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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445000/vegetation-response-to-control-of-invasive-tamarix-in-southwestern-us-rivers-a-collaborative-study-including-416-sites
#1
Eduardo González, Anna A Sher, Robert M Anderson, Robin F Bay, Daniel W Bean, Gabriel J Bissonnete, Bérenger Bourgeois, David J Cooper, Kara Dohrenwend, Kim D Eichhorst, Hisham El Waer, Deborah K Kennard, Rebecca Harms-Weissinger, Annie L Henry, Lori J Makarick, Steven M Ostoja, Lindsay V Reynolds, W Wright Robinson, Patrick B Shafroth
Most studies assessing vegetation response following control of invasive Tamarix trees along southwestern U.S. rivers have been small in scale (e.g., river reach), or at a regional scale but with poor spatial-temporal replication, and most have not included testing the effects of a now widely-used biological control. We monitored plant composition following Tamarix control along hydrologic, soil and climatic gradients in 244 treated and 172 reference sites across six U.S. States. This represents the largest comprehensive assessment to date on the vegetation response to the four most common Tamarix control treatments...
April 26, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443378/toxicity-resulting-from-exposure-to-oven-cleaners-as-reported-to-the-uk-national-poisons-information-service-npis-from-2009-to-2015
#2
Rachael C Day, Sally M Bradberry, Euan A Sandilands, Simon H L Thomas, John P Thompson, J Allister Vale
INTRODUCTION: Oven cleaning products contain corrosive substances, typically sodium or potassium hydroxide. OBJECTIVE: To determine the reported toxicity from exposure to oven cleaning products. METHODS: Telephone enquiries to the UK National Poisons Information Service regarding oven cleaning products were analysed retrospectively for the period January 2009 to December 2015. RESULTS: There were 796 enquiries relating to 780 patients...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443277/pediatric-hand-surgery-training-in-nicaragua-a-sustainable-model-of-surgical-education-in-a-resource-poor-environment
#3
Mary Claire B Manske, Jairo J Rios Roque, Gabriel Ramos Zelaya, Michelle A James
Recent reports have demonstrated that nearly two-thirds of the world's population do not have access to adequate surgical care, a burden that is borne disproportionately by residents of resource-poor countries. Although the reasons for limited access to surgical care are complex and multi-factorial, among the most substantial barriers is the lack of trained surgical providers. This is particularly true in surgical subspecialties that focus on life-improving, rather than life-saving, treatments, such as pediatric hand and upper extremity surgery, which manages such conditions as congenital malformations, trauma and post-traumatic deformities including burns, and neuromuscular conditions (brachial plexus birth palsy, spinal cord injury, and cerebral palsy)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442868/use-of-biobrane-glove-finger-sleeves-on-nonintended-burn-wounds-of-the-hand-a-cost-saving-method
#4
Esther Tan, H J Lee, S J Chong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435478/disseminated-extrafacial-rosacea-with-papulonecrotic-lesions
#5
Toshio Demitsu, Rieko Tsukahara, Naoka Umemoto, Satoshi Nakamura, Kazutaka Nagashima, Tomoko Yamada, Maki Kakurai, Yoshiaki Tanaka, Akihiro Kakehashi, Toshiko Miyata
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a common skin disease and predominantly affects on the face of middle-aged women. It exceptionally occurs on the extrafacial areas such as ear, neck, axilla, and upper extremities, and has been reported as disseminated rosacea. MAIN OBSERVATION: A 40-year-old Japanese female presented with one-month history of erythematous skin eruption with burning sensation on the face, neck, and upper limbs. Physical examination showed rosacea-like eruption on the face as well as multiple papules disseminated on the neck, forearms, and hands...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422897/outcomes-associated-with-blast-versus-nonblast-related-traumatic-brain-injury-in-us-military-service-members-and-veterans-a-systematic-review
#6
Nancy Greer, Nina Sayer, Eva Koeller, Tina Velasquez, Timothy J Wilt
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature on comparative clinical and functional outcomes following blast-related versus nonblast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) among US service members and Veterans. DESIGN: MEDLINE search (January 2001 to June 2016) supplemented with hand search of reference lists and input from peer reviewers. RESULTS: Thirty-one studies (in 33 articles) reported on health outcomes; only 2 were rated low risk of bias...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413115/rate-of-contamination-of-hospital-privacy-curtains-on-a-burns-and-plastic-surgery-ward-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
K Shek, R Patidar, Z Kohja, S Liu, J P Gawaziuk, M Gawthrop, A Kumar, S Logsetty
BACKGROUND: Surfaces in the patient environment may play a role in microbial transmission if they become colonized by bacteria. Patient privacy curtains are one such surface that may pose a high risk for transmission because they are high-contact surfaces, are infrequently cleaned, and healthcare workers are less likely to wash their hands after contacting inanimate objects such as curtains. AIM: To determine the amount and type of bacterial colonization of patient privacy curtains at a regional burns/plastic surgery unit...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413109/development-of-an-integrative-algorithm-for-the-treatment-of-various-stages-of-full-thickness-burns-of-the-first-commissure-of-the-hand
#8
Valentin Yuste, Julio Delgado, Alberto Agullo, Jose Mauel Sampietro
Burns of the first commissure of the hand can evolve into an adduction contracture of the thumb. We decided to conduct a review of the existing literature on the treatment of full-thickness burns of the first commissure in order to develop a treatment algorithm that integrates the various currently available procedures. A search of the existing literature was conducted, focusing on the treatment of a burn of the first commissure in its chronic and acute phases. A total of 29 relevant articles were selected; 24 focused exclusively on the chronic contracture stage, while 3 focused exclusively on the acute burn stage, and 2 articles studied both stages...
April 13, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402998/the-gaza-hand-board
#9
Louai Harb, Mohammed Wadi, Yvette Godwin
This article describes an economical, versatile hand board that was conceived in Gaza during a surgical mission in the absence of commercially available hand holding devices. It was initially created to allow access and immobilization of the hand when addressing volar digital burn contractures. It has been applied subsequently during 5 further missions and now forms a standard part of our surgical kit. We present it to provide others with an easy solution should they need to release complex hand contractures and not have any assistant or instrument to immobilize the hand...
May 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390373/electronic-spectra-and-excited-state-dynamics-of-acridine-and-its-hydrated-clusters
#10
Colin Harthcock, Jie Zhang, Wei Kong, Masaaki Mitsui, Yasuhiro Ohshima
We combine results from several different experiments to investigate the photophysics of acridine (Ac) and its hydrated clusters in the gas phase. Our findings are also compared with results from condensed phase studies. Similar to measurements of Ac dissolved in hydrocarbons, the lifetime of the first electronically excited state of isolated Ac in vacuum is too short for typical resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) and laser induced fluorescence (LIF) experiments, hence no signal from REMPI and LIF can be attributed to monomeric Ac...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381558/gain-of-function-mutation-of-a-voltage-gated-sodium-channel-nav1-7-associated-with-peripheral-pain-and-impaired-limb-development
#11
Brian S Tanaka, Phuong T Nguyen, Eray Yihui Zhou, Yong Yang, Vladimir Yarov-Yarovoy, Sulayman D Dib-Hajj, Stephen G Waxman
Dominant mutations in voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.7 cause inherited erythromelalgia (IEM), a debilitating pain disorder characterized by severe burning pain and redness of the distal extremities. NaV1.7 is preferentially expressed within peripheral sensory and sympathetic neurons. Here, we describe a novel NaV1.7 mutation in an 11-year old male with under-development of the limbs, recurrent attacks of burning pain with erythema and swelling in his feet and hands. Frequency and duration of the episodes gradually increased with age and relief by cooling became less effective...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374087/orienting-attention-in-visual-space-by-nociceptive-stimuli-investigation-with-a-temporal-order-judgment-task-based-on-the-adaptive-psi-method
#12
Lieve Filbrich, Andrea Alamia, Soline Burns, Valéry Legrain
Despite their high relevance for defending the integrity of the body, crossmodal links between nociception, the neural system specifically coding potentially painful information, and vision are still poorly studied, especially the effects of nociception on visual perception. This study investigated if, and in which time window, a nociceptive stimulus can attract attention to its location on the body, independently of voluntary control, to facilitate the processing of visual stimuli occurring in the same side of space as the limb on which the visual stimulus was applied...
April 3, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368916/topical-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-of-burned-hands-functional-outcomes
#13
Denis Ehrl, Paul I Heidekrueger, P Niclas Broer, Holger C Erne
Extensive partial- and full-thickness burns, especially of the hands, continue to pose a surgical challenge. With improved knowledge regarding fluid balance, burn pathophysiology, and lately also given the introduction of topical negative pressure wound (TNPW) therapy, treatment regimes have changed in many burn centers. The authors evaluated the results regarding long-term outcomes of patients with partial- and full-thickness burns of the hands treated with TNPW. Over a period of 72 months, 51 patients with 80 hand burns received TNPW treatment...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363664/evaluating-accuracy-and-reliability-of-active-stereophotogrammetry-using-mavis-iii-wound-camera-for-three-dimensional-assessment-of-hypertrophic-scars
#14
Samuel Su, Sarthak Sinha, Vincent Gabriel
OBJECTIVE: Current strategies for estimating positive scar volume following burns is limited to employing subjective scar scales. This study assesses the accuracy and reliability of Measurement of Area and Volume Instrument System (MAVIS) III, a portable 3D active stereophotogrammetric imaging system, for non-invasive assessment of hypertrophic scar volume and elucidates factors that leads to inaccurate volume determination. METHODS: To determine accuracy, hypertrophic scars arising in various skin and wound types were modeled using moldable putty substance...
March 28, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363304/international-disease-burden-of-hand-burns-perspective-from-the-global-health-arena
#15
REVIEW
Daniel S Corlew, K A Kelly McQueen
Measuring the extent and impact of a health problem is key to being able to address it appropriately. This review uses available information within the framework of the Global Burden of Disease studies to estimate the disease burden due to burn injuries of the hands. The GBD indicates that since 1990 there has been an approximately 30% decrease in the disease burden related to burn injuries. The GBD methods have not been applied specifically to hand burns, but from available data, it is estimated that about 18 million people in the world suffer from sequelae of burns to the hands...
May 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363303/outcomes-assessment-after-hand-burns
#16
REVIEW
Shepard P Johnson, Kevin C Chung
Accurately assessing function and disability after hand burns is imperative to improving the management of patients. The biological, social, and psychological impact of these injuries should be considered. The International Classification of Functioning Disability (ICF) and Health Core Sets for Hand Conditions provides a guide to what should be measured and reported. Although many outcomes measures instruments are available to assess patients with hand or burn injuries, few are validated in the subpopulation of hand burns...
May 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363300/microsurgical-reconstruction-of-the-burned-hand-and-upper-extremity
#17
REVIEW
Mauricio De la Garza, Michael Sauerbier, Germann Günter, Curtis L Cetrulo, Reuben A Bueno, Robert C Russell, Michael W Neumeister
Improvements in critical care and burn victim resuscitation have led to increased survival of burned patients. Initial resuscitation, early excision of burned tissues, prevention of burn wound sepsis, and wound coverage remain mainstays of care. Many burn wounds require complex reconstruction. This is particularly important in the hand. Coverage of tendons, ligaments, joints, vessels, nerves, and bones of the hand requires healthy vascularized tissue to maintain viability and function. Local flaps or regional flaps may be within the burn zone of injury...
May 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363299/reconstruction-of-the-adult-and-pediatric-burned-hand
#18
REVIEW
Ryan P Cauley, Lydia A Helliwell, Matthias B Donelan, Kyle R Eberlin
Thermal injuries of the hand can have a great impact on function. Initial treatment should focus on the prevention of contracture through the use of tissue-sparing techniques and optimized occupational therapy. Surgical intervention should follow the standard reconstructive ladder and can involve several techniques from simple to complex including minimally invasive techniques, such as laser and steroid injection, contracture release and skin grafting, and local tissue rearrangement and regional flaps as well as distant pedicled and free flaps...
May 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363298/postburn-contractures-of-the-hand
#19
REVIEW
Matthew Brown, Kevin C Chung
Postburn contractures are a common occurrence after severe burn injuries. It is important to understand the pathologic condition and anatomy of specific postburn deformities in order to provide comprehensive surgical care. Postburn contractures can result in a flexion contracture, boutonniere deformity, burn syndactyly, metacarpophalangeal extension contracture, wrist contracture, or claw hand. A patient evaluation is performed before proceeding to the operating room. Surgery sequences require proper incision design, release of the skin, and deeper contracted structures and coverage with an appropriate flap or graft...
May 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363297/scar-management-of-the-burned-hand
#20
REVIEW
Michael Sorkin, David Cholok, Benjamin Levi
Burn injury can result in hypertrophic scar formation that can lead to debilitating functional deficits and poor aesthetic outcomes. Although nonoperative modalities in the early phase of scar maturation are critical to minimize hypertrophic scar formation, surgical management is often indicated to restore hand function. The essential tenant of operative scar management is release of tension, which can often be achieved through local tissue rearrangement. Laser therapy has emerged as a central pillar of subsequent scar rehabilitation...
May 2017: Hand Clinics
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