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Zebrafish brain development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110609/bmp3-is-required-for-integrity-of-blood-brain-barrier-by-promoting-pericyte-coverage-in-zebrafish-embryos
#1
D Lei, X Jin, L Wen, H Dai, Z Ye, G Wang
BACKGROUND: The compromise of blood brain barrier (BBB) integrity is often associated with human hemorrhage stroke and neurodegeneration diseases, including retina diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. Brain pericytes play pivotal roles in regulation and maintenance of BBB integrity. However, the mechanisms underlying brain pericyte development to establish BBB integrity remain unclear. METHODS: zebrafish transgenic lines Tg(flk1:GFP; gata1:dsRed), Tg(flk1:GFP), Tg(fli1:GFP) and Tg(BRE:GFP) were used in this work...
November 5, 2017: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107546/life-long-neurogenic-activity-of-individual-neural-stem-cells-and-continuous-growth-establish-an-outside-in-architecture-in-the-teleost-pallium
#2
Giacomo Furlan, Valentina Cuccioli, Nelly Vuillemin, Lara Dirian, Anna Janue Muntasell, Marion Coolen, Nicolas Dray, Sébastien Bedu, Corinne Houart, Emmanuel Beaurepaire, Isabelle Foucher, Laure Bally-Cuif
Spatiotemporal variations of neurogenesis are thought to account for the evolution of brain shape. In the dorsal telencephalon (pallium) of vertebrates, it remains unresolved which ancestral neurogenesis mode prefigures the highly divergent cytoarchitectures that are seen in extant species. To gain insight into this question, we developed genetic tools to generate here the first 4-dimensional (3D + birthdating time) map of pallium construction in the adult teleost zebrafish. Using a Tet-On-based genetic birthdating strategy, we identify a "sequential stacking" construction mode where neurons derived from the zebrafish pallial germinal zone arrange in outside-in, age-related layers from a central core generated during embryogenesis...
November 6, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107475/development-and-connectivity-of-the-habenular-nuclei
#3
REVIEW
Sara Roberson, Marnie E Halpern
Accumulating evidence has reinforced that the habenular region of the vertebrate dorsal forebrain is an essential integrating center, and a region strongly implicated in neurological disorders and addiction. Despite the important and diverse neuromodulatory roles the habenular nuclei play, their development has been understudied. The emphasis of this review is on the dorsal habenular nuclei of zebrafish, homologous to the medial nuclei of mammals, as recent work has revealed new information about the signaling pathways that regulate their formation...
October 26, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105298/prenatal-cocaine-exposure-disrupts-the-dopaminergic-system-and-its-postnatal-responses-to-cocaine
#4
Elizabeth Riley, Valerie Maymi, Stephanie Pawlyszyn, Yu Lili, Irina V Zhdanova
Impaired attention is the hallmark consequence of prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE), affecting brain development, learning, memory and social adaptation starting at an early age. To date, little is known about the brain structures and neurochemical processes involved in this effect. Through focusing on the visual system and employing zebrafish as a model, we show that PCE reduces expression of dopamine receptor Drd1, with levels reduced in the optic tectum and other brain regions, except the telencephalon. Organism-wide, PCE results in a 1...
November 3, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103613/ancestral-circuits-for-the-coordinated-modulation-of-brain-state
#5
Matthew Lovett-Barron, Aaron S Andalman, William E Allen, Sam Vesuna, Isaac Kauvar, Vanessa M Burns, Karl Deisseroth
Internal states of the brain profoundly influence behavior. Fluctuating states such as alertness can be governed by neuromodulation, but the underlying mechanisms and cell types involved are not fully understood. We developed a method to globally screen for cell types involved in behavior by integrating brain-wide activity imaging with high-content molecular phenotyping and volume registration at cellular resolution. We used this method (MultiMAP) to record from 22 neuromodulatory cell types in behaving zebrafish during a reaction-time task that reports alertness...
October 31, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101052/cluster-analysis-profiling-of-behaviors-in-zebrafish-larvae-treated-with-antidepressants-and-pesticides
#6
Holly Richendrfer, Robbert Creton
Antidepressants are used by a substantial number of women in their childbearing years. Treatment may continue during pregnancy, since untreated depression poses a risk to the mother and child. However, many antidepressants readily pass through the placental barrier to reach the fetus or may be ingested by the newborn via breastmilk. Little is known about the effects of antidepressants on brain development and subsequent behavior in young children. In the current study, we used zebrafish as a model system to examine the neurodevelopmental effects of three commonly prescribed antidepressants, sertraline, duloxetine and bupropion...
October 31, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079199/chd8short-a-naturally-occurring-truncated-form-of-a-chromatin-remodeler-lacking-the-helicase-domain-is-a-potent-transcriptional-coregulator
#7
Gary R Kunkel, Jessica A Tracy, Frank L Jalufka, Arne C Lekven
Chromodomain-Helicase-DNA binding protein 8 (CHD8) is a member of a large family of eukaryotic ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complexes. Loss of function alleles of human chd8 are correlated with autism spectrum disorder. The CHD subfamily members contain a tandem pair of chromodomains that are adjacent to a centrally located Snf2-like helicase domain. An alternatively spliced variant mRNA of CHD8 was identified years ago in mammals that encode a truncated form of the protein, called Duplin, that lacks the helicase domain and everything else in the carboxyl direction...
October 24, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074346/an-embryonic-100%C3%AE-g-l-lead-exposure-results-in-sex-specific-expression-changes-in-genes-associated-with-the-neurological-system-in-female-or-cancer-in-male-adult-zebrafish-brains
#8
Jinyoung Lee, Katharine A Horzmann, Jennifer L Freeman
Developmental lead (Pb) exposure is linked to neurological health issues. Results from non-human primate and rodent studies suggest detrimental effects of an early life Pb exposure, showing transcriptional disturbances and pathological evidence of Alzheimer's disease in the adult animal brain. To elucidate the impacts of an embryonic Pb exposure on the adult brain, transcriptomic analysis was completed on the brain of zebrafish aged 12months exposed to a control treatment or to an embryonic 100μg/L Pb exposure by sex...
October 23, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065151/g-protein-coupled-estrogen-receptor-regulates-embryonic-heart-rate-in-zebrafish
#9
Shannon N Romano, Hailey E Edwards, Jaclyn Paige Souder, Kevin J Ryan, Xiangqin Cui, Daniel A Gorelick
Estrogens act by binding to estrogen receptors alpha and beta (ERα, ERβ), ligand-dependent transcription factors that play crucial roles in sex differentiation, tumor growth and cardiovascular physiology. Estrogens also activate the G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER), however the function of GPER in vivo is less well understood. Here we find that GPER is required for normal heart rate in zebrafish embryos. Acute exposure to estrogens increased heart rate in wildtype and in ERα and ERβ mutant embryos but not in GPER mutants...
October 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062283/pth-reloaded-a-new-evolutionary-perspective
#10
REVIEW
Paula Suarez-Bregua, Laura Cal, Cristian Cañestro, Josep Rotllant
The parathyroid hormone (PTH) family is a group of structurally-related secreted peptides involved in bone mineral homeostasis and multitude of developmental processes in vertebrates. These peptides mediate actions through PTH receptors (PTHRs), which belong to the transmembrane G protein-coupled receptor group. To date, genes encoding for PTH and PTHR have only been identified in chordates, suggesting that this signaling pathway may be an evolutionary innovation of our phylum. In vertebrates, we found up to six PTH and three PTHR different paralogs, varying in number between mammals and teleost fishes due to the different rounds of whole-genome duplication and specific gene losses suffered between the two groups of animals...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059875/a-novel-non-rigid-registration-algorithm-for-zebrafish-larval-images
#11
Sayan Ghosal, Soumava Banerjee, Natascia Tiso, Enrico Grisan, Ananda S Chowdhury
Precise three-dimensional mapping of a large number of gene expression patterns, neuronal types and connections to an anatomical reference helps us to understand the vertebrate brain and its development. Zebrafish has evolved as a model organism for such study. In this paper, we propose a novel non-rigid registration algorithm for volumetric zebrafish larval image datasets. A coarse affine registration using the L-BFGS algorithm is applied first on the moving dataset. We then divide this coarsely registered moving image and the reference image into a union of overlapping patches...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039926/zebrafish-a-visual-model-to-evaluate-the-biofate-of-transferrin-receptor-targeted-7peptide-decorated-coumarin-6-micelles
#12
Ye Li, Xiaoning Song, Xiang Yi, Ruibing Wang, Simon Ming-Yuen Lee, Xueqing Wang, Ying Zheng
In the present study, the zebrafish was explored as an in vivo model to assess the biofate of transferrin receptor (TfR)-targeted coumarin 6 (C6) micelles across various biological barriers. Three 7peptide (7pep)-decorated poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(ε-caprolactone) micelles loaded with fluorescence coumarin 6 (7pep-M-C6) with different ligand densities were constructed with particle sizes between 30 and 40 nm. Whole-mount immunostaining revealed that the expression level of TfR in the retina, brain, and intestine increased along with development stage...
November 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037991/vegfa-signaling-regulates-diverse-artery-vein-formation-in-vertebrate-vasculatures
#13
Daqing Jin, Diqi Zhu, Yabo Fang, Yiwei Chen, Gaihong Yu, Weijun Pan, Dong Liu, Fen Li, Tao P Zhong
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (Vegfa) signaling regulates vascular development during embryogenesis and organ formation. However, the signaling mechanisms that govern the formation of various arteries/veins in various tissues are incompletely understood. In this study, we utilized transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN) to generate zebrafish vegfaa mutants. vegfaa(-/-) embryos are embryonic lethal, and display a complete loss of the dorsal aorta (DA) and expansion of the cardinal vein...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024898/maternal-and-embryonic-exposure-to-the-water-soluble-fraction-of-crude-oil-or-lead-induces-behavioral-abnormalities-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio-and-the-mechanisms-involved
#14
Yuanchuan Wang, Chao Shen, Chonggang Wang, Yixi Zhou, Dongxu Gao, Zhenghong Zuo
The water-soluble fraction (WSF) of crude oil plays an important role in the toxicity of crude oil in aquatic environments. Heavy metals, such as lead (Pb) are also important environmental contaminants, which can reach aquatic systems via the effluents of industrial, urban and mining sources. In the present study, we investigated whether maternal and embryonic exposure to the WSF (5, 50 μg/L) or Pb (10, 100 μg/L) could induce behavioral abnormalities in zebrafish. Our results showed that maternal and embryonic exposure to the WSF (5, 50 μg/L) and Pb (10, 100 μg/L) induced swimming activity alterations in larval and juvenile zebrafish...
September 26, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024578/morpho-functional-features-of-the-gonads-of-danio-rerio-the-role-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor
#15
Pietro Cacialli, Livia D'Angelo, Paolo de Girolamo, Luigi Avallone, Carla Lucini, Elisabeth Pellegrini, Luciana Castaldo
Zebrafish, a suitable and widely used teleost fish model in basic biomedical research, displays morphophysiological features of adult gonads that share some commonalities with those of mammalian species. In mammals, gametogenesis is regulated, among several factors, by brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). This neurotrophin has a well-established role in the developing and adult nervous system, as well as gonads development and functions in vertebrate species. We hypothesize that BDNF has a role also in the gonadal functions of zebrafish...
October 12, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021554/human-tau-p301l-overexpression-results-in-tau-hyperphosphorylation-without-neurofibrillary-tangles-in-adult-zebrafish-brain
#16
Mehmet I Cosacak, Prabesh Bhattarai, Ledio Bocova, Tim Dzewas, Violeta Mashkaryan, Christos Papadimitriou, Kerstin Brandt, Heike Hollak, Christopher L Antos, Caghan Kizil
Microtubule-associated TAU protein is a pathological hallmark in Alzheimer's disease (AD), where hyperphosphorylation of TAU generates neurofibrillary tangles. To investigate the effects of TAU in a regenerative adult vertebrate brain system, we generated a cre/lox-based transgenic model of zebrafish that chronically expresses human TAU(P301L), which is a variant of human TAU protein that forms neurofibrillary tangles in mouse models and humans. Interestingly, we found that although chronic and abundant expression of TAU(P301L) starting from early embryonic development led to hyperphosphorylation, TAU(P301L) did not form oligomers and neurofibrillary tangles, and did not cause elevated apoptosis and microglial activation, which are classical symptoms of tauopathies in mammals...
October 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019661/venlafaxine-in-embryos-stimulates-neurogenesis-and-disrupts-larval-behavior-in-zebrafish
#17
William A Thompson, Victoria I Arnold, Mathilakath M Vijayan
Venlafaxine, a widely prescribed antidepressant, is a selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor in humans, and this drug is prevalent in municipal wastewater effluents. While studies have shown that this drug affects juvenile fish behavior, little is known about the developmental impact on nontarget aquatic animals. We tested the hypothesis that venlafaxine deposition in the egg, mimicking maternal transfer of this antidepressant, disrupts developmental programming using zebrafish (Danio rerio) as a model...
November 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987462/the-developing-utility-of-zebrafish-models-of-neurological-and-neuropsychiatric-disorders-a-critical-review
#18
REVIEW
Barbara D Fontana, Nathana J Mezzomo, Allan V Kalueff, Denis B Rosemberg
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) have become a powerful tool in neuroscience research due to their genetic tractability, molecular/physiological conservation, small body size, ease of experimental manipulations in vivo, and rich behavioral repertoire. Zebrafish models and tests are particularly useful in genetics research, neurophenotyping, CNS drug screening, as well as in modeling complex neurological and psychiatric disorders. Here, we discuss selected examples of successful application of zebrafish models to mimicking various aspects of brain pathology, and emphasize their developing utility for studying the underlying molecular and genetic mechanisms...
October 5, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973690/early-life-exposure-to-low-levels-of-ahr-agonist-pcb126-3-3-4-4-5-pentachlorobiphenyl-reprograms-gene-expression-in-adult-brain
#19
Neelakanteswar Aluru, Sibel I Karchner, Lilah Glazer
Early life exposure to environmental chemicals can have long-term consequences that are not always apparent until later in life. We recently demonstrated that developmental exposure of zebrafish to low, non-embryotoxic levels of 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB126) did not affect larval behavior, but caused changes in adult behavior. The objective of this study was to investigate the underlying molecular basis for adult behavioral phenotypes resulting from early life exposure to PCB126. We exposed zebrafish embryos to PCB126 during early development and measured transcriptional profiles in whole embryos, larvae and adult male brains using RNA-sequencing...
September 9, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966725/praja-is-overexpressed-in-glioblastoma-and-contributes-to-neural-precursor-development
#20
Joshua Shin, Viveka Mishra, Eric Glasgow, Sobia Zaidi, Kazufumi Ohshiro, Bhargava Chitti, Amee A Kapadia, Neha Rana, Lopa Mishra, Chu-Xia Deng, Shuyun Rao, Bibhuti Mishra
PRAJA, a RING-H2 E3 ligase, is abundantly expressed in brain tissues such as the cerebellum and frontal cortex, amongst others, and more specifically in neural progenitor cells as well as in multiple cancers that include glioblastomas. However, the specific role that Praja plays in neural development and gliomas remains unclear. In this investigation, we performed bioinformatic analyses to examine Praja1 and Praja2 expression across 29 cancer types, and observed raised levels of Praja1 and Praja2 in gliomas with an inverse relationship between Praja1 and apoptotic genes and Praja substrates such as Smad3...
July 2017: Genes & Cancer
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