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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343170/mirnas-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-snps-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-amd
#1
John Paul SanGiovanni, Peter M SanGiovanni, Przemysław Sapieha, Vincent De Guire
Advanced age-related macular degeneration (AAMD) is a complex sight-threating disease of public health significance. Micro RNAs (miRNAs) have been proposed as biomarkers for AAMD. The presence of certain single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may influence the explanatory value of these biomarkers. Here we present findings from an integrated approach used to determine whether AAMD-associated SNPs have the capacity to influence miRNA-mRNA pairing and, if so, to what extent such pairing may be manifested in a discrete AAMD transcriptome...
March 27, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339495/microrna-expression-profiles-identify-disease-specific-alterations-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#2
Ji-Qing Chen, Gábor Papp, Szilárd Póliska, Krisztina Szabó, Tünde Tarr, Bálint László Bálint, Péter Szodoray, Margit Zeher
The discovery of microRNAs (miRNAs) and their critical role in genetic control opened new avenues in understanding of various biological processes including immune cell lineage commitment, differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. However, a given miRNA may have hundreds of different mRNA targets and a target might be regulated by multiple miRNAs, thus the characterisation of dysregulated miRNA expression profiles could give a better insight into the development of immunological disturbances in autoimmune diseases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338203/mir-155-regulates-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-tca8113-cell-proliferation-cycle-and-apoptosis-via-regulating-p27kip1
#3
S Fu, H-H Chen, P Cheng, C-B Zhang, Y Wu
OBJECTIVE: P27Kip1 is the one of the negative regulators of the cell cycle that plays an important role in regulating cell cycle and inhibiting cell proliferation by restraining cell in G1 phase. P27Kip1 downregulation maybe related to the occurrence of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). It was found that miR-155 significantly upregulated in OSCC tissue. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that miR-155 may bind with the 3'-UTR of p27Kip1. This study investigated the role of miR-155 in regulating p27Kip1 and affecting Tca8113 cell proliferation, cycle, and apoptosis...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338193/oncogenic-mir-155-down-regulated-upon-activation-of-antitumor-cytotoxic-t-lymphocytes-by-the-fusion-of-dendritic-cells-with-breast-carcinoma-cells
#4
J Zhang, Y Li
OBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs has been proved to play vital roles in many biological processes. In the present study, the expression profile of oncogenic miR-155 in the activated antitumor cytotoxic T lymphocytes generated by the fusion of dendritic cells with breast carcinoma cells has been demonstrated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression profile of oncogenic miR-155 was noted in antitumor cytotoxic T lymphocytes, which was generated by the fusion of dendritic cells (DC) with breast carcinoma cells (MCF-7)...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328945/mirnas-in-the-vitreous-humor-of-patients-affected-by-idiopathic-epiretinal-membrane-and-macular-hole
#5
Andrea Russo, Marco Ragusa, Cristina Barbagallo, Antonio Longo, Teresio Avitabile, Maurizio G Uva, Vincenza Bonfiglio, Mario D Toro, Rosario Caltabiano, Cesare Mariotti, Francesco Boscia, Mario Romano, Cinzia Di Pietro, Davide Barbagallo, Michele Purrello, Michele Reibaldi
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to assess the expression of miRNAs in the Vitreous Humor (VH) of patients with Macular Hole (MH) and Epiretinal Membrane (ERM) compared to a control group. METHODS: In this prospective, comparative study, 2-ml of VH was extracted from the core of the vitreous chamber in consecutive patients who underwent standard vitrectomy for ERM and MH. RNA was extracted and TaqMan® Low Density Arrays (TLDAs) were used to profile the transcriptome of 754 miRNAs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324113/microrna-expression-patterns-involved-in-amyloid-beta-induced-retinal-degeneration
#6
Peirong Huang, Junran Sun, Fenghua Wang, Xueting Luo, Jingyang Feng, Qing Gu, Te Liu, Xiaodong Sun
Purpose: Dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is characterized by the accumulation of drusen under Bruch's membrane, and amyloid beta (Aβ) is speculated to be one of the key pathologic factors. While the detrimental effects of Aβ on retinas have been widely explored, Aβ-induced epigenetic regulatory changes have yet to be fully investigated. We therefore aimed to identify the microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles in an Aβ-induced mouse model of retinal degeneration. Methods: C57BL/6 mice were intravitreally injected with Aβ1-40 or PBS and the eye tissues were collected for hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, apoptosis immunofluorescence staining, and miRNA profiling...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319523/plasma-levels-of-microrna-155-are-upregulated-with-long-term-left-ventricular-assist-device-support
#7
Teresa Wang, Emily C OʼBrien, Joseph G Rogers, Daniel L Jacoby, Michael E Chen, Jeffrey M Testani, Dawn E Bowles, Carmelo A Milano, G Michael Felker, Chetan B Patel, Pramod N Bonde, Tariq Ahmad
Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy unloads the failing heart but exposes the human body to unique pathophysiological demands such as continuous blood-flow and complete univentricular support, which are associated with increased risk of adverse clinical outcomes. MiRNAs are 22-23 nucleotide RNAs involved in regulation of multiple biological processes including the pathogenesis of heart failure (HF). Thus, measurement of miRNAs may have potential in both diagnostics as circulating biomarkers, and in therapeutics for targeted interventions...
March 17, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319200/induction-of-immunomodulatory-mir-146a-and-mir-155-in-small-intestinal-epithelium-of-vibrio-cholerae-infected-patients-at-acute-stage-of-cholera
#8
Aziz Bitar, Rituparna De, Silvia Melgar, Kyaw Min Aung, Arman Rahman, Firdausi Qadri, Sun Nyunt Wai, Tahmina Shirin, Marie-Louise Hammarström
The potential immunomodulatory role of microRNAs in small intestine of patients with acute watery diarrhea caused by Vibrio cholerae O1 or enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infection was investigated. Duodenal biopsies were obtained from study-participants at the acute (day 2) and convalescent (day 21) stages of disease, and from healthy individuals. Levels of miR-146a, miR-155 and miR-375 and target gene (IRAK1, TRAF6, CARD10) and 11 cytokine mRNAs were determined by qRT-PCR. The cellular source of microRNAs in biopsies was analyzed by in situ hybridization...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316102/tumor-suppressor-ptprj-is-a-target-of-mir-155-in-colorectal-cancer
#9
Xiao-Fei Zhang, Rongfu Tu, Keke Li, Pengxiang Ye, Xiaofeng Cui
PTPRJ is known for its antiproliferative role. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of PTPRJ has frequently been observed in various human cancers including colorectal cancer (CRC), lung cancer and breast cancer. However, the function and mechanism of PTPRJ in CRC is not well understood. At the present study, we show that ectopic expression of PTPRJ inhibits cell growth, migration and invasiveness in CRC cell line HCT116. Moreover, PTPRJ inhibits the tumorigenecity of HCT116 in a xenograft tumor model. MiR-155, the well-known oncomiR in CRC, is identified as an upstream factor of PTPRJ...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304379/development-of-bioluminescent-chick-chorioallantoic-membrane-cam-models-for-primary-pancreatic-cancer-cells-a-platform-for-drug-testing
#10
Maria Rovithi, Amir Avan, Niccola Funel, Leticia G Leon, Valentina E Gomez, Thomas Wurdinger, Arjan W Griffioen, Henk M W Verheul, Elisa Giovannetti
The aim of the present study was to develop chick-embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) bioluminescent tumor models employing low passage cell cultures obtained from primary pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells. Primary PDAC cells transduced with lentivirus expressing Firefly-luciferase (Fluc) were established and inoculated onto the CAM membrane, with >80% engraftment. Fluc signal reliably correlated with tumor growth. Tumor features were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and genetic analyses, including analysis of mutations and mRNA expression of PDAC pivotal genes, as well as microRNA (miRNA) profiling...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292330/microrna-expression-profiles-in-human-cd3-t-cells-following-stimulation-with-anti-human-cd3-antibodies
#11
Isabel Garcia Sousa, Manuela Maragno do Almo, Kelly Cristina Rodrigues Simi, Maryani Andressa Gomes Bezerra, Rosângela Vieira Andrade, Andréa Queiroz Maranhão, Marcelo Macedo Brigido
BACKGROUND: Anti-CD3 therapy can induce immunosuppression by several non mutually exclusive mechanisms that have been proposed to explain the therapeutic effect the administration anti-CD3 mAb, but its immunoregulatory mechanism is still not completely clear. In T cells, microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate several pathways, including those associated with immune tolerance. Here, we report changes in miRNA expression in T cells following treatment with anti-human CD3 antibodies. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were cultured in the presence of the monoclonal antibody OKT3 or a recombinant fragment of humanized anti-CD3...
March 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281962/microrna-155-downregulation-promotes-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis-in-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#12
Fu-Qiang Zhu, Li Zeng, Na Tang, Ya-Ping Tang, Bo-Ping Zhou, Fang-Fang Li, Wei-Gang Wu, Xiao-Bing Zeng, Shu-Song Peng
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the adult population, and treatment of DLBCL is still unfavorable. Therefore, there is an urgent requirement to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying DLBCL tumorigenesis. To study the potential function of microRNA-155 (miR-155) involved in the regulation of lymphoma, we monitored lymphoma cell behavior including proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis using CCK-8 and flow cytometry analysis. Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression levels of miR-155 in 118 lymphoma patients' tissues, and Western blot was also used to analyze the expression level of proteins correlated with cell cycle and apoptosis in lymphoma cells...
October 27, 2016: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278287/a-comparative-study-of-the-characterization-of-mir-155-in-knockout-mice
#13
Dong Zhang, Yongchun Cui, Bin Li, Xiaokang Luo, Bo Li, Yue Tang
miR-155 is one of the most important miRNAs and plays a very important role in numerous biological processes. However, few studies have characterized this miRNA in mice under normal physiological conditions. We aimed to characterize miR-155 in vivo by using a comparative analysis. In our study, we compared miR-155 knockout (KO) mice with C57BL/6 wild type (WT) mice in order to characterize miR-155 in mice under normal physiological conditions using many evaluation methods, including a reproductive performance analysis, growth curve, ultrasonic estimation, haematological examination, and histopathological analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264607/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-curcumin-are-associated-with-down-regulating-microrna-155-in-lps-treated-macrophages-and-mice
#14
Feiya Ma, Fei Liu, Liang Ding, Ming You, Huimin Yue, Yujie Zhou, Yayi Hou
CONTEXT: The natural polyphenolic compound curcumin has been proved to modulate innate immune responses and possess anti-inflammatory properties. Nevertheless, the mechanism remains poorly understood, particularly regarding curcumin-regulated miRNAs under inflammatory response. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the role of miRNA-155 in the effects of curcumin on inflammatory response in cell and a mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anti-inflammatory activity of curcumin (5, 10 and 15 μM, 2 h) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 200 ng/mL)-induced cells were measured by quantitative PCR...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261609/correlation-between-mir-148-expression-in-vitreous-and-severity-of-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment
#15
Taichi Tsunekawa, Hiroki Kaneko, Kei Takayama, Shiang-Jyi Hwang, Akio Oishi, Yosuke Nagasaka, Fuxiang Ye, Takeshi Iwase, Norie Nonobe, Shinji Ueno, Yasuki Ito, Shunsuke Yasuda, Toshiyuki Matsuura, Hideyuki Shimizu, Ayana Suzumura, Keiko Kataoka, Hiroko Terasaki
Purpose. We had earlier reported positive hsa-miR-148a-3p expression in eyes with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and its involvement in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition of retinal pigment epithelium in vitro. Here we investigated the association of hsa-miR-148a-3p expression levels in the vitreous fluid of patients with RRD with severity of RRD. Methods. The hsa-miR-148a-3p expression levels in the vitreous fluid, range (degree) of retinal detachment (RD), and pixels of retinal break were measured in 27 eyes with RRD...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259135/mir-155-is-positively-regulated-by-cbx7-in-mouse-embryonic-fibroblasts-and-colon-carcinomas-and-targets-the-kras-oncogene
#16
Floriana Forzati, Marco De Martino, Francesco Esposito, Romina Sepe, Simona Pellecchia, Umberto Malapelle, Gianluca Pellino, Claudio Arra, Alfredo Fusco
BACKGROUND: Loss of CBX7 expression has been described in several malignant neoplasias, including human colon and thyroid carcinomas proposing CBX7 as a tumor suppressor gene with a key role in cancer progression. This role is supported from the development of benign and malignant neoplasias in Cbx7 null mice. The aim of our work has been to investigate the mechanisms underlying the CBX7 oncosuppressor activity by analyzing the microRNAs (miRNAs) regulated by CBX7. METHODS: The miRNA expression profiles of the mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) null for Cbx7 and the wild-type counterpart were analyzed by the miRNACHIP microarray and then validated by qRT-PCR...
March 4, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256712/the-oncogenic-role-of-mir-155-in-mycosis-fungoides-an-in-vitro-and-xenograft-mouse-model-study
#17
L Moyal, S Yehezkel, B Gorovitz, A Keren, A Gilhar, I Lubin, S Sherman, E Hodak
BACKGROUND: miR-155 contributes to the proliferation of mycosis fungoides (MF) in vitro and is upregulated in tumours of MF compared to early MF lesions. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the contribution of miR-155 to the cancerous phenotype and drug resistance of MF/Sezary cell lines. METHODS: miR-155 was inhibited in MF cell lines (MyLa and MJ) by transduction of miRZip anti-miR-155 and overexpressed in Hut78 cells by transduction of miRVec-miR-155; empty plasmids served as a control...
March 3, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251496/brg1-regulation-by-mir-155-in-human-leukemia-and-lymphoma-cell-lines
#18
M Cuadros, V Sánchez-Martín, A Herrera, C Baliñas, J Martín-Padrón, L Boyero, P Peinado, P P Medina
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: BRG1 is a key regulator of leukemia stem cells. Indeed, it has been observed that this type of cells is unable to divide, survive and develop new tumors when BRG1 is down-regulated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed BRG1 and miR-155 expression in 23 leukemia cell lines, and two no pathological lymphocyte samples using qPCR. MiR-155 transfection and western blot were used to analyze the relationship between miR-155 and its validated target, BRG1, by measuring protein expression levels...
March 1, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247149/mir-155-promotes-cutaneous-wound-healing-through-enhanced-keratinocytes-migration-by-mmp-2
#19
Longlong Yang, Zhao Zheng, Qin Zhou, Xiaozhi Bai, Lei Fan, Chen Yang, Linlin Su, Dahai Hu
Inflammation, re-epithelization and tissue remodeling are three essential steps during wound healing. The re-epithelization process plays the most important role which mainly involves keratinocyte proliferation and migration. miR-155 has been reported to participate in cell migration and transformation, however, its function in skin wound healing is largely unknown. Here we hypothesize that overexpression of miR-155 at wound edges could accelerate wound healing mediated by enhanced keratinocyte migration. To test this hypothesis, direct local injection of miR-155 expression plasmid to wound edges was conducted to overexpress miR-155 in vivo...
April 2017: Journal of Molecular Histology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246471/microrna-155-promotes-the-pathogenesis-of-experimental-colitis-by-repressing-ship-1-expression
#20
Zhan-Jun Lu, Jian-Jiong Wu, Wei-Liang Jiang, Jun-Hua Xiao, Kai-Zhong Tao, Lei Ma, Ping Zheng, Rong Wan, Xing-Peng Wang
AIM: To explore the mechanism by which microRNA-155 (miR-155) regulates the pathogenesis of experimental colitis. METHODS: A luciferase assay was performed to confirm the binding of miR-155 to the SHIP-1 3'-UTR. MiR-155 mimics, negative controls and SHIP-1 expression/knockdown vectors were established and then utilized in gain- and loss-of-function studies performed in raw264.7 cells and primary bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs). Thereafter, dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis mouse model with or without antagomiR-155 treatment was established, and the levels of miR-155 and SHIP-1, as well as the pro-inflammatory capabilities, were measured by western blot, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and immunohistochemistry...
February 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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