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Zebrafish brain development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449119/mutations-in-thap11-cause-an-inborn-error-of-cobalamin-metabolism-and-developmental-abnormalities
#1
Anita M Quintana, Hung-Chun Yu, Alison Brebner, Mihaela Pupavac, Elizabeth A Geiger, Abigail Watson, Victoria L Castro, Warren Cheung, Shu-Huang Chen, David Watkins, Tomi Pastinen, Flemming Skovby, Bruce Appel, David S Rosenblatt, Tamim H Shaikh
CblX (MIM309541) is an X-linked recessive disorder characterized by defects in cobalamin (vitamin B12) metabolism and other developmental defects. Mutations in HCFC1, a transcriptional co-regulator which interacts with multiple transcription factors, have been associated with cblX. HCFC1 regulates cobalamin metabolism via the regulation of MMACHC expression through its interaction with THAP11, a THAP domain-containing transcription factor. The HCFC1/THAP11 complex potentially regulates genes involved in diverse cellular functions including cell cycle, proliferation, and transcription...
April 25, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443032/fatty-acid-binding-protein-11a-is-required-for-brain-vessel-integrity-in-zebrafish
#2
Jie Zhang, Jialing Qi, Shuilong Wu, Lijiao Peng, Yunwei Shi, Jinxian Yang, Zhenhua Yin, Yu Gao, Chengniu Wang, Jie Gong, Haijun Zhang, Jingjing Zhang, Dong Liu
The monolayer of endothelial cells (ECs) lining the intima of all blood vessel wall forms a semipermeable barrier that regulates tissue-fluid homeostasis, transport of nutrients, and migration of blood cells across the barrier. A number of signaling pathways and molecules mediate endothelial permeability, which plays important roles in a variety of the physiological and pathological conditions. Fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) are able to bind various hydrophobic molecules, such as long-chain fatty acids, prostaglandins and eicosanoids...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442991/a-novel-long-non-coding-rna-durga-modulates-dendrite-density-and-expression-of-kalirin-in-zebrafish
#3
Mayuresh A Sarangdhar, Divya Chaubey, Abhishek Bhatt, Monisha Km, Manish Kumar, Shashi Ranjan, Beena Pillai
Kalirin, a key player in axonal development, nerve growth and synaptic re-modeling, is implicated in many pathological conditions like schizophrenia and autism-spectrum disorders. Alternative promoters and splicing lead to functionally distinct isoforms, but the post-transcriptional regulation of Kalirin has not been studied. Here, we report a novel non-coding RNA, which we name durga, arising from the first exon of kalirin a (kalrna) in the antisense orientation in zebrafish. The kalrna and durga transcripts are barely detectable during early development, but steadily increase by 24 hours post-fertilization (hpf) as the brain develops...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439518/diabetes-adult-neurogenesis-and-brain-remodeling-new-insights-from-rodent-and-zebrafish-models
#4
REVIEW
Anne-Claire Dorsemans, David Couret, Anaïs Hoarau, Olivier Meilhac, Christian Lefebvre d'Hellencourt, Nicolas Diotel
The prevalence of diabetes rapidly increased during the last decades in association with important changes in lifestyle. Diabetes and hyperglycemia are well-known for inducing deleterious effects on physiologic processes, increasing for instance cardiovascular diseases, nephropathy, retinopathy and foot ulceration. Interestingly, diabetes also impairs brain morphology and functions such as (1) decreased neurogenesis (proliferation, differentiation and cell survival), (2) decreased brain volumes, (3) increased blood-brain barrier leakage, (4) increased cognitive impairments, as well as (5) increased stroke incidence and worse neurologic outcomes following stroke...
2017: Neurogenesis (Austin, Tex.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438663/acute-effects-of-amitriptyline-on-adult-zebrafish-potential-relevance-to-antidepressant-drug-screening-and-modeling-human-toxidromes
#5
Konstantin A Demin, Tatiana O Kolesnikova, Sergey L Khatsko, Darya M Meshalkina, Evgeniya V Efimova, Yuri Yu Morzherin, Allan V Kalueff
The need to develop novel antidepressants is an emerging problem in biomedicine. An aquatic vertebrate species, the zebrafish (Danio rerio) may serve as a useful in-vivo screen for CNS drugs, and displays high sensitivity to a wide range of antidepressants. Amitriptyline is a commonly used tricyclic antidepressant which acts primarily as a serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor. Here, we characterize drug-induced behavioral and neurochemical responses in adult zebrafish following their acute exposure to amitriptyline...
April 21, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429770/neurons-secrete-mir-132-containing-exosomes-to-regulate-brain-vascular-integrity
#6
Bing Xu, Yu Zhang, Xu-Fei Du, Jia Li, Hua-Xing Zi, Ji-Wen Bu, Yong Yan, Hua Han, Jiu-Lin Du
Vascular integrity helps maintain brain microenvironment homeostasis, which is critical for the normal development and function of the central nervous system. It is known that neural cells can regulate brain vascular integrity. However, due to the high complexity of neurovascular interactions involved, understanding of the neural regulation of brain vascular integrity is still rudimentary. Using intact zebrafish larvae and cultured rodent brain cells, we find that neurons transfer miR-132, a highly conserved and neuron-enriched microRNA, via secreting exosomes to endothelial cells (ECs) to maintain brain vascular integrity...
April 21, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426959/ontogenesis-of-lateralization
#7
REVIEW
Onur Güntürkün, Sebastian Ocklenburg
The brains of humans and other animals are asymmetrically organized, but we still know little about the ontogenetic and neural fundaments of lateralizations. Here, we review the current state of understanding about the role of genetic and non-genetic factors for the development of neural and behavioral asymmetries in vertebrates. At the genetic level, the Nodal signaling cascade is of central importance, but several other genetic pathways have been discovered to also shape the lateralized embryonic brain. Studies in humans identified several relevant genes with mostly small effect sizes but also highlight the extreme importance of non-genetic factors for asymmetry development...
April 19, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426725/dynamic-regulation-of-pin1-expression-and-function-during-zebrafish-development
#8
Maria Solange Ibarra, Carla Borini Etichetti, Carolina Di Benedetto, Germán L Rosano, Ezequiel Margarit, Giannino Del Sal, Marina Mione, Javier Girardini
The prolyl isomerase Pin1 plays a key role in the modulation of proline-directed phosphorylation signaling by inducing local conformational changes in phosphorylated protein substrates. Extensive studies showed different roles for Pin1 in physiological processes and pathological conditions such as cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. However, there are still several unanswered questions regarding its biological role. Notably, despite evidences from cultured cells showing that Pin1 expression and activity may be regulated by different mechanisms, little is known on their relevance in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422959/molecular-regionalization-of-the-developing-amphioxus-neural-tube-challenges-major-partitions-of-the-vertebrate-brain
#9
Beatriz Albuixech-Crespo, Laura López-Blanch, Demian Burguera, Ignacio Maeso, Luisa Sánchez-Arrones, Juan Antonio Moreno-Bravo, Ildiko Somorjai, Juan Pascual-Anaya, Eduardo Puelles, Paola Bovolenta, Jordi Garcia-Fernàndez, Luis Puelles, Manuel Irimia, José Luis Ferran
All vertebrate brains develop following a common Bauplan defined by anteroposterior (AP) and dorsoventral (DV) subdivisions, characterized by largely conserved differential expression of gene markers. However, it is still unclear how this Bauplan originated during evolution. We studied the relative expression of 48 genes with key roles in vertebrate neural patterning in a representative amphioxus embryonic stage. Unlike nonchordates, amphioxus develops its central nervous system (CNS) from a neural plate that is homologous to that of vertebrates, allowing direct topological comparisons...
April 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419104/further-characterisation-of-differences-between-tl-and-ab-zebrafish-danio-rerio-gene-expression-physiology-and-behaviour-at-day-5-of-the-larval-stage
#10
Ruud van den Bos, Wouter Mes, Pietro Galligani, Anthony Heil, Jan Zethof, Gert Flik, Marnix Gorissen
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) have become popular as model organism in research. Many strains are readily available, which not only differ morphologically, but also genetically, physiologically and behaviourally. Here, we focus on the AB and Tupfel long-fin (TL) strain for which we have previously shown that adults differ in baseline hypothalamus-pituitary-interrenal (HPI)-axis activity (AB higher than TL) affecting inhibitory avoidance behaviour (absent in AB). To assess whether strain differences are already present in early life stages, we compared baseline HPI-axis related gene expression as well as cortisol levels, (neuro)development related as well as (innate) immune system related gene expression, and light-dark as well as startle behaviour in larvae 5 days post fertilisation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414113/sept8a-and-sept8b-mrna-expression-in-the-developing-and-adult-zebrafish
#11
Constantin Berger, Frederik Helmprobst, Prisca Chapouton, Christina Lillesaar, Christian Stigloher
Septins are highly conserved GTP-binding proteins involved in numerous cellular processes. Despite a growing awareness of their roles in the cell biology, development and signal transmission in nervous systems, comparably little is known about precise septin expression. Here, we use the well-established model organism zebrafish (Danio rerio) to unravel the expression of sept8a and sept8b, with special focus on the CNS. We performed whole mount RNA in situ hybridization on zebrafish 1-4 dpf in combination with serial sectioning of epon-embedded samples as well as on brain sections of adult zebrafish to obtain precise histological mapping of gene expression...
April 14, 2017: Gene Expression Patterns: GEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407500/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-estrogenic-activity-of-bpa-bpf-and-bps-in-zebrafish-specific-assays
#12
Vincent Le Fol, Selim Aït-Aïssa, Manoj Sonavane, Jean-Marc Porcher, Patrick Balaguer, Jean-Pierre Cravedi, Daniel Zalko, François Brion
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widely used chemical that has been extensively studied as an endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC). Other bisphenols sharing close structural features with BPA, are increasingly being used as alternatives, increasing the need to assess associated hazards to the endocrine system. In the present study, the estrogenic activity of BPA, bisphenol S (BPS) and bisphenol F (BPF) was assessed by using a combination of zebrafish-specific mechanism-based in vitro and in vivo assays. The three bisphenols were found to efficiently transactivate all zebrafish estrogen receptor (zfER) subtypes in zebrafish hepatic reporter cell lines (ZELH-zfERs)...
April 11, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398638/a-functional-screening-of-the-kinome-identifies-the-polo-like-kinase-4-as-a-potential-therapeutic-target-for-malignant-rhabdoid-tumors-and-possibly-other-embryonal-tumors-of-the-brain
#13
Simone Treiger Sredni, Mario Suzuki, Jian-Ping Yang, Jacek Topczewski, Anders W Bailey, Tufan Gokirmak, Jeffrey N Gross, Alexandre de Andrade, Akihide Kondo, David R Piper, Tadanori Tomita
PURPOSE: Malignant rhabdoid tumors (MRTs) are deadly embryonal tumors of the infancy. With poor survival and modest response to available therapies, more effective and less toxic treatments are needed. We hypothesized that a systematic screening of the kinome will reveal kinases that drive rhabdoid tumors and can be targeted by specific inhibitors. METHODS: We individually mutated 160 kinases in a well-characterized rhabdoid tumor cell line (MON) using lentiviral clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9)...
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396290/neuroanatomical-demonstration-of-calbindin-2a-and-calbindin-2b-like-calcium-binding-proteins-in-the-early-embryonic-development-of-zebrafish-mrna-study
#14
Rahul C Bhoyar, Arun G Jadhao, Sridhar Sivasubbu, A R Singh, Ankit Sabharwal, Nikhil V Palande, Saikat Biswas
Certain calcium binding proteins (CaBPs) are essential for metabolic processes but the role of these proteins in the development is not well known. We have investigated the mRNA expression of CaBPs, calbindin 2a (Calb2a) and calbindin 2b (Calb2b) in the zebrafish embryos 24, 36, 48 and 72h post fertilization (hpf). We have seen very high Calb2a mRNA expression in the tegmentum (Tg), midbrain-hindbrain boundary (Mhb), hindbrain (Hb), spinal cord (Sc), retina and cranial ganglion (Crg). Also very high Calb2b mRNA expression was noted in olfactory cells, cerebellum, Tg, Mhb, Hb, optic tectum, retina, retinal ganglion cell layer, retinal inner nuclear layer, Sc, Neural crest, infraorbital neuromasts, pharyngeal arch 3-7 skeleton and mandibular neuromasts...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391552/effect-of-empagliflozin-on-cardiac-biomarkers-in-a-zebrafish-model-of-heart-failure-clues-to-the-empa-reg-outcome-trial
#15
Xingjuan Shi, Subodh Verma, Junghwa Yun, Koroboshka Brand-Arzamendi, Krishna K Singh, Xiangdong Liu, Ankit Garg, Adrian Quan, Xiao-Yan Wen
The sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor empagliflozin was recently reported to reduce heart failure-associated hospitalizations and cardiovascular mortality amongst individuals with type 2 diabetes at high cardiovascular risk. We sought to elucidate the underlying mechanism(s) for these protective effects using a validated zebrafish heart failure model to evaluate the impact of empagliflozin on the expression of biomarkers of heart failure and mortality. We used aristolochic acid (AA) to induce heart failure in developing cmlc2::GFP transgenic zebrafish embryos and monitored BNP signaling in nppb::Luc transgenic zebrafish with a luciferase reporter assay...
April 8, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385905/in-vivo-characterization-of-an-ahr-dependent-long-non-coding-rna-required-for-proper-sox9b-expression
#16
Gloria R Garcia, Britton C Goodale, Michelle W Wiley, Jane K La Du, David A Hendrix, Robert L Tanguay
Xenobiotic activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) prevents the proper formation of craniofacial cartilage and the heart in developing zebrafish. Downstream molecular targets responsible for AHR-dependent adverse effects remain largely unknown; however, in zebrafish sox9b has been identified as one of the most reduced transcripts in several target organs and is hypothesized to have a causal role in TCDD-induced toxicity. The reduction of sox9b expression in TCDD-exposed zebrafish embryos has been shown to contribute to heart and jaw malformation phenotypes...
April 6, 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380680/progranulin-regulates-neurogenesis-in-the-developing-vertebrate-retina
#17
Caroline E Walsh, Peter F Hitchcock
We evaluated the expression and function of the microglia-specific growth factor, Progranulin-a (Pgrn-a) during developmental neurogenesis in the embryonic retina of zebrafish. At 24 hpf pgrn-a is expressed throughout the forebrain, but by 48 hpf pgrn-a is exclusively expressed by microglia and/or microglial precursors within the brain and retina. Knockdown of Pgrn-a does not alter the onset of neurogenic programs or increase cell death, however, in its absence, neurogenesis is significantly delayed - retinal progenitors fail to exit the cell cycle at the appropriate developmental time and postmitotic cells do not acquire markers of terminal differentiation, and microglial precursors do not colonize the retina...
April 5, 2017: Developmental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375767/zebrafish-behavior-opportunities-and-challenges
#18
Michael B Orger, Gonzalo G de Polavieja
A great challenge in neuroscience is understanding how activity in the brain gives rise to behavior. The zebrafish is an ideal vertebrate model to address this challenge, thanks to the capacity, at the larval stage, for precise behavioral measurements, genetic manipulations, and recording and manipulation of neural activity noninvasively and at single-neuron resolution throughout the whole brain. These techniques are being further developed for application in freely moving animals and juvenile stages to study more complex behaviors including learning, decision making, and social interactions...
April 3, 2017: Annual Review of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372831/%C3%AE-2-and-%C3%AE-1ap-1-complexes-different-essential-functions-and-regulatory-mechanisms-in-clathrin-dependent-protein-sorting
#19
Daniela Zizioli, Constanze Geumann, Manuel Kratzke, Ratnakar Mishra, Guiseppe Borsani, Dario Finazzi, Ermes Candiello, Peter Schu
γ2 adaptin is homologous to γ1, but is only expressed in vertebrates while γ1 is found in all eukaryotes. We know little about γ2 functions and their relation to γ1. γ1 is an adaptin of the heterotetrameric AP-1 complexes, which sort proteins in and do form clathrin-coated transport vesicles and they also regulate maturation of early endosomes. γ1 knockout mice develop only to blastocysts and thus γ2 does not compensate γ1-deficiency in development. γ2 has not been classified as a clathrin-coated vesicle adaptor protein in proteome analyses and functions for monomeric γ2 in endosomal protein sorting have been proposed, but adaptin interaction studies suggested formation of heterotetrameric AP-1/γ2 complexes...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371371/zebrafish-mecp2-is-required-for-proper-axonal-elongation-of-motor-neurons-and-synapse-formation
#20
Keisuke Nozawa, Yanbin Lin, Ryota Kubodera, Yuki Shimizu, Hideomi Tanaka, Toshio Ohshima
Rett syndrome is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder. It is caused by a mutation in methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MecP2), a transcriptional regulator that recruits protein complexes involved in histone modification and chromatin remodeling. However, the role of Mecp2 in Rett syndrome remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the function of Mecp2 in neuronal development using zebrafish embryos. Mecp2 expression was detected ubiquitously in the central nervous system and muscles at 28 h postfertilization (hpf)...
April 2, 2017: Developmental Neurobiology
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