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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522185/orofacial-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-pathophysiologic-mechanisms-and-functional-mri
#1
Yeon-Hee Lee, Kyung Mi Lee, Hyug-Gi Kim, Soo-Kyung Kang, Q-Schick Auh, Jyung-Pyo Hong, Yang-Hyun Chun
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is one of the most challenging chronic pain conditions and is characterized by burning pain, allodynia, hyperalgesia, autonomic changes, trophic changes, edema, and functional loss involving mainly the extremities. Until recently, very few reports have been published concerning CRPS involving the orofacial area. We report on a 50-year-old female patient who presented with unbearable pain in all of her teeth and hypersensitivity of the facial skin. She also reported intractable pain in both extremities accompanied by temperature changes and orofacial pain that increased when the other pains were aggravated...
March 14, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515727/basics-of-radiation-biology-when-treating-hyperproliferative-benign-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Franz Rödel, Claudia Fournier, Julia Wiedemann, Felicitas Merz, Udo S Gaipl, Benjamin Frey, Ludwig Keilholz, M Heinrich Seegenschmiedt, Claus Rödel, Stephanie Hehlgans
For decades, low- and moderate-dose radiation therapy (RT) has been shown to exert a beneficial therapeutic effect in a multitude of non-malignant conditions including painful degenerative muscoloskeletal and hyperproliferative disorders. Dupuytren and Ledderhose diseases are benign fibroproliferative diseases of the hand/foot with fibrotic nodules and fascial cords, which determine debilitating contractures and deformities of fingers/toes, while keloids are exuberant scar formations following burn damage, surgery, and trauma...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512630/hand-grasping-synergies-as-biometrics
#3
Vrajeshri Patel, Poojita Thukral, Martin K Burns, Ionut Florescu, Rajarathnam Chandramouli, Ramana Vinjamuri
Recently, the need for more secure identity verification systems has driven researchers to explore other sources of biometrics. This includes iris patterns, palm print, hand geometry, facial recognition, and movement patterns (hand motion, gait, and eye movements). Identity verification systems may benefit from the complexity of human movement that integrates multiple levels of control (neural, muscular, and kinematic). Using principal component analysis, we extracted spatiotemporal hand synergies (movement synergies) from an object grasping dataset to explore their use as a potential biometric...
2017: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511689/harnessing-interactive-technologies-to-improve-health-outcomes-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#4
REVIEW
Andrea Coda, Dean Sculley, Derek Santos, Xavier Girones, Lucie Brosseau, Derek R Smith, Joshua Burns, Keith Rome, Jane Munro, Davinder Singh-Grewal
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) typically have reduced physical activity level and impaired aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity when compared to their non-JIA counterparts. Low intensity exercise regimens appear to be safe in children with JIA and may results in improvements in overall physical function. Poor adherence to paediatric rheumatology treatment may lead to negative clinical outcomes and possibly increased disease activity. This includes symptoms such as pain, fatigue, quality of life, longer term outcomes including joint damage, as well as increase of healthcare associated costs...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495236/fireworks-type-injury-pattern-and-permanent-impairment-following-severe-fireworks-related-injuries
#5
Brinkley K Sandvall, Lauren Jacobson, Erin A Miller, Ryan E Dodge, D Alex Quistberg, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Monica S Vavilala, Jeffrey B Friedrich, Kari A Keys
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of clinical data on severe fireworks-related injuries, and the relationship between firework types, injury patterns, and magnitude of impairment is not well understood. Our objective was to describe the relationship between fireworks type, injury patterns, and impairment. METHODS: Retrospective case series (2005-2015) of patients who sustained consumer fireworks-related injuries requiring hospital admission and/or an operation at a Level 1 Trauma/Burn Center...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494261/relationship-between-physical-performance-and-self-reported-function-in-healthy-individuals-across-the-lifespan
#6
Jennifer N Baldwin, Marnee J McKay, Claire E Hiller, Niamh Moloney, Elizabeth J Nightingale, Joshua Burns
BACKGROUND: Functional outcome measures in clinical trials of musculoskeletal conditions need to be meaningful to individuals. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between physical performance and self/proxy-reported function in 1000 healthy children and adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study (1000 Norms Project). METHODS: One thousand males and females aged 3-101 years, healthy by self-report and without major physical disability, were recruited...
May 2, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490791/intact-word-processing-in-developmental-prosopagnosia
#7
Edwin J Burns, Rachel J Bennetts, Sarah Bate, Victoria C Wright, Christoph T Weidemann, Jeremy J Tree
A wealth of evidence from behavioural, neuropsychological and neuroimaging research supports the view that face recognition is reliant upon a domain-specific network that does not process words. In contrast, the recent many-to-many model of visual recognition posits that brain areas involved in word and face recognition are functionally integrated. Developmental prosopagnosia (DP) is characterised by severe deficits in the recognition of faces, which the many-to-many model predicts should negatively affect word recognition...
May 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480384/evaluation-of-effectiveness-in-a-novel-wound-healing-ointment-crocodile-oil-burn-ointment
#8
Hua-Liang Li, Yi-Tao Deng, Zi-Ran Zhang, Qi-Rui Fu, Ya-Hui Zheng, Xing-Mei Cao, Jing Nie, Li-Wen Fu, Li-Ping Chen, You-Xiong Xiong, Dong-Yan Shen, Qing-Xi Chen
BACKGROUND: Crocodile oil and its products are used as ointments for burns and scalds in traditional medicines. A new ointment formulation - crocodile oil burn ointment (COBO) was developed to provide more efficient wound healing activity. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the burn healing efficacy of this new formulation by employing deep second-degree burns in a Wistar rat model. The analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of COBO were also studied to provide some evidences for its further use...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475518/palisaded-neutrophilic-and-granulomatous-dermatitis-interstitial-granulomatous-dermatitis-overlap-a-striking-clinical-and-histologic-presentation-with-burning-rope-sign-and-subsequent-mirror-image-contralateral-recurrence
#9
Malan Kern, Mallory B Shiver, Kristen M Addis, Jerad M Gardner
Palisaded neutrophilic and granulomatous dermatitis and interstitial granulomatous dermatitis are uncommon granulomatous dermatoses that often arise in association with rheumatoid arthritis. These 2 entities have overlapping features and may exist on a spectrum. We report an intriguing case of a 53-year-old man with advanced rheumatoid arthritis who presented with a large indurated painful truncal plaque with a palpable cord in addition to a papulonodular eruption on his dorsal hands. Furthermore, our patient had a recurrence in a near-identical mirror-image pattern on the contralateral trunk...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473269/total-body-and-hand-surface-area-measurements-calculations-and-comparisons-in-ethnically-diverse-children-in-south-africa
#10
Sharon Cox, Keely Kriho, Storm De Klerk, Monique van Dijk, Heinz Rode
AIM: The aim was to investigate hand surface as a percentage of body surface area from infancy to 13 years of age using physical measurement and digital planimetry and establish the influence of age, gender, BMI for age and ethnicity, specifically in the South African population. A secondary aim included the development of a template for burn size measurement. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional observational study. Demographic information was obtained from each participant...
May 1, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471550/-retrospective-study-of-epidemiological-and-clinical-characteristics-of-pediatric-burns-in-the-chu-li%C3%A3-ge-burn-center
#11
A Taxhet, D Jacquemin
In Belgium, epidemiological data are rare, and most often extrapolated, for burn injuries, especially in the pediatrician population. The purpose of this study was to obtain data for the pediatrician population in Liege. It retrospectively analyzed burns in the pediatrician population treated in the Burn Center Liege, during five years. Overall 844 patients (379 girls, 465 boys) were included for the first part of this study (burns localization and etiology, sex ratio, age), with a mean age of 4.2 years old...
April 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470640/vermeidung-von-feuer-brand-explosion-im-op
#12
Hartmut Gehring, Klaas Rackebrandt
The combination of an oxidant source, ignition energy and flammable material is the reason for fire, burning and explosion (FBE) in the OR. Attending anaesthesiologists face these risks in their daily routine. Mostly, a situation with FBE arises in an unexpected situation. It is essential to have at hand a catalogue of measures to prevent severe injuries to patients and avoid material damages. There is a systematic way to decrease the risk: awareness and definition of high-risk situations; team work; building up a strategy to avoid the occurrence of fire, burning and explosion in high-risk situations...
April 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463574/temporal-and-spatial-characteristics-of-post-silent-period-electromyographic-bursting-in-low-back-muscles-comparison-between-persons-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#13
Emma Burns, Lucy S Chipchase, Siobhan M Schabrun
Purpose/aim: Recently, a novel measure of cortical disinhibition was identified using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). This measure, described as post silent period electromyographic (EMG) bursting, may inform on the corticomotor control of movement in health and disease, however it has not been investigated for muscles outside the hand or in musculoskeletal conditions. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the temporal and spatial characteristics of 'EMG bursting' in individuals with and without low back pain (LBP)...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461226/clinical-and-functional-characteristics-of-people-with-chronic-and-recent-onset-plantar-heel-pain
#14
Allegra Barnes, Justin Sullivan, Evangelos Pappas, Roger Adams, Joshua Burns
BACKGROUND: Plantar heel pain is a common condition that reduces health-related quality of life. Recovery usually occurs within 12 months; however, up to 20 percent of people remain symptomatic beyond this time-frame. The level of pain and function in this chronic heel pain group is not well described. OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical and functional characteristics associated with chronic plantar heel pain compared with heel pain of recent onset. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study SETTING: University research laboratory and private physiotherapy clinic PARTICIPANTS: A total of 71 people with plantar heel pain for longer than 12 months and 64 people with plantar heel pain for less than 6 months were recruited from the general public...
April 28, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445000/vegetation-response-to-control-of-invasive-tamarix-in-southwestern-us-rivers-a-collaborative-study-including-416-sites
#15
Eduardo González, Anna A Sher, Robert M Anderson, Robin F Bay, Daniel W Bean, Gabriel J Bissonnete, Bérenger Bourgeois, David J Cooper, Kara Dohrenwend, Kim D Eichhorst, Hisham El Waer, Deborah K Kennard, Rebecca Harms-Weissinger, Annie L Henry, Lori J Makarick, Steven M Ostoja, Lindsay V Reynolds, W Wright Robinson, Patrick B Shafroth
Most studies assessing vegetation response following control of invasive Tamarix trees along southwestern U.S. rivers have been small in scale (e.g., river reach), or at a regional scale but with poor spatial-temporal replication, and most have not included testing the effects of a now widely-used biological control. We monitored plant composition following Tamarix control along hydrologic, soil and climatic gradients in 244 treated and 172 reference sites across six U.S. States. This represents the largest comprehensive assessment to date on the vegetation response to the four most common Tamarix control treatments...
April 26, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443378/toxicity-resulting-from-exposure-to-oven-cleaners-as-reported-to-the-uk-national-poisons-information-service-npis-from-2009-to-2015
#16
Rachael C Day, Sally M Bradberry, Euan A Sandilands, Simon H L Thomas, John P Thompson, J Allister Vale
INTRODUCTION: Oven cleaning products contain corrosive substances, typically sodium or potassium hydroxide. OBJECTIVE: To determine the reported toxicity from exposure to oven cleaning products. METHODS: Telephone enquiries to the UK National Poisons Information Service regarding oven cleaning products were analysed retrospectively for the period January 2009 to December 2015. RESULTS: There were 796 enquiries relating to 780 patients...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443277/pediatric-hand-surgery-training-in-nicaragua-a-sustainable-model-of-surgical-education-in-a-resource-poor-environment
#17
Mary Claire B Manske, Jairo J Rios Roque, Gabriel Ramos Zelaya, Michelle A James
Recent reports have demonstrated that nearly two-thirds of the world's population do not have access to adequate surgical care, a burden that is borne disproportionately by residents of resource-poor countries. Although the reasons for limited access to surgical care are complex and multi-factorial, among the most substantial barriers is the lack of trained surgical providers. This is particularly true in surgical subspecialties that focus on life-improving, rather than life-saving, treatments, such as pediatric hand and upper extremity surgery, which manages such conditions as congenital malformations, trauma and post-traumatic deformities including burns, and neuromuscular conditions (brachial plexus birth palsy, spinal cord injury, and cerebral palsy)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442868/use-of-biobrane-glove-finger-sleeves-on-nonintended-burn-wounds-of-the-hand-a-cost-saving-method
#18
Esther Tan, H J Lee, S J Chong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435478/disseminated-extrafacial-rosacea-with-papulonecrotic-lesions
#19
Toshio Demitsu, Rieko Tsukahara, Naoka Umemoto, Satoshi Nakamura, Kazutaka Nagashima, Tomoko Yamada, Maki Kakurai, Yoshiaki Tanaka, Akihiro Kakehashi, Toshiko Miyata
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a common skin disease and predominantly affects on the face of middle-aged women. It exceptionally occurs on the extrafacial areas such as ear, neck, axilla, and upper extremities, and has been reported as disseminated rosacea. MAIN OBSERVATION: A 40-year-old Japanese female presented with one-month history of erythematous skin eruption with burning sensation on the face, neck, and upper limbs. Physical examination showed rosacea-like eruption on the face as well as multiple papules disseminated on the neck, forearms, and hands...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422897/outcomes-associated-with-blast-versus-nonblast-related-traumatic-brain-injury-in-us-military-service-members-and-veterans-a-systematic-review
#20
Nancy Greer, Nina Sayer, Eva Koeller, Tina Velasquez, Timothy J Wilt
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature on comparative clinical and functional outcomes following blast-related versus nonblast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) among US service members and Veterans. DESIGN: MEDLINE search (January 2001 to June 2016) supplemented with hand search of reference lists and input from peer reviewers. RESULTS: Thirty-one studies (in 33 articles) reported on health outcomes; only 2 were rated low risk of bias...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
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