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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340147/evoked-pressure-pain-sensitivity-is-associated-with-differential-analgesic-response-to-verum-and-sham-acupuncture-in-fibromyalgia
#1
Noah A Zucker, Alex Tsodikov, Scott D Mist, Stephen Cina, Vitaly Napadow, Richard E Harris
Objective.:  Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition with few effective treatments. Many fibromyalgia patients seek acupuncture for analgesia; however, its efficacy is limited and not fully understood. This may be due to heterogeneous pathologies among participants in acupuncture clinical trials. We hypothesized that pressure pain tenderness would differentially classify treatment response to verum and sham acupuncture in fibromyalgia patients. Design.:  Baseline pressure pain sensitivity at the thumbnail at baseline was used in linear mixed models as a modifier of differential treatment response to sham versus verum acupuncture...
March 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323526/addiction-to-snake-venom
#2
Saibal Das, Preeti Barnwal, Tanay Maiti, Anand Ramasamy, Somnath Mondal, Dinesh Babu
The nature of addiction depends on various factors. The tendency to have already used several addictive substances and to seek high sensation experiences as a result of specific personality traits may lead to extreme and peculiar forms of addictions. Even belonging to specific social and cultural background may lead to such forms of addiction such as intentional snake bite and willful envenomation. In this article, we have discussed the peculiarities and practical insight of such addiction to snake venom. The possible molecular mechanism behind such venom-mediated reinforcement has also been highlighted...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323494/associations-between-thematic-content-and-industry-self-regulation-code-violations-in-beer-advertising-broadcast-during-the-u-s-ncaa-basketball-tournament
#3
Jonathan K Noel, Ziming Xuan, Thomas F Babor
BACKGROUND: Beer marketing in the United States is controlled through self-regulation, whereby the beer industry has created a marketing code and enforces its use. We performed a thematic content analysis on beer ads broadcast during a U.S. college athletic event and determined which themes are associated with violations of a self-regulated alcohol marketing code. METHODS: 289 beer ads broadcast during the U.S. NCAA Men's and Women's 1999-2008 basketball tournaments were assessed for the presence of 23 thematic content areas...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318348/impulsivity-and-problem-drinking-in-college-examining-the-mediating-role-of-sex-related-alcohol-expectancies-and-alcohol-use-at-sex
#4
Devin E Banks, Tamika C B Zapolski
BACKGROUND: Dispositional impulsivity has been consistently implicated as a risk factor for problem drinking among college students and research suggests that this relationship may be explained in part by alcohol expectancies. A subset of alcohol expectancies, sex-related alcohol expectancies, is particularly linked to problem drinking among college students. The acquired preparedness model of risk postulates that people with dispositional impulsivity develop stronger sex-related alcohol expectancies, are subsequently more likely to drink at problematic levels in sexual situations, and thus, engage in more problem drinking...
March 20, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318181/risk-factors-associated-with-tobacco-alcohol-and-drug-use-among-adolescents-attending-secondary-school-in-three-cities-from-argentina
#5
Paola Morello, Adriana Pérez, Lorena Peña, Sandra N Braun, Christy Kollath-Cattano, James F Thrasher, James Sargent, Raúl Mejía
Tobacco, alcohol and drug use starts at an early age. It is important to identify risk factors associated with initiation. In 2014, a survey was conducted among students attending first year of secondary schools in Buenos Aires, Córdoba, and Tucumán. A total of 3172 students completed the survey (42% were girls); their mean age was 12.8 years old. Findings showed that 10% had smoked; 32% had consumed alcohol; 17% had a heavy drinking episode in the past month; and 8% had used at least one illegal drug once in their lifetime...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296264/a-clinician-administered-observation-and-corresponding-caregiver-interview-capturing-dsm-5-sensory-reactivity-symptoms-in-children-with-asd
#6
Paige M Siper, Alexander Kolevzon, A Ting Wang, Joseph D Buxbaum, Teresa Tavassoli
Sensory reactivity, including hyperreactivity, hyporeactivity, and sensation seeking, is a new criterion for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). However, there is no consensus on how to reliably measure sensory reactivity, particularly in minimally verbal individuals. The current study is an initial validation of the Sensory Assessment for Neurodevelopmental Disorders (SAND), a novel clinician-administered observation and corresponding caregiver interview that captures sensory symptoms based on DSM-5 criteria for ASD...
March 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294965/differences-in-dietary-preferences-personality-and-mental-health-in-australian-adults-with-and-without-food-addiction
#7
Tracy Burrows, Leanne Hides, Robyn Brown, Christopher V Dayas, Frances Kay-Lambkin
Increased obesity rates, an evolving food supply and the overconsumption of energy dense foods has led to an increase in research exploring addictive eating behaviours. This study aimed to investigate food addiction in a sample of Australian adults using the revised Yale Food Addiction Survey (YFAS) 2.0 tool and how it is associated with dietary intake, personality traits and mental health issues. Australian adults were invited to complete an online survey that collected information including: demographics, dietary intake, depression, anxiety, stress and personality dimensions including impulsivity, sensation seeking, hopelessness and anxiety sensitivity...
March 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286962/relationship-between-physiological-and-parent-observed-auditory-over-responsiveness-in-children-with-typical-development-and-those-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#8
Hidetoshi Takahashi, Takayuki Nakahachi, Andrew Stickley, Makoto Ishitobi, Yoko Kamio
The objective of this study was to investigate relationships between caregiver-reported sensory processing abnormalities, and the physiological index of auditory over-responsiveness evaluated using acoustic startle response measures, in children with autism spectrum disorders and typical development. Mean acoustic startle response magnitudes in response to 65-105 dB stimuli, in increments of 10 dB, were analyzed in children with autism spectrum disorders and with typical development. Average peak startle latency was also examined...
December 1, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282524/effectiveness-of-a-selective-alcohol-prevention-program-targeting-personality-risk-factors-results-of-interaction-analyses
#9
Jeroen Lammers, Ferry Goossens, Patricia Conrod, Rutger Engels, Reinout W Wiers, Marloes Kleinjan
AIM: To explore whether specific groups of adolescents (i.e., scoring high on personality risk traits, having a lower education level, or being male) benefit more from the Preventure intervention with regard to curbing their drinking behaviour. DESIGN: A clustered randomized controlled trial, with participants randomly assigned to a 2-session coping skills intervention or a control no-intervention condition. SETTING: Fifteen secondary schools throughout The Netherlands; 7 schools in the intervention and 8 schools in the control condition...
February 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278565/a-genetic-marker-of-risk-in-hiv-infected-individuals-with-a-history-of-hazardous-drinking
#10
David H Barker, Nicole R Nugent, Jeanne R Delgado, Valerie S Knopik, Larry K Brown, Michelle A Lally, John E McGeary
Impulsivity and sensation seeking have been linked to hazardous drinking, increased sexual risk behaviors, and lower treatment adherence among persons living with HIV (PLH). The dopamine active transporter1 (DAT1or SLC6A3) gene has been linked to impulsivity and sensation seeking in several populations but has not been investigated among populations of PLH. This study used data from 201 PLH who report a recent history of heavy episodic drinking. Results indicate that DAT1*10R vs DAT1*9R genotype was related to higher propensity for risk taking (standardized difference score (d) = 0...
February 21, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276937/toward-the-tailoring-of-sexual-health-education-messages-for-young-women-a-focus-on-tourist-experiences
#11
Liza Berdychevsky
Perceived anonymity and decreased influence of sexual double standards in tourism provide female travelers with opportunities for sexual experimentation and risk taking. The purpose of this study was (a) to identify the clusters of risk takers among young women based on their perceptions of and motivations for sexual risk taking in tourism and (b) to profile the clusters with respect to the psychological, sexual, demographic, and tourist characteristics. The data were collected through an online survey of 853 women (age in years: M = 23...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251729/sham-acupuncture-is-as-efficacious-as-true-acupuncture-for-the-treatment-of-ibs-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
C Lowe, A Aiken, A G Day, W Depew, S J Vanner
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients increasingly seek out acupuncture therapy to alleviate symptoms, but it is unclear whether the benefit is due to a treatment-specific effect or a placebo response. This study examined whether true acupuncture is superior to sham acupuncture in relieving IBS symptoms and whether benefits were linked to purported acupuncture mechanisms. METHODS: A double blind sham controlled acupuncture study was conducted with Rome I IBS patients receiving twice weekly true acupuncture for 4 weeks (n=43) or sham acupuncture (n=36)...
March 2, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220280/neighborhood-moderation-of-sensation-seeking-effects-on-adolescent-substance-use-initiation
#13
Michaeline Jensen, Laurie Chassin, Nancy A Gonzales
Adolescent substance use carries a considerable public health burden, and early initiation into use is especially problematic. Research has shown that trait sensation seeking increases risk for substance use initiation, but less is known about contextual factors that can potentially unmask this risk. This study utilized a diverse longitudinal subsample of youth (N = 454) from a larger study of familial alcoholism (53.1% female, 61% non-Hispanic Caucasian, 27.8% Hispanic, 11.2% other ethnicity). Study questions examined sensation seeking in early adolescence (mean age = 12...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214739/characterizing-users-of-new-psychoactive-substances-using-psychometric-scales-for-risk-related-behavior
#14
Annabel Vreeker, Babette G van der Burg, Margriet van Laar, Tibor M Brunt
INTRODUCTION: Studies investigating risk-related behavior in relation to new psychoactive substance (NPS) use are sparse. The current study investigated characteristics of NPS users by comparing risk-related behavior of NPS users to that of illicit drugs (ID) users and licit substances users and non-users (NLC) users. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study we included 528 individuals across an age range of 18-72years. Using a web-based questionnaire we collected self-report data on substance use, sensation seeking, impulsivity, peer substance use and risk perception of substance use...
February 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28200067/sensation-seeking-and-adolescent-alcohol-use-exploring-the-mediating-role-of-unstructured-socializing-with-peers
#15
Sharon Sznitman, Batya Engel-Yeger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196992/subtyping-of-alcohol-dependence-in-indian-males-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#16
Savita Malhotra, Debasish Basu, Abhishek Ghosh, Madhu Khullar, Neeraj Kakkar
OBJECTIVES: Two cluster solutions for the subtyping of alcohol dependence (AD) was investigated in an Indian male population. Subtypes were compared for various personality traits and childhood externalizing disorders. They were also compared with respect to single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of various candidate genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a clinic-based study conducted among 202 patients with AD. All patients were assessed with SSAGA-II for comorbid antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and childhood conduct disorder (CD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182143/a-possible-role-of-the-infant-toddler-sensory-profile-in-screening-for-autism-a-proof-of-concept-study-in-the-specific-sample-of-prematurely-born-children-with-birth-weights-1-500-g
#17
Stepanka Beranova, Jan Stoklasa, Iva Dudova, Daniela Markova, Martina Kasparova, Jana Zemankova, Tomas Urbanek, Tomas Talasek, Pasi Luukka, Michal Hrdlicka
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the potential of the Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile (ITSP) as a screening tool for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in prematurely born children. METHODS: Parents of 157 children with birth weights <1,500 g (aged 2 years, corrected for prematurity; 88 boys, 69 girls) completed a screening battery that included the ITSP, Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT), and the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Developmental Profile Infant-Toddler Checklist (CSBS-DP-ITC)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162587/-349-sensation-seeking-and-stoicism-mediate-the-relationship-between-sex-and-pain-tolerance
#18
C Sturycz, B Kuhn, E Lannon, S Palit, Y Güereca, M Payne, K Thompson, J Shadlow, J Rhudy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159126/-i-have-made-children-so-what-s-the-problem-retrospective-self-circumcision-and-the-sexual-and-urological-health-needs-of-some-somali-men-in-sweden
#19
Pauline Binder-Finnema, Asha Omar Mahmud, Sara Johnsdotter, Birgitta Essén
Unskilled traditional healers are widely blamed for complications to male circumcision performed in low- and middle-income settings. However, attributions of culpability are mostly anecdotal. We identify self-circumcision in adults that was performed during adolescence, hereby termed retrospective self-circumcision, and unexpectedly discovered during interviews with Somali men in Sweden in 2010. This study explores the phenomenon with the aim to increase our understanding about the health needs of this group...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150391/around-the-world-adolescence-is-a-time-of-heightened-sensation-seeking-and-immature-self-regulation
#20
Laurence Steinberg, Grace Icenogle, Elizabeth P Shulman, Kaitlyn Breiner, Jason Chein, Dario Bacchini, Lei Chang, Nandita Chaudhary, Laura Di Giunta, Kenneth A Dodge, Kostas A Fanti, Jennifer E Lansford, Patrick S Malone, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli, Ann T Skinner, Emma Sorbring, Sombat Tapanya, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Liane Peña Alampay, Suha M Al-Hassan, Hanan M S Takash
The dual systems model of adolescent risk-taking portrays the period as one characterized by a combination of heightened sensation seeking and still-maturing self-regulation, but most tests of this model have been conducted in the United States or Western Europe. In the present study, these propositions are tested in an international sample of more than 5000 individuals between ages 10 and 30 years from 11 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas, using a multi-method test battery that includes both self-report and performance-based measures of both constructs...
February 1, 2017: Developmental Science
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