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Zetao Cheng, Yuqian Yan, Shuping Jing, Wen-Gang Li, Wei-Wei Chen, Jing Zhang, Min Li, Shan Zhao, Na Cao, Junxian Ou, Suhui Zhao, Xianbo Wu, Bin Cao, Qiwei Zhang
Human adenovirus type 55 (HAdV-B55) is a recently identified acute respiratory disease (ARD) pathogen in HAdV species B with a recombinant genome between renal HAdV-B11 and respiratory HAdV-B14. Since HAdV-B55 first appeared in China school in 2006, no more ARD cases associated with it had been reported until 2011, when there was an outbreak of adult severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Beijing, China. Reported here is the bioinformatics analysis of the re-emergent HAdV-B55 responsible for this outbreak...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Vicente M Cabrera, Patricia Marrero, Khaled K Abu-Amero, Jose M Larruga
BACKGROUND: The main unequivocal conclusion after three decades of phylogeographic mtDNA studies is the African origin of all extant modern humans. In addition, a southern coastal route has been argued for to explain the Eurasian colonization of these African pioneers. Based on the age of macrohaplogroup L3, from which all maternal Eurasian and the majority of African lineages originated, the out-of-Africa event has been dated around 60-70 kya. On the opposite side, we have proposed a northern route through Central Asia across the Levant for that expansion and, consistent with the fossil record, we have dated it around 125 kya...
June 19, 2018: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Qiangsheng ZHang, Jun Wang, Alexander M Kirillov, Wei Dou, Cong Xu, Cai-Ling Xu, Lizi Yang, Ran Fang, Wei-Sheng Liu
New series of five three-dimensional Ln(III) MOFs (metal-organic frameworks) formulated as [Ln4(µ6-L)2(µ-HCOO)(µ3-OH)3(µ3-O)(DMF)2(H2O)4]n {Ln3+ = Tb3+ (1), Eu3+ (2), Gd3+ (3), Dy3+ (4), and Er3+ (5)} was successfully obtained via a solvothermal reaction between the corresponding lanthanide(III) nitrates and phenylpyridine-tricarboxylic acid, 2-(5-carboxypyridin-3-yl)terephthalic acid (H3L). All the obtained compounds were fully characterized and their structures were established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction...
June 19, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Adalberta Lima Martins, Rhaisa Almeida Volpato, Maria da Penha Zago-Gomes
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) varies in different countries. This study aimed to assess phenotype, medications, prevalence and incidence of IBD in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. METHODS: Patients with IBD who utilized the Public Medication-Dispensing System of the Department of Health of Espírito Santo, between August 2012 and July 2014. Of 1484 active patients, 1048 were analyzed, which included patients of all ages. RESULTS: The prevalence of IBD was 38...
June 18, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
Tamara E Lacourt, Jan H Houtveen, Lorenz J P van Doornen
Introduction Experimental pain studies can provide unique insight into the dimensions of pain and into individual differences in pain responsiveness by controlling different aspects of pain-eliciting stimuli and pain measures. In experimental pain studies, pain responsiveness can be assessed as pain threshold, pain tolerance or pain ratings. The test-theoretical qualities of these different measures, however, have not yet been completely documented. In the current study, several of these qualities were investigated in a pain experiment applying different algometric techniques...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Huseyin Bozkurt, Emel Cicek Bozkurt, Hulya Ozpinar, Densel Arac, Ismail Kaya, Hidir Ozer, Reyhan Egilmez
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative epidural adhesion is one of the most frequent causes of failed-back surgery syndrome, presenting with back and leg pain or neurological deficits. Development of preventive measures for epidural adhesion after laminectomy remains critical to improve the outcomes of lumbar surgery. We hypothesized that positive effects of the topical application of Contractubex®Gel and benzothiazole individually and in combination can aid in the prevention of epidural fibrosis in a rat laminectomy model...
June 15, 2018: World Neurosurgery
D P Jacobsen, A Moen, F Haugen, J Gjerstad
Aims Lumbar radicular pain following intervertebral disc herniation may be caused by a local inflammatory response induced by nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. Here in an animal model mimicking the clinical situation following disc herniation we investigated the effect of NP on the spinal nociceptive signaling and local gene expression. Methods In anaesthetized Lewis rats, extracellular single unit recordings of spinal nociceptive activity and qPCR were used to explore the effect of NP application onto the dorsal nerve roots (L3-L5)...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Carlos Moctezuma-Velázquez, Gavin Low, Marina Mourtzakis, Mang Ma, Kelly W Burak, Puneeta Tandon, Aldo J Montano-Loza
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Sarcopenia is an independent predictor of mortality in cirrhosis. Hypogonadism is common in cirrhosis and has been associated with sarcopenia in non-cirrhotic chronic liver disease populations. The aim of this study is to investigate if sarcopenia is associated with low testosterone levels in patients with cirrhosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 211 cirrhotic patients undergoing evaluation for liver transplantation...
July 2018: Annals of Hepatology
Tristan Maerz, Michael Newton, Abigail A Marek, Michael Planalp, Kevin Baker
BACKGROUND/CONTEXT: Degenerative disc disease (DDD) is associated with longitudinal remodeling of paravertebral tissues. While chronic vertebral changes in advanced stages of DDD are well-studied, very little data exists on acute vertebral bone remodeling at the onset and progression of DDD. PURPOSE: To longitudinally characterize bony remodeling in a rodent model of disc injury-induced DDD. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: In vivo animal study involving a rat annulus fibrosus injury model of DDD...
June 7, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Rui A Gonçalves, B Lindman, M G Miguel, T Iwata, Yeng Ming Lam
HYPOTHESIS: Some low molecular weight additives can strongly influence the phase behavior of aqueous surfactant systems, and this offers an important handle to control the properties of surfactant solutions and thus to optimize the stability and performance of various formulations. EXPERIMENTS: The surfactant dioctadecyldimethylammonium chloride (DODAC) self-assembles into two lamellar phases in water, the gel phase (Lβ ) and the liquid crystalline phase (Lα )...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Yong Huang, Xin Kou, Yu-Lai Duan, Fei-Fei Ding, Yi-Fan Yin, Wei Wang, Ying Yang
A series of magnesium and zinc complexes, [(L1-3)2M2(μ-OBn)2] (M = Mg (1-3), Zn (4-6)), have been synthesized by the reaction of NNO-tridentate ketiminate ligands (L1-3-H) and a stoichiometric amount of MgnBu2 (or ZnEt2) and BnOH. In addition, the reaction of these ketiminate ligands (L1-4-H) with a half equivalent of MgnBu2 (or ZnEt2) in toluene provides [M(L1-4)2] (M = Mg (7-10), Zn (11-14)) in good yields. All of these complexes have been fully characterized by NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis, and the molecular structures of [(L1)2Mg2(μ-OBn)2] (1), [(L3)2Mg2(μ-OBn)2] (3), [(L1)2Zn2(μ-OBn)2] (4), [Mg(L1)2] (7), [Zn(L1)2] (11) and [Zn(L4)2] (14) have been further confirmed by X-ray crystallographic studies...
June 7, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Hyunsoo Kim, Areum Sohn, Injoon Yeo, Su Jong Yu, Jung-Hwan Yoon, Youngsoo Kim
BACKGROUND: Lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive fraction of α-fetoprotein (AFP-L3) is a serum biomarker for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). AFP-L3 is typically measured by liquid-phase binding assay (LiBA). However, LiBA does not always reflect AFP-L3 concentrations because of its low analytical sensitivity. Thus, we aimed to develop an analytically sensitive multiple reaction monitoring-mass spectrometry (MRM-MS) assay to quantify AFP-L3 in serum. METHODS: The assay entailed the addition of a stable isotope-labeled internal standard protein analog, the enrichment of AFP using a monoclonal antibody, the fractionation of AFP-L3 using L...
June 6, 2018: Clinical Chemistry
Maarten A van Egmond, Marike van der Schaaf, Eliza R C Hagens, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Elizabeth B Haverkort, Raoul H H Engelbert, Suzanne S Gisbertz
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Decreased muscle mass and muscle strength are independent predictors of poor postoperative recovery in patients with esophageal cancer. If there is an association between muscle mass and muscle strength, physiotherapists are able to measure muscle strength as an early predictor for poor postoperative recovery due to decreased muscle mass. Therefore, in this cross-sectional study, we aimed to investigate the association between muscle mass and muscle strength in predominantly older patients with esophageal cancer awaiting esophagectomy prior to neoadjuvant chemoradiation...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Paul Thiry, François Reumont, Jean-Michel Brismée, Frédéric Dierick
Pain perception, trunk mobility and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) within all lumbar intervertebral discs (IVDs) were collected before and shortly after posterior-to-anterior (PA) mobilizations in 16 adults with acute low back pain. Using a pragmatic approach, a trained orthopaedic manual physical therapist applied PA mobilizations to the participants' spine, in accordance with his examination findings. ADC all was computed from diffusion maps as the mean of anterior (ADC ant ), middle (ADC mid ), and posterior (ADC post ) portions of the IVD...
May 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Lan Zhao, Hongya Zhao, Hong Yan
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer related death in the world with a five-year survival rate of less than 5%. Not all PDAC are the same, because there exist intra-tumoral heterogeneity between PDAC, which poses a great challenge to personalized treatments for PDAC. METHODS: To dissect the molecular heterogeneity of PDAC, we performed a retrospective meta-analysis on whole transcriptome data from more than 1200 PDAC patients...
May 29, 2018: BMC Cancer
Miguel Pishnamaz, Ulrike Schemmann, Christian Herren, Klemens Horst, Frank Hildebrand, Philipp Kobbe, Hans-Christoph Pape
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Posterior stabilization of the spine is associated with iatrogenic muscle damage. This is discussed to represent an important cause of postoperative pain, especially in open reduction and fixation. The aim of this study was to visualize muscular changes after open or percutaneous posterior stabilization of traumatic thoracolumbar spine fractures and to investigate whether or not these changes are related to the clinical outcome. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was performed between 05/2012 and 10/2014...
May 24, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
Guangxu Ma, Tao Wang, Pasi K Korhonen, Ching-Seng Ang, Nicholas A Williamson, Neil D Young, Andreas J Stroehlein, Ross S Hall, Anson V Koehler, Andreas Hofmann, Robin B Gasser
In this study, we explored the molecular alterations in the developmental switch from the L3 to the exsheathed L3 (×L3) and to the L4 stage of Haemonchus contortus in vitro using an integrated transcriptomic, proteomic and bioinformatic approach. Totals of 9,754 mRNAs, 88 microRNAs (miRNAs) and 1,591 proteins were identified, and 6,686 miRNA-mRNA pairs inferred in all larval stages studied. Approximately 16% of transcripts in the combined transcriptome (representing all three larval stages) were expressed as proteins, and there were positive correlations (r = 0...
May 22, 2018: International Journal for Parasitology
Jason D Doles, Kelly A Hogan, Jennifer O'Connor, Andrea E Wahner Hendrickson, Olivia Huston, Aminah Jatoi
BACKGROUND: More than 80% of patients with advanced cancer develop weight loss. Because preclinical data suggest poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors can treat this weight loss, this study was undertaken to explore the PARP inhibitor veliparib for this indication. OBJECTIVE: The current study was undertaken to analyze prospectively gathered data on weight in cancer patients on PARP inhibitors. DESIGN/SETTING: The current study relied on a previously published, prospectively conducted phase 1 single institution trial that combined veliparib and topotecan (NCT01012817) as antineoplastic therapy for advanced cancer patients...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Jaap Swanenburg, Michael L Meier, Anke Langenfeld, Petra Schweinhardt, B Kim Humphreys
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyze posterior-to-anterior spinal stiffness in Earth, hyper-, and microgravity conditions during both prone and upright postures. CASE REPORT: During parabolic flight, the spinal stiffness of the L3 vertebra of a healthy 37-yr-old man was measured in normal Earth gravity (1.0 g), hypergravity (1.8 g), and microgravity (0.0 g) conditions induced in the prone and upright positions. Differences in spinal stiffness were significant across all three gravity conditions in the prone and upright positions...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Jingyu Jia, Qiangqiang Wei, Tianlong Wu, Dingwen He, Xigao Cheng
BACKGROUND: Since disc sequestration that mimics a tumor is rare and sometimes presents with an atypical appearance upon magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), it is often confused with other more common epidural and intradural neoplasms, particularly neurinoma. Open surgery is necessary due to the difficult of achieving a definitive diagnosis using computed tomography, MRI, and gadolinium- enhanced MRI prior to operation. Herein, we describe the use of coronal MR images of 3D fast-field echo with water selective excitation in the diagnosis of disc sequestration mimicking a tumor...
May 22, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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