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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077000/specificity-rates-for-non-clinical-bilingual-mexican-americans-on-three-popular-performance-validity-measures
#1
Philip G Gasquoine, Amy A Weimer, Arnoldo Amador
OBJECTIVE: To measure specificity as failure rates for non-clinical, bilingual, Mexican Americans on three popular performance validity measures: (a) the language format Reliable Digit Span; (b) visual-perceptual format Test of Memory Malingering; and (c) visual-perceptual format Dot Counting, using optimal/suboptimal effort cut scores developed for monolingual, English-speakers. METHODS: Participants were 61 consecutive referrals, aged between 18 and 65 years, with <16 years of education who were subjectively bilingual (confirmed via formal assessment) and chose the language of assessment, Spanish or English, for the performance validity tests...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071971/neuropsychological-implications-of-cobalamin-c-cblc-disease-in-hispanic-children-detected-through-newborn-screening
#2
Ashley M Whitaker, Nina Hattiangadi Thomas, Lauren S Krivitzky, Can H Ficicioglu
Cobalamin C (CblC) disease is the most common inborn error of cobalamin metabolism and recent data has indicated a higher prevalence among children of Hispanic heritage in particular. The purpose of this study was to (a) describe the neuropsychological characteristics of a pilot sample of Hispanic children with CblC disease and (b) explore potential differences in outcome based on underlying genetic mutation(s) and biochemical levels. Six Hispanic children (ages 2-10) diagnosed with CblC disease through newborn screening (NBS) underwent neuropsychological evaluation with a bilingual examiner...
January 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065799/experiences-in-care-by-parental-citizenship-and-language-use-among-latino-children-in-california
#3
Alexander N Ortega, Ryan M McKenna, Brent A Langellier, Héctor E Alcalá, Dylan H Roby
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in healthcare access, utilization, and experiences among Latino children in California by parental citizenship status and language use. METHODS: Data are from the 2011 and 2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) public use child files. A total of 2,841 interviews of parents of Latino children under the age of twelve years were conducted. Analyses were conducted to determine the associations between access (usual of source of care, delay in receiving needed care, health insurance), utilization (physician visits in past year, emergency department visits) and experiences (doctor listens, doctor explains instructions clearly, communication by telephone or email) by parental citizenship status and household language use after adjusting for confounders...
January 5, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055056/synthesizing-information-from-language-samples-and-standardized-tests-in-school-age-bilingual-assessment
#4
Kerry Danahy Ebert, Giang Pham
Purpose: Although language samples and standardized tests are regularly used in assessment, few studies provide clinical guidance on how to synthesize information from these testing tools. This study extends previous work on the relations between tests and language samples to a new population-school-age bilingual speakers with primary language impairment-and considers the clinical implications for bilingual assessment. Method: Fifty-one bilingual children with primary language impairment completed narrative language samples and standardized language tests in English and Spanish...
January 3, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032442/reading-comprehension-and-immersion-schooling-evidence-from-component-skills
#5
Laura Birke Hansen, Julia Morales, Pedro Macizo, Jon Andoni Duñabeitia, David Saldaña, Manuel Carreiras, Luis J Fuentes, M Teresa Bajo
The present research aims to assess literacy acquisition in children becoming bilingual via second language immersion in school. We adopt a cognitive components approach, assessing text-level reading comprehension, a complex literacy skill, as well as underlying cognitive and linguistic components in 144 children aged 7 to 14 (72 immersion bilinguals, 72 controls). Using principal component analysis, a nuanced pattern of results was observed: although emergent bilinguals lag behind their monolingual counterparts on measures of linguistic processing, they showed enhanced performance on a memory and reasoning component...
January 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025589/bilingualism-and-phonological-awareness-re-examining-theories-of-cross-language-transfer-and-structural-sensitivity
#6
Li-Jen Kuo, Yuuko Uchikoshi, Tae-Jin Kim, Xinyuan Yang
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between bilingualism and phonological awareness by re-evaluating structural sensitivity theory and expanding cross-language transfer theory. The study was conducted with three groups of 1(st) and 2(nd) graders matched in age, SES and non-verbal IQ: a) monolingual English-speaking children from a general education program, b) native Japanese-speaking children from a Japanese-English two-way immersion bilingual program and c) native English-speaking children from the same bilingual program...
July 2016: Contemporary Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018262/the-relationship-between-emotion-comprehension-and-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-in-7-to-10-year-old-children
#7
Ariane Göbel, Anne Henning, Corina Möller, Gisa Aschersleben
The influence of internalizing and externalizing problems on children's understanding of others' emotions has mainly been investigated on basic levels of emotion comprehension. So far, studies assessing more sophisticated levels of emotion comprehension reported deficits in the ability to understand others' emotions in children with severe internalizing or externalizing symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between emotion comprehension and interindividual differences, with a focus on internalizing and externalizing behavior in children aged 7-10 years from the general population...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004615/healthy-eating-patterns-associated-with-acculturation-sex-and-bmi-among-mexican-americans
#8
Belinda Reininger, MinJae Lee, Rose Jennings, Alexandra Evans, Michelle Vidoni
OBJECTIVE: Examine relationships of healthy and unhealthy dietary patterns with BMI, sex, age and acculturation among Mexican Americans. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. Participants completed culturally tailored Healthy and Unhealthy Eating Indices. Multivariable mixed-effect Poisson regression models compared food pattern index scores and dietary intake of specific foods by BMI, sex, age and acculturation defined by language preference and generational status. SETTING: Participants recruited from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort study, Texas-Mexico border region, between 2008 and 2011...
December 22, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981872/french-canadian-translation-and-validation-of-four-questionnaires-assessing-hearing-impairment-and-handicap
#9
Claude Vincent, Jean-Pierre Gagné, Tony Leroux, Audrey Clothier, Marianne Larivière, Frédéric S Dumont, Martine Gendron
OBJECTIVE: Questionnaires evaluating hearing impairment are available in English but there is a need for French standardised questionnaires for researchers as well as for audiologists and other clinicians. The objective of this study is to describe the translation and validation of four questionnaires that assess different aspects of hearing impairment and handicap among elders with hearing loss, by comparing the main score and psychometric evaluation of original and French-Canadian (FC) versions of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale II (WHO-DAS II), the Screening Test for Hearing Problems (STHP), the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB) and the Measure of Audiologic Rehabilitation Self-Efficacy for Hearing Aids (MARS-HA)...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973321/assessing-successive-bilinguals-in-two-languages-a-longitudinal-look-at-english-speaking-children-in-france
#10
Maureen Scheidnes, Laurice Tuller
: This study examines longitudinal standardized test scores in both languages of a group of successive bilinguals with L1 English acquiring L2 French. Participants included 22 native English-speaking children living in France. French was evaluated using a standardized receptive vocabulary test, as well as tests of phonology and morphosyntax. English was evaluated using the Core Language Score subtests from the CELF-4-UK. The children varied in age (6;9-12;7) and length of exposure (0;11-3;9) to French and were tested twice at 12-month intervals...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936212/effect-of-simultaneous-bilingualism-on-speech-intelligibility-across-different-masker-types-modalities-and-signal-to-noise-ratios-in-school-age-children
#11
Rachel Reetzke, Boji Pak-Wing Lam, Zilong Xie, Li Sheng, Bharath Chandrasekaran
Recognizing speech in adverse listening conditions is a significant cognitive, perceptual, and linguistic challenge, especially for children. Prior studies have yielded mixed results on the impact of bilingualism on speech perception in noise. Methodological variations across studies make it difficult to converge on a conclusion regarding the effect of bilingualism on speech-in-noise performance. Moreover, there is a dearth of speech-in-noise evidence for bilingual children who learn two languages simultaneously...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920732/the-ipad-as-a-research-tool-for-the-understanding-of-english-plurals-by-english-chinese-and-other-l1-speaking-3-and-4-year-olds
#12
Nan Xu Rattanasone, Benjamin Davies, Tamara Schembri, Fabia Andronos, Katherine Demuth
Learning about what young children with limited spoken language know about the grammar of their language is extremely challenging. Researchers have traditionally used looking behavior as a measure of language processing and to infer what overt choices children might make. However, these methods are expensive to setup, require specialized training, are time intensive for data analysis and can have considerable dropout rates. For these reasons, we have developed a forced choice task delivered on an iPad based on our eye-tracking studies with English monolinguals (Davies et al...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916386/beneficial-effect-of-bilingualism-on-alzheimer-s-disease-csf-biomarkers-and-cognition
#13
Ainara Estanga, Mirian Ecay-Torres, Almudena Ibañez, Andrea Izagirre, Jorge Villanua, Maite Garcia-Sebastian, M Teresa Iglesias Gaspar, Ane Otaegui-Arrazola, Ane Iriondo, Monserrat Clerigue, Pablo Martinez-Lage
Bilingualism as a component of cognitive reserve has been claimed to delay the onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, its effect on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) AD-biomarkers has not been investigated. We assessed cognitive performance and CSF AD-biomarkers, and potential moderation effect of bilingualism on the association between age, CSF AD-biomarkers, and cognition. Cognitively healthy middle-aged participants classified as monolinguals (n = 100, nCSF = 59), early (n = 81, nCSF = 55) and late bilinguals (n = 97, nCSF = 52) were evaluated...
February 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894901/bilingualism-yields-language-specific-plasticity-in-left-hemisphere-s-circuitry-for-learning-to-read-in-young-children
#14
K K Jasińska, M S Berens, I Kovelman, L A Petitto
How does bilingual exposure impact children's neural circuitry for learning to read? Theories of bilingualism suggests that exposure to two languages may yield a functional and neuroanatomical adaptation to support the learning of two languages (Klein et al., 2014). To test the hypothesis that this neural adaptation may vary as a function of structural and orthographic characteristics of bilinguals' two languages, we compared Spanish-English and French-English bilingual children, and English monolingual children, using functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy neuroimaging (fNIRS, ages 6-10, N =26)...
November 25, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881073/bilingualism-in-older-mexican-american-immigrants-is-associated-with-higher-scores-on-cognitive-screening
#15
Claudia Padilla, Mario F Mendez, Elvira E Jimenez, Edmond Teng
BACKGROUND: Bilingualism may protect against cognitive aging and delay the onset of dementia. However, studies comparing monolinguals and bilinguals on such metrics have produced inconsistent results complicated by confounding variables and methodological concerns. METHODS: We addressed this issue by comparing cognitive performance in a more culturally homogeneous cohort of older Spanish-speaking monolingual (n = 289) and Spanish-English bilingual (n = 339) Mexican-American immigrants from the Sacramento Longitudinal Study on Aging...
November 24, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876508/a-behavioural-and-electrophysiological-investigation-of-the-effect-of-bilingualism-on-aging-and-cognitive-control
#16
Shanna Kousaie, Natalie A Phillips
Given previous, but inconsistent, findings of language group differences on cognitive control tasks the current investigation examined whether such differences could be demonstrated in a sample of older bilingual adults. Monolingual and bilingual older adults performed three cognitive control tasks that have previously been used in the literature (i.e., Stroop, Simon and flanker tasks) while brain electrophysiological recordings took place. Both behavioural (response time and accuracy) and event-related brain potentials (ERPs; N2 and P3 amplitude and latency) were compared across the two language groups...
January 8, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866671/biology-enters-the-scene-a-new-perspective-on-bilingualism-cognition-and-dementia
#17
EDITORIAL
Thomas H Bak, Ian Robertson
The question of whether bilingualism can influence cognitive functions in healthy aging as well as in brain diseases is currently a topic of an intense debate. In a study published in this issue of the "Neurobiology of Ageing", Estanga et al. are breaking new ground by combining cognitive and biological approaches. Based on the data from the Guipuzkoa Alzheimer Project, they report that, compared with monolinguals, early bilinguals are not only characterized by a better cognitive performance in several domains and a lower prevalence of Alzheimer's disease but also by lower levels of t-tau in their cerebrospinal fluid...
February 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860099/bilingualism-affects-9-month-old-infants-expectations-about-how-words-refer-to-kinds
#18
Krista Byers-Heinlein
Infants are precocious word learners, and seem to possess systematic expectations about how words refer to object kinds. For example, while monolingual infants show a one-to-one mapping bias (e.g. mutual exclusivity), expecting each object to have only one basic level label, previous research has shown that this is less robust in bi- and multilinguals aged 1.5 years and older. This study examined the early origins of such one-to-one mapping biases by comparing monolingual and bilingual 9-10-month-olds' expectations about the relationship between labels and object kinds...
January 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854461/the-development-of-spontaneous-sound-shape-matching-in-monolingual-and-bilingual-infants-during-the-first-year
#19
Jovana Pejovic, Monika Molnar
Recently it has been proposed that sensitivity to nonarbitrary relationships between speech sounds and objects potentially bootstraps lexical acquisition. However, it is currently unclear whether preverbal infants (e.g., before 6 months of age) with different linguistic profiles are sensitive to such nonarbitrary relationships. Here, the authors assessed 4- and 12-month-old Basque monolingual and Spanish-Basque bilingual infants' sensitivity to cross-modal correspondences between sound symbolic nonwords without syllable repetition (buba, kike) and drawings of rounded and angular shapes...
November 17, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832679/-do-early-cochlear-implanted-toddlers-show-a-better-speech-development-than-later-implanted-children
#20
K Kral, R Lang-Roth, N Hilger, B Streicher
Objective: Long term goal in early cochlea implantation in children without any additional disabilities is an age-appropriate speech development. Material and Methods: Speech development in deaf children with cochlear-implant(s) (n=60) was examined with the german language test battery SETK-2 ("Sprachentwicklungstest für 2-jährige Kinder") 2 years after first mapping of the speech processor. Results: More than 68% of the subjects show in all 4 subtests hearing-age equivalent results in receptive and expressive language...
November 10, 2016: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
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