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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722645/verification-of-a-proposed-clinical-electroacoustic-test-protocol-for-personal-digital-modulation-receivers-coupled-to-cochlear-implant-sound-processors
#1
Erika L Nair, Rhonda Sousa, Shannon Wannagot
BACKGROUND: Guidelines established by the AAA currently recommend behavioral testing when fitting frequency modulated (FM) systems to individuals with cochlear implants (CIs). A protocol for completing electroacoustic measures has not yet been validated for personal FM systems or digital modulation (DM) systems coupled to CI sound processors. In response, some professionals have used or altered the AAA electroacoustic verification steps for fitting FM systems to hearing aids when fitting FM systems to CI sound processors...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721017/targeted-therapy-in-severe-asthma-today-focus-on-immunoglobulin-e
#2
REVIEW
Girolamo Pelaia, Giorgio Walter Canonica, Andrea Matucci, Rossella Paolini, Massimo Triggiani, Pierluigi Paggiaro
Asthma is a complex chronic inflammatory disease of multifactorial etiology. International guidelines increasingly recognize that a standard "one size fits all" approach is no longer an effective approach to achieve optimal treatment outcomes, and a number of disease phenotypes have been proposed for asthma, which has the potential to guide treatment decisions. Among the many asthma phenotypes, allergic asthma represents the widest and most easily recognized asthma phenotype, present in up to two-thirds of adults with asthma...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720261/motivation-to-uphold-physical-activity-in-women-with-breast-cancer-during-adjuvant-chemotherapy-treatment
#3
Anna Wilhelmsson, Maria Roos, Lars Hagberg, Yvonne Wengström, Karin Blomberg
PURPOSE: Physical activity (PA) is important for recovery after a breast cancer diagnosis; however, women's motivation to engage in PA can be impacted by disease and/or treatment, and can therefore be a challenge. This study explored factors associated with PA levels during chemotherapy among women with breast cancer. METHOD: The study had a cross-sectional descriptive and comparative design using a study-specific questionnaire. One hundred women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy were included...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712313/compulsory-military-service-as-a-measure-of-later-physical-and-cognitive-performance-in-male-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#4
Ritva Ahomäki, Arja Harila-Saari, Kai Parkkola, Jaakko Matomäki, Päivi M Lähteenmäki
BACKGROUND: Compromised physical fitness and cognitive difficulties have been reported as late effects of cancer treatment during childhood. To assess this issue, the military rankings of cancer survivors in medical checkups at call-up, and conscripts' physical and cognitive performance during the first weeks of compulsory military education were compared to those of matched population controls without a history of cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1680 male patients born between 1960 and 1992 with a malignancy diagnosed before the age of 16 who were alive at the call-up age (18 years) were identified using the Finnish Cancer Registry, and five age, sex and place of residence matched controls for each patient using the Population Register Centre...
July 15, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709427/investigation-of-irradiated-volume-in-linac-based-brain-hypo-fractionated-stereotactic-radiotherapy
#5
Mark Ruschin, Arjun Sahgal, Hany Soliman, Sten Myrehaug, May Tsao, Collins Yeboah, Arman Sarfehnia, Brige Chugh, Alex Kiss, Young Lee
BACKGROUND: Emerging techniques such as brain hypo-fractionated radiotherapy (HF-RT) involve complex cases with limited guidelines for plan quality and normal tissue tolerances. The purpose of the present study was to statistically parameterize irradiated volume independently of dose prescription, or margin to determine what spread in achievable irradiated volume one may expect for a given case. METHODS: We defined EXT as the total tissue within the external contour of the patient (including the target) and we defined BMP as the contour of the brain minus PTV...
July 14, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704901/the-gaps-between-knowing-and-doing-in-hearing-aid-fitting-management
#6
Soo Hee Oh, Kyoungwon Lee, Junghak Lee
Evidence based practice has become an important aspect in many healthcare provisions to improve patient outcomes. Investigating the gaps between knowing and doing in audiology practice will provide future directions for successful service delivery. The purpose of this study was to explore "know-do" gaps related to professional awareness and attitude in hearing aid fitting management (HAFM) by analyzing data of a questionnaire. It consisted of 22 questions focusing on 11 HAFM components. Each component had two sub-questions involving levels of the importance and practice for HAFM...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703222/transparency-of-genetic-testing-services-for-health-wellness-and-lifestyle-analysis-of-online-prepurchase-information-for-uk-consumers
#7
Jacqueline A Hall, Rena Gertz, Joan Amato, Claudia Pagliari
The declining cost of DNA sequencing has been accompanied by a proliferation of companies selling 'direct-to-consumer genetic testing' (DTC-GT) services. Many of these are marketed online as tools for enabling citizens to make more informed decisions about their health, wellness and lifestyle. We assessed the 'information for consumers' provided by these companies at the prepurchase stage, which could influence initial decisions to part with money, data or tissue samples. A scoping exercise revealed 65 DTC-GT companies advertising their services online to consumers in the United Kingdom, of which 15 met our inclusion criteria...
August 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702821/-bilateral-cochlear-implants
#8
REVIEW
J Müller
Cochlear implants (CI) are standard for the hearing rehabilitation of severe to profound deafness. Nowadays, if bilaterally indicated, bilateral implantation is usually recommended (in accordance with German guidelines). Bilateral implantation enables better speech discrimination in quiet and in noise, and restores directional and spatial hearing. Children with bilateral CI are able to undergo hearing-based hearing and speech development. Within the scope of their individual possibilities, bilaterally implanted children develop faster than children with unilateral CI and attain, e...
July 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701888/pharmacological-treatment-of-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#9
REVIEW
Kazuhiro Yamamoto
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction is a socioeconomic burden in Japan as well as other developed countries. Diuretics are widely used to attenuate symptoms and signs of congestion in both heart failure with preserved and reduced ejection fraction, although their effects on long-term prognosis of both phenotypes of heart failure have not been demonstrated because of an ethical difficulty in designing a randomized and prospective clinical trial. Guidelines do not provide any guidance on therapy choice, and physicians blindly choose furosemide among loop diuretics in current clinical settings...
June 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701372/guidelines-for-reporting-meta-epidemiological-methodology-research
#10
Mohammad Hassan Murad, Zhen Wang
Published research should be reported to evidence users with clarity and transparency that facilitate optimal appraisal and use of evidence and allow replication by other researchers. Guidelines for such reporting are available for several types of studies but not for meta-epidemiological methodology studies. Meta-epidemiological studies adopt a systematic review or meta-analysis approach to examine the impact of certain characteristics of clinical studies on the observed effect and provide empirical evidence for hypothesised associations...
July 12, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697513/-prevalence-risk-factors-and-diagnostics-of-hearing-impairment-in-preterm-infants
#11
C Franck, W Vorwerk, A Köhn, A Rißmann, U Vorwerk
Introduction: The preterm birth is clearly associated with increased risk of developing congenital hearing impairment. Therefore, special attention must be paid to the postnatal control of auditory function in all preterm infants. The present work investigates if the latest scientific findings regarding prevalence, clinical diagnostics, therapy and risk factors of hearing impairment in premature infants are regularly implemented in daily practice. Methods: At the department of phoniatrics and pediatric audiology of the University Hospital of Magdeburg, the treatment data of 126 preterm children born between 2006 and 2011 were evaluated retrospectively...
June 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696842/factors-associated-with-in-school-physical-activity-among-urban-children-with-asthma
#12
Marina Reznik, Florinda Islamovic, Jaeun Choi, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Alex V Rowlands
OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine if in-school physical activity (PA) varied by age, gender, weight and asthma status, participation in physical education (PE), outdoor recess, and other in-school PA among urban schoolchildren with asthma. METHODS: PA was measured by tri-axial accelerometers. Height and mass were measured and overweight defined as BMI ≥85(th) percentile. Asthma impairment and risk were assessed as per national guidelines and asthma status variable with 3 categories (mild, moderate and severe) was created...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696407/country-and-gender-specific-achievement-of-healthy-nutrition-and-physical-activity-guidelines-latent-class-analysis-of-6266-university-students-in-egypt-libya-and-palestine
#13
Walid El Ansari, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff
Research on healthy behaviour such as physical activity and healthy nutrition and their combination is lacking among university students in Arab countries. The current survey assessed healthy nutrition, and moderate/vigorous physical activity (PA) of 6266 students in Egypt, Libya, and Palestine. We computed a nutrition guideline achievement index using WHO recommendation, as well as the achievement of PA recommendations using guidelines for adults of the American Heart Association guidelines. Latent class regression analysis identified homogenous groups of male and female students, based on their achievements of both guidelines...
July 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694268/the-effect-of-changes-in-cervical-cancer-screening-guidelines-on-chlamydia-testing
#14
Michelle S Naimer, Jeffrey C Kwong, Deepit Bhatia, Rahim Moineddin, Michael Whelan, Michael A Campitelli, Liane Macdonald, Aisha Lofters, Ashleigh Tuite, Tali Bogler, Joanne A Permaul, Warren J McIsaac
PURPOSE: Many chlamydia infections are identified through screening, which is frequently offered to females concomitantly with cervical cancer screening. Recent cervical cancer screening guidelines recommend screening less frequently and starting later. We sought to evaluate the impact of the May 2012 Ontario, Canada, cervical cancer screening guideline change on Papanicolaou (Pap) and chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia) testing and incidence. METHODS: We extracted population-based physician billing claims data to identify Pap and chlamydia tests and public health surveillance data to identify chlamydia cases...
July 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694186/the-role-of-exercise-in-atrial-fibrillation-prevention-and-promotion-finding-optimal-ranges-for-health
#15
Adrian D Elliott, Benjamin Maatman, Michael S Emery, Prashanthan Sanders
The cardiovascular benefits of regular exercise have been well described, including a significant reduction in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality for those meeting recommended guidelines. Yet the impact of physical activity on the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been less clear. This review seeks to define the optimal dose and duration for the prevention and treatment of AF. In doing so, we review the evidence that supports a decline in AF risk for those who achieve a weekly physical activity dose slightly above the current recommended guidelines...
July 7, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689843/nonpharmacologic-therapy-for-severe-persistent-asthma
#16
Chase Hall, Linda Nici, Shweta Sood, Richard ZuWallack, Mario Castro
The treatment of asthma largely depends on guideline-based pharmacologic therapies. However, nonpharmacologic therapies for asthma such as pulmonary rehabilitation, focused breathing techniques, and bronchial thermoplasty have an important, yet underappreciated, role. Structured pulmonary rehabilitation programs can reduce dyspnea and increase cardiopulmonary fitness. The educational component of these programs can ensure that therapies are being used appropriately, increase compliance, and decrease health care utilization...
July 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675343/state-of-the-art-in-the-validation-of-screening-methods-for-the-control-of-antibiotic-residues-is-there-a-need-for-further-development
#17
Valérie Gaudin
Screening methods are used as a first-line approach to detect the presence of antibiotic residues in food of animal origin. The validation process guarantees that the method is fit-for-purpose, suited to regulatory requirements, and provides evidence of its performance. This article is focused on intra-laboratory validation. The first step in validation is characterisation of performance, and the second step is the validation itself with regard to pre-established criteria. The validation approaches can be absolute (a single method) or relative (comparison of methods), overall (combination of several characteristics in one) or criterion-by-criterion...
July 4, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675190/feasibility-of-a-respiratory-nurse-specialist-led-sleep-disorder-service-in-a-district-general-hospital
#18
D M Comer
Aim The burden of referrals to investigate sleep disorders has escalated considerably. In order to address this, the feasibility of a nurse-led sleep disorder clinic was investigated. Methods Sleep referrals were stratified on the basis of information contained within the primary care referral, and appropriate home-based sleep studies arranged if obstructive sleep apnoea was considered the most likely working diagnosis. Selected patients were started on continuous positive airway pressure treatment if deemed appropriate...
June 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668080/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-canine-brief-pain-inventory-in-a-swedish-sample-of-dogs-with-pain-related-to-osteoarthritis
#19
Ann Essner Essner, Lena Zetterberg, Karin Hellström, Pia Gustås, Hans Högberg, Rita Sjöström
BACKGROUND: To evaluate intervention, implement evidence-based practice and enhance the welfare of dogs with naturally occurring osteoarthritis (OA), access to valid, reliable and clinically relevant outcome measures is crucial for researchers, veterinarians and rehabilitation practitioners. The objectives of the present study were to translate and evaluate psychometric properties, in terms of internal consistency and construct validity, of the owner-reported measure canine brief pain inventory (CBPI) in a Swedish sample of dogs with pain related to OA...
July 1, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665209/speech-language-pathology-in-paediatric-palliative-care-a-scoping-review-of-role-and-practice
#20
Lillian Krikheli, Bernice A Mathisen, Lindsay B Carey
PURPOSE: Attempts have been made within the literature to clarify the role and scope of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) within paediatric palliative care (PPC). As SLP literature regarding adult/geriatric populations is gaining traction, it is fitting to investigate the role of SLPs in the management of infants and children in end-of-life care. METHOD: Arksey and O'Malley's ( 2005 ) scoping review method was utilised for searching multiple databases. Two database searches were undertaken...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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