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ondansetron anaesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523051/the-effect-of-anti-emetic-doses-of-dexamethasone-on-postoperative-blood-glucose-levels-in-non-diabetic-and-diabetic-patients-a-prospective-randomised-controlled-study
#1
M Tien, T J Gan, I Dhakal, W D White, A J Olufolabi, R Fink, B M Mishriky, H J Lacassie, A S Habib
There are few data regarding postoperative hyperglycaemia in non-diabetic compared with diabetic patients following postoperative nausea and vomiting prophylaxis with dexamethasone. Eighty-five non-diabetic patients and patients with type-2 diabetes were randomly allocated to receive intravenous dexamethasone (8 mg) or ondansetron (4 mg). Blood glucose levels were measured at baseline and then 2, 4 and 24 h following induction of anaesthesia. In non-diabetic patients, the mean (SD) maximum blood glucose was higher in those who received dexamethasone compared with ondansetron (9...
September 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488394/effect-of-ramosetron-on-qtc-interval-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-patients-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#2
Tae Kyong Kim, Youn Joung Cho, Chae-Won Lim, Jeong Jin Min, Eue-Keun Choi, Deok Man Hong, Yunseok Jeon
BACKGROUND: Ramosetron is a relatively new 5-hydroxytryptamine three receptor antagonist with higher binding affinity and more prolonged duration of action compared to ondansetron. The present study was performed to evaluate the effects of ramosetron on QTc interval and possible cardiovascular adverse effects in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHOD: A total of 114 patients who underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery were enrolled in this randomised placebo-controlled trial...
August 3, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212768/role-of-butorphanol-and-ondansetron-premedication-in-reducing-postoperative-shivering-after-general-and-spinal-anesthesia-a-randomized-comparative-study-from-north-india
#3
Sujeet Rai, Satyajeet Verma, H P Pandey, Pramod Yadav, Amit Patel
BACKGROUND: Postoperative shivering (PAS) is a common problem following general and spinal anesthesia and may lead to multiple complications. This placebo-controlled, randomized study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of Ondansetron and butorphanol premedication reduces shivering after general and spinal anaesthesia. AIMS: The aim of this study to highlight the efficacy of Butorphenol and ondosteron in controlling postoperative shivering. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial included 180 patients scheduled for elective general surgery, E...
May 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27195435/population-pharmacokinetics-and-prophylactic-anti-emetic-efficacy-of-ramosetron-in-surgical-patients
#4
Yong-Hun Lee, Jae-Hyeon Seo, Kyung-Tae Min, Young-Jin Lim, Seong-Wook Jeong, Eun-Kyung Lee, Byung-Moon Choi, Gyu-Jeong Noh
AIMS: This study characterized the pharmacokinetics of ramosetron and compared prophylactic anti-emetic efficacy with that of ondansetron in a large population. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients consented to the pharmacokinetic analysis and were assigned randomly to receive 0.3, 0.45 or 0.6 mg ramosetron after induction of anaesthesia. Blood samples were acquired at preset intervals. Non-compartmental and population pharmacokinetic analyses were performed. In total, 1102 patients consented to the evaluation of prophylactic anti-emetic efficacy and were allocated randomly to receive 0...
September 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26962251/a-comparative-study-of-attenuation-of-propofol-induced-pain-by-lignocaine-ondansetron-and-ramosetron
#5
Gangur Basappa Sumalatha, Ravichandra Ramesh Dodawad, Sandeep Pandarpurkar, Parashuram R Jajee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Propofol is widely used for induction of anaesthesia, although the pain during its injection remains a concern for all anaesthesiologists. A number of techniques have been adopted to minimise propofol-induced pain. Various 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 antagonists have shown to reduce propofol-induced pain. Hence, this placebo-controlled study was conducted to compare the efficacy of ondansetron, ramosetron and lignocaine in terms of attenuation of propofol-induced pain during induction of anaesthesia...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26866433/impact-of-prophylactic-combination-of-dexamethasone-ondansetron-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-obese-adult-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-during-closed-loop-propofol-remifentanil-anaesthesia-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-study
#6
Aurélien Bataille, Jacques-Florian Letourneulx, Alain Charmeau, Pascale Lemedioni, Philippe Léger, Thierry Chazot, Morgan Le Guen, Pierre Diemunsch, Marc Fischler, Ngai Liu
BACKGROUND: In obese patients, the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) following sleeve gastrectomy under titration of total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) and the relevance of risk factors to indicate prophylaxis is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The hypothesis was that after automated TIVA, prophylaxis reduces PONV following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Our objective was to determine the incidence of PONV and evaluate the efficacy of dexamethasone and ondansetron as prophylaxis when automated intravenous anaesthesia is employed...
February 10, 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26522652/stimulation-of-the-wrist-acupuncture-point-pc6-for-preventing-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting
#7
REVIEW
Anna Lee, Simon K C Chan, Lawrence T Y Fan
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are common complications following surgery and anaesthesia. Antiemetic drugs are only partially effective in preventing PONV. An alternative approach is to stimulate the PC6 acupoint on the wrist. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2004, updated in 2009 and now in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of PC6 acupoint stimulation with or without antiemetic drug versus sham or antiemetic drug for the prevention of PONV in people undergoing surgery...
November 2, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26255456/the-influence-of-intravenous-ondansetron-on-maternal-blood-haemodynamics-after-spinal-anaesthesia-for-caesarean-section-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Andrzej Marciniak, Radosław Owczuk, Maria Wujtewicz, Krzysztof Preis, K Majdyło
OBJECTIVE: verification of a hypothesis assuming that 5-HT3 receptor blockade by intravenous administration of ondansetron reduces the incidence of hypotension and bradycardia in patients undergoing spinal anaesthesia for Caesarean section. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study design was approved by the Bioethics Committee and included 72 patients undergoing elective Caesarean section, randomly assigned to ondansetron group (group 0) or placebo group (group P). Finally group 0 encompassed 35 patients administered ondansetron 8 mg i...
June 2015: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25971957/prophylactic-administration-of-ondansetron-in-prevention-of-intrathecal-morphine-induced-pruritus-and-post-operative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-undergoing-caesarean-section
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ram Bhakta Koju, Bandana Sharma Gurung, Yashad Dongol
BACKGROUND: Intrathecal morphine is commonly used for post caesarean analgesia. However, their use is frequently associated with the incidence of troublesome side effects such as nausea, vomiting and pruritus. Various mechanisms have been postulated for the opioid-induced pruritus, with a variety of medications with different mechanisms of actions formulated for the prevention and treatment. But, the results are inconsistent and hence the prevention and treatment of opioid-induced pruritus still remains a challenge...
February 17, 2015: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25358225/efficacy-of-ondansetron-alone-and-ondansetron-plus-dexamethasone-in-preventing-nausea-and-vomiting-after-middle-ear-surgery
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Fazal Wadood, Raza Muhammad, Mohammad Jamil, Waqar Un Nisa
BACKGROUND: Post-operative nausea and vomiting is one of the most frequently occurring side effects affecting one third of the cases. Objective of the study was to compare the efficacy of ondansetron alone and ondansetron plus dexamethasone in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting after middle ear surgery. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted at the Anaesthesia and ENT departments of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad from January-June 2012...
January 2014: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25220555/ondansetron-attenuates-the-decrease-in-blood-pressure-due-to-spinal-anesthesia-in-the-elderly-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#11
R Owczuk, W Wenski, P Twardowski, A Dylczyk-Sommer, W Sawicka, M A Wujtewicz, A Marciniak, A Polak-Krzemińska, T Jasiński, M Wujtewicz
BACKGROUND: Ondansetron was effectively used to prevent spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension in the general population and women anesthetised for cesarean section. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that blocking type 3 serotonin receptors with intravenous ondansetron administration reduces hypotension and bradycardia induced by spinal anesthesia in elderly patients. METHODS: Fifty-three patients participated in the study with 26 in the ondansetron group (received 8 mg intravenous ondansetron) and 27 in the placebo group (received 0...
June 2015: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25055492/-role-of-migraine-history-in-the-development-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-undergoing-general-and-combined-general-epidural-anesthesia
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
V E Khoronenko, D S Baskakov
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To assess the role of migraine history in the development of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients undergoing general and combined general-epidural anaesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 127 women with oncogynecological pathology were randomized into 3 groups according to anaesthesia method. Patients of the group C (comparative group; n = 43; 18 with migraine) received general anaesthesia. Patients of the Group CA (n = 40; 19 with migraine) received combined general-epidural anaesthesia...
March 2014: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24974075/prevention-versus-treatment-of-intrathecal-morphine-induced-pruritus-with-ondansetron
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A T Kung, X Yang, Y Li, A Vasudevan, S Pratt, P Hess
BACKGROUND: Intrathecal morphine is used for post-cesarean analgesia, but pruritus is a common side effect. Ondansetron would be an attractive treatment because it prevents nausea, is non-sedative or has no anti-analgesic effect. We undertook a study to assess the efficacy of ondansetron for treatment or prophylaxis of intrathecal morphine-induced pruritus. METHODS: Healthy paturients undergoing cesarean delivery with intrathecal morphine 250μg and fentanyl 25μg were randomized to receive: prophylaxis (ondansetron 8mg at cord clamping, normal saline 4mL for treatment of pruritus in the post-anaesthesia care unit); treatment (normal saline 4mL at cord clamping, ondansetron 8mg as required in the post-anesthesia care unit) or control (normal saline 4mL in both)...
August 2014: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24631057/the-effect-of-intravenous-ondansetron-on-maternal-haemodynamics-during-elective-caesarean-delivery-under-spinal-anaesthesia-a-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J R Ortiz-Gómez, F J Palacio-Abizanda, F Morillas-Ramirez, I Fornet-Ruiz, A Lorenzo-Jiménez, M L Bermejo-Albares
BACKGROUND: Spinal anaesthesia for caesarean delivery is frequently associated with adverse effects such as maternal hypotension and bradycardia. Prophylactic administration of ondansetron has been reported to provide a protective effect. We studied the effect of different doses of ondansetron in obstetric patients. METHODS: This prospective double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled study included 128 healthy pregnant women scheduled for elective caesarean delivery under spinal anaesthesia...
May 2014: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24629922/low-doses-of-haloperidol-combined-with-ondansetron-are-not-effective-for-prophylaxis-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-susceptible-patients
#15
Leonor Veiga-Gil, Luis López-Olaondo, Javier Pueyo, Raquel Callejas, Paula Duque, Francisco Carrascosa
BACKGROUND: In this observational study we reviewed the efficacy and side effects of different antiemetic combinations used in our hospital for postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) prophylaxis in high-risk women undergoing highly emetogenic surgery. METHODS: After reviewing retrospectively the medical records of patients undergoing highly emetogenic elective surgeries under general anaesthesia, we selected 368 women whose Apfel risk score was ≥ 3 and receiving a combination of 2 antiemetics for PONV prophylaxis...
February 2015: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24533393/randomized-double-blind-comparative-study-comparing-efficacy-of-granisetron-and-ondansetron-for-the-prophylactic-control-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-undergoing-middle-ear-surgery
#16
Naresh Dua, Nitin Sethi, Jayashree Sood, Pradeep Jain
The objective is to evaluate the prophylactic profile, efficacy of granisetron and ondansetron to prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) after middle ear surgery. In a randomized, double blind trial, one hundred patients undergoing middle ear surgery received either granisetron 1 mg or ondansetron 8 mg in equal volume (n = 50 for each) intravenously towards the end of surgery and before reversal of anaesthesia. A standard general anaesthetic technique was employed. Postoperatively, during the first 24 h after anaesthesia, the incidence of PONV, recovery score, time to first feeding, willingness to have the same prophylactic antiemetic drug in future and adverse events were recorded...
January 2014: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24497743/the-efficacy-of-ginger-added-to-ondansetron-for-preventing-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-ambulatory-surgery
#17
Pragnadyuti Mandal, Anjan Das, Saikat Majumdar, Tapas Bhattacharyya, Tapobrata Mitra, Ratul Kundu
BACKGROUND: Post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) frequently hampers implementation of ambulatory surgery in spite of so many costly antiemetic drugs and regimens. OBJECTIVE: The study was carried out to compare the efficacy of ginger (Zingiber officinale) added to Ondansetron in preventing PONV after ambulatory surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a prospective, double blinded, and randomized controlled study. From March 2008 to July 2010, 100 adult patients of either sex, aged 20-45, of ASA physical status I and II, scheduled for day care surgery, were randomly allocated into Group A[(n = 50) receiving (IV) Ondansetron (4 mg) and two capsules of placebo] and Group B[(n = 50) receiving IV Ondansetron (4 mg) and two capsules of ginger] simultaneously one hour prior to induction of general anaesthesia (GA) in a double-blind manner...
January 2014: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24235952/antiemetic-effects-of-dexamethasone-and-ondansetron-combination-during-cesarean-sections-under-spinal-anaesthesia
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A Demirhan, Y U Tekelioglu, A Akkaya, T Ozlu, I Yildiz, H Bayir, H Kocoglu, B Duran
BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting are frequently seen in patients undergoing cesarean section (CS) under regional anesthesia. We aimed to compare the antiemetic efficacy of ondansetron and dexamethasone combination with that of the use of each agent alone to decrease the incidence of post-delivery intraoperative nausea and vomiting (IONV) during CS under spinal anesthesia. OBJECTIVE: To compare the antiemetic efficacy of ondansetron and dexamethasone combination with that of the single use of each agent to decrease the incidence of postdelivery IONV during CS under spinal anesthesia...
June 2013: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24193238/the-effect-of-ondansetron-on-postoperative-delirium-and-cognitive-function-in-aged-orthopedic-patients
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
G Papadopoulos, M Pouangare, G Papathanakos, E Arnaoutoglou, A Petrou, P Tzimas
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium and cognitive dysfunction are common in hospitalized patients. The aim of this study was to investigate whether postoperative ondansetron administration has a favorable effect on postoperative delirium and 30th day cognitive function and pain in patients undergoing surgery with general anaesthesia due to femoral or hip fracture. METHODS: A hundred and six patients aged >40 years old scheduled for a femoral or hip fracture rehabilitation surgery, were randomized on a double-blind protocol to receive postoperatively 4 ml of either ondansetron 8 mg (Group A) or placebo (Group B) daily i...
April 2014: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23833854/spinal-anaesthesia-for-pelvic-surgery-low-concentrations-of-lignocaine-and-bupivacaine-are-effective-with-less-adverse-events
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jyotsna Punj, R M Khan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of 5% lignocaine, 2.5% lignocaine, 0.5% bupivacaine and 0.25% bupivacaine in subarachnoid block for pelvic surgeries. METHODS: 80 adult ASA grades I and II patients of either sex between the ages of 18-60 yrs, undergoing routine pelvic surgery of short duration were included in this prospective, randomized double blind study. Patients were allotted by computer generated random number table into 4 groups of 20 patients each...
February 2013: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
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