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methamphetamine rat

Mark Galizio, Brooke April, Melissa Deal, Andrew Hawkey, Danielle Panoz-Brown, Ashley Prichard, Katherine Bruce
The Odor Span Task is an incrementing non-matching-to-sample procedure that permits the study of behavior under the control of multiple stimuli. Rats are exposed to a series of odor stimuli and selection of new stimuli is reinforced. Successful performance thus requires remembering which stimuli have previously been presented during a given session. This procedure has been frequently used in neurobiological studies as a rodent model of working memory; however, only a few studies have examined the effects of drugs on performance in this task...
October 17, 2016: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
Yusuf S Althobaiti, Fahad S Alshehri, Atiah H Almalki, Youssef Sari
Methamphetamine (METH) is one of the psychostimulants that is co-abused with ethanol. Repeated exposure to high dose of METH has been shown to cause increases in extracellular glutamate concentration. We have recently reported that ethanol exposure can also increase the extracellular glutamate concentration and downregulate the expression of glutamate transporter subtype 1 (GLT-1). GLT-1 is a glial transporter that regulates the majority of extracellular glutamate. A Wistar rat model of METH and ethanol co-abuse was used to examine the expression of GLT-1 as well as other glutamate transporters such as cystine/glutamate exchanger (xCT) and glutamate aspartate transporter (GLAST)...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Yusuf S Althobaiti, Atiah H Almalki, Sujan C Das, Fahad S Alshehri, Youssef Sari
Repeated exposure to high doses of methamphetamine (METH) is known to alter several neurotransmitters in certain brain regions. Little is known about the effects of ceftriaxone (CEF), a β-lactam antibiotic, known to upregulate glutamate transporter subtype 1, post-treatment on METH-induced depletion of dopamine and serotonin (5-HT) tissue content in brain reward regions. Moreover, the effects of METH and CEF post-treatment on glutamate and glutamine tissue content are not well understood. In this study, Wistar rats were used to investigate the effects of METH and CEF post-treatment on tissue content of dopamine/5-HT and glutamate/glutamine in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and prefrontal cortex (PFC)...
October 1, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Eugene A Kiyatkin, Hari Sharma
Methamphetamine (METH) is a powerful and often abused stimulant with potent addictive and neurotoxic properties. While it is generally believed that structural brain damage induced by METH results from oxidative stress, in this work we present data suggesting robust disruption of blood-brain and blood-spinal cord barriers (BBB and BSCB) during acute METH intoxication in rats. We demonstrate the relationships between METH-induced brain hyperthermia and widespread but structure-specific barrier leakage, acute glial activation, changes in brain water and ionic homeostasis, and structural damage of different types of cells in the brain and spinal cord...
September 20, 2016: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
Emily E Reichard, Nisha Nanaware-Kharade, Guillermo A Gonzalez, Shraddha Thakkar, S Michael Owens, Eric C Peterson
PURPOSE: Methamphetamine (METH) abuse is a worldwide drug problem, yet no FDA-approved pharmacological treatments are available for METH abuse. Therefore, we produced an anti-METH single chain antibody fragment (scFv7F9Cys) as a pharmacological treatment for METH abuse. ScFv's have a short half-life due to their small size, limiting their clinical use. Thus, we examined the pharmacokinetic effects of conjugating poly(ethylene) glycol (-PEG) to scFv7F9Cys to extend its functional half-life...
September 12, 2016: Pharmaceutical Research
Pichaya Jumnongprakhon, Piyarat Govitrapong, Chainarong Tocharus, Jiraporn Tocharus
Melatonin is a hormone that mostly produced from the pineal gland, and it performs as a strong neuroprotectant to both neuron and glial cells against methamphetamine (METH)-induced neurotoxicity. Recently, it has been found that METH also damages the blood brain barrier (BBB) structure and function. However, the protective mechanism of melatonin on the BBB impairment caused by METH has not been investigated. In this study, the primary rat brain microvascular endothelium cells (BMVECs) isolated from neonatal rats was used to investigate the protective effect of melatonin on METH-induced BBB impairment and the underlying mechanism...
November 1, 2016: Brain Research
Travis A Wearne, Lindsay M Parker, Jane L Franklin, Ann K Goodchild, Jennifer L Cornish
Psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia, are characterized by prevalent and persistent executive deficits that are believed to be the result of dysfunctional inhibitory gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) processing of the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Methamphetamine (METH) is a commonly used psychostimulant that can induce psychotic and cognitive symptoms that are indistinguishable to schizophrenia, suggesting that METH-induced psychosis may have a similar GABAergic profile of the PFC. As the PFC consists of multiple subregions, the aim of the current study was to investigate changes to GABAergic mRNA expression in the prelimbic (PRL) and orbitofrontal (OFC) cortices of the PFC in rats sensitized to repeated METH administration...
December 2016: Neuropharmacology
Allyson L Spence, Glenn F Guerin, Nicholas E Goeders
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine is the second most commonly used illicit drug in the world, and despite recent attempts by the Drug Enforcement Administration to combat this epidemic, methamphetamine use is still on the rise. As methamphetamine use increases so does polydrug use, particularly that involving methamphetamine and benzodiazepines. The present study was designed to examine the effects of two benzodiazepines on methamphetamine self-administration. METHODS: Five doses of methamphetamine (0...
September 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Mahnaz Nouri, Shabnam Movassaghi, Alireza Foroumadi, Mansooreh Soleimani, Zahra Nadia Sharifi
OBJECTIVES: 3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) one of the methamphetamine derivatives that affect the reproductive system, has not been well understood. Many young people are consumers of drugs such as MDMA that can affect their reproductive capability. Apoptosis is the main mechanism for male infertility. Pentoxifylline (PTX) increases cAMP intracellularly and reduces tumor necrosis factor-α. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of PTX administration in MDMA-induced apoptosis in testes of male Wistar rats...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Fatemeh Damghani, Imanollah Bigdeli, Hossein Miladi-Gorji, Atefeh Fadaei
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effect of swimming exercise during spontaneous methamphetamine (METH) withdrawal on the anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and voluntary METH consumption in METH-dependent rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats were repeatedly administered with bi-daily doses of METH (2 mg/kg, subcutaneous) over a period of 14 days. Exercised rats were submitted to swimming sessions (45 min/day, five days per week, for 14 days) during spontaneous METH-withdrawal...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
I Miklya
Deprenyl/Selegiline (DEP), created by Joseph Knoll in the 1960s, registered in more than 60 countries to treat Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, major depressive disorder; and used as an anti-aging drug, achieved its place in research and therapy as the first selective inhibitor of B-type monoamine oxidase (MAO-B). The demonstration that the DEP analog (-)-1-phenyl-2-propylaminopentane devoid of MAO inhibitory property, enhanced like DEP the activity of the catecholaminergic brain engine revealed that this effect is unrelated to the selective inhibition of MAO-B...
August 2, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
L Stan Leung, Miao Jin, Liangwei Chu, Jingyi Ma
Hippocampal seizures decreased the function of GABAB receptors, which may further increase seizure susceptibility and contribute to development of schizophrenia-like behaviors. Recent literature indicates that GABAB receptor agonist may normalize schizophrenia-like behaviors and prevent drug-induced behavioral sensitization. We hypothesized that positive modulation of GABAB receptor function during seizure induction will reduce seizure-induced schizophrenia-like behaviors. Using a partial hippocampal kindling model, afterdischarges were induced after injection of saline or dimethyl sulfoxide (vehicle-kindled rats), or a GABAB receptor positive allosteric modulator CGP7930, at 1 mg/kg i...
November 2016: Neuropharmacology
Eun Young Jang, Chae Ha Yang, David M Hedges, Soo Phil Kim, Jun Yeon Lee, Tyler G Ekins, Brandon T Garcia, Hee Young Kim, Ashley C Nelson, Nam Jun Kim, Scott C Steffensen
Methamphetamine (METH) markedly increases dopamine (DA) release in the mesolimbic DA system, which plays an important role in mediating the reinforcing effects of METH. METH-induced DA release results in the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to oxidative damage. We have recently reported that ROS are implicated in behavior changes and DA release in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) following cocaine administration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the involvement of ROS in METH-induced locomotor activity, self-administration and enhancement of DA release in the NAc...
July 14, 2016: Addiction Biology
Vinita Batra, Thanh Lam N Tran, Jessica Caputo, Glenn F Guerin, Nicholas E Goeders, Jessica Wilden
OBJECTIVE There is increasing interest in neuromodulation for addiction. Methamphetamine abuse is a global health epidemic with no proven treatment. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of intermittent nucleus accumbens shell (AcbSh) deep brain stimulation (DBS) on operant methamphetamine intake and on methamphetamine seeking when stimulation is delivered in an environment different from that of drug use. METHODS Eighteen rats were implanted with intravenous (IV) catheters and bilateral AcbSh electrodes and subsequently underwent daily sessions in 2-lever (active/methamphetamine and inactive/no reward) operant chambers to establish IV methamphetamine self-administration...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Rubén García-Cabrerizo, M Julia García-Fuster
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of amphetamine-like psychostimulant drugs (i.e., MDMA, methamphetamine, D-amphetamine) on rat hippocampal cell genesis at different developmental ages (i.e., early adolescence vs. young adulthood) to determine if there were periods of vulnerability to drug-induced brain changes. Although adolescence is a period of great vulnerability to the neurochemical effects of specific drugs of abuse, several reports suggest that adult rats are more susceptible than adolescents to the negative effects of these drugs...
June 29, 2016: Neurotoxicology
Reza Arezoomandan, Marzieh Moradi, Ghassem Attarzadeh-Yazdi, Carlos Tomaz, Abbas Haghparast
Methamphetamine (METH) is a psychostimulant drug with significant abuse potential and neurotoxic effects. A high percentage of users relapse to use after detoxification and no effective medication has been developed for treatment of METH addiction. Developing evidences indicated the role of glial cells in drugs abused related phenomena. However, little is known about the role of these cells in the maintenance and reinstatement of METH-seeking behaviors. Therefore, the current study was conducted to clarify the role of glial cells in the maintenance and reinstatement of METH-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) in rats...
July 2016: Brain Research Bulletin
Ryan S Poland, Yun K Hahn, Pamela E Knapp, Patrick M Beardsley, M Scott Bowers
There are no FDA-approved pharmacotherapies for cocaine use disorder, indicating a need to identify novel reagents with therapeutic potential. Ibudilast is an anti-inflammatory glial attenuator and non-selective phosphodiesterase inhibitor currently undergoing clinical evaluations for methamphetamine, opiate, and alcohol abuse disorders. We previously showed that twice daily (b.i.d.) ibudilast reduces the development of methamphetamine sensitization in male mice. However, nothing is known about the ability of ibudilast to modulate the expression of sensitization that occurs after drug re-exposure during abstinence, effects on cocaine-mediated behaviors, or potentially sexually dimorphic effects...
October 2016: Neuropharmacology
Dan-Ni Cao, Rui Song, Shu-Zhuo Zhang, Ning Wu, Jin Li
RATIONALE: Methamphetamine addiction is believed to primarily result from increased dopamine release and the inhibition of dopamine uptake. Some evidence suggests that hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels play important roles in the functional modulation of dopaminergic neurons and the pathophysiology of related diseases. However, little is known about the effects of HCN channels on methamphetamine addiction. OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the role of brain HCN channels in methamphetamine addiction...
August 2016: Psychopharmacology
Jacqueline S Womersley, Bafokeng Mpeta, Jacqueline J Dimatelis, Lauriston A Kellaway, Dan J Stein, Vivienne A Russell
BACKGROUND: Developmental stress has been hypothesised to interact with genetic predisposition to increase the risk of developing substance use disorders. Here we have investigated the effects of maternal separation-induced developmental stress using a behavioural proxy of methamphetamine preference in an animal model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, the spontaneously hypertensive rat, versus Wistar Kyoto and Sprague-Dawley comparator strains. RESULTS: Analysis of results obtained using a conditioned place preference paradigm revealed a significant strain × stress interaction with maternal separation inducing preference for the methamphetamine-associated compartment in spontaneously hypertensive rats...
2016: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
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