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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426850/second-primary-malignant-neoplasms-and-survival-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#1
Theresa H M Keegan, Archie Bleyer, Aaron S Rosenberg, Qian Li, Melanie Goldfarb
Importance: Although the increased incidence of second primary malignant neoplasms (SPMs) is a well-known late effect after cancer, few studies have compared survival after an SPM to survival of the same cancer occurring as first primary malignant neoplasm (PM) by age. Objective: To assess the survival impact of SPMs in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) (15-39 years) compared with that of pediatric (<15 years) and older adult (≥40 years) patients with the same SPMs...
April 20, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425758/agreement-between-mri-and-pathologic-analyses-for-determination-of-tumor-size-and-correlation-with-immunohistochemical-factors-of-invasive-breast-carcinoma
#2
Eun Young Yoo, Sang Yu Nam, Hye-Young Choi, Min Ji Hong
Background There may be discordance between tumor size determined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and that observed during pathologic analyses. Purpose To evaluate MRI-pathology concordance of tumor size in patients with invasive breast carcinoma. Material and Methods Data from 307 invasive breast carcinomas were analyzed retrospectively. Preoperative breast MRI was reviewed for size, lesion type, morphology, and dynamic contrast-enhanced tumor kinetics. MRI tumor size was compared with tumor size measurements from the pathologic analysis...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420303/juvenile-papillomatosis-swiss-cheese-disease-of-breast-in-an-adult-male-with-sequential-diagnoses-of-ipsilateral-intraductal-invasive-and-widely-metastatic-carcinoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-disease-in-males
#3
Kartik Viswanathan, Brian McMillen, Esther Cheng, Timothy D'Alfonso, Ami Patel, Syed A Hoda
Juvenile papillomatosis of the breast (JPB, also known as Swiss cheese disease) is a rare ailment that typically afflicts young females, and presents as a mass-forming lesion. The lesional mass usually comprises multiple cysts and duct stasis, amid a variety of proliferative and nonproliferative epithelial changes. The proliferative changes include papillary hyperplasia, florid hyperplasia, and papillary apocrine hyperplasia. Concurrent carcinoma (either in situ or invasive) is present in approximately 10% of cases at presentation, and subsequent carcinoma (either in situ or invasive) is diagnosed in about 10% of patients...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382089/basic-facts-of-breast-cancer-in-korea-in-2014-the-10-year-overall-survival-progress
#4
REVIEW
Eun Hwa Park, Sun Young Min, Zisun Kim, Chan Seok Yoon, Kyu-Won Jung, Seok Jin Nam, Se Jeong Oh, Seeyoun Lee, Byeong-Woo Park, Woosung Lim, Min Hee Hur
We, the Korean Breast Cancer Society (KBCS), present the facts and the trends of breast cancer in Korea in 2014. Data on the total number of newly diagnosed patients was obtained from the Korea Central Cancer Registry database, other data were collected from the KBCS online registry database, and the overall survival data of patients were updated from Statistics Korea. A total of 21,484 female patients were newly diagnosed with breast cancer in 2014. The crude incidence rate and the age-standardized incidence rate (ASR) of breast cancer in female patients, including carcinoma in situ, were 83...
March 2017: Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323387/induction-of-tumor-regression-by-intratumoral-sting-agonists-combined-with-anti-programmed-death-l1-blocking-antibody-in-a-preclinical-squamous-cell-carcinoma-model
#5
Shekhar K Gadkaree, Juan Fu, Rupashree Sen, Michael J Korrer, Clint Allen, Young J Kim
BACKGROUND: Cyclic dinucleotides (CDNs) are bacterial intracellular messengers that have demonstrated antitumor activity in melanoma and breast tumors, although their role in immunotherapy of head and neck squamous cell cancers (HNSCCs) has not been well investigated. METHODS: We measured primary tumor growth rates, mechanism of antitumor activity, and efficacy of programmed death-L1 blockade combinatorial therapy in SCCFVII tumor-bearing C3H/HeOUJ mice undergoing intratumoral injections with RR-cyclic-di-guanine (synthetic CDG), CDG (natural cyclic-di-guanine), R848 (TLR 7/8 agonist), or phosphate buffered saline (PBS, control)...
March 21, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292362/invasive-ductal-carcinoma-correlation-of-immunophenotypic-features-with-age
#6
Fouzia Lateef, Saba Jamal, Surrayya Nasir, Zainab Jamil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of hormone receptors and Her2neu expression and their correlation with age in patients of carcinoma breast. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Histopathology, Dr. Ziauddin Hospital, Karachi, between the period 2006 - 2013. METHODOLOGY: Estrogen receptors, progesterone receptors and Her2neu immunohistochemical staining was performed on all specimens of carcinoma breast of female patients...
January 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288473/expression-pattern-of-smad4-gata3-as-a-predictor-of-survival-in-invasive-ductal-carcinoma-of-the-breast
#7
Kyueng-Whan Min, Dong-Hoon Kim, Sung-Im Do, Seoung Wan Chae, Kyungeun Kim, Jin Hee Sohn, Hyun Joo Lee, In-Gu Do, Jung-Soo Pyo, Yuil Kim, Dong Hyun Kim, Jung-Ho Yang, Sang-Jo Lee, Young Ha Oh, Sukjoong Oh, Seon Hyeong Choi, Yong Lai Park, Chan Heun Park, Eun-Kyung Kim, Mi Jung Kwon, Jinwon Seo
BACKGROUND: Smad4 and GATA3 proteins are known prognostic markers in various cancers. Smad4 is a mediator linked to both tumour suppression and progression. GATA3 is a regulator of development and morphogenesis of the mammary gland. We assessed and compared the predictive performance of Smad4 and GATA3 for clinical outcomes in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: The combined expression pattern based on Smad4+/- and GATA3+/- was evaluated by immunostaining using breast cancer tissue microarray, and the relationships between protein expression and clinicopathological variables were analysed...
March 14, 2017: Pathobiology: Journal of Immunopathology, Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252304/-successful-ovarian-tissue-transplantation-in-woman-with-premature-ovarian-failure-after-gonadotoxic-treatment
#8
T Mardešić, L Jelínková, L Melicharová
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate successful restoration of ovarian function after ovarian transplantation in young woman with premature ovarian failure after gonadotoxic treatment of breast carcinoma and to discuss its possibilities. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Sanatorium Pronatal, Prague. CASE REPORT: We demonstrate successful ovarian transplantation and restoration of ovarian function in 33 years old woman after cryopreservation of ovarian tissue performed before chemotherapy and radiotherapy of breast carcinoma and discuss possibilities of this approach in women diagnosed with cancer and subsequent risk of ovarian silure...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223235/interleukin-32-inflammation-and-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Jin Tae Hong, Dong Ju Son, Chong Kil Lee, Do-Young Yoon, Dong Hun Lee, Mi Hee Park
Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is a novel cytokine involved in inflammation and cancer development. IL-32 gene consists of eight small exons, and IL-32 mRNA has nine alternative spliced isoforms, and was thought to be secreted because it contains an internal signal sequence and lacks a transmembrane region. IL-32 is initially expressed selectively in activated T cells by mitogen and activated NK cells and their expression is strongly augmented by microbes, mitogens, and other cytokines. The IL-32 is induced mainly by pathogens and pro-inflammatory cytokines, but IL-32 is more prominent in immune cells than in non-immune tissues...
February 14, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217612/isolated-pulmonary-hydatid-cyst-misinterpreted-as-metastatic-pulmonary-lesion-in-an-operated-case-of-carcinoma-breast-in-young-female
#10
Ravish Kshatriya, Dhaval Prajapati, Nimit Khara, Rajiv Paliwal, Satish Patel
Hydatidosis is caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Humans may be infected incidentally as intermediate host by the accidental consumption of soil, water, or food contaminated by fecal matter of an infected animal. Hydatidosis is one of the most symptomatic parasitic infections in various livestock - raising countries. Lung is the second most commonly affected organ following the liver. The symptoms depend on the size and site of the lesion. It can present as an asymptomatic pulmonary lesion to hemoptysis, chest pain, coughing anaphylaxis, and shock...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182008/thioridazine-enhances-sensitivity-to-carboplatin-in-human-head-and-neck-cancer-cells-through-downregulation-of-c-flip-and-mcl-1-expression
#11
Seung Un Seo, Hyuk Ki Cho, Kyoung-Jin Min, Seon Min Woo, Shin Kim, Jong-Wook Park, Sang Hyun Kim, Yung Hyun Choi, Young Sam Keum, Jin Won Hyun, Hyun Ho Park, Sang-Han Lee, Dong Eun Kim, Taeg Kyu Kwon
Carboplatin is a less toxic analog of cisplatin, but carboplatin also has side effects, including bone marrow suppression. Therefore, to improve the capacity of the anticancer activity of carboplatin, we investigated whether combined treatment with carboplatin and thioridazine, which has antipsychotic and anticancer activities, has a synergistic effect on apoptosis. Combined treatment with carboplatin and thioridazine markedly induced caspase-mediated apoptosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (AMC-HN4) cells...
February 9, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181405/epidemiology-of-breast-cancer-in-indian-women
#12
REVIEW
Shreshtha Malvia, Sarangadhara Appalaraju Bagadi, Uma S Dubey, Sunita Saxena
Breast cancer has ranked number one cancer among Indian females with age adjusted rate as high as 25.8 per 100,000 women and mortality 12.7 per 100,000 women. Data reports from various latest national cancer registries were compared for incidence, mortality rates. The age adjusted incidence rate of carcinoma of the breast was found as high as 41 per 100,000 women for Delhi, followed by Chennai (37.9), Bangalore (34.4) and Thiruvananthapuram District (33.7). A statistically significant increase in age adjusted rate over time (1982-2014) in all the PBCRs namely Bangalore (annual percentage change: 2...
February 9, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178752/prognostic-significance-of-cd9-expression-differs-between-tumor-cells-and-stromal-immune-cells-and-depends-on-the-molecular-subtype-of-the-invasive-breast-carcinoma
#13
Hee Jung Kwon, Jung Eun Choi, Su Hwan Kang, Youlim Son, Young Kyung Bae
AIMS: CD9, a tetraspanin transmembrane protein, modulates cell motility, migration, and proliferation. We investigated the prognostic significance of CD9 expression in patients with invasive breast carcinoma (IBC). METHODS AND RESULTS: CD9 expression was evaluated in tissue microarrays of 1349 IBC samples via immunohistochemistry. CD9 expression in tumor cells (T-CD9) and stromal immune cells (S-CD9) were analyzed separately. T-CD9 expression was observed in 732 (54...
February 8, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178217/flavonoid-composition-and-antitumor-activity-of-bee-bread-collected-in-northeast-portugal
#14
Filipa Sobral, Ricardo C Calhelha, Lillian Barros, Montserrat Dueñas, Andreia Tomás, Celestino Santos-Buelga, Miguel Vilas-Boas, Isabel C F R Ferreira
Bee bread (BB) is a fermented mixture of plant pollen, honey, and bee saliva that worker bees use as food for larvae, and for young bees to produce royal jelly. In the present study, five BB samples, collected from Apis mellifera iberiensis hives located in different apiaries near Bragança, in the northeast region of Portugal, and one BB commercial sample were characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to a diode array detector and electrospray mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS) in terms of phenolic compounds, such as flavonoid glycoside derivatives...
February 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125710/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-ovarian-metastases-in-breast-cancer-patients-41-years-of-age-in-the-netherlands-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Inge T A Peters, Erik W van Zwet, Vincent T H B M Smit, Gerrit Jan Liefers, Peter J K Kuppen, Carina G J M Hilders, J Baptist Trimbos
PURPOSE: Breast cancer is one of the primary indications for cryopreservation and subsequent autotransplantation of ovarian tissue. The safety of this fertility preservation method remains questionable, as the presence of disseminated breast tumor cells cannot yet be excluded in the ovarian autografts. We explored the prevalence of ovarian metastases among young breast cancer patients and determined risk factors for the development of ovarian metastases. METHODS: Using the nationwide database of the Dutch Pathology Registry (PALGA), we identified a cohort of 2648 women with primary invasive breast cancer at age < 41 years in the period 2000-2010 in the Netherlands who subsequently underwent an oophorectomy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073726/breast-cancer-in-women-younger-than-35%C3%A2-years%C3%A2-features-and-outcomes-in-the-breast-unit-at-aristide-le-dantec-teaching-hospital-dakar
#16
M Gueye, S M Kane Gueye, M D Ndiaye Gueye, F Niasse Dia, O Gassama, M Diallo, J C Moreau
The aim of this study was to determine the clinical features and outcomes of women younger than 35 years with breast cancer. This study was performed at Gynecologic and Obstetric Clinic of Dakar Teaching Hospital and retrospectively reviewed the records of all women younger than 35 years seen in our department for histologically proven breast cancer. Data were analyzed with SPSS software (Statistical Package for Social Science) Version 23. Between 2007 and 2015, 62 women with breast cancer met the inclusion criteria and were included...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053636/increased-malignant-microcalcifications-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-advanced-breast-cancer
#17
Gi Won Shin, Young Mi Park, Hye Kyoung Yoon, Soo Jin Jung, Tae Hyun Kim, Anbok Lee, Seok Mo Lee
In patients with advanced breast cancer, most new calcifications detected on a mammogram after neoadjuvant chemotherapy are benign dystrophic calcifications, but this is not always observed. We present a patient with advanced breast cancer who had paradoxically increased malignant microcalcifications concomitant with primary tumor regression after undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. After the neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the follow-up mammogram revealed that local, fine pleomorphic microcalcifications had markedly increased...
December 2016: Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039656/novel-and-reported-pathogenic-variants-in-exon-11-of-brca2-gene-in-a-cohort-of-sri-lankan-young-breast-cancer-patients
#18
Sumadee De Silva, Kamani Hemamala Tennekoon, Aravinda Dissanayake, Kanishka De Silva, Lakshika Jayasekara
Women with breast carcinoma diagnosed before 40 years of age with a strong familial risk have a greater prevalence of germline BRCA1 or BRCA2 variants than late onset breast cancer. Previously germline variants in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes were characterized in a cohort of Sri Lankan breast cancer patients unselected for age of onset. This study focused on young breast cancer patients who were screened for previously identified hotspot regions in BRCA2 gene. A total of 48 young breast cancer patients with family history of cancer and 25 healthy controls were studied...
December 30, 2016: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034671/stat5a-mediated-nox5-l-expression-promotes-the-proliferation-and-metastasis-of-breast-cancer-cells
#19
So Hee Dho, Ji Young Kim, Kwang-Pyo Lee, Eun-Soo Kwon, Jae Cheong Lim, Chang-Jin Kim, Dongjun Jeong, Ki-Sun Kwon
NADPH oxidase (NOX) generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) and has been suggested to mediate cell proliferation in some cancers. Here, we show that an increase in the expression of NOX5 long form (NOX5-L) is critical for tumor progression in breast tumor tissues. Immunostaining of clinical samples indicated that NOX5 was overexpressed in 41.1% of breast ductal carcinoma samples. NOX5-L depletion consistently suppressed cell proliferation, invasion, and migration in vitro. Antibody-mediated neutralization of NOX5-L attenuated tumor progression in a mouse xenograft model...
December 26, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013533/evaluation-of-pathologic-complete-response-in-breast-cancer-patients-treated-with-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-experience-in-a-single-institution-over-a-10-year-period
#20
Misun Choi, Yeon Hee Park, Jin Seok Ahn, Young-Hyuck Im, Seok Jin Nam, Soo Youn Cho, Eun Yoon Cho
BACKGROUND: Pathologic complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has been associated with favorable clinical outcome in breast cancer patients. However, the possibility that the prognostic significance of pCR differs among various definitions has not been established. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the pathologic response after NAC in 353 breast cancer patients and compared the prognoses after applying the following different definitions of pCR: ypT0/is, ypT0, ypT0/is ypN0, and ypT0 ypN0...
January 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
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