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Cardiovascular rehabilitation

Floriana Caccamo, Simone Saltini, Enrico Carella, Roberto Carlon, Cristina Marogna, Vito Sava
Research on heart disease have found a strong and consistent evidence of association between some psychosocial risk factors, including depression, anxiety, self-efficacy, lack of social support and outcome of disease. Depression increases the risk of cardiac death and is highly predictive of reduced adherence to recommended treatments; anxiety appears to be linked to adverse cardiac outcomes. It was demonstrated that Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) leads to substantial improvements and positive outcomes because combines the prescription of physical activity with the modification of risk factors and aims to reduce symptoms related to the disease and the risk of new cardiovascular events...
January 29, 2018: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Yanhua Wu, Yuanhan Chen, Shaowen Li, Wei Dong, Huaban Liang, Miaoyi Deng, Yingnan Chen, Shixin Chen, Xinling Liang
PURPOSE: To investigate the application value of "electronic alerts" ("e-alerts") for acute kidney injury (AKI) among high-risk wards of hospitals. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled study was conducted. We developed an e-alert system for AKI and ran the system in intensive care units and divisions focusing on cardiovascular disease. The e-alert system diagnosed AKI automatically based on serum creatinine levels. Patients were assigned randomly to an e-alert group (467 patients) or non-e-alert group (408 patients)...
March 19, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
Deirdre M J Walsh, Kieran Moran, Veronique Cornelissen, Roselien Buys, Jomme Claes, Paolo Zampognaro, Fabio Melillo, Nicos Maglaveras, Ioanna Chouvarda, Andreas Triantafyllidis, Dimitris Filos, Catherine B Woods
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a leading cause of premature death worldwide. International guidelines recommend routine delivery of all phases of cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Uptake of traditional CR remains suboptimal, as attendance at formal hospital-based CR programs is low, with community-based CR rates and individual long-term exercise maintenance even lower. Home-based CR programs have been shown to be equally effective in clinical and health-related quality of life outcomes and yet are not readily available...
March 15, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Richard Powell, Gordon McGregor, Stuart Ennis, Peter K Kimani, Martin Underwood
OBJECTIVES: To determine the contemporary effectiveness of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in terms of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality and hospital admissions. DATA SOURCES: Studies included in or meeting the entry criteria for the 2016 Cochrane review of exercise-based CR in patients with coronary artery disease. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of exercise-based CR versus a no-exercise control whose participants were recruited after the year 2000...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Luis R Castellanos, Omar Viramontes, Nainjot K Bains, Ignacio A Zepeda
PURPOSE: Despite the well-described benefits of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on long-term health outcomes, CR is a resource that is underutilized by a significant proportion of patients that suffer from cardiovascular diseases. The main purpose of this study was to examine disparities in CR referral and participation rates among individuals from rural communities and racial and ethnic minority groups with coronary heart disease (CHD) when compared to the general population. METHODS: A systematic search of standard databases including MedlLine, PubMed, and Cochrane databases was conducted using keywords that included cardiac rehabilitation, women, race and ethnicity, disparities, and rural populations...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Bedowra Zabeen, Ana Margarida Balsa, Nasreen Islam, Mukta Parveen, Jebun Nahar, Kishwar Azad
Introduction: Dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia are metabolic abnormalities commonly found in young patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and both increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Methods: This cross-sectional study was aimed to evaluate the pattern of dyslipidemia and its relationship with other risk factors in children and adolescents with T1DM. A total of 576 T1DM patients aged 10-18 years who attended Changing Diabetes in Children, a pediatric diabetes clinic in Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation for Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders over 1 year period from July 2015 to June 2016 were included in this study...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Izabela Wróblewska, Iwona Zborowska, Anna Dąbek, Robert Susło, Zuzanna Wróblewska, Jarosław Drobnik
Background: The incidence of chronic diseases increases with age; about 73% of people who are aged ≥60 years suffer from at least 1 chronic disease, and among those older than 70 years, chronic diseases afflict more than >84% of the population. According to epidemiological data, at least 4 chronic disease types coexist in senior citizens, causing their disability. These are mainly cardiovascular diseases; motor system diseases; ophthalmological, auditory, neurological, and mental diseases; and mental impairment...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Sherry L Grace, Jose R Medina-Inojosa, Randal J Thomas, Heather Krause, Kristin S Vickers-Douglas, Brian A Palmer, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez
BACKGROUND: To assess use of antidepressants by class in relation to cardiology practice recommendations, and the association of antidepressant use with the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) including death. METHODS: This is a historical cohort study of all patients who completed cardiac rehabilitation (CR) between 2002 and 2012 in a major CR center. Participants completed the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) at the start and end of the program...
March 13, 2018: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Jonas Verbrugghe, Anouk Agten, Bert O Eijnde, Enzo Olivieri, Xavier Huybrechts, Henk Seelen, Frank Vandenabeele, Annick Timmermans
BACKGROUND: Although low to moderate intensity exercise therapy is a predominant part of rehabilitation in nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP), effect sizes are small and optimal exercise modalities/intensities are unclear. Conversely, effects of high intensity training have not yet been investigated in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of high intensity training (HIT) and to explore the magnitude of the effects of a HIT program may have on exercise capacity and disease related outcome measures compared to conventional therapy for persons with NSCLBP...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Shih-Yi Lin, Der-Cherng Chen, Cheng-Li Lin, Han-Chung Lee, Tsung-Chih Lin, I-Kuan Wang, Chung-Y Hsu, Chia-Hung Kao
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cervical spondylosis (CS) is reported to be associated with increased sympathetic activity and hypertension. However, the cardiovascular (CV) outcomes of patients with CS are largely unknown. METHODS: A national insurance claims dataset of 22 million enrollees in Taiwan during 1999-2010 was used as the research database. We identified 27,948 patients with CS and age-, sex-, and comorbidity-matched controls. By using multivariate logistic regression analysis after adjustment for potential cardiovascular (CV) confounders, we calculated odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to quantify the association between CS and acute coronary syndrome (ACS)...
March 1, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Federica Sancassiani, Sergio Machado, Antonio Preti
People with severe psychosocial disabilities have a 20-years shorter lifespan due to chronic somatic comorbidities and the long-term consequences of the side-effects of antipsychotic drugs. They often are sedentary and show lower levels of physical activity, factors which can contribute to their shorter lifespan, because of the greater cardiovascular risk. An increasing amount of evidence, including clinical trials, pointed out that sport, physical activity and structured exercise programs improve physical and psychological wellbeing of people with psychosocial disabilities, playing also an important role against their social isolation and self-stigma...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Michael Goldfarb, Lior Bibas, L Kristin Newby, Timothy D Henry, Jason Katz, Sean van Diepen, Bojan Cercek
BACKGROUND: Quality indicators (QIs) are increasingly used in cardiovascular care as measures of performance but there is currently no consensus on indicators for the cardiovascular intensive care unit (CICU). METHODS: We searched Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, and COCHRANE databases from inception until October 2016 and websites for organizations involved in quality measurement for QIs relevant to cardiovascular disease in an intensive or critical care setting. We surveyed 14 expert cardiac intensivist-administrators (7 European; 7 North American) on the importance and relevance of each indicator as a measure of CICU care quality using a scale of 1 (=lowest) to 10 (=highest)...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Harry M Lightsey, David E Kantrowitz, Hasani W Swindell, David P Trofa, Christopher S Ahmad, T Sean Lynch
Background: The optimal postoperative rehabilitation protocol following repair of complete proximal hamstring tendon ruptures is the subject of ongoing investigation, with a need for more standardized regimens and evidence-based modalities. Purpose: To assess the variability across proximal hamstring tendon repair rehabilitation protocols published online by United States (US) orthopaedic teaching programs. Study Design: Cross-sectional study...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
O Galera, D Bajon, Z Maoz, C Lussagnet, A Tadiotto, T Babin
INTRODUCTION: Nicotine replacement therapies remain the main validated treatment to stop smoking. Nevertheless, treatment acceptance deals with patients negative representations. This "nicotinophobia" could be the main barrier to treatment acceptance and as a consequence would be at the origin of numerous failures of smoking cessation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We estimated the efficiency of an educational collective workshop to fight against nicotinophobia in patients smokers hospitalized for cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation...
March 1, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
Sara Maldonado-Martín, Jon Ander Jayo-Montoya, Tatiana Matajira-Chia, Beatriz Villar-Zabala, Juan José Goiriena, G Rodrigo Aispuru
BACKGROUND: Exercise therapy has long been used for rehabilitation purposes after myocardial infarction (MI) and the benefit of regular physical exercise is also well-established. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been proposed to be more effective than continuous exercise for improving exercise capacity and health-related adaptations to low-volume (LV) and HIIT are also known. Furthermore, the Mediterranean diet (Mediet) has been widely reported to be a model of healthy eating for its contribution to a favorable health status and a better quality of life, reducing overall mortality...
March 2, 2018: Trials
Dominique Hansen, Gustavo Rovelo Ruiz, Patrick Doherty, Marie-Christine Iliou, Tom Vromen, Sally Hinton, Ines Frederix, Matthias Wilhelm, Jean-Paul Schmid, Ana Abreu, Marco Ambrosetti, Esteban Garcia-Porrero, Karin Coninx, Paul Dendale
Background Although disease-specific exercise guidelines for cardiovascular disease (CVD) are widely available, it remains uncertain whether these different exercise guidelines are integrated properly for patients with different CVDs. The aim of this study was to assess the inter-clinician variance in exercise prescription for patients with various CVDs and to compare these prescriptions with recommendations from the EXercise Prescription in Everyday practice and Rehabilitative Training (EXPERT) tool, a digital decision support system for integrated state-of-the-art exercise prescription in CVD...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Meena Bhardwaj, Jennifer Price, Mireille Landry, Paula Harvey, Jennifer M Hensel
PURPOSE: Depression comorbid with cardiovascular disease is associated with higher rates of morbidity and mortality, with studies suggesting that this is especially true among women. This study examined depressive symptoms and their relationship to cardiac risk factors among women referred to a women's cardiac rehabilitation and primary prevention program. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data collected between 2004 and 2014 for 1075 women who completed a baseline assessment at the Women's Cardiovascular Health Initiative, a women-only cardiac rehabilitation and prevention program in Toronto, Canada...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
R Krzyminiewski, G Mrozińska, B Dobosz
OBJECTIVES: The diet and lifestyle affect our life. Inadequate nutrition can cause various diseases including cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to show the correlations between the fruit and vegetable diet and high signal resolution pulse wave parameters. DESIGN: This was an observational study. SETTINGS: The study was done during two-weeks rehabilitation treatment. PARTICIPANTS: In this study 154 people using the fruit and vegetable diet have been examined...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Jose R Medina-Inojosa, John A Batsis, Marta Supervia, Virend K Somers, Randal J Thomas, Sarah Jenkins, Chassidy Grimes, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez
We aimed to assess the association between measures of obesity and outcomes in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. We included consecutive patients referred to cardiac rehabilitation for previous CAD events, who were classified using body mass index (BMI) groups and gender-specific tertiles of waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). Follow-up was ascertained using a population-based, record linkage system. Major cardiovascular event (MACE) was defined as the composite outcome including acute coronary syndromes, coronary revascularization, ventricular arrhythmias, stroke, or death from any cause...
February 2, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Nishant P Shah, Ahmed AbuHaniyeh, Haitham Ahmed
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular (CV) disease remains the leading cause of death in the USA despite major advances in its treatment. With time, cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs have gathered interest to help increase CV health and improve functional status after a CV event. Patients with heart failure have also been shown to benefit. In this review, we will evaluate the current literature showcasing the benefits of CR, particularly in patients with heart failure, discuss current limitations, and avenues for future investigation...
February 24, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
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