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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726958/wasabia-japonica-is-a-potential-functional-food-to-prevent-colitis-via-inhibiting-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#1
Ju-Hee Kang, Seungho Choi, Jeong-Eun Jang, Prakash Ramalingam, Young Tag Ko, Sun Yeou Kim, Seung Hyun Oh
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are prevalent and debilitating health problems worldwide. Many types of drugs are used to treat IBDs, but they exhibit adverse effects such as vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, etc. In order to overcome the limitations of current therapeutic drugs, scientists have searched for functional foods from natural resources. In this study, we investigated the anti-colitic effects of Wasabia japonica extract in a DSS-induced colitis model...
July 20, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724841/sphingosine-1-phosphate-and-atherosclerosis
#2
Makoto Kurano, Yutaka Yatomi
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a potent lipid mediator that works on five kinds of S1P receptors located on the cell membrane. In the circulation, S1P is distributed to HDL, followed by albumin. Since S1P and HDL share several bioactivities, S1P is believed to be responsible for the pleiotropic effects of HDL. Plasma S1P levels are reportedly lower in subjects with coronary artery disease, suggesting that S1P might be deeply involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. In basic experiments, however, S1P appears to possess both pro-atherosclerotic and anti-atherosclerotic properties; for example, S1P possesses anti-apoptosis, anti-inflammation, and vaso-relaxation properties and maintains the barrier function of endothelial cells, while S1P also promotes the egress and activation of lymphocytes and exhibits pro-thrombotic properties...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720101/drug-candidates-in-clinical-trials-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
REVIEW
Shih-Ya Hung, Wen-Mei Fu
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a major form of senile dementia, characterized by progressive memory and neuronal loss combined with cognitive impairment. AD is the most common neurodegenerative disease worldwide, affecting one-fifth of those aged over 85 years. Recent therapeutic approaches have been strongly influenced by five neuropathological hallmarks of AD: acetylcholine deficiency, glutamate excitotoxicity, extracellular deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ plague), formation of intraneuronal neurofibrillary tangles (NTFs), and neuroinflammation...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714024/magnesium-isoglycyrrhizinate-protects-against-renal%C3%A2-ischemia%C3%A2-reperfusion-injury-in-a-rat-model-via-anti%C3%A2-inflammation-anti%C3%A2-oxidation-and-anti%C3%A2-apoptosis
#4
Zhigang Zhao, Zhongzhi Tang, Wenkai Zhang, Jie Liu, Bo Li
The present study aimed to investigate whether magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate protects against renal ischemia‑reperfusion injury (RIRI), and to verify the underlying mechanisms. An RIRI rat model was induced by removing the right kidney, and exposing and clamping the left kidney. RIRI model rats were administered 30 mg/kg magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate for 3 days. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine levels in the blood of RIRI model rat were examined, compared with sham‑operated controls. Magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate suppressed the activities of tumor necrosis factor‑α, interleukin (IL)‑1β, IL‑6, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and caspase‑3 in RIRI model rats...
July 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713901/protective-effects-of-marrubiin-improve-endometriosis-through-suppression-of-the-expression-of-rantes
#5
Xiao-Hong Sun
Marrubiin can improve blood and lymph microcirculation disturbance, and has pharmacological effects in myocardial protection, anti‑inflammation and anti‑oxidation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effects of marrubiin on endometriosis through suppression of the expression of regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES). Endometriotic cells were implanted into the peritoneal cavity of mice, and these mice were injected estradiol benzoate (30 µg/kg) once each day for 14 days...
July 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713491/mulberry-anthocyanin-extract-ameliorates-oxidative-damage-in-hepg2-cells-and-prolongs-the-lifespan-of-caenorhabditis-elegans-through-mapk-and-nrf2-pathways
#6
Fujie Yan, Yushu Chen, Ramila Azat, Xiaodong Zheng
Mulberry anthocyanins possess many pharmacological effects including liver protection, anti-inflammation, and anticancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether mulberry anthocyanin extract (MAE) exerts beneficial effects against oxidative stress damage in HepG2 cells and Caenorhabditis elegans. In vitro, MAE prevented cytotoxicity, increased glucose consumption and uptake, and eliminated excessive intracellular free radicals in H2O2-induced cells. Moreover, MAE pretreatment maintained Nrf2, HO-1, and p38 MAPK stimulation and abolished upregulation of p-JNK, FOXO1, and PGC-1α that were involved in oxidative stress and insulin signalling modulation...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712011/fgf21-attenuates-high-fat-diet-induced-cognitive-impairment-via-metabolic-regulation-and-anti-inflammation-of-obese-mice
#7
Qingzhi Wang, Jing Yuan, Zhanyang Yu, Li Lin, Yinghua Jiang, Zeyuan Cao, Pengwei Zhuang, Michael J Whalen, Bo Song, Xiao-Jie Wang, Xiaokun Li, Eng H Lo, Yuming Xu, Xiaoying Wang
Accumulating studies suggest that overnutrition-associated obesity may lead to development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndromes (MetS). MetS and its components are important risk factors of mild cognitive impairment, age-related cognitive decline, vascular dementia, and Alzheimer's disease. It has been recently proposed that development of a disease-course modification strategy toward early and effective risk factor management would be clinically significant in reducing the risk of metabolic disorder-initiated cognitive decline...
July 15, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704925/licochalcone-a-prevents-platelet-activation-and-thrombus-formation-through-the-inhibition-of-plc%C3%AE-2-pkc-akt-and-mapk-pathways
#8
Li-Ming Lien, Kuan-Hung Lin, Li-Ting Huang, Mei-Fang Tseng, Hou-Chang Chiu, Ray-Jade Chen, Wan-Jung Lu
Platelet activation is involved in cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis and ischemic stroke. Licochalcone A (LA), an active ingredient of licorice, exhibits multiple biological activities such as anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation. However, its role in platelet activation remains unclear. Therefore, the study investigated the antiplatelet mechanism of LA. Our data revealed that LA (2-10 μM) concentration dependently inhibited platelet aggregation induced by collagen, but not thrombin and U46619...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700976/the-protective-effect-of-coptisine-on-experimental-atherosclerosis-apoe-mice-is-mediated-by-mapk-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-dependent-pathway
#9
Min Feng, Shu-Zhen Kong, Zhen-Xu Wang, Kai He, Zong-Yao Zou, Yin-Ran Hu, Hang Ma, Xue-Gang Li, Xiao-Li Ye
Coptisine is one of main bioactive compounds extracted from the traditional Chinese herbal medicine Rhizoma Coptidis. It is reported that coptisine can attenuate obesity-related inflammation and oxidant damage in Syrian golden hamsters. Therefore,coptisine may exhibit beneficial effects for the treatment of atherosclerosis (AS) due to its hypolipidemic and anti-inflammation activities. The present study investigated the anti-atherosclerotic and anti-inflammatory properties of coptisine using apoE(-/-) mice as AS model...
July 9, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700506/effectiveness-of-corticosteroid-injections-in-adhesive-capsulitis-of-shoulder-a-meta-analysis
#10
Wei Wang, Mingmin Shi, Chenhe Zhou, Zhongli Shi, Xunzi Cai, Tiao Lin, Shigui Yan
BACKGROUND: Primary adhesive capsulitis is mainly characterized by spontaneous chronic shoulder pain and the gradual loss of shoulder motion. The main treatment for adhesive capsulitis is a trial of conservative therapies, including analgesia, exercise, physiotherapy, oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammation drugs, and intra-articular corticosteroid injections. Previously, it was reported that intra-articular corticosteroid lead to fast pain relief and improvement of range of motion (ROM)...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698397/hinokitiol-up-regulates-mir-494-3p-to-suppress-bmi1-expression-and-inhibits-self-renewal-of-breast-cancer-stem-progenitor-cells
#11
Shih-Ming Chen, Bing-Yen Wang, Che-Hsin Lee, Hsueh-Te Lee, Jung-Jung Li, Guan-Ci Hong, Yu-Chieh Hung, Peng-Ju Chien, Che-Ying Chang, Li-Sung Hsu, Wen-Wei Chang
Hinokitiol (β-thujaplicin) is a tropolone-related compound that has anti-microbe, anti-inflammation, and anti-tumor effects. Cancer stem/progenitor cells (CSCs) are a subpopulation of cancer cells with tumor initiation, chemoresistant, and metastatic properties and have been considered the important therapeutic target in future cancer therapy. Previous studies reported that hinokitiol exhibits an anti-cancer activity against murine tumor cells through the induction of autophagy. The current research revealed that hinokitiol suppressed the self-renewal capabilities of human breast CSCs (BCSCs) and inhibited the expression of BMI1 at protein level without suppressing its mRNA...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697536/potential-applications-of-low-energy-shock-waves-in-functional-urology
#12
REVIEW
Hung-Jen Wang, Jai-Hong Cheng, Yao-Chi Chuang
A shock wave, which carries energy and can propagate through a medium, is a type of continuous transmitted sonic wave with a frequency of 16 Hz-20 MHz. It is accompanied by processes involving rapid energy transformations. The energy associated with shock waves has been harnessed and used for various applications in medical science. High-energy extracorporeal shock wave therapy is the most successful application of shock waves, and has been used to disintegrate urolithiasis for 30 years. At lower energy levels, however, shock waves have enhanced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor, endothelial nitric oxide synthase, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, chemoattractant factors and recruitment of progenitor cells; shock waves have also improved tissue regeneration...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689797/pudilan-xiaoyan-oral-liquid-alleviates-lps-induced-respiratory-injury-through-decreasing-nitroxidative-stress-and-blocking-tlr4-activation-along-with-nf-%C3%AE-b-phosphorylation-in-mice
#13
Liang Feng, Nan Yang, Chao Li, Gang Tian, Jing Wang, Zi-Bo Dong, Xiao-Bin Jia, Liu-Qing Di
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pudilan xiaoyan oral liquid (PDL), collected in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, has been used clinically for treating inflammatory diseases such as upper respiratory tract infection diseases. However, its potential anti-inflammation and the mechanism are still unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to induce respiratory inflammation of mice by intratracheal administration. UPLC/MS was performed for components analysis of PDL...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688943/antioxidative-anti-inflammation-and-lung-protective-effects-of-mycelia-selenium-polysaccharides-from-oudemansiella-radicata
#14
Zheng Gao, Juan Li, Xinling Song, Jianjun Zhang, Xiuxiu Wang, Huijuan Jing, Zhenzhen Ren, Shangshang Li, Chen Zhang, Le Jia
The present work was designed to investigated the antioxidant, anti-inflammation, and pulmonary protective effects of SMPS and MPS from Oudemansiella radicata on LPS-induced lung injured mice. The results demonstrated that SMPS showed potential effects on relieving lung injury and preventing oxidative stress, reflecting by decreasing the serum levels of C3, CRP and GGT, increasing the pulmonary activities of SOD, GSH-Px, CAT and T-AOC, as well as down-regulating the MDA and LPO contents, respectively. Furthermore, the levels of TNF-α (224...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688098/the-attenuation-of-14-3-3%C3%AE-is-involved-in-the-caffeic-acid-blocked-lipopolysaccharide-stimulated-inflammatory-response-in-raw264-7-macrophages
#15
Ming Lu, Yi Dai, Miao Xu, Chi Zhang, Yuhong Ma, Ping Gao, Mengying Teng, Kailin Jiao, Guangming Huang, Jianping Zhang, Ye Yang, Zhiping Chu
Inflammation plays important roles in the initiation and progress of many diseases. Caffeic acid (CaA) is a naturally occurring hydroxycinnamic acid derivative, which shows hypotoxicity and diverse biological functions, including anti-inflammation. The molecular mechanisms involved in the CaA-inhibited inflammatory response are very complex; generally, the down-regulated phosphorylation of such important transcriptional factors, for example, nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and signal transducers and activators of transcription-3 (STAT-3), plays an important role...
July 7, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684188/ascorbate-lacks-significant-influence-in-rats-with-bile-duct-ligation-induced-liver-injury
#16
Hsin-Ling Ho, Teh-Ia Huo, Ting Chang, Wen-Shin Lee, I-Fang Hsin, Fa-Yauh Lee, Hui-Chun Huang, Ming-Chih Hou, Shou-Dong Lee
BACKGROUND: Liver inflammation may induce fibrogenesis, cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Liver cirrhosis is characterized by increased intrahepatic resistance and enhanced vasoconstrictive response. The splanchnic vasodilatation, angiogenesis and portosystemic collaterals formation further bring about lethal complications. Ascorbate is a potent antioxidant with anti-inflammation, anti-fibrosis, and anti-angiogenesis effects. However, the relevant influences in chronic liver injury have not been sufficiently explored...
July 3, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684019/anti-inflammation-performance-of-curcumin-loaded-mesoporous-calcium-silicate-cement
#17
Yuan-Chien Chen, Ming-You Shie, Yuan-Haw Andrew Wu, Kai-Xing Alvin Lee, Li-Ju Wei, Yu-Fang Shen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Calcium silicate (CS) cements have excellent bioactivity and can induce the bone-like apatite formation. They are good biomaterials for bone tissue engineering and bone regenerative medicine. However, they have degradability and the dissolved CS can cause the inflammatory response at the early post-implantation stage. The purpose of this study was to design and prepare the curcumin-loaded mesoporous CS (MesoCS/curcumin) cements as a strategy to reduce the inflammatory reaction after implantation...
July 3, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681997/nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-reduce-the-incidence-of-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis-a-meta-analysis
#18
Lin Li, Zhen Han, Heming Yuan, Guozheng Zhang, Yuliang Jia, Chiyi He
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Recent several studies suggested that nonsteroidal anti-inflammation drugs (NSAIDs) could prevent the pancreatitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). However, the routes of administration, the dosages of NSAIDs and the potential efficacy in reducing the severity of pancreatitis remain controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy of NSAIDs for post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) prophylaxis. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, EBSCO, elsevier and web of science databases up to October 1, 2016 for relevant studies...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681916/luteoloside-prevents-lipopolysaccharide-induced-osteolysis-and-suppresses-rankl-induced-osteoclastogenesis-through-attenuating-rankl-signaling-cascades
#19
Fangming Song, Chengming Wei, Lin Zhou, A N Qin, Mingli Yang, Jennifer Tickner, Yuanjiao Huang, Jinmin Zhao, Jiake Xu
Bone destruction or osteolysis marked by excessive osteoclastic bone resorption is a very common medical condition. Identification of agents that can effectively suppress excessive osteoclast formation and function is crucial for prevention and treatment of osteolytic conditions such as periprosthetic joint infection and periprosthetic loosening. Luteoloside, a flavonoid, is a natural bioactive compound with anti-inflammation and anti-tumor properties. However, the effect of Luteoloside on inflammation-induced osteolysis is unknown...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680381/exacerbation-of-japanese-encephalitis-by-cd11c-hi-dendritic-cell-ablation-is-associated-with-an-imbalance-in-regulatory-foxp3-and-il-17-cd4-th17-cells-and-in-ly-6c-hi-and-ly-6c-lo-monocytes
#20
Jin Young Choi, Jin Hyoung Kim, Ajit Mahadev Patil, Seong Bum Kim, Erdenebelig Uyangaa, Ferdaus Mohd Altaf Hossain, Seong Kug Eo
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is neuroinflammation characterized by uncontrolled infiltration of peripheral leukocytes into the central nervous system (CNS). We previously demonstrated exacerbation of JE following CD11c(hi) dendritic cell (DC) ablation in CD11c-DTR transgenic mice. Moreover, CD11c(hi) DC ablation led to abnormal differentiation of CD11b(+)Ly-6C(hi) monocytes and enhanced permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), resulting in promoting the progression of JE. Here, we examined changes in lymphoid and myeloid-derived leukocyte subpopulations associated with pro- and anti-inflammation during JE progression...
June 2017: Immune Network
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