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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165056/citrinin-induces-apoptosis-in-human-hct116-colon-cancer-cells-through-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#1
Amal Salah, Chayma Bouaziz, Alexandre Prola, Julie Pires Da Silva, Hassen Bacha, Salwa Abid-Essefi, Christophe Lemaire
The mycotoxin citrinin (CTN) is a natural contaminant of various human foods that may produce serious adverse health problems. Several studies demonstrated that citrinin exerts cytotoxic and genotoxic effects in both in vivo and in vitro systems. However, the precise mechanisms of action (MOA), particularly in intestinal cells remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to examine the precise MOA of citrinin in vitro. Data demonstrated that CTN significantly decreased the number of viable human intestinal HCT116 cells and induced apoptotic events including (1) decrease in ΔѰm indicative of mitochondrial membrane permeabilization, (2) activation of caspase 3, (3) elevated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and (4) relative persistence of plasma membrane integrity...
2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164984/salvianolic-acid-a-a-novel-pi3k-akt-inhibitor-induces-cell-apoptosis-and-suppresses-tumor-growth-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#2
Renzhi Pei, Ting Si, Ying Lu, Jeff Xiwu Zhou, Lei Jiang
Salvianolic acid A (SAA), one of the main derivatives of Salvia miltiorrhiza, has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic activities. Its role in inhibiting tumor growth, however, remains elusive. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of SAA on acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Here, SAA showed a dose-dependent cell viability inhibition and apoptosis induction in AML cells. At the molecular level, SAA increased the expression of Bak and decreased the expression of Bcl-xL, following by PARP cleavage and caspase-3 activation...
November 22, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164887/pterostilbene-enhances-trail-induced-apoptosis-through-the-induction-of-death-receptors-and-downregulation-of-cell-survival-proteins-in-trail-resistance-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells
#3
Chao-Ming Hung, Liang-Chih Liu, Chi-Tang Ho, Ying-Chao Lin, Tzong-Der Way
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-induced ligand (TRAIL) is nontoxic to normal cells and preferentially cytotoxic to cancer cells. However, recent data suggest that malignant breast cancer cells tend to be resistant to TRAIL. Pterostilbene (PTER), a natural dimethylated analog of resveratrol, is known to have diverse pharmacologic activities, including anticancer properties. In the present study, we investigated whether PTER affects TRAIL-induced apoptosis and its mechanism in TRAIL-resistant triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163690/delisheng-induces-antiproliferation-and-apoptosis-effects-in-hep3b-cells-via-modulation-of-angiogenic-proteins
#4
Hai-Feng Sun, Li Jing, Tao Wu, Ming Li, Ya-Huan Guo, Hui Guo, Zheng Zhao, Min-Cong Wang, Shu-Hong Wang, Ke-Jun Nan
Delisheng is a widely used antineoplastic agent in China. Although previous studies revealed that Delisheng exhibits numerous pharmacological effects including the inhibition of cancer cell differentiation and enhancement of immune function with the lowest toxicity, the precise anticancer mechanisms of Delisheng in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells remains largely unknown. The present study investigated the potential mechanisms underlying the anticancer properties of Delisheng on Hep3B cells. Delisheng demonstrated a strong anti-proliferation effect on Hep3B cells compared with normal liver HL-7702 cells, as detected by MTT assays...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163689/aurora-kinase-a-inhibitor-tcs7010-demonstrates-pro-apoptotic-effect-through-the-unfolded-protein-response-pathway-in-hct116-colon-cancer-cells
#5
Da Hyun Lee, Chang Gun Kim, Yoongho Lim, Soon Young Shin
Aurora kinase A (AURKA) is essential for regulating mitosis and is frequently amplified in various cancer cell types. However, the effect of AURKA inhibition on the induction of apoptosis remains unclear. In the present study, it was reported that treatment with TCS7010, a specific inhibitor of AURKA, resulted in the accumulation of cells in the sub-G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle and increased the percentage of annexin V-binding cells. The cleavage of caspase-2, caspase-7, and poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) significantly increased in a time-dependent manner following TCS7010 treatment...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163178/nf-%C3%AE%C2%BA%C3%AE-a-potential-target-in-the-management-of-vascular-complications-of-diabetes
#6
REVIEW
Sachin V Suryavanshi, Yogesh A Kulkarni
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder affecting large percentage of population worldwide. NF-κβ plays key role in pathogenesis of vascular complications of diabetes. Persistent hyperglycemia activates NF-κβ that triggers expression of various cytokines, chemokines and cell adhesion molecules. Over-expression of TNF-α, interleukins, TGF-β, Bcl2 and other pro-inflammatory proteins and pro-apoptotic genes by NF-κβ is key risk factor in vascular dysfunction. NF-κβ over-expression also triggers calcification of endothelial cells leading to endothelial dysfunction and further vascular complications...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163157/a-dual-role-of-p53-in-regulating-colistin-induced-autophagy-in-pc-12-cells
#7
Ziyin Lu, Chunli Chen, Zhiyong Wu, Yusong Miao, Ishfaq Muhammad, Liangjun Ding, Erjie Tian, Wanjun Hu, Huilin Ni, Rui Li, Bo Wang, Jichang Li
This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of p53 in regulating colistin-induced autophagy in PC-12 cells. Importantly, cells were treated with 125 μg/ml colistin for 12 and 24 h after transfection with p53 siRNA or recombinant plasmid. The hallmarks of autophagy and apoptosis were examined by real-time PCR and western blot, fluorescence/immunofluorescence microscopy, and electron microscopy. The results showed that silencing of p53 leads to down-regulation of Atg5 and beclin1 for 12 h while up-regulation at 24 h and up-regulation of p62 noted...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162939/intravesicular-administration-of-sodium-hyaluronate-ameliorates-the-inflammation-and-cell-proliferation-of-cystitis-cystica-et-glandularis-involving-interleukin-6-jak2-stat3-signaling-pathway
#8
Yongliang Ni, Shaohua Zhao, Xiaoxuan Yin, Haixin Wang, Qianqian Guang, Guangxia Hu, Yi Yang, Shoubin Jiao, Benkang Shi
Cystitis cystica et glandularis (CCEG) is a chronic cystitis that causes extreme agony in affected patients. However, there are lack of effective conservative treatments. In this study, it is evident that intravesicular sodium hyaluronate (SH) therapy significantly improved the clinical symptoms of CCEG patients and ameliorated the bladder mucosal inflammation and cell proliferation characteristics of the disease. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the staining intensities of hyaluronidase (HYAL 1/2), CD44, IL-6 and phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-Stat3) in bladder mucosal tissue were significantly increased in CCEG patients compared with control patients and that intravesicular SH treatment suppressed these protein expression...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162920/the-corepressor-ncor1-regulates-the-survival-of-single-positive-thymocytes
#9
Lena Müller, Daniela Hainberger, Valentina Stolz, Patricia Hamminger, Hammad Hassan, Teresa Preglej, Nicole Boucheron, Shinya Sakaguchi, G Jan Wiegers, Andreas Villunger, Johan Auwerx, Wilfried Ellmeier
Nuclear receptor corepressor 1 (NCOR1) is a transcriptional regulator bridging repressive chromatin modifying enzymes with transcription factors. NCOR1 regulates many biological processes, however its role in T cells is not known. Here we show that Cd4-Cre-mediated deletion of NCOR1 (NCOR1 cKO(Cd4)) resulted in a reduction of peripheral T cell numbers due to a decrease in single-positive (SP) thymocytes. In contrast, double-positive (DP) thymocyte numbers were not affected in the absence of NCOR1. The reduction in SP cells was due to diminished survival of NCOR1-null postselection TCRβ(hi)CD69(+) and mature TCRβ(hi)CD69(-) thymocytes...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162845/helicobacter-pylori-targets-mitochondrial-import-and-components-of-mitochondrial-dna-replication-machinery-through-an-alternative-vaca-dependent-and-a-vaca-independent-mechanisms
#10
Laurent Chatre, Julien Fernandes, Valérie Michel, Laurence Fiette, Patrick Avé, Giuseppe Arena, Utkarsh Jain, Rainer Haas, Timothy C Wang, Miria Ricchetti, Eliette Touati
Targeting mitochondria is a powerful strategy for pathogens to subvert cell physiology and establish infection. Helicobacter pylori is a bacterial pathogen associated with gastric cancer development that is known to target mitochondria directly and exclusively through its pro-apoptotic and vacuolating cytotoxin VacA. By in vitro infection of gastric epithelial cells with wild-type and VacA-deficient H. pylori strains, treatment of cells with purified VacA proteins and infection of a mouse model, we show that H...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161753/improving-the-efficacy-of-proteasome-inhibitors-in-the-treatment-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-by-combination-with-the-hiv-protease-inhibitors-lopinavir-or-nelfinavir
#11
Dominik Abt, Andrej Besse, Lenka Sedlarikova, Marianne Kraus, Juergen Bader, Tobias Silzle, Martina Vodinska, Ondrej Slaby, Hans-Peter Schmid, Daniel Stephan Engeler, Christoph Driessen, Lenka Besse
OBJECTIVES: To assess the potential of second-generation proteasome inhibition by carfilzomib and its combination with the HIV-protease inhibitors (HIV-PIs) lopinavir and nelfinavir in vitro for improved treatment of clear cell renal cell cancer (ccRCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cytotoxicity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and unfolded protein response (UPR) activation of proteasome inhibitors, HIV-PIs and their combination was assessed in 3 cell lines and primary cells derived from 3 ccRCC tumors by MTS assay, flow cytometry, quantitative PCR and western blot, respectively...
November 21, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161706/endotoxin-effects-on-cardiac-and-renal-functions-and-cardiorenal-syndromes
#12
Grazia Maria Virzì, Anna Clementi, Alessandra Brocca, Claudio Ronco
Gram-negative sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in critical ill patients. Recent findings in molecular biology and in signaling pathways have enhanced our understanding of its pathogenesis and opened up opportunities of innovative therapeutic approaches. Endotoxin plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of multi-organ dysfunction in the setting of gram-negative sepsis. Indeed, heart and kidney impairments seem to be induced by the release of circulating pro-inflammatory and pro-apoptotic mediators triggered by endotoxin interaction with immune cells...
November 22, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160716/-and-ecarlottones-uncommon-chalconoids-from-fissistigma-latifolium-with-pro-apoptotic-activity
#13
Charlotte Gény, Alma Abou Samra, Pascal Retailleau, Bogdan I Iorga, Hristo Nedev, Khalijah Awang, Fanny Roussi, Marc Litaudon, Vincent Dumontet
Four new compounds, (+)- and (-)-ecarlottone (1), (±)-fislatifolione (5), (±)-isofislatifolione (6), and (±)-fislatifolic acid (7), and the known desmethoxyyangonin (2), didymocarpin-A (3), and dehydrodidymocarpin-A (4) were isolated from the stem bark of Fissistigma latifolium, by means of bioassay-guided purification using an in vitro affinity displacement assay based on the modulation of Bcl-xL/Bak and Mcl-1/Bid interactions. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by NMR spectroscopic data analysis, and the absolute configurations of compounds (+)-1 and (-)-1 were assigned by comparison of experimental and computed ECD spectra...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160389/protective-effect-of-ischemic-preconditioning-on-myocardium-against-remote-tissue-injury-following-transient-focal-cerebral-ischemia-in-diabetic-rats
#14
Meltem Kumas, Ozge Altintas, Ersin Karatas, Abdurrahim Kocyigit
BACKGROUND: Remote ischemic preconditioning (IPreC) could provide tissue-protective effect at a remote site by anti-inflammatory, neuronal, and humoral signaling pathways. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the possible protective effects of remote IPreC on myocardium after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) in streptozotocin- induced diabetic (STZ) and non-diabetic rats. METHODS: 48 male Spraque Dawley rats were divided into eight groups: Sham, STZ, IPreC, MCAo, IPreC+MCAo, STZ+IPreC, STZ+MCAo and STZ+IPreC+MCAo groups...
November 13, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157470/therapeutic-potential-of-hiv-nosode-30c-as-evaluated-in-a549-lung-cancer-cells
#15
Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh, Jesmin Mondal, Rajesh Shah
OBJECTIVES: To examine if HIV nosode in 30c dilution (HIV 30c) has therapeutic potential against lung cancer cells (A549) as compared to WRL-68 normal cells and to elucidate its possible molecular mechanism of action on DNA replication and apoptosis. METHODS: Effects of HIV 30c were thoroughly tested for its possible anticancer potential on A549 cells (lung cancer); WRL-68 normal liver cells served as control. Three doses, one at LD50 and two below LD-50, were used...
November 2017: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157095/endothelial-autophagic-flux-hampers-atherosclerotic-lesion-development
#16
Marouane Kheloufi, Anne-Clemence Vion, Adel Hammoutene, Johanne Poisson, Juliette Lasselin, Cecile Devue, Isabelle Pic, Nicolas Dupont, Johanna Busse, Konstantin Stark, Julie Lafaurie-Janvore, Abdul I Barakat, Xavier Loyer, Michele Souyri, Benoit Viollet, Pierre Julia, Alain Tedgui, Patrice Codogno, Chantal M Boulanger, Pierre-Emmanuel Rautou
Blood flowing in arteries generates shear forces at the surface of the vascular endothelium that control its anti-atherogenic properties. However, due to the architecture of the vascular tree, these shear forces are heterogeneous and atherosclerotic plaques develop preferentially in areas where shear is low or disturbed. Here we review our recent study showing that elevated shear forces stimulate endothelial autophagic flux and that inactivating the endothelial macroautophagy/autophagy pathway promotes a pro-inflammatory, pro-senescent and pro-apoptotic cell phenotype despite the presence of atheroprotective shear forces...
November 20, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156834/oncolytic-reovirus-inhibits-angiogenesis-through-induction-of-cxcl10-ip-10-and-abrogation-of-hif-activity-in-soft-tissue-sarcomas
#17
Jennifer S Carew, Claudia M Espitia, Weiguo Zhao, Monica M Mita, Alain C Mita, Steffan T Nawrocki
The tumor-selective viral replication capacity and pro-apoptotic effects of oncolytic reovirus have been reported to be dependent on the presence of an activated RAS pathway in several solid tumor types. However, the mechanisms of selective anticancer efficacy of the reovirus-based formulation for cancer therapy (Reolysin, pelareorep) have not been rigorously studied in soft tissue sarcomas (STS). Here we report that Reolysin triggered a striking induction of the anti-angiogenic chemokine interferon-γ-inducible protein 10 (IP-10)/CXCL10 (CXC chemokine ligand 10) in both wild type and RAS mutant STS cells...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156771/novel-post-transcriptional-and-post-translational-regulation-of-pro-apoptotic-protein-bok-and-anti-apoptotic-protein-mcl-1-determine-the-fate-of-breast-cancer-cells-to-survive-or-die
#18
Benjamin Onyeagucha, Panneerdoss Subbarayalu, Nourhan Abdelfattah, Subapriya Rajamanickam, Santosh Timilsina, Rosa Guzman, Carla Zeballos, Vijay Eedunuri, Sanjay Bansal, Tabrez Mohammad, Yidong Chen, Ratna K Vadlamudi, Manjeet K Rao
Deregulation of apoptosis is central to cancer progression and a major obstacle to effective treatment. The Bcl-2 gene family members play important roles in the regulation of apoptosis and are frequently altered in cancers. One such member is pro-apoptotic protein Bcl-2-related Ovarian Killer (BOK). Despite its critical role in apoptosis, the regulation of BOK expression is poorly understood in cancers. Here, we discovered that miR-296-5p regulates BOK expression by binding to its 3'-UTR in breast cancers...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156726/adiponectin-receptor-agonists-inhibit-leptin-induced-pstat3-and-in-vivo-pancreatic-tumor-growth
#19
Fanuel Messaggio, Alisha M Mendonsa, Jason Castellanos, Nagaraj S Nagathihalli, Lee Gorden, Nipun B Merchant, Michael N VanSaun
Obesity is a significant risk factor for pancreatic cancer, harboring a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by dysregulation of the adipokines, leptin and adiponectin, that in turn alter oncogenic signaling pathways. We and others have shown that leptin promotes the proliferation and an invasive potential of pancreatic cancer cells through STAT3 mediated signaling. However, the role of adiponectin on the tumorigenicity of pancreatic cancer has not been elucidated. Adiponectin represents an important negative regulator of cytokines, which acts through two receptors, ADIPOR1 and ADIPOR2, to elicit pro-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-angiogenic responses...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156715/connective-tissue-growth-factor-mediates-tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-low-grade-serous-ovarian-tumor-cell-apoptosis
#20
Jung-Chien Cheng, Hsun-Ming Chang, Peter C K Leung
Ovarian low-grade serous carcinoma (LGSC) is a rare disease and is now considered to be a distinct entity from high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC), which is the most common and malignant form of epithelial ovarian cancer. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a secreted matricellular protein that has been shown to modulate many biological functions by interacting with multiple molecules in the microenvironment. Increasing evidence indicates that aberrant expression of CTGF is associated with cancer development and progression...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
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