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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740771/venous-thromboembolism-risk-stratification-and-chemoprophylaxis-a-meta-analysis-finds-no-benefit-more-risk
#1
Eric Swanson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736179/venous-thromboembolism-in-burn-patients-is-not-prevented-by-chemoprophylaxis
#2
Sheena Sikora, Anthony Papp
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolisms (VTE) including deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are serious complications following burn trauma. There are inconsistencies in the literature regarding thromboembolic prevention strategies and data suggests that complications occur despite chemoprophylaxis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of deep venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism in burn patients who are actively being treated with VTE prophylaxis and to determine factors that help predict which anti-coagulated patients are at risk for VTE and may benefit from further treatment...
July 20, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729922/meningococcal-disease-outbreak-related-to-the-world-scout-jamboree-in-japan-2015
#3
Mizue Kanai, Hajime Kamiya, Alison Smith-Palmer, Hideyuki Takahashi, Yushi Hachisu, Munehisa Fukusumi, Takehito Saitoh, Makoto Ohnishi, Tomimasa Sunagawa, Tamano Matsui, Kazunori Oishi
PROBLEM: Six invasive meningococcal disease cases occurred among Scottish and Swedish nationals associated with the World Scout Jamboree (WSJ), an international mass gathering, held in Japan. The index case developed symptoms while returning home. The strains from all six cases were identical and seldom seen in Japan. CONTEXT: Over 33 000 participants from 155 countries attended WSJ. At the Jamboree site, participants of the North of Scotland's and Sweden's units camped within the same subcamp and kept the same schedule of events...
April 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728595/malaria-after-international-travel-a-geosentinel-analysis-2003-2016
#4
Kristina M Angelo, Michael Libman, Eric Caumes, Davidson H Hamer, Kevin C Kain, Karin Leder, Martin P Grobusch, Stefan H Hagmann, Phyllis Kozarsky, David G Lalloo, Poh-Lian Lim, Calvin Patimeteeporn, Philippe Gautret, Silvia Odolini, François Chappuis, Douglas H Esposito
BACKGROUND: More than 30,000 malaria cases are reported annually among international travellers. Despite improvements in malaria control, malaria continues to threaten travellers due to inaccurate perception of risk and sub-optimal pre-travel preparation. METHODS: Records with a confirmed malaria diagnosis after travel from January 2003 to July 2016 were obtained from GeoSentinel, a global surveillance network of travel and tropical medicine providers that monitors travel-related morbidity...
July 20, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722576/malaria-associated-mortality-in-the-australian-defence-force-during-the-twentieth-century
#5
G Dennis Shanks
Malaria has been a military problem throughout history capable of causing epidemics that stop military operations. Individual mortality was examined from records of the three major wars of the 20th century that involved Australia in which 133 (1914-1919), 92 (1943-1945), and two (1965-1967) soldiers are known to have died with malaria. Those dying were predominately enlisted soldiers with a mean age of 29 years often complicated by other infections such as influenza pneumonia or scrub typhus. Lethal epidemics of falciparum malaria occurred in Palestine/Syria in October 1918 and New Guinea in September 1943 to March 1944...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719780/venous-thromboembolic-prophylaxis-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery-a-review-of-current-literature-and-practice
#6
Martin H S Weisman, James R Holmes, Todd A Irwin, Paul G Talusan
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a well-known and feared complication following foot and ankle surgery, as it is a source of morbidity and mortality in the perioperative phase. The most recent CHEST guidelines recommended against the use of chemoprophylaxis and the majority of the literature has found a low incidence of VTE following foot and ankle surgery. Some authors prefer screening patients for risk factors and recommend the use of chemoprophylaxis on a case-by-case basis. Interestingly, studies that found high incidence of VTE were unable to determine a statistically significant difference between the prophylaxis and placebo groups...
August 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700413/venous-thromboembolism-after-major-venous-injuries-competing-priorities
#7
Brian Frank, Zoё Maher, Joshua P Hazelton, Shelby Resnick, Elizabeth Dauer, Anna Goldenberg, Andrea L Lubitz, Brian P Smith, Noelle N Saillant, Patrick M Reilly, Mark J Seamon
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) after major vascular injury (MVI) is particularly challenging as the competing risk of thrombosis and embolization after direct vessel injury must be balanced with risk of bleeding after surgical repair. We hypothesized that venous injuries, repair type and intraoperative anticoagulation would influence VTE formation after MVI. METHODS: A multi-institution, retrospective cohort study of consecutive MVI patients was conducted at 3 urban, level-I centers (2005-2013)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697027/impact-of-venous-thromboembolism-chemoprophylaxis-on-postoperative-hemorrhage-following-operative-stabilization-of-spine-fractures
#8
John P Sharpe, Wade C Gobbell, Maranda Pahlkotter, Michael S Muhlbauer, Francis X Camillo, Timothy C Fabian, Martin A Croce, Louis J Magnotti
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic anticoagulation may decrease the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with spine fractures following blunt trauma, but comes with the threat of postoperative bleeding in patients requiring stabilization of these fractures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of preoperative anticoagulation on VTE and bleeding complications in patients with blunt spine fractures requiring operative stabilization. METHODS: All patients with blunt spine fractures requiring operative stabilization over a 6-year period were identified...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685796/tuberculosis-cost-in-tunisia
#9
Mohamed Hsairi, Mehdi Ben Braham, Dhikrayet Gamara, Rachid Fourati, Faouzi Abid, Fatma Tritar, Mohamed Ridha Charfi
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) infects one third of the world population. Its economic impact is important, affecting the global economy in the World. OBJECTIVE: To determine the economic costs related to tuberculosis in Tunisia. METHODS: Calculations were made for the reference year 2013; we covered all cost components of the disease, which are related to program management, BCG vaccination, health workers training, social mobilization, screening, chemoprophylaxis, and tuberculosis care...
October 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683060/erratum-vol-60-no-rr-1
#10
(no author information available yet)
In the Recommendations and Reports "Antiviral Agents for the Treatment and Chemoprophylaxis of Influenza" (January 21, 2011, Vol. 60, No. RR-1, https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/rr/rr6001.pdf), on page 8, in the first column, in the second paragraph, in the second sentence, the term "pneumonia" was used rather than "lower respiratory tract complications leading to antibiotic use." The corrected sentence should read, "In a study that combined data from 10 clinical trials, the risk for lower respiratory tract complications leading to antibiotic use among those participants with laboratory-confirmed influenza receiving oseltamivir treatment was approximately 50% lower than among those persons receiving a placebo and 34% lower among patients at risk for complications (p<0...
July 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677938/alveolar-splitting-with-piezosurgery-bone-bank-grafts-and-nobelactive-implants-as-an-alternative-to-major-bone-grafting-for-maxillary-reconstruction
#11
Massimo Albanese, Giulia Ricciardi, Dario Donadello, Alessandra Lucchese, Federico Gelpi, Alessandro Zangani, Daniele DE Santis, Alessandro Rizzini, Alberto Rossetto, Dario Bertossi
BACKGROUND: Piezo-surgery represents a novel alternative technique. The Piezo-surgery is well tolerated and permits a large number of applications in decribed literature. The principle of piezo-surgery consists into inducing micro-vibrations to a metallic insert with a particular custom. The aim of this article is to study and to evaluate the use of Nobelactive implants in combination with piezosurgical split-crest technique in severe atrophy of the upper maxilla. This approach allows avoiding the use of onlay grafts, due to rise the trasversal width of the crestal bone, which could have more complications and uncertain prognosis...
July 4, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654740/evaluation-of-knowledge-and-use-of-the-malaria-prevention-measures-among-the-patients-of-the-department-of-tropical-and-parasitic-diseases-university-center-of-maritime-and-tropical-medicine-gdynia-based-on-a-questionnaire-performed-in-the-years-2012-20
#12
Anna Kuna, Michał Gajewski, Joanna Stańczak
INTRODUCTION: Every year, approximately 125 million travelers visit areas where malaria prevails, located in over 100 countries. Over 10,000 of them suffer from malaria annually. Visitors to these areas may protect themselves against infection by using chemoprophylaxis, insect repellents, appropriate clothing, sleeping in airconditioned and well-screened quarters or using mosquito nets impregnated with insecticides. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to gather and analyze the data about knowledge and usage of pharmacological and non-pharmacological malaria prevention methods among the patients of the University Centre for Maritime and Tropical Medicine (UCMMiT), Gdynia, Poland, in 2012-2013...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646924/ciprofloxacin-for-contacts-of-cases-of-meningococcal-meningitis-as-an-epidemic-response-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#13
Matthew E Coldiron, Gabriel Alcoba, Iza Ciglenecki, Matt Hitchings, Ali Djibo, Anne-Laure Page, Celine Langendorf, Rebecca F Grais
BACKGROUND: Epidemics of meningococcal meningitis are common in the "African meningitis belt." Current response strategies include reactive vaccination campaigns, which are often organized too late to have maximal impact. A novel strain of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C has been circulating in recent years, and vaccine supplies are limited. An evaluation of chemoprophylaxis with single-dose ciprofloxacin for household contacts of meningitis cases has therefore been recommended. METHODS/DESIGN: A three-arm cluster-randomized trial has been designed for implementation during a meningococcal meningitis epidemic in a health district in Niger in which at least two Health Zones (HZs) have met the weekly epidemic threshold...
June 24, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644591/a-heart-for-travel-travel-health-considerations-for-patients-with-heart-disease-and-cardiac-devices
#14
G Flaherty, S De Freitas
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in adult international travellers. Patients living with heart disease should receive specific, individualised pre-travel health advice. The purpose of this article is to provide evidence-based advice to physicians who are consulted by travellers with cardiovascular disease. Fitness-to-travel evaluation will often be conducted by the general practitioner but other medical specialists may also be consulted for advice. Patients with chronic medical conditions should purchase travel health insurance...
December 12, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625024/-post-operative-single-immediate-intravesical-instillation-chemotherapy-as-prophylaxis-for-reccurence-after-transurethral-resection-of-low-risk-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#15
Shimpei Sugiura, Noriaki Noto, Mitsuyuki Koizumi, Daiji Takamoto, Naoya Fujikawa, Ichiro Ikeda
We evaluated the efficacy of single-dose instillation of pirarubicine hydrochloride (THP) in the chemoprophylaxis of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer(NMIBC). In a retrospective study, 135 evaluable patients were assigned to three groups after transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT). In group 1, patients received no adjuvant therapy after TURBT. In group 2, patients received a single-dose of 30 mg THP in 30 ml normal saline immediately after TURBT. In group 3, patients received 30 mg THP in 30 ml normal saline 2 weeks after TURBT , and the instillations were repeated for 4 weeks, then every other week twice and successively monthly for 6 months...
May 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619415/international-travelers-sociodemographic-health-and-travel-characteristics-an-italian-study
#16
Gianmarco Troiano, Astrid Mercone, Alessandra Bagnoli, Nicola Nante
BACKGROUND: Approximately the 8% of travelers requires medical care, with the diagnosis of a vaccine-preventable disease. The aim of our study was to analyze the socio-demographic, health and travel characteristics of the Italian international travelers. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study from January 2015 to June 2016, at the Travel Medicine Clinic of Siena, asking the doctor to interview patients who attended the Clinic, recording socio-demographic and travel information, malaria prophylaxis, vaccinations...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615258/effect-of-a-package-of-health-and-nutrition-services-on-sustained-recovery-in-children-after-moderate-acute-malnutrition-and-factors-related-to-sustaining-recovery-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#17
Heather C Stobaugh, Lucy B Bollinger, Sara E Adams, Audrey H Crocker, Jennifer B Grise, Julie A Kennedy, Chrissie Thakwalakwa, Kenneth M Maleta, Dennis J Dietzen, Mark J Manary, Indi Trehan
Background: Children who recover from moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) have high rates of relapse in the year after nutritional recovery. Interventions to decrease these adverse outcomes are needed to maximize the overall effectiveness of supplemental feeding programs (SFPs).Objectives: We evaluated the effectiveness of a package of health and nutrition interventions on improving the proportion of children who sustained recovery for 1 y after MAM treatment. We further explored factors related to sustained recovery...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602386/respiratory-infections-associated-with-anti-tnf%C3%AE-agents
#18
REVIEW
E Blanchard, M-E Truchetet, I Machelart, J Séneschal, C Raherison-Semjen
Anti-TNFα agents have proved effective in the treatment of various inflammatory, rheumatologic, dermatologic, and gastrointestinal diseases. Severe respiratory tract infections of bacterial or fungal origin have emerged as important complications in patients receiving such treatments. The risk of infection due to anti-TNFα therapy is difficult to assess in these patients who are immunocompromised because of the underlying disease itself and of previous or concomitant immunosuppressive drugs. This excessive infection risk seems real, particularly in the first six months following treatment initiation, and higher for patients receiving anti-TNFα monoclonal antibodies than for those receiving soluble TNFα receptor...
June 8, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594721/analysis-of-postoperative-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-with-chronic-ulcerative-colitis-is-it-the-disease-or-the-operation
#19
Nicholas P McKenna, Kevin T Behm, Daniel S Ubl, Amy E Glasgow, Kellie L Mathis, John H Pemberton, Elizabeth B Habermann, Robert R Cima
BACKGROUND: Patients with IBD have a higher baseline risk of venous thromboembolism, which further increases with surgery. Therefore, extended venous thromboembolism chemoprophylaxis has been suggested in certain high-risk cohorts. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the underlying diagnosis, operative procedure, or both influence the incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism. DESIGN: This was a retrospective review...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593051/the-need-for-preventive-and-curative-services-for-malaria-when-the-military-is-deployed-in-endemic-overseas-territories-a-case-study-and-lessons-learned
#20
Sumadhya Deepika Fernando, Rahuman Booso, Priyani Dharmawardena, Arunagirinathan Harintheran, Kugapiriyan Raviraj, Chaturaka Rodrigo, Manjula Danansuriya, Rajitha Wickremasinghe
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka has been free from indigenous malaria since November 2012 and received the WHO certificate for malaria-free status in September 2016. Due to increased global travel, imported malaria cases continue to be reported in the country. Military personnel returning home from international peace-keeping missions in malaria endemic countries represent a key risk group in terms of imported malaria. The present study intended to characterize the potential causes of a malaria outbreak among the Sri Lankan security forces personnel deployed in the Central African Republic (CAR)...
2017: Military Medical Research
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