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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510255/adaptability-and-stability-of-soybean-cultivars-for-grain-yield-and-seed-quality
#1
K B Silva, A T Bruzi, E V Zambiazzi, I O Soares, J L A R Pereira, M L M Carvalho
This study aimed at verifying the adaptability and stability of soybean cultivars, considering the grain yield and quality of seeds, adopting univariate and multivariate approaches. The experiments were conducted in two crops, three environments, in 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 crop seasons, in the county of Inconfidentes, Lavras, and Patos de Minas, in the Minas Gerais State, Brazil. We evaluated 17 commercial soybean cultivars. For adaptability and stability evaluations, the Graphic and GGE biplot methods were employed...
May 10, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453103/-effects-of-physical-activity-on-women-s-morphology
#2
Fernando Policarpo Barbosa, Pedro Valdivia-Moral, Marcos A Medeiros do Nascimento, José Fernandes Filho
Objective To analyze the effect of 12 weeks of physical activity on the morphology of the women enrolled in the Family Health Program in the city of Patos, Paraíba, Brazil. During these weeks, different physical activity programs were applied. Methods A quasi-experimental study, in which 28 women were analyzed. All were volunteers, aged between 42 and 56 years and divided into groups: G1 (n=15, recreational activities) and G2 (n=13, dance activities). For data analysis, the Student t-test for independent samples was used with a significance level of p<0...
June 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401376/selenium-deficiency-in-subtropical-littoral-pampas-environmental-and-dietary-aspects
#3
N Mirlean, E R Seus-Arrache, O Vlasova
Se deficiency has a critical effect on human health. The littoral near Patos Lagoon in the south of Brazil is composed of Quaternary sandy deposits and nutrient-deficient soils, which contribute to Se deficiency in the surrounding environment. The average concentration of Se in littoral soils is six times lower than the metalloid deficiency threshold of 0.5 mg kg(-1) and is close to that in countries where Keshan disease is registered. The sediments in the Patos Estuary are also notably lower in Se than near-shore marine sediments...
April 11, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323495/vision-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-non-infectious-uveitis-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Pedro Arriola-Villalobos, Lydia Abásolo, Julián García-Feijoo, Benjamín Fernández-Gutiérrez, Rosalía Méndez-Fernández, Esperanza Pato, David Díaz-Valle, Luis Rodriguez-Rodriguez
PURPOSE: To analyze the influence of socio-demographic, comorbidity, and clinical-related variables in the vision-related quality of life (VR-QoL) of non-infectious uveitis patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional study includes 156 consecutive non-infectious uveitis patients from a tertiary uveitis clinic from Madrid (Spain). The main outcome was the log-transformed composite score of the Visual Functioning Questionnaire 25. Bivariate and multivariate ordinary least-squares regression models were performed and results expressed using effect sizes with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI)...
March 21, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285025/genetic-correlation-between-smoking-behaviors-and-schizophrenia
#5
Sarah M Hartz, Amy C Horton, Dana B Hancock, Timothy B Baker, Neil E Caporaso, Li-Shiun Chen, John E Hokanson, Sharon M Lutz, Mary L Marazita, Daniel W McNeil, Carlos N Pato, Michele T Pato, Eric O Johnson, Laura J Bierut
Nicotine dependence is highly comorbid with schizophrenia, and the etiology of the comorbidity is unknown. To determine whether there is a genetic correlation of smoking behavior with schizophrenia, genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis results from five smoking phenotypes (ever/never smoker (N=74,035), age of onset of smoking (N=28,647), cigarettes smoked per day (CPD, N=38,860), nicotine dependence (N=10,666), and current/former smoker (N=40,562)) were compared to GWAS meta-analysis results from schizophrenia (N=79,845) using linkage disequilibrium (LD) score regression...
March 8, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237034/machine-learning-and-docking-models-for-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-topoisomerase-i
#6
Sean Ekins, Adwait Anand Godbole, György Kéri, Lászlo Orfi, János Pato, Rajeshwari Subray Bhat, Rinkee Verma, Erin K Bradley, Valakunja Nagaraja
There is a shortage of compounds that are directed towards new targets apart from those targeted by the FDA approved drugs used against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Topoisomerase I (Mttopo I) is an essential mycobacterial enzyme and a promising target in this regard. However, it suffers from a shortage of known inhibitors. We have previously used computational approaches such as homology modeling and docking to propose 38 FDA approved drugs for testing and identified several active molecules. To follow on from this, we now describe the in vitro testing of a library of 639 compounds...
March 2017: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146156/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-cysticercus-tenuicollis-in-goats-and-sheep-in-para%C3%A3-ba-northeastern-brazil
#7
Dayana Firmino de Morais, Vinícius Longo Ribeiro Vilela, Thais Ferreira Feitosa, Vinícius Mamede Dos Santos, Vitória Régia Gouveia, Ana Célia Rodrigues Athayde, Sérgio Santos de Azevêdo
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors for C. tenuicollis among goats and sheep in slaughterhouses in Paraíba. 390 animals (195 goats and 195 sheep) in the municipalities of Patos and Esperança, Paraíba, Brazil, were inspected between February and May 2014. The prevalence of C. tenuicollis was 39% (76/195) in goats and 17.4% (34/195) in sheep. In both species, most of the cysticerci vesicles were located at the omentum and mesentery. The only risk factor found was extensive sheep farming...
January 26, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072414/evidence-for-genetic-heterogeneity-between-clinical-subtypes-of-bipolar-disorder
#8
A W Charney, D M Ruderfer, E A Stahl, J L Moran, K Chambert, R A Belliveau, L Forty, K Gordon-Smith, A Di Florio, P H Lee, E J Bromet, P F Buckley, M A Escamilla, A H Fanous, L J Fochtmann, D S Lehrer, D Malaspina, S R Marder, C P Morley, H Nicolini, D O Perkins, J J Rakofsky, M H Rapaport, H Medeiros, J L Sobell, E K Green, L Backlund, S E Bergen, A Juréus, M Schalling, P Lichtenstein, P Roussos, J A Knowles, I Jones, L A Jones, C M Hultman, R H Perlis, S M Purcell, S A McCarroll, C N Pato, M T Pato, N Craddock, M Landén, J W Smoller, P Sklar
We performed a genome-wide association study of 6447 bipolar disorder (BD) cases and 12 639 controls from the International Cohort Collection for Bipolar Disorder (ICCBD). Meta-analysis was performed with prior results from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium Bipolar Disorder Working Group for a combined sample of 13 902 cases and 19 279 controls. We identified eight genome-wide significant, associated regions, including a novel associated region on chromosome 10 (rs10884920; P=3.28 × 10(-8)) that includes the brain-enriched cytoskeleton protein adducin 3 (ADD3), a non-coding RNA, and a neuropeptide-specific aminopeptidase P (XPNPEP1)...
January 10, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052597/an-in-depth-structural-study-of-the-carbon-dioxide-adsorption-process-in-the-porous-metal-organic-frameworks-cpo-27-m
#9
Breogán Pato-Doldán, Mali H Rosnes, Pascal D C Dietzel
The CO2 adsorption process in the family of porous metal-organic framework materials CPO-27-M (M=Mg, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn) was studied by variable-temperature powder synchrotron X-ray diffraction under isobaric conditions. The Rietveld analysis of the data provided a time-lapse view of the adsorption process on CPO-27-M. The results confirm the temperature-dependent order of occupation of the three adsorption sites in the pores of the CPO-27-M materials. In CPO-27-M (M=Mg, Mn, Co, Ni, and Zn), the adsorption sites are occupied in sequential order, primarily because of the high affinity of CO2 for the open metal sites...
April 22, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005579/spontaneous-activation-of-antigen-presenting-cells-by-genes-encoding-truncated-homo-oligomerizing-derivatives-of-cd40
#10
Noam Levin, Aviad Pato, Gal Cafri, Galit Eisenberg, Tamar Peretz, Alon Margalit, Michal Lotem, Gideon Gross
The interaction between the CD40 receptor on antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and its trimeric ligand on CD4 T cells is essential for the initiation and progression of the adaptive immune response. Here we undertook to endow CD40 with the capacity to trigger spontaneous APC activation through ligand-independent oligomerization. To this end we exploited the GCN4 yeast transcriptional activator, which contains a leucine zipper DNA-binding motif that induces homophilic interactions. We incorporated GCN4 variants forming homodimers, trimers, or tetramers at the intracellular domain of human and mouse CD40 and replaced the extracellular portion with peptide-β2m or other peptide tags...
February 2017: Journal of Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956014/oil-permeability-variations-on-lagoon-sand-beaches-in-the-patos-gua%C3%A3-ba-system-in-rio-grande-do-sul-brazil
#11
Elaine Baroni Oliveira, João Luiz Nicolodi
Permeability is the ability of a sediment deposit to allow fluids to pass through it. It depends on the local types of sediments. When the fluid is oil, high permeability implies greater interaction with the site and more extensive damage, which makes recovery most difficult. Knowledge of permeability oscillations is necessary to understand oil behavior and improve cleanup techniques. The goal is to determine oil permeability variations on lagoon sand beaches. Oil permeability tests were performed at the beach face, using a Modified Phillip Dunne Permeameter and parameters were sampled...
February 15, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939025/metabolic-syndrome-and-atypical-antipsychotics-possibility-of-prediction-and-control
#12
Clara M Franch Pato, Vicente Molina Rodríguez, Juan I Franch Valverde
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders are associated with high morbidity and mortality, due to inherent health factors, genetic factors, and factors related to psychopharmacological treatment. Antipsychotics, like other drugs, have side-effects that can substantially affect the physical health of patients, with substantive differences in the side-effect profile and in the patients in which these side-effects occur. To understand and identify these risk groups could help to prevent the occurrence of the undesired effects...
December 6, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918864/comparison-of-emergency-medical-services-and-trauma-care-systems-among-pan-asian-countries-an-international-multicenter-population-based-survey
#13
Kyong Min Sun, Kyoung Jun Song, Sang Do Shin, Hideharu Tanaka, Goh E Shaun, Wen-Chu Chiang, Kentaro Kajino, Sabariah Faizah Jamaluddin, Akio Kimura, Young Sun Ro, Dae Han Wi, Ju Ok Park, Sung Woo Moon, Young Hee Jung, Min Jung Kim, James F Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge on the current trauma systems in Asian countries is limited. The objective of this study was to describe the emergency medical services (EMS) and trauma care systems among countries participating in the Pan-Asian Trauma Outcomes Study (PATOS) Clinical Research Network. METHODS: The PATOS network consists of 33 participating sites from 14 countries. Standardized data was collected from each site using an EMS survey form and included general information (population, population density, urbanization, EMS service fee, etc...
March 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894280/is-there-any-association-between-sarcoidosis-and-infectious-agents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Tiago Esteves, Gloria Aparicio, Vicente Garcia-Patos
BACKGROUND: During the last few years, investigators have debated the role that infectious agents may have in sarcoidosis pathogenesis. With the emergence of new molecular biology techniques, several studies have been conducted; therefore, we performed a meta-analysis in order to better explain this possible association. METHODS: This review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement from the Cochrane collaboration guidelines...
November 28, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887661/biochemical-and-proteomic-analyses-of-the-physiological-response-induced-by-individual-housing-in-gilts-provide-new-potential-stress-markers
#15
Anna Marco-Ramell, Laura Arroyo, Raquel Peña, Raquel Pato, Yolanda Saco, Lorenzo Fraile, Emøke Bendixen, Anna Bassols
BACKGROUND: The objective assessment of animal stress and welfare requires proper laboratory biomarkers. In this work, we have analyzed the changes in serum composition in gilts after switching their housing, from pen to individual stalls, which is generally accepted to cause animal discomfort. RESULTS: Blood and saliva samples were collected a day before and up to four days after changing the housing system. Biochemical analyses showed adaptive changes in lipid and protein metabolism after the housing switch, whereas cortisol and muscular markers showed a large variability between animals...
November 25, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842607/the-flora-phenotype-ontology-flopo-tool-for-integrating-morphological-traits-and-phenotypes-of-vascular-plants
#16
Robert Hoehndorf, Mona Alshahrani, Georgios V Gkoutos, George Gosline, Quentin Groom, Thomas Hamann, Jens Kattge, Sylvia Mota de Oliveira, Marco Schmidt, Soraya Sierra, Erik Smets, Rutger A Vos, Claus Weiland
BACKGROUND: The systematic analysis of a large number of comparable plant trait data can support investigations into phylogenetics and ecological adaptation, with broad applications in evolutionary biology, agriculture, conservation, and the functioning of ecosystems. Floras, i.e., books collecting the information on all known plant species found within a region, are a potentially rich source of such plant trait data. Floras describe plant traits with a focus on morphology and other traits relevant for species identification in addition to other characteristics of plant species, such as ecological affinities, distribution, economic value, health applications, traditional uses, and so on...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821351/cytochrome-p450-1a-mrna-in-the-guppy-phalloceros-caudimaculatus-and-response-to-beta-naphthoflavone-and-environmental-samples
#17
Roger Stacke Ferreira, Cíntia da Cruz Chivittz, Guilherme Senna Dos Santos, Juliano Zanette
The cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A) mRNA is induced by environmental contaminants such as PAHs, PCBs and dioxins. The present study cloned the CYP1A transcript from the guppy Phalloceros caudimaculatus, which represents a potential fish for toxicological studies in South America. The newly identified CYP1A encodes a protein with 521 amino acids that shared 96-70% identity with other fishes. The characterization of organ- and time-dependent induction of CYP1A using RT-qPCR was evaluated after waterborne exposure to beta-naphthoflavone (BNF; 1μM)...
December 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815703/development-of-an-activity-disease-score-in-patients-with-uveitis-uvedai
#18
Esperanza Pato, Mª Auxiliadora Martin-Martinez, Adela Castelló, Rosalía Méndez-Fernandez, Santiago Muñoz-Fernández, Miguel Cordero-Coma, Lucia Martinez-Costa, Elia Valls, Miguel Reyes, Félix Francisco, Mar Esteban, Alex Fonollosa, Fernando Sanchez-Alonso, Cruz Fernández-Espartero, Teresa Diaz-Valle, José Miguel Carrasco, Emma Beltran-Catalán, Marisa Hernández-Garfella, María Victoria Hernández, Laura Pelegrin, Ricardo Blanco, David Diaz-Valle
To develop a disease activity index for patients with uveitis (UVEDAI) encompassing the relevant domains of disease activity considered important among experts in this field. The steps for designing UVEDAI were: (a) Defining the construct and establishing the domains through a formal judgment of experts, (b) A two-round Delphi study with a panel of 15 experts to determine the relevant items, (c) Selection of items: A logistic regression model was developed that set ocular inflammatory activity as the dependent variable...
April 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751521/utility-of-ultrasound-in-a-rapidly-growing-cutaneous-nodule-in-an-infant
#19
Maria Ubals, Anna Castany, Patricia Bassas, Jordi Mollet, Gloria Aparicio, Vicente García-Patos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749239/treatment-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-mortality-risk-in-clinical-practice-the-role-of-biologic-agents
#20
Luis Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Leticia Leon, Jose Ivorra-Cortes, Alejandro Gómez, Jose Ramon Lamas, Esperanza Pato, Juan Ángel Jover, Lydia Abásolo
OBJECTIVES: To assess the mortality rate (MR) and the mortality risk of a rheumatoid arthritis (RA) inception cohort, with and without biologic agents (BAs). Other factors associated to mortality were also investigated. METHODS: Retrospective longitudinal study of RA patients, attending the rheumatology outpatient clinic of a tertiary Hospital (Madrid), collected over 5 years (2000-2004), and followed from the diagnosis of RA up to the patients' death, lost to follow-up or September 2013...
November 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
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