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autophage myocardial infarction

Qunjun Duan, Weijun Yang, Daming Jiang, Kaiyu Tao, Aiqiang Dong, Haifeng Cheng
Myocardial infarction could result in high morbidity and mortality and heart diseases of children have becoming prevalent. Functions of spermine administration on cardiomyocytes remain unknown. The present study was designed to investigate the role of spermine pretreatment on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). A cell model of simulated ischemia/reperfusion injury was established by incubating neonatal Sprague-Dawley rat cardiomyocytes in ischemia medium and re-cultured in normal medium. Of note, spermine pretreatment significantly reduced apoptosis and increased viability of immature cardiomyocytes...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Shashi Kumar Gupta, Ariana Foinquinos, Sabrina Thum, Janet Remke, Karina Zimmer, Christophe Bauters, Pascal de Groote, Reinier A Boon, Leon J de Windt, Sebastian Preissl, Lutz Hein, Sandor Batkai, Florence Pinet, Thomas Thum
BACKGROUND: Aging populations show higher incidences of myocardial infarction (MI) and heart failure (HF). Cardiac remodeling post-MI leads to progressive impaired cardiac function caused by a disarray of several processes including derailed autophagy. Microribonucleic acids (miRNAs) are known to be key players in cardiovascular disease but their involvement in cardiac autophagy and aging is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify new miRNA candidates that regulate cardiac autophagy and aging...
October 4, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Jiahe Xie, Kai Cui, Huixin Hao, Yingxue Zhang, Hairuo Lin, Zhenhuan Chen, Xiaobo Huang, Shiping Cao, Wangjun Liao, Jianping Bin, Masafumi Kitakaze, Yulin Liao
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is closely associated with LV hypertrophy or diabetes, as well as insufficient autophagic flux. Acute or chronic hyperglycemia is a prognostic factor for patients with myocardial infarction. However, the effect of acute hyperglycemia on LV dysfunction of the hypertrophic heart and the mechanisms involved are still unclear. This study aimed to confirm our hypothesis that either acute or chronic hyperglycemia suppresses LV diastolic function and autophagic flux...
2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Yuanna Ling, Guiming Chen, Yi Deng, Huixiong Tang, Long Ling, Xiaoming Zhou, Xudong Song, Pingzhen Yang, Yingfeng Liu, Zhiliang Li, Cong Zhao, Yufei Yang, Xianbao Wang, Masafumi Kitakaze, Yulin Liao, Aihua Chen
Polydatin (PD), a resveratrol (RES) glycoside, has a stronger antioxidative effect than RES. It is known that RES is an autophagic enhancer and exerts a cardioprotective effect against ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, the effect of PD post-treatment on myocardial I/R injury remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the influences of PD post-treatment on myocardial I/R injury and autophagy. C57BL/6 mice underwent left coronary artery (LCA) occlusion and cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCs) subjected to hypoxia were treated with vehicle or PD during reperfusion or re-oxygenation...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Science (1979-)
Feifei Xuan, Jie Jian
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a polyphenol derived from green tea, exhibits a wide range of biological activities, including antioxidant, atherosclerosis and antitumor activities. In this study, the cardioprotective effects of EGCG on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats and the underlying mechanisms were investigated. A rat model of I/R injury was established by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min, followed by reperfusion for 2 h. The levels of I/R-induced creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and the release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), as well as the infarct size, cardiomyocyte apoptosis and cardiac functional impairment were examined and compared...
July 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Allen M Andres, Joel A Kooren, Sarah J Parker, Kyle C Tucker, Nandini Ravindran, Bruce R Ito, Chengqun Huang, Vidya Venkatraman, Jennifer E Van Eyk, Roberta A Gottlieb, Robert M Mentzer
Autophagy is regulated by nutrient and energy status and plays an adaptive role during nutrient deprivation and ischemic stress. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a hypernutritive state characterized by obesity, dyslipidemia, elevated fasting blood glucose levels, and insulin resistance. It has also been associated with impaired autophagic flux and larger-sized infarcts. We hypothesized that diet-induced obesity (DIO) affects nutrient sensing, explaining the observed cardiac impaired autophagy. We subjected male friend virus B NIH (FVBN) mice to a high-fat diet, which resulted in increased weight gain, fat deposition, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, and larger infarcts after myocardial ischemia-reperfusion...
July 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Qiying Chen, Yue Zhou, A Mark Richards, Peipei Wang
Timely reperfusion in acute myocardial infarction has improved clinical outcomes but the benefits are partially offset by ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/R). MiRNA regulates mRNA of multiple effectors within injury and survival cell signaling pathways. We have previously reported the protective effects of miRNA-221 in I/R injury. The purpose of this study was to explore the mechanisms underlying cardioprotection of miR-221. Myoblast H9c2 and neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVM) were subjected to 0.2% O2 hypoxia followed by 2 h of re-oxygenation (H/R)...
May 20, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yingli Mo, Lu Tang, Yi Ma, Saizhu Wu
This article investigated the effects of pramipexole on myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury and its underlying mechanisms. We utilized an in vivo mouse model of myocardial I/R injury and an in vitro H9c2 cell model of hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury. Pramipexole pretreatment in male C57BL/6 mice significantly reduced the myocardial infarction size, decreased the CK and LDH activities at the serum level and enhanced autophagy. In the in vitro study, the pramipexole treatment significantly elevated the survival rate, decreased the LDH activity, reduced ROS generation and restored the ΔΨm in H9C2 cells during H/R...
May 13, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yan Yang, Yingying Li, Xiao Chen, Xiang Cheng, Yuhua Liao, Xian Yu
UNLABELLED: Recent studies have indicated a protective role of physiological autophagy in ischemic heart disease. However, the underlying mechanisms of autophagy regulation after ischemia are poorly understood. Exosomes are nano-sized vesicles released from cells that play critical roles in mediating cell-to-cell communication through the transfer of microRNAs. In this study, we observed that miR-30a was highly enriched in exosomes from the serum of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients in vivo and culture medium of cardiomyocytes after hypoxic stimulation in vitro...
June 2016: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
Jianqiang Hu, Wanrong Man, Min Shen, Mingming Zhang, Jie Lin, Tingting Wang, Yu Duan, Congye Li, Rongqing Zhang, Erhe Gao, Haichang Wang, Dongdong Sun
Myocardial infarction (MI), which is characterized by chamber dilation and LV dysfunction, is associated with substantially higher mortality. We investigated the effects and underlying mechanisms of Luteolin on post-infarction cardiac dysfunction. Myocardial infarction was constructed by left anterior descending coronary artery ligation. In vitro, cultured neonatal cardiomyocytes subjected to simulated MI were used to probe mechanism. Luteolin significantly improved cardiac function, decreased cardiac enzyme and inflammatory cytokines release after MI...
January 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Jianfang Cao, Hong Xie, Ying Sun, Jiang Zhu, Ming Ying, Shigang Qiao, Qin Shao, Haorong Wu, Chen Wang
The protective effects of sevoflurane post-conditioning against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury (MIRI) have been previously reported. However, the mechanisms responsible for these protective effects remain elusive. In this study, in order to investigate the molecular mechanisms responsible for the protective effects of sevoflurane post-conditioning on isolated rat hearts subjected to MIRI, Sprague-Dawley rat hearts were randomly divided into the following 6 groups: i) the sham-operated control; ii) 2...
December 2015: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Xixian Li, Zhi Zeng, Qingman Li, Qiulin Xu, Jiahe Xie, Huixin Hao, Guangjin Luo, Wangjun Liao, Jianping Bin, Xiaobo Huang, Yulin Liao
MiR-497 is predicted to target anti-apoptosis gene Bcl2 and autophagy gene microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 B (LC3B), but the functional consequence of miR-497 in response to anoxia/reoxygenation (AR) or ischemia/reperfusion (IR) remains unknown. This study was designed to investigate the influences of miR-497 on myocardial AR or IR injury. We noted that miR-497 was enriched in cardiac tissues, while its expression was dynamically changed in murine hearts subjected to myocardial infarction and in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCs) subjected to AR...
August 7, 2015: Oncotarget
Peng Yu, Jing Zhang, Shuchun Yu, Zhenzhong Luo, Fuzhou Hua, Linhui Yuan, Zhidong Zhou, Qin Liu, Xiaohong Du, Sisi Chen, Lieliang Zhang, Guohai Xu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Myocardial infarction leads to heart failure. Autophagy is excessively activated in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in rats. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the protection of sevoflurane postconditioning (SPC) in myocardial I/R is through restored impaired autophagic flux. METHODS: Except for the sham control (SHAM) group, each rat underwent 30 min occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary (LAD) followed by 2 h reperfusion...
2015: PloS One
Hiromichi Murase, Atsushi Kuno, Takayuki Miki, Masaya Tanno, Toshiyuki Yano, Hidemichi Kouzu, Satoko Ishikawa, Toshiyuki Tobisawa, Makoto Ogasawara, Keitaro Nishizawa, Tetsuji Miura
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) worsens the outcome after myocardial infarction (MI). Here, we hypothesized that inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) improves survival after MI in T2DM by modifying autophagy in the non-infarcted region of the heart. METHODS AND RESULTS: Under baseline conditions, there was no significant difference between levels of myocardial autophagy marker proteins in OLETF, a rat model of T2DM, and in LETO, a non-diabetic control...
2015: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Buin Adams, Rudo F Mapanga, M Faadiel Essop
BACKGROUND: Acute hyperglycemia co-presenting with myocardial infarction (in diabetic and non-diabetic individuals) is often associated with a poor prognosis. Although acute hyperglycemia induces oxidative stress that can lead to dysregulation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS), it is unclear whether increased/decreased UPS is detrimental with ischemia-reperfusion under such conditions. As our earlier data implicated the UPS in cardiac damage, we hypothesized that its inhibition results in cardioprotection with ischemia-reperfusion performed under conditions that simulate acute hyperglycemia...
2015: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Kun Wang, Cui-Yun Liu, Lu-Yu Zhou, Jian-Xun Wang, Man Wang, Bing Zhao, Wen-Ke Zhao, Shi-Jun Xu, Li-Hua Fan, Xiao-Jie Zhang, Chang Feng, Chao-Qun Wang, Yan-Fang Zhao, Pei-Feng Li
The abnormal autophagy is associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as new factors in gene regulation, but how lncRNAs operate in the regulation of autophagy in the heart is unclear. Here we report that a long noncoding RNA, named autophagy promoting factor (APF), can regulate autophagic cell death by targeting miR-188-3p and ATG7. The results show that miR-188-3p suppresses autophagy and myocardial infarction by targeting ATG7. Further, we find that APF lncRNA regulates miR-188-3p, and thus affects ATG7 expression, autophagic cell death and myocardial infarction...
2015: Nature Communications
Liang Guo, Jun-Mei Xu, Xiao-Ye Mo
Ischemic postconditioning (IPostC) is a promising protective mechanism for combating reperfusion injury. However, the role of autophagy in the protective effects of IPostC and the associated signaling pathways have remained to be elucidated. Male Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to 30 min ischemia and 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h of reperfusion, with or without IPostC treatment. Autophagic flux was evaluated by detecting mRNA and protein expression levels of microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 and p62...
July 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
S Ghavami, R H Cunnington, S Gupta, B Yeganeh, K L Filomeno, D H Freed, S Chen, T Klonisch, A J Halayko, E Ambrose, R Singal, I M C Dixon
Transforming growth factor-β(1) (TGF-β(1)) is an important regulator of fibrogenesis in heart disease. In many other cellular systems, TGF-β(1) may also induce autophagy, but a link between its fibrogenic and autophagic effects is unknown. Thus we tested whether or not TGF-β(1)-induced autophagy has a regulatory function on fibrosis in human atrial myofibroblasts (hATMyofbs). Primary hATMyofbs were treated with TGF-β(1) to assess for fibrogenic and autophagic responses. Using immunoblotting, immunofluorescence and transmission electron microscopic analyses, we found that TGF-β(1) promoted collagen type Iα2 and fibronectin synthesis in hATMyofbs and that this was paralleled by an increase in autophagic activation in these cells...
2015: Cell Death & Disease
Hong Xie, Qingrong Xu, Jia Jia, Guizhen Ao, Ying Sun, Lifang Hu, Nabil J Alkayed, Chen Wang, Jian Cheng
How hydrogen sulfide (H2S) protects against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is poorly understood. By using a slow-releasing H2S donor, we investigated if H2S protected against myocardial I/R injury by activating AMPK and restoring I/R-impaired autophagic flux. Male rats received anterior descending coronary artery occlusion followed by reperfusion. The H2S donor ADT and/or the AMPK inhibitor, compound C (CC), were administered after occlusion. Infarction was analyzed histologically. AMPK activation was assessed in the ischemic heart by analyzing phosphorylation of AMPK and S6 ribosomal protein...
March 13, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Lauren Haar, Xiaoping Ren, Yong Liu, Sheryl E Koch, Jillian Goines, Michael Tranter, Melinda A Engevik, Michelle Nieman, Jack Rubinstein, W Keith Jones
Previous studies have demonstrated improvement of cardiac function occurs with acute consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD) after myocardial infarction (MI). However, no data exist addressing the effects of acute HFD upon the extent of injury after MI. This study investigates the hypothesis that short-term HFD, prior to infarction, protects the heart against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury through NF-κB-dependent regulation of cell death pathways in the heart. Data show that an acute HFD initiates cardioprotection against MI (>50% reduction in infarct size normalized to risk region) after 24 h to 2 wk of HFD, but protection is completely absent after 6 wk of HFD, when mice are reported to develop pathophysiology related to the diet...
December 15, 2014: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
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