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Narrative identity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648244/the-tales-athletes-tell-narrative-structure-and-identity-in-great-british-medalists
#1
Tristan J Coulter, Clifford J Mallett, Jefferson A Singer
Using a life story approach, Hardy and colleagues present a study examining the similarities and differences in the psychosocial development of UK-based elite and super-elite athletes. We found this work to be a highly personal account into the lives of these cohorts, which advances knowledge concerning the psychology and influencing events and circumstances that separate the good from the great performers. We make some suggestions for how to enrich the study's findings and approach, by (1) adopting McAdams' multilayer framework of personality, as an overarching structure for assessing the whole person, and (2) encouraging the authors to explore the narrative structure of the presented life stories and go beyond simply an interpretation of their content...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648230/the-psychosocial-development-of-world-class-athletes-additional-considerations-for-understanding-the-whole-person-and-salience-of-adversity
#2
Daniel F Gucciardi
In the target article, Hardy and colleagues provided an incisive analysis of retrospectively reported psychosocial factors associated with the development and careers of 32 former athletes from Olympic sports. They found that Super-Elite athletes ("serial" medal winners at major international championships, i.e., World Championship or Olympic Games) differed from matched Elite performers (won medals at international competitions but not major championships) with regard to several important psychosocial factors (e...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648112/narrative-research-on-mental-health-recovery-two-sister-paradigms
#3
Gabriela Spector-Mersel, Evgeny Knaifel
BACKGROUND: Despite the breadth of narrative studies on individuals with severe mental illness, the suitability of narrative inquiry to exploring mental health recovery (MHR) has not been examined. AIMS: (1) Examining the appropriateness of narrative inquiry to studying MHR; (2) assessing the extent to which narrative studies on MHR conform to the unique features of narrative research, as a distinctive form of qualitative inquiry. METHODS: Review of empirical, theoretical and methodological literature on recovery and narrative inquiry...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644691/the-evolution-of-psychological-testing-at-the-austen-riggs-center-a-theoretical-analysis
#4
Jeremy M Ridenour, Brittany Zimmerman
Theoretical perspectives on personality and the development of psychopathology have shifted markedly over the last 7 decades. However, it remains unclear how those changes affect mental health practice. Comprehensive and conscientiously recorded reports of psychological testing provide a clear window on this process because they comprise distinctive records of how patients are assessed and understood. For this study, we conducted an exploratory, qualitative analysis of the narratives of the testing reports over the past 65 years at the Austen Riggs Center, a private psychiatric hospital and residential treatment center, to assess changes over time and to evaluate the influence that various factors had on the reports...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641480/how-hiv-patients-construct-liveable-identities-in-a-shame-based-culture-the-case-of-singapore
#5
Lai Peng Ho, Esther C L Goh
This article interrogates the mainstream healthcare narrative that frames human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as a chronic disease, and triangulates it with the lived experiences of people with HIV in Singapore. It also examines how HIV patients reconstruct their identities after the diagnosis of HIV. Four HIV patients (two males and two females) were interviewed in depth by an experienced medical social worker. Findings revealed that even as the illness trajectory of HIV has shifted from a terminal condition to a chronic one, living with HIV continues to be fraught with difficulty as society, especially in the Asian context, perceives HIV with much fear and disapproval...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639482/-always-looking-for-a-new-balance-toward-an-understanding-of-what-it-takes-to-continue-working-while-being-diagnosed-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Hanneke van der Meide, Dennis van Gorp, Karin van der Hiele, Leo Visser
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to gain insight into the meaning of work in the everyday lives of people with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, and the barriers and facilitators to staying in work. METHODS: Nineteen employed adults diagnosed with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis participated in narrative interviews. All interviews were transcribed and coded for thematic analysis. RESULTS: For people with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, continuing to work was a precarious balancing act...
June 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632335/to-brexit-or-not-to-brexit-the-roles-of-islamophobia-conspiracist-beliefs-and-integrated-threat-in-voting-intentions-for-the-united-kingdom-european-union-membership-referendum
#7
Viren Swami, David Barron, Laura Weis, Adrian Furnham
We used an identities approach to examine voting intentions in the June 2016 UK referendum on membership of the European Union (EU). In April 2016, 303 British adults (58.7% women, age M = 34.73) indicated their voting intentions for the referendum and completed measures of identification with the national in-group, perceived threat from Muslim immigrants, belief in Islamophobic conspiracy narratives, Islamophobia, general conspiracist beliefs, ambiguity tolerance, and belief in a clash of civilizations. Path and mediation analyses indicated that greater belief in Islamophobic conspiracy theories mediated the link between Islamophobia and intention to vote to leave...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629224/-it-s-not-my-business-exploring-heteronormativity-in-young-people-s-discourses-about-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-queer-issues-and-their-implications-for-youth-health-and-wellbeing
#8
Cara Ky Ng, Rebecca J Haines-Saah, Rodney E Knight, Jean A Shoveller, Joy L Johnson
In Canada, the issue of creating safe and inclusive school environments for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer students has been in the spotlight. Several researchers and advocates have pointed out the positive effects of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer-positive policy frameworks on the health and wellbeing of all young people. In this article, we take a critical approach to analyzing narrative findings from qualitative interviews conducted with youth in three communities in British Columbia, Canada: "the North," Vancouver, and Abbotsford...
June 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619126/health-and-wellbeing-outcomes-of-programs-for-indigenous-australians-that-include-strategies-to-enable-the-expression-of-cultural-identities-a-systematic-review
#9
Sarah MacLean, Rebecca Ritte, Alister Thorpe, Shaun Ewen, Kerry Arabena
Indigenous people have long maintained that strong cultural identities are critical to health and wellbeing. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine whether interventions that entail strategies to enable expression of cultural identities for Australian Indigenous peoples are associated with measurable improvements in health and wellbeing. Peer-reviewed articles that reported quantitatively expressed health and wellbeing outcomes involving Indigenous Australian participants only were included. The cultural intervention component was defined and assessed by Indigenous researchers on the team...
June 16, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615000/-a-tribe-apart-sexuality-and-cancer-in-adolescence
#10
Nancy J Moules, Andrew Estefan, Catherine M Laing, Fiona Schulte, Gregory M T Guilcher, James C Field, Douglas Strother
This qualitative study employed hermeneutic phenomenology and narrative inquiry to examine the topic of sexuality and adolescents with cancer from the perspectives of survivors who had experienced cancer as adolescents. This investigation examined the potentially sensitive, disquieting, and often taboo issue of sexuality in the interest of optimizing wellness in young people, and, ultimately, in the health of adults. Understanding the adolescent body as a sensitive, sexual, and developing self can enrich our understanding of adolescent cancer and promote best health care and practices, examining ways that we might mitigate the long-term effects of arrested or delayed development of sexual identity...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610750/understanding-the-experiences-of-racialized-older-people-through-an-intersectional-life-course-perspective
#11
Ilyan Ferrer, Amanda Grenier, Shari Brotman, Sharon Koehn
This article proposes the development of an intersectional life course perspective that is capable of exploring the links between structural inequalities and the lived experience of aging among racialized older people. Merging key concepts from intersectionality and life course perspectives, the authors suggest an analytic approach to better account for the connections between individual narratives and systems of domination that impinge upon the everyday lives of racialized older people. Our proposed intersectional life course perspective includes four dimensions: 1) identifying key events and their timing, 2) examining locally and globally linked lives, 3) exploring categories of difference and how they shape identities, 4) and assessing how processes of differentiation, and systems of domination shape the lives, agency and resistance among older people...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604245/state-of-the-art-or-the-art-of-medicine-transnational-mobility-and-perceptions-of-multiple-biomedicines-among-nigerian-physicians-in-the-u-s
#12
Judith Schühle
Over the last 40 years, several thousand Nigerian-trained doctors have migrated to the U.S. to practice in what they regard as the state-of-the-art of global biomedicine. Based on interviews with Nigerian physicians, this article shows how their professional mobility, and their transition to the new professional environment of U.S. biomedicine, makes them aware of local differences in practicing medicine. Adapting to local ways of practicing in the U.S. creates a new sense of belonging and professional identity...
June 12, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597989/discrimination-and-resilience-and-the-needs-of-people-who-identify-as-transgender-a-narrative-review-of-quantitative-research-studies
#13
REVIEW
Edward McCann, Michael Brown
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine discrimination and resilience experiences of people who identify as transgender and establish potential health service responses. BACKGROUND: People who identify as transgender face many challenges in society in terms of the knowledge, understanding and acceptance of a person's gender identity. DESIGN: A narrative review of quantitative empirical research. METHODS: A comprehensive search of CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Sociological Abstracts electronic databases from 2006 to 2016 was conducted...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585102/the-role-of-prostaglandins-e1-and-e2-dinoprostone-and-misoprostol-in-cervical-ripening-and-the-induction-of-labor-a-mechanistic-approach
#14
Ronan Bakker, Stephanie Pierce, Dean Myers
PURPOSE: Prostaglandins play a critical role in cervical ripening by increasing inflammatory mediators in the cervix and inducing cervical remodeling. Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) exert different effects on these processes and on myometrial contractility. These mechanistic differences may affect outcomes in women treated with dinoprostone, a formulation identical to endogenous PGE2, compared with misoprostol, a PGE1 analog. The objective of this review is to evaluate existing evidence regarding mechanistic differences between PGE1 and PGE2, and consider the clinical implications of these differences in patients requiring cervical ripening for labor induction...
June 5, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580355/adults-experiencing-homelessness-in-the-us-mexico-border-region-a-photovoice-project
#15
Eva Margarita Moya, Silvia M Chavez-Baray, Jacqueline Loweree, Brian Mattera, Nahomi Martinez
Homelessness is a social, economic, and political crisis in the United States. In particular, the US-Mexico Border region has seen a surge of homelessness, specifically among veterans, women victims of intimate partner violence, and immigrants. In 2014, 12 persons in El Paso, TX, with experience of being homeless used the photovoice methodology to participate in a project titled, "The Voices and Images of the Residents of the Opportunity Center for the Homeless: A Visual Project on the Identity and Challenges Homeless Adults Face on the Border Region...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578916/telling-different-stories-making-new-realities-the-ontological-politics-of-addiction-biographies
#16
Kiran Pienaar, Ella Dilkes-Frayne
Personal narratives of alcohol and other drug addiction circulate widely in popular culture and they also have currency in professional therapeutic settings. Despite this, relatively little research has explored the conventions operating in these narratives and how they shape people's experiences and identities. While research in this area often proceeds on the premise that addiction biographies are straightforwardly 'true' accounts, in this paper we draw on the insights of critical alcohol and other drug scholarship, and the concept of 'ontological politics' to argue that biographies produce normative ideas about addiction and those said to be experiencing it...
May 31, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575542/rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-motivations-for-accepting-or-resisting-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drug-treatment-regimens
#17
Yomei Shaw, Ilinca D Metes, Kaleb Michaud, Julie M Donohue, Mark S Roberts, Marc C Levesque, Judy C Chang
OBJECTIVE: Patient refusal of and nonadherence to treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) can adversely affect disease outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This qualitative study describes how RA patients' feelings in response to experiences and information affected their decisions to accept (agree to adopt, initiate and implement) or resist (refuse, avoid and discontinue) DMARD treatment regimens. METHODS: 48 RA patients were interviewed about their experiences making decisions about DMARDs...
June 2, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556207/characterization-of-self-defining-memories-in-individuals-with-severe-alcohol-use-disorders-after-mid-term-abstinence-the-impact-of-the-emotional-valence-of-memories
#18
Jean-Louis Nandrino, Marie-Charlotte Gandolphe
BACKGROUND: Self-defining memories (SDM) are distinguished from other autobiographical memory (AM) processes to delineate those associated with the sense of personal identity and continuity in one's individual history. With chronic alcohol consumption, the construction of such memories may be modified in terms of specificity, valence, meaning-making and evoked topics. The present study sought to characterize SDM in a population of 27 patients with AUD who had been abstinent for at least 2 months compared with 28 control participants...
May 28, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552025/social-stigma-legal-and-public-health-barriers-faced-by-the-third-gender-phenomena-in-brazil-india-and-mexico-travestis-hijras-and-muxes
#19
Alessandra Diehl, Denise Leite Vieira, Marina Milograna Zaneti, Ana Fanganiello, Pratap Sharan, Rebecca Robles, Jair de Jesus Mari
AIM AND METHODS: The aim of this article is to provide a narrative literature review of the 'third gender' phenomenon in Brazil ( Travestis), India ( Hijras) and Mexico ( Muxes), considering the social stigma, the legal and health aspects of these identities. RESULTS: These three groups share similar experiences of stigmatisation, marginalisation, sexual abuse, HIV infection, infringement of civil rights and harassment accessing health services. Brazil, India and Mexico public services for the third gender conditions are still very scarce and inadequate for the heavy demand from potential users...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545933/extracting-multidimensional-stimulus-response-correlations-using-hybrid-encoding-decoding-of-neural-activity
#20
REVIEW
Jacek P Dmochowski, Jason Ki, Paul DeGuzman, Paul Sajda, Lucas C Parra
In neuroscience, stimulus-response relationships have traditionally been analyzed using either encoding or decoding models. Here we propose a hybrid approach that decomposes neural activity into multiple components, each representing a portion of the stimulus. The technique is implemented via canonical correlation analysis (CCA) by temporally filtering the stimulus (encoding) and spatially filtering the neural responses (decoding) such that the resulting components are maximally correlated. In contrast to existing methods, this approach recovers multiple correlated stimulus-response pairs, and thus affords a richer, multidimensional analysis of neural representations...
May 22, 2017: NeuroImage
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