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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808356/the-gist-of-delay-of-gratification-understanding-and-predicting-problem-behaviors
#1
Valerie F Reyna, Evan A Wilhelms
Delay of gratification captures elements of temptation and self-denial that characterize real-life problems with money and other problem behaviors such as unhealthy risk taking. According to fuzzy-trace theory, decision makers mentally represent social values such as delay of gratification in a coarse but meaningful form of memory called "gist." Applying this theory, we developed a gist measure of delay of gratification that does not involve quantitative trade-offs (as delay discounting does) and hypothesize that this construct explains unique variance beyond sensation seeking and inhibition in accounting for problem behaviors...
April 2017: Journal of Behavioral Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805083/the-relationship-between-health-related-quality-of-life-and-sensory-deficits-among-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Batya Engel-Yeger, Sanaa Darawsha Najjar, Mahmud Darawsha
PURPOSE: (1) To profile sensory deficits examined in the ability to process sensory information from daily environment and discriminate between tactile stimuli among patients with controlled and un-controlled diabetes mellitus. (2) Examine the relationship between the sensory deficits and patients' health-related quality of life. METHODS: This study included 115 participants aged 33-55 with uncontrolled (n = 22) or controlled (n = 24) glycemic levels together with healthy subjects (n = 69)...
August 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804465/personality-traits-related-to-binge-drinking-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Ana Adan, Diego A Forero, José Francisco Navarro
The pattern of alcohol consumption in the form of binge drinking (BD) or heavy episodic drinking has increased notably worldwide in recent years, especially among adolescent and young people, being currently recognized as a global health problem. Although only a minority of binge drinkers will develop a substance use disorder, BD may have negative personal and social consequences in the short and medium term. The objective of this article is to review the findings on personality traits related to binge drinkers and to emphasize the aspects that should be examined in order to make progress in this area...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797805/trajectories-of-energy-drink-consumption-and-subsequent-drug-use-during-young-adulthood
#4
Amelia M Arria, Kimberly M Caldeira, Brittany A Bugbee, Kathryn B Vincent, Kevin E O'Grady
BACKGROUND: Highly caffeinated energy drinks (EDs) are popular with adolescents and young adults, but longitudinal consumption patterns are poorly understood especially in relation to other substance use. METHODS: ED and other substance use were assessed annually (modal ages 21-25) among a sample (n=1099) who were originally recruited as first-year college students (modal age 18). Trajectory groups were derived based on probability of past-year use during ages 21-24, and compared for possible differences in substance use outcomes at age 25, holding constant demographics, sensation-seeking, other caffeine consumption, and age 21 substance use...
August 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781992/perceived-flavored-smokeless-tobacco-ease-of-use-and-youth-susceptibility
#5
Benjamin W Chaffee, Janelle Urata, Elizabeth T Couch, Stuart A Gansky
OBJECTIVES: Beliefs that flavored smokeless tobacco (ST) is more pleasant, less potent, or otherwise easier to use could contribute to youth initiation. We evaluated associations between perceived ease-of-use of flavored ST (moist snuff and chewing tobacco) and ST initiation susceptibility in a representative sample of US youth. METHODS: Among 7,718 tobacco never-users in the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health study (age: 12-17; collected: 2013-2014), we compared 4 ST susceptibility items (curiosity, expectation, willingness to try, and a composite) according to whether participants reported flavored ST to be "easier to use" than unflavored ST...
July 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780167/emotion-related-brain-structures-associated-with-trait-creativity-in-middle-children
#6
Kaixiang Zhuang, Yunman Xia, Jiangzhou Sun, Qunlin Chen, Dongtao Wei, Wenjing Yang, Jiang Qiu
Middle childhood is an important period for individual trait shaping, during which children are likely to generate and own their distinct neuromechanism of creative-related traits. This study used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to identify the brain structures that underlie trait creativity (as measured by the Williams Creativity Aptitude Test) in a sample of typical developing children (aged 9-12, n=64). The results indicated that several emotion-related regions may relate to trait creativity in middle children...
August 2, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777995/beyond-stereotypes-of-adolescent-risk-taking-placing-the-adolescent-brain-in-developmental-context
#7
REVIEW
Daniel Romer, Valerie F Reyna, Theodore D Satterthwaite
Recent neuroscience models of adolescent brain development attribute the morbidity and mortality of this period to structural and functional imbalances between more fully developed limbic regions that subserve reward and emotion as opposed to those that enable cognitive control. We challenge this interpretation of adolescent development by distinguishing risk-taking that peaks during adolescence (sensation seeking and impulsive action) from risk taking that declines monotonically from childhood to adulthood (impulsive choice and other decisions under known risk)...
July 26, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772246/early-alcohol-use-with-parental-permission-psychosocial-characteristics-and-drinking-in-late-adolescence
#8
Craig R Colder, Kathleen Shyhalla, Seth E Frndak
The earliest experiences with alcohol for many children occur in the family context with parental supervision. The current study examined individual and sociocultural characteristics associated with early (prior to age 13years) sipping and tasting alcohol with parental permission in two longitudinal community samples. Early sipping/tasting was also tested as a predictor of frequency and quantity of alcohol use, and alcohol-related problems seven years later in late adolescence. Early sipping/tasting with parental permission was associated with a sociocultural context supportive of alcohol use (e...
July 25, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755535/autistic-traits-and-internet-gaming-addiction-in-chinese-children-the-mediating-effect-of-emotion-regulation-and-school-connectedness
#9
Sha Liu, Chengfu Yu, Bradley T Conner, Suiping Wang, Weiping Lai, Wei Zhang
This report details an 18-month longitudinal study designed to investigate the influence of autistic traits' on internet gaming addiction (IGA) in children. A total of 420 Chinese children (220 boys, Mean age=9.74±0.45) participated in the research. Autistic traits were measured in the 4th grade and emotion regulation, school connectedness and IGA measured in both the 4th and 5th grades. After controlling for age, sex, and sensation seeking, results showed that autistic traits were related to decreased emotion regulation, which in turn was related to lower school connectedness, which was related to increased IGA...
September 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750253/associations-between-butane-hash-oil-use-and-cannabis-related-problems
#10
Madeline H Meier
BACKGROUND: High-potency cannabis concentrates are increasingly popular in the United States, and there is concern that use of high-potency cannabis might increase risk for cannabis-related problems. However, little is known about the potential negative consequences of concentrate use. This study reports on associations between past-year use of a high-potency cannabis concentrate, known as butane hash oil (BHO), and cannabis-related problems. METHODS: A sample of 821 college students were recruited to complete a survey about their health and behavior...
July 14, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749428/cannabinoid-receptor-1-and-fatty-acid-amide-hydrolase-contribute-to-operant-sensation-seeking-in-mice
#11
Alexander I Helfand, Christopher M Olsen, Cecilia J Hillard
A large body of evidence in humans and preclinical models supports a role for the endocannabinoid system in the proper execution of motivated or goal-directed behaviors. Operant sensation seeking (OSS) is a task that uses varied sensory stimuli as a reinforcer to maintain operant responding in mice. The purpose of the studies in this report was to begin to explore the role of endocannabinoid signaling in OSS utilizing cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1R) and fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) knock out mice. Compared to wild type littermate controls, CB1R knock out mice exhibited significantly fewer active responses and earned significantly fewer reinforcers in fixed ratio and progressive ratio schedules...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741291/is-personality-associated-with-secondhand-harm-from-drinking
#12
Parnell Davis MacNevin, Kara Thompson, Michael Teehan, Heather Stuart, Sherry Stewart
BACKGROUND: Prior research suggests more than 70% of undergraduates have experienced harm from other students' drinking. This study built on the literature by, first, investigating whether secondhand harm cluster into latent factors that reflect distinct but related types of harm. Second, given the paucity of research examining factors that increase students' vulnerability to secondhand harm, we examined dimensions from Castellanos-Ryan and Conrod's 4-factor personality model for alcohol disorders (impulsivity [IMP], sensation seeking [SS], hopelessness [HOP], anxiety sensitivity [AS]) as predictors of secondhand harm exposure...
July 24, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734940/role-of-orbitofrontal-sulcogyral-pattern-on-lifetime-cannabis-use-and-depressive-symptoms
#13
Yann Chye, Nadia Solowij, Eleni P Ganella, Chao Suo, Murat Yücel, Albert Batalla, Janna Cousijn, Anna E Goudriaan, Rocio Martin-Santos, Sarah Whittle, Cali F Bartholomeusz, Valentina Lorenzetti
Orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) sulcogyral patterns are stable morphological variations established early in life. They consist of three distinct pattern types, with Type III in particular being associated with poor regulatory control (e.g., high sensation seeking and negative emotionality, low constraint), which may confer risk for earlier onset of cannabis (CB) use and greater use in later life. The OFC sulcogyral pattern may therefore be a stable trait marker in understanding individual differences in substance-use vulnerability and associated affective disturbances in users...
July 20, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734864/reasons-for-seeking-clinical-care-for-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
James W Griffith, Emily E Messersmith, Brenda W Gillespie, Jonathan B Wiseman, Kathryn E Flynn, Ziya Kirkali, John W Kusek, Tamara Bavendam, David Cella, Karl J Kreder, Jasmine J Nero, Maria E Corona, Catherine S Bradley, Kimberly S Kenton, Brian T Helfand, Robert M Merion, Kevin P Weinfurt
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate reasons for seeking care among men and women with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). METHODS: Participants were recruited from urology and urogynecology clinics, and the community. The sample was enriched with persons expected to have abnormal or diminished bladder sensations (e.g., participants with lower back surgery, participants aged 65+). In-person interviews were conducted, beginning with an open-ended assessment of urinary symptoms and associated bother, followed by more directed questions, including reasons for seeking or not seeking treatment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729913/personality-traits-and-perception-of-m%C3%A3-ller-lyer-illusion-in-male-chinese-military-soldiers-and-university-students
#15
Yingchun Zhang, Jing Liu, Yongli Wang, Jingyi Huang, Lili Wei, Bingren Zhang, Wei Wang, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: In military men, performance such as gun-shooting precision relies on factors such as the ability to resist visual illusion, and this misperception of visual stimulus might be linked with sensation seeking related personality. METHODS: We have invited 103 male military men and 104 age-matched university male students to undergo the experiment of the Brentano version of the Müller-Lyer illusion and the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ) tests...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728644/differential-associations-of-upps-p-impulsivity-traits-with-alcohol-problems
#16
Kayleigh N McCarty, David H Morris, Laura E Hatz, Denis M McCarthy
OBJECTIVE: The UPPS-P model posits that impulsivity comprises five factors: positive urgency, negative urgency, lack of planning, lack of perseverance, and sensation seeking. Negative and positive urgency are the traits most consistently associated with alcohol problems. However, previous work has examined alcohol problems either individually or in the aggregate, rather than examining multiple problem domains simultaneously. Recent work has also questioned the utility of distinguishing between positive and negative urgency, as this distinction did not meaningfully differ in predicting domains of psychopathology...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716612/impulsive-personality-dimensions-are-associated-with-altered-behavioral-performance-and-neural-responses-in-the-monetary-incentive-delay-task
#17
Ruolei Gu, Yang Jiang, Seth Kiser, Chelsea L Black, Lucas S Broster, Yue-Jia Luo, Thomas H Kelly
Individual differences in dimensions of impulsivity personality including disinhibition and sensation seeking modulate approach responses to reinforcing stimuli, such as drugs and money. The current study examined the effects of monetary incentive on both behavioral performance and electrophysiological activity among individuals varying in disinhibition and sensation seeking. The monetary incentive delay (MID) task was completed under electroencephalogram (EEG) recording. Behavioral data showed that higher disinhibition and sensation-seeking were associated with lower performance accuracy...
July 15, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711748/do-personality-traits-related-to-affect-regulation-predict-other-tobacco-product-use-among-young-adult-non-daily-smokers
#18
Kristin Brikmanis, Angela Petersen, Neal Doran
INTRODUCTION: Understanding factors that influence non-cigarette tobacco use is important given these products' prevalence and health risks. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that personality traits related to affect regulation would be associated with greater frequency of other tobacco product (OTP) use in a sample of young adult non-daily smokers. METHODS: Participants (n=518, 51% male) aged 18-24 were non-daily cigarette smokers recruited from the community for a longitudinal study of tobacco use...
July 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709080/the-relationship-between-the-upps-p-impulsive-personality-traits-and-substance-use-psychotherapy-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Alexandra R Hershberger, Miji Um, Melissa A Cyders
BACKGROUND: Although impulsive personality traits have been well implicated in substance use disorder (SUD) risk, little work has established how specific impulsive personality traits influence and are influenced by SUD psychotherapy outcomes. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to quantitatively review existing work to examine 1) how impulsive personality traits affect SUD psychotherapy outcomes and 2) reductions in impulsive personality traits during SUD psychotherapy. METHODS: Studies were identified by conducting a comprehensive review of the literature...
September 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701967/a-novel-integrating-virtual-reality-approach-for-the-assessment-of-the-attachment-behavioral-system
#20
Irene Alice Chicchi Giglioli, Gabriella Pravettoni, Dolores Lucia Sutil Martín, Elena Parra, Mariano A Raya
Virtual reality (VR) technology represents a novel and powerful tool for behavioral research in psychological assessment. VR provides simulated experiences able to create the sensation of undergoing real situations. Users become active participants in the virtual environment seeing, hearing, feeling, and actuating as if they were in the real world. Currently, the most psychological VR applications concern the treatment of various mental disorders but not the assessment, that it is mainly based on paper and pencil tests...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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