keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hiv in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526332/trauma-informed-decision-making-among-providers-and-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence-during-hiv-testing-a-qualitative-study
#1
Jessica R Williams, Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Vanessa Ilias
We explored the process of implementing an HIV testing program at an intimate partner violence (IPV) service agency from the client and provider perspectives. A qualitative descriptive approach was used wherein semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 key informants (i.e., women with a history of IPV, HIV service providers, IPV service providers). Interviews focused on facilitators and barriers to HIV testing implementation, the decision-making process during HIV testing, and support needs. All interviews were recorded and transcribed...
May 4, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523628/burkitt-lymphoma-as-a-lead-point-for-jejunojejunal-intussusception-in-a-human-immunodeficiency-virus-patient
#2
Prabin Sharma, Shivashanker Balasingham, Kristin Stawiarski, Mahboubeh Rahmani, Antonio Costantino, Pranav Sharma, Mina Xu, Amir Masoud
Intussusception is commonly seen in children but is rare in adults and represents only 5% of all intussusceptions causing 1% of intestinal obstructions. More than 50% of these intussusceptions in adults are due to intestinal neoplasms, including malignant lymphoma, e.g., Burkitt lymphoma. These lymphomas are more common in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients than in the general population. We present a case of a young male who was diagnosed with HIV when he developed intestinal obstruction and intussusception secondary to Burkitt lymphoma...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520616/pediatric-cancer-burden-and-treatment-resources-within-the-pediatric-iedea-consortium
#3
Steven A Brown, Salma Abbas, Mary-Ann Davies, Torsak Bunupuradah, Annette H Sohn, Karl-Günter Technau, Lorna Renner, Valériane Leroy, Andrew Edmonds, Marcel Yotebieng, Catherine C McGowan, Stephany N Duda, Lynne Mofenson, Beverly Musick, Kara Wools-Kaloustian
INTRODUCTION: The incidence and treatment of cancer in HIV-infected children from resource-limited settings has not been extensively studied. OBJECTIVES: Develop and implement a cross-sectional survey to evaluate pediatric cancer burden, diagnostic modalities in use, and treatment availability as perceived by HIV clinic staff at regional International Epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) sites. METHODS: IeDEA regional investigators developed a cross-sectional clinical site survey which included questions on the numbers and types of pediatric cancers observed, modalities used to treat identified cancers and treatment options available at individual sites in the Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Central Africa, East Africa, West Africa, and Southern Africa regions...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513417/carriage-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-hiv-infected-children-in-zimbabwe
#4
S M S Wilmore, K Kranzer, A Williams, B Makamure, A F Nhidza, J Mayini, T Bandason, J Metcalfe, M P Nicol, I Balakrishnan, M J Ellington, N Woodford, S Hopkins, T D McHugh, R A Ferrand
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is an emerging global health issue. Data on the epidemiology of multidrug-resistant organisms are scarce for Africa, especially in HIV-infected individuals who often have frequent contact with healthcare. We investigated the prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) carriage in stool among HIV-infected children attending an HIV outpatient department in Harare, Zimbabwe. METHODS: We recruited children who were stable on antiretroviral therapy (ART) attending a HIV clinic from August 2014 to June 2015...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513067/interventions-for-cutaneous-molluscum-contagiosum
#5
REVIEW
Johannes C van der Wouden, Renske van der Sande, Emma J Kruithof, Annet Sollie, Lisette Wa van Suijlekom-Smit, Sander Koning
BACKGROUND: Molluscum contagiosum is a common skin infection that is caused by a pox virus and occurs mainly in children. The infection usually resolves within months in people without immune deficiency, but treatment may be preferred for social and cosmetic reasons or to avoid spreading the infection. A clear evidence base supporting the various treatments is lacking.This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2006, and updated previously in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of specific treatments and management strategies, including waiting for natural resolution, for cutaneous, non-genital molluscum contagiosum in people without immune deficiency...
May 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507221/allocation-of-antiretroviral-drugs-to-hiv-infected-patients-in-togo-perspectives-of-people-living-with-hiv-and-healthcare-providers
#6
Lonzozou Kpanake, Paul Clay Sorum, Etienne Mullet
AIM: To explore the way people living with HIV and healthcare providers in Togo judge the priority of HIV-infected patients regarding the allocation of antiretroviral drugs. METHOD: From June to September 2015, 200 adults living with HIV and 121 healthcare providers living in Togo were recruited for the study. They were presented with stories of a few lines depicting the situation of an HIV-infected patient and were instructed to judge the extent to which the patient should be given priority for antiretroviral drugs...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505015/virologic-response-to-first-line-efavirenz-or-nevirapine-based-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-infected-african-children
#7
Adeodata Kekitiinwa, Alexander J Szubert, Moira Spyer, Richard Katuramu, Victor Musiime, Tawanda Mhute, Sabrina Bakeera-Kitaka, Oscar Senfuma, Ann Sarah Walker, Diana M Gibb
BACKGROUND: Poorer virologic response to nevirapine- versus efavirenz-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been reported in adult systematic reviews and pediatric studies. METHODS: We compared drug discontinuation and viral load (VL) response in ART-naïve Ugandan/Zimbabwean children ≥3 years of age initiating ART with clinician-chosen nevirapine versus efavirenz in the ARROW trial. Predictors of suppression <80, <400 and <1000 copies/mL at 36, 48 and 144 weeks were identified using multivariable logistic regression with backwards elimination (P = 0...
June 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504307/family-based-promotion-of-mental-health-in-children-affected-by-hiv-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Theresa S Betancourt, Lauren C Ng, Catherine M Kirk, Robert T Brennan, William R Beardslee, Sara Stulac, Christine Mushashi, Estella Nduwimana, Sylvere Mukunzi, Beatha Nyirandagijimana, Godfrey Kalisa, Cyamatare F Rwabukwisi, Vincent Sezibera
BACKGROUND: Children affected by HIV are at risk for poor mental health. We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the Family Strengthening Intervention (FSI-HIV), a family home-visiting intervention to promote mental health and improve parent-child relationships in families with caregivers living with HIV, hypothesizing that child and family outcomes would be superior to usual care social work services. METHODS: Eighty two families (N = 170 children, 48...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502224/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-paediatric-tuberculosis-an-insight-review
#9
Nityananda Mandal, Parveen Kumar Anand, Subhash Gautam, Shritam Das, Tahziba Hussain
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem, invading all age groups world-wide. It is an opportunistic infection affecting the individuals alone or with co-infections. Childhood TB is a neglected aspect and a significant health problem in epidemic areas. It constitutes more than 20% of TB incidence. Pediatric TB exists in the shadow of adult TB. The clinicians concentrate on pulmonary manifestation of TB, whereas it is a major problem in both pulmonary and extra-pulmonary infections. The rate of infection with this disease is mostly associated with poverty, social disruption and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection...
August 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501964/consensus-statement-supporting-safer-conception-and-pregnancy-for-men-and-women-living-with-and-affected-by-hiv
#10
Lynn T Matthews, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Ian Cooke, Natasha Davies, Renee Heffron, Angela Kaida, John Kinuthia, Okeoma Mmeje, Augusto E Semprini, Shannon Weber
Safer conception interventions reduce HIV incidence while supporting the reproductive goals of people living with or affected by HIV. We developed a consensus statement to address demand, summarize science, identify information gaps, outline research and policy priorities, and advocate for safer conception services. This statement emerged from a process incorporating consultation from meetings, literature, and key stakeholders. Three co-authors developed an outline which was discussed and modified with co-authors, working group members, and additional clinical, policy, and community experts in safer conception, HIV, and fertility...
May 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499879/developing-a-flexible-pediatric-dosage-form-for-antiretroviral-therapy-a-fast-dissolving-tablet
#11
Manjari Lal, Manshun Lai, Marcus Estrada, Changcheng Zhu
Current presentations of the anti-HIV drugs lopinavir and ritonavir make appropriate dosing for children difficult. We conducted a feasibility study to develop a formulation for these drugs with child-safe excipients in a flexible dosage form for children across the pediatric age spectrum. The freeze-drying-in-blister approach was used to produce fast-dissolving tablets (FDTs), as these can be dispersed in fluids for easy administration, even to infants, and appropriate portions of the dispersion can be given for different ages/weights...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499423/could-cash-and-good-parenting-affect-child-cognitive-development-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-africa-and-malawi
#12
Lorraine Sherr, Ana Macedo, Mark Tomlinson, Sarah Skeen, Lucie Dale Cluver
BACKGROUND: Social protection interventions, including cash grants and care provision have been shown to effectively reduce some negative impacts of the HIV epidemic on adolescents and families. Less is known about the role of social protection on younger HIV affected populations. This study explored the impact of cash grants on children's cognitive development. Additionally, we examined whether combined cash and care (operationalised as good parenting) was associated with improved cognitive outcomes...
May 12, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498304/pharmaceutical-dosing-errors-at-a-pediatric-hiv-clinic-in-mwanza-tanzania
#13
Neel Mahesh Naik, Ruth Nicholas Mbwanji, Mwajuma Mgawe, Richard Ongoa, Anthony E Gesase, Gordon E Schutze, Mercy Minde, Lumumba Francis Mwita
The outpatient medication dosing error rate at a pediatric HIV clinic in Mwanza, Tanzania, was about 1 in every 34 prescriptions. Young children were at highest risk of a dosing error, likely due to dose changes with growth and also to the inconsistent supply of pediatric formulations. Majority of errors occurred at consecutive visits suggesting clinicians reordered medication without double checking dosing.
May 11, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498178/supporting-implementation-research-to-improve-coverage-and-uptake-of-hiv-related-interventions
#14
Pierre Blais, Sylvia Sirivar, Joyce Seto
In 2015, Global Affairs Canada joined other members of the United Nations to establish the Sustainable Development Goals, which include the elimination of AIDS by 2030. Innovation is an important part of accelerating the response against HIV and ensuring success in eliminating AIDS by 2030. This is the reason Global Affairs Canada decided to partner with the World Health Organization, to support the INtegration and Scaling Up PMTCT through Implementation REsearch (INSPIRE) initiative, to learn how HIV interventions can be successfully integrated with other essential health services for mothers and children, especially among the most vulnerable populations...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498146/first-line-antiretroviral-treatment-outcomes-and-durability-in-hiv-infected-children-treated-through-the-universal-coverage-health-program-in-thailand
#15
Sirinya Teeraananchai, Torsak Bunupuradah, Thanyawee Puthanakit, Stephen J Kerr, Kiat Ruxrungtham, Suchada Chaivooth, Sorakij Bhakeecheep, Matthew G Law, Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit
BACKGROUND: We assessed the treatment outcomes on first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART), and factors associated with switching regimen in HIV-infected children treated through the universal coverage health program (UC) in Thailand. METHODS: Children aged <15 years at ART initiation who had been receiving ART for at least 6 months between 2008 and 2014 through UC were included in the analysis. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate immunological recovery (IMR), immunological failure, and virological failure (VF)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497124/parv4-prevalence-phylogeny-immunology-and-coinfection-with-hiv-hbv-and-hcv-in-a-multicentre-african-cohort
#16
Colin P Sharp, William F Gregory, Louise Hattingh, Amna Malik, Emily Adland, Samantha Daniels, Anriette van Zyl, Jonathan M Carlson, Susan Wareing, Anthony Ogwu, Roger Shapiro, Lynn Riddell, Fabian Chen, Thumbi Ndung'u, Philip J R Goulder, Paul Klenerman, Peter Simmonds, Pieter Jooste, Philippa C Matthews
Background: The seroprevalence of human parvovirus-4 (PARV4) varies considerably by region. In sub-Saharan Africa, seroprevalence is high in the general population, but little is known about the transmission routes or the prevalence of coinfection with blood-borne viruses, HBV, HCV and HIV.  Methods: To further explore the characteristics of PARV4 in this setting, with a particular focus on the prevalence and significance of coinfection, we screened a cohort of 695 individuals recruited from Durban and Kimberley (South Africa) and Gaborone (Botswana) for PARV4 IgG and DNA, as well as documenting HIV, HBV and HCV status...
April 7, 2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493270/public-health-alternatives-to-incarceration-for-drug-offenders
#17
REVIEW
Nicholas Clark, Kate Dolan, David Farabee
Drug users are vastly overrepresented in prison populations. Once inside they face increased risks of acquiring infections such as HIV, hepatitis and TB, and on release they face an elevated risk of fatal overdose. Relapse and recidivism are the norm following release from prison. The implementation of evidence-based drug treatment programmes in prison is rare, yet drug treatment in prison reduces the transmission of infections, recidivism and fatal overdose on release. Recognising the negative returns associated with incarceration, many jurisdictions have begun to consider alternatives such as depenalisation of the personal use of illicit drugs, provision of treatment and social reintegration of drug offenders, and a shift in focus from supply reduction to demand and harm reduction measures in the community and in prison...
May 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492126/bacteria-isolated-from-the-airways-of-paediatric-patients-with-bronchiectasis-according-to-hiv-status
#18
Charl Verwey, Sithembiso Velaphi, Riaz Khan
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of which bacteria are found in the airways of paediatric patients with bronchiectasis unrelated to cystic fibrosis (CF) is important in defining empirical antibiotic guidelines for the treatment of acute infective exacerbations. OBJECTIVE: To describe the bacteria isolated from the airways of children with non-CF bronchiectasis according to their HIV status. METHODS: Records of children with non-CF bronchiectasis who attended the paediatric pulmonology clinic at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, Johannesburg, South Africa, from April 2011 to March 2013, or were admitted to the hospital during that period, were reviewed...
April 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487695/regulatory-t-cells-and-pro-inflammatory-responses-predominate-in-children-with-tuberculosis
#19
Elizabeth Whittaker, Mark Nicol, Heather J Zar, Beate Kampmann
BACKGROUND: Following infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb), children are more susceptible to develop disease particularly extrapulmonary disease than adults. The exact mechanisms required for containment of M.tb are not known, but would be important to identify correlates of protection. OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively analyze key immune responses to mycobacteria between HIV-negative children with extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) compared to children with pulmonary TB (PTB) or healthy controls...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486060/aerobic-fitness-and-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-in-children-and-adolescents-living-with-hiv
#20
Luiz Rodrigo Augustemak de Lima, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Kelly Samara da Silva, Andreia Pelegrini, Isabela de Carlos Back, Edio Luiz Petroski
AIMS: To examine aerobic fitness, total moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and also patterns in terms of MVPA between children and adolescents with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and controls, and to determine whether differences, if any, are associated with HIV, sex and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was carried out with 130 children and adolescents, aged between 8 and 15 years, divided into two groups (HIV group= 65 patients, control group= 65 healthy participants)...
May 9, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
keyword
keyword
7550
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"