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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160381/quality-of-communication-questionnaire-for-copd-patients-receiving-palliative-care-translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-for-use-in-brazil
#1
Flávia Del Castanhel, Suely Grosseman
OBJECTIVE: To translate the Quality of Communication Questionnaire (QOC) to Portuguese and adapt it for use in Brazil in COPD patients receiving palliative care. METHODS: After approval from the first author of the original QOC and the local research ethics committee, the original, 13-item version of the questionnaire was independently translated to Brazilian Portuguese by two Brazilian translators fluent in English. The two translations were analyzed by a bilingual physician and the two Brazilian translators, who reached a consensus and produced another Portuguese version of the QOC...
September 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151803/cognitive-consequences-of-trilingualism
#2
Scott R Schroeder, Viorica Marian
Aims and Objectives: The objectives of the present research were to examine the cognitive consequences of trilingualism and explain them relative to the cognitive consequences of bilingualism. Approach: A comparison of cognitive abilities in trilinguals and bilinguals was conducted. In addition, we proposed a cognitive plasticity framework to account for cognitive differences and similarities between trilinguals and bilinguals. Data and Analysis: Three aspects of cognition were analyzed: (1) cognitive reserve in older adults, as measured by age of onset of Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment; (2) inhibitory control in children and younger adults, as measured by response times on behavioral Simon and flanker tasks; and (3) memory generalization in infants and toddlers, as measured by accuracy on behavioral deferred imitation tasks...
2017: International Journal of Bilingualism: Cross-disciplinary, Cross-linguistic Studies of Language Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146464/language-control-mechanisms-differ-for-native-languages-neuromagnetic-evidence-from-trilingual-language-switching
#3
Suzanne C A Hut, Päivi Helenius, Alina Leminen, Jyrki P Mäkelä, Minna Lehtonen
How does the brain process and control languages that are learned at a different age, when proficiency in all these languages is high? Early acquired strong languages are likely to have higher baseline activation levels than later learned less-dominant languages. However, it is still largely unknown how the activation levels of these different languages are controlled, and how interference from an irrelevant language is prevented. In this magnetoencephalography (MEG) study on language switching during auditory perception, early Finnish-Swedish bilinguals (N=18) who mastered English with high proficiency after childhood were presented with spoken words in each of the three languages, while performing a simple semantic categorisation task...
November 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145920/development-of-spanish-rhotics-in-spanish-english-bilingual-children-in-the-united-states
#4
Mandy R Menke
Rhotics, particularly the trill, are late acquired sounds in Spanish. Reports of Spanish-English bilingual preschoolers document age-appropriate articulations, but studies do not explore productions once exposure to English increases. This paper reports on the rhotic productions of a cross-sectional sample of 31 Spanish-English bilingual children, ages 6;8 to 13;5. Children produced taps with high rates of accuracy across age groups; the trill did not reach 80% target production until age 11;3, later than reported for monolingual speakers...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129834/the-relationship-between-cochlear-implants-and-deaf-identity
#5
Madeleine Chapman, Jesper Dammeyer
The degree to which individuals with cochlear implants (CIs) experience communication difficulties has implications for social participation and identity development. However, few studies have examined the relationship between cochlear implantation, identity, and social participation. Using data from a Danish national survey of deaf adults, the authors examined the significance of having (or not having) a CI in regard to identity (categorized as deaf, hearing, bicultural, and marginal) and various related factors concerning social participation and experiences of being deaf...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125089/the-development-of-determiners-in-the-context-of-french-english-bilingualism-a-study-of-cross-linguistic-influence
#6
Coralie Hervé, Ludovica Serratrice
This paper reports the preliminary results of a study examining the role of structural overlap, language exposure, and language use on cross-linguistic influence (CLI) in bilingual first language acquisition. We focus on the longitudinal development of determiners in a corpus of two French-English children between the ages of 2;4 and 3;7. The results display bi-directional CLI in the rate of development, i.e., accelerated development in English and a minor delay in French. Unidirectional CLI from English to French was instead observed in the significantly higher rate of ungrammatical determiner omissions in plural and generic contexts than in singular specific contexts in French...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121152/diagnostic-accuracy-of-traditional-measures-of-phonological-ability-for-bilingual-preschoolers-and-kindergarteners
#7
Leah Fabiano-Smith, Katherine Hoffman
Purpose: Bilingual children whose phonological skills are evaluated using measures designed for monolingual English speakers are at risk for misdiagnosis of speech sound disorders (De Lamo White & Jin, 2011). Method: Forty-four children participated in this study: 15 typically developing monolingual English speakers, 7 monolingual English speakers with phonological disorders, 14 typically developing bilingual Spanish-English speakers, and 8 bilingual children with phonological disorders...
November 9, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096910/-french-translation-and-validation-of-a-short-version-of-the-suicide-intervention-response-inventory-2-siri-2-vf
#8
C Kopp-Bigault, Y Audouard-Marzin, P Scouarnec, G Beauchamp, M Séguin, M Walter
OBJECTIVES: Training health professionals about suicidal crisis is one major line of suicide prevention worldwide. France has one of the highest suicide rates in Europe, and although crisis intervention training has been set up since 2001, there presently is no training assessment tool in the French language for health professionals trained in suicide prevention. In the four levels of Kirpatrick's education pyramid, training that takes place in France today solely assesses level one status, that is to say relative to the level of satisfaction of participants (self-report)...
October 30, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096236/comparing-working-memory-in-bilingual-and-monolingual-hispanic-latino-preschoolers-with-disruptive-behavior-disorders
#9
Alexis M Garcia, Rosmary Ros, Katie C Hart, Paulo A Graziano
The current study examined differences in working memory (WM) between monolingual and bilingual Hispanic/Latino preschoolers with disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs). A total of 149 children (Mage = 5.10 years, SD = 0.53; 76% male) with elevated levels of DBDs, as indicated by their parents or teachers, were recruited to participate in an 8-week summer program prior to the start of kindergarten (Summer Treatment Program for Pre-Kindergarteners). Prior to the start of treatment, parents completed several measures about their children's behavior and executive function, and children were administered two subtests of the Automated Working Memory Assessment to examine their current WM capabilities...
February 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056823/differential-relationships-between-language-skills-and-working-memory-in-turkish-dutch-and-native-dutch-first-graders-from-low-income-families
#10
Anna M T Bosman, Marije Janssen
In the Netherlands, Turkish-Dutch children constitute a substantial group of children who learn to speak Dutch at the age of four after they learned to speak Turkish. These children are generally academically less successful. Academic success appears to be affected by both language proficiency and working memory skill. The goal of this study was to investigate the relationship between language skills and working memory in Turkish-Dutch and native-Dutch children from low-income families. The findings revealed reduced Dutch language and Dutch working-memory skills for Turkish-Dutch children compared to native-Dutch children...
2017: Reading and Writing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985888/speech-sound-disorders-or-differences-insights-from-bilingual-children-speaking-two-chinese-languages
#11
Kitty K Y Lam, Carol K S To
The study investigated how Putonghua-Cantonese bilingual children differ from monolinguals in their acquisition of speech sound and phonological patterns. Fifty-four typically developing Putonghua-Cantonese bilingual children aged 3;6-6;0 were recruited from nurseries in the North District of Hong Kong. The Hong Kong Cantonese Articulation Test (Cheung et al., 2006) and a Putonghua picture-naming task (Zhu & Dodd, 2000) were used to elicit single-word samples of both languages. Acquisition of speech sound and phonological patterns exhibited by ≥20% of the children in an age group were compared to the normative data on children who were Cantonese native or Putonghua monolingual speakers...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976220/private-speech-in-simultaneous-and-early-spanish-english-bilinguals
#12
Alfredo Ardila, Kate Benettieri, Yoandra Church, Angela Orozco, Carlos Saucedo
This study analyzed private speech in a group of sixty Spanish-English bilinguals. A Private Speech Questionnaire including questions about seven different conditions, that is, spiritual thinking (e.g., praying, meditating), dreaming, thinking, problem-solving, recalling past events, recalling information, and dealing with stress, was designed. Furthermore, the sample was divided into two subgroups: born in the United States (simultaneous bilinguals) and born outside the United States but arriving to the country before the age of 10 (early successive bilinguals)...
October 4, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967765/education-bilingualism-and-cognitive-trajectories-sacramento-area-latino-aging-study-salsa
#13
Dan Mungas, Dawnté R Early, M Maria Glymour, Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri, Mary N Haan
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the influence of education, country where education occurred, and monolingual-bilingual (English/Spanish) language usage on late life cognitive trajectories in the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging (SALSA), an epidemiological study of health and cognition in Hispanics, mostly of Mexican origin, age 60 and over (N = 1,499). METHOD: SALSA followed a large cohort of older Latinos for up to 7 assessment waves from 1998 to 2007. Global cognition was assessed by using the Modified Mini Mental State Examination, and the Spanish English Verbal Learning Test was used to measure episodic memory...
October 2, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961079/theory-of-mind-and-executive-functions-in-young-bilingual-children
#14
SvenOlof Dahlgren, Helena Almén, Annika Dahlgren Sandberg
Few studies have explored the relationship between theory of mind (ToM), executive function (EF), and bilingualism at the same time. In this study 14 young bilingual children were compared with monolingual children on a test battery composed of 5 ToM tests, 5 EF tests, and 1 test of general language ability. The result showed that despite significantly lower verbal ability, the bilingual children outperformed the monolingual ones on tests of EF. There were no differences in ToM performance. The authors argue that there is a strong relationship between bilingualism and EF, but, contrary to results from earlier studies, they could not find any relationship between bilingualism and ToM...
September 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936014/linguistic-predictors-of-cultural-identification-in-bilinguals
#15
Scott R Schroeder, Tuan Q Lam, Viorica Marian
Most of the world's population has knowledge of at least two languages. Many of these bilinguals are also exposed to and identify with at least two cultures. Because language knowledge enables participation in cultural practices and expression of cultural beliefs, bilingual experience and cultural identity are interconnected. However, the specific links between bilingualism and cultural identity remain largely unidentified. The current study examined which aspects of bilingualism relate to identification with first- and second-language cultures...
August 1, 2017: Appl Linguist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928681/how-does-l1-and-l2-exposure-impact-l1-performance-in-bilingual-children-evidence-from-polish-english-migrants-to-the-united-kingdom
#16
Ewa Haman, Zofia Wodniecka, Marta Marecka, Jakub Szewczyk, Marta Białecka-Pikul, Agnieszka Otwinowska, Karolina Mieszkowska, Magdalena Łuniewska, Joanna Kołak, Aneta Miękisz, Agnieszka Kacprzak, Natalia Banasik, Małgorzata Foryś-Nogala
Most studies on bilingual language development focus on children's second language (L2). Here, we investigated first language (L1) development of Polish-English early migrant bilinguals in four domains: vocabulary, grammar, phonological processing, and discourse. We first compared Polish language skills between bilinguals and their Polish non-migrant monolingual peers, and then investigated the influence of the cumulative exposure to L1 and L2 on bilinguals' performance. We then examined whether high exposure to L1 could possibly minimize the gap between monolinguals and bilinguals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926778/korean-immigrants-don-t-buy-health-insurance-the-influences-of-culture-on-self-employed-korean-immigrants-focusing-on-structure-and-functions-of-social-networks
#17
Hyunsung Oh, Chung Hyeon Jeong
Culture has been pinpointed as a culprit of disparities in health insurance coverage between Korean immigrants and other ethnic groups. This study explored specific mechanisms by which culture influences a decision to buy health insurance among self-employed Korean immigrants living in ethnic enclaves by focusing on the structure and functions of social networks. Between March and June 2015, we recruited 24 Korean immigrant adults (aged 18 or older) who identified as self-employed and being uninsured for substantial periods before 2014 in Southern California...
September 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915299/home-and-community-language-proficiency-in-spanish-english-early-bilingual-university-students
#18
Jens Schmidtke
Purpose: This study assessed home and community language proficiency in Spanish-English bilingual university students to investigate whether the vocabulary gap reported in studies of bilingual children persists into adulthood. Method: Sixty-five early bilinguals (mean age = 21 years) were assessed in English and Spanish vocabulary and verbal reasoning ability using subtests of the Woodcock-Muñoz Language Survey-Revised (Schrank & Woodcock, 2009). Their English scores were compared to 74 monolinguals matched in age and level of education...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901672/reading-comprehension-difficulties-in-chinese-english-bilingual-children
#19
Xiuhong Tong, Catherine McBride, Hua Shu, Connie Suk-Han Ho
The co-occurrence of reading comprehension difficulties for first language (L1) Chinese and second language (L2) English and associated longitudinal cognitive-linguistic correlates in each language were investigated. Sixteen poor comprehenders in English and 16 poor comprehenders in Chinese, 18 poor readers in both, and 18 children with normal performance in both were identified at age 10. The prevalence rate for being poor in both was 52.94%, suggesting that approximately half of children who are at risk for Chinese reading comprehension difficulty are also at risk for English reading comprehension difficulty...
September 13, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895004/positive-cognitive-effects-of-bilingualism-and-multilingualism-on-cerebral-function-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Cibel Quinteros Baumgart, Stephen Bates Billick
A review of the current literature regarding bilingualism demonstrates that bilingualism is linked to higher levels of controlled attention and inhibition in executive control and can protect against the decline of executive control in aging by contributing to cognitive reserve. Bilinguals may also have smaller vocabulary size and slower lexical retrieval for each language. The joint activation theory is proposed to explain these results. Older trilingual adults experience more protection against cognitive decline and children and young adults showed similar cognitive advantages to bilinguals in inhibitory control...
September 11, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
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