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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026812/medical-student-perception-of-plastic-surgery-and-the-impact-of-mainstream-media
#1
S J Fraser, S Al Youha, P J Rasmussen, J G Williams
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery as a discipline is poorly understood by many, including primary care physicians, nurses, medical students, and the public. These misconceptions affect the specialty in a number of ways, including referral patterns and recruitment of medical students into residency programs. The reason for these commonly held misconceptions has not yet been addressed in the plastic surgery literature. As such, we assessed medical students' knowledge and perceptions of plastic surgery as a discipline and explored factors influencing these opinions...
February 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021730/case-report-of-a-high-voltage-electrical-injury-and-review-of-the-indications-for-early-fasciotomy-in-limb-salvage-of-an-electrically-injured-limb
#2
T J Huei, S J Mohd Yussof, H T C Lip, I Salina
Electrical injuries make up a relatively small portion of burn injuries. Safety measures in place on domestic electricity supply have reduced the occurrence of high voltage electrical injuries. We present the case of a young man who sustained a high voltage electrical injury on all four limbs. Early fasciotomy was performed on both his hands and forearms. Despite early compartment release, the left upper limb deteriorated and required amputation. In this article we discuss the indications, outcomes and complications of early fasciotomy...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971251/rabbit-model-of-ocular-indirect-photodynamic-therapy-using-a-retinoblastoma-xenograft
#3
Jonathan W Kim, Bradley Jacobsen, Emily Zolfaghari, Angela Ferrario, Patricia Chevez-Barrios, Jesse L Berry, Diana K Lee, Grecia Rico, Ingy Madi, Narsing Rao, Kevin Stachelek, Lei-Chi Wang, Charles Gomer
PURPOSE: The goal of this project was to demonstrate the feasibility of coupling the indirect ophthalmoscope laser delivery system with the 690 nm wavelength diode laser used to perform photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the treatment of retinoblastoma. METHODS: For phase 1, a total of six pigmented rabbits were treated with the indirect laser delivery system. The laser source was provided by the Lumenis Opal 690 nm laser unit, delivered through a 810 nm Indirect ophthalmoscope headpiece and a hand-held 28-diopter indirect lens (1...
October 2, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971111/use-of-autologous-fat-grafting-for-the-correction-of-burn-scar-contracture-in-the-hand-a-case-report
#4
Shems Al-Hayder, Christina Gramkow, Stig-Frederik Trojahn Kølle
Severe burn injuries to the hand represent a topic of great concern due to long-term complications such as hypertrofic burn scar and contracture, which may result in loss of function. We present a case of burn scar contracture in the hand of a child undergoing Z-plasty and lipofilling.
2017: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969190/groin-flap-in-paediatric-age-group-to-salvage-hand-after-electric-contact-burn-challenges-and-experience
#5
Pradeep Gupta, Rakesh Singh Tawar, Manohar Malviya
INTRODUCTION: Electric contact burn is characterised by multiple wounds produced by entrance and exit of the current. Hand is most commonly involved in the same and children are particularly susceptible to such accidents. AIM: To document effectiveness and challenges associated with the use of groin flap as an initial definitive treatment of electric contact burn in paediatric age group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2015 to December 2016, 25 children up to 12 years of age, who were admitted at SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, after electric burn injury with hand defect and who were treated by pedicled groin flap at the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, were included in the study...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963316/canada-donate-study-protocol-a-prospective-national-observational-study-of-the-medical-management-of-deceased-organ-donors
#6
Frederick D'Aragon, Sonny Dhanani, Francois Lamontagne, Deborah J Cook, Karen Burns, Aemal Akhtar, Michaël Chassé, Anne-Julie Frenette, Sean Keenan, Jean-Francois Lize, Demetrios J Kutsogiannis, Andreas Kramer, Lori E Hand, Erika Arseneau, Marie-Helene Masse, Christine Ribic, Ian Ball, Andrew Baker, Gordon Boyd, Bram Rochwerg, Andrew Healey, Steven Hanna, Gordon H Guyatt, Maureen O Meade
INTRODUCTION: Research on the management of deceased organ donors aims to improve the number and quality of transplants and recipient outcomes. In Canada, this research is challenged by regionalisation of donation services within provinces and the geographical, clinical and administrative separation of donation from transplantation services. This study aims to build a national platform for future clinical trials in donor management. Objectives are to engage collaborators at donation hospitals and organ donation organisations (ODOs) across Canada, describe current practices, evaluate the effectiveness of donation-specific interventions and assess the feasibility of future clinical trials...
September 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956922/probing-energy-landscapes-of-cytochrome-b6f-with-spectral-hole-burning-effects-of-deuterated-solvent-and-detergent
#7
Alexander Levenberg, Golia Shafiei, Maria A Lujan, Steven Giannacopoulos, Rafael Picorel, Valter Zazubovich
In Non-Photochemical Spectral Hole Burning (NPHB) and spectral hole recovery experiments cytochrome b6f protein exhibits behavior that is almost independent of the deuteration of the buffer / glycerol glassy matrix containing the protein, apart from some differences in heat dissipation. On the other hand, strong dependence of hole burning properties on sample preparation procedures was observed and attributed to a large increase of the electron-phonon coupling and shortening of the excited-state lifetime occurring when n-dodecyl β-D-maltoside (DM) is used as a detergent instead of n-octyl β-D-glucopiranoside (OGP)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891296/noninvasive-body-fat-burn-monitoring-from-exhaled-acetone-with-si-doped-wo3-sensing-nanoparticles
#8
A T Güntner, N A Sievi, S J Theodore, T Gulich, M Kohler, S E Pratsinis
Obesity is a global health threat on the rise, and its prevalence continues to grow. Yet suitable biomedical sensors to monitor body fat burn rates in situ, to guide physical activity or dietary interventions toward efficient weight loss, are missing. Here, we introduce a compact and inexpensive breath acetone sensor based on Si-doped WO3 nanoparticles that can accurately follow body fat burn rates in real time. We tested this sensor on 20 volunteers during exercise and rest and measured their individual breath acetone concentrations in good agreement with benchtop proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry (PTR-TOF-MS)...
September 22, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888319/systems-based-practice-in-burn-care-prevention-management-and-economic-impact-of-health-care-associated-infections
#9
REVIEW
Charles Scott Hultman, David van Duin, Emily Sickbert-Bennett, Lauren M DiBiase, Samuel W Jones, Bruce A Cairns, David J Weber
Health care-associated infections in burn patients, from ventilator-associated pneumonia to skin and soft tissue infections, can substantially compromise outcomes, because these complications are associated with longer lengths of stay, increased morbidity and mortality, and greater direct medical costs. Health care-associated infections are largely preventable, through surveillance, education, appropriate hand hygiene, and culture change, especially for device-related infections. Systems-based practice, which allows individuals and clinical microsystems to navigate and improve the macro health care system, may be one of the most powerful skill sets to effect change, permitting a shift in culture toward patient safety and quality improvement...
October 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888308/hand-reconstruction-after-burn-injury-functional-results
#10
REVIEW
Günter Germann
Frequently burns of the hand occur as part of a major thermal injury, but appropriate treatment of the hands has high priority, because even small burns of the hand may result in severely limited function and compromised aesthetic appearance. The functional importance of the hand cannot be overemphasized, because the patient's ability to perform useful work after recovery or the ability to care for themselves is to a great degree determined by residual hand function. This article describes the management of burn injuries involving the hand, stressing the importance of appropriate initial treatment...
October 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871487/fabry-disease-in-children-a-federal-screening-programme-in-russia
#11
Leyla Seymurovna Namazova-Baranova, Alexander Alexandrovich Baranov, Aleksander Alekseevich Pushkov, Kirill Victorovich Savostyanov
Our objective was to examine the prevalence of Fabry disease in Russian children with chronic pain in the distal limbs. This non-interventional, multi-centre study included children 2-18 years of age with chronic recurrent unilateral or bilateral pain, burning, or acroparesthesia in the hands or feet. The presence of Fabry disease was defined by abnormal alpha-galactosidase A activity in males or alpha-galactosidase gene (GLA) mutation in females. Among 214 patients (110 males), 84.1% had bilateral limb pain and 31...
September 4, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869386/-history-present-state-and-perspectives-of-czech-burns-medicine
#12
P Brychta
Care for burn patients is defined in most developed countries as an independent multidisciplinary specialty (burn medicine) and it is concentrated to specialized units, which are sufficiently staffed with appropriate space area and equipment. Since the 50s of the previous century in the former Czechoslovakia, there were five such units, three of which were in the Czech Republic (Prague, Ostrava, Brno). The specialty successfully developed and achieved prestige also abroad, mainly due to uninterrupted contacts with the foreign units...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Plasticae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865837/evaluation-of-scar-quality-after-treatment-of-superficial-burns-of-the-hands-and-face-with-dressilk-or-biobrane-an-intra-individual-comparison
#13
Jennifer Lynn Schiefer, Rebekka Rath, Elena Ahrens, Daniel Grigutsch, Ingo Gräff, Jan-Philipp Stromps, Paul Christian Fuchs, Alexandra Schulz
INTRODUCTION: The aesthetic outcome after burn of exposed areas such as the hand and face is of high importance. A number of wound dressings used for the treatment of superficial and partial thickness burns promise rapid wound healing and reduced scarring. Previously, wound healing of hands and faces with superficial burns treated with Dressilk(®) compared to Biobrane(®) was evaluated intra-individually with similar results. Nevertheless, up to date objective information regarding the scarring after superficial burns treated with Dressilk(®) does not exist...
August 30, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855061/burns-in-a-major-burns-center-in-east-china-from-2005-to-2014-incidence-and-outcome
#14
Xiaoming Fan, Bing Ma, Ding Zeng, Xiao Fang, Haihang Li, Shichu Xiao, Guangyi Wang, Hongtai Tang, Zhaofan Xia
OBJECTIVE: Information about epidemiology on burns is rare in China. The aim of this article is to describe the pattern of burns in East China during a 10-year time period. METHOD: A retrospective data analysis was performed on all hospitalized patients to the burn center at the Changhai hospital, one of major burn centers in East China, from 2005 to 2014. RESULTS: We included 3376 patients in this study. Among them, 48.1% were from 27 provinces out of Shanghai and nearly 90% were from East China...
November 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855033/-risk-factors-of-lung-cancer-in-xuanwei-yunnan-province-china
#15
Liqun Liu, Xia Wan, Gongbo Chen, Xiangyun Ma, Bofu Ning, Gonghuan Yang
BACKGROUND: Since 1970s, Xuanwei in Yunnan province has been one of the towns with highest lung cancer mortality in China. Moreover, the characters of high female lung cancer mortality and sub-regional clustering high lung cancer mortality have not changed. In this study, we further described the exposure situation of risk factors of lung cancer in Xuanwei nowadays, in order to explore the trend of the distribution of lung cancer there. METHODS: Firstly we divided the 26 towns of Xuanwei city to high-, median- and low- lung cancer areas by the lung cancer mortality in 2010-2012...
August 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853127/winging-of-the-scapula-diagnosed-as-parsonage-turner-syndrome-a-case-report
#16
Christine Carroll, Bill Bass
A 24-year-old active duty female Soldier complained of right shoulder burning, stinging, electrical shock-like pain with radiation to the right hand after completing a ruck march. She also complained of swelling and feelings of her cold right hand. Examination showed a deficit in the deltoid, upper trapezius, supraspinatus, and also right winging of the scapula. She also exhibited weakness to right arm, weak right hand grip, and decreased sensation over the dorsal right hand. The right hand was also noticed to be colder to touch than the left one...
July 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826296/recent-progresses-in-plastic-surgery-using-adipose-derived-stem-cells-biomaterials-and-growth-factors
#17
Farshad Zarei, Babak Negahdari
Plastic and reconstructive surgery is a distinct specialty, which entails craniofacial and hand surgery; trauma, oncologic and congenital reconstruction; burn care, and aesthetic surgery. However, advances in nanotechnology have significantly affected wound management, skin care, implant and prosthetic design, tissue engineering, and drug delivery systems. Presently, plastic surgeons are applying the efficacy of stem cells (ADSCs), biomaterials and growth factors in different facets of plastic surgery. In this review, we will elucidate the applications of stem cells, biomaterials and growth factors in plastic surgeries...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815738/the-effect-of-depression-generalized-anxiety-and-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-on-change-in-bone-metabolism-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#18
Chadi A Calarge, James A Mills, Kathleen F Janz, Trudy L Burns, Janet A Schlechte, William H Coryell, Babette S Zemel
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively examine the independent contribution of major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) use to changes in bone metabolism in older adolescents and emerging adults. METHODS: Medically-healthy 15 to 20 year-olds who were unmedicated or within one month of starting an SSRI were prospectively followed. Psychiatric functioning and medication treatment were assessed monthly...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812893/%C3%AE-sulfinyl-benzoates-as-precursors-to-li-and-mg-carbenoids-for-the-stereoselective-iterative-homologation-of-boronic-esters
#19
Giorgia Casoni, Murat Kucukdisli, James M Fordham, Matthew Burns, Eddie L Myers, Varinder K Aggarwal
The stereoselective reagent-controlled homologation of boronic esters is one of a small number of iteratable synthetic transformations that if automated could form the basis of a veritable molecule-making machine. Recently, α-stannyl triisopropylbenzoates and α-sulfinyl chlorides have emerged as useful building blocks for the iterative homologation of boronic esters. However, α-stannyl benzoates need to be prepared using stoichiometric amounts of the (+)- or (-)-enantiomer of the scarcely available and expensive diamine sparteine; also, these building blocks, together with the byproducts that are generated during homologation, are perceived as being toxic...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803724/implementation-and-outcomes-of-an-evidence-based-precepting-program-for-burn-nurses
#20
Johnnie R Robbins, Krystal K Valdez-Delgado, Nicole W Caldwell, Linda H Yoder, Elizabeth J Hayes, Michaèl G Barba, Hope L Greeley, Colleen Mitchell, Elizabeth A Mann-Salinas
INTRODUCTION: There is significant nationwide interest in transitioning new and new-to-specialty nurses into practice, especially in burn care. Lack of a structured transition program in our Burn Center was recognized as a contributing factor for nursing dissatisfaction and increased turnover compared to other hospital units. Employee evaluations exposed a need for more didactic instruction, hands-on learning, and preceptor support. The goal of this project was to implement an evidence-based transition to practice program specific to the burn specialty...
November 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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