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Facial palsy surgery

Siu Hong Cheung, Wai Yin Wilson Kwan, Kwan Pok Tsui, Tam Lin Chow
PURPOSE: Benign parotid tumors are adequately treated with partial parotidectomy, which is often performed under general anesthesia (GA). We have reported our preliminary results on the feasibility to perform parotidectomy under local anesthesia (LA). We hereby present our accumulated experience of partial parotidectomy under LA to further consolidate its feasibility, efficacy and safety in a larger series. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case series review was carried out using our own center patients' database...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Samir Sorour Sorour, Nasser Nagieb Mohamed, Magdy M Abdel Fattah, Mohammad El-Sayed Abd Elbary, Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar
BACKGROUND: Canal wall down (CWD) mastoidectomy has many drawbacks including chronic otorrhea, granulations, dizziness on exposure to cold or hot water and tendency of debris accumulation in the mastoid cavity demanding periodic cleaning. Many of these problems can be solved by reconstruction of the posterior meatal wall (PMW). OBJECTIVES: To assess the results of PMW reconstruction after CWD mastoidectomy for cholesteatoma using bioactive glass (BAG) that is fabricated and built up intraoperatively...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Jean-Nicolas Comps, Constantin Tuleasca, Beatrice Goncalves-Matoso, Luis Schiappacasse, Maud Marguet, Marc Levivier
INTRODUCTION: Facial nerve schwannomas are rare tumors and account for less than 2% of intracranial neurinomas, despite being the most common tumors of the facial nerve. The optimal management is currently under debate and includes observation, microsurgical resection, radiosurgery (RS), and fractionated radiotherapy. Radiosurgery might be a valuable alternative, as a minimally invasive technique, in symptomatic patients and/or presenting tumor growth. METHODS: We review our series of four consecutive cases, treated with Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) between July 2010 and July 2017 in Lausanne University Hospital, Switzerland...
February 28, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
Luciano Mastronardi, Guglielmo Cacciotti, Raffaele Roperto
BACKGROUND: To describe the surgical management and postoperative course of two patients presenting with facial nerve (FN) paralysis as one of the presenting symptoms of small intracanalicular vestibular schwannomas (VS). METHODS: Among 153 patients operated for VS since September 2010 to August 2017, two adult female patients presented with rapidly progressive hearing decrease, vestibular symptoms, and FN paralysis (House-Brackmann grades III and IV, respectively)...
February 26, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
M Sindou, P Mercier
Over the last decades microvascular decompression (MVD) has been established as the curative treatment of the primary Hemifacial Spasm (HFS), proven to be linked in almost all cases to a neurovascular compression of the facial nerve. Because the disease is not life-threatening and MVD not totally innocuous, efficacy and safety have to be weighted before decision taken of indicating surgery. The authors have been charged by the French Speaking Society of Neurosurgery to conduct a detailed evaluation of the probability of relief of the spasm that MVD is able to obtain, together with its potential complications...
February 14, 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
Jonathan Rychen, Davide Croci, Michel Roethlisberger, Erez Nossek, Matthew Potts, Ivan Radovanovic, Howard Riina, Luigi Mariani, Raphael Guzman, Daniel W Zumofen
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive alternatives to the pterional craniotomy include the minipterional and the supraorbital craniotomy (SOC). The latter is performed via either an eyebrow or an eyelid skin incision. The purpose of this systematic review was to analyze the type and the incidence of approach-related complications of these keyhole craniotomies. METHODS: We review pertinent publications retrieved by search in the PubMed/Medline database. Inclusion criteria were all full-text publications, abstracts, and posters in English, up to 2016, reporting clinical results...
February 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Tomito Oji, Akiteru Hayashi, Akihiro Ogino, Kiyoshi Onishi
BACKGROUND: Lengthening temporalis myoplasty is a faster and less invasive alternative to free muscle transfer for smile reconstruction. However, it requires a nasolabial fold incision, which leaves a midfacial scar. Based on esthetic considerations, a modified approach, involving an extended lazy-S (parotidectomy) incision instead of a nasolabial fold incision, was developed. METHODS: A cadaveric study involving 10 hemifaces was conducted. From February 2013 to March 2016, the modified lengthening temporalis myoplasty procedure was employed in 10 patients...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Miyuki Uehara, Fumiaki Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Double innervation of the transferred muscle with the contralateral facial nerve and the ipsilateral masseteric nerve has recently been reported by some authors. The aim of this study was to assess the utility of our procedure of double innervation of free gracilis muscle for reconstruction of long-standing facial palsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In our department, 6 cases of long-standing facial paralysis (4 cases of complete palsy and 2 of incomplete palsy) were reconstructed using a free gracilis muscle double innervated with the masseteric and contralateral facial nerves...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Mi Jang, Hongyan Liu, Chunfu Dai
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the outcomes of microsurgically treated jugular paragangliomas with control of bleeding from the inferior petrous sinus. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective patient review. SETTING: A single university hospital. PATIENTS: Forty-three patients with jugular paragangliomas were diagnosed in the past 7 years in our clinic. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Surgical tumor control, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative management of the facial nerve, and the preoperative and postoperative function of the lower central nerves...
February 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Sehrish Abrar, Nasir Ali, Bilal Mazhar Qureshi, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi
A 45-year-old man presented with left-sided facial swelling. Initial excisional biopsy was done somewhere else without prior imaging and it came out to be pleomorphic adenoma; local imaging after biopsy showed mass over the left parotid gland with ipsilateral lymphadenopathy. On examination, there was a well-circumscribed mass with signs of left facial nerve palsy. He underwent left radical parotidectomy with ipsilateral modified radical neck dissection, and per operatively, it came out to be neoplastic lesion...
January 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Ilyes Berania, Mohamed Awad, Issam Saliba, Jean-Jacques Dufour, Marc-Elie Nader
BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess the effectiveness of delayed facial nerve decompression for Bell's palsy (BP). METHODS: We performed a retrospective case review of all patients having undergone facial nerve decompression for severe refractory BP between 1984 and 2009 at our tertiary referral center. Demographics, timing between onset of symptoms and surgical decompression, degree of facial nerve dysfunction pre- and post-operatively, follow-up length after surgery and postoperative complications were recorded...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Konstantinos Mantsopoulos, Miguel Goncalves, Mirco Schapher, Heinrich Iro
Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate the oncologic and functional long-term outcome after surgical therapy of pleomorphic adenomas of the submandibular gland. Methods: The medical charts of all patients treated for pleomorphic adenomas of the submandibular gland by means of submandibulectomy between 2000 and 2016 were studied retrospectively. Patients who had had revision after external primary surgery, as well as patients with insufficient data were excluded from our study sample...
December 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
Dilok Puanhvuan, Sorayouth Chumnanvej, Yodchanan Wongsawat
Nerve function assessments are crucial for surgical intervention during acoustic neuroma surgery. Cranial nerves such as acoustic and facial nerves, can be possibly damaged during tumor dissection. Proper surgical intervention should prevent neurological deficit and achieve total tumor removal. Conventionally, nerve function is qualitatively evaluated by surgeon and neurologist. Facial nerves can be preserved by monitoring the compound muscle action potential (CMAP) response. The differences in the amplitude and latency of CMAP are used as indicators during surgical interventions...
December 2017: Physiological Reports
Ming Xing Liu, Lei Xia, Jun Zhong, Bin Li, Ning Ning Dou, Shi Ting Li
BACKGROUND: Although microvascular decompression (MVD) has been widely accepted as an effective treatment for hemifacial spasm (HFS), some patients may experience delayed relief instead of immediate improvement after the surgery. The need for and timing of repeat MVD has been controversial to date; thus, we conducted the present study with emphasis on those unrelieved patients. METHODS: Between January 2010 and December 2014, 3095 patients with idiopathic HFS were treated with MVD at XinHua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine...
February 2018: World Neurosurgery
Ashwin Kumaria, Tim C Hammett, Murugan Sitaraman, Dan A D'Aquino, Donald C Macarthur
We present the case of a 15 year old boy who developed transient lower motor neuron facial weakness on two separate occasions shortly after ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion. Both episodes, each of which occurred on the ipsilateral side to shunt insertion, were transient, self-limiting and were managed medically with a course of oral steroids. We believe this is the first reported case of Bell's palsy after this type of surgery in a child. Potential pathophysiological mechanisms are discussed.
November 30, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
J-J Wang, Y-M Feng, H Wang, Y-Q Wu, H-B Shi, Z-N Chen, S-K Yin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
Asli Cakir Cetin, Nuri Karabay, Enis Alpin Guneri
In this report, we present two cases of patients with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea who underwent surgical repair through either a transmastoid or middle cranial fossa approach. In our first case, a 34-year-old male after head trauma with conductive hearing loss and a House-Brackmann grade 2 facial palsy was found to have a soft tissue mass protruding through his right tympanic membrane. Radiological examination revealed a wide tegmen tympani defect. He underwent surgery via a transmastoid approach with repair of the defect and blind sac closure of the external auditory canal after middle ear cavity obliteration...
November 1, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
A Cardenas-Mejia, D Palafox
INTRODUCTION: Möbius syndrome is defined as a combined congenital bilateral facial and abducens nerve palsies. The main goal of treatment is to provide facial reanimation by means of a dynamic surgical procedure. The microneurovascular transfer of a free muscle transplant is the procedure of choice for facial animation in a child with facial paralysis. OBSERVATION: Between January 2008 and January 2017, 124 patients with the syndrome have been approached at our institution...
November 15, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Eldad Silberstein, Ehud Maor, Oleg Sukmanov, Alexander Bogdanov Berezovsky, Yaron Shoham, Yuval Krieger
Background: Muscle activity contributes to the enhancement of facial aging deformity, blepharospasm, cerebral palsy spasticity, trismus, torticollis, and other conditions. Myotomy of the involved muscles in order to reduce the deformity has variable success rates due to muscle healing and regeneration of activity. Objectives: The goal of this study was to investigate whether blocking striated muscle activity with Botulinum toxin (BtxA) during the healing time after myotomy alters the healing process and reduces long-term muscle activity...
November 14, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Éric Mirallié, Cécile Caillard, François Pattou, Laurent Brunaud, Antoine Hamy, Marcel Dahan, Michel Prades, Muriel Mathonnet, Gérard Landecy, Henri-Pierre Dernis, Jean-Christophe Lifante, Frederic Sebag, Franck Jegoux, Emmanuel Babin, Alain Bizon, Florent Espitalier, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, Christelle Volteau, Claire Blanchard
BACKGROUND: The impact of intraoperative neuromonitoring on recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy remains debated. Our aim was to evaluate the potential protective effect of intraoperative neuromonitoring on recurrent laryngeal nerve during total thyroidectomy. METHODS: This was a prospective, multicenter French national study. The use of intraoperative neuromonitoring was left at the surgeons' choice. Postoperative laryngoscopy was performed systematically at day 1 to 2 after operation and at 6 months in case of postoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy...
January 2018: Surgery
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