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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103811/study-protocol-effect-of-playful-training-on-functional-abilities-of-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Jari Due Jessen, Henrik Hautop Lund
BACKGROUND: Loss of functional capabilities due to inactivity is one of the most common reasons for fall accidents, and it has been well established that loss of capabilities can be effectively reduced by physical activity. Pilot studies indicate a possible improvement in functional abilities of community dwelling elderly as a result of short-term playing with an exergame system in the form of interactive modular tiles. Such playful training may be motivational to perform and viewed by the subjects to offer life-fulfilling quality, while providing improvement in physical abilities, e...
January 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101566/effect-of-physical-activity-in-the-first-five-days-after-cardiac-surgery
#2
Sean F Mungovan, Preetraj Singh, Gregory C Gass, Neil A Smart, Andrew D Hirschhorn
OBJECTIVES: To quantify physiotherapist-supervised and independent physical activity undertaken from the first to the fifth day after cardiac surgery (POD1 to POD5), and to relate the amount of physical activity undertaken with hospital stay and postoperative physiological functional capacity on POD6. METHODS: Physiotherapist-supervised and independent physical activity were monitored in 83 adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery, using a bi-axial accelerometer and skin sensors that measured, galvanic skin response and body temperature...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099587/non-invasive-ventilation-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Hugo Souza Bittencourt, Helena França Correia Dos Reis, Melissa Santos Lima, Mansueto Gomes
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) may perfect respiratory and cardiac performance in patients with heart failure (HF). The objective of the study to establish, through systematic review and meta-analysis, NIV influence on functional capacity of HF patients. A systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized studies was carried out through research of databases of Cochrane Library, SciELO, Pubmed and PEDro, using the key-words: heart failure, non-invasive ventilation, exercise tolerance; and the free terms: bi-level positive airway pressure (BIPAP), continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), and functional capacity (terms were searched for in English and Portuguese) using the Boolean operators AND and OR...
January 16, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093370/a-comparison-of-locomotor-therapy-interventions-partial-body-weight-supported-treadmill-lokomat%C3%A2-and-g-eo%C3%A2-training-in-persons-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Alberto Esquenazi, Stella Lee, Amanda Wikoff, Andrew Packel, Theresa Toczylowski, John Feeley
BACKGROUND: Literature in the application of gait training techniques in persons with traumatic brain injury is limited. Current techniques require of multiple staff and are physically demanding. The use of a robotic locomotor training may provide improved training capacity for this population. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of three different modes of locomotor therapy on gait velocity and spatiotemporal symmetry using: an end effector robot (G-EO™); a robotic exoskeleton (Lokomat®) and manual assisted partial-body weight supported treadmill training (PBWSTT) in participants with traumatic brain injury...
January 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087053/six-minute-walk-test-results-predict-risk-of-hospitalization-for-youths-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-5-year-follow-up-study
#5
Márcio V F Donadio, João P Heinzmann-Filho, Fernanda M Vendrusculo, Patrícia X H Frasson, Paulo J C Marostica
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and other variables (anthropometry, chronic Pseudomonas aeroginosa colonization, pulmonary function, and respiratory muscle strength) with the risk of hospitalization for pulmonary exacerbation in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study that included patients with CF aged 6-18 years. All participants underwent spirometry, manovacuometry, and 6MWT during the 5-year follow-up...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081353/clinical-correlation-between-the-6-min-walk-test-andcardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#6
Serap Acar, Sema Savcı, Didem Kardibak, Buse Özcan Kahraman, Bahri Akdeniz, Ebru Özpelit, Can Sevinç
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aims of the present study were to assess the relationship between the distance walked during the 6-min walk test (6MWT) and exercise capacity as determined by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and to investigate the prognostic value of the 6MWT in comparison to clinical parameters of CPET and echocardiography findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty PAH patients participated in the study...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079430/multimodal-prehabilitation-improves-functional-capacity-before-and-after-colorectal-surgery-for-cancer-a-five-year-research-experience
#7
Enrico Maria Minnella, Guillaume Bousquet-Dion, Rashami Awasthi, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl, Francesco Carli
BACKGROUND: Multimodal prehabilitation is a preoperative conditioning intervention in form of exercise, nutritional assessment, whey protein supplementation, and anxiety-coping technique. Despite recent evidence suggesting that prehabilitation could improve functional capacity in patients undergoing colorectal surgery for cancer, all studies were characterized by a relatively small sample size. The aim of this study was to confirm what was previously found in three small population trials...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078435/the-effects-of-therapeutic-exercises-on-pain-muscle-strength-functional-capacity-balance-and-hemodynamic-parameters-in-knee-osteoarthritis-patients-a-randomized-controlled-study-of-supervised-versus-home-exercises
#8
Tuğba Kuru Çolak, Bahar Kavlak, Onur Aydoğdu, Emir Şahin, Gönül Acar, İlkşan Demirbüken, Zübeyir Sarı, İlker Çolak, Güven Bulut, M Gülden Polat
The aim of the study was to compare the effects of low-intensity exercise programs for lower extremities, either supervised or at home, on pain, muscle strength, balance and the hemodynamic parameters of knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients. This randomized study included 78 patients with knee OA in 2 groups of supervised and home-based exercise program. Exercises were applied to the first group in the clinic as a group exercise program and were demonstrated to the second group to be performed at home. Before and after the 6-week exercise program, assessment was made of pain, quadriceps and hamstring muscle strengths, 6-min walk test (6MWT), and non-invasive hemodynamic parameters...
January 11, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075423/effects-of-device-guided-slow-breathing-training-on-exercise-capacity-cardiac-function-and-respiratory-patterns-during-sleep-in-male-and-female-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#9
Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz, Grzegorz Bilo, Tomasz Drożdż, Dorota Dębicka-Dąbrowska, Grzegorz Kiełbasa, Gabriella Malfatto, Katarzyna Styczkiewicz, Carolina Lombardi, Agnieszka Bednarek, Sabrina Salerno, Danuta Czarnecka, Gianfranco Parati
INTRODUCTION    Slow breathing training (SBT) has been proposed as new non-pharmacological treatment in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients.  OBJECTIVES    The aim of this study was to assess the effects of SBT on exercise capacity, haemodynamic parameters and sleep respiratory patterns in a relatively large sample of CHF patients. PATIENTS ABD METHODS    A cross-over open study was conducted. The patients completed, in random order, 10-12 week periods of SBT with the RESPeRATE device (InterCure Ltd...
January 10, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070628/osseointegrated-prosthetic-limb-for-the-treatment-of-lower-limb-amputations-experience-and-outcomes
#10
Munjed Al Muderis, William Lu, Jiao Jiao Li
BACKGROUND: Osseointegration has emerged over the past two decades as a dramatically different approach for the treatment of lower limb amputations, which involves direct attachment of the prosthesis to the skeletal residuum. This approach can address many of the socket-interface issues associated with socket prostheses which represent the current standard of care for amputees. The Osseointegrated Prosthetic Limb (OPL) is an osseointegration implant with a new design and improved features compared to other available implant systems...
January 9, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060042/hiv-infected-children-in-malawi-have-decreased-performance-on-the-6-minute-walk-test-with-preserved-cardiac-mechanics-regardless-of-antiretroviral-treatment-status
#11
Amy Sims Sanyahumbi, Mina Hosseinipour, Danielle Guffey, Irving Hoffman, Peter N Kazembe, Madeline McCrary, Charles G Minard, Charles Van der Horst, Craig A Sable
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to (1) determine if cardiac disease can be detected in HIV-infected children by strain imaging, and (2) to evaluate differences in exercise performance between HIVinfected on and not yet on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and in HIV-uninfected children by 6- minute walk tests (6MWT) METHODS:: This cross-sectional study evaluated cardiac function by echocardiogram and exercise performance by 6MWT in HIV-infected and uninfected children ages 4 to 18 years in Lilongwe, Malawi...
January 3, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049743/alternative-indexes-to-estimate-the-functional-capacity-from-the-6-minute-walk-test-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis
#12
Renata Tiemi Okuro, Maria Angela Gonçalves de Oliveira Ribeiro, José Dirceu Ribeiro, Rafaela Coelho Minsky, Camila Isabel Santos Schivinski
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis is a multi-systemic disease related to reduced functional capacity. The distance covered in the 6-min walk test (6MWT) has been known to assess functional capacity, but little is known about other indexes that can be derived. We sought to compare the performance during the 6MWT and the estimated indexes of functional capacity from the 6MWT between subjects with cystic fibrosis (CF) and healthy individuals as well as to assess the relationship among these indexes and disease severity, pulmonary function, and nutritional status in CF...
January 3, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039539/a-wearable-proprioceptive-stabilizer-for-rehabilitation-of-limb-and-gait-ataxia-in-hereditary-cerebellar-ataxias-a-pilot-open-labeled-study
#13
Luca Leonardi, Maria Gabriella Aceto, Christian Marcotulli, Giuseppe Arcuria, Mariano Serrao, Francesco Pierelli, Paolo Paone, Alessandro Filla, Alessandro Roca, Carlo Casali
The aim of this pilot study is to test the feasibility and effectiveness of a wearable proprioceptive stabilizer that emits focal mechanical vibrations in patients affected by hereditary cerebellar ataxias. Eleven adult patients with a confirmed genetic diagnosis of autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia or Friedreich's ataxia were asked to wear an active device for 3 weeks. Assessments were performed at baseline, after the device use (T1), and 3 weeks after (T2). SARA, 9-HPT, PATA, 6MWT, and spatial and temporal gait parameters, measured with a BTS-G-Walk inertial sensor, were used as study endpoints...
December 31, 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031759/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-of-the-lower-limbs-combined-with-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-exercise-tolerance-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
Cezary Kucio, Justyna Niesporek, Ewa Kucio, Dominika Narloch, Bartosz Węgrzyn
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a systemic disease with multiple extrapulmonary manifestations including impeded skeletal muscle function, leading to decreased muscular strength and endurance in patients with COPD. Pulmonary rehabilitation eases the symptoms of the condition and produces increased muscular endurance. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may serve as a treatment alternative to traditional pulmonary rehabilitation. The aim of the study was to assess the effects of NMES combined with pulmonary rehabilitation on exercise tolerance in patients in comparison with pulmonary rehabilitation alone...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025026/hyperdynamic-right-heart-function-in-graves-hyperthyroidism-measured-by-echocardiography-normalises-on-restoration-of-euthyroidism
#15
Stephanie L Teasdale, Warrick J Inder, Michael Stowasser, Tony Stanton
BACKGROUND: Graves' hyperthyroidism commonly causes tachycardia and may result in pulmonary hypertension and high output cardiac failure. There is limited information regarding the effect of treatment on cardiac function measured using modern echocardiographic techniques. METHODS: Eight individuals with Graves' hyperthyroidism, aged 22-64 years, underwent comprehensive transthoracic echocardiography at three time points: before treatment, two weeks after commencement of carbimazole, and at six months or more when euthyroid...
November 19, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012121/triathlon-training-for-women-breast-cancer-survivors-feasibility-and-initial-efficacy
#16
Alexander V Ng, Alyson N Cybulski, Ashley A Engel, Paula E Papanek, Megan A Sheffer, Leslie J Waltke, Judy A Tjoe
: ᅟ: Exercise can improve quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer survivors. In contrast to many group or home-based exercise programs, little is known about the effectiveness of goal-oriented recreational activities. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a clinically overseen team triathlon training program on improving physiological and psychosocial health-related measures in female breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Twenty-three participants (age = 48 (8), BMI = 25 (1), mean (SE)) were recruited from a 14-week sprint triathlon (800-m swim, 20-km bike, 5-km run) team training program for women breast cancer survivors (4 (3) years post-surgery, chemo-, or radiation-therapy)...
December 24, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007328/arterial-stiffness-in-subacute-stroke-changing-pattern-and-relationship-with-functional-recovery
#17
Eun Young Han, Bo Ryun Kim, Seung-Jae Joo, Chang Sub Lee, Sa-Yoon Kang, Song-Yi Kim, Joon Hyouk Choi, Chul Woong Hyun
BACKGROUND: To examine changing patterns in arterial stiffness and functional outcome in patients with subacute stroke, and to determine which parameter shows a strong correlation with the reversal of arterial stiffness, during a 3-month period of comprehensive rehabilitation therapy. METHODS: This descriptive, observational cohort study enrolled 60 patients (43 male and 17 female; average age, 62.7 years), and all received conventional rehabilitation therapy, during a 3-month period...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006109/joint-loading-in-the-sagittal-plane-during-gait-is-associated-with-hip-joint-abnormalities-in-patients-with-femoroacetabular-impingement
#18
Michael A Samaan, Benedikt J Schwaiger, Matthew C Gallo, Kiyoshi Sada, Thomas M Link, Alan L Zhang, Sharmila Majumdar, Richard B Souza
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a morphological abnormality of the hip joint that results in functional impairments during various activities of daily living (ADL) such as walking. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to determine if lower extremity joint loading differed between patients with FAI and controls and to determine whether these altered biomechanical parameters were associated with intra-articular abnormalities. It was hypothesized that patients with FAI would exhibit altered lower extremity joint loading during walking when compared with healthy controls and that these altered joint loading patterns would be associated with intra-articular abnormalities...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005150/early-trends-in-bronchoscopic-lung-volume-reduction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-efficacy-parameters
#19
REVIEW
Abhishek Kumar, Rajany Dy, Kanwaljit Singh, M Jeffery Mador
INTRODUCTION: The goal of our systematic review and meta-analysis is to examine the therapeutic effectiveness of bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR), and to compare it with medical management and lung volume reduction surgery. METHODS: Variables of interest were absolute change in FEV1, 6MWT, and SGRQ. Meta-analysis was performed for the BLVR modalities with ≥3 trials. Of the 18 shortlisted publications, only valves (four trials; n = 159) and coils (six trials; n = 194) qualified for meta-analysis...
December 22, 2016: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999642/benefits-from-the-correction-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-patients-with-pulmonary-hypertension
#20
Ahmad Mirdamadi, Pouya Moshkdar
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D (Vit D) is linked to various conditions including musculoskeletal, metabolic and cardiopulmonary diseases. However, it is not clear whether correction of vit D deficiency exerts any beneficial effect in patients with pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: This study was a prospective uncontrolled longitudinal study. Patients with pulmonary hypertension and vit D deficiency were enrolled into this study. All patients in addition to standard treatment for pulmonary hypertension received cholecalciferol at a dose of 50,000 IU weekly plus calcicare (at a dose of 200 mg magnesium + 8 mg zinc + 400 IU vit D) daily for 3 months...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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