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design for recycling

Syed N Ahmed, Waseem Haider
There has been a considerable amount of research in the development of sustainable water treatment techniques capable of improving the quality of water. Unavailability of drinkable water is a crucial issue especially in regions where conventional drinking water treatment systems fail to eradicate aquatic pathogens, toxic metal ions and industrial waste. The research and development in this area have given rise to a new class of processes called Advanced Oxidation Processes, particularly in the form of heterogeneous photocatalysis, which converts photon energy into chemical energy...
May 22, 2018: Nanotechnology
Yao Li, Jianji Wang, Xiaomin Liu, Suojiang Zhang
Cellulose is one of the most abundant bio-renewable materials on the earth and its conversion to biofuels provides an appealing way to satisfy the increasing global energy demand. However, before carrying out the process of enzymolysis to glucose or polysaccharides, cellulose needs to be pretreated to overcome its recalcitrance. In recent years, a variety of ionic liquids (ILs) have been found to be effective solvents for cellulose, providing a new, feasible pretreatment strategy. A lot of experimental and computational studies have been carried out to investigate the dissolution mechanism...
May 7, 2018: Chemical Science
H R J van Kernebeek, S J Oosting, M K van Ittersum, R Ripoll-Bosch, I J M de Boer
Mineral phosphorus (P) used to fertilise crops is derived from phosphate rock, which is a finite resource. Preventing and recycling mineral P waste in the food system, therefore, are essential to sustain future food security and long-term availability of mineral P. The aim of our modelling exercise was to assess the potential of preventing and recycling P waste in a food system, in order to reduce the dependency on phosphate rock. To this end, we modelled a hypothetical food system designed to produce sufficient food for a fixed population with a minimum input requirement of mineral P...
May 21, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Thiagarajan Sairam, Amit N Patel, Meenu Subrahmanian, Rajendiran Gopalan, Steven M Pogwizd, Sudha Ramalingam, Ramalingam Sankaran, Namakkal Soorapan Rajasekaran
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress has been linked to heart failure (HF) in humans. Antioxidant-based treatments are often ineffective. Therefore, we hypothesize that some of the HF patients might have a reductive stress (RS) condition. Investigating RS-related mechanisms will aid in personalized optimization of redox homeostasis for better outcomes among HF patients. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from HF patients (n = 54) and healthy controls (n = 42) and serum was immediately preserved in - 80 °C for redox analysis...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Jingjing Jiang, Xinyi Lin, Dong Ding, Guowang Diao
Taking advantages of the toehold-triggered strand displacement reaction (TSDR) and host-guest interaction of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), a facile enzyme-free and homogeneous electrochemical sensing strategy was designed for the sensitive assay of target DNA using Fe3 O4 @SiO2 @β-CD nanocomposites and ferrocene-labeled hairpin DNA (H-1) as the capture and electrochemical probes, respectively. Upon addition of target molecule, the initiated TSDR process induced the conformational change of H-1, and subsequently stimulated the dynamic assembly of assist probes (A-1 and A-2) to generate H-1:A-1:A-2 duplex along with the release of target sequence...
April 17, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Lingying Zhou, Ning Gan, Yongxiang Wu, Futao Hu, Jianyuan Lin, Yuting Cao, Dazhen Wu
Recently, it has been crucial to be able to detect and quantify small molecular targets simultaneously in biological samples. Herein, a simple and conventional double-T type microchip electrophoresis (MCE) based platform for the multiplex detection of quality indicator molecule targets in urine, using ampicillin (AMPI), adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and estradiol (E2) as models, was developed. Several programmable hairpin probes (PHPs) were designed for detecting different targets and triggering isothermal polymerase-catalyzed target recycling (IPCTR) for signal amplification...
May 18, 2018: Analyst
Wenhao Dai, Jing Zhang, Xiangdan Meng, Jie He, Kai Zhang, Yu Cao, Dongdong Wang, Haifeng Dong, Xueji Zhang
As important modulators of gene expression, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as promising biomarkers with powerful predictive value in diagnosis and prognosis for several diseases, especially for cancers. Here we report a facile, multiple and sensitive miRNA detection method that uses conventional gel electrophoresis and catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) system without any complex nanomaterials or enzymatic amplification. Methods: In this study, three pairs of hairpin probes are rationally designed with thermodynamically and kinetically preferable feasibility for the CHA process...
2018: Theranostics
Jing-Feng Li, Yibo Chen, Zhu Wang, Zhao-Qing Liu
In spite of recent progress in developing hollow micro/nanostructures, the synthesis of three-dimensional adsorbents with high adsorption efficiency and capability on the basis of these structures still remains a great challenge. Herein, we demonstrate a facile hydrothermal strategy to synthesize uniformly dispersed hollow CuWO4 spheres. The as-prepared CuWO4 spheres with unique mesoporous structure show favorable selective adsorption for cationic dyes and good recyclability. The adsorption capacity of hollow CuWO4 towards methylene blue (MB) reaches 59...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
K U Minchitha, H N Hareesh, K Venkatesh, M Shanty, N Nagaraju, N Kathyayini
Sulphate ion modified multiwalled carbon nanotubes (S-CNTs), mesoporous carbon (S-MC), zirconia (S-ZrO2), alumina (S-Al2O3) and silica (S-SiO2) were prepared by wet impregnation technique. The physico-chemical properties of the prepared materials were investigated by Powder-XRD, BET-Surface area and SEM-EDS analysis. Surface acidity of the materials was analyzed using TPD-NH3 and n-butyl amine titration methods. Catalytic activity of these materials was investigated in liquid phase transesterification of diethyl malonate with benzyl alcohol...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Ayoub Azizi, Afrooz Sharifi, Arash Azarfar, Ali Kiani, Alireza Jolazadeh
This study investigated the effects of recycled poultry bedding (RPB) on performance and protozoa population, microbial enzyme activity and microbial protein synthesis (MPS) in rumen contents of fattening lambs. Thirty-six male Moghani lambs (31.4 ± 3.2 kg body weight) were fed iso-energetic and iso-nitrogenous diets containing 0, 70, 140 or 210 g/kg dry matter (DM) RPB in a balanced randomized design (9 lambs per treatment). Results showed that final body weight, DM intake, average daily gain and feed conversion ratio were unchanged ( P  > 0...
June 2017: Animal nutrition
Yang Wang, Lijuan Liu, Pan Chen, Lina Zhang, Ang Lu
The physical dissolution of cellulose in aqueous solutions of tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide, triethylmethyl ammonium hydroxide, tetraethyl ammonium hydroxide, benzyltrimethyl ammonium hydroxide, benzyltriethyl ammonium hydroxide, NaOH and LiOH via freezing-thawing was investigated. Increasing the hydrophobicity of the cation greatly improved its dissolution capacity, leading to significant enhancement of cellulose solubility and stability against chain aggregation and gelation. The hydrophobic cations accumulated at the cellulose interface and decreased the surface tension, favouring dispersion of the disintegrated cellulose due to its amphiphilicity; this was consistent with molecular dynamics simulations...
May 15, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Ana Rita Ferreira, Nazaré Couto, Paula Guedes, Joana Pinto, Eduardo P Mateus, Alexandra B Ribeiro
The present work discusses the efficiency of the electrodialytic (ED) process to remove emerging organic contaminants (EOCs) from effluent. The ED process was carried out in a cell of two-compartments (2 C-cell) with effluent in either the anode or cathode compartment, separated from the electrolyte compartment through an anion or a cation exchange membrane (AEM and CEM, respectively). As effluent destination might be soil irrigation, and having in mind the nutrient recycling, phosphorus was also monitored in the process...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Jing Li, Ruoqi Wang, Zhen Su, Dandan Zhang, Heping Li, Youwei Yan
Nowadays, it is extremely urgent to search for efficient and effective catalysts for water purification due to the severe worldwide water-contamination crises. Here, 3D Fe@VO2 core-shell mesh, a highly efficient catalyst toward removal of organic dyes with excellent recycling ability in the dark is designed and developed for the first time. This novel core-shell structure is actually 304 stainless steel mesh coated by VO2 , fabricated by an electrophoretic deposition method. In such a core-shell structure, Fe as the core allows much easier separation from the water, endowing the catalyst with a flexible property for easy recycling, while VO2 as the shell is highly efficient in degradation of organic dyes with the addition of H2 O2 ...
May 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Shunbi Xie, Ying Tang, Dianyong Tang, Yanhua Cai
In this work, a highly sensitive impedimetric biosensor was developed for mercuric ion (Hg2+ ) detection. The biosensor design was based on Hg2+ -triggered exonuclease III (Exo III) cleavage for target recycling and DNAzyme-mediated catalytic for precipitation polymerization. Hg2+ induced thymine-thymine (T-T) mismatches were used to trigger the Exo III-catalyzed target recycling and produce free single-stranded DNA (defined as M). The outputted M then assisted the in formation of a DNA network on electrode surface to efficiently immobilize the porphyrin manganese (MnTmPyP)...
September 6, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Starla G Thornhill, Manish Kumar
Providing drinking water to space missions such as the International Space Station (ISS) is a costly requirement for human habitation. To limit the costs of water transport, wastewater is collected and purified using a variety of physical and chemical means. To date, sand-based biofilters have been designed to function against gravity, and biofilms have been shown to form in microgravity conditions. Development of a universal silver-recycling biological filter system that is able to function in both microgravity and full gravity conditions would reduce the costs incurred in removing organic contaminants from wastewater by limiting the energy and chemical inputs required...
May 2018: Life Sciences in Space Research
Xiaoyan Li, Gang Peng, Feng Cui, Qianying Qiu, Xiaojun Chen, He Huang
An ultrasensitive electrochemical genosensor has been fabricated for the double determination of two different specific sequences deduced from the maternally expressed gene3 (MEG3) lncRNA (long noncoding RNA), which was demonstrated by coupling RNase A-aided target recycling with DNA supersandwich-induced signal enhancement, based on a composite interface of graphene-like tungsten disulfide/dendritic gold nanostructures (WS2 /DGN). Firstly, duple target sequences of T1 and T2 were captured by the primer probes of P1 /P2 functionalized Fe3 O4 @C magnetic nanoparticles, via the DNA/RNA hybridization between T1 /T2 and P1 /P2 ...
May 2, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Jing Yang, Xian Jun Loh, Beng Hoon Tan, Zibiao Li
A smart and recyclable oil absorber based on pH-responsive block copolymer modified magnetic nanoparticles is constructed for effective separation of oil-in-water emulsions. Superparamagnetic iron(III) oxide (Fe3 O4 ) nanoparticles are designed as the core materials for providing the separation force, and surface modification with poly(4-vinylpyridine-b-dimethyl siloxane-b-4-vinylpyridine) (P4VP-PDMS-P4VP) block copolymer is performed to supply switchable oil wettability. The mean hydrodynamic radius of the nanoparticles increases from 43...
May 11, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Yuanyuan Liu, Yuhong Zhao, Yong Zhou, Xinli Guo, Zhongtao Chen, Weijie Zhang, Yao Zhang, Jian Chen, Zengmei Wang, Litao Sun, Tong Zhang
Noble metal nanoparticles (NPs) such as Au, Ag have shown many applications in the field of catalysis and sensing etc due to their excellent photoelectric properties. But agglomeration and low recovery rate are big problems for their applications. In this research, a novel Ag NPs/graphene (reduced graphene oxide)-loading loofah sponge (Ag NPs/RGO-LS) was synthesized through a one-step reduction method. Where the RGO is used as a nano-support with the high specific surface area and the high conductivity to prevent the agglomeration of Ag NPs and provide a conductive layer...
May 11, 2018: Nanotechnology
Luciana Hannibal, Keerthana Bolisetty, Armend Axhemi, Patricia M DiBello, Edward V Quadros, Sergey Fedosov, Donald W Jacobsen
Cobalamin [Cbl (or B12 )] deficiency causes megaloblastic anemia and a variety of neuropathies. However, homeostatic mechanisms of cyanocobalamin (CNCbl) and other Cbls by vascular endothelial cells are poorly understood. Herein, we describe our investigation into whether cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) perform transcytosis of B12 , namely, the complex formed between serum transcobalamin and B12 , designated as holo-transcobalamin (holo-TC). We show that cultured BAECs endocytose [57 Co]-CNCbl-TC (source material) via the CD320 receptor...
May 9, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
G Peri, P Ferrante, M La Gennusa, C Pianello, G Rizzo
Municipal solid waste (MSW) management constitutes a highly challenging issue to cope with in order of moving towards more sustainable urban policies. Despite new Standards call for recycling and reusing materials contained in the urban waste, several municipalities still use landfilling as a waste disposal method. Other than the environmental pressure exerted by these plants, waste transportation from the collection points to the landfill needs a specific attention to correctly assess the whole burden of the waste management systems...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
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