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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538518/fetal-rhythm-based-language-discrimination-a-biomagnetometry-study
#1
Utako Minai, Kathleen Gustafson, Robert Fiorentino, Allard Jongman, Joan Sereno
Using fetal biomagnetometry, this study measured changes in fetal heart rate to assess discrimination of two rhythmically different languages (English and Japanese). Two-minute passages in English and Japanese were read by the same female bilingual speaker. Twenty-four mother-fetus pairs (mean gestational age=35.5 weeks) participated. Fetal magnetocardiography was recorded while the participants were presented first with passage 1, a passage in English, and then, following an 18 min interval, with passage 2, either a different passage in English (English-English condition: N=12) or in Japanese (English-Japanese condition: N=12)...
May 19, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535193/typicality-effect-and-category-structure-in-spanish-english-bilingual-children-and-adults
#2
Prarthana Shivabasappa, Elizabeth D Peña, Lisa M Bedore
Purpose: The study examines the typicality effect in Spanish-English bilingual children and adults in their 2 languages. Method: Two studies were conducted using a category-generation task to compare the typical items generated by children with those generated by adults. Children in the 1st study differed orthogonally with respect to age (older, younger) and language use (higher Spanish use, higher English use). In the 2nd study, the older and younger children were matched with adults on their current Spanish use to delineate the influence of test language and age...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534731/speech-recognition-in-nonnative-versus-native-english-speaking-college-students-in-a-virtual-classroom
#3
Dorothy Neave-DiToro, Adrienne Rubinstein, Arlene C Neuman
BACKGROUND: Limited attention has been given to the effects of classroom acoustics at the college level. Many studies have reported that nonnative speakers of English are more likely to be affected by poor room acoustics than native speakers. An important question is how classroom acoustics affect speech perception of nonnative college students. PURPOSE: The combined effect of noise and reverberation on the speech recognition performance of college students who differ in age of English acquisition was evaluated under conditions simulating classrooms with reverberation times (RTs) close to ANSI recommended RTs...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516819/temporal-features-of-word-initial-s-stop-clusters-in-bilingual-mandarin-english-children-and-monolingual-english-children-and-adults
#4
Jing Yang
This study investigated the durational features of English word-initial /s/+stop clusters produced by bilingual Mandarin (L1)-English (L2) children and monolingual English children and adults. The participants included two groups of five- to six-year-old bilingual children: low proficiency in the L2 (Bi-low) and high proficiency in the L2 (Bi-high), one group of age-matched English children, and one group of English adults. Each participant produced a list of English words containing /sp, st, sk/ at the word-initial position followed by /a, i, u/, respectively...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513102/how-bilingualism-protects-the-brain-from-aging-insights-from-bimodal-bilinguals
#5
Le Li, Jubin Abutalebi, Karen Emmorey, Gaolang Gong, Xin Yan, Xiaoxia Feng, Lijuan Zou, Guosheng Ding
Bilingual experience can delay cognitive decline during aging. A general hypothesis is that the executive control system of bilinguals faces an increased load due to controlling two languages, and this increased load results in a more "tuned brain" that eventually creates a neural reserve. Here we explored whether such a neuroprotective effect is independent of language modality, i.e., not limited to bilinguals who speak two languages but also occurs for bilinguals who use a spoken and a signed language. We addressed this issue by comparing bimodal bilinguals to monolinguals in order to detect age-induced structural brain changes and to determine whether we can detect the same beneficial effects on brain structure, in terms of preservation of gray matter volume (GMV), for bimodal bilinguals as has been reported for unimodal bilinguals...
May 17, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506324/preposition-accuracy-on-a-sentence-repetition-task-in-school-age-spanish-english-bilinguals
#6
Casey L Taliancich-Klinger, Lisa M Bedore, Elizabeth D Peña
Preposition knowledge is important for academic success. The goal of this project was to examine how different variables such as English input and output, Spanish preposition score, mother education level, and age of English exposure (AoEE) may have played a role in children's preposition knowledge in English. 148 Spanish-English children between 7;0 and 9;11 produced prepositions in English and Spanish on a sentence repetition task from an experimental version of the Bilingual English Spanish Assessment Middle Extension (Peña, Bedore, Gutierrez-Clellen, Iglesias & Goldstein, in development)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505217/effect-of-combined-patient-decision-aid-and-patient-navigation-vs-usual-care-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-a-vulnerable-patient-population-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Daniel S Reuland, Alison T Brenner, Richard Hoffman, Andrew McWilliams, Robert L Rhyne, Christina Getrich, Hazel Tapp, Mark A Weaver, Danelle Callan, Laura Cubillos, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Michael P Pignone
Importance: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is underused, especially among vulnerable populations. Decision aids and patient navigation are potentially complementary interventions for improving CRC screening rates, but their combined effect on screening completion is unknown. Objective: To determine the combined effect of a CRC screening decision aid and patient navigation compared with usual care on CRC screening completion. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this randomized clinical trial, data were collected from January 2014 to March 2016 at 2 community health center practices, 1 in North Carolina and 1 in New Mexico, serving vulnerable populations...
May 15, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490323/lifetime-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-among-first-and-second-generation-individuals-with-turkish-migration-backgrounds-in-germany
#8
Demet Dingoyan, Holger Schulz, Ulrike Kluge, Simone Penka, Azra Vardar, Alessa von Wolff, Jens Strehle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Uwe Koch, Andreas Heinz, Mike Mösko
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on the lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds in Germany, as there is a lack of reliable epidemiological data on this subject. METHODS: In total, 662 adults with Turkish migration backgrounds were interviewed in Hamburg and Berlin by trained, bilingual interviewers using the computerized Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI DIA-X Version 2.8) to assess diagnoses according to the DSM-IVTR...
May 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484403/cognitive-advantages-of-bilingual-children-in-different-sociolinguistic-contexts
#9
Elma Blom, Tessel Boerma, Evelyn Bosma, Leonie Cornips, Emma Everaert
Many studies have shown that bilingual children outperform monolinguals on tasks testing executive functioning, but other studies have not revealed any effect of bilingualism. In this study we compared three groups of bilingual children in the Netherlands, aged 6-7 years, with a monolingual control group. We were specifically interested in testing whether the bilingual cognitive advantage is modulated by the sociolinguistic context of language use. All three bilingual groups were exposed to a minority language besides the nation's dominant language (Dutch)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481658/the-effects-of-bilingual-status-on-lexical-comprehension-and-production-in-maltese-five-year-old-children-a-litmus-clt-study
#10
Daniela Gatt, Donna Attard, Magdalena Łuniewska, Ewa Haman
This article investigates whether the bilingual status of 56 typically developing children aged 60-69 months influenced their lexical abilities. The participants were identified as Maltese-dominant (Me) (n = 21), English-dominant (Em) (n = 15) and balanced bilingual (ME) (n = 20) on the basis of language exposure and proficiency, as reported by their parents. Comprehension and production of nouns and verbs were measured using Cross-Linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT) in Maltese (CLT-MT) and British English (CLT-EN)...
May 8, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479786/study-of-sleep-disorders-among-young-children-using-hindi-translated-and-validated-version-of-pediatric-sleep-questionnaire
#11
Ravi Gupta, Ramjan Ali, Sunanda Verma, Kriti Joshi, Mohan Dhyani, Kanchan Bhasin, Neha Bhasin, Jatin Goyal
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of sleep disorders among children aging between 4 and 9 years using Hindi version of Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). METHODS: This study had two parts first, translation and validation of PSQ into Hindi language, and second, assessment of the prevalence of sleep disorders using PSQ Hindi version. Hindi PSQ was distributed in randomly chosen primary schools in a semi-urban area. The children were requested to get them filled by their parents...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474423/development-and-validation-of-a-chinese-medication-literacy-measure
#12
Ying-Chih Yeh, Hsiang-Wen Lin, Elizabeth H Chang, Yen-Ming Huang, Yu-Chieh Chen, Chun-Yu Wang, Jen-Wei Liu, Yu Ko
BACKGROUND: Despite the impact of medication literacy (ML) on patients' safe use of medications, existing instruments are mostly for general health literacy measurement or designed for specific disease populations, with few specifically designed for ML. OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the first Chinese medication literacy measure (ChMLM). METHODS: The ChMLM was developed by a multidisciplinary and bilingual expert panel and subsequently pilot-tested...
May 5, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441085/noun-and-verb-knowledge-in-monolingual-preschool-children-across-17-languages-data-from-cross-linguistic-lexical-tasks-litmus-clt
#13
Ewa Haman, Magdalena Łuniewska, Pernille Hansen, Hanne Gram Simonsen, Shula Chiat, Jovana Bjekić, Agnė Blažienė, Katarzyna Chyl, Ineta Dabašinskienė, Pascale Engel de Abreu, Natalia Gagarina, Anna Gavarró, Gisela Håkansson, Efrat Harel, Elisabeth Holm, Svetlana Kapalková, Sari Kunnari, Chiara Levorato, Josefin Lindgren, Karolina Mieszkowska, Laia Montes Salarich, Anneke Potgieter, Ingeborg Ribu, Natalia Ringblom, Tanja Rinker, Maja Roch, Daniela Slančová, Frenette Southwood, Roberta Tedeschi, Aylin Müge Tuncer, Özlem Ünal-Logacev, Jasmina Vuksanović, Sharon Armon-Lotem
This article investigates the cross-linguistic comparability of the newly developed lexical assessment tool Cross-linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT). LITMUS-CLT is a part the Language Impairment Testing in Multilingual Settings (LITMUS) battery (Armon-Lotem, de Jong & Meir, 2015). Here we analyse results on receptive and expressive word knowledge tasks for nouns and verbs across 17 languages from eight different language families: Baltic (Lithuanian), Bantu (isiXhosa), Finnic (Finnish), Germanic (Afrikaans, British English, South African English, German, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish), Romance (Catalan, Italian), Semitic (Hebrew), Slavic (Polish, Serbian, Slovak) and Turkic (Turkish)...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441074/assessing-lebanese-bilingual-children-the-use-of-cross-linguistic-lexical-tasks-in-lebanese-arabic
#14
Christel Khoury Aouad Saliby, Christophe Dos Santos, Edith Kouba Hreich, Camille Messarra
Since norms for vocabulary acquisition in Lebanese bilingual children (L1: Lebanese, L2: French and/or English) do not yet exist, clinical assessment based on normative data and using appropriate tools remains difficult for speech and language therapists. The current study focuses on exploring and comparing lexical performances of typically developing Lebanese bilingual children (32 Bi-TD, aged 5;7 to 6;9) and those with specific language impairment (10 Bi-SLI, aged 5;9 to 7;10), using cross-linguistic lexical tasks (LITMUS-CLT, COST Action IS0804, 2011) in Lebanese Arabic language (CLT-LB), specific to the Lebanese context...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441063/validating-the-psycholinguistic-aspects-of-litmus-clt-evidence-from-polish-and-norwegian
#15
Pernille Hansen, Hanne Gram Simonsen, Magdalena Łuniewska, Ewa Haman
The novel assessment tool Cross-Linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT) aims for comparable cross-linguistic assessment of multilingual children's lexical skills by basing each language version on two language-specific variables: age of acquisition (AoA) and complexity index (CI), a novel measure related to phonology, morphology, exposure and etymology. This article investigates the validity of this methodology, asking whether the underlying properties are robust predictors of children's performance. The Polish and Norwegian CLTs were used to assess 32 bilingual Polish-Norwegian, 34 monolingual Norwegian and 36 monolingual Polish children...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436757/bilingualism-and-age-are-continuous-variables-that-influence-executive-function
#16
Sara Incera, Conor T McLennan
We analyzed the effects of bilingualism and age on executive function. We examined these variables along a continuum, as opposed to dichotomizing them. We investigated the impact that bilingualism and age have on two measures of executive control (Stroop and Flanker). The mouse-tracking paradigm allowed us to examine the continuous dynamics of the responses as participants completed each trial. First, we found that the Stroop effect was reduced with younger age and higher levels of bilingualism; however, no Bilingualism by Age interaction emerged...
April 24, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421645/grammaticality-differences-between-spanish-speaking-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-their-typically-developing-peers
#17
Donna Jackson-Maldonado, Ricardo Maldonado
BACKGROUND: A limited number of studies have analyzed grammaticality in monolingual Spanish-speaking children with specific language impairment (SLI). Most of the available data are based on bilingual speakers. AIMS: To extend previous studies by doing a more detailed analysis of grammatical types in monolingual Spanish-speakers with and without SLI. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Forty-nine Spanish-speaking children (18 with SLI, 17 age-matched typically developing controls, 14 language-matched controls) were recruited from schools in Mexico and observed in a spontaneous narrative task...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415142/neural-correlates-of-cognitive-processing-in-monolinguals-and-bilinguals
#18
REVIEW
John G Grundy, John A E Anderson, Ellen Bialystok
Here, we review the neural correlates of cognitive control associated with bilingualism. We demonstrate that lifelong practice managing two languages orchestrates global changes to both the structure and function of the brain. Compared with monolinguals, bilinguals generally show greater gray matter volume, especially in perceptual/motor regions, greater white matter integrity, and greater functional connectivity between gray matter regions. These changes complement electroencephalography findings showing that bilinguals devote neural resources earlier than monolinguals...
May 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410971/the-association-between-parity-and-inflammation-among-mexican-american-women-of-reproductive-age-varies-by-acculturation-level-results-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2006
#19
Natalya Rosenberg, Martha L Daviglus, Holli A DeVon, Chang Gi Park, Kamal Eldeirawi
INTRODUCTION: Parity and acculturation are linked with cardiometabolic risk. Their joint association with cardiometabolic health among Mexican-American women is less established, even though immigrant Mexican-American women have the highest fertility rate in the United States. We examined the modifying role of acculturation on the association of parity with a cardiometabolic risk biomarker, C-reactive protein (CRP). METHODS: Participants (n = 1,002) were women of Mexican background, ages 16 to 39 years, in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 1999 through 2006...
April 11, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409657/estimates-of-functional-cerebral-hemispheric-differences-in-monolingual-and-bilingual-people-who-stutter-dual-task-paradigm
#20
Myriam Kornisch, Michael P Robb, Richard D Jones
The inter-relationship of stuttering and bilingualism to functional cerebral hemispheric processing was examined on a dual-task paradigm. Eighty native German (L1) speakers, half of whom were sequential bilinguals (L2 = English), were recruited. The participants (mean age = 38.9 years) were organised into four different groups according to speech status and language ability: 20 bilinguals who stutter (BWS), 20 monolinguals who stutter (MWS), 20 bilinguals who do not stutter (BWNS), and 20 monolinguals who do not stutter (MWNS)...
2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
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