keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hiv in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812054/influenza-a-virus-infection-and-nucleotide-sequencing-in-hiv-infected-children-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
Visal Moolasart, Suthat Chottanapund, Jarurnsook Ausavapipit, Srisuda Samadchai, Sirirat Likanonsakul, Sumonmal Uttayamakul, Somkid Srisopha, Don Changsom, Hatairat Lerdsamran, Pilaipan Puthavathana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809613/enrolling-hiv-positive-adolescents-in-mental-health-research-a-case-study-reflecting-on-legal-and-ethical-complexities
#2
Nataly Woollett, John Peter, Lucie Cluver, Heena Brahmbhatt
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with HIV are an emerging group in the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. Mental health in this population affects HIV care, treatment, consequential morbidity and secondary transmission. There is a paucity of research regarding these youth in South Africa (SA), partly because section 71 of the National Health Act of 2003 (NHA) requires parental or guardian's consent. OBJECTIVE: To explore legal and ethical issues related to conducting adolescent mental health research in SA...
July 28, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807190/socioeconomic-differences-in-mortality-in-the-antiretroviral-therapy-era-in-agincourt-rural-south-africa-2001-13-a-population-surveillance-analysis
#3
Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Brian Houle, Mark A Collinson, Kathleen Kahn, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Stephen Tollman, Samuel J Clark
BACKGROUND: Understanding the effects of socioeconomic disparities in health outcomes is important to implement specific preventive actions. We assessed socioeconomic disparities in mortality indicators in a rural South African population over the period 2001-13. METHODS: We used data from 21 villages of the Agincourt Health and socio-Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS). We calculated the probabilities of death from birth to age 5 years and from age 15 to 60 years, life expectancy at birth, and cause-specific and age-specific mortality by sex (not in children <5 years), time period, and socioeconomic status (household wealth) quintile for HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis, other communicable diseases (excluding HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis) and maternal, perinatal, and nutritional causes, non-communicable diseases, and injury...
September 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807188/the-global-burden-of-tuberculosis-mortality-in-children-a-mathematical-modelling-study
#4
Peter J Dodd, Courtney M Yuen, Charalambos Sismanidis, James A Seddon, Helen E Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis in children is increasingly recognised as an important component of the global tuberculosis burden, with an estimated 1 million cases in 2015. Although younger children are vulnerable to severe forms of tuberculosis disease, no age-disaggregated estimates of paediatric tuberculosis mortality exist, and tuberculosis has never been included in official estimates of under-5 child mortality. We aimed to produce a global mortality burden estimate in children using a complementary approach not dependent on vital registration data...
September 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802211/research-priority-setting-for-integrated-early-child-development-and-violence-prevention-ecd-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-an-expert-opinion-exercise
#5
Mark Tomlinson, Mark Jordans, Harriet MacMillan, Theresa Betancourt, Xanthe Hunt, Christopher Mikton
Child development in low and middle income countries (LMIC) is compromised by multiple risk factors. Reducing children's exposure to harmful events is essential for early childhood development (ECD). In particular, preventing violence against children - a highly prevalent risk factor that negatively affects optimal child development - should be an intervention priority. We used the Child Health and Nutrition Initiative (CHNRI) method for the setting of research priorities in integrated Early Childhood Development and violence prevention programs (ECD+)...
August 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800382/suboptimal-cotrimoxazole-prophylactic-concentrations-in-hiv-infected-children-according-to-the-who-guidelines
#6
C Pressiat, V Mea-Assande, C Yonaba, J-M Treluyer, D-L Dahourou, M Amorissani-Folquet, S Blanche, F Eboua, D Ye, G Lui, K Malateste, Y Zheng, V Leroy, D Hirt
AIMS: A clinical study was conduct in HIV-infected children to evaluate the prophylactic doses of cotrimoxazole (sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and trimethoprim (TMP)) advised by WHO. METHODS: Children received lopinavir-based antiretroviral therapy with cotrimoxazole prophylaxis (200 mg of SMX/ 40 mg of TMP once daily). Nonlinear mixed effects modelling approach was used to analyze plasma concentrations. Factors that could impact the pharmacokinetic profile were investigate...
August 11, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800335/an-overview-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-type-1-associated-common-neurological-complications-does-aging-pose-a-challenge
#7
Anantha Ram Nookala, Joy Mitra, Nitish S Chaudhari, Muralidhar L Hegde, Anil Kumar
With increasing survival of patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), the manifestation of heterogeneous neurological complications is also increasing alarmingly in these patients. Currently, more than 30% of about 40 million HIV-1 infected people worldwide develop central nervous system (CNS)-associated dysfunction, including dementia, sensory, and motor neuropathy. Furthermore, the highly effective antiretroviral therapy has been shown to increase the prevalence of mild cognitive functions while reducing other HIV-1-associated neurological complications...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799999/features-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-in-adults-and-children-living-with-hiv
#8
Andrew W McCrary, Chidozie U Nduka, Saverio Stranges, Gerald S Bloomfield
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article addresses crucial issues in identifying risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in people living with HIV in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). These issues are in need of urgent attention to advance our knowledge and inform actions to mitigate CVD in this population. We address CVDs in adults living with HIV as well as the unique aspects pertaining to children living with HIV (CLHIV), a group sorely under-represented in this field. RECENT FINDINGS: CVDs affecting adults such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, coronary artery disease, and heart failure, in addition to myocardial dysfunction, vascular diseases, and autoimmune phenomena are also being reported in CLHIV...
August 10, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799825/progress-toward-elimination-of-perinatal-hiv-transmission-in-kenya-analysis-of-early-infant-diagnosis-data
#9
Dunstan Achwoka, Justin Mandala, Mutugi Muriithi, Yanwu Zeng, Mario Chen, Rebecca Dirks, Martin Sirengo, Rose Wafula, Kwasi Torpey
Interrupting vertical transmission of HIV from mothers to infants provides opportunity to transform the HIV/AIDS epidemic by eliminating new infections among children. We estimate mother-to-child transmission rates of infants born to known HIV-positive mothers offered prevention of mother-to-child transmission interventions and provide an indication of Kenya's progress toward elimination of perinatal transmission. We obtained from the Kenya National Early Infant Diagnosis (EID) database, all 131,451 DNA polymerase chain reaction test results of HIV-exposed infants aged 0-18 months who had dried blood spot samples taken between January 2008 and October 2013...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799180/accuracy-of-octa-polar-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-for-the-assessment-of-total-and-appendicular-body-composition-in-children-and-adolescents-with-hiv-comparison-with-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-and-air-displacement-plethysmography
#10
J A C de Castro, L R A de Lima, D A S Silva
BACKGROUND: Body composition analysis has been used to investigate fat mass (FM) and bone mineral content (BMC) in children and adolescents diagnosed with HIV. Investigating the validity of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is interesting with respect to testing useful techniques for monitoring body composition in children and adolescents in clinical practice. The present study aimed to determine the validity of body composition analysis by BIA compared to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and air displacement plethysmography (ADP) in children and adolescents an HIV diagnosis...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798895/prevalence-and-identification-of-serum-markers-associated-with-vertical-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-in-pregnant-women-in-yaounde-cameroon
#11
Lucien Honoré Etame Sone, Roger Ahouga Voufo, Henriette Thérèse Dimodi, Michel Kengne, Cédric Gueguim, Nnanga Ngah, Julius Oben, Judith Laure Ngondi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection in pregnant women and identify markers associated with vertical transmission of HBV. METHODS: Prospective and cross-sectional study over 10 months on 298 pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in the Cité Verte and Efoulan District hospitals in Cameroon. A dry tube blood collection was performed on all pregnant women and babies born to HBsAg-positive mothers. Serum from the women was used to test for HBsAg through immunochromatography and then confirmed by ELISA...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797019/associations-of-low-vitamin-d-and-elevated-parathyroid-hormone-concentrations-with-bone-mineral-density-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-children
#12
Denise L Jacobson, Charles B Stephensen, Tracie L Miller, Kunjal Patel, Janet S Chen, Russell B Van Dyke, Ayesha Mirza, Gertrud U Schuster, Rohan Hazra, Angela Ellis, Sean S Brummel, Mitchell E Geffner, Margarita Silio, Stephen A Spector, Linda A DiMeglio
BACKGROUND: Perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV) children have, on average, lower bone mineral density (BMD) than perinatally HIV-exposed uninfected (PHEU) and healthy children. Low 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] and elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations may lead to suboptimal bone accrual. METHODS: PHIV and PHEU children in the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study had total body (TB) and lumbar spine (LS) BMD and bone mineral content (BMC) measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry; BMD z-scores (BMDz) were calculated for age and sex...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792359/-i-want-to-go-gently-how-aids-patients-in-ghana-envisage-their-deaths
#13
Fidelia N A Ohemeng, Steve Tonah
This article examines the views of persons living with AIDS about how they want to die and how they are planning for their deaths. Participants for the study were purposefully drawn from an HIV clinic in an urban town in Ghana. In-depth interviews were conducted with 25 persons living with AIDS. Three preferences of death were identified by the participants. These include the desire for a quick death, death at home, and death without emaciating. Planning for death involved attending church and taking care of children...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791823/echocardiographic-characteristics-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-children-with-horizontally-transmitted-hiv
#14
Anca Meda Georgescu, Cosmin Moldovan, Janos Szederjesi, Dan Georgescu, Leonard Azamfirei
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of primitive pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) is estimated at approximately 0.5%, significantly higher than in the general population. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the echocardiographic modifications in HIV-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 117 patients, aged under 16, with horizontally transmitted HIV staged according to the U...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789674/hiv-status-and-treatment-influence-on-fertility-desires-among-women-newly-becoming-eligible-for-antiretroviral-therapy-in-western-kenya-insights-from-a-qualitative-study
#15
James Ayieko, Angeline Ti, Jill Hagey, Eliud Akama, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Craig R Cohen, Rena C Patel
BACKGROUND: Factors influencing fertility desires among HIV-infected individuals remain poorly understood. With new recommendations for universal HIV treatment and increasing antiretroviral therapy (ART) access, we sought to evaluate how access to early ART influences fertility desires among HIV-infected ART-naïve women. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with a select subgroup of 20 HIV-infected ART-naïve women attending one of 13 HIV facilities in western Kenya between July and August 2014 who would soon newly become eligible to initiate ART based on the latest national policy recommendations...
August 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782457/prospective-memory-in-youth-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-infection
#16
Lynnette L Harris, Miriam C Chernoff, Sharon L Nichols, Paige L Williams, Patricia A Garvie, Cenk Yildirim, Stephen R McCauley, Steven Paul Woods
Youth with perinatal HIV infection (PHIV) are at increased risk for neurocognitive impairment (NCI). Prospective memory (PM) is a complex neurocognitive function that has been shown to be impaired in adults with HIV disease and independently associated with poorer daily living skills, including medication nonadherence. The current study sought to determine the presence and extent of PM deficits in youth with PHIV. Participants included 173 youth with PHIV and 85 youth perinatally HIV-exposed but uninfected (PHEU), mean age 14...
August 7, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780547/paediatric-asthma-control-under-a-community-management-model-in-china-a-protocol-for-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort-study
#17
Juan Xu, Yong Yin, Hao Zhang, Wen Wei Zhong, Lei Zhang, Jing Zhang, Shu Hua Yuan, Fen Zhang, Li Xia Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Childhood asthma is globally one of the most common respiratory disorders and accounts for more school absences and more hospitalizations than any other chronic illness. The worldwide economic burden of this disease exceeds those of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis combined. Proper intervention and effective management is of paramount importance for the control and prognosis of paediatric asthma. Unfortunately, the rate of uncontrolled and partially controlled paediatric asthma in China is >90%...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777261/orphanhood-and-self-esteem-an-18-year-longitudinal-study-from-an-hiv-affected-area-in-tanzania
#18
Joachim De Weerdt, Kathleen Beegle, Stefan Dercon
BACKGROUND: The HIV epidemic exacerbated the prevalence of prime-aged adult death in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, resulting in increased rates of orphanhood. Little is known about whether this will coincide with adverse psychosocial wellbeing in adulthood for those who were orphaned at childhood. METHODS: We studied a cohort of 1,108 children from Kagera, a region of Tanzania that was heavily affected by HIV early in the epidemic. During the baseline data collection in 1991-94 these children were aged 0-16 years and had both parents alive...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777205/rapid-accurate-identification-of-tuberculous-meningitis-among-south-african-children-using-a-novel-clinical-decision-tool
#19
Anu Goenka, Prakash M Jeena, Koleka Mlisana, Tom Solomon, Kevin Spicer, Rebecca Stephenson, Arpana Verma, Barnesh Dhada, Michael J Griffiths
INTRODUCTION: Early diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is crucial to achieve optimum outcomes. There is no effective rapid diagnostic test for use in children. We aimed to develop a clinical decision tool to facilitate the early diagnosis of childhood TBM. METHODS: Retrospective case control study across 7 hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (2010-2014). We identified the variables most predictive of microbiologically confirmed TBM in children (3 months-15 years) by univariate analysis...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776463/prevalence-and-impact-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-pregnant-women-in-central-ethiopia
#20
Andreas Schönfeld, Torsten Feldt, Tafese B Tufa, Hans M Orth, André Fuchs, Million G Mesfun, Frieder Pfäfflin, Tamara Nordmann, Matthias Breuer, Monika Hampl, Dieter Häussinger
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a major global public health issue and omnipresent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) increase the risk of HIV acquisition. Moreover, STIs and HIV in pregnant women can harm the unborn child. In this study, we systematically investigated the prevalence of HIV, relevant STIs and vaginal group B streptococcus colonization among pregnant women presenting at Asella Teaching Hospital in central Ethiopia and their effect on perinatal mortality. A follow-up was performed six weeks after delivery...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
keyword
keyword
7550
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"