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Narrative identity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917963/mobile-pastoralists-in-central-and-west-africa-between-conflict-mobile-telephony-and-im-mobility
#1
M De Bruijn, A Amadou, E Lewa Doksala, B Sangaré
The livelihoods of the Fulani mobile pastoralists in the Sahel, West and Central Africa are characterised by mobility (related to the needs of their animals), extensive social networks, and a focus on social ties as the basis of status and influence ('wealth in people'). The Sahel environment in which many Fulani nomads live has become embroiled in jihadism, conflict, and violence; at the same time, this region has experienced an increase in opportunities to connect through the wireless mobile communication system...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917128/what-role-can-avatars-play-in-e-mental-health-interventions-exploring-new-models-of-client-therapist-interaction
#2
REVIEW
Imogen C Rehm, Emily Foenander, Klaire Wallace, Jo-Anne M Abbott, Michael Kyrios, Neil Thomas
In the burgeoning field of e-mental health interventions, avatars are increasingly being utilized to facilitate online communication between clients and therapists, and among peers. Avatars are digital self-representations, which enable individuals to interact with each other in computer-based virtual environments. In this narrative review, we examine the psychotherapeutic applications of avatars that have been investigated and trialed to date. Five key applications were identified (1) in the formation of online peer support communities; (2) replicating traditional modes of psychotherapy by using avatars as a vehicle to communicate within a wholly virtual environment; (3) using avatar technology to facilitate or augment face-to-face treatment; (4) as part of serious games; and (5) communication with an autonomous virtual therapist...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912847/negotiating-positive-aging-in-the-presence-of-age-related-vision-loss-arvl-the-shaping-and-perpetuation-of-disability
#3
Colleen McGrath, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Jan Polgar, Marlee M Spafford, Barry Trentham
INTRODUCTION: While previous research has explored the meaning of positive aging discourses from the perspective of older adults, the perspective of older adults aging with a disability has not been studied. In fact the intersection of aging and disability has been largely underexplored in both social gerontology and disability studies. METHOD: This critical ethnography engaged ten older adults aging with vision loss in narrative interviews, participant observation sessions, and semi-structured in-depth interviews...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905255/rumination-and-self-reflection-in-stress-narratives-and-relations-to-psychological-functioning
#4
Kelly A Marin, Elena K Rotondo
The longitudinal study aims to expand what is known about the costs and benefits of narrating stressful experiences by exploring changes in rumination within the narrative process and comparing it to changes in self-reflection. Rumination (e.g., brooding, self-criticism, and negative emotions) and self-reflection were measured in stress narratives of 56 college students. There were several goals: (1) examine changes in narrative rumination and narrative self-reflection over 3 days of writing, (2) examine the relations among the changes in narrative rumination variables and narrative self-reflection and (3) examine how changes in narrative rumination and narrative self-reflection relate to multiple measures of psychological functioning...
January 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869453/in-search-of-a-new-identity-an-institutional-consultation-at-a-sub-acute-inpatient-unit-in-a-general-hospital
#5
Carlos E Sluzki
Introduction: Hospitals are constantly morphing under the pressure of ever-evolving health care technologies, procedures, and reimbursement practices. In turn, healthy institutional identities and personnel allegiance contribute to counterbalance the potentially destabilizing effects of those changes. An institutional consultation was requested at a general hospital recently created sub-acute unit (SAU) due to malaise and dissatisfaction in the nursing staff. Method: The consultation included a total of 3 group meetings with the SAU nursing staff as well as observation of procedures and milieu in this and adjacent units...
November 21, 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864498/exploring-female-sexuality-embracing-the-whole-narrative
#6
Tanya M Bass
Sexuality is inseparable from sexual health and can refer to sex, gender identities, orientation, pleasure, intimacy, expression, and reproduction. While each element of human sexuality is important, all of these components interconnect to make us complete sexual beings. Educators and other human service providers thus require professional preparation to ensure they can meet the needs of their learners, effectively manage programming, and successfully implement strategies that allow individuals to embrace or manage their sexual existence...
November 2016: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862757/easy-read-and-accessible-information-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-is-it-worth-it-a-meta-narrative-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Deborah Chinn, Claire Homeyard
BACKGROUND: The proliferation of "accessible information" for people with intellectual disabilities in UK health care has accelerated in recent years, underpinned by policy guidance alongside the recent introduction of mandatory standards. However, questions have been raised as to the impact of such resources as a means of enhancing involvement in health care and addressing health inequalities. OBJECTIVE: To review and synthesize the evidence from different approaches used to evaluate the impact of accessible information for people with intellectual disabilities using a meta-narrative approach...
November 16, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860058/patient-experiences-of-a-bariatric-group-programme-for-managing-obesity-a-qualitative-interview-study
#8
Mark Tarrant, Sammyh S Khan, Claire V Farrow, Pooja Shah, Mark Daly, Katarina Kos
OBJECTIVES: People with obesity experience a range of physical and psychological ill-health outcomes. This study examined patients' experiences of a group-based programme for the management of morbid obesity delivered within the UK National Health Service. The focus of the study was on the emerging dynamic of the group and patients' perceptions of its impact on health outcomes. DESIGN: A qualitative interview study was conducted and involved patients recruited from a Tier 3 bariatric service in South West England...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856694/the-experiences-of-family-caregivers-of-people-with-advanced-dementia-living-in-nursing-homes-with-a-specific-focus-on-spouses-a-narrative-literature-review
#9
Jean Hennings, Katherine Froggatt
Dementia affects individuals, families and their relationships. While there is increasing evidence about the experiences of family caregivers of people with dementia, relatively little is known of their experiences when their relatives are living in nursing homes with dementia. This narrative literature review aimed to synthesise current knowledge about family caregivers' experience of having relatives living in nursing homes with advanced dementia, particularly focussing on community-dwelling spouses. Using a systematic approach, textual narrative synthesis was undertaken...
November 17, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855347/constructing-embodied-identity-in-a-new-ageing-population-a-qualitative-study-of-the-pioneer-cohort-of-childhood-liver-transplant-recipients-in-the-uk
#10
Karen Lowton, Chris Hiley, Paul Higgs
Medical innovations have created a future of survivorship for many groups of people with a variety of conditions that were previously untreatable or untreated. This has led not only to an expansion of medical activity in a whole variety of new areas but also to the emergence of new groups of individuals defined or defining themselves through their experiences, diagnosis and treatment. Through analysis of in-depth interviews with 27 of the now-adult survivors of the pioneer cohort of children receiving liver transplants in Britain in the early 1980s and 1990s, this paper presents how this group not only illustrate the capacities of modern medicine and healthcare to transform the survival prospects of a more diversified population, but also create new narratives of embodied identity...
November 11, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807868/narrative-inquiry-a-relational-research-methodology-for-medical-education
#11
D Jean Clandinin, Marie T Cave, Charlotte Berendonk
CONTEXT: Narrative research, an inclusive term for a range of methodologies, has rapidly become part of medical education scholarship. CONCEPTS: In this paper we identify narrative inquiry as a particular theoretical and methodological framework within narrative research and outline its characteristics. We briefly summarise how narrative research has been used in studying medical learners' identity making in medical education. USES OF NARRATIVE INQUIRY: We then turn to the uses of narrative inquiry in studying medical learners' professional identity making...
November 2, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806829/identity-text-an-educational-intervention-to-foster-cultural-interaction
#12
Zareen Zaidi, Daniëlle Verstegen, Rahat Naqvi, Tim Dornan, Page Morahan
BACKGROUND: Sociocultural theories state that learning results from people participating in contexts where social interaction is facilitated. There is a need to create such facilitated pedagogical spaces where participants can share their ways of knowing and doing. The aim of this exploratory study was to introduce pedagogical space for sociocultural interaction using 'Identity Text'. METHODS: Identity Texts are sociocultural artifacts produced by participants, which can be written, spoken, visual, musical, or multimodal...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798049/the-big-picture-unfolds-using-photovoice-to-study-user-participation-in-mental-health-services
#13
Jessica Pui-Shan Tang, Samson Tse, Larry Davidson
BACKGROUND: User participation is advocated on the basis that consumers know their own needs better than anyone else. Photovoice is a participatory research method that empowers the grass-root population to give voice on concerned issues for eliciting social change. AIM: This study explores the experience and impact of user participation in mental health services (MHS) in Hong Kong through photovoice. It also examines the effects of this method in studying user participation...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791267/a-narrative-analysis-of-the-birth-stories-of-early-age-mothers
#14
Anna Carson, Cathy Chabot, Devon Greyson, Kate Shannon, Putu Duff, Jean Shoveller
The telling of birth stories (i.e. stories that describe women's experiences of giving birth) is a common and important social practice. Whereas most research on birth narratives reflects the stories of middle-class, 'adult' women, we examine how the birth stories told by early-age mothers interconnect with broader narratives regarding social stigma and childbearing at 'too early' an age. Drawing on narrative theory, we analyse in-depth interviews with 81 mothers (ages 15-24 years) conducted in Greater Vancouver and Prince George, Canada, in 2014-15...
October 28, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788410/everyday-tactics-in-local-moral-worlds-e-cigarette-practices-in-a-working-class-area-of-the-uk
#15
Frances Thirlway
Research into e-cigarette use has largely focused on their health effects and efficacy for smoking cessation, with little attention given to their potential effect on health inequalities. Drawing on three years of ethnographic research between 2012 and 2015, I investigate the emerging e-cigarette practices of adult smokers and quitters in a working-class area of the UK. I first use de Certeau's notion of 'tactics' to describe the informal economy of local e-cigarette use. Low-priced products were purchased through personal networks and informal sources for financial reasons, but also as a solution to the moral problems of addiction and expenditure on the self, particularly for older smokers...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760507/-we-talk-we-do-not-have-shame-addressing-stigma-by-reconstructing-identity-through-enhancing-social-cohesion-among-female-sex-workers-living-with-hiv-in-the-dominican-republic
#16
Maria Augusta Carrasco, Clare Barrington, Caitlin Kennedy, Martha Perez, Yeycy Donastorg, Deanna Kerrigan
This study explores social cohesion as a strategy used by female sex workers to address layered HIV and sex work-related stigma. Data derive from a thematic analysis of 23 in-depth interviews and 2 focus groups with female sex workers living with HIV enrolled in a multi-level HIV/STI prevention, treatment and care intervention in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Drawing on Foucault's conceptualisation of modern power, discipline and resistance, we argue that social cohesion provides the psychosocial space (of trust, solidarity and mutual aid) to subvert oppressive societal norms, enabling the reconstruction of identity...
October 20, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756168/-they-don-t-understand-that-we-also-exist-south-african-participants-in-competitive-disability-sport-and-the-politics-of-identity
#17
Leslie Swartz, Jason Bantjes, Bradley Knight, Greg Wilmot, Wayne Derman
PURPOSE: To describe how athletes with disabilities talk about their experiences of participating in competitive disability sport in South Africa. METHOD: In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 athletes with disabilities. Data were analysed via thematic content analysis using an inductive data driven process. RESULTS: Participants described their involvement in competitive sport as a positive experience; they described it as a catalyst for the recasting of identities and reframing an understanding of physical impairment, a context for empowerment and resistance of disablist attitudes, and an arena in which a sense of inclusion and belonging is experienced...
October 19, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734749/peace-justice-and-disabled-women-s-advocacy-tamil-women-with-disabilities-in-rural-post-conflict-sri-lanka
#18
Niro Kandasamy, Karen Soldatic, Dinesha Samararatne
This article draws on grounded qualitative research with rural Tamil women who acquired a disability during the civil war in Sri Lanka and conceptualizes an intersectionality-peace framework. Three main themes were developed from the interviews: narratives of conflict, survival outcomes of social assistance and mobilization of cross-ethnic relationships. With the support of a local women's disability advocacy organization, Tamil women with disabilities were enabled to overcome social stigma and claim a positive identity as women with disabilities...
October 13, 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723421/-she-has-a-real-connection-with-them-reimagining-and-expanding-our-definitions-of-black-masculinity-and-mentoring-in-education-through-female-masculinity
#19
Bettina L Love
Through narrative inquiry, utilizing in-depth interviews and field observations, the goal of this research is to begin a dialogue within the field of education and mentoring scholarship that expands the mentoring of Black males beyond traditional norms of sex and gender identities/performances to reimagine the ways in which Black female masculinity can be a site of mentoring for Black and Brown boys.
October 10, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716117/the-experience-of-greek-cypriot-individuals-living-with-mental-illness-preliminary-results-of-a-phenomenological-study
#20
Charis P Kaite, Maria N Karanikola, Foteini J D Vouzavali, Anna Koutroubas, Anastasios Merkouris, Elizabeth D E Papathanassoglou
BACKGROUND: Research evidence shows that healthcare professionals do not fully comprehend the difficulty involved in problems faced by people living with severe mental illness (SMI). As a result, mental health service consumers do not show confidence in the healthcare system and healthcare professionals, a problem related to the phenomenon of adherence to therapy. Moreover, the issue of unmet needs in treating individuals living with SMI is relared to their quality of life in a negative way...
October 6, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
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