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Narrative identity

Tristan J Coulter, Clifford J Mallett, Jefferson A Singer
The current study adopted McAdams' multilayer framework as the basis to develop a psychological portrait of an elite athlete who was identified as being particularly 'mentally tough'. The aim was to use this single case as an exemplar to demonstrate the utility of McAdams' framework for understanding the complexity of sport performers across three domains of personality: dispositional traits, characteristic adaptations, and narrative identity. We operationalised these domains through the development of specific research questions and, subsequently, the collection and integration of the participant's Big Five traits, personal strivings, coping strategies, and response to a life story interview...
January 2018: European Journal of Personality
Xin-Qiang Wang, Jun-Cheng Zhu, Lu Liu, Xiang-Yu Chen, Jun-Yu Huo
Pre-service teachers with different professional identity may actively construct different subjective profession-related events based on the same objective profession-related events. To explore the priming effect among pre-service teachers with different professional identity, this study examined the effect of positive, negative, or neutral priming sentences in an individualized narration of profession-related events through a priming paradigm. Forty-two female volunteers were asked to complete positive, negative, and neutral priming sentences describing profession-related events...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
John Noel M Viaña, Frederic Gilbert
Memory dysfunction and cognitive impairments due to Alzheimer's disease can affect the selfhood and identity of afflicted individuals, causing distress to both people with Alzheimer's disease and their caregivers. Recently, a number of case studies and clinical trials have been conducted to determine the potential of deep brain stimulation as a therapeutic modality for people with Alzheimer's disease. Some of these studies have shown that deep brain stimulation could induce flashbacks and stabilize or even improve memory...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Jack J Bauer, Laura A King, Michael F Steger
Self-determination theory (SDT) has advanced the most comprehensive model of motives for human flourishing in the field of personality psychology and beyond. In this article, we evaluate SDT relative to the process of meaning-making, particularly from a narrative perspective, showing what SDT can and cannot explain about the construction of self-identity and its relation to human flourishing. On the one hand, SDT explains how subjective assessments of need fulfillment drive the process of self-determined living...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Personality
David Roe, Amit Yamin
Research around the world has consistently shown that people with serious mental illness (SMI) are often subject to stronglyheld stigmatizing attitudes held by others in society (e.g., dangerousness, incompetence, inability to work). As a result, people with SMI often experience "internalized stigma" or "self-stigma" which reflects the process by which stigmatizing attitudes are internalized, leading to the loss of previously held or hoped for identities (e.g., self as student, self as worker, self as parent, etc...
September 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Heather A Feldner, Samuel W Logan, James C Galloway
AIM: Rehabilitation professionals are increasingly recognizing mobility as a basic human right and endorsing the efficacy of early powered mobility for children with mobility impairments to foster independence, promote socialization with peers and facilitate participation in family and community life. However, the relationship between mobility and technology provision, when considered in the context of lived experiences of children with mobility impairments and their families, is complex and understudied...
March 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
J van Os
Personalised psychiatry is the promise that biological stratification and analysis of 'big' data will enable clinical prediction.<br/> AIM: To analyse promises and problems regarding personalised medicine in the psychiatry.<br/> METHOD: Analysis of current challenges.<br/> RESULTS: Essential challenges are: 1. Biological psychiatry yields weak findings and clinically negligible diagnostic likelihood ratios. 2. The impact of biological stratification in medicine is relatively small yet may result in explosive health care costs...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Cecilia Davis-Hayes, David R Baker, Thomas S Bottiglieri, William N Levine, Natasha Desai, James D Gossett, James M Noble
Purpose of review: In patients with a considerable history of sports-related concussion, the decision of when to discontinue participation in sports due to medical concerns including neurologic disorders has potentially life-altering consequences, especially for young athletes, and merits a comprehensive evaluation involving nuanced discussion. Few resources exist to aid the sports medicine provider. Recent findings: In this narrative review, we describe 10 prototypical vignettes based upon the authors' collective experience in concussion management and propose an algorithm to help clinicians navigate retirement discussions...
February 2018: Neurology. Clinical Practice
Oddgeir Synnes, Kirsti Malterud
AIMS: This study aims to explore how minority stress related to sexual orientation is reflected in narratives from lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) individuals in Norway, with an impact for national public health policy. METHODS: Arthur Frank's dialogical narrative analysis was applied to personal stories from 65 persons self-referring to different categories of queer identities, submitted online anonymously to a Norwegian national archive for queer history. A purposive sample of three different stories were selected due to their capacity to illuminate how various aspects of minority stress are narrated in diverse interplays between individual voices and resources, and cultural scripts and societal influences...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Martin D Moore
In classic accounts of the development of modern medicine in Europe and North America, the sick person is often portrayed as having a history of disappearance with the rise of the objectified body of the modern patient. To this account, sociologists and historians of medicine have added another for the period after 1950, in which the patient as subjective person "reappears" in medical discourse. However, despite histories of practice and identity revising narratives of disappearance, the patient's reappearance has largely escaped further assessment...
March 5, 2018: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Kristina M Scharp, Brittan A Barker, Sidney N Rucker, Hannah D Jones
We aimed to determine the types of identities hearing parents construct when telling online stories about their children with hearing loss (HL) who use cochlear implants (CIs). To do so, we employed a qualitative design and sampled 20 different blogs United States origins and written by parents of children who use CIs. We then used thematic narrative analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006; Riessman, C. K. (2008). Narrative methods for the human sciences. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.) to uncover recurring themes from these parents' blogs...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Lynsey Warwick-Giles, Kath Checkland
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to try and understand how several organisations in one area in England are working together to develop an integrated care programme. Weick's (1995) concept of sensemaking is used as a lens to examine how the organisations are working collaboratively and maintaining the programme. Design/methodology/approach Qualitative methods included: non-participant observations of meetings, interviews with key stakeholders and the collection of documents relating to the programme. These provided wider contextual information about the programme...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
Bethany Ober Mannon
The field of narrative medicine holds that personal narratives about illness have the potential to give illness meaning and to create order out of disparate facets of experience, thereby aiding a patient's treatment and resisting universalizing medical discourse. Two narratives of bipolar disorder, Kay Redfield Jamison's prose memoir An Unquiet Mind (1995) and Ellen Forney's graphic memoir Marbles (2012) challenge these ideas. These writers demonstrate that one result of bipolar disorder is a rupture to their sense of identity, making straightforward and verbal forms of narrative impossible...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Humanities
Katie A Strong, Mary D Lagerwey, Barbara B Shadden
Purpose: Social models of aphasia rehabilitation emphasize the importance of supporting identity renegotiation, which can be accomplished in part through personal narrative construction. The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of persons who had engaged in a project to coconstruct personal narratives about life with aphasia. Method: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 3 participants with aphasia who completed a 4-week personal narrative coconstruction project, which included preadministration and postadministration of the Communication Confidence Rating Scale for Aphasia (Cherney & Babbitt, 2011)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Danielle Blouin
OBJECTIVES: Informal learning includes all occurrences during one's life when learning is not deliberate. Prior research on informal learning in healthcare contexts examined learning happening outside of the formal curriculum, yet still in the workplace. This study explores residents' perceptions about extracurricular factors outside of the workplace that contribute to their learning and development of professional identity, whether interpersonal relations are recognised as such factors, and positive and negative impacts of interpersonal relations...
February 26, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Aine Marie Kelly, Patricia B Mullan
Teaching and assessing trainees' professionalism now represents an explicit expectation for Accreditation Council Graduate Medical Education-accredited radiology programs. Challenges to meeting this expectation include variability in defining the construct of professionalism; limits of traditional teaching and assessment methods, used for competencies historically more prominent in medical education, for professionalism; and emerging expectations for credible and feasible professionalism teaching and assessment practices in the current context of health-care training and practice...
February 22, 2018: Academic Radiology
D L Dräger, S Milerski, K D Sievert, O W Hakenberg
BACKGROUND: Psychological stress of patients with penile cancer arises from the cancer diagnosis itself and the treatment consequences. In addition, there is cancer-specific distress. There is the chance of cure in localized stages and in those with limited regional lymph node metastases but this requires surgery and often adjuvant chemotherapy. This systematic review gives a summary of the existing literature to date. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A critical database search using Medline was made in Ovid from 1946 to 2017, in the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and in the Web of Science from 1900 to 2017...
February 23, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Michele J Maiers, William K Foshee, Heidi Henson Dunlap
Objectives: Transgender individuals commonly experience barriers to quality health care and may suffer from unique musculoskeletal complaints. Although these needs are often inadequately addressed within the health care system, they could be attended to by the chiropractic community. This narrative review describes best practices for delivering culturally sensitive care to transgender patients within the context of chiropractic offices. Methods: A literature search generated peer-reviewed material on culturally competent care of the transgender community...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Rena Lyons, Sue Roulstone
There are policy and theoretical drivers for listening directly to children's perspectives. These perspectives can provide insights to children's experiences of their daily lives and ways in which they construct their multiple identities. Qualitative methodology is a useful research paradigm with regard to exploring children's experiences. However, listening to the perspectives of children with speech and language disorders is a relatively new field of research. Therefore, it is important that researchers share their experiences of using methods and reflect on the strengths and limitations of these methods...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Sarah Hean, Christopher Green, Elizabeth Anderson, Debra Morris, Carol John, Richard Pitt, Cath O'Halloran
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional curricula have often lacked explicit reference to theory despite calls for a more theoretically informed field that illuminates curricular assumptions and justifies curricular practices. AIM: To review the contributions of theory to the design, delivery, and evaluation of interprofessional curricula. METHODS: Four databases were searched (1988-2015). Studies demonstrating explicit and a high-quality contribution of theory to the design, delivery or evaluation of interprofessional curricula were included...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
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