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Injectable hydrogels

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627868/alkaline-phosphatase-instructed-self-assembly-of-gadolinium-nanofibers-for-enhanced-t2-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-tumor
#1
Ling Dong, Junchao Qian, Zijuan Hai, Jinyong Xu, Wei Du, Kai Zhong, Gaolin Liang
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is an important enzyme but using ALP-instructed self-assembly of gadolinium nanofibers for enhanced T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of tumor has not been reported. In this work, we rationally designed a hydrogelator Nap-FFFYp-EDA-DOTA(Gd) (1P) which, under the catalysis of ALP, was able to self-assemble into gadolinium nanofibers to form hydrogel Gel I for enhanced T2-weighted MR imaging of ALP activity in vitro and in tumor. T2 phantom MR imaging indicated that the transverse relaxivity (r2) value of Gel I was 33...
June 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623878/in-vivo-characterisation-of-a-therapeutically-relevant-self-assembling-18-f-labelled-%C3%AE-sheet-forming-peptide-and-its-hydrogel-using-positron-emission-tomography
#2
O Morris, M A Elsawy, M Fairclough, K J Williams, A McMahon, J Grigg, D Forster, A F Miller, A Saiani, C Prenant
Positron emission tomography (PET) and fluorescence labelling have been used to assess the pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and eventual fate of a hydrogel-forming nonapeptide, FEFKFEFKK (F9) in healthy mice, using (18) F-labelled and fluoresceinisothiocyanate (FITC) - labelled F9 analogues. F9 was site-specifically radiolabelled with 2-[(18) F]fluoro-3-pyridinecarboxaldehyde ([(18) F]FPCA) via oxime bond formation. [(18) F]FPCA-F9 in vivo fate was evaluated both as a solution, following intravenous administration, and as a hydrogel when subcutaneously injected...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623695/injectable-cytocompatible-elastic-free-radical-scavenging-and-electroconductive-hydrogel-for-cardiac-cell-encapsulation
#3
Remya Komeri, Jayabalan Muthu
The injectable electroconductive hydrogels are desirable for the regenerative therapy of electroresponsive tissues like heart. With the present electroconductive hydrogels, the issues of cytotoxicity, biodegradability, and diffusion of the conductive element and poor water solubility limit their applications. Here, electroconductive injectable single component hydrogels, PANIE-P/PEGDA and PANIS-P/PEGDA, are prepared with fumarate-co-PEG-co-sebacate comacromer conjugated with non-sulfonated/sulfonated polyaniline and PEGDA...
June 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622807/the-comparison-of-the-effects-of-a-novel-hydrogel-compound-and-traditional-hyaluronate-following-micro-fracture-procedure-in-a-rat-full-thickness-chondral-defect-model
#4
Yunus Emre Akman, Erhan Sukur, Ahmet Senel, Nur Ece Oztas Sukur, Canan Kelten Talu, Yusuf Ozturkmen
PURPOSE: The aim of this experimental study was to investigate the impact of HA-CS-NAG compound (hyaluronate, sodium chondroitin sulfate, N-acetyl-d-glucosamine) on the quality of repair tissue after micro-fracture and to compare it with HA (hyaluronat), in a rat full-thickness chondral defect model. METHODS: Full-thickness chondral defects were created in a non-weight bearing area by using a handle 2.7-mm drill bit, in the right knees of 33 Sprague-Dawley rats...
June 13, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622565/a-shear-induced-network-of-aligned-wormlike-micelles-in-a-sugar-based-molecular-gel-from-gelation-to-biocompatibility-assays
#5
Juliette Fitremann, Barbara Lonetti, Emiliano Fratini, Isabelle Fabing, Bruno Payré, Christelle Boulé, Isabelle Loubinoux, Laurence Vaysse, Luis Oriol
A new low molecular weight hydrogelator with a saccharide (lactobionic) polar head linked by azide-alkyne click chemistry was prepared in three steps. It was obtained in high purity without chromatography, by phase separation and ultrafiltration of the aqueous gel. Gelation was not obtained reproducibly by conventional heating-cooling cycles and instead was obtained by shearing the aqueous solutions, from 2 wt% to 0.25 wt%. This method of preparation favored the formation of a quite unusual network of interconnected large but thin 2D-sheets (7nm-thick) formed by the association side-by-side of long and aligned 7nm diameter wormlike micelles...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621436/development-of-a-cell-based-gene-therapy-approach-to-selectively-turn-off-bone-formation
#6
Pedro Alvarez-Urena, Banghe Zhu, Gabrielle Henslee, Corinne Sonnet, Eleanor Davis, Eva Sevick-Muraca, Alan Davis, Elizabeth Olmsted-Davis
Cell and gene therapy approaches are safer when they possess a system that enables the therapy to be rapidly halted. Human mesenchymal stem cells were transduced with an adenoviral vector containing the cDNA for bone morphogenetic protein 2 (AdBMP2) to induce bone formation. To make this method safer, a system to quickly kill these virally transduced cells was designed and evaluated. Cells were encapsulated inside poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEG-Da) hydrogels that are able to shield the cells from immunological destruction...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619385/rectum-and-bladder-spacing-in-cervical-cancer-brachytherapy-using-a-novel-injectable-hydrogel-compound-traceit
#7
Antonio L Damato, Megan Kassick, Akila N Viswanathan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate injection of a novel hydrogel (TraceIT; Augmenix, Waltham, MA) between the cervix, rectum, and bladder in female cadavers compared with, and in addition to, the current standard of gauze packing, for organ-at-risk sparing in cervical cancer brachytherapy planning. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This brachytherapy cadaver study used T2-weighted MRI and CT imaging to compare three scenarios: (1) gauze packing alone, (2) hydrogel injection placed in the cervical fornices and rectovaginal septum, and (3) gauze packing in conjunction with hydrogel injection...
June 12, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605180/a-hydrogel-microsphere-drug-delivery-system-that-supports-once-monthly-administration-of-a-glp-1-receptor-agonist
#8
Eric L Schneider, Brian R Hearn, Samuel J Pfaff, Ralph Reid, David G Parkes, Niels Vrang, Gary W Ashley, Daniel V Santi
We have developed a chemically-controlled very long-acting delivery system to support once-monthly administration of a peptidic GLP-1R agonist. Initially, the prototypical GLP-1R agonist exenatide was covalently attached to hydrogel microspheres by a self-cleaving β-eliminative linker; after subcutaneous injection in rats the peptide was slowly released into the systemic circulation. However, the short serum exenatide half-life suggested its degradation in the subcutaneous depot. We found that exenatide undergoes deamidation at Asn(28)with an in vitro and in vivo half-life of approximately two weeks...
June 12, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595815/adipose-derived-stem-cells-seeded-in-pluronic-f-127-hydrogel-promotes-diabetic-wound-healing
#9
Lin Kaisang, Wang Siyu, Fan Lijun, Pan Daoyan, Cory J Xian, Shen Jie
BACKGROUND: Chronic nonhealing wound is a multifactorial complication of diabetes that results specifically as a consequence of impaired angiogenesis and currently lacks in effective treatments. Although a stem cell-based therapy may provide a novel treatment to augment diabetic wound healing, inferior cell survival at the diabetic skin wound is one of the key causes that are responsible for the low efficacy of the stem cell therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this work, we used an injectable, biocompatible, and thermosensitive hydrogel Pluronic F-127 to encapsulate allogeneic nondiabetic adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) and topically applied the cells to a full-thickness cutaneous wound in the streptozotocin-induced diabetic model in rats...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595135/soft-nanocomposites-of-gelatin-and-poly-3-hydroxybutyrate-nanoparticles-for-dual-drug-release
#10
Rafael A Bini, Mônica F Silva, Laudemir C Varanda, Marcelo A da Silva, Cécile A Dreiss
We developed a nanocomposite gel composed of gelatin and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) polymeric nanoparticles (PNP) to be used as an injectable gel for the contemporaneous, dual sustained release of bioactive molecules. The hydrogel matrix was formed by a very simple process, using either the physical gelation of gelatin or the natural enzyme transglutaminase to covalently cross-link the gelatin chains in the presence of embedded PNP. Oscillatory rheological measurements showed that the addition of the PNP induced an increase in the storage modulus compared to pure gelatin gels, for both physical and chemical gels...
May 22, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594260/thermoresponsive-nanocomposite-gel-for-local-drug-delivery-to-suppress-the-growth-of-glioma-by-inducing-autophagy
#11
Li Ding, Qi Wang, Ming Shen, Ying Sun, Xiangyu Zhang, Can Huang, Jianhua Chen, Rongxin Li, Yourong Duan
Although the treatments of malignant glioma include surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy by oral drug administration, the prognosis of patients with glioma remains very poor. We developed a polyethylene glycol-dipalmitoylphosphatidyle- thanoiamine (mPEG-DPPE) calcium phosphate nanoparticles (NPs) injectable thermoresponsive hydrogel (nanocomposite gel) that could provide a sustained and local delivery of paclitaxel (PTX) and temozolomide (TMZ). In addition, the proportion of PTX and TMZ for the optimal synergistic antiglioma effect on C6 cells was determined to be 1:100 (w/w) by the Chou and Talalay method...
June 8, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594018/biodegradable-injectable-polymer-systems-exhibiting-a-longer-and-controllable-duration-time-of-the-gel-state
#12
Yasuyuki Yoshida, Hiroki Takai, Keisuke Kawahara, Shintaro Mitsumune, Kazuyuki Takata, Akinori Kuzuya, Yuichi Ohya
Here, we report biodegradable temperature-triggered covalent gelation systems exhibiting a longer and controllable duration time of the gel state by a "mixing strategy" utilizing a thiol-ene reaction. We synthesized a tri-block copolymer of poly(caprolactone-co-glycolic acid) and PEG (tri-PCG) as a temperature-responsive injectable polymer (IP) and attached acryloyl groups on both termini (tri-PCG-Acryl). A tri-PCG micelle solution containing hydrophobic hexa-functional polythiol (Solution-A) and a tri-PCG-Acryl micelle solution (Solution-B) were mixed together...
June 8, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593744/thermosensitive-heparin-poloxamer-hydrogels-enhance-the-effects-of-gdnf-on-neuronal-circuit-remodelling-and-neuroprotection-after-spinal-cord-injury
#13
Ying-Zheng Zhao, Xi Jiang, Qian Lin, He-Lin Xu, Ya-Dong Huang, Cui-Tao Lu, Jun Cai
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) results in paraplegia or quadriplegia, and currently, therapeutic interventions for axonal regeneration after SCI are not clinically available. Animal studies have revealed that glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) plays multiple beneficial roles in neuroprotection, glial scarring remodelling, axon regeneration and remyelination in SCI. However, the poor physicochemical stability of GDNF, as well as its limited ability to cross the blood-spinal cord barrier, hampers the development of GDNF as an effective therapeutic intervention in clinical practice...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590722/injectable-fullerenol-alginate-hydrogel-for-suppression-of-oxidative-stress-damage-in-brown-adipose-derived-stem-cells-and-cardiac-repair
#14
Tong Hao, Junjie Li, Fanglian Yao, Dianyu Dong, Yan Wang, Boguang Yang, Changyong Wang
Stem cell implantation strategy has exhibit potential to treat the myocardial infarction (MI), however, the low retention and survival limit their applications due to the reactive oxygen species (ROS) microenvironment after MI. In this study, the fullerenol nanoparticles are introduced into alginate hydrogel to create an injectable cell delivery vehicle with antioxidant activity. Results suggest that the prepared hydrogels exhibit excellent injectable and mechanical strength. In addition, the fullerenol/alginate hydrogel can effectively scavenge the superoxide anion and hydroxyl radicals...
June 7, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585970/mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-in-injectable-hydrogels-factors-influencing-cellular-uptake-and-viability
#15
Bernhard Baumann, Rainer Wittig, Mika Lindén
The incorporation of nanoparticles as drug vectors into 3D scaffolds has attracted a lot of recent interest. In particular, tissue engineering applications would benefit from a spatially and temporally regulated release of biological cues, which act on precursor/stem cells in a three-dimensional growth environment. Injectable cell- and nanoparticle-containing scaffolds are especially interesting in this respect, but require matrix self-assembly and coordinated interactions between cells, matrices, and nanoparticles, which are largely uncharacterized yet...
June 6, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584674/injectable-hydrogels-for-cartilage-and-bone-tissue-engineering
#16
REVIEW
Mei Liu, Xin Zeng, Chao Ma, Huan Yi, Zeeshan Ali, Xianbo Mou, Song Li, Yan Deng, Nongyue He
Tissue engineering has become a promising strategy for repairing damaged cartilage and bone tissue. Among the scaffolds for tissue-engineering applications, injectable hydrogels have demonstrated great potential for use as three-dimensional cell culture scaffolds in cartilage and bone tissue engineering, owing to their high water content, similarity to the natural extracellular matrix (ECM), porous framework for cell transplantation and proliferation, minimal invasive properties, and ability to match irregular defects...
2017: Bone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583902/ph-responsive-self-healing-injectable-hydrogel-based-on-n-carboxyethyl-chitosan-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-therapy
#17
Jin Qu, Xin Zhao, Peter X Ma, Baolin Guo
Injectable hydrogels with pH-responsiveness and self-healing ability have great potential for anti-cancer drug delivery. Herein, we developed a series of polysaccharide-based self-healing hydrogels with pH-sensitivity as drug delivery vehicles for hepatocellular carcinoma therapy. The hydrogels were prepared by using N-carboxyethyl chitosan (CEC) synthesized via Michael reaction in aqueous solution and dibenzaldehyde-terminated poly(ethylene glycol) (PEGDA). Doxorubicin (Dox), as a model of water-soluble small molecule anti-cancer drug was encapsulated into the hydrogel in situ...
June 2, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582717/modulating-the-phenotype-of-host-macrophages-to-enhance-osteogenesis-in-msc-laden-hydrogels-design-of-a-glucomannan-coating-material
#18
Yiming Niu, Qiu Li, Ruiyu Xie, Shang Liu, Ruibing Wang, Panfei Xing, Yuchen Shi, Yitao Wang, Lei Dong, Chunming Wang
The biomaterials-host interaction is a dynamic process in which macrophages play a vital role of regulation. Depending on the biochemical signals they sense, these highly plastic cells can mediate the immune response against the implanted scaffolds and/or exert regenerative potency to varying extent. Designing appropriate 'exterior signals' for scaffolds may exploit the power of endogenous macrophages to aid the regeneration of engineered tissues. To realise this goal, this study devised an injectable, instantaneously-solidifying coating material (acBSP) based on a unique, macrophage-affinitive glucomannan polysaccharide...
September 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580765/in-vitro-evaluation-of-a-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-containing-hydrogel-toward-vocal-fold-lamina-propria-scar-treatment
#19
Josh D Erndt-Marino, Andrea C Jimenez-Vergara, Patricia Diaz-Rodriguez, Jonathan Kulwatno, Juan Felipe Diaz-Quiroz, Susan Thibeault, Mariah S Hahn
Scarring of the vocal fold lamina propria can lead to debilitating voice disorders that can significantly impair quality of life. The reduced pliability of the scar tissue-which diminishes proper vocal fold vibratory efficiency-results in part from abnormal extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition by vocal fold fibroblasts (VFF) that have taken on a fibrotic phenotype. To address this issue, bioactive materials containing cytokines and/or growth factors may provide a platform to transition fibrotic VFF within the scarred tissue toward an anti-fibrotic phenotype, thereby improving the quality of ECM within the scar tissue...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579543/exenatide-loaded-microsphere-thermosensitive-hydrogel-long-acting-delivery-system-with-high-drug-bioactivity
#20
Puxiu Wang, Xuezhi Zhuo, Wei Chu, Xing Tang
A series of mixed hydrogels of PLGA-PEG-PLGA and PCLA-PEG-PCLA were synthesized, and investigated in terms of their critical micelle concentration, stability and thermosensitive properties. Also, some mixed hydrogel was selected to prepare Depot-gel-in-Ms-in-Matrix-gel system for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Briefly, Exenatide (EXT) loaded hydrogels was encapsulated in PLGA microspheres (Ms) and further encapsulated into blank hydrogel. The mechanism of Exenatide release involved drug diffusion, hydrogel diffusion, PLGA erosion and mixed hydrogel erosion...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
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