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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729913/personality-traits-and-perception-of-m%C3%A3-ller-lyer-illusion-in-male-chinese-military-soldiers-and-university-students
#1
Yingchun Zhang, Jing Liu, Yongli Wang, Jingyi Huang, Lili Wei, Bingren Zhang, Wei Wang, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: In military men, performance such as gun-shooting precision relies on factors such as the ability to resist visual illusion, and this misperception of visual stimulus might be linked with sensation seeking related personality. METHODS: We have invited 103 male military men and 104 age-matched university male students to undergo the experiment of the Brentano version of the Müller-Lyer illusion and the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ) tests...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728644/differential-associations-of-upps-p-impulsivity-traits-with-alcohol-problems
#2
Kayleigh N McCarty, David H Morris, Laura E Hatz, Denis M McCarthy
OBJECTIVE: The UPPS-P model posits that impulsivity comprises five factors: positive urgency, negative urgency, lack of planning, lack of perseverance, and sensation seeking. Negative and positive urgency are the traits most consistently associated with alcohol problems. However, previous work has examined alcohol problems either individually or in the aggregate, rather than examining multiple problem domains simultaneously. Recent work has also questioned the utility of distinguishing between positive and negative urgency, as this distinction did not meaningfully differ in predicting domains of psychopathology...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716612/impulsive-personality-dimensions-are-associated-with-altered-behavioral-performance-and-neural-responses-in-the-monetary-incentive-delay-task
#3
Ruolei Gu, Yang Jiang, Seth Kiser, Chelsea L Black, Lucas S Broster, Yue-Jia Luo, Thomas H Kelly
Individual differences in dimensions of impulsivity personality including disinhibition and sensation seeking modulate approach responses to reinforcing stimuli, such as drugs and money. The current study examined the effects of monetary incentive on both behavioral performance and electrophysiological activity among individuals varying in disinhibition and sensation seeking. The monetary incentive delay (MID) task was completed under electroencephalogram (EEG) recording. Behavioral data showed that higher disinhibition and sensation-seeking were associated with lower performance accuracy...
July 14, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711748/do-personality-traits-related-to-affect-regulation-predict-other-tobacco-product-use-among-young-adult-non-daily-smokers
#4
Kristin Brikmanis, Angela Petersen, Neal Doran
INTRODUCTION: Understanding factors that influence non-cigarette tobacco use is important given these products' prevalence and health risks. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that personality traits related to affect regulation would be associated with greater frequency of other tobacco product (OTP) use in a sample of young adult non-daily smokers. METHODS: Participants (n=518, 51% male) aged 18-24 were non-daily cigarette smokers recruited from the community for a longitudinal study of tobacco use...
July 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709080/the-relationship-between-the-upps-p-impulsive-personality-traits-and-substance-use-psychotherapy-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Alexandra R Hershberger, Miji Um, Melissa A Cyders
BACKGROUND: Although impulsive personality traits have been well implicated in substance use disorder (SUD) risk, little work has established how specific impulsive personality traits influence and are influenced by SUD psychotherapy outcomes. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to quantitatively review existing work to examine 1) how impulsive personality traits affect SUD psychotherapy outcomes and 2) reductions in impulsive personality traits during SUD psychotherapy. METHODS: Studies were identified by conducting a comprehensive review of the literature...
June 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701967/a-novel-integrating-virtual-reality-approach-for-the-assessment-of-the-attachment-behavioral-system
#6
Irene Alice Chicchi Giglioli, Gabriella Pravettoni, Dolores Lucia Sutil Martín, Elena Parra, Mariano A Raya
Virtual reality (VR) technology represents a novel and powerful tool for behavioral research in psychological assessment. VR provides simulated experiences able to create the sensation of undergoing real situations. Users become active participants in the virtual environment seeing, hearing, feeling, and actuating as if they were in the real world. Currently, the most psychological VR applications concern the treatment of various mental disorders but not the assessment, that it is mainly based on paper and pencil tests...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683772/validation-of-the-short-arabic-upps-p-impulsive-behavior-scale
#7
Ghada Bteich, Djamal Berbiche, Yasser Khazaal
BACKGROUND: Impulsivity is involved in numerous psychiatric and addictive disorders, as well as in risky behaviors. The UPPS-P scale highlights five complementary impulsivity constructs (i.e., positive urgency, negative urgency, lack of perseverance, lack of premeditation, and sensation seeking) that possibly work as different pathways linking impulsivity to other disorders. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Arab language short 20-item UPPS-P scale and to eventually validate it...
July 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669801/exposure-and-engagement-with-tobacco-and-e-cigarette-related-social-media
#8
Emily T Hébert, Kathleen R Case, Steven H Kelder, Joanne Delk, Cheryl L Perry, Melissa B Harrell
PURPOSE: Little is known about the nature and extent of adolescents' exposure to tobacco- and e-cigarette-related communications on social media. In this study, we describe the prevalence and correlates of youth exposure and engagement with tobacco- and e-cigarette-related social media. METHODS: Data are from the baseline survey of the Texas Adolescent Tobacco and Marketing Surveillance system, a cross-sectional sample of sixth, eighth, and 10th graders (n = 3907, N = 461,097)...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657792/do-you-love-me-psychological-characteristics-of-romance-scam-victims
#9
Monica T Whitty
The online dating romance scam is an Advance Fee Fraud, typically conducted by international criminal groups via online dating sites and social networking sites. This type of mass-marketing fraud (MMF) is the most frequently reported type of MMF in most Western countries. This study examined the psychological characteristics of romance scam victims by comparing romance scam victims with those who had never been scammed by MMFs. Romance scam victims tend to be middle-aged, well-educated women. Moreover, they tend to be more impulsive (scoring high on urgency and sensation seeking), less kind, more trustworthy, and have an addictive disposition...
June 28, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654824/visceral-sensitivity-anxiety-and-smoking-among-treatment-seeking-smokers
#10
Michael J Zvolensky, Jafar Bakhshaie, Peter J Norton, Jasper A J Smits, Julia D Buckner, Lorra Garey, Kara Manning
It is widely recognized that smoking is related to abdominal pain and discomfort, as well as gastrointestinal disorders. Research has shown that visceral sensitivity, experiencing anxiety around gastrointestinal sensations, is associated with poorer gastrointestinal health and related health outcomes. Visceral sensitivity also increases anxiety symptoms and mediates the relation with other risk factors, including gastrointestinal distress. No work to date, however, has evaluated visceral sensitivity in the context of smoking despite the strong association between smoking and poor physical and mental health...
June 20, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654192/problematic-drinking-mediates-the-association-between-urgency-and-intimate-partner-aggression-during-acute-intoxication
#11
Olivia S Subramani, Dominic J Parrott, Christopher I Eckhardt
BACKGROUND: This study tested a moderated-mediational model whereby dimensions of impulsivity (i.e., negative urgency, positive urgency, sensation seeking, lack of premeditation, and lack of perseverance) differentially predict perpetration of physical intimate partner aggression through problematic drinking in intoxicated and non-intoxicated heavy drinkers. METHODS: Participants were 249 heavy drinkers (148 men and 101 women) with a recent history of psychological and/or physical intimate partner aggression perpetration toward their current partner recruited from two metropolitan U...
June 27, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635077/self-disgust-within-eating-disordered-groups-associations-with-anxiety-disgust-sensitivity-and-sensory-processing
#12
Katie Bell, Helen Coulthard, Diane Wildbur
This study aimed to assess the relationship between self-disgust and sensory processing within eating psychopathology. Five hundred and ninety-one women with a self-reported diagnosis of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa or who had no previous history of an eating disorder completed a battery of online questionnaires measuring disgust, emotion and sensory variables. Those with an eating disorder reported significantly higher rates of self-disgust than those with no history of disordered eating. In groups of women with self-reported bulimia, self-disgust was associated with sensation avoidance and sensation seeking...
June 20, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620324/description-of-various-factors-contributing-to-traffic-accidents-in-youth-and-measures-proposed-to-alleviate-recurrence
#13
REVIEW
Ludovic Gicquel, Pauline Ordonneau, Emilie Blot, Charlotte Toillon, Pierre Ingrand, Lucia Romo
Traffic accidents are the leading cause of hospitalization in adolescence, with the 18-24-year-old age group accounting for 23% of deaths by traffic accidents. Recurrence rate is also high. One in four teenagers will have a relapse within the year following the first accident. Cognitive impairments known in adolescence could cause risky behaviors, defined as repetitive engagement in dangerous situations such as road accidents. Two categories of factors seem to be associated with traffic accidents: (1) factors specific to the traffic environment and (2) "human" factors, which seem to be the most influential...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617971/risk-factors-that-influence-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-portuguese-university-students
#14
M J Santos, E Ferreira, J Duarte, M Ferreira
BACKGROUND: University students have unprotected sex and associate alcohol and/or drugs with sexual practices. These behaviours are risk factors for influencing sexual and reproductive health that can be targeted by nursing interventions. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the risk and protective factors influencing sexual and reproductive risk-taking behaviours in university students. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional and correlational study in a sample of 1946 students...
June 15, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611692/development-of-a-mobile-phone-addiction-craving-scale-and-its-validation-in-a-spanish-adult-population
#15
José De-Sola, Hernán Talledo, Gabriel Rubio, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca
In some people, problematic cell phone use can lead to situations in which they lose control, similar to those observed in other cases of addiction. Although different scales have been developed to assess its severity, we lack an instrument that is able to determine the desire or craving associated with it. Thus, with the objective of evaluating craving for cell phone use, in this study, we develop and present the Mobile Phone Addiction Craving Scale (MPACS). It consists of eight Likert-style items, with 10 response options, referring to possible situations in which the interviewee is asked to evaluate the degree of restlessness that he or she feels if the cell phone is unavailable at the moment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606210/impulsivity-as-a-mechanism-linking-child-abuse-and-neglect-with-substance-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#16
Assaf Oshri, Steve M Kogan, Josephine A Kwon, K A S Wickrama, Lauren Vanderbroek, Abraham A Palmer, James MacKillop
Emerging developmental perspectives suggest that adverse rearing environments promote neurocognitive adaptations that heighten impulsivity and increase vulnerability to risky behavior. Although studies document links between harsh rearing environments and impulsive behavior on substance use, the developmental hypothesis that impulsivity acts as mechanism linking adverse rearing environments to downstream substance use remains to be investigated. The present study investigated the role of impulsivity in linking child abuse and neglect with adult substance use using data from (a) a longitudinal sample of youth (Study 1, N = 9,421) and (b) a cross-sectional sample of adults (Study 2, N = 1,011)...
June 13, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600883/association-between-elementary-school-personality-and-high-school-smoking-and-drinking
#17
Sarah J Peterson, Gregory T Smith
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Among U.S. high school students, alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking are associated with numerous concurrent and future harms. We tested whether multiple elementary school personality dispositions to behave impulsively can predict these addictive behaviors invariably across gender and race. DESIGN AND SETTING: This longitudinal design involved testing whether individual differences on impulsigenic traits in elementary school predicted drinking and smoking four years later in high school in 23 public schools in Kentucky, USA...
June 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594595/validation-of-the-sexual-sensation-seeking-scale-in-spanish-samples
#18
Pablo Santos-Iglesias, Nieves Moyano, Angel Castro, M Reina Granados, Juan Carlos Sierra
The aim of this study was to validate the Sexual Sensation Seeking Scale (SSSS; Kalichman, 2011) in Spanish samples. Two independent studies were conducted. In Study 1, we examined the factor structure of the SSSS in a sample of 1,272 heterosexual undergraduate students (40.0% men, 60.0% women). Results revealed a 2-factor structure. Factor 1 was related to physical sexual sensations and risky sexual behaviors and Factor 2 was related to exploratory or novel sex. A confirmatory factor analysis confirmed this factor structure in a sample of 373 community adults (33...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594054/personality-patterns-predict-the-risk-of-antisocial-behavior-in-spanish-speaking-adolescents
#19
Miguel A Alcázar-Córcoles, Antonio Verdejo-García, José C Bouso-Sáiz, Javier Revuelta-Menéndez, Ezequiel Ramírez-Lira
INTRODUCTION: There is a renewed interest in incorporating personality variables in criminology theories in order to build models able to integrate personality variables and biological factors with psychosocial and sociocultural factors. The aim of this article is the assessment of personality dimensions that contribute to the prediction of antisocial behavior in adolescents. METHODS: For this purpose, a sample of adolescents from El Salvador, Mexico, and Spain was obtained...
May 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583654/autistic-traits-associated-with-food-neophobia-but-not-olfactory-sensitivity
#20
Lorenzo D Stafford, Irene Tsang, Beatriz López, Martina Severini, Silvia Iacomini
Food neophobia has been shown to be associated with a range of personality traits (including anxiety, lower sensation seeking) and additionally sensory aspects of food such as taste and texture. Running parallel to that work, research has demonstrated higher incidences of food neophobia in autistic populations and separately evidence of hypersensitivity in some sensory domains. The aim of the current study was to extend our understanding by exploring whether the broader aspects of autistic traits can predict food neophobia in a non-autistic population and whether this is mediated by differences in olfactory sensitivity...
June 3, 2017: Appetite
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