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Sensation seeking

Jonathan K Noel, Thomas F Babor
Aims: The prevalence of alcohol advertising has been growing on social media platforms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate alcohol advertising on Facebook for regulatory compliance and thematic content. Methods: A total of 50 Budweiser and Bud Light ads posted on Facebook within 1 month of the 2015 NFL Super Bowl were evaluated for compliance with a self-regulated alcohol advertising code and for thematic content. An exploratory sensitivity/specificity analysis was conducted to determine if thematic content could predict code violations...
August 30, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
Michael A Marsman
While transgenderism as a cultural phenomenon seems to be based on a collective taste for the sensational, its emergence represents a collective shift towards a new or more differentiated way of experiencing and expressing sex and gender, a movement of world soul. This paper attempts to explore that emergence from a Jungian perspective. The paper utilizes clinical examples which illustrate how dissociated aspects of the personality are seeking assimilation and expression in order to move the personality towards greater wholeness...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
Garrett Prestage, Mohamed Hammoud, Toby Lea, Fengyi Jin, Lisa Maher
BACKGROUND: Gay and bisexual men (GBM) use illicit drugs at higher rates than most other population groups and their use has been associated with sexual risk behavior. The measure of sexual sensation-seeking has been a useful tool for understanding sexual risk behavior in this population, but there is no equivalent measure for sensation-seeking in relation to drug-using behaviors. OBJECTIVE: This paper explores baseline associations with illicit drug use in an online prospective observational study of licit and illicit drug use among GBM...
September 29, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
Kelly M Boone, Barbara Gracious, Mark A Klebanoff, Lynette K Rogers, Joseph Rausch, Daniel L Coury, Sarah A Keim
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in the health and long-term survival of infants born preterm, they continue to face developmental challenges including higher risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and atypical sensory processing patterns. AIMS: This secondary analysis aimed to describe sensory profiles and explore effects of combined dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) supplementation on parent-reported sensory processing in toddlers born preterm who were exhibiting ASD symptoms...
September 20, 2017: Early Human Development
Alexandra C Hummel, Julie E Premo, Elizabeth J Kiel
The duration of children's attention to putative threat has been documented as a consistent predictor of later anxiety in inhibited children across childhood (Fox, 2010; Perez-Edgar & Fox, 2005). However, attention to threat has not been broadly examined within existing behavioral contexts, and has seldom been studied in very early childhood. Whereas toddlers with high levels of internalizing behavior may view fear-inducing stimuli as a threat, toddlers with high levels of externalizing behavior may demonstrate attention out of interest or sensation seeking...
March 2017: Infancy: the Official Journal of the International Society on Infant Studies
Steriani Elavsky, David Smahel, Hana Machackova
The use of online communities and websites for health information has proliferated along with the use of mobile apps for managing health behaviors such as diet and exercise. The scarce evidence available to date suggests that users of these websites and apps differ in significant ways from non-users but most data come from US- and UK-based populations. In this study, we recruited users of nutrition, weight management, and fitness-oriented websites in the Czech Republic to better understand who uses mobile apps and who does not, including user sociodemographic and psychological profiles...
September 19, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Fabien Gierski, Farid Benzerouk, Elodie De Wever, Theodora Duka, Arthur Kaladjian, Véronique Quaglino, Mickaël Naassila
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character dimensions of personality remain largely unexplored in young adults exhibiting binge drinking patterns. Moreover, the available studies do not consider gender differences, and dismiss possible personality heterogeneity among binge drinkers. In the present study, we aimed to compare temperament and character dimensions between young binge drinkers and age- and sex-matched social drinkers. We further applied cluster analysis to investigate the potential heterogeneity of personality patterns among binge drinking college students...
September 13, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Ayman M Hamdan-Mansour, Khadejah F Mahmoud, Ahmad N Al Shibi, Diana H Arabiat
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between substance use and impulsivity and sensation-seeking personality traits among 655 university students using a cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational design. A significant correlation was found between students' impulsivity level scores and frequency of substance use (r = 0.11, p < 0.05). A positive correlation was found between frequency of substance use and sensation-seeking levels (r = 0.2, p < 0.05), as well as impulsivity levels (r = 0...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
David M Lydon-Staley, Charles F Geier
Sensation seeking (SS) and impulse control (IC) are constructs at the core of dual systems models of adolescent risk taking. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, age-varying associations between SS and IC (predictors) and both any smoking in the previous 30 days and daily smoking (outcomes) were examined. The association between SS and both any smoking in the previous 30 days and daily smoking was strongest during adolescence. IC was consistently associated with any smoking in the previous 30 days and daily smoking, with the strongest association emerging during the mid-20s to early 30s...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
Tim Janssen, Melissa J Cox, Mike Stoolmiller, Nancy P Barnett, Kristina M Jackson
Adolescence is a time of heightened impulsivity as well as substantial exposure to the effects of popular media. Specifically, R-rated movie content and sensation seeking have been shown to be individually and multiplicatively associated with early alcohol initiation, as well as to mutually influence one another over time. The present study attempts to replicate and extend these findings to cigarette and marijuana use, considering several peer, parental, and individual correlates, as well as substance-specific movie exposure, among 1023 youth (mean age 12...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Matthew R Pearson, John T P Hustad, Clayton Neighbors, Bradley T Conner, Adrian J Bravo
Based on the high prevalence of marijuana use among college students, we examined distal and proximal antecedents to marijuana-related outcomes in this population. Specifically, we examined three marijuana-related perceptions (descriptive norms, injunctive norms, and internalization of college marijuana use culture) as potential mediators of the associations between four personality traits (impulsivity, sensation seeking, hopelessness, and anxiety sensitivity) and marijuana-related outcomes (marijuana use, negative marijuana-related consequences)...
August 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Taylor Harris, Sara Kintzle, Suzanne Wenzel, Carl Andrew Castro
INTRODUCTION: To advance large-scale efforts to end veteran homelessness, an understanding of factors that contribute to housing insecurity is necessary. Common risk behaviors (e.g., substance use and risky sexual practices) are associated with lengthier experiences of homelessness among the general homeless population, but less understood among homeless veterans. Additionally, whether emerging risk behaviors among veterans (e.g., sensation seeking and aggression) are associated with lengthy homeless experiences is unknown...
September 2017: Military Medicine
Ya Zheng, Qi Li, Moqian Tian, Weizhi Nan, Guochun Yang, Jin Liang, Xun Liu
Sensation seeking has been associated with substance use and other risk-taking behaviors. The present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study investigated the neural correlates underlying risk taking in sensation seeking. Twenty-eight high sensation seekers (HSS; 14 female and 14 male young adults) and 28 low sensation seekers (LSS; 14 female and 14 male young adults) performed an interactive, sequential gambling task that allowed for voluntary pursuit or inhibition of risk taking. Behaviorally, HSS versus LSS exhibited a stronger tendency toward risk taking...
September 8, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
Inga Curry, Jeremy W Luk, Ryan S Trim, Christian J Hopfer, John K Hewitt, Michael C Stallings, Sandra A Brown, Tamara L Wall
Impulsivity is a personality-based risk factor that has been well studied in relation to risky sexual behavior. Recent conceptualizations of impulsivity have proposed multidimensional facets comprised of premeditation, perseverance, sensation seeking, negative urgency, and positive urgency (UPPS-P model). Prior studies have found that these facets are associated with risky sexual behavior in adolescent and college student samples, but no prior studies have evaluated them in clinical samples. The current study examined how impulsivity-related traits related to two different risky sexual behaviors in a clinical sample of at-risk young adults who had both conduct disorder and substance use disorder symptoms as adolescents (n = 529)...
September 7, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Thajudeen Hassan, M N Vinodkumar, Neethu Vinod
INTRODUCTION: This study examines the effect of age of driver on risky driving of Powered Two-Wheelers (PTW) employing sensation seeking and safety attitudes as mediators. METHODS: A survey was conducted with 1299 PTW drivers (1089 males and 210 females) within the age of 18 and 63years, living in the state of Kerala, India. The questionnaire consisted of 31 items to measure sensation seeking, safety attitude, and risky driving of the drivers. RESULTS: Mediation models were examined using sensation seeking as mediator and secondly safety attitudes as mediators...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
Grace Icenogle, Laurence Steinberg, Thomas M Olino, Elizabeth P Shulman, Jason Chein, Liane P Alampay, Suha M Al-Hassan, Hanan M S Takash, Dario Bacchini, Lei Chang, Nandita Chaudhary, Laura Di Giunta, Kenneth A Dodge, Kostas A Fanti, Jennifer E Lansford, Patrick S Malone, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli, Ann T Skinner, Emma Sorbring, Sombat Tapanya, Liliana M Uribe Tirado
According to the dual systems model of adolescent risk taking, sensation seeking and impulse control follow different developmental trajectories across adolescence and are governed by two different brain systems. The authors tested whether different underlying processes also drive age differences in reward approach and cost avoidance. Using a modified Iowa Gambling Task in a multinational, cross-sectional sample of 3,234 adolescents (ages 9-17; M = 12.87, SD = 2.36), pubertal maturation, but not age, predicted reward approach, mediated through higher sensation seeking...
September 2017: Child Development
Batya Engel-Yeger, Xenia Gonda, Giovanna Canepa, Maurizio Pompili, Zoltan Rihmer, Mario Amore, Gianluca Serafini
INTRODUCTION: Extreme sensory processing patterns may contribute to the pathophysiology of major affective disorders. We aimed to examine whether significant correlations exist between sensory profiles, hypomania, self-reported depression, and hopelessness and whether sensory profiles may be potential mediators of the association between hypomania and depression/hopelessness. METHODS: The sample consisted of 488 euthymic affective disorder patients of which 283 diagnosed with unipolar and 162 with bipolar disorder with an age ranging from 18 to 65 years (mean = 47...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
L Diane Parham, Sean Roush, Donna T Downing, Paul G Michael, William R McFarlane
AIM: To identify and compare the sensory characteristics of young people at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis to those of peers at clinical low risk (CLR), and to national normative data. CHR and CLR participants were recruited from 6 US regions. METHOD: A descriptive cohort design was used to analyse baseline data collected as part of the Early Detection and Intervention for the Prevention of Psychosis Program (EDIPPP). Raw scores on the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile (AASP) were analysed for 205 young people with CHR and 87 with CLR in 2 age groups: 12 to 17 years (N = 203) and 18 to 25 years (N = 89)...
August 25, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Valerie F Reyna, Evan A Wilhelms
Delay of gratification captures elements of temptation and self-denial that characterize real-life problems with money and other problem behaviors such as unhealthy risk taking. According to fuzzy-trace theory, decision makers mentally represent social values such as delay of gratification in a coarse but meaningful form of memory called "gist." Applying this theory, we developed a gist measure of delay of gratification that does not involve quantitative trade-offs (as delay discounting does) and hypothesize that this construct explains unique variance beyond sensation seeking and inhibition in accounting for problem behaviors...
April 2017: Journal of Behavioral Decision Making
Batya Engel-Yeger, Sanaa Darawsha Najjar, Mahmud Darawsha
PURPOSE: (1) To profile sensory deficits examined in the ability to process sensory information from daily environment and discriminate between tactile stimuli among patients with controlled and un-controlled diabetes mellitus. (2) Examine the relationship between the sensory deficits and patients' health-related quality of life. METHODS: This study included 115 participants aged 33-55 with uncontrolled (n = 22) or controlled (n = 24) glycemic levels together with healthy subjects (n = 69)...
August 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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