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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135399/-investigation-of-parameters-related-to-prognosis-in-diffuse-parenchymal-lung-diseases-prognosis-in-interstitial-lung-diseases
#1
Coşkun Canıvar, Züleyha Bingöl, Zeki Kılıçaslan, Tülin Çağatay, N Gülfer Okumuş
Introduction: Parameters related to prognosis in diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD) have a decisive influence on treatment and follow-up processes. We aimed to define baseline characteristics and factors that effect the mortality of the group of patients with DPLD and to determine distinctions between subgroups. Materials and Methods: Demographic characteristics, complaints, comorbidity, treatment, pulmonary function tests, echocardiographic findings, six minute walking test (6MWT), arterial blood gases analysis, radiological findings and survival time were collected from outpatient clinics database...
September 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131689/do-pedometers-with-or-without-education-on-exercise-increase-functional-walking-capacity-and-physical-activity-level-in-adolescents-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#2
Jill Blitz, Sara M Stern, Katherine Marzan
To evaluate the impact of pedometer use on the physical activity (PA) and functional walking capacity (FWC) of adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and lower extremity (LE) involvement. Twenty-seven adolescents, aged 11-19 years with JIA and LE involvement, participated in the three-phase pedometer study that introduced the use of a pedometer and an education seminar at 6 weeks. Measurements were taken at the baseline first visit and at weeks 6, 12, and 20. The primary outcome measure was the 6-minute walk test (6MWT)...
November 13, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131282/prognostic-value-of-daytime-heart-rate-blood-pressure-their-products-and-quotients-in-chronic-heart-failure
#3
Anna Kowalczys, Michał Bohdan, Marcin Gruchała
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is an important epidemiological and therapeuthic issue with poor prognosis. The aim of the study was to estimate the prognostic value of daytime heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), their products and quotients in patients with CHF. METHODS: The study included 80 stable patients with CHF and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF ≤ 35%). Physical examination, laboratory blood tests, electrocardiogram, chest X-ray, echocardiography, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), telemetry monitoring and BP measurements were performed in all participants...
November 13, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123500/efficacy-and-the-safety-of-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-treatment-in-patients-with-muscular-dystrophy-a-non-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Dorota Sienkiewicz, Wojciech Kułak, Bożena Okurowska-Zawada, Grażyna Paszko-Patej, Janusz Wojtkowski, Karolina Sochoń, Anna Kalinowska, Kamila Okulczyk, Jerzy Sienkiewicz, Edward McEachern
Introduction: The current standard treatment for patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) involves corticosteroids. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) induces the proliferation of satellite cells and myoblasts and, in turn, muscle regeneration. Beneficial effects of G-CSF were also described for skeletal muscle disorders. Aim: We assessed the safety and effects of using G-CSF to promote muscle strength in patients with DMD. Materials and methods: Inclusion criteria were as follows: patients aged 5-15 years with diagnosed with DMD confirmed by genetic test or biopsy...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122333/translation-and-validation-of-the-multidimensional-dyspnea-12-questionnaire
#5
Carlos Antonio Amado Diago, Luis Puente Maestu, Beatriz Abascal Bolado, Juan Agüero Calvo, Mercedes Hernando Hernando, Irene Puente Bats, Ramón Agüero Balbín
INTRODUCTION: Dyspnea is a multidimensional symptom, but this multidimensionality is not considered in most dyspnea questionnaires. The Dyspnea-12 takes a multidimensional approach to the assessment of dyspnea, specifically the sensory and the affective response. The objective of this study was to translate into Spanish and validate the Dyspnea-12 questionnaire. METHODS: The original English version of the Dyspnea-12 questionnaire was translated into Spanish and backtranslated to analyze its equivalence...
November 6, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120969/clinical-and-physiological-effects-of-rollators-in-individuals-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review
#6
Annemarie L Lee, Marla K Beauchamp, Roger S Goldstein, Dina Brooks
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of using a rollator in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Studies were systematically identified from literature searches of MEDLINE, CINAHL, PEDro, PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library databases and the reference lists of included studies. Two reviewers independently selected randomized controlled or crossover studies examining the effects of rollator usage compared with no aid in individuals with COPD...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120968/effect-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-inspiratory-capacity-during-6-min-walk-test-in-patients-with-copd-a-prospective-controlled-study
#7
Marc Spielmanns, Tobias Boeselt, Christoph Nell, Jenny Eckhoff, Rembert Andreas Koczulla, Fridericke Sophie Magnet, Jan Hendrik Storre, Wolfram Windisch, Klaus Baum
PURPOSE: Purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of a pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program on the measured inspiratory capacity (IC) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) while performing a 6-min walk test (6MWT). METHODS: Before and after PR, IC was measured by spirometry both at the beginning and at the end of the 6MWT for 15 patients with COPD in the PR group (PRG) and compared with a similar calisthenics training group (CTG; n = 15)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117249/multimodel-inference-applied-to-oxygen-recovery-kinetics-after-6-min-walk-tests-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#8
Florent Baty, Christian Ritz, Signe Marie Jensen, Lukas Kern, Michael Tamm, Martin Hugo Brutsche
6-min walk tests (6MWT) are routinely performed in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) kinetics during 6MWT can be modeled and derived parameters provide indicators of patients' exercise capacity. Post-exercise [Formula: see text] recovery also provides important parameters of patients' fitness which has not been extensively investigated in COPD. Several nonlinear regression models with different underlying biological assumptions may be suitable for describing recovery kinetics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113572/effects-of-an-individual-12-week-community-located-start-to-run-program-on-physical-capacity-walking-fatigue-cognitive-function-brain-volumes-and-structures-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Peter Feys, Lousin Moumdjian, Florian Van Halewyck, Inez Wens, Bert O Eijnde, Bart Van Wijmeersch, Veronica Popescu, Paul Van Asch
BACKGROUND: Exercise therapy studies in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) primarily focused on motor outcomes in mid disease stage, while cognitive function and neural correlates were only limitedly addressed. OBJECTIVES: This pragmatic randomized controlled study investigated the effects of a remotely supervised community-located "start-to-run" program on physical and cognitive function, fatigue, quality of life, brain volume, and connectivity. METHOD: In all, 42 pwMS were randomized to either experimental (EXP) or waiting list control (WLC) group...
November 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111007/performed-and-perceived-walking-ability-in-relation-to-the-expanded-disability-status-scale-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
D Langeskov-Christensen, P Feys, I Baert, M Riemenschneider, E Stenager, U Dalgas
BACKGROUND: The severity of walking impairment in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) at different levels on the expanded disability status scale (EDSS) is unclear. Furthermore, it is unclear if the EDSS is differently related to performed- and perceived walking capacity tests. AIMS: To quantify walking impairment and perceived impact of MS on walking according to EDSS scores and to examine the relations between these parameters in pwMS. METHODS: EDSS was collected by neurologists and walking was assessed by the timed 25ft walk test (T25FWT), two minute walk test (2MWT), six minute walk test (6MWT) and the 12-item MS walking scale (MSWS-12) in 474 PwMS with mild (EDSS 1-4: n=200) to moderate (EDSS 4...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103741/the-effect-of-home-based-program-and-outpatient-physical-therapy-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Tsui-Ling Su, An-Ni Chen, Chau-Peng Leong, Yu-Chi Huang, Chia-Wei Chiang, I-Hsuan Chen, Yan-Yuh Lee
OBJECTIVES: Physical therapy improves outcomes for patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) but home-based program (HBP) has not yet been investigated thoroughly. This study compared a HBP with outpatient physical therapy (OPT). METHODS: This trial categorized patients with primary HNC into OPT and HBP groups. The patients in the HBP group received home-based therapy once a day for 5 days per week. By contrast, the OPT group received various physical therapies, including aerobic, anaerobic, and stretching therapies, twice per week, plus a thrice-weekly home-based therapy that similarly consisted of aerobic, anaerobic, and stretching exercises...
November 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103048/treadmill-training-with-cues-and-feedback-improves-gait-in-people-with-more-advanced-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Valeria Studer, Roberto Maestri, Ilaria Clerici, Letizia Spina, Ilaria Zivi, Davide Ferrazzoli, Giuseppe Frazzitta
BACKGROUND: Gait disturbances in Parkinson's disease (PD) are highly disabling and poorly responsive to drugs, especially in advanced stages. While the efficacy of a treadmill training based on external feedback and cues (treadmill-plus) on gait disturbances in early PD stages is demonstrated, no definitive evidence exists about advanced stages. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and the effects of a treadmill-plus training on gait disturbances in advanced PD...
2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101711/randomized-trial-of-a-clinic-based-weight-loss-intervention-in-cancer-survivors
#13
Justin C Brown, Rachel L Yung, Anita Gobbie-Hurder, Laura Shockro, Keelin O'Connor, Nancy Campbell, Jocelyn Kasper, Erica L Mayer, Sara M Tolaney, Ann H Partridge, Jennifer A Ligibel
BACKGROUND: This trial examined the efficacy of a clinic-based weight loss intervention in cancer survivors. METHODS: This single-center phase II trial randomized survivors of solid tumors and hematologic malignancies to a 15-week group-based weight loss intervention that included caloric restriction and physical activity (n = 30) or a wait-list control intervention (n = 30). The primary study outcome was body mass. Secondary study outcomes included body composition using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, physical fitness using the 6-min walk test (6MWT), and concentrations of serum biomarkers...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100670/donor-site-morbidity-after-vascularized-fibula-free-flap-gait-analysis-during-prolonged-walk-conditions
#14
N Hadouiri, D Feuvrier, J Pauchot, P Decavel, Y Sagawa
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of vascularized fibula free flap (VFFF) harvest on gait variables during the six-minute walk test (6MWT). Eleven patients who had undergone VFFF harvest and 11 healthy peers participated in this case-control study. The main evaluation consisted of the collection of gait variables using the GAITRite system during three periods of the 6MWT: beginning (0-1min), middle (2:30-3:30min), and end (5-6min). The 6MWT was significantly shorter in the VFFF group than in the reference group (-31%, P<0...
October 31, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100445/efficacy-and-safety-of-bronchoscopic-lung-volume-reduction-therapy-in-patients-with-severe-emphysema-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Yong Wang, Tian-Wen Lai, Feng Xu, Jie-Sen Zhou, Zhou-Yang Li, Xu-Chen Xu, Hai-Pin Chen, Song-Min Ying, Wen Li, Hua-Hao Shen, Zhi-Hua Chen
BACKGROUND: Increasing randomized controlled trials (RCTs) indicate that bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) is effective for severe emphysema. In this meta-analysis, we investigated the efficacy and safety of BLVR in patients with severe emphysema. METHODS: PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library and reference lists of related articles were searched, and RCTs that evaluated BLVR therapy VS conventional therapy were included. Meta-analysis was performed only when included RCTs ≥ 2 trials...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093735/myocardial-expression-of-ppar%C3%AE-and-exercise-capacity-in-patients-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#16
Izabela Wojtkowska, Tomasz A Bonda, Jadwiga Wolszakiewicz, Jerzy Osak, Andrzej Tysarowski, Katarzyna Seliga, Janusz A Siedlecki, Maria M Winnicka, Ryszard Piotrowicz, Janina Stępińska
Activation of PPARs may be involved in the development of heart failure (HF). We evaluated the relationship between expression of PPARγ in the myocardium during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and exercise tolerance initially and during follow-up. 6-minute walking test was performed before CABG, after 1, 12, 24 months. Patients were divided into two groups (HF and non-HF) based on left ventricular ejection fraction and plasma proBNP level. After CABG, 67% of patients developed HF. The mean distance 1 month after CABG in HF was 397 ± 85 m versus 420 ± 93 m in non-HF...
2017: PPAR Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092649/evaluation-of-the-keeogo%C3%A2-dermoskeleton
#17
Jonathan C Mcleod, Susie Jm Ward, Audrey L Hicks
PURPOSE: (1) To determine the specific functional characteristics of individuals with neurological impairments that may predict successful use of Keeogo™ dermoskeleton and (2) to quantify the specific benefit Keeogo™ provides to a regular user of the device. METHODS: Thirteen individuals (seven males; six females; 52 ± 4.6 years old) with mobility impairments due to neurological disease or injury were recruited. Berg Balance Sale (BBS) score and Timed Up and Go (TUG) performance were used to identify baseline characteristics in participants...
November 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091527/comparing-class-based-and-home-based-exercise-for-older-adults-with-chronic-health-conditions-12-month-follow-up-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Koren L Fisher, Bruce A Reeder, Elizabeth L Harrison, Brenda G Bruner, Nigel L Ashworth, Punam Pahwa, Nazmi Sari, M Suzanne Sheppard, Christopher A Shields, Karen E Chad
OBJECTIVE: To assess the maintenance of physical activity (PA) and health gains among participants in a class-based (CB) or home-based (HB) PA intervention over a 12-month study period. METHODS: 172 adults over age 50 were randomly allocated to either a CB or HB intervention, each involving an intensive 3-month phase with 9 months follow-up. Measures at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months included: self-reported PA and health, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), blood pressure, cardiovascular endurance (6MWT), physical function, and functional fitness (SFT)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081392/hybrid-assistive-limb-exoskeleton-hal%C3%A2-in-the-rehabilitation-of-chronic-sci-proof-of-concept-the-results-of-21-patients
#19
Oliver Jansen, Dennis Grasmuecke, Renate C Meindl, Martin Tegenthoff, Peter Schwenkreis, Matthias Sczesny-Kaiser, Martin Wessling, Thomas A Schildhauer, Christian Fisahn, Mirko Aach
INTRODUCTION: The use of mobile exoskeletons is becoming more and more common in the field of spinal cord injury rehabilitation. The hybrid assistive limb exoskeleton (HAL) provides a tailored support depending on the patient's voluntary drive. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After a pilot study which included 8 chronic SCI patients (2014), this study of 21 chronic SCI patients serves as a proof of concept. It was conducted to provide further evidence regarding the efficacy of exoskeletal-based rehabilitation...
October 25, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080964/effects-of-an-individualized-home-based-unsupervised-aerobic-training-on-body-composition-and-physiological-parameters-in-obese-adults-are-independent-of-gender
#20
G P Emerenziani, M C Gallotta, S Migliaccio, D Ferrari, E A Greco, F J Saavedra, S Iazzoni, A Aversa, L M Donini, A Lenzi, C Baldari, L Guidetti
PURPOSE: Evaluation of the effects of an individualized home-based unsupervised aerobic training on body composition, physical and physiological parameters in female and male obese adults. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty obese adults (age 47.9 ± 12.4 years; BMI 38.0 ± 7.2 kg/m(2)) entered the 4-month training program. Body composition, physiological and functional capacities were assessed pre- and post-intervention. All subjects were requested to perform unsupervised aerobic training with the intensity based on heart rate, walking speed and OMNI-RPE score corresponding to the individual ventilatory threshold for at least 5 days/week...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
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