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Sensation seeking

Benjamin Claréus, Daiva Daukantaitė, Margit Wångby-Lundh, Lars-Gunnar Lundh
The UPPS-P model of impulsivity proposes that impulsivity comprises five distinct facets-negative urgency, positive urgency, lack of premeditation, lack of perseverance, and sensation seeking. The UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale has been used to measure these facets. The purpose of the current study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a Swedish version of the 20-item UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale (SUPPS-P). The sample comprised 343 Swedish young adults ( M age = 24.21, SD = 2.01; 27% men, 2% other or undisclosed gender identity) who answered a questionnaire including the SUPPS-P; Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21); and questions regarding their alcohol consumption and substance use...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
Michael T McKay, Svenja Konowalczyk, James R Andretta, Jon C Cole
Alcohol use among adolescents in the United Kingdom (UK) remains relatively high compared to those in other European countries. The present study sought to examine both the direct and indirect effect of loneliness on drinking behavior. Participants were school children (mean age 13.5 years at Time 1) participating in a Randomized Controlled Trial in the UK, who completed a battery of questionnaires examining alcohol-use indicators, loneliness, self-efficacy and sensation seeking at Time 1 and at +12 months...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
Pimpisa Chomsri, Apinun Aramrattana, Penprapa Siviroj, Surinporn Likhitsathian
This study explored substance use prevalence, level of risk, and associated factors, especially related to binge drinking. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 306 students using questionnaires and the Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test-Youth screening tool. The associations between binge drinking and risk factors were analyzed by generalized linear models. Our results showed current prevalence rates of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs use were 56.9%, 22.9%, and 2.3%, respectively...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Kirsten J Langdon, Jafar Bakhshaie, Alicia Lopez, Niloofar Tavakoli, Lorra Garey, Amanda M Raines, Brooke Y Kauffman, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
OBJECTIVES: Elevated levels of anxiety sensitivity (AS; fear of anxiety and internal sensations) is highly common among adults who smoke, and contributes to several maladaptive smoking beliefs and behaviors. AS is comprised of 3 empirically established factors, relating to fears of social concerns, fears of physical symptoms, and fears of cognitive dyscontrol. Relatively few studies have examined how these 3 subscales pertain to smoking processes. The aim of the present investigation was to examine, among treatment-seeking adults who smoke, the interactive effects of AS-physical and cognitive concerns in relation to: perceived barriers to smoking cessation; smoking-related negative reinforcement expectancies; and smoking-related avoidance and inflexibility...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
Enrique Moraleda-Barreno, Carmen Díaz-Batanero, Pedro Juan Pérez-Moreno, Jesús Gómez-Bujedo, Oscar M Lozano
Section III of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition proposes an alternative diagnostic model for personality disorders based on the identification of pathological personality facets. Despite the existing evidence for the relationship between personality disorders and impulsivity in patients with substance use disorders, no study has yet been conducted within this framework. Thus, using a sample of 110 patients with substance use disorders, the present work aims to (a) analyze the relationship between the different personality facets and domains evaluated by the Personality Inventory for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (PID-5) and impulsivity and (b) explore the relationships between severity of dependency and personality facets and dimensions of impulsivity...
February 12, 2018: Personality Disorders
Anne-Laure Poher, Matthias H Tschöp, Timo D Müller
The a 28-amino acid peptide ghrelin was discovered in 1999 as a growth hormone (GH) releasing peptide. Soon after its discovery, ghrelin was found to increase body weight and adiposity by acting on the hypothalamic melanocortinergic system. Subsequently, ghrelin was found to exert a series of metabolic effects, overall testifying ghrelin a pleiotropic nature of broad pharmacological interest. Ghrelin acts through the growth hormone secretagogue-receptor (GHS-R), a seven transmembrane G protein-coupled receptor with high expression in the anterior pituitary, pancreatic islets, thyroid gland, heart and various regions of the brain...
February 2018: Peptides
Yayi Swain, Peter Muelken, Mark G LeSage, Jonathan C Gewirtz, Andrew C Harris
Understanding factors contributing to individual differences in opioid addiction vulnerability is essential for developing more effective preventions and treatments. Sensation seeking has been implicated in addiction to several drugs of abuse, yet its relationship with individual differences in opioid addiction vulnerability has not been well established. The primary goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship between locomotor activity in a novel environment, a preclinical model of sensation-seeking, and individual differences in acquisition of i...
February 2, 2018: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
Sandra Braun, Erika Nayeli Abad-Vivero, Raúl Mejía, Inti Barrientos, James D Sargent, James F Thrasher
INTRODUCTION: In a previous cross-sectional study of early adolescents, we developed a marketing receptivity index (MRI) that integrates point-of-sale (PoS) marketing exposures, brand recall, and ownership of branded merchandise. The MRI had independent, positive associations with smoking susceptibility among never smokers and with current smoking behavior. The current longitudinal study assessed the MRI's predictive validity among adolescents who have never smoked cigarettes METHODS: Data come from a longitudinal, school-based survey of 33 secondary schools in Argentina...
February 2, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
David C Houghton, Jennifer R Alexander, Christopher C Bauer, Douglas W Woods
OBJECTIVE: Several compulsive grooming habits such as hair pulling, skin picking, and nail biting are collectively known as body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs). Although subclinical BFRBs are common and benign, more severe and damaging manifestations exist that are difficult to manage. Researchers have suggested that BFRBs are maintained by various cognitive, affective, and sensory contingencies. Although the involvement of cognitive and affective processes in BFRBs has been studied, there is a paucity of research on sensory processes...
December 27, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Vanina Schmidt, María Fernanda Molina, María Julia Raimundi
Sensation Seeking is a trait defined by the seeking of varied, novel, complex, and intense situations and experiences, and the willingness to take physical, social, and financial risks for the sake of such experience. The Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS-V) is the most widely used measure to assess this construct. In previous studies a variety of psychometric limitations were found when using the SSS-V with Latin American population. The purpose of this study is to present additional psychometric properties for its use with Latin American adolescents...
November 2017: Europe's Journal of Psychology
Robson Cristiano Lillo Vizin, Anna Carolina Parracho Motzko-Soares, Giovana Marchini Armentano, Debora T Ishikawa, Ariovaldo Pereira Cruz-Neto, Daniel Carneiro Carrettiero, Maria Camila Almeida
In this study, we aimed at evaluating the influence of daily repeated menthol treatments on body mass and thermoregulatory effectors in Wistar rats, considering that menthol is a TRPM8 channel agonist that mimics cold sensation and activates thermoregulatory cold-defense mechanisms in mammals, promoting hyperthermia and increasing energy expenditure, and has been suggested as an anti-obesity drug. Male Wistar rats were topically treated with 5% menthol for 3 or 9 consecutive days, while body mass, food intake, abdominal temperature, metabolism, cutaneous vasoconstriction and thermal preference were measured...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
Terrance Mosley, Moliehi Khaketla, Heather L Armstrong, Zishan Cui, Paul Sereda, Nathan J Lachowsky, Mark W Hull, Gbolahan Olarewaju, Jody Jollimore, Joshua Edward, Julio S G Montaner, Robert S Hogg, Eric A Roth, David M Moore
Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (gbMSM) are at the highest risk for HIV infection in British Columbia (BC). Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has been recently licensed but is currently not publicly funded in BC. Using respondent-driven sampling, we recruited a cohort of gbMSM to complete a computer-assisted self-interview with follow-up every 6 months. Stratified by HIV status, we examined trends in awareness of PrEP from 11/2012 to 02/2016 and factors associated with PrEP awareness. 732 participants responded to the PrEP awareness question...
January 17, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
Andrew T Voss, Kathryn E Soltis, Ashley A Dennhardt, Matthew P Martens, James G Murphy
Behavioral economic measures of alcohol reward value and future orientation have received support as predictors of alcohol consumption, alcohol-related problems, and response to intervention. Protective behavioral strategies (PBS) have been shown to be a significant mediator between a variety of risk factors and alcohol-related problems. The current article examines direct and mediating associations between measures of alcohol reward value (proportionate substance-related activity participation and enjoyment) and future orientation, use of PBS, and alcohol-related problems...
January 11, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Gemma Hammerton, Jon Heron, Liam Mahedy, Barbara Maughan, Matthew Hickman, Joseph Murray
BACKGROUND: Low resting heart rate (RHR) is a consistent biological correlate of antisocial behaviour (ASB), however potential mechanisms have been largely unexplored. We hypothesise that lower RHR will be associated with higher ASB levels in mid-adolescence and persistence into adulthood, and that these associations will be explained, in part, by sensation seeking and callous-unemotional traits. METHODS: ASB was assessed repeatedly with young people from ages 15 to 21 years in a population-based birth cohort (ALSPAC)...
January 9, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Toshikazu Ikuta, Alberto Del Arco, Katherine H Karlsgodt
Frontostriatal projections have been shown to mediate impulsivity. Recent findings have demonstrated that the projection from the prefrontal cortex to the nucleus accumbens (the accumbofrontal tract) can be isolated by using probabilistic tractography on human brain MRI data, specifically, diffusion tensor images (DTI). Using DTI tractography, we isolated the tract and tested its association with the impulsivity. DTI data from 143 individuals obtained from Nathan Kline Institute-Rockland Sample was used along with the impulsivity measure assessed by the UPPS (urgency, premeditation, perseverance, and sensation seeking) impulsive behavior total score...
January 4, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
William D Winkelman, Ann Warsi, Alison J Huang, Michael Schembri, Rebecca G Rogers, Holly E Richter, Deborah L Myers, Stephen R Kraus, Karen C Johnson, Rachel Hess, Thomas Gregory, Catherine S Bradley, Lily A Arya, Jeanette S Brown, Katie L Stone, Leslee L Subak
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the strength and direction of the association between urinary symptoms and both poor quality sleep and daytime sleepiness among women with urgency urinary incontinence. METHODS: A planned secondary analysis of baseline characteristics of participants in a multicenter, double-blinded, 12-week randomized controlled trial of pharmacologic therapy for urgency-predominant urinary incontinence in ambulatory women self-diagnosed by the 3 Incontinence Questions was performed...
January 3, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Emily R Wilhite, Kim Fromme
There are startling rates of sexual coercion across college campuses, underscoring the importance of identifying risk factors and intervening early to prevent perpetration of these unwanted sexual events. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of impulsivity, sensation seeking, and alcohol use on the odds of perpetrating unwanted sexual advances (i.e., forced fondling, kissing, or petting) and sexual coercion (i.e., sexual intercourse through arguments, pressure, or physical force) during the subsequent 6 years...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Alisa R Garner, Laura C Spiller, Patrick Williams
The purpose of this study was to examine whether a decision-making model of risk-taking behavior, specifically impulsivity, positive and negative outcome expectation, and sensation seeking, can be extended to motivation for perpetration of sexual coercion. Participants included 276 sexually active college students between the ages of 18 and 25 years old who completed a set of questionnaires: (a) Sexual Experiences Survey, (b) Sensation Seeking Scales, (c) Cognitive Appraisal of Risky Events, (d) Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, and (e) Reckless Behavior Questionnaire...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Maria Strauß, Christine Ulke, Madlen Paucke, Jue Huang, Nicole Mauche, Christian Sander, Tetyana Stark, Ulrich Hegerl
The main aim of the current study was to test the hypothesis that adult patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have less stable brain arousal regulation than healthy controls. We objectively assessed brain arousal regulation using the Vigilance Algorithm Leipzig (VIGALL 2.1) to analyze 15-min resting EEG data of thirty-three ADHD patients and thirty-five matched controls. Based on automatically classified 1-s segments we computed mean EEG-vigilance (indexing arousal level) and arousal stability score (indexing arousal regulation)...
December 18, 2017: Psychiatry Research
Bo-Kyung Hong, Hyo Young Lee
Background: In recent years, increasing numbers of adults and adolescents have opted to undergo tattoo and piercing procedures. Studies among adolescents with tattoo and piercing have usually explored the relationship between one factor and the decision to have tattoos and/or piercings. The aim of this study was to determine relationships between body cosmetic procedures and selfesteem, propensity for sensation seeking, and risk behaviours among adults. Materials and Methods: The subjects were divided into two groups, i...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
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