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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092187/online-and-live-regular-poker-players-do-they-differ-in-impulsive-sensation-seeking-and-gambling-practice
#1
Servane Barrault, Isabelle Varescon
Background and aims Online gambling appears to have special features, such as anonymity, speed of play and permanent availability, which may contribute to the facilitation and increase in gambling practice, potentially leading to problem gambling. The aims of this study were to assess sociodemographic characteristics, gambling practice and impulsive sensation seeking among a population of regular poker players with different levels of gambling intensity and to compare online and live players. Methods 245 regular poker players (180 online players and 65 live players) completed online self-report scales assessing sociodemographic data, pathological gambling (SOGS), gambling practice (poker questionnaire) and impulsive sensation seeking (ImpSS)...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091559/brain-structural-differences-between-normal-and-obese-adults-and-their-links-with-lack-of-perseverance-negative-urgency-and-sensation-seeking
#2
Haifeng Wang, Baohong Wen, Jingliang Cheng, Hongpeng Li
In order to examine the difference in brain structure between obese and normal weight individuals, and to explore the relationship between the neuroanatomical changes and impulsivity traits, this study used a voxel-based morphometry method to examine gray matter (GM) volume alterations related to impulsive personality traits in obese individuals relative to normal weight. Eighty adults that completed the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale were analyzed. Possible GM volume alterations were first analyzed at the whole brain level, and then the relationship between regional GM volume differences and UPPS-P scores were examined in selected regions of interest...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063599/-risk-factors-and-psychological-vulnerabilities-to-binge-drinking-in-youth
#3
E De Wever, V Quaglino
For years, a large number of studies have demonstrated the harmful effects of alcohol consumption on the brain and therefore on behavior and cognition. These studies first aimed at identifying the consequences of alcohol abuse consumption, more specifically in pathologies such as alcohol-dependence or Korsakoff syndrome. Researchers then also started to focus on vulnerabilities to alcohol consumption, especially in hyper fast alcohol consumption called binge-drinking (BD). Indeed BD, which is a particularly dangerous form of alcohol consumption, is usually observed in adolescents and young adults...
January 4, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051925/a-social-work-plan-to-promote-hiv-testing-a-social-marketing-approach
#4
J P Morgan-Siebe
Many people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) do not know that they are infected. It is important for infected persons to get tested for HIV in order to be diagnosed and medically treated. HIV has no known cure, but it can be controlled and sometimes prevented with proper medical care. The social work profession has ideal positioning to be extraordinarily helpful in work that promotes HIV testing, leading to reducing then eliminating new HIV diagnoses. Social marketing interventions, along with audience segmenting are explained...
January 4, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050189/the-effect-of-life-skills-training-on-mental-health-of-iranian-middle-school-students-a-preliminary-study
#5
Saman Jamali, Sekineh Sabokdast, Hamid Sharif Nia, Amir Hossein Goudarzian, Sima Beik, Kelly-Ann Allen
Objective: This research aimed to study the effect of life skill training on mental health of Iranian middle school students. Method: This experimental study was conducted In 2015 on 100 students of city of Ghaemshahr (North of Iran), who were randomly selected and divided into two equal groups of intervention (n = 50) and control (n = 50). Qualified trainers provided eight sessions (two sessions a week for 2 hours) of life skills training to the intervention group for one month. The control group did not participate in any training sessions during the same period...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028687/internet-gamblers-differ-on-social-variables-a-latent-class-analysis
#6
Yasser Khazaal, Anne Chatton, Sophia Achab, Gregoire Monney, Gabriel Thorens, Magali Dufour, Daniele Zullino, Stephane Rothen
Online gambling has gained popularity in the last decade, leading to an important shift in how consumers engage in gambling and in the factors related to problem gambling and prevention. Indebtedness and loneliness have previously been associated with problem gambling. The current study aimed to characterize online gamblers in relation to indebtedness, loneliness, and several in-game social behaviors. The data set was obtained from 584 Internet gamblers recruited online through gambling websites and forums...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010167/parental-style-and-its-association-with-substance-use-in-argentinean-youth
#7
Lorena Peña, Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Adriana Pérez, Paola Morello, Edna Arillo Santillan, Christy Kollath-Cattano, James F Thrasher, James Sargent, Raúl Mejia
BACKGROUND: In Europe and the United States, family relationships and parenting behavior can influence youth substance use, but less is known about their influence in Latin American countries. OBJECTIVE: To explore whether parenting behavior is associated with substance use among Latin American youth. METHODS: A cross-sectional, school-based survey of middle-school youth (n = 3172) in three Argentinian cities queried tobacco, alcohol, and drug use using items adapted from global youth surveys...
December 23, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008322/the-relationship-between-impulsivity-and-problem-gambling-in-adolescence
#8
Roberto Secades-Villa, Victor Martínez-Loredo, Aris Grande-Gosende, José R Fernández-Hermida
Gambling has become one of the most frequently reported addictive behaviors among young people. Understanding risk factors associated with the onset or maintenance of gambling problems in adolescence has implications for its prevention and treatment. The main aim of the present study was to examine the potential relationships between impulsivity and problem gambling in adolescence. Participants were 874 high school students (average age: 15 years old) who were surveyed to provide data on gambling and impulsivity...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990578/unsafe-sexual-behavior-among-gay-bisexual-men-in-the-era-of-combination-antiretroviral-therapy-cart
#9
Pamela J Surkan, Ying Li, Lisa P Jacobson, Christopher Cox, Anthony Silvestre, Pamina Gorbach, Linda Teplin, Michael Plankey
The aim of this study was to determine the association between psychosocial determinants of unprotected receptive anal intercourse (URAI) and unprotected insertive anal intercourse (UIAI). Data from 417 HIV positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study from April 1999 to March 2012 were analyzed and adjusted odds were calculated. It was found that 66% (n = 277) and 72% (n = 299) reported any UIAI or URAI over follow-up, respectively. Cumulative cART-years (median = 5.30 years) was associated with 33 and 47% increases in UIAI and URAI, respectively...
December 19, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987430/effects-of-the-cortisol-stress-response-on-the-psychotherapy-outcome-of-panic-disorder-patients
#10
Susann Wichmann, Clemens Kirschbaum, Thomas Lorenz, Katja Petrowski
BACKGROUND: A proportion of patients with panic disorder (PD) fail to show a remission after psychotherapy. Biological correlates of psychotherapy non-response have rarely been described in the literature. The aim of the present study was to research the relationship between the cortisol stress response and the psychotherapy outcome in PD patients. METHODS: Twenty-eight PD patients (20 females, mean age±SD: 35.71±13.18) seeking psychological treatment for PD and n=32 age- and sex-matched healthy control participants (21 females, aged 34...
November 30, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987086/a-latent-class-analysis-of-seroadaptation-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#11
Kiffer G Card, Nathan J Lachowsky, Zishan Cui, Allison Carter, Heather Armstrong, Susan Shurgold, David Moore, Robert S Hogg, Eric A Roth
Initial research into seroadaptive strategies suggests that, individually, they are potentially effective behavioral methods to reduce risk of HIV transmission. Combining strategies, therefore, has the potential to increase risk reduction. The aim of this study was to determine how gay and bisexual men (GBM) combine strategies. To this end, a total of 774 sexually active GBM, aged ≥16 years, in Metro Vancouver, Canada, were recruited. Grouped by self-reported HIV status, latent class analysis of self-reported condom use, strategic positioning, anal sex avoidance, serosorting, viral-load sorting, and withdrawal were conducted...
December 16, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977387/exploring-the-role-of-sex-seeking-apps-and-websites-in-the-social-and-sexual-lives-of-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Kiffer G Card, Nathan J Lachowsky, Zishan Cui, Susan Shurgold, Maya Gislason, Jamie I Forrest, Ashleigh J Rich, David Moore, Eric Roth, Robert S Hogg
Background: The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between online sex-seeking, community/social attachment and sexual behaviour. Methods: Respondent-driven sampling was used to recruit 774 sexually active gay and bisexual men in Vancouver, Canada, aged ≥16 years. Multivariable logistic regression compared men who had used online sex-seeking apps/websites in the past 6 months (n=586) with those who did not (n=188). Results: Multivariable results showed that online sex seekers were more likely to be younger [adjusted odds ratio (aOR)=0...
December 16, 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965605/differences-in-knowledge-stress-sensation-seeking-and-locus-of-control-linked-to-dietary-adherence-in-hemodialysis-patients
#13
E Leigh Gibson, Ines Held, Dina Khawnekar, Peter Rutherford
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) often require regular hemodialysis (HD) to prolong life. However, between HD sessions, patients have to restrict their diets carefully to avoid excess accumulation of potassium, phosphate, sodium, and fluid, which their diseased kidneys can no longer regulate. Failure to adhere to their renal dietary regimes can be fatal; nevertheless, non-adherence is common, and yet little is known about the psychological variables that might predict this dietary behavior. Thus, this study aimed to assess whether dietary adherence might be affected by a variety of psychological factors including stress, personality, and health locus of control, as well as dietary knowledge, in chronic HD patients...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956212/voluntary-ethanol-consumption-changes-anticipatory-ultrasonic-vocalizations-but-not-novelty-response
#14
Erik J Garcia, Emily T Jorgensen, Lukas S Sprick, Mary E Cain
Novelty and sensation seeking (NSS) and affective disorders are correlated with earlier ethanol (ETOH) consumption, and sustained drinking into adulthood. Understanding the NSS response and affective response before and after voluntary ETOH consumption could elucidate important individual differences promoting sustained ETOH consumption. This study determined that NSS and affective response to rewarding stimulation-measured by ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs)-change after adolescent ETOH voluntary drinking. Rats were tested for their NSS response using the inescapable novelty test...
March 1, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956207/modulation-of-reward-related-neural-activation-on-sensation-seeking-across-development
#15
Samuel W Hawes, Rajpreet Chahal, Michael N Hallquist, David J Paulsen, Charles F Geier, Beatriz Luna
Sensation seeking is a personality construct associated with an increased propensity for engaging in risk-taking. Associations with deleterious outcomes ranging from mental health impairments to increased mortality rates highlight important public health concerns related to this construct. Although some have suggested that increased neural responsivity to reward within the ventral striatum (e.g., nucleus accumbens) may drive sensation seeking behaviors, few studies have examined the neural mechanisms associated with stable individual differences in sensation seeking across development...
December 9, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940074/acc-gaba-levels-are-associated-with-functional-activation-and-connectivity-in-the-fronto-striatal-network-during-interference-inhibition-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#16
Guo-Ying Wang, Julia van Eijk, Traute Demirakca, Markus Sack, Annegret Krause-Utz, Sylvia Cackowski, Christian Schmahl, Gabriele Ende
Impulsivity often develops from disturbed inhibitory control, a function mainly regulated by γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the fronto-striatal system. In this study, we combined MRS GABA measurements and fMRI to investigate neurochemical and neurofunctional correlates of interference inhibition, further emphasizing the direct relationship between those two systems, as well as their relations to impulsivity in patients with BPD. In addition to BOLD activation, task-dependent functional connectivity was assessed by a generalized psychophysiological interactions approach...
December 7, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938992/sexual-sensation-seeking-sexual-compulsivity-and-gender-identity-and-its-relationship-with-sexual-functioning-in-a-population-sample-of-men-and-women
#17
Andrea Burri
INTRODUCTION: Despite awareness of the importance of psycho-affective factors in the development of sexual problems, there is a lack of studies exploring the relation of sexual sensation seeking (SSS) and sexual compulsivity (SC) to sexual functioning. Because sex differences in SSS and SC have been reported, gender identity (GI; an individual's own experience of his or her gender that is unrelated to the actual biological sex) might act as a moderator in this relation. AIM: To understand the role of SSS and SC for men and women's sexual functioning and to explore whether these potential associations are moderated by GI...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929346/individual-differences-in-the-reinforcing-and-subjective-effects-of-d-amphetamine-dimensions-of-impulsivity
#18
Arit Harvanko, Catherine Martin, Joshua Lile, Richard Kryscio, Thomas H Kelly
Previous research has shown a relationship between impulsive personality and the subjective and reinforcing effects of d-amphetamine. Impulsive personality, however, is comprised of multiple dimensions. The association between different dimensions of impulsive personality and the subjective and reinforcing effects of d-amphetamine is unknown. The objective of this study was to assess the independent contributions of the "sensation-seeking" and "impulsivity" dimensions of the impulsive sensation-seeking subscale of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ) to the subjective and reinforcing effects of d-amphetamine...
December 2016: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910258/the-role-of-individual-and-personality-factors-in-controlling-risky-behaviours-related-to-aids-proposing-a-causal-model
#19
Mansour Rezaei, Ali Zakiei, Soheyla Reshadat, Seyed Ramin Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Investigating previous studies show that personality traits have an important role in controlling risky behaviours related to AIDS; therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between AIDS health literacy, personality traits and mental health and controlling risky behaviours related to AIDS through self-efficacy. METHODS: The statistical population includes all the young people in western provinces of Iran, 2015. Data analysis was carried out for a sample of 756 participants (59% female)...
December 2, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896939/a-multimodal-study-of-impulsivity-and-body-weight-integrating-behavioral-cognitive-and-neuroimaging-approaches
#20
Francesca M Filbey, Uma S Yezhuvath
OBJECTIVE: Dimensions of impulsivity are related to obesity. Accordingly, characterization of impulsivity in individuals with overweight and obesity holds promise for more targeted and effective intervention. METHODS: Forty-five individuals (13 males, mean age = 32.6, mean body mass index [BMI] = 30.7) were recruited to determine the role of impulsivity in elevated body weight by evaluating: (1) trait impulsivity via impulsive sensation-seeking scale (ImpSS), (2) state impulsivity via continuous performance test, and (3) activation and integration of brain cognitive control regions via functional magnetic resonance imaging during a response inhibition task (i...
January 2017: Obesity
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