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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691066/uncertainty-and-variability-in-laboratory-derived-sorption-parameters-of-sediments-from-a-uranium-in-situ-recovery-site
#1
Martin A Dangelmayr, Paul W Reimus, Raymond H Johnson, James T Clay, James J Stone
This research assesses the ability of a GC SCM to simulate uranium transport under variable geochemical conditions typically encountered at uranium in-situ recovery (ISR) sites. Sediment was taken from a monitoring well at the SRH site at depths 192 and 193 m below ground and characterized by XRD, XRF, TOC, and BET. Duplicate column studies on the different sediment depths, were flushed with synthesized restoration waters at two different alkalinities (160 mg/l CaCO3 and 360 mg/l CaCO3 ) to study the effect of alkalinity on uranium mobility...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686886/postpartum-intrauterine-device-placement-a-patient-friendly-option
#2
REVIEW
Carrie Cwiak, Sarah Cordes
Women in the United States are increasingly choosing an intrauterine device (IUD) for contraception. Since the postpartum period is an important time to consider a patient's need for contraception, offering postpartum IUD placement is considered best practice. Effective implementation of postpartum IUD placement occurs within a context of shared decision making wherein patients are given full information about all options and guided to methods that best fit their lifestyle. Within this context, both the non-hormonal and hormonal IUDs are safe, highly effective, well tolerated, and convenient options...
2018: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683919/hiit-in-the-real-world-outcomes-from-a-12-month-intervention-in-overweight-adults
#3
Melyssa Roy, Sheila M Williams, Rachel C Brown, Kim A Meredith-Jones, Hamish Osborne, Michelle Jospe, Rachael W Taylor
PURPOSE: Although high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous exercise have comparable health outcomes in the laboratory setting, effectiveness studies in real-world environments are lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an unsupervised HIIT programme in overweight/obese adults over 12 months. METHODS: 250 overweight/obese adults could choose HIIT or current exercise guidelines of 30 minutes/day moderate-intensity exercise...
April 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679367/a-systematic-review-of-the-quality-of-reporting-of-simulation-studies-about-methods-for-the-analysis-of-complex-longitudinal-patient-reported-outcomes-data
#4
REVIEW
Aynslie M Hinds, Tolulope T Sajobi, Véronique Sebille, Richard Sawatzky, Lisa M Lix
PURPOSE: This study describes the characteristics and quality of reporting for published computer simulation studies about statistical methods to analyze complex longitudinal (i.e., repeated measures) patient-reported outcomes (PROs); we included methods for longitudinal latent variable measurement and growth models and response shift. METHODS: Scopus, PsycINFO, PubMed, EMBASE, and Social Science Citation Index were searched for English-language studies published between 1999 and 2016 using selected keywords...
April 20, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678991/measurement-properties-of-the-health-of-the-nation-outcome-scales-honos-family-of-measures-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#5
Meredith G Harris, Claudia Sparti, Roman Scheurer, Tim Coombs, Jane Pirkis, Torleif Ruud, Steve Kisely, Ketil Hanssen-Bauer, Johan Siqveland, Philip M Burgess
INTRODUCTION: The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) for adults, and equivalent measures for children and adolescents and older people, are widely used in clinical practice and research contexts to measure mental health and functional outcomes. Additional HoNOS measures have been developed for special populations and applications. Stakeholders require synthesised information about the measurement properties of these measures to assess whether they are fit for use with intended service settings and populations and to establish performance benchmarks...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676565/groundwater-quality-beneath-an-asian-megacity-on-a-delta-kolkata-s-calcutta-s-disappearing-arsenic-and-present-manganese
#6
J M McArthur, P K Sikdar, M J Leng, U Ghosal, I Sen
Kolkata, the capital city of West Bengal, exploits groundwater for public water-supply. The groundwater has been reported to be widely polluted by arsenic (As). Analysis for As in 280 groundwaters from across Kolkata, failed to detect As concentrations >10 μg/L from natural processes. Arsenic concentrations between 10 and 79 μg/L found in 14 of the 280 groundwaters are remnant from a pollution-plume emanating from a single factory site where Paris Green, an arsenical pesticide, was manufactured between 1965 and 1985...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676163/do-marketing-and-alcohol-treatment-public-health-experts-think-televised-alcohol-advertisements-abide-by-regulatory-guidelines
#7
Kelly Lloyd, Elaine Cameron, Hannah Williams, Emma Banister, Michael Donmall, Alan Higgins, David P French
Televised alcohol advertisements in the United Kingdom must abide by the Broadcast Committee of Advertising Practice Code, which provides guidelines concerning advertisements not implying, condoning or encouraging immoderate, irresponsible or antisocial drinking. Previously, 75 per cent of 373 general public respondents were shown one of seven advertisements rated a breach of at least one guideline. This study assessed whether experts in marketing ( n = 25) and alcohol treatment/public health ( n = 25) perceived the same seven television alcohol advertisements as complying with the Broadcast Committee of Advertising Practice Code...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675943/relationship-of-anxiety-with-joint-pain-and-its-management-a-population-survey
#8
Lauren A Barnett, Mark G Pritchard, John J Edwards, Ebenezer K Afolabi, Kelvin P Jordan, Emma L Healey, Andrew G Finney, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Christian D Mallen, Krysia S Dziedzic
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study was to examine the associations between the severity of pain and anxiety in a community population reporting joint pain, and to investigate the management of joint pain in the presence of comorbid anxiety. METHODS: A population survey was carried out of people aged ≥45 years, registered with eight general practices in Cheshire, Shropshire and Staffordshire, UK. Respondents were asked to report pain intensity in their hands, hips, knees and feet (on a numerical rating scale), anxiety symptoms (Generalized Anxiety Disorder seven-item [GAD-7] scale) and guideline-recommended treatments used to manage pain...
April 20, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672524/point-of-care-tests-for-syphilis-and-yaws-in-a-low-income-setting-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-worker-and-patient-experiences
#9
Michael Marks, Tommy Esau, Rowena Asugeni, Relmah Harrington, Jason Diau, Hilary Toloka, James Asugeni, Eimhin Ansbro, Anthony W Solomon, David Maclaren, Michelle Redman-Maclaren, David C W Mabey
INTRODUCTION: The human treponematoses comprise venereal syphilis and the three non-venereal or endemic treponematoses yaws, bejel, and pinta. Serological assays remain the most common diagnostic method for all treponemal infections. Point-of-care tests (POCTs) for syphilis and yaws allow testing without further development of infrastructure in populations where routine laboratory facilities are not available. Alongside the test's performance characteristics assessed through diagnostic evaluation, it is important to consider broader issues when rolling out a POCT...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671330/achieving-canadian-physical-activity-guidelines-is-associated-with-better-vascular-function-independent-of-aerobic-fitness-and-sedentary-time-in-older-adults
#10
Myles W O'Brien, Susan A Robinson, Ryan J Frayne, Said Mekary, Jonathon R Fowles, Derek S Kimmerly
Canadian physical activity guidelines recommend older adults accumulate 150 minutes of weekly moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Older adults who are insufficiently active may have reduced blood vessel health and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. We tested this hypothesis in 11 older adults who did (7♀; 65±5 years; MVPA=239±81 minutes/week) and 10 older adults who did not (7♀; 68±9 years; MVPA=95±33 minutes/week) meet MVPA guidelines. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in the brachial (BA) and popliteal (POP) arteries, as well as, nitroglycerin-mediated dilation (NMD; endothelial-independent dilation) in the POP were assessed via ultrasonography...
April 19, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665622/existing-regulatory-approaches-to-reducing-exposures-to-chemical-and-product-based-risk-and-their-applicability-to-diet-related-chronic-disease
#11
Deborah A Cohen, Debra S Knopman
We aimed to identify and categorize the types of policies that have been adopted to protect Americans from harmful exposures that could also be relevant for addressing diet-related chronic diseases. This article examines and categorizes the rationales behind government regulation. Our interest in the historical analysis is to inform judgments about how best to address newly emergent risks involving diet-related chronic disease within existing regulatory and information-based frameworks. We assessed exemplars of regulation with respect to harmful exposures from air, water, and food, as well as regulations that are intended to modify voluntary behaviors...
April 17, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664328/factors-influencing-rural-end-users-acceptance-of-e-health-in-developing-countries-a-study-on-portable-health-clinic-in-bangladesh
#12
Nazmul Hossain, Fumihiko Yokota, Nazneen Sultana, Ashir Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Existing studies regarding e-health are mostly focused on information technology design and implementation, system architecture and infrastructure, and its importance in public health with ancillaries and barriers to mass adoption. However, not enough studies have been conducted to assess the end-users' reaction and acceptance behavior toward e-health, especially from the perspective of rural communities in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explore the factors that influence rural end users' acceptance of e-health in Bangladesh...
April 17, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660528/yield-of-colonoscopy-after-a-positive-result-from-a-fecal-immunochemical-test-oc-light
#13
Muhammad Alsayid, Maneesh H Singh, Rachel Issaka, Victoria Laleau, Lukejohn Day, Jeffrey Lee, James Allison, Ma Somsouk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The fecal immunochemical test (FIT) is widely used in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. The OC-Light FIT is 1 of 2 FITs recommended for CRC screening by the Preventive Services Task Force guidelines. However, little is known about its ability to detect CRC in large average-risk populations. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients (50-75 years old) in the San Francisco Health Network who were screened for CRC by OC-Light FIT from August 2010 through June 2015...
April 13, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655958/a-second-derivate-fitting-algorithm-for-the-quantification-of-free-hemoglobin-in-human-plasma
#14
Michael Paal, Alexander Lang, Georg Hennig, Marie-Luise Buchholtz, Ronald Sroka, Michael Vogeser
BACKGROUND: Assessment of hemolysis in vivo is becoming increasingly relevant in critical care. Current methods (Harboe, 1959) for quantifying the free hemoglobin (fHb) content produce unsatisfactory results in case of hyperbilirubinemia, a frequent condition in patients at risk for intravascular hemolysis. METHODS: A novel evaluation method based on second-derivative fitting to quantify fHb content was developed. The method uses spectrophotometric data from 350 to 650 nm recorded with standard instruments as input...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650740/managing-complexity-in-care-of-patients-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-natural-fit-for-the-family-physician-as-an-expert-generalist
#15
REVIEW
Elizabeth Grier, Dara Abells, Ian Casson, Meg Gemmill, Jessica Ladouceur, Amanda Lepp, Ullanda Niel, Samantha Sacks, Kyle Sue
OBJECTIVE: To delineate the factors inherent in caring for patients with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) that lead to complexity and to provide perspectives and techniques mapped to the phases of the clinical encounter. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: The authors of the physical health section of the 2018 Canadian consensus guidelines on the primary care of adults with IDD consisted of family physicians, all of whom practise comprehensive family medicine with additional clinical experience in care of adults with IDD...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626932/examining-the-challenges-posed-to-parents-by-the-contemporary-screen-environments-of-children-a-qualitative-investigation
#16
Emma Solomon-Moore, Joe Matthews, Thomas Reid, Zoi Toumpakari, Simon J Sebire, Janice L Thompson, Deborah A Lawlor, Russell Jago
BACKGROUND: The ubiquity of technology in modern society has led to the American Academy of Pediatrics adapting their screen-viewing (SV) recommendations for children. The revised guidelines encourage families to identify an appropriate balance between SV and other activities. The aims of this study were to explore parents' views of their child's SV time and how important it is for families to achieve a 'digital balance'. METHODS: Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 51 parents of 8-9-year-old children, between July and October 2016...
April 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626616/benefits-of-hippotherapy-and-horse-riding-simulation-exercise-on-healthy-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Camille Hilliere, Daniel Collado-Mateo, Santos Villafaina, Paulo Duque-Fonseca, José A Parraça
OBJECTIVE: To provide an up-to-date research analysis on equine-assisted therapies and horse riding simulation exercise in older adults, and to suggest future directions in clinical practice and research. TYPE: Systematic Review. LITERATURE SURVEY: A comprehensive search of studies was performed in 4 electronic databases (Cochrane, PubMed, PEDro and Web of Science) regarding the effects of equine-assisted therapies and horse riding simulation exercise in older adults...
April 4, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625532/non-invasive-patient-controlled-analgesia-in-the-management-of-acute-postoperative-pain-in-the-hospital-setting
#18
Bart Morlion, Michael Schäfer, Neil Betteridge, Eija Kalso
OBJECTIVE: Acute postoperative pain is experienced by the majority of hospitalized patients undergoing surgical procedures, with many reporting inadequate pain relief and/or high levels of dissatisfaction with their pain management. Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) ensures patient involvement in acute pain control, a key component for implementing a quality management system. This narrative article overviews the clinical evidence for conventional PCA and briefly discusses new, non-invasive PCA systems, namely the sufentanil sublingual tablet system (SSTS) and the fentanyl iontophoretic transdermal system (FITS)...
April 6, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623886/contribution-of-cutlery-and-serving-dishes-to-the-human-daily-intake-of-silver-an-in-vitro-assessment
#19
Edwige Soton, Marc de Lauzon, Frédéric Baud
Silver cutlery and serving dishes are a potential source of exposure of humans that was never quantified. Release of silver was assessed in vitro in an acidic solution mimicking food fluid in two conditions: i] the JRC guidelines for hot fill conditions with stable high temperature over a 2 hour-period of time, and ii] a more realistic condition with spontaneous progressive decline from 90̊C to ambient temperature over the same period of time. Massive silver 95% strips were exposed to a 5% citric acid solution: i) cooling down from 90̊C to ambient or ii) 70̊C maintained, during 2 hours...
April 1, 2018: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621822/-web-based-field-studies-on-diagnostic-classification-and-code-assignment-of-mental-disorders-comparison-of-icd-11-and-icd-10
#20
Wolfgang Gaebel, Mathias Riesbeck, Jürgen Zielasek, Ariane Kerst, Eva Meisenzahl-Lechner, Volker Köllner, Matthias Rose, Tobias Hofmann, Ingo Schäfer, Annett Lotzin, Peer Briken, Verena Klein, Franziska Brunner, Jared W Keeley, Tahilia J Rebello, Howard F Andrews, Geoffrey M Reed, Nenad F I Kostanjsek, Alkomiet Hasan, Pamina Russek, Peter Falkai
The German Society for Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy (DGPPN,) conducted a comprehensive field study (principal investigator WG) funded by the German Federal Ministry of Health in cooperation with 4 other German medical societies in the field of mental health (DGPM, DGPPR, DeGFS, DGfS) * to support WHO's development of the ICD-11 (Chapters 6 and 17). The objective of the web-based field study was to compare ICD-10 and ICD-11 (beta draft) for selected mental disorders, regarding consistency, accuracy and assessment of utility...
March 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
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