keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

all l3

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458065/nosocomial-ventriculitis-caused-by-a-meticillin-and-linezolid-resistant-clone-of-staphylococcus-epidermidis-in-neurosurgical-patients
#1
Carlos Rodríguez-Lucas, Javier Fernández, José Antonio Boga, Lucia López-Amor, Lorena Forcelledo, Eva Lázaro-López, M Rosario Rodicio
BACKGROUND: Post-neurosurgical ventriculitis is mainly caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci. The rate of linezolid resistant S. epidermidis (LRSE) is increasing worldwide. AIMS: To report clinical and microbiological data from a series of ventriculitis cases caused by LRSE in a Spanish hospital between 2013 and 2016. METHODS: LRSE ventriculitis cases were retrospectively reviewed in a Spanish hospital during a four-year period. Clinical/epidemiological data of the infected patients were reviewed, the isolates involved were typed by PFGE and MLST, and the molecular basis of linezolid resistance was determined...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441415/novel-approach-to-study-gastropod-mediated-innate-immune-reactions-against-metastrongyloid-parasites
#2
Felipe Penagos-Tabares, Malin K Lange, Anika Seipp, Ulrich Gärtner, Helena Mejer, Anja Taubert, Carlos Hermosilla
The anthropozoonotic metastrongyloid nematodes Angiostrongylus cantonensis and Angiostrongylus costaricensis, as well as Angiostrongylus vasorum, Crenosoma vulpis, Aelurostrongylus abstrusus and Troglostrongylus brevior are currently considered as emerging gastropod-borne parasites and have gained growing scientific attention in the last years. However, the knowledge on invertebrate immune responses and on how metastrongyloid larvae are attacked by gastropod immune cells is still limited. This work aims to describe an in vitro system to investigate haemocyte-derived innate immune responses of terrestrial gastropods induced by vital axenic metastrongyloid larvae...
February 13, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433530/correlation-between-lumbar-intervertebral-disc-height-and-lumbar-spine-sagittal-alignment-among-asymptomatic-asian-young-adults
#3
Feng Zhang, Kai Zhang, Hai-Jun Tian, Ai-Min Wu, Xiao-Fei Cheng, Tang-Jun Zhou, Jie Zhao
BACKGROUND: To investigate the distribution and characteristics of the lumbar intervertebral disc height (IDH) in asymptomatic Asian population and to determine whether the lumbar IDH is related to the lumbar spine sagittal alignment. METHODS: A cohort of 169 cases of asymptomatic volunteers was enrolled from January 2014 to July 2016. All participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine and panoramic radiography of the spine. Panoramic radiographs of the spine were taken to evaluate pelvic incidence (PI), sacral slope (SS), and pelvic tilt (PT) using Surgimap® software...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430715/characterization-and-comparison-of-rat-monosodium-iodoacetate-and-medial-meniscal-tear-models-of-osteoarthritic-pain
#4
Jill-Desiree Brederson, Katharine L Chu, Jun Xu, Arthur L Nikkel, Stella Markosyan, Michael F Jarvis, Rebecca Edelmayer, Robert S Bitner, Steve McGaraughty
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative form of arthritis that can result in loss of joint function and chronic pain. The pathological pain state that develops with OA disease involves plastic changes in the peripheral and central nervous systems, however, the cellular mechanisms underlying OA are not fully understood. We characterized the medial meniscal tear (MMT) surgical model and the intra-articular injection of monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) chemical model of OA in rats. Both models produced histological changes in the knee joint and associated bones consistent with OA pathology...
February 11, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428209/the-structurally-similar-trfh-domain-of-trf1-and-trf2-dimers-shows-distinct-behaviour-towards-tin2
#5
Umesh Kalathiya, Monikaben Padariya, Maciej Baginski
The telomere repeat binding-factor 1 and 2 (TRF1 and TRF2) proteins of the shelterin complex bind to duplex telomeric DNA as homodimers, and the homodimerization is mediated by their TRFH (TRF-homology) domains. We performed molecular dynamic (MD) simulations of the dimer forms of TRF1TRFH and TRF2TRFH in the presence/absence of the TIN2TBM (TIN2, TRF-interacting nuclear protein 2, TBM, TRF-binding motif) peptide. The MD results suggest that TIN2TBM is necessary to ensure the stability of TRF1TRFH homodimer but not the TRF2TRFH homodimer...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424083/multicenter-reproducibility-study-of-diffusion-mri-and-fiber-tractography-of-the-lumbosacral-nerves
#6
Wieke Haakma, Jeroen Hendrikse, Lars Uhrenholt, Alexander Leemans, Lene Warner Thorup Boel, Michael Pedersen, Martijn Froeling
BACKGROUND: Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been applied in the lumbar and sacral nerves in vivo, but information about the reproducibility of this method is needed before DTI can be used reliably in clinical practice across centers. PURPOSE: In this multicenter study the reproducibility of DTI of the lumbosacral nerves in healthy volunteers was investigated. STUDY TYPE: Prospective control series. SUBJECTS: Twenty healthy subjects...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422329/radiographic-cobb-angle-a-feature-of-congenital-lumbar-spine-stenosis
#7
Falgun H Chokshi, Nadja Kadom, Nishant Dwivedi, Suprateek Kundu, Ahmed Y Moussa, Chadi Tannoury, Tony Tannoury
PURPOSE: A low cost, reproducible radiographic method of diagnosing congenital lumbar spinal stenosis (CLSS) is lacking. We hypothesized that the Cobb angle for lumbar lordosis would be smaller in patients with CLSS, based on observations in our spine clinic patient population. Here, we compared lumbar lordosis Cobb angles with the radiographic ratio method in patients with normal spine imaging, degenerative spinal stenosis, and with CLSS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Orthopedic surgeons categorized patients with low back pain as "Normal," "Degenerative spinal stenosis," and "CLSS" based on clinical presentation and findings on lumbar magnetic resonance imaging...
January 11, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420571/the-bacterial-community-associated-with-the-sheep-gastrointestinal-nematode-parasite-haemonchus-contortus
#8
Gajenathirin Sinnathamby, Gemma Henderson, Saleh Umair, Peter Janssen, Ross Bland, Heather Simpson
Culture-independent methods were used to study the microbiota of adult worms, third-stage larvae and eggs, both in faeces and laid in vitro, of Haemonchus contortus, a nematode parasite of the abomasa of ruminants which is a major cause of production losses and ill-health. Bacteria were identified in eggs, the female reproductive tract and the gut of adult and third-stage larvae (L3). PCR amplification of 16S rRNA sequences, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and clone libraries were used to compare the composition of the microbial communities of the different life-cycle stages of the parasites, as well as parasites and their natural environments...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417782/-posterior-debridement-interbody-fusion-internal-fixation-for-treatment-of-lumbar-discitis
#9
Lin Chen, Jun Cheng, Bo Li, Fang-Biao Zhan, You Zhang, Shi-Long Feng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effects of posterior debridement, interbody fusion with internal fixation in the treatment of lumbar discitis. METHODS: The clinical data of 13 patients with lumbar discitis treated from January 2005 to June 2012 was retrospectively analyzed. There were 9 males and 4 females, aged from 31 to 68 years old with an average of 56 years old. There were 2 cases on L3, 4, 4 cases on L4, 5, and 7 cases on L5S1. Two cases complicated with diabetes, 4 cases with hypertension, and 1 case with obsolete pulmonary tuberculosis...
May 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417772/-case-control-study-on-two-different-surgical-approaches-combined-fixation-with-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-the-treatment-of-single-segmental-lumbar-vertebra-diseases
#10
Zhong-You Zeng, Wei-Feng Yan, Yong-Xing Song, Ke-Ya Mao, Jian-Fei Ji, Jian-Qiao Zhang, Peng Wu, Fei Pei, Guo-Hao Song, Jian-Fu Han, Wei Yu
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the advantages and disadvantages of two different surgical approaches combined fixation with lumbar interbody fusion in treating single segmental lumbar vertebra diseases. METHODS: The clinical data of 86 patients with single segmental lumbar vertebra diseases treated from June 2011 to June 2013 was retrospectively analyzed. There were 33 males and 53 females, aged from 28 to 76 years old with an average of 53.0 years. Among them, there were 39 cases of lumbar disc degeneration, 22 cases of lumbar disc herniation complicated with spinal canal stenosis, 9 cases of huge lumbar disc herniation and 16 cases of lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (Meyerding degree I )...
May 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417554/toxicity-and-growth-inhibition-potential-of-vetiver-cinnamon-and-lavender-essential-oils-and-their-blends-against-larvae-of-the-sheep-blowfly-lucilia-sericata
#11
Hanem F Khater, Ali M Ali, Galal A Abouelella, Marawan A Marawan, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Kadarkarai Murugan, Rao Z Abbas, Nelissa P Vaz, Giovanni Benelli
BACKGROUND: Myiasis induced by the sheep blowfly, Lucilia sericata, represents a public health problem widely distributed throughout the world. L. sericata larval stages feed on both humans and animals. L. sericata adults and larvae can play a role in spreading agents of mycobacterial infections. OBJECTIVES: It is critical to establish new and safe alternative methods of controlling L. sericata. METHODS: The insecticidal effectiveness and growth inhibition potential of three commercially available essential oils (EOs), vetiver (Chrysopogon zizanioides), cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), and lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), as well as their blends, were tested against the second (L2) and third (L3) larval stages of L...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417027/back-pain-an-unusual-manifestation-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#12
Magatha Sneha Latha, Ram Prakash Thirugnanasambandam, Padmasani Venkatraman, Julius Xavier Scott
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) presented with bone pain and leukopenia is a well-recognized complex. Bone and joint pain are seen as presenting symptoms in 25% of patients with acute leukemia, but generalized osteopenia and vertebral complications are less common. Back pain due to vertebral changes as an early feature has been infrequently reported. We report a case of a 9-year-old female child who presented with back pain for 3 weeks. Blood counts and peripheral smear were normal. X-ray of the spine showed wedge-shaped deformity in L3-L5 vertebrae...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416023/a-supramolecular-lanthanide-separation-approach-based-on-multivalent-cooperative-enhancement-of-metal-ion-selectivity
#13
Xiao-Zhen Li, Li-Peng Zhou, Liang-Liang Yan, Ya-Min Dong, Zhuan-Ling Bai, Xiao-Qi Sun, Juan Diwu, Shuao Wang, Jean-Claude Bünzli, Qing-Fu Sun
Multivalent cooperativity plays an important role in the supramolecular self-assembly process. Herein, we report a remarkable cooperative enhancement of both structural integrity and metal ion selectivity on metal-organic M4L4 tetrahedral cages self-assembled from a tris-tridentate ligand (L1) with a variety of metal ions spanning across the periodic table, including alkaline earth (CaII), transition (CdII), and all the lanthanide (LnIII) metal ions. All these M4L14 cages are stable to excess metal ions and ligands, which is in sharp contrast with the tridentate (L2) ligand and bis-tridentate (L3) ligand bearing the same coordination motif as L1...
February 7, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415919/quantitative-computed-tomographic-evaluation-of-bone-mineral-density-in-beagle-dogs-comparison-with-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-as-a-gold-standard
#14
Danbee Kwon, Jaehwan Kim, Hyeeun Lee, Byeol Kim, HyunHee Han, HyunJu Oh, MinJung Kim, Hakyoung Yoon, ByeongChun Lee, Kidong Eom
This study aimed to demonstrate the higher accuracy and reproducibility of quantitative computed tomography (QCT) compared with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as a gold standard for measuring canine bone mineral density (BMD). Seven middle-aged beagle dogs underwent lumbar vertebral and bilateral femoral DXA and QCT scans. BMD (mg/cm2) was measured at the vertebral body from L2 to L6, femoral neck, and proximal and distal femoral diaphyses. The BMD values were measured 3 times and compared. The BMD value on QCT was higher than that on DXA for femoral BMD but not for vertebral BMD...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414120/evaluation-of-the-anthelminthic-potential-of-duranta-erecta-l-verbenaceae-fruits-used-in-nigerian-ethnomedicine-as-a-vermifuge
#15
Munachimso Ihuoma Udobi, Terry Adaeze Nzeakor, Ifeanyi Gabriel Eke, Ikenna Onyema Ezeh, Amaechi Onyeabor, Idika Kalu Idika, Chukwunyere Okwudiri Nwosu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Duranta erecta L. fruits have been reported to have in vitro anthelminthic properties. People living in the tropical South-Eastern part of Nigeria use the plant in folk medicine for the treatment of malaria, abscesses and as a vermifuge. Although there are a few reports about its in vitro anthelminthic activity against different worm categories, scientific reports regarding its in vivo anthelminthic activity are limited. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was designed with the aim of determining the potential of the plant as an anthelminthic and to verify the claims made by its local users...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413360/a-sixteen-week-three-armed-randomized-controlled-trial-investigating-clinical-and-biochemical-effects-of-targeted-alterations-in-dietary-linoleic-acid-and-n-3-epa-dha-in-adults-with-episodic-migraine-study-protocol
#16
John Douglas Mann, Keturah R Faurot, Beth MacIntosh, Olafur S Palsson, Chirayath M Suchindran, Susan Ann Gaylord, Chanee Lynch, Angela Johnston, Kristen Maiden, David A Barrow, Joseph R Hibbeln, Christopher E Ramsden
Migraine is a prevalent neurological disorder, affecting over 16% of adult women and 7% of adult men in the U.S., causing significant pain, disability, and medical expense, with incomplete benefits from conventional medical management. Migraine, as a chronic pain syndrome, provides a practical model for investigating the impact of dietary modifications in omega-3 (n-3) and omega-6 (n-6) fatty acids. This paper reports the protocol of a trial to assess whether targeted dietary modifications designed to increase n-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), with or without concurrent reduction in n-6 linoleic acid (LA), will alter nociceptive lipid mediators and mediate decreases in frequency and severity of migraine...
January 2018: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407970/high-anticancer-potency-on-tumor-cells-of-dehydroabietylamine-schiff-base-derivatives-and-a-copper-ii-complex
#17
Fengyi Zhao, Weifan Wang, Wen Lu, Li Xu, Shilong Yang, Xu-Min Cai, Mengyi Zhou, Meng Lei, Mengtao Ma, Hai-Jun Xu, Fuliang Cao
Five bioactive dehydroabietylamine Schiff-base derivatives (L1-L5) had been synthesized from Dehydroabietylamine (L0), and the complex Cu(L1)2 had been obtained from the compound L1 and copper(II) acetate. Their activities against Hela (cervix), MCF-7 (breast), A549 (lung), HepG2 (liver) and HUVEC (umbilical vein, normal cell) in vitro were investigated. The toxicity of L1-L5 and Cu(L1)2 was all lower than L0. For MCF-7 cell, L1, L3, L4, L5 and Cu(L1)2 had higher antitumor activity than L0. The smallest IC50 value was 2...
January 30, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395230/effects-of-intervertebral-disc-lesion-and-multifidus-muscle-resection-on-the-structure-of-the-lumbar-intervertebral-discs-and-paraspinal-musculature-of-the-rat
#18
Huub Maas, Wendy Noort, Paul W Hodges, Jaap van Dieën
The aim of this study was to investigate whether elimination of multifidus muscle in rats causes intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration similar to that found after IVD lesion. Data were obtained from 36 male Wistar rats randomly assigned to one of three groups: (i) IVD lesion, in which the L4/L5 IVD was stabbed; (ii) multifidus muscle resection, in which all multifidus tissue between L3 and L6 was excised bilaterally; (iii) control, in which no intervention was applied. At 7, 14, and 28 days post-intervention, L4/L5 IVDs were harvested for histological analysis; left and right multifidus fascicles between L3 and S1 (from control and IVD lesion animals) and medial longissimus between L1 and S3 (from all animals) were dissected and weighed...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369203/bilateral-decompression-and-intervertebral-fusion-via-unilateral-fenestration-for-complex-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-with-a-mobile-microendoscopic-technique
#19
Baoshan Xu, Haiwei Xu, Xinlong Ma, Yue Liu, Qiang Yang, Hongfeng Jiang, Ning Li, Ning Ji
For complex lumbar spinal stenosis, using of endoscopy technique may provide clear vision with less invasive dissection of paravertebral muscle. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and clinical efficacy of bilateral decompression and intervertebral fusion via unilateral fenestration for complex lumbar spinal stenosis using mobile microendoscopic discectomy (MMED) technique.A total of 61 patients with complex lumbar spinal stenosis (lumbar canal stenosis combined with degenerative spondylolisthesis, instability, and scoliosis) were treated with this procedure...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367006/molecular-characterization-and-functional-activity-of-cxcl8_l3-in-large-yellow-croaker-larimichthys-crocea
#20
Shimin Zhou, Yinnan Mu, Jingqun Ao, Xinhua Chen
CXCL8, also called interleukin-8, is a typical CXC chemokine that plays a key role in promoting inflammation. Phylogenetically, fish CXCL8 chemokines can be divided into three subgroups, CXCL8_L1, CXCL8_L2, and CXCL8_L3, of which CXCL8_L3 is a new subgroup. The CXCL8_L3 gene sequences have been reported in many fish species, but their function remains unknown. Here, a CXCL8_L3 (LycCXCL8_L3) gene was cloned from large yellow croaker Larimichthys crocea. Its open reading frame (ORF) was 309 nucleotides long, encoding a peptide of 102 amino acids...
January 20, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
keyword
keyword
75587
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"