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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192276/abortion-health-services-in-canada-results-of-a-2012-national-survey
#1
Wendy V Norman, Edith R Guilbert, Christopher Okpaleke, Althea S Hayden, E Steven Lichtenberg, Maureen Paul, Katharine O'Connell White, Heidi E Jones
OBJECTIVE: To determine the location of Canadian abortion services relative to where reproductive-age women reside, and the characteristics of abortion facilities and providers. DESIGN: An international survey was adapted for Canadian relevance. Public sources and professional networks were used to identify facilities. The bilingual survey was distributed by mail and e-mail from July to November 2013. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 94 abortion facilities were identified...
April 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170406/youth-as-contested-sites-of-culture-the-intergenerational-acculturation-gap-amongst-new-migrant-communities-parental-and-young-adult-perspectives
#2
Andre M N Renzaho, Nidhi Dhingra, Nichole Georgeou
BACKGROUND: Immigration often results in changes in family dynamics, and within this process of dynamic relational adjustment youth can be conceptualised as contested sites of culture and associated intergenerational conflicts. This paper considers the experiences of migrant youth in Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia using conflict as a useful lens through which to view issues of migrant youth identity and their sense of social connectedness, belonging, and agency. The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to explore how migrant youth cope with acculturative stress and intergenerational conflicts, and 2) to better understand the systemic and family-related factors that facilitate positive settlement experiences for migrant youth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170111/the-effects-of-lifelong-cognitive-lifestyle-on-executive-function-in-older-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#3
John V Hindle, Pamela A Martin-Forbes, Anthony Martyr, Alexandra J M Bastable, Kirstie L Pye, Virginia C Mueller Gathercole, Enlli M Thomas, Linda Clare
OBJECTIVE: Active lifelong cognitive lifestyles increase cognitive reserve and have beneficial effects on global cognition, cognitive decline and dementia risk in Parkinson's disease (PD). Executive function is particularly impaired even in early PD, and this impacts on quality of life. The effects of lifelong cognitive lifestyle on executive function in PD have not been studied previously. This study examined the association between lifelong cognitive lifestyle, as a proxy measure of cognitive reserve, and executive function in people with PD...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169419/age-of-bilingual-exposure-is-related-to-the-contribution-of-phonological-and-semantic-knowledge-to-successful-reading-development
#4
Kaja K Jasińska, Laura-Ann Petitto
Bilingual children's reading as a function of age of first bilingual language exposure (AoE) was examined. Bilingual (varied AoE) and monolingual children (N = 421) were compared in their English language and reading abilities (6-10 years) using phonological awareness, semantic knowledge, and reading tasks. Structural equation modeling was applied to determine how bilingual AoE predicts reading outcomes. Early exposed bilinguals outperformed monolinguals on phonological awareness and word reading. Phonology and semantic (vocabulary) knowledge differentially predicted reading depending on the bilingual experience and AoE...
February 7, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168394/understanding-falls-risk-and-impacts-in-chinese-american-older-patients-at-a-community-health-center
#5
Susan Huang, Thomas Duong, Liss Ieong, Thu Quach
While falls are highly prevalent and costly for older adults, little is known about falls for Asian Americans. Using a custom, evidence-based, bilingual fall risk assessment and management tool, our study examined the prevalence of falls among older Chinese-speaking patients at a community health center. We identified the risks for falls and explored an association of fall risk with emergency room (ER) and hospital use in this population. The setting was at a community health center in Oakland, CA. Participants included 839 older Asian American adults (ages 65-80 years) who spoke Cantonese/Mandarin...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166843/the-emergence-of-phonetic-categories-in-korean-english-bilingual-children
#6
Sue Ann S Lee, Gregory K Iverson
The present study examined the speech production of three-year-old Korean-English bilingual (KEB) children. English and Korean stops, as well as front vowels in both languages, were compared acoustically among the KEB children, then also measured against those of their age-equivalent monolingual counterparts. Evidence of distinctive phonetic categorization in bilingual children was more salient in vowels than in stops. Vowels and stops produced by the bilingual children were not significantly different from those of their monolingual counterparts...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166169/spanish-translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-american-academy-of-orthopaedic-surgeons-foot-and-ankle-outcomes-questionnaire-in-mexican-americans-with-traumatic-foot-and-ankle-injuries
#7
Boris A Zelle, Ben S Francisco, James P Bossman, Roberto J Fajardo, Mohit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Hispanics represent the largest minority group within the US population accounting for an estimated 55.4 million individuals. Enrolling Hispanics into clinical outcome studies is important in order for study populations to be externally valid and representative of the US population. Inclusion of Mexican-Americans in clinical studies is frequently limited by the lack of validated outcome measures. The goal of this study was to validate a Spanish version of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Foot and Ankle Outcomes Questionnaire (AAOS-FAOQ) in Mexican-Americans with traumatic foot and ankle injuries...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141730/-footprints-in-the-bathroom-the-role-of-spirituality-in-patient-diagnosis
#8
Veronica Meneses, Douglas Vanderbilt, Linda Barnes, Marilyn Augustyn
Lucy is a 12-year-old Latina whose mother brought her to the pediatric clinic for help with her anxiety symptoms, "hearing voices," and episodes of "spacing out." Lucy did not cry at birth secondary to vocal cord paralysis and still has the tracheostomy performed at a few days of life. In addition to her neonatal intensive care unit stay, she has been hospitalized for pneumonia. Her mother says she is "sickly" and has a weak immune system due to her asthma symptoms. Lucy also experiences somatic complaints related to gastroesophageal reflux and constipation...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133849/speaking-one-more-language-in-early-life-has-only-minor-effects-on-cognition-in-taiwanese-with-low-education-level-the-taishan-project
#9
Yi-Chien Liu, Yen-Ying Liu, Ping-Keung Yip, Mitsue Meguro, Kenichi Meguro
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence shows that bilingualism or multilingualism may have beneficial effects on preventing dementia. We performed a cross-sectional, community-based study in Taiwan. Some elders (older than 70 years) in Taiwan can speak Japanese because of the formal Japanese education they received before World War II, when Taiwan was under Japanese rule. After the war, Mandarin Chinese was adopted as the official language of Taiwan. We assessed whether constantly using three languages had an effect on dementia prevalence and cognitive function...
January 30, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124064/tone-attrition-in-mandarin-speakers-of-varying-english-proficiency
#10
Carolyn Quam, Sarah C Creel
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the degree of dominance of Mandarin-English bilinguals' languages affects phonetic processing of tone content in their native language, Mandarin. Method: We tested 72 Mandarin-English bilingual college students with a range of language-dominance profiles in the 2 languages and ages of acquisition of English. Participants viewed 2 photographs at a time while hearing a familiar Mandarin word referring to 1 photograph...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115851/cognitive-profiles-in-bilingual-children-born-to-immigrant-parents-and-italian-monolingual-native-children-with-specific-learning-disorders
#11
Anna Riva, Renata Nacinovich, Nadia Bertuletti, Valentina Montrasi, Sara Marchetti, Francesca Neri, Monica Bomba
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children(®) - fourth edition IV (WISC IV) intellectual profile of two groups of children with specific learning disorder, a group of bilingual children and a group of monolingual Italian children, in order to identify possible significant differences between them. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A group of 48 bilingual children and a group of 48 Italian monolingual children were included in this study...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114680/association-of-patient-physician-language-concordance-and-glycemic-control-for-limited-english-proficiency-latinos-with-type-2-diabetes
#12
Melissa M Parker, Alicia Fernández, Howard H Moffet, Richard W Grant, Antonia Torreblanca, Andrew J Karter
Importance: Providing culturally competent care to the growing number of limited-English proficiency (LEP) Latinos with diabetes in the United States is challenging. Objective: To evaluate changes in risk factor control among LEP Latinos with diabetes who switched from language-discordant (English-only) primary care physicians (PCPs) to language-concordant (Spanish-speaking) PCPs or vice versa. Design, Setting, and Participants: This pre-post, difference-in-differences study selected 1605 adult patients with diabetes who self-identified as Latino, whose preferred language was Spanish, and who switched PCPs between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2013...
January 23, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104469/culturally-grounded-diabetes-prevention-program-for-obese-latino-youth-rationale-design-and-methods
#13
Allison N Williams, Yolanda P Konopken, Colleen S Keller, Felipe Gonzalez Castro, Kimberly J Arcoleo, Estela Barraza, Donald L Patrick, Micah L Olson, Gabriel Q Shaibi
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) disproportionately impacts Latino youth yet few diabetes prevention programs address this important source of health disparities. OBJECTIVES: To address this knowledge gap, we describe the rationale, design, and methodology underpinning a culturally-grounded T2D prevention program for obese Latino youth. The study aims to: 1) to test the efficacy of the intervention for reducing T2D risk, 2) explore potential mediators and moderators of changes in health behaviors and health outcomes and, 3) examine the incremental cost-effectiveness for reducing T2D risk...
March 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077000/specificity-rates-for-non-clinical-bilingual-mexican-americans-on-three-popular-performance-validity-measures
#14
Philip G Gasquoine, Amy A Weimer, Arnoldo Amador
OBJECTIVE: To measure specificity as failure rates for non-clinical, bilingual, Mexican Americans on three popular performance validity measures: (a) the language format Reliable Digit Span; (b) visual-perceptual format Test of Memory Malingering; and (c) visual-perceptual format Dot Counting, using optimal/suboptimal effort cut scores developed for monolingual, English-speakers. METHODS: Participants were 61 consecutive referrals, aged between 18 and 65 years, with <16 years of education who were subjectively bilingual (confirmed via formal assessment) and chose the language of assessment, Spanish or English, for the performance validity tests...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071971/neuropsychological-implications-of-cobalamin-c-cblc-disease-in-hispanic-children-detected-through-newborn-screening
#15
Ashley M Whitaker, Nina Hattiangadi Thomas, Lauren S Krivitzky, Can H Ficicioglu
Cobalamin C (CblC) disease is the most common inborn error of cobalamin metabolism and recent data has indicated a higher prevalence among children of Hispanic heritage in particular. The purpose of this study was to (a) describe the neuropsychological characteristics of a pilot sample of Hispanic children with CblC disease and (b) explore potential differences in outcome based on underlying genetic mutation(s) and biochemical levels. Six Hispanic children (ages 2-10) diagnosed with CblC disease through newborn screening (NBS) underwent neuropsychological evaluation with a bilingual examiner...
January 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065799/experiences-in-care-by-parental-citizenship-and-language-use-among-latino-children-in-california
#16
Alexander N Ortega, Ryan M McKenna, Brent A Langellier, Héctor E Alcalá, Dylan H Roby
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in healthcare access, utilization, and experiences among Latino children in California by parental citizenship status and language use. METHODS: Data are from the 2011 and 2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) public use child files. A total of 2,841 interviews of parents of Latino children under the age of twelve years were conducted. Analyses were conducted to determine the associations between access (usual of source of care, delay in receiving needed care, health insurance), utilization (physician visits in past year, emergency department visits) and experiences (doctor listens, doctor explains instructions clearly, communication by telephone or email) by parental citizenship status and household language use after adjusting for confounders...
January 5, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055056/synthesizing-information-from-language-samples-and-standardized-tests-in-school-age-bilingual-assessment
#17
Kerry Danahy Ebert, Giang Pham
Purpose: Although language samples and standardized tests are regularly used in assessment, few studies provide clinical guidance on how to synthesize information from these testing tools. This study extends previous work on the relations between tests and language samples to a new population-school-age bilingual speakers with primary language impairment-and considers the clinical implications for bilingual assessment. Method: Fifty-one bilingual children with primary language impairment completed narrative language samples and standardized language tests in English and Spanish...
January 1, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032442/reading-comprehension-and-immersion-schooling-evidence-from-component-skills
#18
Laura Birke Hansen, Julia Morales, Pedro Macizo, Jon Andoni Duñabeitia, David Saldaña, Manuel Carreiras, Luis J Fuentes, M Teresa Bajo
The present research aims to assess literacy acquisition in children becoming bilingual via second language immersion in school. We adopt a cognitive components approach, assessing text-level reading comprehension, a complex literacy skill, as well as underlying cognitive and linguistic components in 144 children aged 7 to 14 (72 immersion bilinguals, 72 controls). Using principal component analysis, a nuanced pattern of results was observed: although emergent bilinguals lag behind their monolingual counterparts on measures of linguistic processing, they showed enhanced performance on a memory and reasoning component...
January 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025589/bilingualism-and-phonological-awareness-re-examining-theories-of-cross-language-transfer-and-structural-sensitivity
#19
Li-Jen Kuo, Yuuko Uchikoshi, Tae-Jin Kim, Xinyuan Yang
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between bilingualism and phonological awareness by re-evaluating structural sensitivity theory and expanding cross-language transfer theory. The study was conducted with three groups of 1(st) and 2(nd) graders matched in age, SES and non-verbal IQ: a) monolingual English-speaking children from a general education program, b) native Japanese-speaking children from a Japanese-English two-way immersion bilingual program and c) native English-speaking children from the same bilingual program...
July 2016: Contemporary Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018262/the-relationship-between-emotion-comprehension-and-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-in-7-to-10-year-old-children
#20
Ariane Göbel, Anne Henning, Corina Möller, Gisa Aschersleben
The influence of internalizing and externalizing problems on children's understanding of others' emotions has mainly been investigated on basic levels of emotion comprehension. So far, studies assessing more sophisticated levels of emotion comprehension reported deficits in the ability to understand others' emotions in children with severe internalizing or externalizing symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between emotion comprehension and interindividual differences, with a focus on internalizing and externalizing behavior in children aged 7-10 years from the general population...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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