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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544356/older-people-s-experiences-of-falling-and-perceived-risk-of-falls-in-the-community-a-narrative-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#1
REVIEW
Siobhan Gardiner, Margaret Glogowska, Catherine Stoddart, Sarah Pendlebury, Daniel Lasserson, Debra Jackson
AIM: To examine qualitative research exploring older people's experiences of falling and the perceived risk of falling in the community. This will contribute new insights into how falling is perceived by the older community. BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem for older people and healthcare services across the world. Accidental falls in the community are a persistent problem that is generally recognised as an intrinsic risk of ageing. This review provides a new synthesis of evidence that considers older people's perception of falls in the community as new insights are needed if the increasing problems of falls are to be addressed...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544126/self-and-identity-in-borderline-personality-disorder-agency-and-mental-time-travel
#2
Natalie Gold, Michalis Kyratsous
We consider how conceptions of the self and identity from the philosophical literature can help us to understand identity disturbance in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We present 3 philosophical approaches: connectedness, narrative, and agency. We show how these map on to 3 different ways in which the self can be temporally extended. The connectedness approach is dominant in philosophy, and the narrative approach has been used by psychiatry, but we argue that the lesser-known agency approach provides a promising way to theorize some aspects of identity disturbance in BPD...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543762/male-partnered-bisexual-women-s-perceptions-of-disclosing-sexual-orientation-to-family-across-the-transition-to-parenthood-intensifying-heteronormativity-or-queering-family
#3
Abbie E Goldberg, Katherine R Allen, Themal Ellawala, Lori E Ross
Drawing from queer and communication privacy management frameworks, this study examines the narratives of 22 bisexual, male-partnered women who were interviewed during the perinatal period and one year postnatally about their disclosures of sexual identity to family of origin. Most women rarely discussed their sexual identity with family; participants who had disclosed described such disclosures as provoking discomfort. Some women stated that their parental status seemed to invalidate the need to talk about their sexual history or identity with family, due its declining salience and increased concerns about judgment...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538786/routine-hiv-testing-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-from-risk-to-prevention
#4
Bruna Robba Lara Redoschi, Eliana Miura Zucchi, Claudia Renata Dos Santos Barros, Vera Silvia Facciolla Paiva
We conducted a critical review of the literature on recurrent use of HIV testing in men who have sex with men (MSM). We performed a narrative review of the literature in which we analyzed the various conceptions on frequent testing over time, the implications for health programs, and the main social markers that influence the incorporation of HIV testing as routine care. Although it has existed since the 1990s, recurrent testing among MSM was frequently interpreted as increased exposure to HIV due to lack of condom use, and therefore as "unnecessary" testing...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537852/-i-felt-like-i-was-being-abused-all-over-again-how-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse-make-sense-of-the-perinatal-period-through-their-narratives
#5
Jane Byrne, Cordet Smart, Gilli Watson
Sequelae following child sexual abuse pervade the lives of adult survivors, significantly impacting on pregnancy and childbirth. Symptoms of this distress are recognized, but meanings for women are less understood. This research aimed to examine the meaning for women themselves of the impact of child sexual abuse on experiences of pregnancy, childbirth, and the postnatal period. Taking a critical feminist perspective, three open-ended interviews with three survivors enabled women's narratives of pregnancy and childbirth to be heard, explored the structure of these narratives, including how experiences were connected, and identified key themes and how selves and others were positioned...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537842/-invisible-during-my-own-crisis-responses-of-lgbt-people-of-color-to-the-orlando-shooting
#6
Johanna L Ramirez, Kirsten A Gonzalez, M Paz Galupo
On June 12th, 2016, the Pulse nightclub in Orlando, Florida was the target of one of the country's deadliest mass shootings. Pulse, a gay nightclub, was hosting a Latin Pride Night the evening of the tragedy, resulting in the death of 49 victims and 53 casualties, over 90% of whom were lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) Latinx people, specifically. The present research investigates the narrative responses from LGBT people of color (LGBT-POC) following the tragedy. Results included an analysis of 94 participant narrative responses...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536549/self-in-art-self-as-art-museum-selfies-as-identity-work
#7
Robert Kozinets, Ulrike Gretzel, Anja Dinhopl
Selfies, digital images characterized by the desire to frame the self in a picture taken to be shared with an online audience, are important reflections of the contemporary self. Much extant psychological research on selfies has taken a pathologizing view of the phenomenon, focusing on its relationship to narcissism. Our investigation seeks to contribute to a holistic, contextualized and cultural perspective. We focus on the context of museums, places where art, history, education, and culture merge into the selfie taking behaviors of patrons...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511032/correlates-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-a-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Kyoungrim Kang, Leila Gholizadeh, Sally C Inglis, Hae-Ra Han
BACKGROUND: By the increasing emphasis on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with myocardial infarction (MI), it is necessary to explore factors that affect HRQoL in this population. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify correlates of HRQoL in patients with MI. DESIGN: A literature review of the factors that affect HRQoL in patients with MI (1995-2016). DATA SOURCES: Three main databases-CINAHL, MEDLINE and PsychINFO-were searched to retrieve relevant peer-reviewed articles published in English...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499571/designing-an-internet-intervention-for-emerging-adults-who-experience-troubled-relationships
#9
Claire Burke Draucker, Donna S Martsolf, Stacey Crane, Lindsey Romero, Allison Leigh McCord
This article describes how the Internet Intervention Model (IIM) was used as an organizing framework to design a theoretically based Internet intervention for emerging adults who experience troubled intimate partner relationships. In the design process, the team addressed six fundamental questions related to the several components of the IIM. Decisions made regarding the design of the intervention based on the six questions are described. We focus in particular on how the intervention is based on the Theory of Emerging Adulthood and the Theory of Narrative Identity...
June 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497991/medical-students-professional-development-as-educators-revealed-through-reflections-on-their-teaching-following-a-students-as-teachers-course
#10
Michelle H Yoon, Benjamin C Blatt, Larrie W Greenberg
Phenomenon: Teaching is an important part of the tri-partite mission of every medical center. Although teaching often is given lower priority and recognition as opposed to patient care and/or research, this activity for many physicians in academic medicine ranks second to their patient care responsibilities. Medical teacher training has traditionally been aimed at faculty and residents through faculty development initiatives, continuing education for physicians at professional conferences, formalized degree or certificate programs in education, and residents as teachers programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494799/a-systematic-review-of-electronic-audit-and-feedback-intervention-effectiveness-and-use-of-behaviour-change-theory
#11
REVIEW
Timothy Tuti, Jacinta Nzinga, Martin Njoroge, Benjamin Brown, Niels Peek, Mike English, Chris Paton, Sabine N van der Veer
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback is a common intervention for supporting clinical behaviour change. Increasingly, health data are available in electronic format. Yet, little is known regarding if and how electronic audit and feedback (e-A&F) improves quality of care in practice. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess the effectiveness of e-A&F interventions in a primary care and hospital context and to identify theoretical mechanisms of behaviour change underlying these interventions...
May 12, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493745/-treating-adult-survivors-of-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-a-new-framework-correction-to-grossman-et-al-2017
#12
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Treating adult survivors of childhood emotional abuse and neglect: A new framework" by Frances K. Grossman, Joseph Spinazzola, Marla Zucker and Elizabeth Hopper (American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 2017, Vol 87[1], 86-93). In the article, in the second sentence of the third paragraph of the "The Empirical Base for CBP" section, "construction of a life narrative" should have read "construction of a trauma narrative." The full corrected sentence follows: "Therefore, the trauma treatment component traditionally focused upon construction of a trauma narrative must be expanded to address the effects of trauma on our clients' entire life narratives, including their development of a sense of self and social identity...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467230/ethnic-identity-negotiation-among-sami-youth-living-in-a-majority-sami-community-in-norway
#13
Kristine Nystad, Anna Rita Spein, Asta Mitkija Balto, Benedicte Ingstad
BACKGROUND: This study was part of the international research project "Circumpolar Indigenous Pathways to Adulthood" (CIPA). OBJECTIVES: To explore ethnic identity negotiation, an unexplored theme, among indigenous North Sami youth living in a majority Sami community context in Arctic Norway. METHODS: A qualitative design was followed using open-ended, in-depth interviews conducted in 2010 with 22 Sami adolescents aged 13-19 years, all reporting Sami self-identification...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430568/reflection-based-learning-for-professional-ethical-formation
#14
William T Branch, Maura George
One way practitioners learn ethics is by reflecting on experience. They may reflect in the moment (reflection-in-action) or afterwards (reflection-on-action). We illustrate how a teaching clinician may transform relationships with patients and teach person-centered care through reflective learning. We discuss reflective learning pedagogies and present two case examples of our preferred method, guided group reflection using narratives. This method fosters moral development alongside professional identity formation in students and advanced learners...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418852/structural-homologies-between-phenformin-lipitor-and-gleevec-aim-the-same-metabolic-oncotarget-in-leukemia-and-melanoma
#15
REVIEW
Gábor Somlyai, T Que Collins, Emmanuelle J Meuillet, Patel Hitendra, Dominic P D'Agostino, László G Boros
Phenformin's recently demonstrated efficacy in melanoma and Gleevec's demonstrated anti-proliferative action in chronic myeloid leukemia may lie within these drugs' significant pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and structural homologies, which are reviewed herein. Gleevec's success in turning a fatal leukemia into a manageable chronic disease has been trumpeted in medical, economic, political and social circles because it is considered the first successful targeted therapy. Investments have been immense in omics analyses and while in some cases they greatly helped the management of patients, in others targeted therapies failed to achieve clinically stable recurrence-free disease course or to substantially extend survival...
March 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417688/medical-professionalism-frameworks-across-non-western-cultures-a-narrative-overview
#16
A Al-Rumayyan, W N K A Van Mook, M E Magzoub, M M Al-Eraky, M Ferwana, M A Khan, D Dolmans
BACKGROUND: Medical professionalism is context-specific, but most literature on professionalism stems from Western countries. This study is about benchmarking of different frameworks on professionalism and interpreting the commonalities and discrepancies of understanding professionalism across different cultures. We need to study the cultural underpinning of medical professionalism to graduate future "global" practitioners who are culturally sensitive enough to recognize differences (and also similarities) of expectations of patients in various contexts...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415908/the-association-of-personal-semantic-memory-to-identity-representations-insight-into-higher-order-networks-of-autobiographical-contents
#17
Matthew D Grilli
Identity representations are higher-order knowledge structures that organise autobiographical memories on the basis of personality and role-based themes of one's self-concept. In two experiments, the extent to which different types of personal semantic content are reflected in these higher-order networks of memories was investigated. Healthy, young adult participants generated identity representations that varied in remoteness of formation and verbally reflected on these themes in an open-ended narrative task...
April 17, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414512/adolescents-intergenerational-narratives-across-cultures
#18
Elaine Reese, Robyn Fivush, Natalie Merrill, Qi Wang, Helena McAnally
Adolescents' intergenerational narratives-the stories they tell about their mothers' and fathers' early experiences-are an important component of their identities (Fivush & Merrill, 2016; Merrill & Fivush, 2016). This study explored adolescents' intergenerational narratives across cultures. Adolescents aged 12 to 21 from 3 cultural groups in New Zealand (Chinese: n = 88; Māori: n = 91; European: n = 91) narrated stories about their mothers' and fathers' childhood experiences. In these narratives, New Zealand Chinese and Māori adolescents included more identity connections (statements linking their own identities to their parents' experiences) than did New Zealand European adolescents, and New Zealand Chinese adolescents' intergenerational narratives were more coherent than were New Zealand European and Māori adolescents' narratives...
April 17, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406274/barriers-and-facilitators-to-hiv-testing-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-kingston-jamaica-a-qualitative-study
#19
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Natasha Brien, Nicolette Jones, Nakia Lee-Foon, Kandasi Levermore, Annecka Marshall, Laura Nyblade, Peter A Newman
INTRODUCTION: Young men who have sex with men (MSM) in Jamaica have the highest HIV prevalence in the Caribbean. There is little information about HIV among transgender women in Jamaica, who are also overrepresented in the Caribbean epidemic. HIV-related stigma is a barrier to HIV testing among Jamaica's general population, yet little is known of MSM and transgender women's HIV testing experiences in Jamaica. We explored perceived barriers and facilitators to HIV testing among young MSM and transgender women in Kingston, Jamaica...
March 3, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406112/doctors-of-tomorrow-an-innovative-curriculum-connecting-underrepresented-minority-high-school-students-to-medical-school
#20
Jordan Derck, Kate Zahn, Jonathan F Finks, Simanjit Mand, Gurjit Sandhu
BACKGROUND: Racial minorities continue to be underrepresented in medicine (URiM). Increasing provider diversity is an essential component of addressing disparity in health delivery and outcomes. The pool of students URiM that are competitive applicants to medical school is often limited early on by educational inequalities in primary and secondary schooling. A growing body of evidence recognizing the importance of diversifying health professions advances the need for medical schools to develop outreach collaborations with primary and secondary schools to attract URiMs...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
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