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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645715/agents-mechanisms-and-clinical-features-of-non-scald-burns-in-children-a-prospective-uk-study
#1
E L Johnson, S Maguire, L I Hollén, D Nuttall, D Rea, A M Kemp
AIMS: To inform childhood burn prevention by identifying demographics, clinical features and circumstances of unintentional non-scald burns. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted across Cardiff, Bristol and Manchester, including six emergency departments, three minor injury units and one burns unit between 13/01/2013-01/10/2015. Data collected for children aged <16 years with any burn (scald, contact, flame, radiation, chemical, electrical, friction) included: demographics, circumstances of injury and clinical features...
June 20, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644207/enzymatic-versus-traditional-surgical-debridement-of-severely-burned-hands-a-comparison-of-selectivity-efficacy-healing-time-and-three-month-scar-quality
#2
Alexandra Schulz, Yaron Shoham, Lior Rosenberg, Irene Rothermund, Walther Perbix, Paul Christian Fuchs, Alexandra Lipensky, Jennifer Lynn Schiefer
Severe burns of the hands are extremely challenging, given their anatomic complexity and vulnerability. Although excisional debridement with autografting remains the standard of care (SOC), previous studies have shown that use of enzymatic debridement with bromelain (NexoBrid, EDNX) enables rapid, selective enzymatic debridement, preserving viable tissue. To date, only two studies accruing data on EDNX in this setting have been published. The current study was conducted to compare EDNX with traditional surgical debridement (TSD) of deep dermal and full-thickness hand burns...
July 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644205/the-unrecognized-epidemic-of-electronic-cigarette-burns
#3
Jesus I Ramirez, Catherine A Ridgway, Jeanne G Lee, Bruce M Potenza, Soman Sen, Tina L Palmieri, David G Greenhalgh, Pirko Maguina
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are novel battery-operated devices that deliver nicotine as an inhaled aerosol. They originated from China in 2007 and their use has rapidly increased worldwide in the past decade, yet they remain largely unregulated. Reports of injuries associated with their use have appeared as unusual events in the news media and as case reports in the medical literature. This study was undertaken to explore e-cigarettes as a mechanism of burn injury. Referral records to three burn centers from January 2007 to July 2016 were searched to identify patients with injuries caused by e-cigarettes...
July 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640120/working-hand-syndrome-a-new-definition-of-non-classified-polyneuropathy-condition
#4
Gökhan Özdemir
The aim of this paper was to define an unexplained non-classified polyneuropathy condition as a new neurological disease. This new diagnosis of occupation related polyneuropathy has been named as "WORKING HAND SYNDROME (WHS)."This study collected and compared clinic and electrophysiological analyze data from healthy controls, WHS patients, carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) patients and polyneuropathy patients. The WHS patients presented to the clinic with pain, numbness, tingling, and burning sensations in their hands that increased significantly during rest and nighttime...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627971/moving-on-factors-associated-with-caregivers-bereavement-adjustment-using-a-random-population-based-face-to-face-survey
#5
Emma Burns, Holly G Prigerson, Steve J Quinn, Amy P Abernethy, David C Currow
BACKGROUND: Providing care at end of life has consequences for caregivers' bereavement experience. 'Difficulty moving on with life' is an informative and unbiased symptom of prolonged grief disorder. Predictors of bereaved caregivers' ability to 'move on' have not been examined across the population. AIM: To identify the characteristics of bereaved hands-on caregivers who were, and were not, able to 'move on' 13-60 months after the 'expected' death of someone close...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625273/development-of-a-core-outcome-set-for-disease-modification-trials-in-mild-to-moderate-dementia-a-systematic-review-patient-and-public-consultation-and-consensus-recommendations
#6
Lucy Webster, Derek Groskreutz, Anna Grinbergs-Saull, Rob Howard, John T O'Brien, Gail Mountain, Sube Banerjee, Bob Woods, Robert Perneczky, Louise Lafortune, Charlotte Roberts, Jenny McCleery, James Pickett, Frances Bunn, David Challis, Georgina Charlesworth, Katie Featherstone, Chris Fox, Claire Goodman, Roy Jones, Sallie Lamb, Esme Moniz-Cook, Justine Schneider, Sasha Shepperd, Claire Surr, Jo Thompson-Coon, Clive Ballard, Carol Brayne, Orlaith Burke, Alistair Burns, Linda Clare, Peter Garrard, Patrick Kehoe, Peter Passmore, Clive Holmes, Ian Maidment, Fliss Murtagh, Louise Robinson, Gill Livingston
BACKGROUND: There is currently no disease-modifying treatment available to halt or delay the progression of the disease pathology in dementia. An agreed core set of the best-available and most appropriate outcomes for disease modification would facilitate the design of trials and ensure consistency across disease modification trials, as well as making results comparable and meta-analysable in future trials. OBJECTIVES: To agree a set of core outcomes for disease modification trials for mild to moderate dementia with the UK dementia research community and patient and public involvement (PPI)...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624042/wound-management-and-outcome-of-595-electrical-burns-in-a-major-burn-center
#7
Haisheng Li, Jianglin Tan, Junyi Zhou, Zhiqiang Yuan, Jiaping Zhang, Yizhi Peng, Jun Wu, Gaoxing Luo
BACKGROUND: Electrical burns are important causes of trauma worldwide. This study aims to analyze the clinical characteristics, wound management, and outcome of electric burns. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed at the Institute of Burn Research of the Third Military Medical University during 2013-2015. Data including the demographics, injury patterns, wound treatment, and outcomes were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 595 electrical burn patients (93...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615817/advocacy-and-mass-education-in-plastic-surgery-efforts-and-outcomes
#8
Nikhil Shrikrishna Panse
BACKGROUND: Awareness of plastic surgery is lacking. Be it reconstructive surgery, or aesthetic surgery, public education and awareness regarding the spectrum is the need of the hour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We undertook a string of activities for patient awareness and education for burn prevention, occupational hand injuries prevention, skin banking awareness and various other conditions relevant to us as plastic surgeons. Use of social media helped us for increasing the reach of our projects...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603964/particle-size-influences-on-the-coating-microstructure-through-green-chromia-inclusion-in-plasma-electrolytic-oxidation
#9
Chen-Yu Liu, Dah-Shyang Tsai, Jian-Mao Wang, James T J Tsai, Chen-Chia Chou
In an effort to color the aluminum alloy surface green via plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO), two alkaline solutions have been employed with particulate inclusions and sodium aluminate. Electrolyte I comprises a self-made chromia pigment with a mean particle size 69 nm, whereas electrolyte II contains a commercially available pigment, GN-M, with a larger particle size 351 nm. Both pigments are oxygen deficient Cr2O3-δ of corundum-type structure before coating, the oxidative environment of PEO converts them into stoichiometric Cr2O3...
June 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592937/the-pedicled-groin-flap-in-resurfacing-hand-burn-scar-release-and-other-injuries-a-five-case-series-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
K S Amouzou, N Berny, A El Harti, M Diouri, A Chlihi, M Ezzoubi
XX.
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587755/empathy-loneliness-burnout-and-life-satisfaction-in-chilean-nurses-of-palliative-care-and-homecare-services
#11
Magdalena Marilaf Caro, Montserrat San-Martín, Roberto Delgado-Bolton, Luis Vivanco
INTRODUCTION: Empathy has been described as an essential competence of healthcare professionals who are working in palliative care and homecare services. In these services, usually accompanied by a high risk of physical and emotional burnout, empathy can play an important role in the improvement of occupational wellbeing. The aim of this study was to confirm the role of empathy in the prevention of loneliness and burn out, and in the promotion of life satisfaction. METHODS: In 2016, an observational study was carried out in Chile with professional nurses who were working in palliative care and homecare services...
June 3, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586686/vision-and-lack-of-vision-in-the-ocean
#12
Justin Marshall
As land-locked animals, when we visualise the ocean our mind's eye may see crashing waves or a vast blue expanse stretching to the horizon, a raft of torpedoing penguins, a glimpse of colourful coral reef fish from the shark-free safety of a sandy beach. Underwater, the crystal-clear, and in fact not at all silent, world of Jacques Cousteau, or more recently David Attenborough, is a wonderland that some cannot wait to witness first hand as divers, while others are content to see it on a screen. Spend a bit of time underwater, in the English Channel for example, and a few facts emerge...
June 5, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573748/conditioned-pain-modulation-dampens-the-thermal-grill-illusion
#13
D E Harper, M Hollins
BACKGROUND: The thermal grill illusion (TGI) refers to the perception of burning heat and often pain that arises from simultaneous cutaneous application of innocuous warm and cool stimuli. This study utilized conditioned pain modulation (CPM) to help elucidate the TGI's underlying neural mechanisms, including the debated role of ascending nociceptive signals in generating the illusion. METHODS: To trigger CPM, subjects placed the left hand in noxious cold (6 °C) water before placing the right volar forearm onto a thermal grill...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570312/validation-of-the-ludwigshafen-german-version-of-the-burn-specific-health-scale-brief
#14
Annette Stolle, Sabine Ripper, Janina Magdanz, Bernd Höner, Victoria Struckmann, Ulrich Kneser, Leila Harhaus
The Burn Specific Health Scale-Brief (BSHS-B) is one of the most commonly used instruments to measure quality of life after burns. Our aim was to establish and to provide a German version of the BSHS-B for all German-speaking burn facilities. Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the original English version into the German language was conducted. In a pilot study, 20 burn patients qualitatively validated the translated version concerning comprehensibility and content validity. The final version was then quantitatively validated by 364 patients who were treated in our burn center between 2011 and 2015...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569766/experimental-discrimination-of-ion-stopping-models-near-the-bragg-peak-in-highly-ionized-matter
#15
W Cayzac, A Frank, A Ortner, V Bagnoud, M M Basko, S Bedacht, C Bläser, A Blažević, S Busold, O Deppert, J Ding, M Ehret, P Fiala, S Frydrych, D O Gericke, L Hallo, J Helfrich, D Jahn, E Kjartansson, A Knetsch, D Kraus, G Malka, N W Neumann, K Pépitone, D Pepler, S Sander, G Schaumann, T Schlegel, N Schroeter, D Schumacher, M Seibert, An Tauschwitz, J Vorberger, F Wagner, S Weih, Y Zobus, M Roth
The energy deposition of ions in dense plasmas is a key process in inertial confinement fusion that determines the α-particle heating expected to trigger a burn wave in the hydrogen pellet and resulting in high thermonuclear gain. However, measurements of ion stopping in plasmas are scarce and mostly restricted to high ion velocities where theory agrees with the data. Here, we report experimental data at low projectile velocities near the Bragg peak, where the stopping force reaches its maximum. This parameter range features the largest theoretical uncertainties and conclusive data are missing until today...
June 1, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561236/-quo-vadis-dgpr%C3%A3-c-associated-members-goals-for-the-future
#16
Jonas Kolbenschlag, Felix Paprottka, Juri Wagner, Ole Goertz, Jutta Liebau, Adrien Daigeler, Raymund E Horch, Marcus Lehnhardt
Plastic surgery is extremely diverse and offers various fields of work. To provide optimal support for plastic surgeons in training, it is therefore paramount to know their mid- and long-term goals. To that end, we conducted a web-based survey among the 462 associated members of the German Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons (DGPRÄC). Besides asking questions about the current status, we specifically inquired about the pursued setting and main area of work. 84 completed questionnaires were evaluated...
May 30, 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561172/-delayed-post-burn-scar-reconstruction-of-the-dorsum-of-the-hand-with-a-collagen-elastin-based-dermal-substitute-and-split-skin-graft
#17
Patricia Beatrice Lebo, Martin Grohmann, Lars Kamolz
The hands are involved in more than 80% of severe (grade IIb-III) burn accidents. Even if appropriate initial surgical care is provided in a timely manner, this does not necessarily guarantee a satisfactory outcome in terms of function and aesthetics if interdisciplinary postoperative care and patient compliance are inadequate. In the following case, a grade IIb-III burn, this led to unstable scars on the back of both hands and an intrinsic-minus hand position, bilaterally. Our case study demonstrates that even a delayed reconstruction with a collagen- elastin-based dermal substitute and split-skin graft combined with appropriate interdisciplinary postoperative care may lead to an excellent result comparable with the function and aesthetics of healthy hands, albeit with a significant effort...
April 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551844/a-pilot-study-of-minocycline-for-the-prevention-of-paclitaxel-associated-neuropathy-accru-study-ru221408i
#18
Deirdre R Pachman, Travis Dockter, Patricia J Zekan, Briant Fruth, Kathryn J Ruddy, Lauren E Ta, Jacqueline M Lafky, Todor Dentchev, Nguyet Anh Le-Lindqwister, William M Sikov, Nathan Staff, Andreas S Beutler, Charles L Loprinzi
PURPOSE: Paclitaxel is associated with both an acute pain syndrome (P-APS) and chronic chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). Given that extensive animal data suggest that minocycline may prevent chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicity, the purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the efficacy of minocycline for the prevention of CIPN and the P-APS. METHODS: Patients with breast cancer were enrolled prior to initiating neoadjuvant or adjuvant weekly paclitaxel for 12 weeks and were randomized to receive minocycline 200 mg on day 1 followed by 100 mg twice daily or a matching placebo...
May 27, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543948/the-physics-of-mri-safety
#19
REVIEW
Lawrence P Panych, Bruno Madore
The main risks associated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been extensively reported and studied; for example, everyday objects may turn into projectiles, energy deposition can cause burns, varying fields can induce nerve stimulation, and loud noises can lead to auditory loss. The present review article is geared toward providing intuition about the physical mechanisms that give rise to these risks. On the one hand, excellent literature already exists on the practical aspect of risk management, with clinical workflow and recommendations...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541877/erythromelalgia-involving-the-face
#20
Rachel R Gilmore, Danielle S Applebaum, Jessica L Parsons, Sylvia Hsu
Erythromelalgia is a rare disorder characterized by burning pain, erythema, and increased temperature typically involving the distal extremities. Although it can progress to involve the face, erythromelalgia presenting only on the face is particularly rare. This disorder is often misdiagnosed when it presents on the extremities and is even more likely to be misdiagnosed when presenting only on the face, delaying appropriate treatment and causing considerable frustration for the patient. We report a case of a 26-year-old woman with erythromelalgia that involved only the face for a number of years and was treated unsuccessfully as rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis, and contact dermatitis...
April 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
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