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bilingualism aging

Jordana Salma, Kathleen F Hunter, Linda Ogilvie, Norah Keating
Background Arab immigrants have increasing rates of stroke and uncontrolled stroke risk factors coupled with minimal resources for stroke prevention. Purpose This article describes the results of an interpretive descriptive study about Arab immigrant women's experiences of practicing stroke prevention. We use an intersectionality approach to discuss some of the factors that influenced women's ability to manage their health. Methods Sixteen middle-aged and older Arab Muslim immigrant women were recruited between 2015 and 2016 from two religious centers in an urban Canadian center...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
Ying Hao, Lisa M Bedore, Li Sheng, Elizabeth D Peña
PURPOSE: Narrative skills between Mandarin and English in Mandarin-English (ME) bilingual children were compared, exploring cross-linguistic interactions of these skills, and influences of age and current language experience (input and output) on narrative performance. METHOD: Macrostructure and microstructure in elicited narratives from 21 ME bilingual children were analysed. Language experience was collected by parent report and entered as a covariate. Repeated measures analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was conducted to compare the two languages...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Lisa H Milman, Yasmeen Faroqi-Shah, Chris D Corcoran, Deanna M Damele
Purpose: Performance on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), among the most widely used global screens of adult cognitive status, is affected by demographic variables including age, education, and ethnicity. This study extends prior research by examining the specific effects of bilingualism on MMSE performance. Method: Sixty independent community-dwelling monolingual and bilingual adults were recruited from eastern and western regions of the United States in this cross-sectional group study...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Gloria Pino Escobar, Marina Kalashnikova, Paola Escudero
The role of early bilingual experience in the development of skills in the general cognitive and linguistic domains remains poorly understood. This study investigated the link between these two domains by assessing inhibitory control processes in school-aged monolingual and bilingual children with similar English receptive vocabulary size. The participants, 8-year-old monolinguals and bilinguals, completed two Verbal Fluency Tasks (VFTs), letter and category, and two measures of inhibitory control. Results showed that bilinguals outperformed monolinguals on the VFTs, but performance was similar on the inhibitory control measures approaching ceiling for both monolingual and bilingual children...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Parisa Tehranifar, Carmen B Rodriguez, Ayana April-Sanders, Elise Desperito, Karen M Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer incidence is lower in many U.S ethnic minority and foreign-born population groups. Investigating whether migration and acculturation patterns in risk are reflected in disease biomarkers may help to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: We compared the distribution of breast cancer risk factors across U.S.-born white, African American and Hispanic women, and foreign-born Hispanic women (n=477, ages 40-64 years, 287 born in Caribbean countries)...
February 23, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Jisook Park, Carol A Miller, David A Rosenbaum, Teenu Sanjeevan, Janet G van Hell, Daniel J Weiss, Elina Mainela-Arnold
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate whether dual language experience affects procedural learning ability in typically developing children and in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Method: We examined procedural learning in monolingual and bilingual school-aged children (ages 8-12 years) with and without SLI. The typically developing children (35 monolinguals, 24 bilinguals) and the children with SLI (17 monolinguals, 10 bilinguals) completed a serial reaction time task...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Stephanie M Grasso, Elizabeth D Peña, Lisa M Bedore, J Gregory Hixon, Zenzi M Griffin
Purpose: Bilinguals tend to produce cognates (e.g., telephone in English and teléfono in Spanish) more accurately than they produce noncognates (table/mesa). We tested whether the same holds for bilingual children with specific language impairment (SLI). Method: Participants included Spanish-English bilingual children (aged 5;0 to 9;11 [years;months]), 25 with SLI and 92 without, who had comparable language experience. Cognate and noncognate items were taken from English and Spanish versions of the Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test (Brownell, 2000, 2001)...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Francesca Forli, Giada Giuntini, Annalisa Ciabotti, Luca Bruschini, Ulrika Löfkvist, Stefano Berrettini
OBJECTIVES: To compare the results after cochlear implantation achieved by monolingual and bilingual deaf children implanted at our Institution, with the aim of understanding if there are any differences between the two groups and if there is a correlation between the outcomes and some patients' variables. METHODS: The study group was composed by 14 bilingual deaf children and the control group by the same number of monolingual children implanted at our Institution...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Dolors Girbau
PURPOSE: This paper examines whether bilingual children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) showed limited comprehension of Direct Object (DO) pronoun sentences and/or morphosyntactic priming compared to children with Typical Language Development (TLD) and adults. We analyzed the relation of these morphosyntactic processes to other psycholinguistic abilities, according to the MUC (Memory-Unification-Control) model. METHOD: Ten bilingual native Spanish-speaking children with SLI (8;3-10;6) and 10 age-matched children with TLD (7;6-10;10) received a psycholinguistic evaluation in Spanish-English...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Joeri van Hugten, Arjen van Witteloostuijn
The rise of bilingual education triggers an important question: which language is preferred for a particular school activity? Our field experiment (n = 120) shows that students (aged 13-15) who process feedback in non-native English have greater self-serving bias than students who process feedback in their native Dutch. By contrast, literature on the foreign-language emotionality effect suggests a weaker self-serving bias in the non-native language, so our result adds nuance to that literature. The result is important to schools as it suggests that teachers may be able to reduce students' defensiveness and demotivation by communicating negative feedback in the native language, and teachers may be able to increase students' confidence and motivation by communicating positive feedback in the foreign language...
2018: PloS One
Haris Ahmad, Rubaba Naeem, Asher Feroze, Nukhba Zia, Amarah Shakoor, Uzma Rahim Khan, Asad Iqbal Mian
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) commonly affect the younger population in low- and-middle-income countries. School children may be educated about road safety using storybooks with colorful pictures, which tends to increase the child's interest in the text. Therefore, this study assessed the use of bilingual pictorial storybooks to improve RTI prevention knowledge among school children. METHODS: This pretest-posttest study was conducted in eight public and nine private schools of Karachi, Pakistan, between February to May 2015...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Tawny Tsang, Natsuki Atagi, Scott P Johnson
Infants increasingly attend to the mouths of others during the latter half of the first postnatal year, and individual differences in selective attention to talking mouths during infancy predict verbal skills during toddlerhood. There is some evidence suggesting that trajectories in mouth-looking vary by early language environment, in particular monolingual or bilingual language exposure, which may have differential consequences in developing sensitivity to the communicative and social affordances of the face...
May 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Anny P Castilla-Earls, Ana Teresa Perez-Leroux, María Adelaida Restrepo, Daniel Gaile, Ziqiang Chen
This study investigated the use of the Spanish subjunctive in bilingual children with and without specific language impairments (SLI). Using an elicited production task, we examined: (1) the potential of the subjunctive as a grammatical marker of SLI in Spanish-English bilingual children, (2) the extent to which degree of bilingualism affects performance, and (3) the specific patterns of errors across groups. The participants in this study were 16 children with SLI and 16 typically developing children (TD) matched on age, English language proficiency, and mother's education level...
2018: Language Acquisition
Meredith Trubitt, Ogechika Alozie, Gurjeet Shokar, Silvia Flores, Navkiran K Shokar
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe access and health-related use of the Internet and cell phones, and attitudes toward patient portals among a predominantly Hispanic patient population residing along the U.S.-Mexico border. METHODS: A bilingual cross-sectional survey was conducted in two clinics to describe use and attitudes toward use of Web 2.0 technology for health-related activities. Univariate and multivariable analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with past Web 2...
February 2, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Henriette Raudszus, Eliane Segers, Ludo Verhoeven
This study compared how lexical quality (vocabulary and decoding) and executive control (working memory and inhibition) predict reading comprehension directly as well as indirectly, via syntactic integration, in monolingual and bilingual fourth grade children. The participants were 76 monolingual and 102 bilingual children (mean age 10 years, SD = 5 months) learning to read Dutch in the Netherlands. Bilingual children showed lower Dutch vocabulary, syntactic integration and reading comprehension skills, but better decoding skills than their monolingual peers...
2018: Reading and Writing
Jamie L Desjardins, Francisco Fernandez
Purpose: Bilingual individuals have been shown to be more proficient on visual tasks of inhibition compared with their monolingual counterparts. However, the bilingual advantage has not been evidenced in all studies, and very little is known regarding how bilingualism influences inhibitory control in the perception of auditory information. The purpose of the current study was to examine inhibition of irrelevant information using auditory and visual tasks in English monolingual and Spanish-English bilingual adults...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Virgina M Borsa, Daniela Perani, Pasquale A Della Rosa, Gerda Videsott, Lucia Guidi, Brendan S Weekes, Rita Franceschini, Jubin Abutalebi
Speaking more than one language is associated with neurocognitive benefits in seniors (Alladi et al. 2013). Few studies however have tested this hypothesis directly by comparing bilingual seniors who vary in chronological age. We report a Voxel-Based Morphometry (VBM) study showing cumulative effects of age on grey matter volume (GMV) in brain structures that are involved in cognitive control in bilingual seniors and found no differences in RT or accuracy between bilingual and monolingual seniors on a behavioral test of cognitive control called the Attentional Network Task (ANT), and no differences in GMV for selected ROIs between groups...
January 18, 2018: Neuropsychologia
Judith Wylie-Rosett, Adriana E Groisman-Perelstein, Pamela M Diamantis, Camille C Jimenez, Viswanathan Shankar, Beth A Conlon, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Carmen R Isasi, Sarah N Martin, Mindy Ginsberg, Nirupa R Matthan, Alice H Lichtenstein
BACKGROUND: Implementing evidence-based recommendations for treating pediatric overweight and obesity is challenging in low-resource settings. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of implementing the American Academy of Pediatrics overweight/obesity recommendations using a Standard Care approach alone or with the addition of an enhanced program in a safety-net pediatric primary care setting (located in Bronx, New York, United States). METHODS: In a 12-month trial, families of children (age 7-12 years; body mass index ≥85th American percentile for age and sex; 74% self-identified as Hispanic/Latino; n = 360) were randomly assigned to receive Standard Care Alone or Standard Care + Enhanced Program...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Michelle Heng Yue Cheong, Selena Ee-Li Young, Dawn Patricia Chuan Yu Young, Mary Lay Choo Lee, Susan Jane Rickard Liow
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the early reading abilities, and related cognitive-linguistic processes, in bilingual children with nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P), and to identify deficits that might be amenable to intervention. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Bilingual participants with CL/P aged 5 to 6 years who were English-dominant ( n=17) or Mandarin-dominant ( n=18) were recruited using consecutive sampling from a national cleft treatment center and matched pairwise to a sample of typically developing (TD) children on language dominance, age, and socioeconomic status...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Vasiliki Chondrogianni, Nerys John
BACKGROUND: Grammatical morphology has been shown to be problematic for children with specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental language disorder (DLD). Most research on this topic comes from widely spoken languages, such as English. Despite Welsh being the most extensively spoken indigenous in the UK after English, and Wales being the only official bilingual country in the UK, our knowledge about the morphosyntactic areas of Welsh that may pose problems for Welsh-speaking children with SLI is limited...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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