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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755573/thymus-and-activation-regulated-chemokine-tarc-ccl17-and-ige-are-associated-with-elderly-asthmatics
#1
Kyung Mi Jo, Hyo Kyung Lim, Jae Woong Sull, Eugene Choi, Ji-Sook Lee, Mee Ae Cheong, Min Hwa Hong, Yoori Kim, In Sik Kim
Background: The pathogenesis of asthma, which is an allergic lung disease, is associated with a variety of allergens such as house dust mite, pollen, and mould, IgE containing serum IgE and allergen-specific-IgE, and inflammatory cytokines including thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC)/CCL17. Because aging is an essential factor in the pathogenesis of asthma, we examined biomarkers related to asthmatic subjects depending on age. Results: Physiological indices such as FEV1(forced expiratory capacity in 1 s), FEV1 (% predicted), and FEV1/FVC(forced vital capacity) (%) in asthmatic subjects were lower than those in normal subjects...
2018: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744372/recent-advances-in-drug-induced-hypersensitivity-syndrome-drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms
#2
REVIEW
Hideaki Watanabe
Drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS), also termed as drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), is a multiorgan systemic reaction characterized by a close relationship with the reactivation of herpes virus. Published data has demonstrated that among patients with DIHS/DRESS, 75-95% have leukocytosis, 18.2-90% show atypical lymphocytes, 52-95% have eosinophilia, and 75-100% have hepatic abnormalities. Histologically, eosinophils were observed less frequently than we expected (20%)...
2018: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693324/circulating-cytokine-profiles-and-anca-specificity-in-patients-with-anca-associated-vasculitis
#3
Alvise Berti, Roscoe Warner, Kent Johnson, Divi Cornec, Darrell Schroeder, Brian Kabat, Carol A Langford, Gary S Hoffman, Fernanado C Fervenza, Cees G M Kallenberg, Philip Seo, Robert Spiera, E William St Clair, Paul Brunetta, John H Stone, Peter A Merkel, Ulrich Specks, Paul A Monach
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate circulating cytokine profiles in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV), classified by ANCA specificity (proteinase 3 (PR3)-ANCA versus myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA) or by clinical diagnosis (granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) versus microscopic polyangiitis (MPA)). METHODS: A panel of 29 cytokines was tested in 186 patients with active AAV at inclusion into the Rituximab in AAV (RAVE) trial. Cytokine concentrations were compared between groups within each classification system...
April 25, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660465/jageum-jung-improves-2-4-dinitrochlorobenzene-induced-atopic-dermatitis-like-skin-lesions-in-mice-and-suppresses-pro-inflammatory-chemokine-production-by-inhibiting-tnf-%C3%AE-ifn-%C3%AE-induced-stat-1-and-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-in-hacat-cells
#4
Ju-Hye Yang, Hyun Ju Do, Esther Lee, Nam-Hui Yim, Won-Kyung Cho, Kwang-Il Park, Jin Yeul Ma
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Jageum-Jung (JGJ) is an oriental herbal formula comprising five herbs (Melaphis chinensis Bell, Cremastra variabilis Nakai, Knoxia valerianoides Thorel, Euphorbia lathyris L., and Moschus moschiferus L.). It has been used for detoxification and treating cancer and inflammatory diseases in China, Japan, and Korea. However, the mechanism of action of JGJ on keratinocyte inflammatory response is poorly understood. AIM OF THE STUDY: In the present study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory mechanism of JGJ and studied the effects of JGJ on atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions in mice...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598931/tarc-expression-in-the-circulation-and-cutaneous-granulomas-correlates-with-disease-severity-and-indicates-th2-mediated-progression-in-patients-with-sarcoidosis
#5
Chuyen Thi Hong Nguyen, Naotomo Kambe, Ikuko Ueda-Hayakawa, Izumi Kishimoto, Nhung Thi My Ly, Kana Mizuno, Hiroyuki Okamoto
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a systemic disorder characterized by the accumulation of lymphocytes and monocyte/macrophage lineage cells that results in the formation of non-caseating granulomas. Thymus- and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC)/CCL17 is an important chemokine in the amplification of Th2 responses, which are achieved by recruiting CCR4-expressing CD4+ T lymphocytes. TARC concentrations are known to increase in the serum of sarcoidosis patients; however, its role in the assessment of severity and prognosis of sarcoidosis remains unknown...
March 26, 2018: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590497/chronic-idiopathic-erythroderma-of-elderly-men-is-an-independent-entity-that-has-a-distinct-tarc-ige-profile-from-adult-atopic-dermatitis
#6
Yasunori Ohga, Bolortuya Bayaraa, Shinichi Imafuku
BACKGROUND: Although there are several diseases that cause erythroderma, patients are often encountered with erythroderma of unknown cause which persists for a long time. The aim of this study was to characterize this chronic idiopathic erythroderma (CIE). METHODS: Adult patients with CIE, atopic dermatitis (AD), psoriatic erythroderma (PsE), or generalized drug eruption (DE), who visited Fukuoka University Hospital Dermatology Department from 2010 to 2015, were enrolled...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575251/treatment-for-moderate-to-severe-atopic-dermatitis-at-alpine-and-moderate-maritime-climates-differentially-affect-helper-t-cells-and-memory-b-cells-in-children
#7
Jorn J Heeringa, Karin B Fieten, Finola M Bruins, Els van Hoffen, Edward F Knol, Suzanne G M A Pasmans, Menno C van Zelm
BACKGROUND: Treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD) is focused on topical anti-inflammatory therapy, epidermal barrier repair and trigger avoidance. Multidisciplinary treatment in both moderate maritime and alpine climates can successfully reduce disease activity in children with AD. However, it remains unclear whether abnormalities in B- and T-cell memory normalize and if this differs between treatment strategies. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether successful treatment in maritime and alpine climates normalises B- and T-lymphocytes in children with moderate to severe AD...
March 25, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550278/tslp-activated-dendritic-cells-induce-t-helper-type-2-inflammation-in-aspergillus-fumigatus-keratitis
#8
Lin Sun, Chen Chen, Jiayin Wu, Chenyang Dai, Xinyi Wu
Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is an IL-7-like cytokine, which is secreted by epithelial cells under the stimulation of Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands. Dendritic cells (DCs) which express the thymic stromal lymphopoietin receptor (TSLPR) can be activated by TSLP. Mature DCs can express the OX40 ligand, which has the ability to combine with OX40 on the surface of T cells to stimulate T cell proliferation. TSLP secreted by corneal epithelial cells can engage in the process of T helper type 2 (Th2) inflammation in Aspergillus fumigatus keratitis, but the mechanism remains unclear...
March 14, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532855/rhododendron-album-blume-extract-inhibits-tnf-%C3%AE-ifn-%C3%AE-induced-chemokine-production-via-blockade-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-jak-stat-activation-in-human-epidermal-keratinocytes
#9
Ji-Won Park, Han-Sol Lee, Yourim Lim, Jin-Hyub Paik, Ok-Kyoung Kwon, Jung-Hee Kim, Imam Paryanto, Prasetyawan Yunianto, Sangho Choi, Sei-Ryang Oh, Kyung-Seop Ahn
Rhododendron album Blume (RA) has traditionally been used as an herbal medicine and is considered to have anti‑inflammatory properties. It is a well‑known medicine for treatment of allergic or atopic diseases. In the present study, the biological effects of an RA methanol extract (RAME) on inflammation were investigated in tumor necrosis factor‑α (TNF‑α)/interferon‑γ (IFN‑γ)‑stimulated human keratinocytes. The present study aimed to investigate the potential mechanisms by which RAME inhibited TNF‑α/IFN‑γ‑induced expression of chemokines [thymus‑ and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC) and macrophage‑derived chemokine (MDC)] and cytokines [interleukin (IL)‑6 and IL‑8] through the nuclear factor‑κB (NF‑κB) pathway in human keratinocytes...
June 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528575/serum-thymus-and-activation-regulated-chemokine-tarc-il-18-and-il-18-gene-polymorphism-as-associative-factors-with-atopic-dermatitis
#10
Maha K Gohar, Amal H Atta, Mohamed M Nasr, Doaa N Hussein
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a worldwide chronic inflammation of skin.Many factors and chemokines play role in pathogenesis of AD. Identifying the reliable biomarkers to diagnose and assess severity of AD is important. In this study we aimed to find a reliable biomarker to determine the severity of AD and monitor treatment as well as, examining the possible association between IL-18 gene [rs 187238] promoter polymorphism and AD disease. The study included 30 Egyptian patients with AD and 30 healthy controls. Patients were clinically evaluated according to SCORAD scoring system...
June 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443928/changes-in-the-anti-allergic-activities-of-sesame-by-bioconversion
#11
Tae-Dong Jung, Sun-Il Choi, Seung-Hyun Choi, Bong-Yeon Cho, Wan-Sup Sim, Sang Jong Lee, Seon Ju Park, Dan-Bi Kim, Young-Cheul Kim, Jin-Ha Lee, Ok-Hwan Lee
Sesame is an important oilseed crop, which has been used as a traditional health food to ameliorate the prevention of various diseases. We evaluated the changes in the anti-allergic activities of sesame by bioconversion. SDS-PAGE of non-fermented sesame proteins showed major allergen bands, while that of fermented sesame showed only a few protein bands. Additionally, we investigated the effectiveness of fermented sesame by bioconversion in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)- and interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-induced HaCaT cells...
February 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414643/effect-of-peiminine-on-dncb-induced-atopic-dermatitis-by-inhibiting-inflammatory-cytokine-expression-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#12
Jeong-Min Lim, Bina Lee, Ju-Hee Min, Eun-Young Kim, Jae-Hyun Kim, SooYeon Hong, Jwa-Jin Kim, Youngjoo Sohn, Hyuk-Sang Jung
Peiminine (PMN) is the main component derived from Fritillaria ussuriensis and is used in traditional medicine in East Asia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of PMN on atopic dermatitis (AD) induced by a dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) in Balb/c mice. Inflammatory cytokine expression of PMN was investigated in vitro. Eosinophil infiltration and the thickness of DNCB-induced AD mouse skin were measured. The levels of IgE, IL-4, IL-6, IL-13, and TNF-α in the serum were measured by ELISA. The effects of PMN on the transcription level of MAPK and nuclear factor (NF)-κB were evaluated in mouse skin...
March 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399856/case-of-atopic-dermatitis-concurrent-with-idiopathic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-whose-serum-thymus-and-activation-regulated-chemokine-level-remained-undetectable
#13
Maki Ozawa, Yoji Sasahara, Setsuya Aiba
We report a 9-year-old Japanese female patient with atopic dermatitis associated with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. She demonstrated high serum immunoglobulin (Ig)E and IgE specific to several environmental allergens, but extremely low serum thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC) levels regardless of the disease progression. This case suggests platelets as the main source of serum TARC.
May 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370571/an-intraocular-inflammatory-profile-of-rubella-associated-uveitis
#14
Z Fazil, J C Ten Berge, A W Langerak, A Rothova, W A Dik
PURPOSE: To analyze intraocular cytokine levels and cell profiles in patients with rubella virus-associated uveitis (RVU). METHODS: We collected intraocular fluid samples from patients with RVU (n = 10), uveitis of other causes (n = 27), and cataract (n = 22). Levels of 15 cytokines (IL-1β, IL-1ra, IL-2, IL-6, IL-6rα, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, IL-17A, IL-23, TARC, MCP-1, TNF-α, PlGF, and VEGF) were measured using multiplex assay, and intraocular cell populations were determined by multiparameter flowcytometry...
January 25, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351828/activity-during-sleep-measured-by-a-sheet-shaped-body-vibrometer-and-the-severity-of-atopic-dermatitis-in-adults-a-comparison-with-wrist-actigraphy
#15
Takamasa Kogure, Toshiya Ebata
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To use a sheet-shaped body vibrometer (SBV) for measuring sleep in adult patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) of various severities and to compare the results with those measured by wrist actigraphy (WA). METHODS: Simultaneous measurements of activity during sleep by WA and the SBV were performed in 20 outpatients with AD for 5 to 10 days. The mean activity count per minute (ACT) and sleep efficiency (SE) were obtained using each device. The severity of AD was evaluated by the severity scoring of AD (SCORAD), serum thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC) level, serum total immunoglobulin E level, and peripheral eosinophil count...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282132/design-and-validation-of-a-disease-network-of-inflammatory-processes-in-the-nsg-uc-mouse-model
#16
Henrika Jodeleit, Pia Palamides, Florian Beigel, Thomas Mueller, Eckhard Wolf, Matthias Siebeck, Roswitha Gropp
BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a highly progressive inflammatory disease that requires the interaction of epithelial, immune, endothelial and muscle cells and fibroblasts. Previous studies suggested two inflammatory conditions in UC-patients: 'acute' and 'remodeling' and that the design of a disease network might improve the understanding of the inflammatory processes. The objective of the study was to design and validate a disease network in the NOD-SCID IL2rγnull (NSG)-UC mouse model to get a better understanding of the inflammatory processes...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229594/interim-results-of-brentuximab-vedotin-in-combination-with-nivolumab-in-patients-with-relapsed-or-refractory-hodgkin-lymphoma
#17
Alex F Herrera, Alison J Moskowitz, Nancy L Bartlett, Julie M Vose, Radhakrishnan Ramchandren, Tatyana A Feldman, Ann S LaCasce, Stephen M Ansell, Craig H Moskowitz, Keenan Fenton, Carol Anne Ogden, David Taft, Qu Zhang, Kazunobu Kato, Mary Campbell, Ranjana H Advani
In this phase 1/2 study, brentuximab vedotin (BV) and nivolumab (Nivo) administered in combination were evaluated as initial salvage therapy in patients with relapsed or refractory (R/R) classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Patients received up to 4 cycles of combination treatment, with BV administered on day 1 and Nivo on day 8 of the first cycle. For cycles 2 to 4, BV and Nivo were both administered on day 1. After study treatment, responses were evaluated by investigators per the 2014 Lugano classification, and patients could proceed to autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT)...
March 15, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194572/the-igg-response-against-staphylococcus-aureus-is-associated-with-severe-atopic-dermatitis-in-children
#18
J E E Totté, L M Pardo, K B Fieten, J de Wit, D V de Boer, W J van Wamel, S G M A Pasmans
BACKGROUND: An altered immune response against Staphylococcus (S.) aureus might contribute to inflammation and barrier damage in atopic dermatitis (AD). OBJECTIVES: We profiled IgG antibodies against 55 S. aureus antigens in sera of children with mild to severe AD using a Luminex assay. Additionally, we evaluated the association between IgG levels and disease severity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included children with AD of two interventional study cohorts, namely SMA (n= 131) and the older DAVOS cohort (n= 76)...
November 30, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156522/the-prevention-of-tnf-%C3%AE-ifn-%C3%AE-mixture-induced-inflammation-in-human-keratinocyte-and-atopic-dermatitis-like-skin-lesions-in-nc-nga-mice-by-mineral-balanced-deep-sea-water
#19
Kyu-Shik Lee, So-Young Chun, Min-Gu Lee, Soyoung Kim, Tae-Jung Jang, Kyung-Soo Nam
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease caused by environmental and chemical allergens. Despite the complexity of its pathogenesis, many investigations have shown that substances having anti-inflammatory activities alleviated the pathology of AD. Here, we evaluated the effects of mineral-balanced deep sea water (DSW) on AD-like skin damage in both in vitro and in vivo. The results showed that mineral-balanced DSW regressed inflammatory chemokines, such as macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC), thymus- and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC) and regulated on activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), and cytokines, interleukin (IL)-6 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) mRNA expression in HaCaT immortal human keratinocyte treated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α/ interferon (IFN)-γ mixture...
January 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141920/parathyroid-hormone-related-protein-modulates-inflammation-in-mouse-mesangial-cells-and-blunts-apoptosis-by-enhancing-cox-2-expression
#20
Mazène Hochane, Denis Raison, Catherine Coquard, Claire Béraud, Audrey Bethry, Sabrina Danilin, Thierry Massfelder, Mariette Barthelmebs
Injury of mesangial cells (MC) is a prominent feature of glomerulonephritis. Activated MC secrete inflammatory mediators that induce cell apoptosis. Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) is a locally active cytokine that enhances cell survival and is upregulated by proinflammatory factors in many cell types. The aim of this study was to analyze the regulation of PTHrP expression by inflammatory cytokines and to evaluate whether PTHrP itself acts as a proinflammatory and/or survival factor on male murine MC in primary culture...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
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