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Narrative identity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335091/repositioning-interprofessional-education-from-the-margins-to-the-centre-of-australian-health-professional-education-what-is-required
#1
Roger Dunston, Dawn Forman, Jill Thistlethwaite, Carole Steketee, Gary D Rogers, Monica Moran
Objective This paper examines the implementation and implications of four development and research initiatives, collectively titled the Curriculum Renewal Studies program (CRS), occurring over a 6-year period ending in 2015 and focusing on interprofessional education (IPE) within Australian pre-registration health professional education.Methods The CRS was developed as an action-focused and participatory program of studies. This research and development program used a mixed-methods approach. Structured survey, interviews and extensive documentary analyses were supplemented by semi-structured interviews, focus groups, large group consultations and consensus building methods...
January 16, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332511/the-process-of-primary-desistance-from-intimate-partner-violence
#2
Kate Walker, Erica Bowen, Sarah Brown, Emma Sleath
This study examined the interaction between structure and agency for individuals in the first or early phase of primary desistance (1 year offending free) from intimate partner violence (IPV). Narrative accounts of perpetrators, survivors, and IPV program facilitators were analyzed using Thematic Analysis. Changes in the self and the contexts, structures, and conditions were necessary to promote desistance. Perpetrators made behavioral and cognitive changes taking on different identities (agentic role) by removing external stressors and instability within the confines of a supportive environment (structural role)...
August 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297412/illness-recognition-decision-making-and-care-seeking-for-maternal-and-newborn-complications-a-qualitative-study-in-jigawa-state-northern-nigeria
#3
Vandana Sharma, Jessica Leight, Fatima AbdulAziz, Nadège Giroux, Martina Bjorkman Nyqvist
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality and newborn mortality continue to be major challenges in Nigeria, with the highest levels in the northern part of the country. The objective of this study was to explore the process and sequence of symptom recognition, decision-making, and care-seeking among families experiencing maternal and neonatal illness and deaths in 24 local governmental areas in Jigawa State, Northern Nigeria. METHODS: This qualitative study included 40 illness narratives (ten each for maternal deaths, perceived postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), neonatal deaths, and neonatal illness) that collected data on symptom recognition, perceptions of the causes of disease, decision-making processes, the identity of key decision-makers, and care-seeking barriers and enablers...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261540/looking-back-to-move-forward-first-year-medical-students-meta-reflections-on-their-narrative-portfolio-writings
#4
Hetty Cunningham, Delphine Taylor, Urmi A Desai, Samuel C Quiah, Benjamin Kaplan, Lorraine Fei, Marina Catallozzi, Boyd Richards, Dorene F Balmer, Rita Charon
The day-to-day rigors of medical education often preclude learners from gaining a longitudinal perspective on who they are becoming. Furthermore, the current focus on competencies, coupled with concerning rates of trainee burnout and a decline in empathy, have fueled the search for pedagogic tools to foster students' reflective capacity. In response, many scholars have looked to the tradition of narrative medicine to foster "reflective spaces" wherein holistic professional identity construction can be supported...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250005/the-effect-of-trait-self-awareness-self-reflection-and-perceptions-of-choice-meaningfulness-on-indicators-of-social-identity-within-a-decision-making-context
#5
Noam Dishon, Julian A Oldmeadow, Christine Critchley, Jordy Kaufman
Theorists operating from within a narrative identity framework have suggested that self-reflective reasoning plays a central role in the development of the self. Typically, however, narrative identity researchers have investigated this relationship using correlational rather than experimental methods. In the present study, leveraging on a classic research paradigm from within the social identity literature we developed an experiment to test the extent to which self-reflection might have a causal impact on the self-concept within a decision-making context...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249868/making-dialogue-with-an-existential-voice-in-transition-from-military-to-civilian-life
#6
Jan Grimell
Dialogical Self Theory has contributed to the endeavors to map and grid self-identity work in transition from military to civilian life throughout an empirical and longitudinal research project which focuses on existential dimensions. This article is based on a case study from this project and centers upon Sergeant Jonas, who, upon his return from deployment in Afghanistan, struggled with his transition as a new existential position was vocalized throughout the following annual interviews. This voice narrated feelings of meaninglessness, emptiness, and of having been deceived...
December 2017: Theory & Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241356/the-impact-of-experiential-avoidance-and-event-centrality-in-trauma-related-rumination-and-posttraumatic-stress
#7
Lia S Bishop, Victoria E Ameral, Kathleen M Palm Reed
Cognitive control strategies like rumination often increase posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. However, extant research has provided equivocal results when attempting to explain why this phenomenon occurs. The current study explored several mechanisms that may clarify such findings. For this study, 193 trauma-exposed community members completed measures of PTSD, rumination, experiential avoidance, and event centrality. Elevated reports of rumination were associated with greater PTSD symptomology, experiential avoidance, and event centrality...
December 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236554/just-a-spoonful-of-sugar-helps-the-messages-go-down-using-stories-and-vicarious-self-affirmation-to-reduce-e-cigarette-use
#8
Nathan Walter, Stefanie Z Demetriades, Sheila T Murphy
While prior research has demonstrated the benefits of self-affirming individuals prior to exposing them to potentially threatening health messages, the current study assesses the feasibility of inducing self-affirmation vicariously through the success of a character in a narrative. In Study 1, college-age participants who regularly use e-cigarettes (N = 225) were randomly assigned to read one of two versions of a story depicting a college student of their own gender. The versions were identical except in the vicarious self-affirmation (VSA) condition, the main character achieves success (i...
December 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234993/narrative-identity-in-third-party-reproduction-normative-aspects-and-ethical-challenges
#9
Natacha Salomé Lima
In the last few decades, assisted reproduction has introduced new challenges to the way people conceive and build their families. While the numbers of donor-conceived (DC) individuals have increased worldwide, there are still many controversies concerning access to donor information. Is there a fundamental moral right to know one's genetic background? What does identity in DC families mean? Is there any relationship between identity formation and disclosure of genetic origins? These questions are addressed by analysing core regulatory discourse (ethical recommendations and codes of practice)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222912/bringing-the-disabled-body-to-personality-psychology-a-case-study-of-samantha
#10
Jonathan M Adler
OBJECTIVE: Personality psychology has largely ignored the experiences of people with disabilities. This paper strives to bring the thriving, interdisciplinary field of disability studies to personality psychology via a case study of Samantha (N=1). Samantha feels that she grew up as a hearing person who could not hear and is now a deaf person who can hear. METHOD: Narrative identity provides the theoretical, methodological, and analytical framework for the rich, qualitative examination of Samantha's life story, interwoven with approaches from disability studies and intersectionality theory...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218965/moral-courage-in-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-literature-review
#11
Laurie Bickhoff, Peter M Sinclair, Tracy Levett-Jones
Aim: The aim of this review was to explore factors which facilitate or inhibit undergraduate nursing students’ willingness to demonstrate moral courage when confronted by poor patient care. Methods: Included papers were those that met the criteria of being qualitative research that explored undergraduate nursing students’ depictions of situations where moral courage was or was not demonstrated during clinical placements, with a particular focus on situations that impacted or had the potential to impact the quality of patient care...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210185/redemption-of-the-spoiled-identity-the-role-of-hiv-positive-individuals-in-hiv-care-cascade-interventions
#12
Carol S Camlin, Edwin D Charlebois, Elvin Geng, Fred Semitala, Jeanna Wallenta, Monica Getahun, Leatitia Kampiire, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Norton Sang, Dalsone Kwarisiima, Tamara D Clark, Maya L Petersen, Moses R Kamya, Diane V Havlir
INTRODUCTION: The concept of "therapeutic citizenship" has drawn attention to ways in which public testimony, the "story-telling in the public sphere" undertaken by people living with HIV (PLHIV), has shaped the global response to the epidemic. This paper presents qualitative findings from two large studies in eastern Africa that reveal how the advent of population-based HIV testing campaigns and efforts to accelerate antiretroviral "treatment for all" has precipitated a rapidly expanding therapeutic citizenship "project," or social movement...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209260/awareness-and-awakening-a-narrative-oriented-inquiry-of-undergraduate-students-development-of-mindful-agency-in-china
#13
Qing Wang, Ho Chung Law, Yan Li, Zhanfei Xu, Weiguo Pang
The article explores undergraduate students' experiences of developing mindful agency as a positive learning disposition, their perceived change as a learner, and the possible impact of mindful agency coaching on students' learning and personal growth, using a narrative research method. Seventy Chinese undergraduate students generated personal reflective journals and eight participants' journals were selected to enter into the narrative-oriented inquiry. Our analysis revealed a number of primary themes based on which we produced a meta-story...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202638/a-systematic-scoping-review-of-engagement-in-physical-activity-among-lgbtq-adults
#14
Shannon S C Herrick, Lindsay R Duncan
BACKGROUND: LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, etc) persons are subject to elevated rates of chronic diseases and health concerns that can be addressed through regular participation in physical activity. However, LGBTQ+ adults experience unique challenges to engaging in physical activity. Subsequently, the aim of this study is to describe the dominant narratives related to the complex intersection of sexual orientation, gender identity, and physical activity. METHODS: A systematic search and scoping review of existing literature was conducted in June 2016...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199374/who-are-we-and-where-are-we-going-from-past-myths-to-present-politics
#15
Sandra Obradović
Social groups, and the social identities which people develop as part of them, are often experienced as stable and continuous over time. Thus, countries experiencing rapid socio-political change often face the challenge of re-constructing the meaning of the social group to adapt to the demands of the present, while simultaneously making this re-construction appear as a natural progression of 'our' historical journey. In the present paper, I ask the question of how, in times of socio-political change, the past is used in the present, and the implications this has for how individuals represent their nation's future...
December 4, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193494/-it-s-good-they-re-like-me-the-same-but-different-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-identities-of-women-with-down-s-syndrome
#16
Emma Groves, Kelly Rayner, Steven Muncer
BACKGROUND: For people with disabilities, identity formation is based on responses to hierarchical values determined by able populations. Some adopt a disability identity, whereas others may seek to conceal their disability. No research has focused on how women with Down's Syndrome form an identity. DESIGN: Eight women with Down's Syndrome took part in semi-structured interviews designed to find out more about their individual and shared identities. The transcripts were analysed using interpretive phenomenological analysis...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190119/when-the-plus-sign-is-a-negative-challenging-and-reinforcing-embodied-stigmas-through-outliers-and-counter-narratives
#17
Alexandra Lippert
When individuals become aware of their stigma, they attempt to manage their identity through discourses that both challenge and reinforce power. Identity management is fraught with tensions between the desire to fit normative social constructions and counter the same discourse. This essay explores identity management in the midst of the embodied stigmas concerning unplanned pregnancy during college and raising a biracial son. In doing so, this essay points to the difference between outlier narratives and counter-narratives...
November 30, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189127/biosimilars-from-extrapolation-into-off-label-use
#18
Sizheng Zhao, Jagdish R Nair, Robert J Moots
BACKGROUND: Biologic drugs have revolutionised the management of many inflammatory conditions. Patent expirations have stimulated development of highly similar but non-identical molecules, the biosimilars. Extrapolation of indications is a key concept in the development of biosimilars. However, this has been met with concerns around mechanisms of action, equivalence in efficacy and immunogenicity, which are reviewed in this article. METHODS: Narrative overview composed from literature search and the authors' experience...
November 29, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172572/a-narrative-approach-to-the-role-of-others-in-ethnic-identity-formation
#19
Ylva Svensson, Jesper Berne, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to explore the role of others in ethnic identity development. Three questions were asked: to what extent others are involved in these processes, what roles they play, and whether the roles differed between participant who identified with a majority, minority or mixed ethnic identity. METHOD: An exploratory, narrative approach was used, and written narratives were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The analytic sample consisted of 191 participants (78% female, Mage = 20...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166486/-narratives-of-users-of-mental-health-services-in-an-experiment-with-autonomous-management-of-medication
#20
Laura Lamas Martins Gonçalves, Rosana Teresa Onocko Campos
Numerous studies have highlighted the tendency to chronicity of treatments centered on the use of medications. This study was conducted in a large Brazilian city with users of Centers for Psychosocial Care (CAPS), with the aim of evaluating the effects of experimenting with the personal Guide for Autonomous Management of Medication (GAM) and the users' relationship to their treatments and participation. The instrument, created in Canada and translated and adapted to Brazil, was tested in intervention groups with users of CAPS with severe mental disorders and a history of political participation in the field of health...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
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