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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028830/er-stress-and-subsequent-activated-calpain-play-a-pivotal-role-in-skeletal-muscle-wasting-after-severe-burn-injury
#1
Li Ma, Wanli Chu, Jiake Chai, Chuanan Shen, Dawei Li, Xiaoteng Wang
Severe burns are typically followed by hypermetabolism characterized by significant muscle wasting, which causes considerable morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present study was to explore the underlying mechanisms of skeletal muscle damage/wasting post-burn. Rats were randomized to the sham, sham+4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA, a pharmacological chaperone promoting endoplasmic reticulum (ER) folding/trafficking, commonly considered as an inhibitor of ER), burn (30% total body surface area), and burn+4-PBA groups; and sacrificed at 1, 4, 7, 14 days after the burn injury...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027560/recovered-spinel-mnco2o4-from-spent-lithium-ion-batteries-for-enhanced-electrocatalytic-oxygen-evolution-in-alkaline-medium
#2
Subramanian Natarajan, S Anantharaj, Rajesh J Tayade, Hari C Bajaj, Subrata Kundu
A facile way of recovering 3d transition metals of industrial importance from spent lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) without using any surfactants has been developed. Mn- and Co-rich spent LIBs were chosen as sustainable sources for recovering the oxides of the respective elements. The physical dismantling of Li-ion batteries, chemical leaching with 2 M acetic acid, precipitation with ammonium carbonate, hydrothermal conditioning and calcination at 650 °C led to the facile formation of spherical spinel MnCo2O4 with very high morphological selectivity...
October 13, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027512/challenges-associated-with-missing-data-in-electronic-health-records-a-case-study-of-a-risk-prediction-model-for-diabetes-using-data-from-slovenian-primary-care
#3
Gregor Stiglic, Primoz Kocbek, Nino Fijacko, Aziz Sheikh, Majda Pajnkihar
The increasing availability of data stored in electronic health records brings substantial opportunities for advancing patient care and population health. This is, however, fundamentally dependant on the completeness and quality of data in these electronic health records. We sought to use electronic health record data to populate a risk prediction model for identifying patients with undiagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus. We, however, found substantial (up to 90%) amounts of missing data in some healthcare centres...
October 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027469/bucking-the-current-trend-in-bioelectrochemical-systems-a-case-for-bioelectroanalytics
#4
Thomas William Seviour, Jamie Hinks
Turning wastewater directly into electricity is alluring, widespread use of microbial fuel cells (MFCs) to achieve this at industrial scale appears increasingly unlikely despite intense research efforts lasting over a decade. Such endeavors have not been futile, however, and game-changing discoveries have resulted from these well-intentioned, scientifically rigorous but ultimately frustrated attempts to resolve the Waste-Energy dichotomy. The appeal of MFCs is largely of conceptual elegance rather than financial competitiveness, based on the green ideal that bacteria can be turned into cost effective bio-batteries...
October 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025529/-volume-or-value-the-role-of-the-radiologist-in-managing-radiological-exams
#5
Carlos Francisco Silva, Teresa Guerra
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to understand the reasons and quantify the number of ultrasounds and computed tomographies that are potentially wasted in the hospital emergency in our institution, and the importance that the radiologist can have in the management and screening of these exams. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was decided that urgent tests that were pending for more than seven days would be the object of analysis as to why they were not performed, consulting the electronic medical records...
September 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023389/upcycling-waste-lard-oil-into-vertical-graphene-sheets-by-inductively-coupled-plasma-assisted-chemical-vapor-deposition
#6
Angjian Wu, Xiaodong Li, Jian Yang, Changming Du, Wangjun Shen, Jianhua Yan
Vertical graphene (VG) sheets were single-step synthesized via inductively coupled plasma (ICP)-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) using waste lard oil as a sustainable and economical carbon source. Interweaved few-layer VG sheets, H₂, and other hydrocarbon gases were obtained after the decomposition of waste lard oil. The influence of parameters such as temperature, gas proportion, ICP power was investigated to tune the nanostructures of obtained VG, which indicated that a proper temperature and H₂ concentration was indispensable for the synthesis of VG sheets...
October 12, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022173/quantifying-the-potential-export-flows-of-used-electronic-products-in-macau-a-case-study-of-pcs
#7
Danfeng Yu, Qingbin Song, Zhishi Wang, Jinhui Li, Huabo Duan, Jinben Wang, Chao Wang, Xu Wang
The used electronic product (UEP) has attracted the worldwide attentions because part of e-waste may be exported from developed countries to developing countries in the name of UEP. On the basis of large foreign trade data of electronic products (e-products), this study adopted the trade data approach (TDA) to quantify the potential exports of UEP in Macau, taking a case study of personal computers (PCs). The results show that the desktop mainframes, LCD monitors, and CRT monitors have more low-unit-value trades with higher trade volumes in the past 10 years, while the laptop and tablet PCs, as the newer technologies, owned the higher ratios of the high-unit-value trades...
October 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021736/nanocrystallography-measurements-of-early-stage-synthetic-malaria-pigment
#8
Ruben A Dilanian, Victor Streltsov, Hannah D Coughlan, Harry M Quiney, Andrew V Martin, Nectarios Klonis, Con Dogovski, Sébastien Boutet, Marc Messerschmidt, Garth J Williams, Sophie Williams, Nicholas W Phillips, Keith A Nugent, Leann Tilley, Brian Abbey
The recent availability of extremely intense, femtosecond X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) sources has spurred the development of serial femtosecond nanocrystallography (SFX). Here, SFX is used to analyze nanoscale crystals of β-hematin, the synthetic form of hemozoin which is a waste by-product of the malaria parasite. This analysis reveals significant differences in β-hematin data collected during SFX and synchrotron crystallography experiments. To interpret these differences two possibilities are considered: structural differences between the nanocrystal and larger crystalline forms of β-hematin, and radiation damage...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Crystallography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018285/the-ultrastructure-of-spinal-cord-perivascular-spaces-implications-for-the-circulation-of-cerebrospinal-fluid
#9
Magdalena A Lam, Sarah J Hemley, Elmira Najafi, Nicole G F Vella, Lynne E Bilston, Marcus A Stoodley
Perivascular spaces play a pivotal role in the exchange between cerebrospinal and interstitial fluids, and in the clearance of waste in the CNS, yet their precise anatomical components are not well described. The aim of this study was to characterise the ultrastructure of perivascular spaces and their role in the transport of fluid, in the spinal cord of healthy rats, using transmission electron microscopy. The distribution of cerebrospinal fluid tracers injected into the subarachnoid space was studied using light, confocal and electron microscopy...
October 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017123/organic-contamination-and-remediation-in-the-agricultural-soils-of-china-a-critical-review
#10
REVIEW
Jianteng Sun, Lili Pan, Daniel C W Tsang, Yu Zhan, Lizhong Zhu, Xiangdong Li
Soil pollution is a global problem in both developed and developing countries. Countries with rapidly developing economies such as China are faced with significant soil pollution problems due to accelerated industrialization and urbanization over the last decades. This paper provides an overview of published scientific data on soil pollution across China with particular focus on organic contamination in agricultural soils. Based on the related peer-reviewed papers published since 2000 (n=203), we evaluated the priority organic contaminants across China, revealed their spatial and temporal distributions at the national scale, identified their possible sources and fates in soil, assessed their potential environmental risks, and presented the challenges in current remediation technologies regarding the combined organic pollution of agricultural soils...
October 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017012/reactive-transport-of-u-and-v-from-abandoned-uranium-mine-wastes
#11
Sumant M Avasarala, Peter C Lichtner, Abdul-Mehdi S Ali, Ricardo González-Pinzón, Johanna M Blake, Jose M Cerrato
The reactive transport of uranium (U) and vanadium (V) from abandoned mine wastes collected from the Blue Gap/Tachee Claim 28 mine site, AZ was investigated by integrating flow-through column experiments with reactive transport modelling, and electron microscopy. The mine wastes were sequentially reacted in flow-through columns at pH 7.9 (10 mM HCO3(-)) and pH 3.4 (10 mM CH3COOH) to evaluate the effect of environmentally relevant conditions encountered at Blue Gap/Tachee on the release of U and V. The reaction rate constants (km) for the dissolution of uranyl-vanadate (U-V) minerals predominant at Blue Gap/Tachee were obtained from simulations with the reactive transport software, PFLOTRAN...
October 10, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987001/impact-of-carbon-monoxide-partial-pressures-on-methanogenesis-and-medium-chain-fatty-acids-production-during-ethanol-fermentation
#12
Sofia Esquivel-Elizondo, Joseph Miceli, Cesar I Torres, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown
Medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA) are important biofuel precursors. Carbon monoxide (CO) is a sustainable electron and carbon donor for fatty acid elongation, since it is metabolized to MCFA precursors, it is toxic to most methanogens, and it is a waste product generated in the gasification of waste biomass. The main objective of this work was to determine if the inhibition of methanogenesis through the continuous addition of CO would lead to increased acetate or MCFA production during fermentation of ethanol...
October 7, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986736/dynamic-leaching-behavior-of-geogenic-as-in-soils-after-cement-based-stabilization-solidification
#13
Jiang-Shan Li, Lei Wang, Daniel C W Tsang, Jingzi Beiyuan, Chi Sun Poon
Cement-based stabilization/solidification (S/S) is a practical treatment approach for hazardous waste with anthropogenic As sources; however, its applicability for geogenic As-containing soil and the long-term leaching potential remain uncertain. In this study, semi-dynamic leaching test was performed to investigate the influence of S/S binders (cement blended with fuel ash (FA), furnace bottom ash (FBA), or ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS)) on the long-term leaching characteristics of geogenic As...
October 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983258/antimicrobial-intervention-by-photoirradiation-of-grape-pomace-extracts-via-hydroxyl-radical-generation
#14
REVIEW
Yoshimi Niwano, Mika Tada, Mana Tsukada
The annual production of grape worldwide amounts to almost 70 million tons, and around 80% is used for winemaking. The two major wastes from winemaking process, pomace and lees account for 20 and 7% of the grapes, respectively. They have been expected as a valuable resource to be recycled because they are rich in polyphenols. Polyphenols possess prooxidatve activity as well as antioxidative one just like a two sides of a coin. A typical example of the prooxidative activity is antibacterial activity of catechins...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982067/intramolecular-deactivation-processes-of-electronically-excited-lanthanide-iii-complexes-with-organic-acids-of-low-molecular-weight
#15
Katja Burek, Sascha Eidner, Stefanie Kuke, Michael U Kumke
The luminescence of Lanthanide(III) complexes with different model ligands was studied under direct as well as sensitized excitation conditions. The research was performed in the context of studies dealing with deep-underground storages for high-level nuclear waste. Here, Lanthanide(III) ions served as natural analogues for Actinide(III) ions and the low-molecular weight organic ligands are present in clay minerals and furthermore, they were employed as proxies for building blocks of humic substances, which are important complexing molecules in the natural environment, e...
September 18, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980132/qualitative-and-quantitative-metals-liberation-assessment-for-characterization-of-various-waste-printed-circuit-boards-for-recycling
#16
Anshu Priya, Subrata Hait
Metals liberation and composition are decisive attributes in characterization of e-waste for metal recycling. Though end-of-life printed circuit board (PCB) is an integral part of e-waste as secondary resource reservoir, yet no standardized procedure exists for metals liberation and dissolution for its characterization. Thus, the paper aims at assessment of metals liberation upon comminution employing scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) followed by comparative assessment of the existing United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) digestion procedures, viz...
October 4, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975472/sulfur-oxidation-by-achromobacter-xylosoxidans-strain-wsp05-reveals-ecological-widening-over-which-thiotrophs-are-distributed
#17
Kapilesh Jadhav, Indrani Jadhav
Achromobacter xylosoxidans is a versatile bacterium known for its ability to degrade aromatic compounds. However, its ability to oxidize sulfur compounds for electron and energy source is not reported much. In the present work, the Gram-negative bacterium Achromobacter xylosoxidans strain wsp05 isolated from a waste stabilization ponds (WSPs) system was studied for its ability to oxidize reduced sulfur compounds. The strain was able to oxidize thiosulfate and sodium sulfite. To observe the effect of physicochemical parameters on the rate of sulfur oxidation, strain wsp05 was grown in thiosulfate (20 mM) containing minimal salt medium at varied pH, temperature and ammonium and phosphate ions concentration...
October 3, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972905/microbial-fuel-cell-powered-by-lipid-extracted-algae-a-promising-system-for-algal-lipids-and-power-generation
#18
Amitap Khandelwal, Ankisha Vijay, Ambesh Dixit, Meenu Chhabra
In this study, a promising microbial fuel cell (MFC) system has been developed, wherein algae is cultivated in the cathode chamber, algae biomass is harvested and lipids are extracted. The lipid extracted algal (LEA) biomass was then used asan electron donor substrate. The performance of MFCs fed with LEA biomass was compared with that of fruit waste fed MFCs (FP-MFCs), wherein LEA-fed MFC was superior in all aspects. Power density of 2.7Wm(-3) was obtained by LEA-fed MFCs which is 145% and 260% higher than FP MFC and control MFC respectively...
September 20, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967530/use-of-laser-induced-breakdown-spectroscopy-for-the-determination-of-polycarbonate-pc-and-acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene-abs-concentrations-in-pc-abs-plastics-from-e-waste
#19
Vinicius Câmara Costa, Francisco Wendel Batista Aquino, Caio Marcio Paranhos, Edenir Rodrigues Pereira-Filho
Due to the continual increase in waste generated from electronic devices, the management of plastics, which represents between 10 and 30% by weight of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE or e-waste), becomes indispensable in terms of environmental and economic impacts. Considering the importance of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS), polycarbonate (PC), and their blends in the electronics and other industries, this study presents a new application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for the fast and direct determination of PC and ABS concentrations in blends of these plastics obtained from samples of e-waste...
September 26, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967051/additive-manufacturing-of-titanium-alloys-in-the-biomedical-field-processes-properties-and-applications
#20
Francesco Trevisan, Flaviana Calignano, Alberta Aversa, Giulio Marchese, Mariangela Lombardi, Sara Biamino, Daniele Ugues, Diego Manfredi
The mechanical properties and biocompatibility of titanium alloy medical devices and implants produced by additive manufacturing (AM) technologies - in particular, selective laser melting (SLM), electron beam melting (EBM) and laser metal deposition (LMD) - have been investigated by several researchers demonstrating how these innovative processes are able to fulfil medical requirements for clinical applications. This work reviews the advantages given by these technologies, which include the possibility to create porous complex structures to improve osseointegration and mechanical properties (best match with the modulus of elasticity of local bone), to lower processing costs, to produce custom-made implants according to the data for the patient acquired via computed tomography and to reduce waste...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
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