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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807487/exploring-how-prison-based-drug-rehabilitation-programming-shapes-racial-disparities-in-substance-use-disorder-recovery
#1
Erin M Kerrison
Prison-based therapeutic community (TC) programming is derived from the perspective that drug addiction is primarily symptomatic of cognitive dysfunction, poor emotional management, and underdeveloped self-reliance skills, and can be addressed in a collaborative space where a strong ideological commitment to moral reform and personal responsibility is required of its members. In this space, evidence of rehabilitation is largely centered on the client's relationship to language and the public adoption of a "broken self" narrative...
August 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795977/strategies-for-supporting-physician-scientists-in-faculty-roles-a-narrative-review-with-key-informant-consultations
#2
Lorelei Lingard, Peter Zhang, Michael Strong, Margaret Steele, John Yoo, James Lewis
PURPOSE: Physician-scientists are a population in decline globally. Solutions to reverse this decline often have focused on the training pipeline. Less attention has been paid to reducing attrition post training, when physician-scientists take up faculty roles. However, this period is a known time of vulnerability because of the pressures of clinical duties and the long timeline to securing independent research funding. This narrative review explored existing knowledge regarding how best to support physician-scientists for success in their faculty roles...
August 8, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789595/personal-narrative-approaches-in-rehabilitation-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#3
Kate D'Cruz, Jacinta Douglas, Tanya Serry
Although narrative storytelling has been found to assist identity construction, there is little direct research regarding its application in rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this review was to identify published evidence on the use of personal narrative approaches in rehabilitation following TBI and to synthesise the findings across this literature. A systematic search of four databases was conducted in December 2016. No limit was set on the start date of the search. Personal narrative approaches were defined as direct client participation in sharing personal stories using written, spoken or visual methods...
August 9, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777660/moral-adherence-hiv-treatment-undetectability-and-stigmatized-viral-loads-among-haitians-in-south-florida
#4
Chelsea Cormier McSwiggin
In the United States, HIV is rendered a chronic condition, and viral transmission is minimized through strict adherence to pharmaceutical treatment. Treatment reduces viral loads to untraceable levels in the blood, a status known as 'undetectable', as determined by laboratory testing. For Haitians living with HIV in South Florida, 'undetectable' has become more than a viral status; it is a means to know and govern themselves as moral actors and to survey and stigmatize others who remain 'detectable'. The ethnographic evidence I present here suggests that Haitians adopt novel forms of subjectivity based on undetectability, producing identities entangled in biotechnical categorizations and dominant narratives of responsibility, morality, and health...
August 4, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767498/the-road-to-rural-primary-care-a-narrative-review-of-factors-that-help-develop-recruit-and-retain-rural-primary-care-physicians
#5
Anna Beth Parlier, Shelley L Galvin, Sarah Thach, David Kruidenier, Ernest Blake Fagan
PURPOSE: To examine the literature documenting successes in recruiting and retaining rural primary care physicians. METHOD: The authors conducted a narrative review of literature on individual, educational, and professional characteristics and experiences that lead to recruitment and retention of rural primary care physicians. In May 2016, they searched MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, Web of Science, Google Scholar, the Grey Literature Report, and reference lists of included studies for literature published in or after 1990 in the United States, Canada, or Australia...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767007/-i-am-not-a-friend-to-men-embodiment-and-desire-in-magnus-hirschfeld-s-transvestites-case-studies
#6
Emma Heaney
This article reads sexological case studies of the fin-de siècle that contain accounts of trans women's lives in the period. It argues that these sources contradict the diagnostic criteria that doctors determine as the factors that define trans feminine identity in the period: desire for men, social isolation, and tortured bodily dissatisfaction. Chief among these contradictions is the prevalence of the expression of trans women's desire for women and easy participation in women's social and kinship networks...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752772/being-a-good-parent-single-women-reflecting-upon-selfishness-and-risk-when-pursuing-motherhood-through-sperm-donation
#7
Susanna Graham
Drawing upon the narratives of 23 single heterosexual women in the UK thinking about and pursuing motherhood through sperm donation, this paper explores how solo motherhood can be construed as a 'risk' to the identity of a 'good' mother. It shows how, for these women, solo motherhood was a departure from an imagined life of having a child within the context of a stable relationship and was a prospect viewed with much ambivalence and uncertainty. Choosing to become a single mother challenged their conceptualisation of a 'good' mother, someone who puts their child's interests above their own...
July 28, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752230/biological-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-related-uveitis-beyond-tnf-alpha-blockade-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Jurgen Sota, Donato Rigante, Giuseppe Lopalco, Bruno Frediani, Rossella Franceschini, Mauro Galeazzi, Florenzo Iannone, Gian Marco Tosi, Claudia Fabiani, Luca Cantarini
Intraocular inflammation is one of the more relevant complications of Behçet's disease (BD), which tends to respond poorly to different medications. The ocular histopathologic changes are basically identical to those occurring in other organs and consist in a necrotizing leukocytoclastic obliterative vasculitis, which is probably immune complex-mediated and affects both arteries and veins of all sizes. There are growing evidences showing the potential role of biologic agents other than anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α agents in the management of ocular-BD, which have been collected in this review, including interleukin-1 and interleukin-6 blockade, secukinumab, ustekinumab, daclizumab, rituximab, and alemtuzumab...
July 27, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749234/the-importance-of-critical-life-moments-an-explorative-study-of-successful-women-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Amanda A Webster, Susanne Garvis
Ten women with autism spectrum disorder participated in oral interviews in order to share their experiences since their diagnosis and to discuss the factors that had enabled them to achieve success in different aspects of their life. Participants were encouraged to share their perspectives on their success and to discuss the challenges they encountered in their daily lives and how they overcame these. Interviews were analysed using a narrative-themed approach. Participants indicated that both internal and external factors enabled them to achieve success in different aspects of their lives...
August 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745947/identity-narrative-density-preliminary-findings-from-scoring-emotional-valence-of-autobiographical-events
#10
A Novac, R G Bota, B Blinder
Autobiographical Memory is a form of declarative episodic memory known to have a significant role in identity, self-regulation, and socialization. Conceivably, it may also influence outcome of psychopathology. This is a preliminary report in which the authors are proposing the notion of Identity Narrative (IdN), a set of implicit memories acquired throughout life and consolidated according to a gradient of emotional valence. IdN may constitute an implicit scaffolding for autobiographical memory. Identity Narrative Density (IND) is a score of emotional valence referring to life events that contribute to the construction of an IdN...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742452/-the-third-sex-is-here-to-stay-rhetorical-reconstructions-of-lesbian-sexuality-in-vice-versa
#11
Kate Litterer
Vice Versa, published in Los Angeles from 1947-1948 and regarded as the first lesbian periodical in the United States, was authored and edited by Lisa Ben (anagram for "lesbian"). While Vice Versa is lauded for inspiring later lesbian publications, little scholarship has analyzed the magazine's contents. Queer rhetorical analysis allows me to demonstrate the integral role Vice Versa played in counteracting cultural and medical classifications of lesbians during the 1940s. Through an analysis of Vice Versa's book and movie reviews, an editorial, and creative writing, this article analyzes the way Ben uses queer rhetoric to turn narratives of medical and psychological deviancy and inferiority into a means for empowerment and community building...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738421/cardiovascular-disease-among-transgender-adults-receiving-hormone-therapy-a-narrative-review
#12
Carl G Streed, Omar Harfouch, Francoise Marvel, Roger S Blumenthal, Seth S Martin, Monica Mukherjee
Recent reports estimate that 0.6% of adults in the United States, or approximately 1.4 million persons, identify as transgender. Despite gains in rights and media attention, the reality is that transgender persons experience health disparities, and a dearth of research and evidence-based guidelines remains regarding their specific health needs. The lack of research to characterize cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD risk factors in transgender populations receiving cross-sex hormone therapy (CSHT) limits appropriate primary and specialty care...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727508/collective-stories-of-exercise-making-sense-of-gym-experiences-with-disabled-peers
#13
Emma V Richardson, Brett Smith, Anthony Papathomas
Using a dialogical narrative approach, we explored how disabled people made sense of their gym experiences as part of a peer group. Interviews were conducted with 18 disabled people (10 men and 8 women, aged 23-60) who had experience exercising in the gym as part of a group. Data were rigorously analyzed using a dialogical narrative analysis. Within their peer group, participants crafted a collective story that they used to resist disablism in the gym. The dialogical components of the collective story functioned to (a) validate participants' experiences of oppression in the gym, (b) forge an unspoken understanding with peers, (c) craft a more affirmative identity, and (d) instill a sense of empowerment in participants so that they can tell their own story...
July 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721643/the-scientific-self-reclaiming-its-place-in-the-history-of-research-ethics
#14
Herman Paul
How can the history of research ethics be expanded beyond the standard narrative of codification-a story that does not reach back beyond World War II-without becoming so broad as to lose all distinctiveness? This article proposes a history of research ethics focused on the "scientific self," that is, the role-specific identity of scientists as typically described in terms of skills, competencies, qualities, or dispositions. Drawing on three agenda-setting texts from nineteenth-century history, biology, and sociology, the article argues that the "revolutions" these books sought to unleash were, among other things, revolts against inherited conceptions of scientific selfhood...
July 18, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704135/-top-bottom-versatile-narratives-of-sexual-practices-in-gay-relationships-in-the-cape-metropole-south-africa
#15
Neil John Henderson
Sexual practices among gay and other men who have sex with men are evolving in South Africa and heteronormative stereotypes are being contested. This paper draws from a larger qualitative study on how men construct a gay identity and negotiate their relationships within contemporary South African contexts, following constitutional and legal changes, in this respect. A feminist, social constructionist approach was used to collect and analyse data from in-depth interviews with 15 self-identified gay men, aged 20 to 46 years, drawn from a university in the larger Cape Metropole, South Africa...
July 13, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685660/recovery-from-substance-abuse-among-zimbabwean-men-an-occupational-transition
#16
Clement Nhunzvi, Roshan Galvaan, Liesl Peters
Substance abuse is a rising global problem, associated with medical, psychiatric, family, occupational, legal, political, financial, and spiritual problems. Recovery is an important area of consideration in occupational therapy's quest to promoting health and well-being. This narrative inquiry explored the journey of recovery from substance abuse among young adult Zimbabwean men. Three men were purposively selected to participate in in-depth narrative interviews about their occupations during recovery. Data were analyzed using a narrative analysis...
July 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681485/unlocking-stories-older-women-s-experiences-of-intimate-partner-violence-told-through-creative-expression
#17
Julie McGarry, Dawn Bowden
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) exerts a detrimental impact on the lives and health of all who experience abuse. This includes both physical and mental health and wellbeing. The experiences of older women however may be different and these differences may not be recognised or accounted for within existing care provision. AIM: To explore the impact of IPV on the lives and health of older women told from the particular perspective of older women themselves as these accounts are largely absence from existing IPV discourse...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681328/diagnosis-narrative-identity-and-asymptomatic-disease
#18
Mary Jean Walker, Wendy A Rogers
An increasing number of patients receive diagnoses of disease without having any symptoms. These include diseases detected through screening programs, as incidental findings from unrelated investigations, or via routine checks of various biological variables like blood pressure or cholesterol. In this article, we draw on narrative identity theory to examine how the process of making sense of being diagnosed with asymptomatic disease can trigger certain overlooked forms of harm for patients. We show that the experience of asymptomatic disease can involve 'mismatches' between one's beliefs about one's health status on the one hand, and bodily sensations or past experience on the other...
August 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670960/narrative-identity-in-female-patients-with-remitted-bipolar-disorder-a-negative-past-and-a-foreshortened-future
#19
Anne Mai Pedersen, Krista Nielsen Straarup, Dorthe Kirkegaard Thomsen
The present study examined narrative identity and subjective well-being in outpatients with remitted bipolar disorder (BD) and a healthy control group. Fifteen female outpatients with remitted BD and 15 healthy control participants identified past and future chapters in their life stories, gave their age for the beginning and end of each chapter, rated emotional tone as well as positive and negative self-event connections associated with the chapters, and for future chapters rated the probability of the chapter...
July 1, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669013/narrative-medicine-perspectives-on-patient-identity-and-integrative-care-in-neuro-oncology
#20
Robert B Slocum, Tracy A Howard, John L Villano
Narrative Medicine sessions can encourage patients to rediscover personal identity and meaning by telling or writing their stories. We explored this process to improve care and quality of life for brain cancer patients in an academic neuro-oncology program. Brain cancer and its treatments may threaten a patient's quality of life and sense of self in many ways, including impaired cognitive skills, loss of memory, reduced coordination, and limited capacity for self-expression. The impact of symptoms and side effects on quality of life must be evaluated in terms of each patient's identity and may be understood in terms of each patient's story...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
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