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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346955/nonischemic-priapism-in-childhood-a-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#1
Hans-Walter Hacker, Marcus G Schwoebel, Philipp O Szavay
Introduction Nonischemic priapism (NIP) in childhood is a very rare affection. In the literature, patients with NIP are described mainly incidental after perineal trauma. Many of them underwent embolization of either internal pudendal artery or bulbocavernosal arteries. Patients and Methods We report on six boys between 4 and 13 years of age with NIP, treated at our institution between 2008 and 2014. Color Doppler ultrasound (CDU) was performed in all patients as emergency diagnostic evaluation. Patients were treated conservatively, including bed rest, local cooling, and perineal compression...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346834/outcomes-of-inside-out-meniscal-repair-in-the-setting-of-multiligament-reconstruction-in-the-knee
#2
Jorge Chahla, Chase S Dean, Lauren M Matheny, Justin J Mitchell, Mark E Cinque, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence exists for meniscal repair outcomes in a multiligament reconstruction setting. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to assess outcomes and failure rates of meniscal repair in patients who underwent multiligament reconstruction compared with patients who underwent multiligament reconstruction but lacked meniscal tears. The authors hypothesized that the outcomes of meniscal repair associated with concomitant multiligament reconstruction would significantly improve from preoperatively to postoperatively at a minimum of 2 years after the index surgery...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346756/commentary-all-that-glisters-is-not-gold-reflections-on-hollis-et%C3%A2-al-2017
#3
Roz Shafran, Sophie D Bennett
Digital Health Innovations have great potential to improve access to evidence-based psychological therapies. This comprehensive review and meta-analysis sets out the current state of the field including the efficacy of the interventions for different types of mental health problems and the desirability of the interventions from the patients' perspective. It also highlights the poor methodology of much of the research and suggests important ways forward to improve the quality of the data. The importance of assessing and understanding the potential negative impact of such interventions is emphasised both in the review and the commentary, and suggestions are made to maximise the likelihood that such interventions are accessible within routine services...
April 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346655/high-prevalence-of-alcohol-use-disorders-in-patients-with-inflammatory-skin-diseases
#4
K Al-Jefri, D Newbury-Birch, C R Muirhead, E Gilvarry, V Araújo-Soares, N J Reynolds, E Kaner, P J Hampton
BACKGROUND: There is a known association between psoriasis and heavy alcohol consumption. Causality remains unclear with evidence supporting both alcohol triggering psoriasis and psoriasis predisposing to heavy alcohol consumption. However, the association between heavy alcohol consumption and other inflammatory skin diseases remains to be defined. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of heavy drinking using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) in patients with inflammatory skin disease...
March 27, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346591/out-of-pocket-spending-among-commercially-insured-patients-for-epinephrine-autoinjectors-between-2007-and-2014
#5
Kao-Ping Chua, Rena M Conti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346490/effect-of-hiv-and-malaria-parasites-co-infection-on-immune-hematological-profiles-among-patients-attending-anti-retroviral-treatment-art-clinic-in-infectious-disease-hospital-kano-nigeria
#6
Feyisayo Ebenezer Jegede, Tinuade Ibijoke Oyeyi, Surajudeen Abiola Abdulrahman, Henry Akwen Mbah, Titilope Badru, Chinedu Agbakwuru, Oluwasanmi Adedokun
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and malaria co-infection may present worse health outcomes in the tropics. Information on HIV/malaria co-infection effect on immune-hematological profiles is critical for patient care and there is a paucity of such data in Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate immune-hematological profiles among HIV infected patients compared to HIV/malaria co-infected for ART management improvement. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study conducted at Infectious Disease Hospital, Kano...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346382/the-balloon-based-manometry-evaluation-of-swallowing-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#7
Jerzy Tomik, Barbara Tomik, Sebastian Gajec, Piotr Ceranowicz, Małgorzata Pihut, Rafał Olszanecki, Paweł Stręk, Jacek Składzień
The aim of the study was to analyse the disturbances of the oro-pharyngeal swallowing phase of dysphagia in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients with the use of specific manometric measurements and to evaluate their plausible association with the duration of the disease. Seventeen patients with ALS were evaluated with manometric examinations of the oral and pharyngeal part of the gastrointestinal tract. Tests were carried out by using the oesophageal balloon-based method with four balloon transducers located 5 cm away from each other...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346285/effect-of-early-revascularization-on-outcomes-in-diabetic-patients-with-stable-ischemic-heart-disease-and-previous-myocardial-infarction-in-the-bypass-angioplasty-investigation-2-diabetes-trial
#8
Matthew J Chung, Eric Novak, David L Brown
BACKGROUND: Survivors of a myocardial infarction (MI) are at a considerable risk of developing further cardiovascular events, including recurrent MI, heart failure, stroke, and death. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) have worse outcomes than their nondiabetic counterparts, and those with previous MI may be at particularly high risk. Yet, little is known about the effect of adding early revascularization to intensive medical therapy in this high-risk group...
March 24, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346259/igg4-related-ophthalmic-disease-presenting-as-choroidal-and-orbital-lesions
#9
William S Gange, Stephen M Holland, Felipe De Alba
PURPOSE: To report a case of IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4-ROD) which presented as choroidal and orbital lesions. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 64-year-old man presented with left eye photopsias and a history of IgG4-related perirenal fibrosis. Fundoscopic examination showed multiple bilateral yellow choroidal lesions, and optical coherence tomography showed multiple choroidal lesions. Magnetic resonance imaging of the orbits showed an enhancing lesion present circumferential to the optic nerve, but greater medially, abutting the posterior surface of the left globe...
March 24, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346212/stability-of-extemporaneously-prepared-hydroxycarbamide-oral-suspensions
#10
Djamila Kabiche, Issa-Bella Balde, Elyes Majoul, Sofiane Kabiche, Elodie Bourguignon, Jean-Eudes Fontan, Salvatore Cisternino, Jöel Schlatter
Hydroxycarbamide, available as tablets, is a pharmacological agent for fetal hemoglobin induction such as sickle cell anemia. The need for alternative dosage form options for patients unable to take tablets led hospital pharmacies to prepare solutions and suspensions. The objective of this study was to determine the stability of hydroxycarbamide in Ora-Plus in combination with either Ora-Sweet or Ora-Sweet SF, Ora-Blend, or Ora-Blend SF suspending agents. The studied samples were compounded into 100-mg/mL suspensions and stored in 60-mL amber glass bottles at room (22°C to 25°C) or refrigerated (4°C to 8°C) temperature...
March 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346057/the-role-of-germline-variants-in-chemotherapy-outcome-in-brain-tumors-a-systematic-review-of-pharmacogenetic-studies
#11
Marije J Klumpers, Marieke Jh Coenen, Corrie Em Gidding, D Maroeska Wm Te Loo
AIM: This systematic review provides an overview of publications concerning pharmacogenetic research in pediatric patients with medulloblastoma and low-grade glioma. MATERIALS & METHODS: Three electronic databases searches including a manual search were performed to identify studies investigating potential interactions between germline variants and chemotherapy efficacy and toxicity. RESULTS: Out of 3570 citations, 21 studies were included...
March 27, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345976/evaluating-the-performance-of-a-new-carboxymethyl-cellulose-dressing-in-the-community-setting
#12
Jackie Stephen-Haynes, Rosie Callaghan, Claire Stephens
This article describes a single-centre, non-comparative evaluation set out to assess the clinical performance and patient acceptability of a new carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) wound dressing. Twenty patients in a community setting, aged between 34-97 years, were recruited. The progression of various types of wounds with different levels of exudate was documented over 4 weeks. No adherence to the wound bed or painful removal was reported in 18 patients, and the peri-wound skin was the same or had improved in all patients...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345969/foot-ulceration-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-risk-analysis
#13
Mariana Angela Rossaneis, Maria do Carmo Fernandez Lourenço Haddad, Maria de Fátima Mantovani, Sonia Silva Marcon, Paloma de Souza Cavalcante Pissinati
The study reported in this article aimed to analyse factors associated with the risk of ulceration in the feet of patients with diabetes using a conceptual hierarchic model. It was a cross-sectional study carried out with 1515 people with diabetes mellitus aged 40 years and older. The risk of foot ulceration was of higher significance in male patients with diabetes (adjusted odds ratio (OR)=1.39 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.11 to 1.73); p=0.020), who did not practise a regular physical activity (adjusted OR=1...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345837/association-of-the-asp1312gly-thyroglobulin-gene-polymorphism-with-susceptibility-to-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-in-an-iranian-population
#14
Maryam Abidi, Shima Fayaz, Pezhman Fard Esfahani
Background and aim: While the causes of thyroid cancer in most patients remain largely unknown, it has recently been reported that there may be links to particular chromosome regions. In particular, polymorphisms (SNPs) in the thyroglobulin (TG) gene could be susceptibility factors. Methods: In this case-control study, any association of the Asp1312Gly single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the TG gene (rs2069556) with susceptibility to differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) was investigated among 103 Iranian patients and 100 controls who had no history of any type of cancer...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345826/value-of-sentinel-lymph-node-sln-mapping-and-biopsy-using-combined-intracervical-radiotracers-and-blue-dye-injections-for-endometrial-cancer
#15
Farah Farzaneh, Atefeh Moridi, Zahra Azizmohammadi, Mojtaba Ansari J, Maryam Sadat Hosseini, Maliheh Arab, Tahereh Ashrafganjoei, Mina Mazaheri
Background: Lymphadenectomy, as part of the initial surgical staging of patients with endometrial carcinoma, remains a controversial topic in gynecologic oncology. Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping has become a well-accepted procedure for melanomas and breast cancer; a number of investigators have begun to explore the utility and accuracy of this technique with regard to endometrial cancer. Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate SLN mapping of early stage endometrial cancer with blue dye in conjunction with a radioactive tracer...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345803/an-evolving-approach-to-delirium-a-mixed-methods-process-evaluation-of-a-hospital-wide-delirium-program-in-new-zealand
#16
Abdullah Ao Alhaidari, Rosalind Ac Allen-Narker
OBJECTIVE: A process evaluation was carried out to assess and potentially improve the design and implementation of a hospital-wide delirium program. METHODS: A mixed-methods sequential-explanatory design was used; retrospective chart reviews for 100 older (75+) medical inpatients were conducted to measure nurses', doctors' and coders' adherence to key program processes following which interviews were conducted to identify potential barriers to implementation. RESULTS: Delirium occurred in 49% of patients...
March 27, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345794/the-relationship-between-the-biovars-and-the-antimicrobial-resistance-of-ureaplasma-urealyticum-in-female-patients-with-urogenital-infections
#17
Yan Zhang, Chuan Hua, Su-Li Li
BACKGROUND: Ureaplasma urealyticum is considered as one of the main pathogens found in women with urogenital infection. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the biovars, serovars, and their antimicrobial resistance against antibiotics in female patients with urogenital infection. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-six cervical secretion samples (125 female outpatients as the patient group, 121 healthy female subjects as the control group) were first collected and analyzed for U...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345782/red-cell-distribution-width-as-a-novel-predictor-of-postoperative-respiratory-adverse-events-after-adenotonsillectomy
#18
Betul Kozanhan, Mehmet S Iyisoy
BACKGROUND: Respiratory adverse events are commonly observed after adenotonsillectomy in children with sleep-disordered breathing. Preoperative prediction of these events enhances quality of care and resource management in facilities while encouraging precautions against them. Red cell distribution width, a measure of erythrocyte size variability, has recently been linked to adverse outcomes in a variety of disorders. Red cell distribution width has also been found to be associated with severity of obstructive sleep apnea in adults due to hypoxia-mediated inflammation...
March 27, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345730/electrocardiographic-abnormalities-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-subjects-in-south-east-nigeria
#19
Innocent Chukwuemeka Okoye, Ernest Ndukaife Anyabolu
BACKGROUND: Cardiac complications of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are important causes of morbidity and mortality. We set out to determine the electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities in treatment-naïve HIV-positive patients in Enugu, south-east Nigeria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 250 HIV-positive and 200 HIV-negative subjects. Demographic and anthropometric data, relevant investigations and ECG results were compared between the groups...
March 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345573/clinical-correlation-of-imaging-findings-in-congenital-cranial-dysinnervation-disorders-involving-abducens-nerve
#20
Chanchal Gupta, Pradeep Sharma, Rohit Saxena, Ajay Garg, Sanjay Sharma
PURPOSE: High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of intracranial parts of sixth nerve and seventh nerve and the extraocular muscles (EOMs) in orbit to correlate the clinical characteristics in patients with two special forms of strabismus in congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders which are Duane's retraction syndrome (DRS) and Mobius syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Morphological analysis by 3T MRI of orbit (using surface coils) and brain (using 32 channel head coil) was performed on 6 patients with clinical DRS (1 bilateral), 2 cases with Mobius syndrome, and 1 case with congenital sixth nerve palsy...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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