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design for recycling

Harriet E Moore, Jennifer Boldero
Policy makers draw on behavioral research to design interventions that promote the voluntary adoption of environmental behavior in societies. Many environmental behaviors will only be effective if they are maintained over the long-term. In the context of climate change and concerns about future water security, behaviors that involve reducing energy consumption and improving water quality must be continued indefinitely to mitigate global warming and preserve scarce resources. Previous reviews of environmental behavior have focused exclusively on factors related to adoption...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Sergey A Prokopenko, Vladimir S Ludzish, Anatoly A Li
The objective of this study was to find opportunities for metal waste recycling in the process of rock breaking in mines. A built-up cutter design for a combined cutter-loader and a recycling technique for a considerable portion of the deteriorated tool are suggested. Industrial tests have proven the possibility of a ten-fold increase in the use of cutters on mining machines for coal rock mass destruction. The proposed technique allows a four times reduction in metal consumption in the production and use of cutters and a reduction of the ultimate resulting waste by 80%...
December 2017: Waste Management & Research
Henson L Lee Yu, Yinghua Zhang, I-Ming Hsing
One of the promising approaches to address the challenge of detecting dilute nucleic acid analytes is exonuclease III-aided target recycling. In this strategy, the target DNA self-assembles with the reactant DNA probes and displays itself as a reactant and product at the same time. This provides an autonomous mechanism to release and reuse the analyte from each round of reactions for repetitive cycles, which amplifies the signal without amplifying the analyte itself. However, for very low amounts of the analyte, it takes a considerably long time before a detectable signal is generated...
November 21, 2017: Analyst
Juncai Zhao, Zhanfang Ma
Based on the target-induced catalytic hairpin assembly and bimetallic catalyst, the enzyme-free recycling amplification strategy for sensitive detection of prostate specific antigen (PSA) has been designed. The aptamer and its complementary DNA (C-apt) are modified on the magnetic particles. The aptamer-PSA binding event can release the C-apt that triggers the catalytic assembly between hairpin capture DNA and hairpin help DNA. Then the catalytic hairpin assembly leads to cyclic reuse the C-apt and the generation of many opened hairpin capture DNA, which can associate with the prepared Au/Pt-polymethylene blue (PMB) probes to yield electrochemical signal...
November 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Kanfu Peng, Pan Xie, Zhe-Han Yang, Ruo Yuan, Keqin Zhang
In this work, an amplified electrochemical ratiometric aptasensor for nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) assay based on target binding-triggered ratiometric signal readout and polymerase-assisted protein recycling amplification strategy is described. To demonstrate the effect of "signal-off" and "signal-on" change for the dual-signal electrochemical ratiometric readout, the thiol-hairpin DNA (SH-HD) hybridizes with methylene blue (MB)-modified protection DNA (MB-PD) to form capture probes, which is rationally introduced for the construction of the assay platform...
October 26, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Min Wang, Xiangqian Fan, Lingxia Zhang, Jianjun Liu, Beizhou Wang, Ruolin Cheng, Mengli Li, Jianjian Tian, Jianlin Shi
Porous activated carbons (PACs) are promising candidates to capture CO2 through physical adsorption because of their chemical stability, easy-synthesis, cost-effectiveness and good recyclability. However, their low CO2 adsorption capacity, especially low CO2/N2 selectivity, has limited their practical applications. In this work, an optimized PAC with a large specific surface area, a small micropore size, and a large micropore volume has been synthesized by one-step carbonization/activation of casein using K2CO3 as a mild activation agent...
November 16, 2017: Nanoscale
Bela Ozsvari, Federica Sotgia, Katie Simmons, Rachel Trowbridge, Richard Foster, Michael P Lisanti
Previous studies have now well-established that epithelial cancer cells can utilize ketone bodies (3-hydroxybutyrate and aceto-acetate) as mitochondrial fuels, to actively promote tumor growth and metastatic dissemination. The two critical metabolic enzymes implicated in this process are OXCT1 and ACAT1, which are both mitochondrial proteins. Importantly, over-expression of OXCT1 or ACAT1 in human breast cancer cells is sufficient to genetically drive tumorigenesis and/or lung metastasis, validating that they indeed behave as metabolic "tumor promoters"...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
J W Zhou, C L Zhong, H Liu, A A Degen, E C Titgemeyer, L M Ding, Z H Shang, X S Guo, Q Qiu, Z P Li, G Yang, R J Long
Under traditional management on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, yaks () graze only on natural pasture without supplements and are forced to cope with sparse forage of low N content, especially in winter. In contrast, indigenous Tibetan yellow cattle () require supplements during the cold season. We hypothesized that, in response to harsh conditions, yaks cope with low N intakes better than cattle. To test this hypothesis, a study of whole-body N retention and urea kinetics was conducted in 2 concurrent 4 × 4 Latin squares, with 1 square using yaks and 1 square using cattle...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
Rajia Kchaou, Rim Baccar, Jalel Bouzid, Saloua Rejeb
There is an increasing interest in the agricultural application of organic waste such as soil amendment, due to the possibility of recycling valuable components, organic matter, and nutrient elements necessary for plant growth. The present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of sewage sludge, and green waste compost application, on a forage crop, triticale "X Triticosecale Wittmack" compared to unfertilized control. The experimental design was installed in the glasshouse conditions at the Regional Field Crop Research Center in Beja, Tunisia...
November 3, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Shuanglong Lu, Yiming Hu, Shun Wan, Ryan McCaffrey, Yinghua Jin, Hongwei Gu, Wei Zhang
Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) with well-defined and customizable pore structures are promising templates for the synthesis of nanomaterials with controllable sizes and dispersity. Herein, a thioether-containing COF has been rationally designed and used for the confined growth of ultrafine metal nanoparticles (NPs). Pt or Pd nanoparticles (Pt NPs and Pd NPs) immobilized inside the cavity of the COF material have been successfully prepared at a high loading with a narrow size distribution (1.7 ± 0.2 nm)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Hyunwoo Ha, Mi Yoo, Hyesung An, Kihyun Shin, Taeyang Han, Youhan Sohn, Sangyeol Kim, Sang-Ro Lee, Jun Hyun Han, Hyun You Kim
We design a novel method for the CH4 reduction of SnO2 for the efficient recovery of Sn from SnO2 through a study combining theory and experiment. The atomic-level process of CH4-SnO2 interaction and temperature-dependent reduction behavior of SnO2 were studied with a combination of a multi-scale computational method of thermodynamic simulations and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. We found that CH4 was a highly efficient and a versatile reducing agent, as the total reducing power of CH4 originates from the carbon and hydrogen of CH4, which sequentially reduce SnO2...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
Miriam A Rosenbaum, Carola Berger, Simone Schmitz, Ronny Uhlig
In the past 6 years, microbial bioelectrochemistry has strongly increased in attraction and audience when expanding from mainly environmental technology applications to biotechnology. In particular, the promise to combine electrosynthesis with microbial catalysis opens attractive approaches for new sustainable redox-cofactor recycling, redox-balancing, or even biosynthesis processes. Much of this promise is still not fulfilled, but it has opened and fueled entirely new research areas in this discipline. Activities in designing, tailoring, and applying specific microbial catalysts as pure or defined co-cultures for defined target bioproductions are greatly accelerating...
October 26, 2017: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
Catherine Kanimozhi, Gerald J Brady, Matthew J Shea, Peishen Huang, Yongho Joo, Michael S Arnold, Padma Gopalan
Separation of electronically pure, narrowly dispersed, pristine, semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) from a heterogeneous as-synthesized mixture is essential for various semiconducting technologies and biomedical applications. Although conjugated polymer wrappers are often utilized to facilitate electronic-type sorting, it is highly desirable to remove organic residues from the resulting devices. We report here the design and synthesis of a mild acid-degradable π-conjugated polyimine polymer, poly[(9,9-di-n-octyl-2,7-fluoren-dinitrilomethine)-alt-co-(6,6'-{2,2'-bipyridyl-dimethine})] (PFO-N-BPy), that is structurally analogous to the commonly used and commercially available poly[(9,9-dioctylfluorenyl-2,7-diyl)-alt-co-(6,6'-(2,2'-bipyridine))] (PFO-BPy)...
November 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mustafa Tuzen, Ahmet Sarı, Tawfik A Saleh
The activated carbon (AC) was obtained from waste scrap tires and modified by bimetallic Fe and Ce nanoparticles in order to combine both the high surface area and the active sites for enhanced adsorption of the dye. The produced nanocomposite was used as a novel cost-effective magnetic in rhodamine B (RhB) removal from aqueous solutions. The FT-IR, SEM, EDX, TEM, and surface area analysis methods were implemented to characterize the morphological, chemical, thermal and surface properties of the developed adsorbent...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
Zihong Fan, Tianhui Wu, Xuan Xu
In this paper a novel visible light-driven ternary compound photocatalyst (β-NaYF4:Ho(3+)@TiO2-rGO) was synthesized using a three-step approach. This photocatalyst was characterized using X-ray diffraction, Raman scattering spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, fluorescence spectrometries, ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area measurement, electron spin resonance, three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy, and photoelectrochemical properties...
October 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
Han Gong, Wei Chu
In this study, the double-edge role of permanganate in sulfamethoxazole (SMX) photodegradation with a recyclable catalyst was revealed for the first time. The role of the catalyst under different UV wavelength, the role of permanganate in the treatment process, the effects of permanganate dosage and solution pH on the removal efficiency were investigated. Moreover, the transformation products, TOC reduction and the toxicity of the treated final product to Chlorella vulgaris and Artemia salina were determined...
October 15, 2017: Chemosphere
Yun-Bing Zhou, Zhuang-Ping Zhan
Conjugated microporous polymers (CMPs) are a class of crosslinked polymers that combine permanent micropores with π- conjugated skeletons and possess three-dimensional (3D) networks. Compared with conventional materials such as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and covalent organic frameworks (COFs), the CMPs usually have superior chemical and thermal stability. CMPs have made significant progress in heterogeneous catalysis in the past seven years. With a bottom-up strategy, catalytic moieties can be directly introduced into in the framework to produce heterogeneous CMP catalysts...
October 17, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Lei Jia, Tao Zhou, Jun Xu, Fenghai Li, Zhouqing Xu, Beibei Zhang, Shengli Guo, Xiaoke Shen, Wensheng Zhang
In this research, a facile and effective approach was developed for the preparation of well-designed AuPd alloyed catalysts supported on magnetic halloysite nanotubes (HNTs@Fe₃O₄@AuPd). The microstructure and the magnetic properties of HNTs@Fe₃O₄@AuPd were confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high resolution TEM (HRTEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) analyses. The catalysts, fabricated by a cheap, environmentally friendly, and simple surfactant-free formation process, exhibited high activities during the reduction of 4-nitrophenol and various other nitroaromatic compounds...
October 17, 2017: Nanomaterials
Arghya Datta, Raj Kumar Gupta, Sunil Goswami, Vijay Kumar Sharma, Haripada Bhunia, Damandeep Singh, Harish Jagat Pant
A radiotracer investigation was carried out on the measurement of residence time distribution (RTD) of process fluid in an industrial-scale ethyl acetate reactor system, which consists of two independent reactors with recirculation and connected in series with each other. Bromine-82 as ammonium bromide was used as the radiotracer for the RTD experiments at different operating conditions. The individual reactors and the overall reactor system were modelled using physically representative phenomenological models comprising of continuously stirred tank reactors (CSTRs)...
September 25, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Ka Leung Lam, Jennifer R Stokes-Draut, Arpad Horvath, Joe L Lane, Steven J Kenway, Paul A Lant
In recent years, cities in some water stressed regions have explored alternative water sources such as seawater desalination and potable water recycling in spite of concerns over increasing energy consumption. In this study, we evaluate the current and future life-cycle energy impacts of four alternative water supply strategies introduced during a decade-long drought in South East Queensland (SEQ), Australia. These strategies were: seawater desalination, indirect potable water recycling, network integration, and rainwater tanks...
October 9, 2017: Water Research
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