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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165399/greenhouse-gas-emissions-energy-consumption-and-economic-growth-a-panel-cointegration-analysis-for-16-asian-countries
#1
Wen-Cheng Lu
This research investigates the co-movement and causality relationships between greenhouse gas emissions, energy consumption and economic growth for 16 Asian countries over the period 1990-2012. The empirical findings suggest that in the long run, bidirectional Granger causality between energy consumption, GDP and greenhouse gas emissions and between GDP, greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption is established. A non-linear, quadratic relationship is revealed between greenhouse gas emissions, energy consumption and economic growth, consistent with the environmental Kuznets curve for these 16 Asian countries and a subsample of the Asian new industrial economy...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123488/wearing-compression-tights-on-the-thigh-during-prolonged-running-attenuated-exercise-induced-increase-in-muscle-damage-marker-in-blood
#2
Sahiro Mizuno, Mari Arai, Fumihiko Todoko, Eri Yamada, Kazushige Goto
Purpose: To examine the effects of wearing a lower-body compression garment with different body coverage areas during prolonged running on exercise performance and muscle damage. Methods: Thirty male subjects were randomly assigned to one of three groups: (1) wearing a compression tights with 15 mmHg to thigh [n = 10, CT group], (2) wearing a compression socks with 15 mmHg to calf [n = 10, CS group], and (3) wearing a lower-body garment with < 5 mmHg to thigh and calf [n = 10, CON group]. The exercise consisted of 120 min of uphill running at 55% of [Formula: see text]O2max...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101708/dose-response-effect-of-photobiomodulation-therapy-on-neuromuscular-economy-during-submaximal-running
#3
Rodolfo André Dellagrana, Mateus Rossato, Raphael Luiz Sakugawa, Caetano Decian Lazzari, Bruno Manfredini Baroni, Fernando Diefenthaeler
The purpose of this study was to verify the photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) effects with different doses on neuromuscular economy during submaximal running tests. Eighteen male recreational runners participate in a randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial, which each participant was submitted to the same testing protocol in five conditions: control, placebo, and PBMT with doses of 15, 30, and 60 J per site (14 sites in each lower limb). The submaximal running was performed at 8 and 9 km h(-1) during 5 min for each velocity...
November 3, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100250/gait-retraining-from-rearfoot-strike-to-forefoot-strike-does-not-change-running-economy
#4
Jenevieve Lynn Roper, Deborah Doerfler, Len Kravitz, Janet S Dufek, Christine Mermier
Gait retraining is a method for management of patellofemoral pain, which is a common ailment among recreational runners. The present study investigated the effects of gait retraining from rearfoot strike to forefoot strike on running economy, heart rate, and respiratory exchange ratio immediately post-retraining and one-month post-retraining in recreational runners with patellofemoral pain. Knee pain was also measured. Sixteen participants (n=16) were randomly placed in the control (n=8) or experimental (n=8) group...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077639/short-trail-running-race-beyond-the-classic-model-for-endurance-running-performance
#5
Sabine Ehrström, Marcus P Tartaruga, Christopher S Easthope, Jeanick Brisswalter, Jean-Benoit Morin, Fabrice Vercruyssen
PURPOSE: To examine the extent to which the classical physiological variables of endurance running performance [VO2max, %VO2max at ventilatory threshold (VT), and running economy (RE)], but also muscle strength factors contribute to short trail running (TR) performance. METHODS: A homogeneous group of nine highly-trained trail runners performed an official TR race (27-km) and laboratory-based sessions to determine VO2max, %VO2max at VT, level RE (RE0%) and RE on a +10% slope (RE+10%), voluntary concentric and eccentric knee extension torques (MVCCon and MVCEcc, respectively), local endurance assessed by a fatigue index (FI) and a time to exhaustion at 87...
October 26, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076962/effects-of-a-15-day-low-carbohydrate-high-fat-diet-in-resistance-trained-men
#6
Hunter S Waldman, Ben M Krings, Steven A Basham, JohnEric W Smith, Brent J Fountain, Matthew J McAllister
Waldman, HS, Krings, BM, Basham, SA, Smith, JW, Fountain, BJ, and McAllister, MJ. Effects of a 15-day low carbohydrate, high-fat diet in resistance-trained men. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-This study examined the effects of a 15-day isocaloric low carbohydrate (<25% E), high-fat (>50% E) (LCHF) diet on physiological and metabolic alterations in resistance-trained (RT) men. College-aged RT men (n = 11) completed 4 V[Combining Dot Above]O2max tests using treadmill every 5 days during the 15-day trial...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069224/effects-of-a-4-week-high-intensity-interval-training-on-pacing-during-5-km-running-trial
#7
R Silva, M Damasceno, R Cruz, M D Silva-Cavalcante, A E Lima-Silva, D J Bishop, R Bertuzzi
This study analyzed the influence of a 4-week high-intensity interval training on the pacing strategy adopted by runners during a 5-km running trial. Sixteen male recreational long-distance runners were randomly assigned to a control group (CON, n=8) or a high-intensity interval training group (HIIT, n=8). The HIIT group performed high-intensity interval-training twice per week, while the CON group maintained their regular training program. Before and after the training period, the runners performed an incremental exercise test to exhaustion to measure the onset of blood lactate accumulation, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), and peak treadmill speed (PTS)...
October 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062284/does-the-running-economy-really-increase-after-ultra-marathons
#8
Gianluca Vernillo, Grégoire P Millet, Guillaume Y Millet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058111/the-effects-of-muscle-blood-flow-restriction-during-running-training-on-measures-of-aerobic-capacity-and-run-time-to-exhaustion
#9
Carl D Paton, Shalako M Addis, Lee-Anne Taylor
PURPOSE: Training with blood flow restriction (BFR) is known to enhance muscle mass and strength during resistance training activities. However, little is known about the BFR effects during aerobic training. This investigation examines the effects of running training performed with or without BFR on physiology and performance. METHOD: Sixteen subjects (age 24.9 ± 6.9 years, height 172.9 ± 7.8 cm, weight 75.1 ± 13.8 kg) were assigned to a BFR or control (CON) group for eight sessions of training...
December 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045494/results-of-a-massive-experiment-on-virtual-currency-endowments-and-money-demand
#10
Nenad Živić, Igor Andjelković, Tolga Özden, Milovan Dekić, Edward Castronova
We use a 575,000-subject, 28-day experiment to investigate monetary policy in a virtual setting. The experiment tests the effect of virtual currency endowments on player retention and virtual currency demand. An increase in endowments of a virtual currency should lower the demand for the currency in the short run. However, in the long run, we would expect money demand to rise in response to inflation in the virtual world. We test for this behavior in a virtual field experiment in the football management game Top11...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030915/political-transition-and-emergent-forest-conservation-issues-in-myanmar
#11
REVIEW
Graham W Prescott, William J Sutherland, Daniel Aguirre, Matthew Baird, Vicky Bowman, Jake Brunner, Grant M Connette, Martin Cosier, David Dapice, Jose Don T De Alban, Alex Diment, Julia Fogerite, Jefferson Fox, Win Hlaing, Saw Htun, Jack Hurd, Katherine LaJeunesse Connette, Felicia Lasmana, Cheng Ling Lim, Antony Lynam, Aye Chan Maung, Benjamin McCarron, John F McCarthy, William J McShea, Frank Momberg, Myat Su Mon, Than Myint, Robert Oberndorf, Thaung Naing Oo, Jacob Phelps, Madhu Rao, Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt, Hugh Speechly, Oliver Springate-Baginski, Robert Steinmetz, Kirk Talbott, Maung Maung Than, Tint Lwin Thaung, Salai Cung Lian Thawng, Kyaw Min Thein, Shwe Thein, Robert Tizard, Tony Whitten, Guy Williams, Trevor Wilson, Kevin Woods, Alan D Ziegler, Michal Zrust, Edward L Webb
Political and economic transitions have had substantial impacts on forest conservation. Where transitions are underway or anticipated, historical precedent and methods for systematically assessing future trends should be used to anticipate likely threats to forest conservation and design appropriate and prescient policy measures to counteract them. Myanmar is transitioning from an authoritarian, centralized state with a highly regulated economy to a more decentralized and economically liberal democracy and is working to end a long-running civil war...
October 14, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017874/temporal-relationships-between-food-acquisition-and-voluntary-exercise-in-mice
#12
Neil E Rowland, Melissa R Cervantez, Kimberly L Robertson
Patterns of operant food acquisition in a closed economy and bouts of either voluntary wheel running (WR) or spontaneous locomotor activity in a standard condition (SC) with no wheel were examined in young adult male and female C57BL/6 mice across a range of nose poke prices (FUP) per food pellet. Both sexes showed vigorous WR or locomotor activity. At each FUP, WR groups had higher food intake than SC groups. Despite substantially higher mean body weight of males compared with females, intakes and activity did not differ by sex in the SC groups and males lost weight more rapidly as FUP increased...
October 7, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983866/running-performance-formula-see-text-and-running-economy-the-widespread-issue-of-endogenous-selection-bias
#13
REVIEW
Nicolai T Borgen
Studies in sport and exercise medicine routinely use samples of highly trained individuals in order to understand what characterizes elite endurance performance, such as running economy and maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]). However, it is not well understood in the literature that using such samples most certainly leads to biased findings and accordingly potentially erroneous conclusions because of endogenous selection bias. In this paper, I review the current literature on running economy and [Formula: see text], and discuss the literature in light of endogenous selection bias...
October 5, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982948/resistance-training-and-exercise-tolerance-during-high-intensity-exercise-moving-beyond-just-running-economy-and-muscle-strength
#14
Benedito Sergio Denadai, Camila Coelho Greco
No abstract is required.
October 5, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966714/run-economy-on-a-normal-and-lower-body-positive-pressure-treadmill
#15
Corey Temple, Erik Lind, Deborah VAN Langen, Larissa True, Saige Hupman, James F Hokanson
Lower body positive pressure (LBPP) treadmill running is used more frequently in clinical and athletic settings. Accurate caloric expenditure is required for proper exercise prescription, especially for obese patients performing LBPP exercise. It is unclear if running on LBPP changes running economy (RE) in proportion to the changes in body weight. The purpose of the study was to measure the oxygen consumption (VO2) and running economy (RE) of treadmill running at normal body weight and on LBPP. Twenty-three active, non-obese participants (25...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966704/assessment-of-differences-in-the-anthropometric-physiological-and-training-characteristics-of-finishers-and-non-finishers-in-a-tropical-161-km-ultra-marathon
#16
Philip Ls Tan, Frankie Hy Tan, Andrew N Bosch
This study aimed to compare and determine the differences in the physiological, anthropometric and training characteristics of the finishers (FIN) and non-finishers (N-FIN) in a 161-km race. Two groups of runners (FIN; N=12 and N-FIN; N=14) completed a series of anthropometric and physiological measurements over two separate sessions at least three weeks prior to the race. Training sessions starting from six weeks prior to the race were recorded. Sum of 7 skinfolds, arm and calf girths, VO2max and peak treadmill speed (PTS) were taken during session 1 while the lactate threshold (LT) and running economy (RE) were assessed during session 2...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944273/defining-the-determinants-of-endurance-running-performance-in-the-heat
#17
Carl A James, Mark Hayes, Ashley G B Willmott, Oliver R Gibson, Andreas D Flouris, Zachary J Schlader, Neil S Maxwell
In cool conditions, physiologic markers accurately predict endurance performance, but it is unclear whether thermal strain and perceived thermal strain modify the strength of these relationships. This study examined the relationships between traditional determinants of endurance performance and time to complete a 5-km time trial in the heat. Seventeen club runners completed graded exercise tests (GXT) in hot (GXTHOT; 32°C, 60% RH, 27.2°C WBGT) and cool conditions (GXTCOOL; 13°C, 50% RH, 9.3°C WBGT) to determine maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max), running economy (RE), velocity at V̇O2max (vV̇O2max), and running speeds corresponding to the lactate threshold (LT, 2 mmol...
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940917/determinants-of-transient-and-persistent-hospital-efficiency-the-case-of-italy
#18
Roberto Colombi, Gianmaria Martini, Giorgio Vittadini
In this paper, we extend the 4-random-component closed skew-normal stochastic frontier model by including exogenous determinants of hospital persistent (long-run) and transient (short-run) inefficiency, separated from unobserved heterogeneity. We apply this new model to a dataset composed by 133 Italian hospitals during the period 2008-2013. We show that average total inefficiency is about 23%, higher than previous estimates; hence, a model where the different types of inefficiency and hospital unobserved characteristics are not confounded allows us to get less biased estimates of hospital inefficiency...
September 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935825/effect-of-tapering-after-a-period-of-high-volume-sprint-interval-training-on-running-performance-and-muscular-adaptations-in-moderately-trained-runners
#19
Casper Skovgaard, Nicki Winfield Almquist, Thue Kvorning, Peter Møller Christensen, Jens Bangsbo
The effect of tapering following a period of high-volume sprint interval training (SIT) and a basic volume of aerobic training on performance and muscle adaptations in moderately trained runners was examined. Eleven (8 males, 3 females) runners (maximum oxygen uptake (VO2-max): 56.8±2.9 mL·min(-1)·kg(-1); mean±SD) conducted high-volume SIT (HV; 20 SIT sessions; 8-12 x 30-s all-out) for 40 days followed by 18 days of tapering (TAP; 4 SIT sessions; 4 x 30-s all-out). Before and after HV as well as midway through and at the end of TAP, the subjects completed a 10-km running test and a repeated running test at 90% of vVO2-max to exhaustion (RRT)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920161/tapered-us-carbon-emissions-during-good-times-what-s-old-what-s-new
#20
Yoke-Kee Eng, Chin-Yoong Wong
In light of a slow buildup in CO2 emissions since the recovery, this paper revisits the relationship between CO2 emissions and the US economy using a nonlinear autoregressive distributed lag model, in which the determinants are identified through an expanded real business cycle model. We find convincing evidence that CO2 emissions decline more rapidly during recessions than increase during expansions over the long run. Of all determinants considered, long-run asymmetry is fostered once vehicle miles traveled is controlled...
November 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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