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Cardiovascular rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214400/association-between-bisphosphonate-therapy-and-outcomes-from-rehabilitation-in-older-people
#1
James A Goodbrand, Lloyd D Hughes, Lynda Cochrane, Peter T Donnan, Mark McGilchrist, Helen Frost, Marion E T McMurdo, Miles D Witham
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonate therapy may have actions beyond bone, including effects on cardiovascular, immune and muscle function. We tested whether bisphosphonate treatment is associated with improved outcomes in older people undergoing inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: Analysis of prospectively collected, linked routine clinical datasets. Participants were divided into never users of bisphosphonates, use prior to rehabilitation only, use after rehabilitation only, and current users (use before and after rehabilitation)...
February 11, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208601/surgical-neurostimulation-for-spinal-cord-injury
#2
REVIEW
Aswin Chari, Ian D Hentall, Marios C Papadopoulos, Erlick A C Pereira
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating neurological condition characterized by a constellation of symptoms including paralysis, paraesthesia, pain, cardiovascular, bladder, bowel and sexual dysfunction. Current treatment for SCI involves acute resuscitation, aggressive rehabilitation and symptomatic treatment for complications. Despite the progress in scientific understanding, regenerative therapies are lacking. In this review, we outline the current state and future potential of invasive and non-invasive neuromodulation strategies including deep brain stimulation (DBS), spinal cord stimulation (SCS), motor cortex stimulation (MCS), transcutaneous direct current stimulation (tDCS) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the context of SCI...
February 10, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196528/exploring-the-impact-of-financial-barriers-on-secondary-prevention-of-heart-disease
#3
Kirnvir K Dhaliwal, Kathryn King-Shier, Braden J Manns, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, James A Stone, David J T Campbell
BACKGROUND: Patients with coronary artery disease experience various barriers which impact their ability to optimally manage their condition. Financial barriers may result in cost related non-adherence to medical therapies and recommendations, impacting patient health outcomes. Patient experiences regarding financial barriers remain poorly understood. Therefore, we used qualitative methods to explore the experience of financial barriers to care among patients with heart disease. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative descriptive study of participants in Alberta, Canada with heart disease (n = 13) who perceived financial barriers to care...
February 14, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190984/study-of-high-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-hs-crp-after-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-in-patients-undergoing-isolated-cabg
#4
Adel Johari Moghadam, Saied Azizinejad
INTRODUCTION: Although cardiac rehabilitation is known as a tool to reduce the overall risk of cardiovascular complications, its specific role in the reduction of hs-CRP as a marker of inflammation and a proven marker of cardiovascular risk needs further investigation. AIM: The present study aims at elucidating the effects of a full course of conventional cardiac rehabilitation program for the period of eight weeks, on the levels of hs-CRP in patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass surgery...
December 2016: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187054/effects-of-an-8-week-aerobic-dance-program-on-health-related-fitness-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#5
Shu-Li Cheng, Huey-Fang Sun, Mei-Ling Yeh
BACKGROUND: Both psychiatric symptoms and the side effects of medication significantly affect patients with schizophrenia. These effects frequently result in a sedentary lifestyle and weight gain, which increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and premature death. PURPOSE: This study developed an aerobic dance program for patients with schizophrenia and then evaluated the effect of this program on health-related fitness outcomes. METHODS: An experimental research design was used...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175283/european-heart-rhythm-association-ehra-european-association-of-cardiovascular-prevention-and-rehabilitation-eacpr-position-paper-on-how-to-prevent-atrial-fibrillation-endorsed-by-the-heart-rhythm-society-hrs-and-asia-pacific-heart-rhythm-society-aphrs
#6
Bulent Gorenek, Antonio Pelliccia, Emelia J Benjamin, Giuseppe Boriani, Harry J Crijns, Richard I Fogel, Isabelle C Van Gelder, Martin Halle, Gulmira Kudaiberdieva, Deirdre A Lane, Torben Bjerregaard Larsen, Gregory Y H Lip, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Francisco Marín, Josef Niebauer, Prashanthan Sanders, Lale Tokgozoglu, Marc A Vos, David R Van Wagoner, Laurent Fauchier, Irina Savelieva, Andreas Goette, Stefan Agewall, Chern-En Chiang, Márcio Figueiredo, Martin Stiles, Timm Dickfeld, Kristen Patton, Massimo Piepoli, Ugo Corra, Pedro Manuel Marques-Vidal, Pompilio Faggiano, Jean-Paul Schmid, Ana Abreu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174436/cardiovascular-response-to-bouts-of-exercise-with-blood-flow-restriction
#7
Kestutis Bunevicius, Arturas Sujeta, Kristina Poderiene, Birute Zachariene, Viktoras Silinskas, Rimantas Minkevicius, Jonas Poderys
[Purpose] Occlusion training with low-intensity resistance exercises and blood flow restriction increases muscle cross-sectional area and strength. This form of training is used in rehabilitation; therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of one occlusion training session on the cardiovascular response to bouts of exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Two groups took part: a control group without blood flow restriction and an experimental group with blood flow restriction. A single training session was used with the exercise intensity set at 40% of the one repetition maximum...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173855/burden-screening-and-treatment-of-depressive-and-anxious-symptoms-among-women-referred-to-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-prospective-study
#8
Megan C Hurley, Heather M Arthur, Caroline Chessex, Paul Oh, Karam Turk-Adawi, Sherry L Grace
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among women. Women with CVD experience a greater burden of psychosocial distress than men, and practice guidelines promote screening in cardiac patients, especially women. The objectives herein were to describe the burden of psychosocial distress, extent of screening, forms of treatment, and whether receipt of treatment was related to psychosocial distress symptom severity at follow-up, among women...
February 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169984/examining-patient-outcome-quality-indicators-based-on-wait-time-from-referral-to-entry-into-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-pilot-observational-study
#9
Dustin Scott Kehler, Dave Kent, Julie Beaulac, Leisha Strachan, Nilu Wangasekara, Soyun Chapman, Brett Hiebert, Darlene Lamont, Neal Lerner, Sue Boreskie, Lorraine Avery, Todd A Duhamel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether meeting the Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) ≤60-day wait time from cardiac rehabilitation (CR) referral to enrollment is associated with CCS patient-level quality indicator outcomes. METHODS: This pilot observational study consisted of 69 participants entering CR separated into 2 groups based on wait time (≤60-day, n = 45; >60-day, n = 24). Data were collected at baseline, and 1, 4 (CR completion), 6, and 12 months after baseline...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160245/lipoprotein-a-hyperlipoproteinemia-as-cause-of-chronic-spinal-cord-ischemia-resulting-in-progressive-myelopathy-successful-treatment-with-lipoprotein-apheresis
#10
Franz Heigl, Reinhard Hettich, Erich Mauch, Reinhard Klingel, Cordula Fassbender
High concentrations of lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) represent an important independent and causal risk factor associated with adverse outcome in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD). Effective Lp(a) lowering drug treatment is not available. Lipoprotein apheresis (LA) has been proven to prevent cardiovascular events in patients with Lp(a)-hyperlipoproteinemia (Lp(a)-HLP) and progressive CVD. Here we present the course of a male patient with established peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) at the early age of 41 and coronary artery disease (CAD), who during follow-up developed over 2 years a progressive syndrome of cerebellar and spinal cord deficits against the background of multifactorial cardiovascular risk including positive family history of CVD...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152436/an-individualized-coaching-program-for-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-feasibility-study
#11
P Vanacker, D Standaert, N Libbrecht, I Vansteenkiste, D Bernard, L Yperzeele, G Vanhooren
OBJECTIVES: An individualized stroke care program was developed to match patients' education with their needs regarding stroke knowledge, secondary prevention and rehabilitation. Our purpose was to assess feasibility of in-hospital and post-discharge, personalized stroke coaching service. METHODS: Acute ischemic stroke patients enrolled in ASTRAL-B stroke registry (Sint-Lucashospital, Bruges Belgium) with: (a) hospitalization between 12/2014-12/2015, (b) hospital-to-home discharge, and (c) without cognitive decline, were selected...
January 24, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150485/obesity-and-cardiovascular-diseases
#12
Sergey Kachur, Carl J Lavie, Alban DE Schutter, Richard V Milani, Hector O Ventura
Obesity is increasingly more common in post-industrial societies, and the burden of childhood obesity is increasing. The major effects of obesity on cardiovascular (CV) health are mediated through the risk of metabolic syndrome (insulin-resistance, dyslipidemia, and hypertension), such that an absence of these risk factors in obese individuals may not be associated with increased mortality risk. In individuals already diagnosed with chronic CV disease (CVD), the overweight and class I obese have significant associations with improved survival...
February 1, 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144415/acute-cardiovascular-and-hemodynamic-responses-to-low-intensity-eccentric-resistance-exercise-with-blood-flow-restriction
#13
Behzad Bazgir, Mojtaba Rezazadeh Valojerdi, Hamid Rajabi, Rouhollah Fathi, Seyed Mojtaba Ojaghi, Mohammad Kazem Emami Meybodi, Gabriel R Neto, Mostafa Rahimi, Alireza Asgari
BACKGROUND: Recently it has been suggested that low intensity (LI) resistance exercise (RE) alone or in combination with blood flow restriction (BFR) can be applied for cardiovascular function improvement or rehabilitation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the acute effects of LI eccentric RE with and without BFR on heart rate (HR), rate pressure product (RPP), blood pressure (BP) parameters [systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressure (MAP)], oxygen saturation (SpO2) and rate of perceived exertion (RPE)...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129515/association-between-cardiovascular-diseases-and-mobility-in-persons-with-lower-limb-amputation-a-systematic-review
#14
Sara Kaptein, Jan H B Geertzen, Pieter U Dijkstra
PURPOSE: Persons requiring a lower limb amputation often have cardiovascular diseases that reduce cardiac function, which may complicate recovery and rehabilitation after an amputation. This systematic review analysis the association between cardiovascular diseases and mobility in persons with a lower limb amputation. METHOD: Four databases were searched for studies published before August 2016 using database-specific keywords and synonyms for amputation, cardiovascular diseases and mobility...
January 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123763/does-cardiac-rehabilitation-meet-minimum-standards-an-observational-study-using-uk-national-audit
#15
Patrick Doherty, Ahmad Salman, Gill Furze, Hasnain M Dalal, Alexander Harrison
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent by which programmes meet national minimum standards for the delivery of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) as part of the National Certification Programme for Cardiovascular Rehabilitation (NCP_CR). METHODS: The analysis used UK National Audit of Cardiac Rehabilitation (NACR) data extracted and validated for the period 2013-2014 set against six NCP_CR measures deemed as important for the delivery of high-quality CR programmes. Each programme that achieved a single minimum standard was given a score of 1...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119843/influence-of-low-peak-respiratory-exchange-ratio-on-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#16
Chul Kim, Hee Eun Choi, Ki Hoon Lee, Young Joo Kim, Sang Jae Lee
OBJECTIVE: To compare and analyze the effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in two groups based on the peak respiratory exchange ratio (RERpeak) 1.1 values using the exercise tolerance test (ETT) results, and to investigate the reasons for early termination of ETT. METHODS: Patients with acute coronary syndrome who participated in CR exercise training were selected and all subjects underwent 6 weeks of CR exercise training. ETT was performed on a treadmill using a Modified Bruce Protocol before and after CR exercise training...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116463/-music-pulse-heart-and-sport
#17
REVIEW
E R Gasenzer, R Leischik
Music, with its various elements, such as rhythm, sound and melody had the unique ability even in prehistoric, ancient and medieval times to have a special fascination for humans. Nowadays, it is impossible to eliminate music from our daily lives. We are accompanied by music in shopping arcades, on the radio, during sport or leisure time activities and in wellness therapy. Ritualized drumming was used in the medical sense to drive away evil spirits or to undergo holy enlightenment. Today we experience the varied effects of music on all sensory organs and we utilize its impact on cardiovascular and neurological rehabilitation, during invasive cardiovascular procedures or during physical activities, such as training or work...
January 23, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096844/influence-of-an-extended-education-program-on-the-knowledge-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-subjects-undergoing-rehabilitation-following-acute-coronary-syndrome
#18
Wojciech S Kapko, Łukasz J Krzych
INTRODUCTION: Health education is a component of complex cardiac rehabilitation (CCR). AIM: To evaluate the influence of an authorial extended educational program on the knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors among subjects undergoing early in-hospital rehabilitation following acute coronary syndrome treated with percutaneous intervention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study covered 205 consecutive subjects (153 men and 52 women, aged 62 ±9 years) undergoing CCR...
December 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094128/lessons-from-contemporary-trials-of-cardiovascular-prevention-and-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Gijs van Halewijn, Jaap Deckers, Hung Yong Tay, Ron van Domburg, Kornelia Kotseva, David Wood
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses of cardiac rehabilitation trials up to 2010 showed a significant reduction in all-cause mortality but many of these trials were conducted before the modern management of acute coronary syndromes. METHODS: We undertook a meta-analysis of contemporary randomised controlled trials published in the period 2010 to 2015, including patients with other forms of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, to investigate the impact of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation on hard outcomes including survival...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093924/effects-of-an-adapted-cardiac-rehabilitation-programme-on-arterial-stiffness-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-without-cardiac-disease-diagnosis
#20
Anka P Brozic, Susan Marzolini, Jack M Goodman
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of a 12-week cardiac rehabilitation programme of aerobic and resistance exercise training on arterial stiffness, peak calf vasodilatory reserve, and haemostatic markers in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Observational cohort study examining effects of 12 weeks of exercise training in 23 subjects (13 men, 10 women; mean age of 56.1 ± 10.1 years) with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Subjects performed exercise training for 12 weeks [aerobic training 5 days/week, 70%-75% peak cardiovascular fitness (VO2peak) and resistance training 2-3 days/week, 60% of one repetition maximum]...
January 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
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