keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sensation seeking

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236555/assessing-private-and-public-need-for-uniqueness-validation-of-french-versions-of-the-need-for-uniqueness-nfu-and-self-attributed-need-for-uniqueness-sanu-scales
#1
Fanny Lalot, Marcello Cantarella, Oulmann Zerhouni, Emilie Joly, Alain Quiamzade, Juan Manuel Falomir-Pichastor, Olivier Desrichard, Laurent Bègue
Need for uniqueness represents the need for people to feel different and distinguish themselves from others. Two major scales exist that measure this need: the Need for Uniqueness scale (NfU; Snyder & Fromkin, 1977 ) and the Self-Attributed Need for Uniqueness scale (SANU; Lynn & Harris, 1997b ). We propose here a French version of both scales. Through a dual approach of exploratory and confirmatory factorial analyses, we investigated the scales' structure in student samples from two French-speaking countries (France and Switzerland, N = 1,348) as well as measures of internal and external validity...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236522/risky-sex-drugs-sensation-seeking-and-callous-unemotional-traits-in-justice-involved-male-adolescents
#2
Laura C Thornton, Paul J Frick, James V Ray, Tina D Wall Myers, Laurence Steinberg, Elizabeth Cauffman
The current study examined whether callous-unemotional (CU) traits predicted risky sexual behavior (i.e., unprotected sex, casual sex) and whether substance use and sensation seeking mediated this relationship over 24 months in justice-involved young men. Participants (N = 1,216) were an ethnically and racially diverse sample (46.3% White Latino, 38% Black, 15.7% White non-Latino) of first-time offending male adolescents (ages 13-17 years) from 3 U.S. cities. Participants completed 5 self-reported interviews at 6-month intervals over 2 years...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204063/predictors-of-healthcare-seeking-behavior-among-chinese-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#3
Wen-Juan Fan, Dong Xu, Min Chang, Li-Ming Zhu, Gui-Jun Fei, Xiao-Qing Li, Xiu-Cai Fang
AIM: To analyze predictors of healthcare-seeking behavior among Chinese patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and their satisfaction with medical care. METHODS: Participating patients met IBS Rome III criteria (excluding those with organic diseases) and were enrolled in an IBS database in a tertiary university hospital. Participants completed IBS questionnaires in face-to-face interviews. The questionnaires covered intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms, medical consultations, colonoscopy, medications, and self-reported response to medications during the whole disease course and in the past year...
November 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203027/thrill-and-adventure-seeking-in-risky-driving-at-work-the-moderating-role-of-safety-climate
#4
Darren Wishart, Klaire Somoray, Amanda Evenhuis
Introduction Within many industrialized countries, the leading cause of worker fatalities and serious injuries can be attributed to road trauma. In non-occupational research, high levels of sensation seeking personality, and specifically thrill and adventure seeking, have been associated with risky driving behaviors. In work driving literature, high organizational safety climate has been associated with reduced risky driving in work drivers. However, the extent that factors such as safety climate and thrill seeking interact in regard to work driving safety remains unclear, and the current research examined this interaction...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202988/mobile-phone-generated-vibrations-used-to-detect-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy
#5
Jonathan David May, Matthew William John Morris
BACKGROUND: In the current United Kingdom population the incidence of diabetic peripheral neuropathy is increasing. The presence of diabetic neuropathy affects decision making and treatment options. This study seeks to evaluate if the vibrations generated from a mobile phone can be used to screen patients for diabetic peripheral neuropathy. METHODS: This study comprised of 61 patients; a control group of 21 patients; a lower limb injury group of 19 patients; a diabetic peripheral neuropathy group of 21 patients...
December 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194003/mediating-effect-of-deviant-peers-on-the-relationship-between-sensation-seeking-and-lifetime-smoking-among-high-school-students
#6
Sunhee Park, Junghee Kim, Heejin Hwang
BACKGROUND: Despite the greater risk of lifetime smoking among high sensation seekers, it is difficult to change a sensation seeking tendency through interventions. Therefore, it is important to identify a modifiable factor mediating the link between these two conditions in order to weaken or disconnect the association. OBJECTIVES: Based on the literature, deviant peers may play a pivotal role in explaining this association. Thus, we aimed to investigate the mediating effect of deviant peers on the association between sensation seeking and lifetime smoking among Korean adolescents...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189701/expressive-writing-a-tool-to-help-health-workers-research-project-on-the-benefits-of-expressive-writing
#7
Annalisa Tonarelli, Chiara Cosentino, Diletta Artioli, Stefania Borciani, Elena Camurri, Barbara Colombo, Antonio D'Errico, Liana Lelli, Laura Lodini, Giovanna Artioli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Numerous studies in the international literature hold that expressive writing is a useful tool to take care of the person as a whole. It gives voice to emotions, moods and intimate thoughts of patients, as well as caregivers and family members. The reference model is based on Pennebaker's theory (2004), which posits that expressing our deeper thoughts and feelings can result in significant health benefits in the short and long term. Studies over the past 25 years have shown that expressive writing, that is, simple writing on deeper thoughts and emotional sensations, is a useful tool to alleviate both physical and psychological symptoms...
November 30, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184524/a-qualitative-approach-on-motives-and-aspects-of-risks-in-freeriding
#8
Anika Frühauf, Will A S Hardy, Daniel Pfoestl, Franz-Georg Hoellen, Martin Kopp
Recent research has shown that there are multiple motives for participation in high-risk sport; however these results have come from studies that consider a number of different sports. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to better understand the motives and risk-related aspects of freeriding, using a qualitative approach. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 40 professional and semi-professional freeride skiers and snowboarders. All freeriders were highly experienced, of different age (19-44 years; 27...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174864/a-multi-centre-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-of-methylphenidate-in-the-initial-treatment-of-acute-mania-memap-study
#9
Ulrich Hegerl, Roland Mergl, Christian Sander, Jens Dietzel, Istvan Bitter, Koen Demyttenaere, Ricardo Gusmão, Ana Gonzalez-Pinto Arrillaga, Iñaki Zorrilla, Adriana García Alocén, Victor Perez Sola, Eduard Vieta, Georg Juckel, Ulrich S Zimmermann, Michael Bauer, Pascal Sienaert, Sónia Quintão, Marc-Andreas Edel, Csilla Bolyos, Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Pilar López-García, Michael Kluge
Based on many clinical and preclinical findings the 'vigilance regulation model of mania' postulates that an unstable regulation of wakefulness is a pathogenetic factor in both mania and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and induces hyperactivity and sensation seeking as an autoregulatory attempt to stabilize wakefulness. Accordingly, stimulant medications with their vigilance stabilizing properties could have rapid antimanic effects similar to their beneficial effects in ADHD. The MEMAP study - a multi-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled and randomized clinical trial (RCT) - assessed the antimanic efficacy and safety of a 2...
November 22, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169200/-german-language-version-and-validation-of-the-risk-taking-behaviour-scale-rbs-k-for-high-risk-sports
#10
Anika Frühauf, Martin Niedermeier, Gerhard Ruedl, Matthew Barlow, Tim Woodman, Martin Kopp
Background High-risk sports, particularly climbing, kayaking and extreme skiing, have become increasingly popular. The most widely used psychological survey instrument with regard to risk behaviour in sports is the Sensation Seeking Model, mostly assessed by the Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS-V). Until recently, the literature discussed risk behaviour solely through this model. However, this scale does not measure risk-taking behaviours. In contrast, the Risk-Taking Behaviour Scale (RBS-K) is a three-item scale that measures risk behaviour in high-risk sports...
November 23, 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163281/academic-self-efficacy-partially-mediates-the-relationship-between-scottish-index-of-multiple-deprivation-and-composite-attainment-score
#11
John L Perry, Martin Dempster, Michael T McKay
A developing literature continues to testify to the relationship between higher socio-economic status (SES) and better academic attainment. However, the literature is complex in terms of the variety of SES and attainment indicators used. Against the backdrop of a Scottish Government initiative to close the attainment gap between higher and lower SES children, the present study examined the relationship between individual-level Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) and National Lower Tariff Score in school children in the West of Scotland...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163267/binge-eating-but-not-other-disordered-eating-symptoms-is-a-significant-contributor-of-binge-drinking-severity-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study-among-french-students
#12
Benjamin Rolland, Mickael Naassila, Céline Duffau, Hakim Houchi, Fabien Gierski, Judith André
Many studies have suggested the co-occurrence of eating disorders and alcohol use disorders but in which extent binge eating (BE) and other disordered eating symptoms (DES) are associated with the severity of binge drinking (BD) remains unknown. We conducted a online cross-sectional study among 1,872 French students. Participants were asked their age, gender, tobacco and cannabis use status. They completed the Alcohol Use Questionnaire (AUQ), Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), and UPPS impulsive behavior questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151850/relationships-between-catastrophic-thought-bodily-sensations-and-physical-symptoms
#13
Hiroshi Seto, Mutsuhiro Nakao
Background: Researchers have recently begun to seek cognitive explanations for physical symptoms with no obvious biological cause. Concepts such as somatization, somatosensory amplification, and somatosensory catastrophizing have been invoked to explain these phenomena. Somatosensory amplification occurs when these bodily sensations become stronger and more painful. Somatosensory catastrophizing is the tendency to attribute these bodily sensations to unbearable functional modulation or as signs of serious illness...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128858/relation-between-lifespan-polytrauma-typologies-and-post-trauma-mental-health
#14
Ateka A Contractor, Lily A Brown, Nicole H Weiss
BACKGROUND: Most individuals experience more than one trauma. Hence, it is important to consider the count and types of traumas (polytraumatization) in relation to post-trauma mental health. METHOD: The current study examined the relation of polytraumatization patterns to PTSD clusters (intrusions, avoidance, negative alterations in cognitions and mood [NACM], and alterations in arousal and reactivity [AAR]), depression, and impulsivity facets (lack of perseverance, lack of premeditation, negative urgency, sensation seeking) using a web-based sample of 346 participants...
October 16, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127786/development-and-initial-testing-of-the-brief-adolescent-smoking-curiosity-scale-ascos
#15
Georges E Khalil, Karen S Calabro, Alexander V Prokhorov
BACKGROUND: Although the reasons behind tobacco smoking at young age are complex, research has identified curiosity as a potent driver of smoking among adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study is to develop and provide initial evidence of reliability and validity of a short scale assessing smoking curiosity among adolescents (first measure of its kind). In particular, we developed and tested the adolescent smoking curiosity scale (ASCOS). METHODS: After scale development, 101 adolescents completed a survey on smoking-related measures, including ASCOS (June to August 2014)...
November 7, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122261/evaluation-of-new-zealand-osteopathy-patients-experiences-of-their-treatment
#16
Rochelle Judkins, Brett Vaughan, Jane Mulcahy
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the experiences of patients seeking osteopathy treatment in New Zealand; and to describe their perceptions of osteopathic treatment. DESIGN: Survey-based research design. SETTING: Private osteopathy practices. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographic survey and the Patient Perception Measure-Osteopathy (PPM-O). RESULTS: Twelve osteopaths were recruited as practitioners. Responses from 107 patients were analysed...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120935/neuropathic-pain-experiences-of-spinal-cord-injury-patients
#17
Chin-Ching Li, Hung-Ru Lin, Ming-Dar Tsai, Shiow-Luan Tsay
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain (NP) is a common, severe problem that affects spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. Only SCI patients truly understand the impact and extent of this type of pain. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to understand the NP experienced by SCI patients and the influence of this type of pain on their daily life. METHOD: A qualitative design was used. An interview guide including a semistructured questionnaire and in-depth interviews was conducted with SCI patients with NP in a neurorehabilitation department at a medical center in northern Taiwan...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120196/psychopathy-and-heroism-in-first-responders-traits-cut-from-the-same-cloth
#18
Christina L Patton, Sarah Francis Smith, Scott O Lilienfeld
Some scholars have posited that certain traits associated with psychopathy-namely, fearlessness, boldness, and willingness to take risks-are associated with greater engagement in heroic and altruistic acts; nevertheless, this conjecture has received little empirical attention. We examined the relations among psychopathic traits, heroism, altruism, workplace deviance, and leadership in first-responder (n = 138) and civilian (n = 104) samples recruited by means of an online platform. Across samples, fearless dominance, boldness, sensation seeking, and several other psychopathy-related variables were positively and significantly associated with everyday heroism and altruism...
November 9, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111381/baseline-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-patients-enrolled-in-the-symptoms-of-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-research-network-lurn-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#19
Anne P Cameron, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp, Abigail R Smith, Brian T Helfand, John L Gore, J Quentin Clemens, Claire C Yang, Nazema Y Siddiqui, H Henry Lai, James W Griffith, Victor P Andreev, Gang Liu, Kevin Weinfurt, Cindy L Amundsen, Catherine S Bradley, John W Kusek, Ziya Kirkali
PURPOSE: To describe and compare the frequency and type of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) reported by men and women at the time they were recruited from urology and urogynecology clinics into the Symptoms of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Research Network (LURN) multi-center, prospective, observational cohort study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six research sites enrolled treatment-seeking men and women who reported any LUTS at a frequency more than "rarely" during the past month on the LUTS tool...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110525/behavioural-correlates-of-energy-drink-consumption-among-adolescents-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
Ade Dawodu, Karen Cleaver
Despite regulatory measures on the labelling of energy drinks (EDs), their consumption among adolescents continues to grow in popularity, but teachers increasingly report significant behavioural concerns among students who disclose habitual ED consumption. A review of papers published between January 2010 and October 2016 was undertaken to determine whether an association between adverse behaviour and consumption of ED exists. Findings indicate that ED consumption among adolescents is associated with alcohol and substance use, risky behaviours and psychological states including sensation seeking, depression and anxiety symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
keyword
keyword
75675
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"