical outcome data...
September 25, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045292/ovarian-metastases-of-breast-cancers-with-signet-ring-cells-a-report-of-17-cases-including-14-krukenberg-tumors
#10
Jennifer A Bennett, Robert H Young, Ai-Ying Chuang, Melinda F Lerwill
Krukenberg tumor, defined as metastatic adenocarcinoma to the ovary containing at least 10% signet ring cells, usually arises from the stomach but can also originate from other sites. We reviewed 17 metastatic breast carcinomas to the ovary with signet ring cells to potentially identify features indicative of mammary origin as opposed to other possible primary sites. The patients ranged from 41 to 76 (mean, 53.6) yr. Fourteen had a prior history of invasive breast carcinoma (invasive ductal carcinoma, 4; invasive lobular carcinoma, 3; adenocarcinoma not otherwise specified, 3; carcinoma with ductal and lobular features, 2; and unspecified carcinoma, 2) and metastases were identified 2 to 284 (mean, 79) mo after the original diagnosis...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029040/herbacetin-suppresses-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-melanoma-cell-growth-by-targeting-akt-and-odc
#11
Dong Joon Kim, Mee-Hyun Lee, KangDong Liu, Do Young Lim, Eunmiri Roh, Hanyong Chen, Sung-Hyun Kim, Jung-Hyun Shim, Myoung Ok Kim, Wenwen Li, Fayang Ma, Mangaladoss Fredimoses, Ann M Bode, Zigang Dong
Herbacetin is a flavonol compound that is found in plants such as flaxseed and ramose scouring rush herb, it possesses a strong antioxidant capacity, and exerts anticancer effects on colon and breast cancer. However, the effect of herbacetin on skin cancer has not been investigated. Herein, we identified herbacetin as a dual V-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog (AKT) and ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) inhibitor, and illustrated its anticancer effects in vitro and in vivo against cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and melanoma cell growth...
October 26, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021812/fine-needle-aspiration-of-spindle-cell-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-of-the-breast-a-case-report-and-the-use-of-ancillary-tests-for-the-differential-diagnosis-of-metaplastic-carcinoma
#12
Yosep Chong, Young Sub Lee, Tae-Jung Kim, Woo-Chan Park, Chang Suk Kang, Eun Jung Lee
Spindle cell ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a recently recognized subtype of DCIS, which is associated with a very rare and unique morphology. Although the histologic features have been relatively well described in a few reports, the cytologic features have not. Even though the distinction of this lesion from usual DCIS is not crucial clinically, it should be noted that this lesion might simulate the features of metaplastic carcinoma on fine needle aspiration cytology. Here, we report a case of spindle cell DCIS in a 45-year-old female, with the detailed cytologic features, both on conventional and liquid-based preparations, along with some useful immunohistochemical staining markers for the differential diagnosis...
2017: CytoJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989927/metastatic-uterine-cancer-looking-as-cervical-fibroid-in-recurrent-breast-cancer-woman-a-case-report
#13
So Young Seo, Jin Yong Shin, Yong Il Ji
Metastasis to the female genital tract from extragenital primary cancer is uncommon. In this case, a 46-year-old woman was diagnosed with invasive lobular carcinoma of the left breast in 2011. She had left breast conserving surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and hormonal therapy (gosereline and tamoxifen). However, she developed menorrhagia after interruption of hormonal therapy and incidentally, the ultrasonogram of her pelvis showed a solid, large mass in the cervix. It looked like leiomyoma. Because of massive vaginal bleeding requiring multiple blood transfusions, she underwent total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy...
September 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967175/patterns-of-care-and-outcomes-among-triple-negative-early-breast-cancer-patients-in-south-western-sydney
#14
Sayeda Naher, Annette Tognela, Eugene Moylan, Diana H Adams, Belinda E Kiely
AIM: We describe the patterns of care and outcomes of women with triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) treated at two cancer centres in Sydney, NSW, Australia, to help oncologists talk to women with this subtype of breast cancer about their likely prognosis. METHODS: We searched the electronic medical record for women with stage I to III, TNBC diagnosed from 2006 to 2014. For each woman we recorded demographics, tumour characteristics, treatment details, recurrences and survival using the Kaplan Meier method...
October 2, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958942/immunohistochemical-evalulation-of-activated-ras-and-rac1-as-potential-downstream-effectors-of-aquaporin-5-in-breast-cancer-in%C3%A2-vivo
#15
Helene H Jensen, Frédéric H Login, Ji-Young Park, Tae-Hwan Kwon, Lene N Nejsum
Aberrant levels of aquaporin-5 (AQP5) expression have been observed in several types of cancer, including breast cancer, where AQP5 overexpression is associated with metastasis and poor prognosis. In cultured cancer cells, AQP5 facilitates cell migration and activates Ras signaling. Both increased cell migration and Ras activation are associated with cancer metastasis, but so far it is unknown if AQP5 also affects these processes in vivo. Therefore, we investigated if high AQP5 expression in breast cancer tissue correlated with increased activation of Ras and of Rac1, which is a GTPase also involved in cell migration...
November 25, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941977/trends-in-treatment-patterns-and-clinical-outcomes-in-young-women-diagnosed-with-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ
#16
Hannah Lui Park, Jenny Chang, Gagandeep Lal, Krustina Lal, Argyrios Ziogas, Hoda Anton-Culver
BACKGROUND: Although it is known that the risk of a second breast cancer event among young women diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is higher than in older women, the effect of current treatment options on long-term outcomes in this subgroup of women remains poorly defined. We aimed to evaluate national treatment trends and determine their effect on second breast cancer risk and overall survival among young women diagnosed with DCIS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results data from 1998 to 2011 were used to analyze 3648 DCIS patients younger than age 40 years...
August 10, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932733/pectoral-nerve-block-pecs-block-with-sedation-for-breast-conserving-surgery-without-general-anesthesia
#17
Eun-Jin Moon, Seung-Beom Kim, Jun-Young Chung, Jeong-Yoon Song, Jae-Woo Yi
Most regional anesthesia in breast surgeries is performed as postoperative pain management under general anesthesia, and not as the primary anesthesia. Regional anesthesia has very few cardiovascular or pulmonary side-effects, as compared with general anesthesia. Pectoral nerve block is a relatively new technique, with fewer complications than other regional anesthesia. We performed Pecs I and Pec II block simultaneously as primary anesthesia under moderate sedation with dexmedetomidine for breast conserving surgery in a 49-year-old female patient with invasive ductal carcinoma...
September 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900476/breast-cancer-in-angola-molecular-subtypes-a-first-glance
#18
Fernando Miguel, Lygia Vieira Lopes, Eduardo Ferreira, Emília Ribas, Alexis Fuentes Pelaez, Conceição Leal, Teresina Amaro, Paula Lopes, Cristina Mendes Santos, Carlos Lopes, Lúcio Lara Santos
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the breast cancer (BC) molecular subtypes according to its surrogate immunohistochemistry (IHC) markers. We conducted a preliminary study, to correlate the clinical pathological profiles and molecular subtypes of breast cancer in Luanda, Angola. METHODS: From January 2011 to 30 December 2014, 140 consecutive cases of microscopically confirmed invasive breast carcinoma were classified regarding histology and IHC (ER, PR, HER2, and Ki-67)...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894982/severe-depression-more-common-in-patients-with-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-than-early-stage-invasive-breast-cancer-patients
#19
M L Gregorowitsch, H J G D van den Bongard, D A Young-Afat, J P Pignol, C H van Gils, A M May, H M Verkooijen
PURPOSE: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is associated with an excellent prognosis; historical studies have shown similar levels of psychological distress in patients with DCIS and with early-stage invasive breast cancer (early-IBC). It is suggested that these results might have led to better patient education about prognosis after DCIS. This study reports the current levels of anxiety, depression, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in DCIS and early-IBC patients. METHODS: DCIS (n = 89) and early-IBC patients, T1-2N0, (n = 361) were selected from the UMBRELLA breast cancer cohort...
September 11, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822001/trends-in-stage-specific-breast-cancer-incidence-in-new-south-wales-australia-insights-into-the-effects-of-25%C3%A2-years-of-screening-mammography
#20
Gemma Jacklyn, Kevin McGeechan, Les Irwig, Nehmat Houssami, Stephen Morrell, Katy Bell, Alexandra Barratt
PURPOSE: Screening mammography aims to improve breast cancer (BC) prognosis by increasing the incidence of early-stage tumours in order to decrease the incidence of late-stage cancer, but no reports have investigated these potential effects in an Australian population. Therefore we aimed to identify temporal trends in stage-specific BC in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, between 1972 and 2012. METHODS: An observational study of women who received a diagnosis of BC from 1972-2012 as recorded in the NSW Cancer Registry, a population-based registry with almost complete coverage and high rates of histological verification...
August 19, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
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