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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457632/rapid-eradication-of-bacterial-phytopathogens-by-atmospheric-pressure-glow-discharge-generated-in-contact-with-a-flowing-liquid-cathode
#1
Agata Motyka, Anna Dzimitrowicz, Piotr Jamroz, Ewa Lojkowska, Wojciech Sledz, Pawel Pohl
Diseases caused by phytopathogenic bacteria are responsible for significant economic losses, and these bacteria spread through diverse pathways including waterways and industrial wastes. It is therefore of interest to develop potent methods for their eradication. Here, antibacterial properties of direct current atmospheric pressure glow discharge (dc-APGD) generated in contact with flowing bacterial suspensions were examined against five species of phytopathogens. Complete eradication of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp...
February 19, 2018: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456002/extraction-and-characterization-of-polysaccharides-from-tamarind-seeds-rice-mill-residue-okra-waste-and-sugarcane-bagasse-for-its-bio-thermoplastic-properties
#2
C Chandra Mohan, K Harini, B Vajiha Aafrin, U Lalitha Priya, P Maria Jenita, S Babuskin, S Karthikeyan, K Sudarshan, V Renuka, M Sukumar
The aim of the present study is to extract potential thermoplastic polysaccharides from agricultural industrial wastes. Polysaccharides were extracted from renewable agro industrial wastes such as tamarind seeds [rich in starch (TSS)], okra head waste [rich in mucilage polysaccharide (OMP)], sugarcane bagasse [rich in cellulose (SBC)] and residual rice mill wastes [rich in starch and fiber (RS)]. Urigam variety of tamarind seed starch found to be an amylose rich starch. Different polysaccharides extracted from agro wastes were found to be having high thermal stability, except okra polysaccharide (comparatively low)...
April 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454818/comprehensive-characterization-of-printed-circuit-boards-of-various-end-of-life-electrical-and-electronic-equipment-for-beneficiation-investigation
#3
Anshu Priya, Subrata Hait
Comprehensive characterization of printed circuit board (PCB) of end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) is obligatory for prospective profitable beneficiation. In this study, beneficiation oriented comprehensive characterization of two brands of PCBs each of 16 end-of-life EEE was conducted in terms of their physicochemical characteristics with special emphasis on the content of 16 general elements, 2 precious metals and 15 rare earth elements (REEs). General elements and their highest weight percent composition found in different PCBs of the EEEs were Cu (23% in laptop), Al (6% in computer), Pb (15% in DVD player) and Ba (7% in TV)...
February 14, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454300/gold-copper-bimetallic-nanoparticles-supported-on-nano-p-zeolite-modified-carbon-paste-electrode-as-an-efficient-electrocatalyst-and-sensitive-sensor-for-determination-of-hydrazine
#4
Fatemeh Amiripour, Seyed Naser Azizi, Shahram Ghasemi
In this report, a facile, efficient and low cost electrochemical sensor based on bimetallic Au-Cu nanoparticles supported on P nanozeolite modified carbon paste electrode (Au-Cu/NPZ/CPE) was constructed and its efficiency for determination of hydrazine in trace level was studied. For this purpose, agro waste material, stem sweep ash (SSA) was employed as the starting material (silica source) for the synthesis of nano P zeolite (NPZ). After characterization of the synthesized NPZ by analytical instruments (scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy), construction of Au-Cu/NPZ/CPE was performed by three steps procedure involving preparation of nano P zeolite modified carbon paste electrode (NPZ/CPE), introducing Cu +2 ions into nano zeolite structure by ion exchange and electrochemical reduction of Cu +2 ions upon applying constant potential...
February 5, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454212/adsorption-of-sulfamethoxazole-by-magnetic-biochar-effects-of-ph-ionic-strength-natural-organic-matter-and-17%C3%AE-ethinylestradiol
#5
Febelyn Reguyal, Ajit K Sarmah
Recent studies have shown the widespread occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment leading to increasing global concern on their potential adverse effects in the environment and public health. In this study, we evaluated the use of magnetic biochar derived from pine sawdust, one of New Zealand's major wood wastes, to remove an emerging contaminant, sulfamethoxazole (SMX), at different pH, ionic strength, natural organic matter (NOM) and a competing compound, 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2). In single-solute system, the sorption of SMX onto magnetic biochar was found to be highly pH-dependent and slightly increased with increase in ionic strength...
February 14, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453061/effect-of-u-vi-aqueous-speciation-on-the-binding-of-uranium-by-the-cell-surface-of-rhodotorula-mucilaginosa-a-natural-yeast-isolate-from-bentonites
#6
Margarita Lopez-Fernandez, Maria Romero-González, Alix Günther, Pier L Solari, Mohamed L Merroun
This study presents the effect of aqueous uranium speciation (U-hydroxides and U-hydroxo-carbonates) on the interaction of this radionuclide with the cells of the yeast Rhodotorula mucigilanosa BII-R8. This strain was isolated from Spanish bentonites considered as reference materials for the engineered barrier components of the future deep geological repository of radioactive waste. X-ray absorption and infrared spectroscopy showed that the aqueous uranium speciation has no effect on the uranium binding process by this yeast strain...
February 9, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449176/rubber-gloves-biodegradation-by-a-consortium-mixed-culture-and-pure-culture-isolated-from-soil-samples
#7
Chairat Nawong, Kamontam Umsakul, Natthawan Sermwittayawong
An increasing production of natural rubber (NR) products has led to major challenges in waste management. In this study, the degradation of rubber latex gloves in a mineral salt medium (MSM) using a bacterial consortium, a mixed culture of the selected bacteria and a pure culture were studied. The highest 18% weight loss of the rubber gloves were detected after incubated with the mixed culture. The increased viable cell counts over incubation time indicated that cells used rubber gloves as sole carbon source leading to the degradation of the polymer...
February 3, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449113/characterization-of-the-non-metal-fraction-of-the-processed-waste-printed-circuit-boards
#8
Amit Kumar, Maria E Holuszko, Travis Janke
Electronic waste is one the fastest growing waste streams in the world and waste printed circuit boards (PCB) are the most valuable part of this stream due to the presence of gold, silver, copper, and palladium. The metal present in PCBs is mostly recovered for the market value whereas the nonmetal fractions are often ignored. This research explored the characteristics of the non-metal fraction (NMF) obtained after the processing of milled waste PCBs with a focus on responsible end-of-life solutions, in the form of non-hazardous landfilling or incineration...
February 12, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448182/enhanced-alumina-recovery-from-secondary-aluminum-dross-for-high-purity-nanostructured-%C3%AE-alumina-powder-production-kinetic-study
#9
Mostafa Mahinroosta, Ali Allahverdi
The numerous ecological problems caused by the accumulation of secondary aluminum dross (SAD) as a hazardous waste generated in aluminum castings have necessitated a need for a sustainable recycling solution. This study proposes a novel and green leaching-based process for recovery of nano-alumina as a highly valuable material from SAD. The leaching phase was performed at atmospheric pressure and low temperature. To obtain optimum conditions for the recovery process, the dissolution kinetics and mechanism of SAD in hydrochloric acid were initially studied under a given liquid-to-solid ratio of 20 ml/g, various reaction temperatures and times...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447971/a-mechanistic-approach-to-degrade-and-detoxify-dye-based-environmental-pollutants-using-horseradish-peroxidase-assisted-packed-bed-reactor
#10
Tahir Rasheed, Muhammad Bilal, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Hongbo Hu, Wei Wang, Xuehong Zhang
Owing to the ever-increasing environmental and health impacts associated with the discharge of dye-based effluents, effective remediation of industrial waste has become a top priority for the industrialists and environmental fraternity, around the world. In this context, plant-based peroxidases represent a suitable bio-remediating agent for the effective treatment of original dyes or dye-based colored wastewater effluents. In the present study, horseradish peroxidase was entrapped on a polyacrylamide gel and investigated its potential for the degradation and detoxification of an azo dye, methyl orange...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444195/decrease-in-inpatient-telemetry-utilization-through-a-system-wide-electronic-health-record-change-and-a-multifaceted-hospitalist-intervention
#11
Karli Edholm, Polina Kukhareva, Claire Ciarkowski, Jason Carr, David Gill, Austin Rupp, Jack Morshedzadeh, Nathan Wanner, Kensaku Kawamoto
BACKGROUND: Unnecessary telemetry monitoring contributes to healthcare waste. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of 2 interventions to reduce telemetry utilization. DESIGN, SETTING, PATIENTS: A 2-group retrospective, observational pre- to postintervention study of 35,871 nonintensive care unit (ICU) patients admitted to 1 academic medical center. INTERVENTION: On the hospitalist service, we implemented a telemetry reduction intervention including education, process change, routine feedback, and a financial incentive between January 2015 and June 2015...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442961/new-green-hydrogels-based-on-lignin
#12
Diana Ciolacu, Georgeta Cazacu
The development of various green materials from lignin, which is most often considered as waste, is of prime interest from environmental and economic points of view. In the last years, only few studies regarding the use of lignin as a backbone component in the hydrogels have been made. The potential efficacy of lignin in hydrogels with particular emphasis on synthesis and characterization was investigated. By using steam explosion lignin from aspen wood or the corresponding epoxy-resin mixed with poly(vinyl alcohol), a series of new green hydrogels were prepared by covalent crosslinking in the presence of the epichlorohydrin...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441823/electron-donation-characteristics-and-interplays-of-major-volatile-fatty-acids-from-anaerobically-fermented-organic-matters-in-bioelectrochemical-systems
#13
Zhiqiang Zhang, Jiamiao Li, Xiaoxuan Hao, Zaoli Gu, Siqing Xia
Anaerobic fermentation liquid of waste organic matters (WOMs) is rich in volatile fatty acids (VFAs), which can be treated with bioelectrochemical systems for both electrical energy recovery and organics removal. In this work, four major VFAs in the fermented WOMs supernatant were selected to examine their electron donation characteristics for power output and their complicated interplays in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Results indicated a priority sequence of acetate, propionate, n-butyrate and i-valerate when served as the sole electron donor for electricity generation...
February 14, 2018: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438937/arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-alleviate-the-heavy-metal-toxicity-on-sunflower-helianthus-annuus-l-plants-cultivated-on-a-heavily-contaminated-field-soil-at-a-weee-recycling-site
#14
Yu Zhang, Junli Hu, Jianfeng Bai, Junhua Wang, Rui Yin, Jingwei Wang, Xiangui Lin
An 8-week pot experiment was conducted to investigate the growth and responses of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) to arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungal inoculations on a heavily heavy metal (HM)-contaminated (H) soil and a lightly HM-enriched (L) soil, both of which were collected from a waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE)-recycling site. Compared with the L soil, the H soil induced significantly larger (P<0.05) concentrations of Cd, Cu, Pb, Cr, Zn and Ni in sunflower (except for root Cr and shoot Ni), which impaired the thylakoid lamellar folds in leaves...
February 10, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436224/dynamic-stocks-and-flows-analysis-of-bisphenol-a-bpa-in-china-2000-2014
#15
Daqian Jiang, Wei-Qiang Chen, Xianlai Zeng, Linbin Tang
Bisphenol A (BPA), a synthetic organic chemical, is creating a new category of ecological and human health challenges due to unintended leakage. Effectively managing the use and leakage of BPA can benefit from an understanding of the anthropogenic BPA cycle (i.e., the size of BPA flows and stocks). In this work, we provide a dynamic analysis of the anthropogenic BPA cycle in China for 2000-2014. We find that China's BPA inflows haveconsumption has increased 10-fold since 2000, to approximately ~3 million tonnes/year...
February 13, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429695/histo-cytochemistry-and-scanning-electron-microscopy-for-studying-spatial-and-temporal-extraction-of-metabolites-induced-by-ultrasound-towards-chain-detexturation-mechanism
#16
B Khadhraoui, M Turk, A S Fabiano-Tixier, E Petitcolas, P Robinet, R Imbert, M El Maâtaoui, F Chemat
There are more than 1300 articles in scientific literature dealing with positive impacts of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction (UAE) such as reduction of extraction time, diminution of solvent and energy used, enhancement in yield and even selectivity, intensification of diffusion, and eliminating wastes. This present study aims to understand what are the mechanism(s) behind these positive impacts which will help to design a decision tool for UAE of natural products. Different microscopic observations (Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (e-SEM), Cyto-histochemistry) have been used for spacial and temporal localization of metabolites in rosemary leaves, which is one of the most studied and most important plant for its antioxidant metabolites used in food industry, during conventional and ultrasound extraction...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429303/biodegradation-of-feather-waste-keratin-by-a-keratin-degrading-strain-of-bacillus-subtilis-8
#17
Zhoufeng He, Rong Sun, Zizhong Tang, Tongliang Bu, Qi Wu, Chenlei Li, Hui Chen
Bacillus subtilis 8 is highly efficient at degrading feather keratin. We observed integrated feather degradation over the course of 48 h in basic culture medium while studying the entire process with scanning electron microscopy. Large amounts of ammonia, sulfite, and L-cysteic acid were detected in fermented liquid. In addition, four enzymes (Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase, Peptidase T, Serine protease and Cystathionine gamma-synthase) were identified that play an important role in this degradation pathway, all of which were verified with molecular cloning and prokaryotic expression...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428390/iminodiacetic-acid-modified-kenaf-fiber-for-waste-water-treatment
#18
Muhammad Raznisyafiq Razak, Nor Azah Yusof, Mohammad Jelas Haron, Norazowa Ibrahim, Faruq Mohammad, Sazlinda Kamaruzaman, Hamad A Al-Lohedan
In the present study, immunodiacetic acid (IDA)-modified kenaf fiber, K-IDA formed by the chemical modification of plant kenaf biomass was tested for its efficacy as a sorbent material towards the purification of waste water. The K-IDA fiber was first characterized by the instrumental techniques like Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis, elemental analysis (CHNSO), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). On testing for the biosorption, we found that the K-IDA has an increment in the adsorption of Cu2+ ions as compared against the untreated fiber...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427862/using-a-tubular-photosynthetic-microbial-fuel-cell-to-treat-anaerobically-digested-effluent-from-kitchen-waste-mechanisms-of-organics-and-ammonium-removal
#19
Haiyan Pei, Zhigang Yang, Changliang Nie, Qingjie Hou, Lijie Zhang, Yuting Wang, Shasha Zhang
Anaerobically digested effluent from kitchen waste (ADE-KW) was used herein as the substrate of a tubular photosynthetic microbial fuel cell (PMFC) for power production, and also, after being diluted, as a medium for cultivation of algae in the cathodic chamber. Adding 3 mg/L phosphorus to the catholyte could efficiently enhance the algal growth and the PMFC performance. About 0.94 g/L algal biomass and 0.57 kWh/m3-ADE-KW bioelectricity were obtained from the PMFC. Soluble microbial byproduct-like material and aromatic proteins were the dominant organics in the ADE-KW, which were readily degradable in the system...
February 2, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421112/hexabromocyclododecanes-hbcds-in-fish-evidence-of-recent-hbcd-input-into-the-coastal-environment
#20
Runxia Sun, Xiaojun Luo, Xiaobo Zheng, Kun Cao, Pingan Peng, Qing X Li, Bixian Mai
Hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs) are flame retardants and emerging persistent organic pollutants. In the present study, α-, β-, and γ-HBCDs were measured in several fish species from rivers and an electronic waste (e-waste) recycling site in Pearl River Delta, South China. The concentrations of HBCDs were 12.8 to 640, 5.90 to 115, and 34.3 to 518ng/g lipid weight (lw) in mud carp (Cirrhinus molitorella), tilapia (Tilapia nilotica), and plecostomus (Hypostomus plecostomus), respectively. Plecostomus showed the highest HBCD concentrations among three fish species...
January 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
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