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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668058/i-introduction-understanding-medicines-and-medical-interventions
#1
Kristi L Lockhart, Frank C Keil
We live in an increasingly pharmacological and medical world, where children and adults frequently encounter alleged treatments for an enormous range of illnesses. How do we come to understand what heals and why? Here, 15 studies explore how 1,414 children (ages 5-11) and 882 adults construe the efficacies of different kinds of cures. Developmental patterns in folk physics, psychology, and biology lead to predictions about which expectations about cures will remain relatively constant across development and which will change...
June 2018: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668054/iii-time-courses-of-illnesses-and-treatments
#2
Kristi L Lockhart, Frank C Keil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668053/commentary-what-heals-and-why-children-s-understanding-of-medical-treatments
#3
Karl S Rosengren, Matthew J Jiang, Charles W Kalish, David Menendez, Iseli G Hernandez
Lockhart and Keil have written an interesting monograph focusing on the development of reasoning about medicine, a relatively underexplored area of research with potentially broad implications with respect to the design of more-effective medical interventions. In a set of 15 studies with well over 2,200 participants, they examine how children and adults combine aspects of biological and psychological reasoning to create working models of medicine. Lockhart and Keil explore developmental changes in reasoning about illness and its treatment using medicines in terms of dualism (e...
June 2018: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668052/iv-agency-and-spatial-patterns-of-illnesses-and-treatments
#4
Kristi L Lockhart, Frank C Keil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668029/health-adjusted-life-expectancy-in-canada
#5
Tracey Bushnik, Michael Tjepkema, Laurent Martel
BACKGROUND: Over the past century, life expectancy at birth in Canada has risen substantially. However, these gains in the quantity of life say little about gains in the quality of life. DATA AND METHODS: Health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE), an indicator of quality of life, was estimated for the household and institutional populations combined every four years from 1994/1995 to 2015. Health status was measured by the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 instrument in two national population health surveys, and was used to adjust life expectancy...
April 18, 2018: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668027/heart-transplant-in-children-what-a-primary-care-provider-needs-to-know
#6
Swati Sehgal, Emily Shea, Lauren Kelm, Deepak Kamat
Heart transplantation is offered to children with heart failure that is not amenable to medical or surgical therapy. Indications for heart transplant include unrepairable congenital heart disease, failed palliation of congenital heart disease, and cardiomyopathies. There has been tremendous progress in this field since the first heart transplant was performed in 1967. Each year, approximately 500 pediatric heart transplants take place worldwide. Pediatric heart transplant survivors are living longer with their initial transplant...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667796/isotretinoin-the-ups-are-just-as-troubling-as-the-downs
#7
Jay M Truitt, Jason S Reichenberg, Kevin G Sharghi, Shirlene M Sampson, Randall K Roenigk, Michelle Magid
INTRODUCTION: Isotretinoin, previously marketed as Accutane®, is an oral retinoid medication that is used to treat acne and other cutaneous disorders. Although the data is conflicting, previous reports suggest a causal relationship between isotretinoin and depression. When reviewing these previous reports, many patients who were diagnosed as 'depressed' did not undergo a thorough psychiatric evaluation and/or were not diagnosed according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)...
April 18, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667719/occupational-health-hazards-in-the-interventional-laboratory-time-for-a-safer-environment
#8
Lloyd W Klein, Donald L Miller, Stephen Balter, Warren Laskey, Neil Naito, David Haines, Allan Ross, Matthew A Mauro, James A Goldstein
Over the past 30 years, the advent of fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures has resulted in dramatic increments in both X-ray exposure and physical demands that predispose interventionists to distinct occupational health hazards. The hazards of accumulated radiation exposure have been known for years, but until recently the other potential risks have been ill-defined and under-appreciated. The physical stresses inherent in this career choice appear to be associated with a predilection to orthopedic injuries, attributable in great part to the cumulative adverse effects of bearing the weight and design of personal protective apparel worn to reduce radiation risk and to the poor ergonomic design of interventional suites...
January 4, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667699/lean-perspectives-a-case-for-implementing-parent-child-relational-problem-screening
#9
Bryson C Okeoma
The purpose of the current study was to make a case for instituting parent-child relational problem (PCRP) screening as a standard of care in pediatric inpatient psychiatric units due to increasing evidence that PCRP may be an underreported problem that affects more adolescents than currently realized. Adolescents who are admitted to the hospital for mood exacerbation, suicidal ideation, self-harm behavior, or behavioral escalation may improve and be discharged. However, these adolescents often are readmitted, which may be associated with parent-child relational factors...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667698/chronic-stress-social-isolation-and-perceived-loneliness-in-dementia-caregivers
#10
Mariya Kovaleva, Sydney Spangler, Carolyn Clevenger, Kenneth Hepburn
Caregivers of individuals with dementia are at risk for chronic stress and social isolation. These exogenous factors may lead to perceived stress and perceived loneliness-psychosocial endogenous (subjective) elements of caregiving experience. Chronic stress and perceived loneliness may disrupt neuroendocrine and neuroimmunological regulation, creating low-grade systemic inflammation, promoting proinflammatory gene expression, and expediting cellular aging (endogenous physiological factors). These disturbances may enhance caregivers' risk for chronic conditions of inflammatory pathogenesis...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667576/case-of-seasonal-reassortant-a-h1n2-influenza-virus-infection-the-netherlands-march-2018
#11
Adam Meijer, Corien M Swaan, Martin Voerknecht, Edin Jusic, Sharon van den Brink, Lisa A Wijsman, Bettie Cg Voordouw, Gé A Donker, Jacqueline Sleven, Wendelien W Dorigo-Zetsma, Sanela Svraka, Michiel van Boven, Manon R Haverkate, Aura Timen, Jaap T van Dissel, Marion Pg Koopmans, Theo M Bestebroer, Ron Am Fouchier
A seasonal reassortant A(H1N2) influenza virus harbouring genome segments from seasonal influenza viruses A(H1N1)pdm09 (HA and NS) and A(H3N2) (PB2, PB1, PA, NP, NA and M) was identified in March 2018 in a 19-months-old patient with influenza-like illness (ILI) who presented to a general practitioner participating in the routine sentinel surveillance of ILI in the Netherlands. The patient recovered fully. Further epidemiological and virological investigation did not reveal additional cases.
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667376/tick-paralysis
#12
Karol Borawski, Sławomir Pancewicz, Piotr Czupryna, Joanna Zajkowska, Anna Moniuszko-Malinowska
Tick paralysis is caused by neurotoxins secreted by adult female ticks, primarily in North America and on the east coast of Australia. Sporadic illness is also recorded in Europe and Africa. In the European countries, including Poland, there are 6 species of ticks capable of causing tick paralysis. The disease occurs in people of all ages, but is most commonly diagnosed in children under 8 years of age. Paralysis can take different forms - from rare isolated cranial nerve infections to quadriplegia and respiratory muscles paralysis...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667359/predicting-responses-to-mechanical-ventilation-for-preterm-infants-with-acute-respiratory-illness-using-artificial-neural-networks
#13
Katharine Brigham, Samir Gupta, John C Brigham
Infants born prematurely are particularly susceptible to respiratory illness due to underdeveloped lungs, which can often result in fatality. Preterm infants in acute stages of respiratory illness typically require mechanical ventilation assistance, and the efficacy of the type of mechanical ventilation and its delivery has been the subject of a number clinical studies. With recent advances in machine learning approaches, particularly deep learning, it may be possible to estimate future responses to mechanical ventilation in real-time, based on ventilation monitoring up to the point of analysis...
April 17, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667285/bipolar-disorder-a-single-illness
#14
Aroldo A Dargél, Marc Masson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667209/narratives-of-illness-and-offending-mentally-disordered-offenders-views-on-their-offending
#15
Jeremy Dixon
Narratives have been used in both the sociology of health and illness and in criminology to examine how groups of people present themselves in moral terms. This article focuses on the narratives of offenders with mental health problems in England subject to section 37/41 of the Mental Health Act 1983 to examine how they justified offending prior to admission. Participants presented illness in a variety of different ways indicating a range of moral positions towards offending. In line with previous research a first group used mental illness to excuse offending and saw themselves as achieving moral reform through treatment...
April 18, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667203/to-explore-the-efficacy-of-community-rehabilitation-for-facilitating-daily-function-among-patients-with-mental-illness
#16
Jui-Fen Cheng, Chung-Ying Chen, Mei-Chu Lin, Xuan-Yi Huang
PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy of community rehabilitation for facilitating daily function among patients with mental illness. DESIGN AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was used. Two hundred and sixty-four participants completed a daily living function scale questionnaire and provided disease-related information. FINDINGS: Community rehabilitation was shown to be efficient in helping to stabilize mental illness and enhance daily function...
April 17, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667167/out-of-home-placement-to-age-18-years-in-children-exposed-to-a-postpartum-mental-disorder
#17
Simone N Vigod, Thomas Munk Laursen, Anne Ranning, Merete Nordentoft, Trine Munk-Olsen
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about risk of custody loss or out-of-home placement among children whose mothers experience postpartum mental disorders, and whether this risk differs from that of children whose mothers had earlier onset of their mental disorder. METHODS: National Danish registers comprising 1 868 467 births (1982-2012) were used to determine how the timing of maternal illness onset influences out-of-home placement risk up to age 18 years among children exposed to a maternal mental disorder...
April 17, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667145/ethical-challenges-faced-by-healthcare-professionals-who-care-for-suicidal-patients-a-scoping-review
#18
Victoria Saigle, Eric Racine
For each one of the approximately 800,000 people who die from suicide every year, an additional twenty people attempt suicide. Many of these attempts result in hospitalization or in contact with other healthcare services. However, many personal, educational, and institutional barriers make it difficult for healthcare professionals to care for suicidal individuals. We reviewed literature that discusses suicidal patients in healthcare settings in order to highlight common ethical issues and to identify knowledge gaps...
April 17, 2018: Monash Bioethics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666967/health-maintenance-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
REVIEW
Fazia A Mir, Sunanda V Kane
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are not receiving preventative care services at the same rate as the general population. IBD patients are at increased risk for infections, osteoporosis, and certain malignancies secondary to their disease and as they are on immunosuppressive therapy. They are a younger population and often times consider their gastroenterologist as their primary care physician. In this review, we discuss up-to-date evidence pertaining to vaccine-preventable illnesses in the immunosuppressed IBD patient, screening for bone health, cervical cancer, skin malignancies, psychological wellbeing, and smoking cessation...
April 17, 2018: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666958/ictal-interictal-continuum-patterns
#20
REVIEW
Gamaleldin M Osman, Davi F Araújo, Carolina B Maciel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To present data available on the epidemiology and significance of rhythmic and periodic patterns that lie on the ictal interictal continuum and propose an algorithm for the clinical approach to patients exhibiting these patterns. RECENT FINDINGS: There is accumulating evidence on the prognostic implications of various rhythmic and periodic patterns in the critically ill population. These patterns are not only associated with increased seizure risk but have also been associated with worse outcome and increased long-term risk of epilepsy in recent studies...
April 18, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
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