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design for recycling

J A Kull, H D Ingle, R A Black, N L Eberhart, P D Krawczel
Effects of bedding with recycled sand and season on lying behaviors, hygiene, and preferences of late-lactation Holstein cows were studied. It was hypothesized that recycled sand will decrease lying time and increase hygiene scores due to increased moisture content and organic matter, and thus a preference for the control sand will be evident. Cows (n = 64) were divided into 4 groups (n = 8 per group) per season. In summer (August to September), cows were balanced by days in milk (268.1 ± 11.9 d) and parity (2...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Vijay H Ingole, Kamal Hany Hussein, Anil A Kashale, Kalyani Ghule, Tomaž Vuherer, Vanja Kokol, Jia-Yaw Chang, Yong-Chien Ling, Aruna Vinchurkar, Hom N Dhakal, Anil V Ghule
Nanostructured hydroxyapatite (HAp) is most favorable candidate biomaterial for bone tissue engineering because of its bioactive and osteoconductive properties. Herein, we report for the first time ultrasound assisted facile and economic approach for the synthesis of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (Ca10 (PO4 )6 (OH)2 ) using recycled eggshell bio-waste referred as EHAp. The process involves the reaction of eggshell bio-waste as a source of calcium and ammonium dihydrogen orthophosphate as a phosphate source...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Zhongkai Wang, Liang Yuan, Chuanbing Tang
Sustainable elastomers have undergone explosive growth in recent years, partly due to the resurgence of biobased materials prepared from renewable natural resources. However, mounting challenges still prevail: How can the chemical compositions and macromolecular architectures of sustainable polymers be controlled and broadened? How can their processability and recyclability be enabled? How can they compete with petroleum-based counterparts in both cost and performance? Molecular-biomass-derived polymers, such as polymyrcene, polymenthide, and poly(ε-decalactone), have been employed for constructing thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs)...
June 21, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
Zhi-Bin Wen, Wen-Bin Liang, Ying Zhuo, Cheng-Yi Xiong, Ying-Ning Zheng, Ruo Yuan, Ya-Qin Chai
An ultrasensitive fluorescence assay for intracellular Pb(2+) determination was proposed through target-intermediate recycling amplification based on metal-assisted DNAzyme catalysis and strand displacement reactions. Compared with only target recycling-based fluorescence assay with an M amplification ratio, the proposed assay could achieve an M × N amplification ratio to obtain an improved sensitivity by more than 10 times, in which M and N are the amplification ratios of target recycling and intermediate recycling, respectively...
June 20, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Jingyang Xu, Nian Liu, Kangjian Qiao, Sebastian Vogg, Gregory Stephanopoulos
Acetic acid can be generated through syngas fermentation, lignocellulosic biomass degradation, and organic waste anaerobic digestion. Microbial conversion of acetate into triacylglycerols for biofuel production has many advantages, including low-cost or even negative-cost feedstock and environmental benefits. The main issue stems from the dilute nature of acetate produced in such systems, which is costly to be processed on an industrial scale. To tackle this problem, we established an efficient bioprocess for converting dilute acetate into lipids, using the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica in a semicontinuous system...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Manman Mu, Yanwen Wang, Yutian Qin, Xilong Yan, Yang Li, Li-Gong Chen
Two-dimensional imine-linked covalent organic frameworks with hydroxyl groups, namely TAPT-DHTA-COFHX and TAPT-DHTA-COFDMF, were respectively constructed by the condensation of 1, 3, 5- tris- (4- aminophenyl) triazine and 2, 5- dihydroxyl- terephthalaldehyde under solvothermal and reflux conditions. Both of COFs possess excellent thermal stability and the similar eclipsed stacking structure verified by XRD patterns. However, TAPT-DHTA-COFHX presented larger surface area (2238 m2/g) and higher crystallinity than TAPT-DHTA-COFDMF...
June 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yan Zhang, Chen-Chen Li, Bo Tang, Chun-Yang Zhang
DNA glycosylases are responsible for recognition and excision of the damaged bases in the base excision repair pathway, and all mammals express multiple DNA glycosylases to maintain genome stability. However, simultaneous detection of multiple DNA glycosylase still remains a great challenge. Here, we develop a rapid and sensitive fluorescent method for simultaneous detection of uracil DNA glycolase (UDG) and human 8-oxoG DNA glycosylase 1 (hOGG1) using exonuclease-assisted recycling signal amplification in combination with fluorescent bases 2-aminopurine (2-AP) and pyrrolo-dC (P-dC) as the fluorophores...
June 16, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Qianqian Chen, Lei Wang, Gaihuan Ren, Qian Liu, Zhenghe Xu, Dejun Sun
Ion pair interactions were explored to design a fatty acid solvent of switchable miscibility with water. Fatty acids of medium length chains are immiscible with water but become miscible with water when ion pairs are formed with amines. The ion pairs become phase separated after bubbling CO2 into the solution due to the dissociation of the fatty acid-amine complexes. Ion pairs of caprylic acid (C8) and low toxic poly(oxypropylene) diamine (Jeffamine D-230) were characterized by FT-IR and (1)H NMR. Log Kow values and surface activity were used to understand the switchable solvent mechanism in removing and recovering oily contaminants...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Briana Aguila, Qi Sun, Jason A Perman, Lyndsey D Earl, Carter W Abney, Radwan Elzein, Rudy Schlaf, Shengqian Ma
The primary challenge in materials design and synthesis is achieving the balance between performance and economy for real-world application. This issue is addressed by creating a thiol functionalized porous organic polymer (POP) using simple free radical polymerization techniques to prepare a cost-effective material with a high density of chelating sites designed for mercury capture and therefore environmental remediation. The resulting POP is able to remove aqueous and airborne mercury with uptake capacities of 1216 and 630 mg g(-1) , respectively...
June 14, 2017: Advanced Materials
Brian P Bradow, Geoffrey G Hallock, Samuel P Wilcock
BACKGROUND: Delayed or even lack of healing of a split-thickness skin graft (STSG) donor site is a potential problem with elderly patients or those with poor wound healing capabilities. A proactive solution that may minimize this risk is to regraft that donor site using otherwise discarded skin graft remnants. METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, consecutive study was designed to compare the time to healing of the commonly used anterior thigh STSG donor site in patients who had routine dressings (n = 113) versus those with comorbidities known to adversely affect wound healing and had planned regrafting (n = 204)...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Chaoji Chen, Yiju Li, Jianwei Song, Zhi Yang, Yudi Kuang, Emily Hitz, Chao Jia, Amy Gong, Feng Jiang, J Y Zhu, Bao Yang, Jia Xie, Liangbing Hu
Solar steam generation with subsequent steam recondensation has been regarded as one of the most promising techniques to utilize the abundant solar energy and sea water or other unpurified water through water purification, desalination, and distillation. Although tremendous efforts have been dedicated to developing high-efficiency solar steam generation devices, challenges remain in terms of the relatively low efficiency, complicated fabrications, high cost, and inability to scale up. Here, inspired by the water transpiration behavior of trees, the use of carbon nanotube (CNT)-modified flexible wood membrane (F-Wood/CNTs) is demonstrated as a flexible, portable, recyclable, and efficient solar steam generation device for low-cost and scalable solar steam generation applications...
June 12, 2017: Advanced Materials
Spencer R Scott, M Omar Din, Philip Bittihn, Liyang Xiong, Lev S Tsimring, Jeff Hasty
Microbial ecologists are increasingly turning to small, synthesized ecosystems(1-5) as a reductionist tool to probe the complexity of native microbiomes(6,7). Concurrently, synthetic biologists have gone from single-cell gene circuits(8-11) to controlling whole populations using intercellular signalling(12-16). The intersection of these fields is giving rise to new approaches in waste recycling(17), industrial fermentation(18), bioremediation(19) and human health(16,20). These applications share a common challenge(7) well-known in classical ecology(21,22)-stability of an ecosystem cannot arise without mechanisms that prohibit the faster-growing species from eliminating the slower...
June 12, 2017: Nature Microbiology
Yiqin Xie, Chunhui Deng, Yan Li
Highly efficient extraction and enrichment of the N-linked glycopeptides from complex biological samples before mass spectrometry analysis remains important but challenging, due to the low abundance and suppression by proteins and salts. Herein, a facile route to an ultra-hydrophilic metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)-functionalized magnetic nanoparticle (Fe3O4@PDA@Zr-SO3H) was proposed. The as-prepared MOFs was endowed with excellent and unique properties, such as excellent hydrophilicity, ultrahigh surface area, and strong magnetic responsiveness...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Kathleen E Duncan, Irene A Davidova, Heather S Nunn, Blake W Stamps, Bradley S Stevenson, Pierre J Souquet, Joseph M Suflita
Offshore oil-producing platforms are designed for efficient and cost-effective separation of oil from water. However, design features and operating practices may create conditions that promote the proliferation and spread of biocorrosive microorganisms. The microbial communities and their potential for metal corrosion were characterized for three oil production platforms that varied in their oil-water separation processes, fluid recycling practices, and history of microbially influenced corrosion (MIC). Microbial diversity was evaluated by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and numbers of total bacteria, archaea, and sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) were estimated by qPCR...
June 8, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Adriana F M Braga, Maria Beatriz O C Pereira, Marcelo Zaiat, Gustavo H R da Silva, Fernando G Fermoso
Community on-site separation of wastewater is a treatment approach that leads to more efficient processes, with former pollutants considered resources to be recycled. Black water has high organic matter content and can be a suitable feedstock for anaerobic treatment systems. Biological methane production (BMP) tests were conducted using Plackett-Burman design to screen the effects of adding Fe, Ni, Cu, Co, Mn, Ba and Se, with simulated black water (SBW) as the substrate. In the inoculum, most metals were found mainly in the organic matter/sulfide and residual fractions except for Mn, which was present at 12...
June 8, 2017: Environmental Technology
Abdullah Al Loman, S M Mahfuzul Islam, Qian Li, Lu-Kwang Ju
Despite having high protein and carbohydrate, soybean flour utilization is limited to partial replacement of animal feed to date. Enzymatic process can be exploited to increase its value by enriching protein content and separating carbohydrate for utilization as fermentation feedstock. Enzyme hydrolysis with fed-batch and recycle designs were evaluated here for achieving this goal with high productivities. Fed-batch process improved carbohydrate conversion, particularly at high substrate loadings of 250-375g/L...
May 20, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Dan Sun, Guohua Qi, Fanghao Cao, Weiqing Xu, Qidan Chen, Shuping Xu
A highly sensitive and recyclable surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) chip sensor is designed for the determination of silver ions. It is based on the specific reversible binding between silver ions and glucose oxidase (GOD). The sensing chip is made by layer-by-layer assembling GOD on a metal nanoparticle-assembled, SERS-active chip with a positive charged polyelectrolyte as a linker. Iso-alloxazine, a chromophore in flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) in GOD, coordinates with silver ions, which causes significant variation in SERS spectra of GOD...
August 15, 2017: Talanta
Bharat P Dwivedee, Jayeeta Bhaumik, Shushil K Rai, Joydev K Laha, Uttam C Banerjee
The present work reports covalent immobilization of Pseudomonas fluorescens lipase (PFL) on functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as a nanobiocatalyst (NBC). This nanobiocatalyst facilitates efficient kinetic resolution of (RS)-1-phenylethanol into (S)-1-phenylethanol [C=49.7%, eep=99.5%, ees=98.1% and E value=191.4]. The immobilized preparation (MWCNTs-PFL) showed ten-fold increase in activity, thermal stability upto 80 °C and recyclability (8 cycles). MWCNTs-PFL nanobioconjugate demonstrated better stability and enhanced activity compared to covalently immobilized PFL on other matrices (silver nanoparticles, gold nanoparticles and chitosan beads) used for the study...
September 2017: Bioresource Technology
Qingchun Xia, Zijian Li, Chunxia Tan, Yan Liu, Wei Gong, Yong Cui
The search for versatile heterogeneous catalysts with multiple active sites for broad asymmetric transformations has long been of great interest, but it remains a formidable synthetic challenge. Here we demonstrate that multivariate metal-organic frameworks (MTV-MOFs) can be used as an excellent platform to engineer heterogeneous catalysts featuring multiple and cooperative active sites. An isostructural series of 2-fold interpenetrated MTV-MOFs that contain up to three different chiral metallosalen catalysts was constructed and used as efficient and recyclable heterogeneous catalysts for a variety of asymmetric sequential alkene epoxidation/epoxide ring-opening reactions...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Hendrik Fuchs, Nicole Niesler, Alexandra Trautner, Simko Sama, Gerold Jerz, Hossein Panjideh, Alexander Weng
Protein-based targeted toxins play an increasingly important role in targeted tumor therapies. In spite of their high intrinsic toxicity, their efficacy in animal models is low. A major reason for this is the limited entry of the toxin into the cytosol of the target cell, which is required to mediate the fatal effect. Target receptor bound and internalized toxins are mostly either recycled back to the cell surface or lysosomally degraded. This might explain why no antibody-targeted protein toxin has been approved for tumor therapeutic applications by the authorities to date although more than 500 targeted toxins have been developed within the last decades...
March 29, 2017: Biomedicines
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