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Zebrafish brain development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919782/understanding-zebrafish-cognition
#1
REVIEW
Darya A Meshalkina, Marina N Kizlyk, Elana V Kysil, Adam D Collier, David J Echevarria, Murilo S Abreu, Leonardo J G Barcellos, Cai Song, Allan V Kalueff
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) are rapidly becoming a popular model organism in translational and cognitive neuroscience research. Both larval and adult zebrafish continue to increase our understanding of cognitive mechanisms and their genetic and pharmacological modulation. Here, we discuss the developing utility of zebrafish in understanding cognitive phenotypes and their deficits, relevant to a wide range human brain disorders. We also discuss the potential of zebrafish models for high-throughput genetic mutant and small molecule screening (e...
December 2, 2016: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899647/spliceosomal-protein-eftud2-mutation-leads-to-p53-dependent-apoptosis-in-zebrafish-neural-progenitors
#2
Lei Lei, Shou-Yu Yan, Ran Yang, Jia-Yu Chen, Yumei Li, Ye Bu, Nannan Chang, Qinchao Zhou, Xiaojun Zhu, Chuan-Yun Li, Jing-Wei Xiong
Haploinsufficiency of EFTUD2 (Elongation Factor Tu GTP Binding Domain Containing 2) is linked to human mandibulofacial dysostosis, Guion-Almeida type (MFDGA), but the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms remain to be addressed. We report here the isolation, cloning and functional analysis of the mutated eftud2 (snu114) in a novel neuronal mutant fn10a in zebrafish. This mutant displayed abnormal brain development with evident neuronal apoptosis while the development of other organs appeared less affected...
November 28, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892483/down-regulation-of-coasy-the-gene-associated-with-nbia-vi-reduces-bmp-signaling-perturbs-dorso-ventral-patterning-and-alters-neuronal-development-in-zebrafish
#3
Deepak Khatri, Daniela Zizioli, Natascia Tiso, Nicola Facchinello, Sara Vezzoli, Alessandra Gianoncelli, Maurizio Memo, Eugenio Monti, Giuseppe Borsani, Dario Finazzi
Mutations in Pantothenate kinase 2 and Coenzyme A (CoA) synthase (COASY), genes involved in CoA biosynthesis, are associated with rare neurodegenerative disorders with brain iron accumulation. We showed that zebrafish pank2 gene plays an essential role in brain and vasculature development. Now we extended our study to coasy. The gene has high level of sequence identity with the human ortholog and is ubiquitously expressed from the earliest stages of development. The abrogation of its expression led to strong reduction of CoA content, high lethality and a phenotype resembling to that of dorsalized mutants...
November 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878267/distribution-pharmacokinetics-and-primary-metabolism-model-of-tramadol-in-zebrafish
#4
Huiqin Zhuo, Hongwei Jin, Huifang Peng, Heqing Huang
The current study aimed to develop a rapid, robust and adequately sensitive method for simultaneous determination of the concentration of tramadol and its active metabolites in zebrafish. The pharmacokinetic and elimination pattern of tramadol and its major phase I metabolites following oral or intramuscular administration in zebrafish tissues was achieved using electrospray ionization‑quadrupole‑time of flight/mass spectrometry (ESI‑Q‑TOF/MS) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC‑MS). Following administration, the metabolisms were detected in the brain, eyes, muscle and gill tissues within 1 h...
November 21, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862951/characterization-and-evolution-of-the-spotted-gar-retina
#5
Joshua M Sukeena, Carlos A Galicia, Jacob D Wilson, Tim McGinn, Janette W Boughman, Barrie D Robison, John H Postlethwait, Ingo Braasch, Deborah L Stenkamp, Peter G Fuerst
In this study, we characterize the retina of the spotted gar, Lepisosteus oculatus, a ray-finned fish. Gar did not undergo the whole genome duplication event that occurred at the base of the teleost fish lineage, which includes the model species zebrafish and medaka. The divergence of gars from the teleost lineage and the availability of a high-quality genome sequence make it a uniquely useful species to understand how genome duplication sculpted features of the teleost visual system, including photoreceptor diversity...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829009/the-morphogenesis-of-cranial-sutures-in-zebrafish
#6
Jolanta M Topczewska, Ramy A Shoela, Joanna P Tomaszewski, Rupa B Mirmira, Arun K Gosain
Using morphological, histological, and TEM analyses of the cranium, we provide a detailed description of bone and suture growth in zebrafish. Based on expression patterns and localization, we identified osteoblasts at different degrees of maturation. Our data confirm that, unlike in humans, zebrafish cranial sutures maintain lifelong patency to sustain skull growth. The cranial vault develops in a coordinated manner resulting in a structure that protects the brain. The zebrafish cranial roof parallels that of higher vertebrates and contains five major bones: one pair of frontal bones, one pair of parietal bones, and the supraoccipital bone...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826026/chitosan-nanoparticles-and-their-tween-80-modified-counterparts-disrupt-the-developmental-profile-of-zebrafish-embryos
#7
Zhongyue Yuan, Ying Li, Yulan Hu, Jian You, Kazuma Higashisaka, Kazuya Nagano, Yasuo Tsutsumi, Jianqing Gao
Chitosan nanoparticles (CS-NPs) and their Tween 80 modified counterparts (TmCS-NPs) are among the most commonly used brain-targeted vehicles. However, their potential developmental toxicity is poorly understood. In this study, zebrafish embryos are introduced as an in vivo platform. Both NPs showed a dose-dependent increase in developmental toxicity (decreased hatching rate, increased mortality and incidences of malformation). Neurobehavioral changes included decreased spontaneous movement in TmCS-NP treated embryos and hyperactive effect in CS-NP treated larvae...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819330/stathmin-like-4-is-critical-for-the-maintenance-of-neural-progenitor-cells-in-dorsal-midbrain-of-zebrafish-larvae
#8
Meng-Ju Lin, Shyh-Jye Lee
A delicate balance between proliferating and differentiating signals is necessary to ensure proper growth and neuronal specification. By studying the developing zebrafish brain, we observed a specific and dynamic expression of a microtubule destabilizer gene, stathmin-like 4 (stmn4), in the dorsal midbrain region. The expression of stmn4 was mutually exclusive to a pan-neuronal marker, elavl3 that indicates its role in regulating neurogenesis. We showed the knockdown or overexpression of stmn4 resulted in premature neuronal differentiation in dorsal midbrain...
November 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811295/spontaneous-alternation-behavior-in-larval-zebrafish
#9
Stefan Yu Bögli, Melody Ying-Yu Huang
Spontaneous alternation behavior (SAB) describes the tendency of animals to alternate their turn direction in consecutive turns. SAB, dissimilar from other mnestic tasks, does not require any prior training or reinforcement. Due to its close correlation to the development and function of hippocampus in mice, it is thought to reflect a type of memory. Adult zebrafish possess a hippocampus-like structure utilizing the same neurotransmitters as in human brains, and have thus been used to study memory. In the current study we established SAB in zebrafish larvae at 6 days post fertilization using a custom made forced-turn maze with a rate of 57%...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807845/microcephaly-intractable-seizures-and-developmental-delay-caused-by-biallelic-variants-in-tbcd-further-delineation-of-a-new-chaperone-mediated-tubulinopathy
#10
Ben Pode-Shakked, Hila Barash, Limor Ziv, Karen W Gripp, Elisabetta Flex, Ortal Barel, Karen S Carvalho, Mena Scavina, Giovanni Chillemi, Marcello Niceta, Eran Eyal, Nitzan Kol, Bruria Ben-Zeev, Omer Bar-Yosef, Dina Marek-Yagel, Enrico Bertini, Angela L Duker, Yair Anikster, Marco Tartaglia, Annick Raas-Rothschild
Microtubule dynamics play a crucial role in neuronal development and function, and several neurodevelopmental disorders have been linked to mutations in genes encoding tubulins and functionally related proteins. Most recently, variants in the tubulin cofactor D (TBCD) gene, which encodes one of the five co-chaperones required for assembly and disassembly of α/β-tubulin heterodimer, were reported to underlie a recessive neurodevelopmental/neurodegenerative disorder. We report on five patients from three unrelated families, who presented with microcephaly, intellectual disability, intractable seizures, optic nerve pallor/atrophy, and cortical atrophy with delayed myelination and thinned corpus callosum on brain imaging...
November 2, 2016: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798562/adaptive-light-sheet-microscopy-for-long-term-high-resolution-imaging-in-living-organisms
#11
Loïc A Royer, William C Lemon, Raghav K Chhetri, Yinan Wan, Michael Coleman, Eugene W Myers, Philipp J Keller
Optimal image quality in light-sheet microscopy requires a perfect overlap between the illuminating light sheet and the focal plane of the detection objective. However, mismatches between the light-sheet and detection planes are common owing to the spatiotemporally varying optical properties of living specimens. Here we present the AutoPilot framework, an automated method for spatiotemporally adaptive imaging that integrates (i) a multi-view light-sheet microscope capable of digitally translating and rotating light-sheet and detection planes in three dimensions and (ii) a computational method that continuously optimizes spatial resolution across the specimen volume in real time...
October 31, 2016: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798195/diet-sourced-carbon-based-nanoparticles-induce-lipid-alterations-in-tissues-of-zebrafish-danio-rerio-with-genomic-hypermethylation-changes-in-brain
#12
Eva Gorrochategui, Junyi Li, Nigel J Fullwood, Guang-Guo Ying, Meiping Tian, Li Cui, Heqing Shen, Sílvia Lacorte, Romà Tauler, Francis L Martin
With rising environmental levels of carbon-based nanoparticles (CBNs), there is an urgent need to develop an understanding of their biological effects in order to generate appropriate risk assessment strategies. Herein, we exposed zebrafish via their diet to one of four different CBNs: C60 fullerene (C60), single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT), short multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) or long MWCNTs. Lipid alterations in male and female zebrafish were explored post-exposure in three target tissues (brain, gonads and gastrointestinal tract) using 'omic' procedures based in liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS) data files...
October 26, 2016: Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795824/loss-of-mgat5a-mediated-n-glycosylation-stimulates-regeneration-in-zebrafish
#13
Wuhong Pei, Sunny C Huang, Lisha Xu, Kade Pettie, María Laura Ceci, Mario Sánchez, Miguel L Allende, Shawn M Burgess
BACKGROUND: We are using genetics to identify genes specifically involved in hearing regeneration. In a large-scale genetic screening, we identified mgat5a, a gene in the N-glycosylation biosynthesis pathway whose activity negatively impacts hair cell regeneration. METHODS: We used a combination of mutant analysis in zebrafish and a hair cell regeneration assay to phenotype the loss of Mgat5a activity in zebrafish. We used pharmacological inhibition of N-glycosylation by swansonine...
2016: Cell Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794274/thyroid-endocrine-disruption-in-male-zebrafish-following-exposure-to-binary-mixture-of-bisphenol-af-and-sulfamethoxazole
#14
Bareum Kwon, Younglim Kho, Pan-Gyi Kim, Kyunghee Ji
Thyroid endocrine disruption by bisphenol AF (BPAF) alone or in combination with sulfamethoxazole (SMX) exposure was evaluated in adult male zebrafish. Changes in thyroid gene transcription were examined using microarrays and were linked to effects on thyroxine hormone production and transcription of genes related to the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis. BPAF alone or in combination with SMX affected genes related to thyroid hormone production and receptor activity, thyroid gland development, and deiodinase activity...
December 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792783/deep-brain-photoreceptor-val-opsin-gene-knockout-using-crispr-cas-affects-chorion-formation-and-embryonic-hatching-in-the-zebrafish
#15
Chong Yee Hang, Shogo Moriya, Satoshi Ogawa, Ishwar S Parhar
Non-rod non-cone photopigments in the eyes and the brain can directly mediate non-visual functions of light in non-mammals. This was supported by our recent findings on vertebrate ancient long (VAL)-opsin photopigments encoded by the val-opsinA (valopa) and val-opsinB (valopb) genes in zebrafish. However, the physiological functions of valop isoforms remain unknown. Here, we generated valop-mutant zebrafish using CRISPR/Cas genome editing, and examined the phenotypes of loss-of-function mutants. F0 mosaic mutations and germline transmission were confirmed via targeted insertions and/or deletions in the valopa or valopb gene in F1 mutants...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787195/structural-determinants-of-adhesion-by-protocadherin-19-and-implications-for-its-role-in-epilepsy
#16
Sharon R Cooper, James D Jontes, Marcos Sotomayor
Non-clustered δ-protocadherins are homophilic cell adhesion molecules essential for the development of the vertebrate nervous system, as several are closely linked to neurodevelopmental disorders. Mutations in protocadherin-19 (PCDH19) result in a female-limited, infant-onset form of epilepsy (PCDH19-FE). Over 100 mutations in PCDH19 have been identified in patients with PCDH19-FE, about half of which are missense mutations in the adhesive extracellular domain. Neither the mechanism of homophilic adhesion by PCDH19, nor the biochemical effects of missense mutations are understood...
October 26, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786616/transmission-electron-microscopic-evaluation-of-neuronal-changes-in-methylmercury-exposed-zebrafish-embryos-danio-rerio
#17
Said A Hassan, Sameh M Farouk, Louise C Abbott
Our work aimed to elucidate the ultrastructural changes associated with brain neurons in wild-type zebrafish embryos exposed to different concentrations of methylmercury. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to one of five concentrations of methylmercury (0 [negative control], 5, 10, 50, and 80 parts per billion) starting at six hours post fertilization (hpf). At 96 hpf, cells in the zebrafish embryo brains were examined using transmission electron microscopy. The developing neurons of the control embryos sowed normal cellular ultrastructure...
November 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783941/mek-inhibitors-reverse-growth-of-embryonal-brain-tumors-derived-from-oligoneural-precursor-cells
#18
Katarzyna Modzelewska, Elena F Boer, Timothy L Mosbruger, Daniel Picard, Daniela Anderson, Rodney R Miles, Mitchell Kroll, William Oslund, Theodore J Pysher, Joshua D Schiffman, Randy Jensen, Cicely A Jette, Annie Huang, Rodney A Stewart
Malignant brain tumors are the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in children. Primitive neuroectodermal tumors of the CNS (CNS-PNETs) are particularly aggressive embryonal tumors of unknown cellular origin. Recent genomic studies have classified CNS-PNETs into molecularly distinct subgroups that promise to improve diagnosis and treatment; however, the lack of cell- or animal-based models for these subgroups prevents testing of rationally designed therapies. Here, we show that a subset of CNS-PNETs co-express oligoneural precursor cell (OPC) markers OLIG2 and SOX10 with coincident activation of the RAS/MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) pathway...
October 25, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779463/a-zebrafish-live-imaging-model-reveals-differential-responses-of-microglia-toward-glioblastoma-cells-in-vivo
#19
Lloyd Hamilton, Katy R Astell, Gergana Velikova, Dirk Sieger
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common and deadliest form of brain cancer. Glioblastomas are infiltrated by a high number of microglia, which promote tumor growth and surrounding tissue invasion. However, it is unclear how microglia and glioma cells physically interact and if there are differences, depending on glioma cell type. Hence, we have developed a novel live imaging assay to study microglia-glioma interactions in vivo in the zebrafish brain. We transplanted well-established human glioblastoma cell lines, U87 and U251, into transgenic zebrafish lines with labelled macrophages/microglia...
December 2016: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764797/aberrant-cerna-mediated-regulation-of-kng1-contributes-to-glioblastoma-induced-angiogenesis
#20
Yuan Ren, Nan Ji, Xixiong Kang, Renzhi Wang, Wenbin Ma, Zhenjun Hu, Xingfeng Liu, Yajie Wang
Glioblastoma is a highly vascularized brain tumor that causes high mortality. Kininogen-1 (KNG1) has demonstrated both tumor suppressor and antiangiogenesis properties in gliobastoma cells. We analyzed the microarray and proteomic profiles of tumor tissues from glioblastoma patients (N = 180), and identified potential RNA regulators of the KNG1. Validation experiments in U87 glioblastoma cells showed that the regulation of KNG1 by CTU1, KIAA1274, and RAX was mediated by miR-138. The siRNA-mediated knockdown of CTU1, KIAA1274, or RAX in U87 cells and immortalized human endothelial cells (iHECs) significantly reduced KNG1 expression (P < 0...
October 14, 2016: Oncotarget
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