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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646595/point-of-care-ultrasound-work-flow-innovation-impact-on-documentation-and-billing
#1
Matthew J Flannigan, Srikar Adhikari
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact that an innovative automated ultrasound (US) work flow, which allows for bedside performance of examination documentation and order placement, has on point-of-care US billing compared to ordering US examinations through an electronic medical record. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of point-of-care US billing data (March 2014-February 2016) for adult and pediatric emergency departments with an emergency medicine residency and a US fellowship...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645327/impact-of-growth-matrix-on-pharmacodynamics-of-antimicrobial-drugs-for-pig-pneumonia-pathogens
#2
Lucy Dorey, Peter Lees
BACKGROUND: The most widely used measure of potency of antimicrobial drugs is Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC). MIC is usually determined under standardised conditions in broths formulated to optimise bacterial growth on a species-by-species basis. This ensures comparability of data between laboratories. However, differences in values of MIC may arise between broths of differing chemical composition and for some drug classes major differences occur between broths and biological fluids such as serum and inflammatory exudate...
June 23, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643917/estrogen-receptor-alpha-mediates-mandibular-condylar-cartilage-growth-in-male-mice
#3
J L Robinson, V Gupta, P Soria, E Clanaman, S Gurbarg, M Xu, J Chen, S Wadhwa
OBJECTIVES: In the appendicular skeleton, estrogen via ERα signalling has been shown to mediate endochondral growth plate fusion in both males and females. However, the role of ERα in mediating growth of the mandibular condylar cartilage is unknown. Thus, this study focuses on the characterization of the mandibular condylar cartilage phenotype in young and adult male ERαKO mice. SETTING: Columbia University Medical Center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: WT and ERαKO C57BL/6 male mice were sacrificed at 49 days or 9 months for phenotypic analysis...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643286/identifying-primary-care-physicians-continuing-education-needs-by-examining-clinical-practices-attitudes-and-barriers-to-screening-across-multiple-cancers
#4
Brenna Lynn, Alexandra Hatry, Chloe Burnett, Lisa Kan, Tunde Olatunbosun, Bob Bluman
Population-based cancer screening for cervical, breast, and colorectal cancers improves patient outcomes, yet screening rates remain low for some cancers. Despite studies investigating physician perceptions and practices for screening, many have focused on individual cancers and lack primary care physicians' (PCPs) realities around screening for multiple cancers. We surveyed 887 PCPs in British Columbia (BC) to examine practices, beliefs, barriers, and learning needs towards cancer screening across breast, cervical, colorectal, prostate, as well as hereditary predisposition to cancer...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643100/perceived-devaluation-and-sti-testing-uptake-among-a-cohort-of-street-involved-youth-in-a-canadian-setting
#5
Mohammad Karamouzian, Jean Shoveller, Huiru Dong, Mark Gilbert, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
Perceived devaluation has been shown to have adverse effects on the mental and physical health outcomes of people who use drugs. However, the impact of perceived devaluation on sexually transmitted infections (STI) testing uptake among street-involved youth, who face multiple and intersecting stigmas due to their association with drug use and risky sexual practices, has not been fully characterized. Data were obtained between December 2013 and November 2014 from a cohort of street-involved youth who use illicit drugs aged 14-26 in Vancouver, British Columbia...
June 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640798/evaluation-of-placental-and-fetal-tissue-specimens-for-zika-virus-infection-50-states-and-district-of-columbia-january-december-2016
#6
Sarah Reagan-Steiner, Regina Simeone, Elizabeth Simon, Julu Bhatnagar, Titilope Oduyebo, Rebecca Free, Amy M Denison, Demi B Rabeneck, Sascha Ellington, Emily Petersen, Joy Gary, Gillian Hale, M Kelly Keating, Roosecelis B Martines, Atis Muehlenbachs, Jana Ritter, Ellen Lee, Alexander Davidson, Erin Conners, Sarah Scotland, Kayleigh Sandhu, Andrea Bingham, Elizabeth Kassens, Lou Smith, Kirsten St George, Nina Ahmad, Mary Tanner, Suzanne Beavers, Brooke Miers, Kelley VanMaldeghem, Sumaiya Khan, Ingrid Rabe, Carolyn Gould, Dana Meaney-Delman, Margaret A Honein, Wun-Ju Shieh, Denise J Jamieson, Marc Fischer, Sherif R Zaki
Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause congenital microcephaly and brain abnormalities (1), and detection of Zika virus RNA in clinical and tissue specimens can provide definitive laboratory evidence of recent Zika virus infection. Whereas duration of viremia is typically short, prolonged detection of Zika virus RNA in placental, fetal, and neonatal brain tissue has been reported and can provide key diagnostic information by confirming recent Zika virus infection (2). In accordance with recent guidance (3,4), CDC provides Zika virus testing of placental and fetal tissues in clinical situations where this information could add diagnostic value...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640676/personally-identifiable-information-in-state-laws-use-release-and-collaboration-at-health-departments
#7
Elin B Begley, Jamie M Ware, Sarah A Hexem, Karina Rapposelli, Kelly Thompson, Matthew S Penn, Gustavo A Aquino
Despite benefits to sharing data among public health programs, confidentiality laws are often presumed to obstruct collaboration or data sharing. We present an overview of the use and release of confidential, personally identifiable information as consistent with public health interests and identify opportunities to align data-sharing procedures with use and release provisions in state laws to improve program outcomes. In August 2013, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention staff and legal researchers from the National Nurse-Led Care Consortium conducted a review of state laws regulating state and local health departments in 50 states and the District of Columbia...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637725/filling-the-gaps-in-sards-research-collection-and-linkage-of-administrative-health-data-and-self-reported-survey-data-for-a-general-population-based-cohort-of-individuals-with-and-without-diagnoses-of-systemic-autoimmune-rheumatic-disease-sards-from-british
#8
Natalie McCormick, Kathryn Reimer, Ali Famouri, Carlo A Marra, J Antonio Aviña-Zubieta
PURPOSE: Systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARDs) are a group of debilitating autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus and related disorders. Assessing the healthcare and economic burden of SARDs has been challenging: while administrative databases can be used to determine healthcare utilisation and costs with minimal selection and recall bias, other health, sociodemographic and economic data have typically been sourced from highly selected, clinic-based cohorts...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633174/do-us-medical-licensing-applications-treat-mental-and-physical-illness-equivalently
#9
Katherine J Gold, Elizabeth R Shih, Edward B Goldman, Thomas L Schwenk
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: State medical licensing boards are responsible for evaluating physician impairment. Given the stigma generated by mental health issues among physicians and in the medical training culture, we were interested in whether states asked about mental and physical health conditions differently and whether questions focused on current impairment. METHODS: Two authors reviewed physician medical licensing applications for US physicians seeking first-time licensing in 2013 in the 50 states and the District of Columbia...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629224/-it-s-not-my-business-exploring-heteronormativity-in-young-people-s-discourses-about-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-queer-issues-and-their-implications-for-youth-health-and-wellbeing
#10
Cara Ky Ng, Rebecca J Haines-Saah, Rodney E Knight, Jean A Shoveller, Joy L Johnson
In Canada, the issue of creating safe and inclusive school environments for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer students has been in the spotlight. Several researchers and advocates have pointed out the positive effects of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer-positive policy frameworks on the health and wellbeing of all young people. In this article, we take a critical approach to analyzing narrative findings from qualitative interviews conducted with youth in three communities in British Columbia, Canada: "the North," Vancouver, and Abbotsford...
June 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629143/nutrients-and-other-environmental-factors-influence-virus-abundances-across-oxic-and-hypoxic-marine-environments
#11
Jan F Finke, Brian P V Hunt, Christian Winter, Eddy C Carmack, Curtis A Suttle
Virus particles are highly abundant in seawater and, on average, outnumber microbial cells approximately 10-fold at the surface and 16-fold in deeper waters; yet, this relationship varies across environments. Here, we examine the influence of a suite of environmental variables, including nutrient concentrations, salinity and temperature, on the relationship between the abundances of viruses and prokaryotes over a broad range of spatial and temporal scales, including along a track from the Northwest Atlantic to the Northeast Pacific via the Arctic Ocean, and in the coastal waters of British Columbia, Canada...
June 17, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628387/a-questionnaire-based-study-on-the-perceptions-of-canadian-seniors-about-cognitive-social-and-psychological-benefits-of-digital-games
#12
Emmanuel Duplàa, David Kaufman, Louise Sauvé, Lise Renaud
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the perceptions of seniors who play digital games on the potential benefits of these games and on the factors associated with these perceptions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed and administered a questionnaire to a sample of 590 Canadian seniors in British Columbia and Quebec that addressed demographics, digital game practices, and perceived benefits. RESULTS: Results of administering the questionnaire showed that cognitive benefits were reported more frequently than social or psychological benefits...
June 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627495/disease-and-mortality-among-yesso-scallops-patinopecten-yessoensis-putatively-caused-by-infection-with-francisella-halioticida
#13
Gary R Meyer, Geoffrey J Lowe, Scott R Gilmore, Susan M Bower
During the fall of 2015, up to 40% mortality occurred in juvenile Yesso scallops Patinopecten yessoensis at an aquaculture site in Baynes Sound, British Columbia, Canada. Macroscopic lesions were present in 11% of the scallops, and histopathology consisting of multifocal and diffuse haemocyte infiltration was observed in 44% of the specimens examined. Histologically, small Gram-negative intracellular bacteria-like particles were observed within necrotic haemocytes of the lesions, suggesting a bacterial aetiology...
June 19, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625618/low-incidence-of-plastics-in-food-loads-delivered-to-nestlings-by-a-zooplanktivorous-seabird-over-a-21-year-period
#14
J M Hipfner, K R Studholme, M Galbraith
We quantified the amount of plastic found in food loads delivered to nestlings in Cassin's Auklet (Ptychoramphus aleuticus), a small, zooplanktivorous seabird, on Triangle Island, British Columbia, in 1996-2016. The density of plastic in surrounding waters is moderately high, yet few food loads contained any plastic (3 of 850), and none more than two pieces. That result accords well with previous observations on the other four North Pacific auklets (Aethia spp.), leading us to conclude that true auklets rarely transfer plastic to nestlings...
June 15, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622993/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-traditionally-harvested-bivalves-in-northern-british-columbia-canada
#15
Kim-Ly Thompson, Chris R Picard, Hing Man Chan
Butter clams, blue mussels, and Nuttall's cockle are important traditional food of the Gitga'at First Nation in Canada. Samples were collected and analyzed for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) from the Gitga'at harvest sites from 2006 to 2015 to: 1) establish baseline conditions; 2) determine the likely source; 3) understand species specific response to spills; and 4) evaluate health risk associated with consumption. Baseline lipid normalized-total PAH in mussels was 2.36 (±2.86, 95%CI) μg/g in mussels, 3...
June 13, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621661/prevalence-of-non-food-allergies-among-british-columbia-residents-from-different-countries-of-origin
#16
Angela Randall, Jane A Buxton, Reza Afshari
No abstract available.
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621653/increased-mortality-among-indigenous-persons-in-a-multisite-cohort-of-people-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#17
Anita C Benoit, Jaime Younger, Kerrigan Beaver, Randy Jackson, Mona Loutfy, Renée Masching, Tony Nobis, Earl Nowgesic, Doe O'Brien-Teengs, Wanda Whitebird, Art Zoccole, Mark Hull, Denise Jaworsky, Elizabeth Benson, Anita Rachlis, Sean B Rourke, Ann N Burchell, Curtis Cooper, Robert S Hogg, Marina B Klein, Nima Machouf, Julio S G Montaner, Chris Tsoukas, Janet Raboud
OBJECTIVE: Compare all-cause mortality between Indigenous participants and participants of other ethnicities living with HIV initiating combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in an interprovincial multi-site cohort. METHODS: The Canadian Observational Cohort is a collaboration of 8 cohorts of treatment-naïve persons with HIV initiating cART after January 1, 2000. Participants were followed from the cART initiation date until death or last viral load (VL) test date on or before December 31, 2012...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621454/adult-males-with-haemophilia-have-a-different-macrovascular-and-microvascular-endothelial-function-profile-compared-with-healthy-controls
#18
H Sun, M Yang, M Fung, S Chan, M Jawi, T Anderson, M-C Poon, S Jackson
INTRODUCTION: Endothelial function has been identified as an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk in the general population. It is unclear if the haemophilia population has a different endothelial function profile compared to the healthy population. AIM: This prospective study aims to assess if there is a difference in endothelial function between haemophilia patients and healthy controls, and the impact of endothelial function on vascular outcomes in the haemophilia population...
June 16, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617976/atopic-dermatitis-and-risk-of-hypertension-type-2-diabetes-myocardial-infarction-and-stroke-in-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-canadian-partnership-for-tomorrow-project
#19
A M Drucker, A A Qureshi, T J B Dummer, L Parker, W-Q Li
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) has been associated with cardiovascular risk factors and diseases, but epidemiologic studies to date have found conflicting results. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the associations of AD with hypertension, type-2 diabetes (T2D), myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from the Canadian Partnership for Tomorrow Project which includes Canadian residents aged 30-74 living in British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario, Quebec and the Atlantic Provinces...
June 15, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615153/-click-for-closer-care-a-content-analysis-of-community-pharmacy-websites-in-four-countries
#20
Sandra Zwier
BACKGROUND: Combinations of professional and commercial communication are typically very controversial, particularly in health care communication on the Internet. Websites of licensed community pharmacies on the other hand tend to raise remarkably little controversy, although they typically contain controversial combinations of clinical and commercial services previously unprecedented in professional health care communication. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to fill the void of knowledge about the combination of clinical and commercial services presented on the websites of licensed community pharmacies...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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