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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050229/ese-1-elf3-mrna-expression-associates-with-poor-survival-outcomes-in-her2-breast-cancer-patients-and-is-critical-for-tumorigenesis-in-her2-breast-cancer-cells
#1
Adwitiya Kar, Arthur Gutierrez-Hartmann
ESE-1/Elf3 and HER2 appear to establish a positive feedback regulatory loop, but the precise role of ESE-1 in HER2(+) breast tumorigenesis remains unknown. Analyzing public repositories, we found that luminal B and HER2 subtype patients with high ESE-1 mRNA levels displayed worse relapse free survival. We stably knocked down ESE-1 in HER2(+) luminal B BT474 cells and HER2 subtype SKBR3 cells, which resulted in decreased cell proliferation, colony formation, and anchorage-independent growth in vitro. Stable ESE-1 knockdown inhibited HER2-dependent signaling in BT474 cells and inhibited mTOR activation in SKBR3 cells, but reduced Akt signaling in both cell types...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032592/arabidopsis-early-flowering3-increases-salt-tolerance-by-suppressing-salt-stress-response-pathways
#2
Yasuhito Sakuraba, Selin Bülbül, Weilan Piao, Giltsu Choi, Nam-Chon Paek
Arabidopsis EARLY FLOWERING3 (ELF3) functions in modulating light input to the circadian clock, as a component of ELF3-ELF4-LUX ARRHYTHMO (LUX) evening complex. However, the role of ELF3 in stress responses remains largely unknown. In this study, we show that ELF3 enhances plants' resilience to salt stress: ELF3-overexpressing (ELF3-OX) plants are salt-tolerant while elf3 mutants are more sensitive to salt stress. Expression of many salt stress- and senescence-associated genes are altered in elf3-1 and ELF3-OX plants compared to wild type...
October 15, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931541/molecular-mechanisms-involved-in-the-adaptive-regulation-of-colonic-thiamin-pyrophosphate-tpp-uptake-process
#3
Kasin Yadunandam Anandam, Padmanabhan Srinivasan, Veedamali S Subramanian, Hamid M Said
A considerable amount of the thiamin generated by gut microbiota exists in the form of thiamin pyrophosphate (TPP). We have previously shown that human colonocytes possess an efficient carrier-mediated uptake process for TPP that involves the SLC44A4 system and this uptake process is adaptively-regulated by prevailing extracellular TPP level. Little is known about the molecular mechanisms that mediate this adaptive regulation. We addressed this issue using human-derived colonic epithelial NCM460 cells and mouse colonoids as models...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878247/a-novel-role-of-the-soybean-clock-gene-lux-arrhythmo-in-male-reproductive-development
#4
Lim Chee Liew, Mohan B Singh, Prem L Bhalla
The evening complex of ELF4-ELF3-LUX proteins is an integral component of a plant circadian clock. LUX ARRHYTHMO (LUX) is one of the key components of the evening complex, and that play a key role in circadian rhythms and flowering. Here, we report that diverged soybean LUX has the additional role in male reproductive development. We studied diurnal and circadian rhythms of soybean LUX (GmLUXa, GmLUXb, and GmLUXc) using qRT-PCR, and show its nuclear localisation by particle bombardment. Yeast-two hybrid (Y2H) studies indicate that both GmLUXb and GmLUXc form an evening complex with GmELF4b and GmELF3a, respectively...
September 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818860/the-chickpea-early-flowering-1-efl1-locus-is-an-ortholog-of-arabidopsis-elf3
#5
Stephen Ridge, Amit Deokar, Robyn Lee, Ketema Daba, Richard C Macknight, James L Weller, Bunyamin Tar'an
In climates that experience short growing seasons due to drought, heat, or end-of-season frost, early flowering is a highly desirable trait for chickpea (Cicer arietinum). In this study, we mapped, sequenced, and characterized Early flowering3 (Efl3), an ortholog of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) EARLY FLOWERING3 (ELF3) that confers early flowering in chickpea. In a recombinant inbred line population derived from a cross between CDC Frontier and ICCV 96029, this gene was mapped to the site of a quantitative trait locus on Ca5 that explained 59% of flowering time variation under short days...
October 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760995/spf45-related-splicing-factor-for-phytochrome-signaling-promotes-photomorphogenesis-by-regulating-pre-mrna-splicing-in-arabidopsis
#6
Ruijiao Xin, Ling Zhu, Patrice A Salomé, Estefania Mancini, Carine M Marshall, Frank G Harmon, Marcelo J Yanovsky, Detlef Weigel, Enamul Huq
Light signals regulate plant growth and development by controlling a plethora of gene expression changes. Posttranscriptional regulation, especially pre-mRNA processing, is a key modulator of gene expression; however, the molecular mechanisms linking pre-mRNA processing and light signaling are not well understood. Here we report a protein related to the human splicing factor 45 (SPF45) named splicing factor for phytochrome signaling (SFPS), which directly interacts with the photoreceptor phytochrome B (phyB)...
August 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732105/shining-a-light-on-the-arabidopsis-circadian-clock
#7
REVIEW
Rachael J Oakenfull, Seth J Davis
The circadian clock provides essential timing information to ensure optimal growth to prevailing external environmental conditions. A major time-setting mechanism (zeitgeber) in clock synchronization is light. Differing light wavelengths, intensities, and photoperiodic duration are processed for the clock-setting mechanism. Many studies on light-input pathways to the clock have focused on Arabidopsis thaliana. Photoreceptors are specific chromic proteins that detect light signals and transmit this information to the central circadian oscillator through a number of different signalling mechanisms...
July 21, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723628/ese-1-elf3-mrna-expression-associates-with-poor-survival-outcomes-in-her2-breast-cancer-patients-and-is-critical-for-tumorigenesis-in-her2-breast-cancer-cells
#8
Adwitiya Kar, Arthur Gutierrez-Hartmann
ESE-1/Elf3 and HER2 appear to establish a positive feedback regulatory loop, but the precise role of ESE-1 in HER2+ breast tumorigenesis remains unknown. Analyzing public repositories, we found that luminal B and HER2 subtype patients with high ESE-1 mRNA levels displayed worse relapse free survival. We stably knocked down ESE-1 in HER2+ luminal B BT474 cells and HER2 subtype SKBR3 cells, which resulted in decreased cell proliferation, colony formation, and anchorage-independent growth in vitro. Stable ESE-1 knockdown inhibited HER2-dependent signaling in BT474 cells and inhibited mTOR activation in SKBR3 cells, but reduced Akt signaling in both cell types...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439286/snp-discovery-and-genetic-variation-of-candidate-genes-relevant-to-heat-tolerance-and-agronomic-traits-in-natural-populations-of-sand-rice-agriophyllum-squarrosum
#9
Pengshan Zhao, Jiwei Zhang, Chaoju Qian, Qin Zhou, Xin Zhao, Guoxiong Chen, Xiao-Fei Ma
The extreme stress tolerance and high nutritional value of sand rice (Agriophyllum squarrosum) make it attractive for use as an alternative crop in response to concerns about ongoing climate change and future food security. However, a lack of genetic information hinders understanding of the mechanisms underpinning the morphological and physiological adaptations of sand rice. In the present study, we sequenced and analyzed the transcriptomes of two individuals representing semi-arid [Naiman (NM)] and arid [Shapotou (SPT)] sand rice genotypes...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389139/emerging-molecular-therapeutic-targets-for-cholangiocarcinoma
#10
REVIEW
Sumera Rizvi, Gregory J Gores
Cholangiocarcinomas (CCAs) are diverse epithelial tumors arising from the liver or large bile ducts with features of cholangiocyte differentiation. CCAs are classified anatomically into intrahepatic (iCCA), perihilar (pCCA), and distal CCA (dCCA). Each subtype has distinct risk factors, molecular pathogenesis, therapeutic options, and prognosis. CCA is an aggressive malignancy with a poor overall prognosis and median survival of less than 2years in patients with advanced disease. Potentially curative surgical treatment options are limited to the subset of patients with early-stage disease...
September 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331201/synchrony-of-plant-cellular-circadian-clocks-with-heterogeneous-properties-under-light-dark-cycles
#11
Masaaki Okada, Tomoaki Muranaka, Shogo Ito, Tokitaka Oyama
Individual cells in a plant can work independently as circadian clocks, and their properties are the basis of various circadian phenomena. The behaviour of individual cellular clocks in Lemna gibba was orderly under 24-h light/dark cycles despite their heterogeneous free-running periods (FRPs). Here, we reveal the entrainment habits of heterogeneous cellular clocks using non-24-h light/dark cycles (T-cycles). The cellular rhythms of AtCCA1::LUC under T = 16 h cycles showed heterogeneous entrainment that was associated with their heterogeneous FRPs...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319089/natural-variation-at-the-soybean-j-locus-improves-adaptation-to-the-tropics-and-enhances-yield
#12
Sijia Lu, Xiaohui Zhao, Yilong Hu, Shulin Liu, Haiyang Nan, Xiaoming Li, Chao Fang, Dong Cao, Xinyi Shi, Lingping Kong, Tong Su, Fengge Zhang, Shichen Li, Zheng Wang, Xiaohui Yuan, Elroy R Cober, James L Weller, Baohui Liu, Xingliang Hou, Zhixi Tian, Fanjiang Kong
Soybean is a major legume crop originating in temperate regions, and photoperiod responsiveness is a key factor in its latitudinal adaptation. Varieties from temperate regions introduced to lower latitudes mature early and have extremely low grain yields. Introduction of the long-juvenile (LJ) trait extends the vegetative phase and improves yield under short-day conditions, thereby enabling expansion of cultivation in tropical regions. Here we report the cloning and characterization of J, the major classical locus conferring the LJ trait, and identify J as the ortholog of Arabidopsis thaliana EARLY FLOWERING 3 (ELF3)...
May 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215940/elf5-is-a-principal-cell-lineage-specific-transcription-factor-in-the-kidney-that-contributes-to-aqp2-and-avpr2-gene-expression
#13
Justin Grassmeyer, Malini Mukherjee, Jennifer deRiso, Casey Hettinger, Monica Bailey, Satrajit Sinha, Jane E Visvader, Haotian Zhao, Eric Fogarty, Kameswaran Surendran
The mammalian kidney collecting ducts are critical for water, electrolyte and acid-base homeostasis and develop as a branched network of tubular structures composed of principal cells intermingled with intercalated cells. The intermingled nature of the different collecting duct cell types has made it challenging to identify unique and critical factors that mark and/or regulate the development of the different collecting duct cell lineages. Here we report that the canonical Notch signaling pathway components, RBPJ and Presinilin1 and 2, are involved in patterning the mouse collecting duct cell fates by maintaining a balance between principal cell and intercalated cell fates...
April 1, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202598/early-flowering3-redundancy-fine-tunes-photoperiod-sensitivity
#14
Andrew J S Rubenach, Valérie Hecht, Jacqueline K Vander Schoor, Lim Chee Liew, Gregoire Aubert, Judith Burstin, James L Weller
Three pea (Pisum sativum) loci controlling photoperiod sensitivity, HIGH RESPONSE (HR), DIE NEUTRALIS (DNE), and STERILE NODES (SN), have recently been shown to correspond to orthologs of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) circadian clock genes EARLY FLOWERING3 (ELF3), ELF4, and LUX ARRHYTHMO, respectively. A fourth pea locus, PHOTOPERIOD (PPD), also contributes to the photoperiod response in a similar manner to SN and DNE, and recessive ppd mutants on a spring-flowering hr mutant background show early, photoperiod-insensitive flowering...
April 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199976/elf3-is-a-negative-regulator-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-ovarian-cancer-cells
#15
Tsz-Lun Yeung, Cecilia S Leung, Kwong-Kwok Wong, Arthur Gutierrez-Hartmann, Joseph Kwong, David M Gershenson, Samuel C Mok
Transcription factors are master switches for various biochemical pathways. However, transcription factors involved in the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer have yet to be explored thoroughly. Therefore, in the present study, we assessed the prognostic value of the transcription factor E74-like factor 3 (ELF3) identified via transcriptome profiling of the epithelial components of microdissected ovarian tumor samples isolated from long- and short-term survivors and determined its roles in ovarian cancer pathogenesis...
March 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161437/tissue-organization-alters-gene-expression-in-equine-induced-trophectoderm-cells
#16
Brad M Reinholt, Jennifer S Bradley, Robert D Jacobs, Alan D Ealy, Sally E Johnson
Rapid morphological and gene expression changes occur during the early formation of a mammalian blastocyst. Critical to successful retention of the blastocyst and pregnancy is a functional trophectoderm (TE) that supplies the developing embryo with paracrine factors and hormones. The contribution of TE conformational changes to gene expression was examined in equine induced trophoblast (iTr) cells. Equine iTr cells were cultured as monolayers or in suspension to form spheres. The spheres are hollow and structurally reminiscent of native equine blastocysts...
June 1, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008680/perception-and-signalling-of-light-and-temperature-cues-in-plants
#17
EDITORIAL
Martina Legris, Cristina Nieto, Romina Sellaro, Salomé Prat, Jorge J Casal
Light and temperature patterns are often correlated under natural plant growth conditions. In this review, we analyse the perception and signalling mechanisms shared by both these environmental cues and discuss the functional implications of their convergence to control plant growth. The first point of integration is the phytochrome B (phyB) receptor, which senses light and temperature. Downstream of phyB, the signalling core comprises two branches, one involving PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTOR 4 (PIF4) and the other CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 1 (COP1) and ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL 5 (HY5)...
December 23, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866166/variability-in-a-short-tandem-repeat-mediates-complex-epistatic-interactions-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#18
Maximilian Oliver Press, Christine Queitsch
Short tandem repeats (STRs) are hypervariable genetic elements that occur frequently in coding regions. Their high mutation rate readily generates genetic variation, contributing to adaptive evolution and human diseases. We previously reported that natural ELF3 polyglutamine variants cause reciprocal genetic incompatibilities in two divergent Arabidopsis thaliana backgrounds. Here, we dissect the genetic architecture of this incompatibility, revealing as many as four loci putatively interacting with ELF3 We were able to specifically identify one such ELF3-interacting gene, LSH9 We further used a yeast two-hybrid strategy to identify proteins whose physical interactions with ELF3 were affected by polyglutamine tract length...
January 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827952/cell-free-rna-content-in-peripheral-blood-as-potential-biomarkers-for-detecting-circulating-tumor-cells-in-non-small-cell-lung-carcinoma
#19
Xin-Min Yu, Yi-Chen Wu, Xiang Liu, Xian-Cong Huang, Xiu-Xiu Hou, Jiu-Li Wang, Xiang-Liu Cheng, Wei-Min Mao, Zhi-Qiang Ling
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have been implicated in tumor progression and prognosis. Techniques detecting CTCs in the peripheral blood of patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) may help to identify individuals likely to benefit from early systemic treatment. However, the detection of CTCs with a single marker is challenging, owing to low specificity and sensitivity and due to the heterogeneity and rareness of CTCs. Herein, the probability of cell-free RNA content in the peripheral blood as a potential biomarker for detecting CTCs in cancer patients was investigated...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699256/claudin-low-bladder-tumors-are-immune-infiltrated-and-actively-immune-suppressed
#20
Jordan Kardos, Shengjie Chai, Lisle E Mose, Sara R Selitsky, Bhavani Krishnan, Ryoichi Saito, Michael D Iglesia, Matthew I Milowsky, Joel S Parker, William Y Kim, Benjamin G Vincent
We report the discovery of a claudin-low molecular subtype of high-grade bladder cancer that shares characteristics with the homonymous subtype of breast cancer. Claudin-low bladder tumors were enriched for multiple genetic features including increased rates of RB1, EP300, and NCOR1 mutations; increased frequency of EGFR amplification; decreased rates of FGFR3, ELF3, and KDM6A mutations; and decreased frequency of PPARG amplification. While claudin-low tumors showed the highest expression of immune gene signatures, they also demonstrated gene expression patterns consistent with those observed in active immunosuppression...
March 17, 2016: JCI Insight
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