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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921329/preventive-dental-visiting-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis-of-theory-explaining-how-inequalities-arise
#1
Rebecca V Harris, Andrew Pennington, Margaret Whitehead
BACKGROUND: In many countries, those with lower socioeconomic status are disproportionately affected by poor oral health. This can be attributed, at least in part, to differences in preventive dental visiting. While several theories have been applied to the area, they generally fail to capture the recursive nature of dental visiting behaviour, and fall short of informing the design of complex interventions to tackle inequalities. OBJECTIVE: To undertake a systematic review and synthesis of theory in order to provide an overview of the pathways which bring about socioeconomic inequalities in early dental visiting, and identify possible intervention points...
December 6, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920399/anticoagulation-for-stroke-prevention-in-elderly-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-what-are-the-obstacles
#2
C W Wong
The elderly with atrial fibrillation are more prone to stroke. Oral anticoagulants such as warfarin are effective in the prevention of atrial fibrillation-associated stroke and systemic embolism. The CHADS2 or CHA2D2-VASc score and HAS-BLED score were developed to stratify stroke risk associated with atrial fibrillation and bleeding risk in a patient with atrial fibrillation, respectively, to facilitate the decision for and safe use of oral anticoagulant. Nonetheless, the decision for anticoagulation is not straightforward and the elderly with non-valvular atrial fibrillation are often precluded from anticoagulant prescription...
December 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919935/secondary-prevention-lifestyle-interventions-initiated-within-90-days-after-tia-or-minor-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-rehabilitation-programmes
#3
Neil Heron, Frank Kee, Christopher Cardwell, Mark A Tully, Michael Donnelly, Margaret E Cupples
BACKGROUND: Strokes are often preceded by a transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or 'minor' stroke. The immediate period after a TIA/minor stroke is a crucial time to initiate secondary prevention. However, the optimal approach to prevention, including non-pharmacological measures, after TIA is not clear. AIM: To systematically review evidence about the effectiveness of delivering secondary prevention, with lifestyle interventions, in comprehensive rehabilitation programmes, initiated within 90 days of a TIA/minor stroke...
December 5, 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919472/the-value-of-a-poison-control-center-in-preventing-unnecessary-emergency-department-visits-and-hospital-charges-a-multi-year-analysis
#4
Casey R Tak, Marty C Malheiro, Heather K W Bennett, Barbara I Crouch
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the economic value of the Utah Poison Control Center (UPCC) by examining its contribution to the reduction of unnecessary emergency department (ED) visits and associated charges across multiple years. METHODS: A multi-year (2009-2014) analysis of cross-sectional data was performed. Callers were asked what they would do for a poison emergency if the UPCC was not available. Healthcare charges for ED visits averted were calculated according to insurance status using charges obtained from a statewide database...
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919147/-the-iodine-intake-in-a-female-population-of-an-apennine-valley-italy-in-years-2003-2013
#5
Giulio Ozzola, Lucia Gasbarri, Carlo Montaini
OBJECTIVES: to assess if the iodine intake of pregnant women had increased or not after the introduction of Law no. 55 of March 2005 («Provisions aimed at the prevention of endemic goitre and other diseases from iodine deficiency») and if it reached the levels recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO). DESIGN: evaluation of ioduria values in the female local population enrolled. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: in 4 different years, 100 women per year (400 women in all) were enrolled in this study...
November 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919096/should-we-screen-for-vitamin-d-deficiency-grand-rounds-discussion-from-beth-israel-deaconess-medical-center
#6
Howard Libman, Alan O Malabanan, Gordon J Strewler, Eileen E Reynolds
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recently issued guidelines on screening for vitamin D deficiency. The guidelines were based on randomized trials of vitamin D deficiency screening and treatment, as well as on case-control studies nested within the Women's Health Initiative. The USPSTF concluded that current evidence is insufficient to assess the benefits and harms of screening for vitamin D deficiency in asymptomatic adults. Compared with placebo or no treatment, vitamin D was associated with decreased mortality; however, benefits were no longer seen after trials of institutionalized persons were excluded...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917486/school-based-positive-youth-development-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#7
Tess Curran, Lisa Wexler
BACKGROUND: The values, perspectives, and behavior patterns that begin in adolescence can continue throughout one's life. Because of these lifetime effects, much research has focused on adolescent risk and prevention, but a new body of knowledge investigates protective factors and strengths. Positive youth development (PYD) increases internal and external assets during adolescence and is often based within communities. This review, however, focuses on school-based PYD interventions because these institutions are the largest youth-serving institutions in the country...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911944/specific-stimuli-induce-specific-adaptations-sensorimotor-training-vs-reactive-balance-training
#8
Kathrin Freyler, Anne Krause, Albert Gollhofer, Ramona Ritzmann
Typically, balance training has been used as an intervention paradigm either as static or as reactive balance training. Possible differences in functional outcomes between the two modalities have not been profoundly studied. The objective of the study was to investigate the specificity of neuromuscular adaptations in response to two balance intervention modalities within test and intervention paradigms containing characteristics of both profiles: classical sensorimotor training (SMT) referring to a static ledger pivoting around the ankle joint vs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911759/neurotransmitter-release-can-be-stabilized-by-a-mechanism-that-prevents-voltage-changes-near-the-end-of-action-potentials-from-affecting-calcium-currents
#9
Stephen G Clarke, Matthew S Scarnati, Kenneth G Paradiso
: At chemical synapses, presynaptic action potentials (APs) activate voltage-gated calcium channels, allowing calcium to enter and trigger neurotransmitter release. The duration, peak amplitude, and shape of the AP falling phase alter calcium entry, which can affect neurotransmitter release significantly. In many neurons, APs do not immediately return to the resting potential, but instead exhibit a period of depolarization or hyperpolarization referred to as an afterpotential. We hypothesized that presynaptic afterpotentials should alter neurotransmitter release by affecting the electrical driving force for calcium entry and calcium channel gating...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909567/ovarian-reserve-may-be-compromised-after-adnexal-surgery-are-we-sufficiently-fertility-focused-in-our-surgical-training
#10
G S Kalra, S Campbell, G Nargund
There is a general trend towards delay in childbearing age amongst women. The ovarian reserve clearly falls with increasing age and the impact is greater with advancing age, particularly from late 30s. Presence of other risk factors can increase the risk of subfertility. A large number of women are exposed to pelvic surgery for various reasons, both elective and emergency. There is evidence that some of the pelvic surgery performed around ovaries and tubes has a negative impact on the ovarian reserve and in turn may cause a decline in woman's ability to conceive...
June 27, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909033/ethnic-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-knee-pain-among-adults-of-a-community-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Yook Chin Chia, Hooi Chin Beh, Chirk Jenn Ng, Cheong Lieng Teng, Nik Sherina Hanafi, Wan Yuen Choo, Siew Mooi Ching
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of knee pain among 3 major ethnic groups in Malaysia. By identifying high-risk groups, preventive measures can be targeted at these populations. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in rural and urban areas in a state in Malaysia. Secondary schools were randomly selected and used as sampling units. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged ≥18 years old were invited to answer a self-administered questionnaire on pain experienced over the previous 6 months...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907962/critical-care-of-traumatic-cervical-spinal-cord-injuries-preventing-secondary-injury
#12
Gary Schwartzbauer, Deborah Stein
The incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) has not changed much over the years due to an aging population suffering falls, yet advances have been made in quality of life and survival time. In addition to initial medical and surgical stabilization, modern intensive care unit (ICU) care throughout the critical early period following SCI is essential to avoid continued secondary injury to the spinal cord. Cervical SCI patients are particularly prone and sensitive to periods of cardiovascular instability and respiratory failure directly resulting from their injuries...
December 2016: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906984/balance-and-muscle-strength-in-elderly-women-who-dance-samba
#13
Marcos Maurício Serra, Angelica Castilho Alonso, Mark Peterson, Luis Mochizuki, Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve, Luiz Eugênio Garcez-Leme
Considering the growth of the aging population, and the increasing risk for falls and related morbidity, it is vital to seek efficient, comprehensive, and culturally relevant prevention programs for elderly people to reduce risks for falls. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the postural balance and muscle strength among women participating in the "Wing of Baianas" in the carnival parades. One hundred and ten women, with an average age of 67.4±5.9 years, were divided into two groups: Baianas group-elderly participants of the carnival parades in the "Wing of Baianas", and a Control group of women who do not dance samba...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906924/reducing-harm-from-falls
#14
Shelley Jones, Sandy Blake, Richard Hamblin, Carmela Petagna, Carl Shuker, Alan F Merry
Serious adverse event reporting from district health boards (DHBs) brought in-hospital falls to the attention of the Health Quality & Safety Commission (the Commission) when it was incepted in 2010. In 2012, responding to the large numbers reported, the Commission began planning for a three-year programme to reduce harm from falls, initially to run 2013-2015. In this article we discuss the serious consequences of falls, and the challenges and practical considerations involved in reducing the risk of falling and the rate of falls...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906913/falls-prevention-as-everyday-heroism
#15
EDITORIAL
Frances Healey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906732/safety-profile-of-children-in-an-enclosure-bed
#16
Eileen Sherburne, Julia A Snethen, Sheryl Kelber
PURPOSE: Pediatric nurses care for many children in the hospital setting whose behavioral challenges can impact safety. One intervention utilized to prevent injury and improve safety when caring for this population of children has been the enclosure bed. Scant information was found in the literature that discusses the use of the enclosure bed in the pediatric setting. The purpose of this article is to examine the use of the enclosure bed in the pediatric setting. A secondary aim is to identify the population of children where an enclosure bed was implemented and the safety factors associated with use of the enclosure bed...
January 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906729/challenges-in-the-prevention-of-falls-and-fall-related-injuries-in-older-adults
#17
Susan Alexander, Amy Hunter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906533/walking-working-surfaces-and-personal-protective-equipment-fall-protection-systems-final-rule
#18
(no author information available yet)
OSHA is revising and updating its general industry standards on walking-working surfaces to prevent and reduce workplace slips, trips, and falls, as well as other injuries and fatalities associated with walking-working surface hazards. The final rule includes revised and new provisions addressing, for example, fixed ladders; rope descent systems; fall protection systems and criteria, including personal fall protection systems; and training on fall hazards and fall protection systems. In addition, the final rule adds requirements on the design, performance, and use of personal fall protection systems...
November 18, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905360/-orthostatic-hypotension-in-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#19
A Sh Chimagomedova, O S Levin
The features of orthostatic hypotension in patients with dementia with Lewy bodies are considered. The early diagnosis of these disorders could prevent adverse conditions (falls and syncopes), improve activities of daily living and quality-of-life. Current approaches to treatment of orthostatic hypotension are analyzed.
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905249/guide-to-ensure-older-people-avoid-trips-and-falls-in-hospital
#20
(no author information available yet)
The Royal College of Physicians has developed a guide for patients and carers to help prevent trips and falls among older people in hospital, and thereby reduce serious injuries and unnecessary cost to the NHS.
December 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
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