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miR 155

Mohammad Hashemi, Gholamreza Bahari, Shamim Sarhadi, Ebrahim Eskandari, Behzad Narouie, Mohsen Taheri, Saeid Ghavami
Growing evidence demonstrated the presence of an association between IL1A rs3783553 polymorphism and the risk of various cancers. We aimed to evaluate whether the 4-bp insertion/deletion polymorphism (rs3783553) within the 3' untranslated region (3'UTRs) of IL1A was associated to the risk of prostate cancer (PCa) in a sample of Iranian population. A case-control study, including 150 prostate cancer patients and 155 healthy men, was done to examine the possible association between IL1A 4-bp ins/del polymorphism and PCa risk in a sample of southeast Iranian population...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Mati Mann, Arnav Mehta, Jimmy L Zhao, Kevin Lee, Georgi K Marinov, Yvette Garcia-Flores, David Baltimore
The innate inflammatory response must be tightly regulated to ensure effective immune protection. NF-κB is a key mediator of the inflammatory response, and its dysregulation has been associated with immune-related malignancies. Here, we describe a miRNA-based regulatory network that enables precise NF-κB activity in mouse macrophages. Elevated miR-155 expression potentiates NF-κB activity in miR-146a-deficient mice, leading to both an overactive acute inflammatory response and chronic inflammation. Enforced miR-155 expression overrides miR-146a-mediated repression of NF-κB activation, thus emphasizing the dominant function of miR-155 in promoting inflammation...
October 11, 2017: Nature Communications
Jun Ge, Zuxiong Huang, Hongyan Liu, Jiehua Chen, Zhanglian Xie, Zide Chen, Jie Peng, Jian Sun, Jinlin Hou, Xiaoyong Zhang
MicroRNAs have been reported to be regulated in different ways in a variety of liver diseases. As a key modulator of cellular function in both innate and adaptive immunity, the role of miR-155 in chronic hepatitis B virus infection remains largely unknown. Here, we investigated the expression and function of miR-155 in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. It was found that miR-155 expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was lower in CHB patients than healthy controls (HC). Among CHB infection, immune-active (IA) patients with abnormal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels had relatively higher miR-155 expression in PBMCs and serum than immune-tolerant carriers, but were comparable to inactive carriers...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Petra Bašová, Michal Pešta, Marek Sochor, Tomáš Stopka
Oncogenic microRNAs (oncomiRs) accumulate in serum due to their increased stability and thus serve as biomarkers in breast cancer (BC) pathogenesis. Four oncogenic microRNAs (miR-155, miR-19a, miR-181b, and miR-24) and one tumor suppressor microRNA (let-7a) were shown to differentiate between high- and low-risk early breast cancer (EBC) and reflect the surgical tumor removal and adjuvant therapy. Here we applied the longitudinal multivariate data analyses to stochastically model the serum levels of each of the oncomiRs using the RT-PCR measurements in the EBC patients (N = 133) that were followed up 4 years after diagnosis...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Mónica S Pérez-Vázquez, Ángeles C Ochoa-Martínez, Tania RuÍz-Vera, Yesenia Araiza-Gamboa, Iván N Pérez-Maldonado
Recently, a great number of epidemiological studies have shown evidence that exposure to inorganic arsenic could have harmful effects on the cardiovascular system of humans. However, the underlying mechanisms through which arsenic induces cardiovascular toxic effects remain unclear. In this regard, epigenetic mechanisms have emerged as a probable connection between environment and disease phenotypes, including cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate epigenetic changes related to cardiotoxicity (miR-126 and miR-155 expression levels) in children from San Luis Potosi, Mexico exposed to inorganic arsenic...
October 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Kelsey R Bounds, Valorie L Chiasson, Lu J Pan, Sudhiranjan Gupta, Piyali Chatterjee
Our understanding of how microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene networks and affect different molecular pathways leading to various human pathologies has significantly improved over the years. In contrary, the role of miRNAs in pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders such as preeclampsia (PE) is only beginning to emerge. Recent papers highlight that adverse pregnancy outcomes are associated with aberrant expression of several miRNAs. Presently, efforts are underway to determine the biologic function of these placental miRNAs which can shed light on their contribution to these pregnancy-related disease conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Griet Conickx, Francisco Avila Cobos, Maarten van den Berge, Alen Faiz, Wim Timens, Pieter S Hiemstra, Guy F Joos, Guy G Brusselle, Pieter Mestdagh, Ken R Bracke
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by a progressive airflow limitation and is associated with a chronic inflammatory response in both airways and lungs. microRNAs (miRNAs) are often highly conserved between species and have an intricate role within homeostatic conditions and immune responses. Also, miRNAs are dysregulated in smoking-associated diseases. We investigated the miRNA profile of 523 miRNAs by stem-loop RT-qPCR in lung tissue and cell-free bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) supernatant of mice exposed to air or cigarette smoke (CS) for 4 or 24 weeks...
October 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
Zhicheng Fan, Qiaoxin Zhang, Huanzhu Chen, Ping He, Yazhen Li, Mengya Si, Xiaoyang Jiao
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype exerts a major influence on therapeutic response; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The aim of the study is to investigate the circulating microRNAs as the biomarkers to predict the response to therapy in chronic hepatitisC patients (HepC) with different genotypes. METHODS: HepC patients were separated into 4 groups by genotype, healthy individuals were enrolled as the control. microRNA-122 (miR-122), microRNA-155 (miR-155) and HCV RNA in serum and exosome were measured, associations between microRNAs, viral load and other conventional biomarkers were analyzed...
October 6, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
Haiguo Zhang, Chengfang Zhang, Rui Feng, Haixia Zhang, Min Gao, Ling Ye
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a common myelogenous malignancy in adults that is often characterized by disease relapse. The pathophysiological mechanism of AML has not yet been elucidated. The present study aimed to identify the crucial microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) and target genes in AML, and to uncover the potential oncogenic mechanism of AML. miRNA and mRNA expression-profiling microarray datasets were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Differential expression analysis was performed and a regulatory network between miRNAs and target genes was constructed...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
Manoj Kumar Jena
Study on the role of microRNAs (miRs) as regulators of gene expression through posttranscriptional gene silencing is currently gaining much interest,due to their wide involvement in different physiological processes. Understanding mammary gland development, lactation, and neoplasia in relation to miRs is essential. miR expression profiling of the mammary gland from different species in various developmental stages shows their role as critical regulators of development. miRs such as miR-126, miR-150, and miR-145 have been shown to be involved in lipid metabolism during lactation...
2017: F1000Research
Gilberto Santos Morais Junior, Vinicius Carolino Souza, Wilcelly Machado-Silva, Adriane Dallanora Henriques, Andressa Melo Alves, Danilo Barbosa Morais, Otávio Toledo Nóbrega, Ciro José Brito, Roberto Jerônimo Dos Santos Silva
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) consists of a set of metabolic and endocrine disorders which evolve into deficiency in insulin action and hyperglycemia. Physical exercise is considered the main intervention to prevent and control T2DM. Literature has suggested that circulating microRNAs (miRs) help to understand responses to physical activity among diabetic patients. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze the acute effect of two interventions (strength and cardiovascular) on the total, whole blood circulating concentrations of miR-126, miR-146a and miR-155 in older adults with and without T2DM...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Margaret Alexander, Andrew G Ramstead, Kaylyn M Bauer, Soh-Hyun Lee, Marah C Runtsch, Jared Wallace, Thomas B Huffaker, Dane K Larsen, Tanya Tolmachova, Miguel C Seabra, June L Round, Diane M Ward, Ryan M O'Connell
Extracellular vesicles, including exosomes, have recently been implicated as novel mediators of immune cell communication in mammals. However, roles for endogenously produced exosomes in regulating immune cell functions in vivo are just beginning to be identified. In this article, we demonstrate that Rab27a and Rab27b double-knockout (Rab27DKO) mice that are deficient in exosome secretion have a chronic, low-grade inflammatory phenotype characterized by elevated inflammatory cytokines and myeloproliferation...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Ri-Tian Lin, Jiang-Qi Liu, Hui-Ying Lu, Ya-Mei Chen, Li Guan, Zhi-Gang Liu, Zhan-Ju Liu, Ping-Chang Yang
The pathogenesis of food allergy (FA) is to be further investigated. Regulatory B cells (B10 cell) play a critical in the maintenance of the homeostasis in the intestine. Deregulation of B10 cell is associated with immune inflammation. Micro RNA (miR) 155 is involved in affecting immune cell function. This study tests a hypothesis that miR-155 affects the B10 cell function to facilitate the initiation of FA. In this study, BALB/c mice were sensitized to ovalbumin (OVA) to induce FA-like inflammation in the intestine...
September 15, 2017: Oncotarget
Mengyu Zhu, Yuanyuan Wei, Claudia Geißler, Kathrin Abschlag, Judit Corbalán Campos, Michael Hristov, Julia Möllmann, Michael Lehrke, Ela Karshovska, Andreas Schober
A high-fat diet increases bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the circulation, and thereby stimulates glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)-mediated insulin secretion by up-regulating interleukin (IL)-6. Although microRNA-155-5p (miR-155-5p), which increases IL-6 expression, is upregulated by LPS and hyperlipidemia, and patients with familial hypercholesterolemia less frequently develop diabetes, the role of miR-155-5p in the islet stress response to hyperlipidemia is unclear. Here, we demonstrate that hyperlipidemia-associated endotoxemia up-regulates miR-155-5p in murine pancreatic β-cells, which improved glucose metabolism and the adaptation of β-cells to obesity-induced insulin resistance...
September 29, 2017: Diabetes
Yuta Onodera, Takeshi Teramura, Toshiyuki Takehara, Kayoko Obora, Tatsufumi Mori, Kanji Fukuda
Inflammation-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) are implicated in cellular dysfunction and an important trigger for aging- or disease-related tissue degeneration. Inflammation-induced ROS in stem cells lead to deterioration of their properties, altering tissue renewal or regeneration. Pathological ROS generation can be induced by multiple steps, and dysfunction of antioxidant systems is a major cause. The identification of the central molecule mediating the above-mentioned processes would pave the way for the development of novel therapeutics for aging, aging-related diseases, or stem cell therapies...
October 2, 2017: Aging Cell
V F Chekhun, N Y Lukianova, S V Chekhun, N O Bezdieniezhnykh, T V Zadvorniy, T V Borikun, L Z Polishchuk, O М Klyusov
AIM: To search for additional molecular-biological markers of cancer stem cell (CSC) involved in the development of intra-tumor heterogeneity for the detection of features of the breast cancer (BC) pathogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression of estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR), Her2/neu, E- and N-cadherin, CD24, CD44, Bcl-2, Bax, Slug, P-gp, glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and metallothionein in cell lines was determined by the immunocytochemical method...
September 2017: Experimental Oncology
Pengfei Zhang, Hong Wang, Xueting Luo, Haiyun Liu, Bing Lu, Tong Li, Shiqi Yang, Qing Gu, Bin Li, Fenghua Wang, Xiaodong Sun
Arg-1(+)Ym-1(+) M2-type macrophages play essential roles in the development of choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Thus, inhibition of M2-type macrophages may be effective in suppressing CNV. However, the potential mechanisms of macrophage polarization during development of CNV remain unclear. In this study, we report that microRNA-155 (miR-155) inhibited M2 polarization by targeting C/EBPβ in CNV model mice and in bone marrow-derived primary macrophages. Moreover, our data show that intravitreous injection of miR-155 mimics suppressed subretinal leakage and neovascularization...
September 30, 2017: Inflammation
Lei Yang, Conghui Li, Fang Liang, Yakun Fan, Shiyang Zhang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the tumorigenesis of glioma. Recent studies showed that miR-155 expression was increased in types of cancer, including glioma. However, the underlying mechanism of miR-155 on glioma is still unclear. In the present study, expression of miR-155 and caudal-type homeobox 1 (CDX1) was determined in glioma tissues by qRT-PCR, and the regulatory axis was further studied in glioma cells. We showed that miR-155 expression was significantly increased in glioma tissues while CDX1 expression was decreased...
September 25, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
T Metin, E Dinç, A Görür, S Erdoğan, S Ertekin, A A Sarı, L Tamer, Y Çelik
PurposeIn the present study, we aimed to investigate the changes in plasma microRNA (miRNA) levels in premature infants diagnosed with premature retinopathy (ROP).Patients and methodsIn order to investigate the relationship of miRNAs with ROP, 13 premature infants admitted to Mersin University, Medical School, Department of Ophthalmology and diagnosed with ROP stage 3 with plus disease between January 2014-January 2015 were included in the study. Control group consisted of 15 premature infants with no ROP. The plasma miRNA levels were evaluated using high-throughput quantitative real-time PCR...
September 29, 2017: Eye
Wei Gao, Yongfeng Bi, Li Ding, Weiwei Zhu, Ming Ye
BACKGROUND: Neuronal glutamate (Glu) release has been reported to mediate the neuronal injury of epilepsy, while Saikosaponin a (Ssa) was shown to ameliorate the epilepsy that induced by PTZ. However, potential interactions between glutamate release and Ssa has not been fully identified. METHODS: Herein, PTZ-induced rat model were established to evaluate the neuron injury, while Ssa was used to treat the model rat. Rat astrocytes were isolated and induced by PTZ to construct cell models of epilepsy, real-time PCR and western blot were used to determine genes' expression...
September 25, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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