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Neurocognitive functioning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088652/convergence-of-interoception-emotion-and-social-cognition-a-twofold-fmri-meta-analysis-and-lesion-approach
#1
Federico Adolfi, Blas Couto, Fabian Richter, Jean Decety, Jessica Lopez, Mariano Sigman, Facundo Manes, Agustín Ibáñez
Guided by indirect evidence, recent approaches propose a tripartite crosstalk among interoceptive signaling, emotional regulation, and low-level social cognition. Here we examined the neurocognitive convergence of such domains. First, we performed three meta-analyses of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies to identify which areas are consistently coactivated by these three systems. Multi-level Kernel Density Analysis (MKDA) revealed major overlaps in the right anterior insular and frontotemporal regions (viz...
December 29, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088647/the-developmental-relationship-between-specific-cognitive-domains-and-grey-matter-in-the-cerebellum
#2
Dorothea M Moore, Anila M D'Mello, Lauren M McGrath, Catherine J Stoodley
There is growing evidence that the cerebellum is involved in cognition and cognitive development, yet little is known about the developmental relationship between cerebellar structure and cognitive subdomains in children. We used voxel-based morphometry to assess the relationship between cerebellar grey matter (GM) and language, reading, working memory, executive function, and processing speed in 110 individuals aged 8-17 years from the Pediatric Imaging, Neurocognition, and Genetics (PING) Study. Further, we examined the effect of age on the relationships between cerebellar GM and cognition...
December 21, 2016: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087721/joubert-syndrome-neuroimaging-findings-in-110-patients-in-correlation-with-cognitive-function-and-genetic-cause
#3
Andrea Poretti, Joseph Snow, Angela C Summers, Aylin Tekes, Thierry A G M Huisman, Nafi Aygun, Kathryn A Carson, Dan Doherty, Melissa A Parisi, Camilo Toro, Deniz Yildirimli, Meghana Vemulapalli, Jim C Mullikin, Andrew R Cullinane, Thierry Vilboux, William A Gahl, Meral Gunay-Aygun
BACKGROUND: Joubert syndrome is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous ciliopathy. Neuroimaging findings have not been systematically evaluated in a large cohort of patients with Joubert syndrome in correlation with molecular genetic cause and cognitive function. METHODS: Brain MRI of 110 patients with Joubert syndrome was included in this study. A comprehensive evaluation of brain MRI studies for infratentorial and supratentorial morphological abnormalities was performed...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079875/early-postnatal-illness-severity-scores-predict-neurodevelopmental-impairments-at-10-years-of-age-in-children-born-extremely-preterm
#4
J W Logan, O Dammann, E N Allred, C Dammann, K Beam, R M Joseph, T M O'Shea, A Leviton, K C K Kuban
OBJECTIVE: A neonatal illness severity score, The Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology-II (SNAP-II), predicts neurodevelopmental impairments at two years of age among children born extremely preterm. We sought to evaluate to what extent SNAP-II is predictive of cognitive and other neurodevelopmental impairments at 10 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: In a cohort of 874 children born before 28 weeks of gestation, we prospectively collected clinical, physiologic and laboratory data to calculate SNAP-II for each infant...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079859/executive-functions-in-sarcoidosis-a-neurocognitive-assessment-study
#5
Özgür Bilgin Topçuoğlu, M Kavas, Hande Alibaş, Gülgün Çetintaş Afşar, Sibel Arınç, İpek Midi, Neşe Tuncer Elmacı
Not available.
December 23, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079600/acute-administration-of-cyclosporine-a-does-not-impair-attention-or-memory-performance-in-healthy-men
#6
Anna L Kahl, Julia Kirchhof, Anna Füting, Bernd-Otto Hütter, Benjamin Wilde, Oliver Witzke, Sven Benson, Martin Hadamitzky, Manfred Schedlowski
There is clinical and experimental evidence that treatment with immunosuppressive and antiproliferative drugs such as the calcineurin inhibitor cyclosporine A (CsA) is associated with mental health problems and neuropsychological disturbances in patients. However, it remains unclear whether and to what extent cognitive functions such as memory and attention processes are affected by the pharmacological treatment. This is partly because of the fact that it is difficult to refer the observed neuropsychological disturbances in patients to the drug itself, to drug-induced immune suppression, or to interaction with other medication or comorbidities...
January 11, 2017: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076946/validation-of-the-sinhala-version-of-the-repeatable-battery-for-assessment-of-neuropsychological-status-rbans
#7
Chathurie Suraweera, D Anandakumar, D Dahanayake, M Subendran, U T Perera, Raveen Hanwella, Varuni de Silva
Introduction: Only the Mini mental state examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment scale have been validated in a Sri Lankan population for the assessment of cognitive functions. Both tests are deficient in the number of domains assessed. Therefore validation of Repeatable Battery for Assessment of Neuropsychological Status is important as it assesses most of the cognitive domains. Objectives: To culturally adapt RBANS and investigate the validity and reliability of culturally adapted RBANS (RBANS-S)...
30, 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072415/functional-neuroimaging-effects-of-recently-discovered-genetic-risk-loci-for-schizophrenia-and-polygenic-risk-profile-in-five-rdoc-subdomains
#8
S Erk, S Mohnke, S Ripke, T A Lett, I M Veer, C Wackerhagen, O Grimm, N Romanczuk-Seiferth, F Degenhardt, H Tost, M Mattheisen, T W Mühleisen, K Charlet, N Skarabis, F Kiefer, S Cichon, S H Witt, M M Nöthen, M Rietschel, A Heinz, A Meyer-Lindenberg, H Walter
Recently, 125 loci with genome-wide support for association with schizophrenia were identified. We investigated the impact of these variants and their accumulated genetic risk on brain activation in five neurocognitive domains of the Research Domain Criteria (working memory, reward processing, episodic memory, social cognition and emotion processing). In 578 healthy subjects we tested for association (i) of a polygenic risk profile score (RPS) including all single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) reaching genome-wide significance in the recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) meta-analysis and (ii) of all independent genome-wide significant loci separately that showed sufficient distribution of all allelic groups in our sample (105 SNPs)...
January 10, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071936/concussion-baseline-testing-preexisting-factors-symptoms-and-neurocognitive-performance
#9
Eric Hall, Jordan Cottle, Caroline Ketcham, Kirtida Patel, Kenneth P Barnes
CONTEXT:  Neurocognitive test scores are often considered an important aspect of concussion management. To best use these data, clinicians must understand potential factors that may influence baseline performance on these tests. OBJECTIVE:  To determine preexisting factors that may influence performance on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT). DESIGN:  Cross-sectional study. SETTING:  Research laboratory...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068937/the-efficacy-and-roles-of-combining-temozolomide-with-whole-brain-radiotherapy-in-protection-neurocognitive-function-and-improvement-quality-of-life-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-with-brain-metastases
#10
Xia Deng, Zhen Zheng, Baochai Lin, Huafang Su, Hanbin Chen, Shaoran Fei, Zhenghua Fei, Lihao Zhao, Xiance Jin, Cong-Ying Xie
BACKGROUND: Brain metastasis (BM) is a poor prognostic factor for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The efficacy and roles of combining temozolomide (TMZ) with whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) in protection neurocognitive function (NCF) and improvement quality of life (QOL) were investigated and compared with WBRT alone in the treatment of NSCLC patients with BM. METHODS: A total of 238 NSCLC patients with BM were reviewed and categorized into WBRT plus TMZ (RCT) arm and WBRT alone (RT), respectively...
January 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066709/alterations-of-white-matter-structural-networks-in-patients-with-non-neuropsychiatric-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-identified-by-probabilistic-tractography-and-connectivity-based-analyses
#11
Man Xu, Xiangliang Tan, Xinyuan Zhang, Yihao Guo, Yingjie Mei, Qianjin Feng, Yikai Xu, Yanqiu Feng
PURPOSE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory female-predominant autoimmune disease that can affect the central nervous system and exhibit neuropsychiatric symptoms. In SLE patients without neuropsychiatric symptoms (non-NPSLE), recent diffusion tensor imaging studies showed white matter abnormalities in their brains. The present study investigated the entire brain white matter structural connectivity in non-NPSLE patients by using probabilistic tractography and connectivity-based analyses...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065496/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-daily-functioning-among-older-adults-with-hiv
#12
Raeanne C Moore, Christopher N Kaufmann, Alexandra S Rooney, David J Moore, Lisa T Eyler, Eric Granholm, Steven Paul Woods, Joel Swendsen, Robert K Heaton, J C Scott, Colin A Depp
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and initial validity of using smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to assess daily functioning and other behavioral factors among older HIV+ adults. METHODS: Twenty older HIV+ adults (mean age: 59 years) completed laboratory-based neurobehavioral and functional assessments then completed EMA surveys via smartphones five times per day for one week. RESULTS: Excellent EMA adherence (86...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065182/increased-fronto-striatal-reward-prediction-errors-moderate-decision-making-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#13
T U Hauser, R Iannaccone, R J Dolan, J Ball, J Hättenschwiler, R Drechsler, M Rufer, D Brandeis, S Walitza, S Brem
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been linked to functional abnormalities in fronto-striatal networks as well as impairments in decision making and learning. Little is known about the neurocognitive mechanisms causing these decision-making and learning deficits in OCD, and how they relate to dysfunction in fronto-striatal networks. METHOD: We investigated neural mechanisms of decision making in OCD patients, including early and late onset of disorder, in terms of reward prediction errors (RPEs) using functional magnetic resonance imaging...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063694/post-wbrt-cognitive-impairment-and-hippocampal-neuronal-depletion-measured-by-in-vivo-metabolic-mr-spectroscopy-results-of-prospective-investigational-study
#14
Petr Pospisil, Tomas Kazda, Ludmila Hynkova, Martin Bulik, Marie Dobiaskova, Petr Burkon, Nadia N Laack, Pavel Slampa, Radim Jancalek
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective study is to evaluate post-whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) changes in hippocampal concentration of N-acetylaspartate (h-tNAA) as a marker of neuronal loss and to correlate those changes to neurocognitive function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients with brain metastases underwent baseline single slice multi-voxel MR spectroscopy (MRS) examination for measurement of hippocampal h-tNAA together with baseline battery of neurocognitive tests focused on memory (Auditory Verbal Learning Test and Brief Visuospatial Memory Test - Revised) as well as quality of life questionnaires (EORTC QLQ-C30 a EORTC QLQ-BN20)...
January 4, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063385/the-effect-of-premorbid-intelligence-on-neurocognitive-and-psychosocial-functioning-in-bipolar-disorder
#15
Diego J Martino, Marina P Valerio, Alejandro G Szmulewicz, Sergio A Strejilevich
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess if premorbid IQ moderates the association between measures of clinical severity and neurocognitive or psychosocial functioning in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder. METHODS: One hundred and nineteen outpatients and forty healthy controls were included. The length of illness, number of previous hypo/manic and depressive episodes, episode density, and history of psychosis assessed clinical severity. Performances in verbal memory, attention, and executive functions, as well as level of psychosocial functioning were used as outcomes...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062652/the-processing-speed-impairment-in-psychosis-is-more-than-just-accelerated-aging
#16
Samuel R Mathias, Emma E M Knowles, Jennifer Barrett, Olivia Leach, Sebastiano Buccheri, Tamara Beetham, John Blangero, Russell A Poldrack, David C Glahn
Processing speed is impaired in patients with psychosis, and deteriorates as a function of normal aging. These observations, in combination with other lines of research, suggest that psychosis may be a syndrome of accelerated aging. But do patients with psychosis perform poorly on tasks of processing speed for the same reasons as older adults? Fifty-one patients with psychotic illnesses and 90 controls with similar mean IQ (aged 19-69 years, all African American) completed a computerized processing-speed task, reminiscent of the classic digit-symbol coding task...
January 6, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059709/microstructure-of-the-default-mode-network-in-preterm-infants
#17
J Cui, O Tymofiyeva, R Desikan, T Flynn, H Kim, D Gano, C P Hess, D M Ferriero, A J Barkovich, D Xu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Diffusion and fMRI has been providing insights to brain development in addition to anatomic imaging. This study aimed to evaluate the microstructure of white matter tracts underlying the default mode network in premature infants by using resting-state functional MR imaging in conjunction with diffusion tensor imaging-based tractography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 44 preterm infants underwent structural T1-weighted imaging, resting-state fMRI, and DTI at 3T, including 21 infants with brain injuries and 23 infants with normal-appearing structural imaging as controls...
November 10, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056892/correlations-between-physical-activity-and-neurocognitive-domain-functions-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Yusuke Kurebayashi, Junichi Otaki
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive dysfunction is a critical target symptom of schizophrenia treatment. A positive correlation between physical activity level and neurocognitive function has been reported in healthy individuals, but it is unclear whether such a correlation exists in patients with schizophrenia and whether the relationship is different according to inpatients or outpatients. This study aimed to examine the differences in the correlations between physical activity and multiple neurocognitive domains in inpatients and outpatients with schizophrenia and obtain suggestions for further study to facilitate this field...
January 5, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056424/neonatal-anesthetic-neurotoxicity-insight-into-the-molecular-mechanisms-of-long-term-neurocognitive-deficits
#19
REVIEW
Deshui Yu, Linji Li, Weiguo Yuan
Mounting animal studies have demonstrated that almost all the clinically used general anesthetics could induce widespread neuroapoptosis in the immature brain. Alarmingly, some published findings have reported long-term neurocognitive deficits in response to early anesthesia exposure which deeply stresses the potential seriousness of developmental anesthetic neurotoxicity. However, the connection between anesthesia induced neuroapoptosis and subsequent neurocognitive deficits remains controversial. It should be noted that developmental anesthesia related neurotoxicity is not limited to neuroapoptosis...
January 2, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056012/growth-after-late-preterm-birth-and-adult-cognitive-academic-and-mental-health-outcomes
#20
Sara Sammallahti, Kati Heinonen, Sture Andersson, Marius Lahti, Sami Pirkola, Jari Lahti, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Aulikki Lano, Dieter Wolke, Johan G Eriksson, Eero Kajantie, Katri Raikkonen
BACKGROUND: Late-preterm birth (at 34(0/7)-36(6/7) weeks' gestation) increases the risk of early growth faltering, poorer neurocognitive functioning, and lower socio-economic attainment. Among early-preterm individuals, faster early growth benefits neurodevelopment, but it remains unknown whether these benefits extend to late-preterm individuals. METHODS: In 108 late-preterm individuals, we examined if weight, head, or length growth between birth, 5 and 20 months' corrected age, and 56 months, predicted grade point average and special education in comprehensive school, or neurocognitive abilities and psychiatric diagnoses/symptoms at 24-26 years of age...
January 5, 2017: Pediatric Research
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