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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212677/fit-for-purpose-perspectives-on-rapid-reviews-from-end-user-interviews
#1
Lisa Hartling, Jeanne-Marie Guise, Susanne Hempel, Robin Featherstone, Matthew D Mitchell, Makalapua L Motu'apuaka, Karen A Robinson, Karen Schoelles, Annette Totten, Evelyn Whitlock, Timothy J Wilt, Johanna Anderson, Elise Berliner, Aysegul Gozu, Elisabeth Kato, Robin Paynter, Craig A Umscheid
BACKGROUND: There is increasing demand for rapid reviews and timely evidence synthesis. The goal of this project was to understand end-user perspectives on the utility and limitations of rapid products including evidence inventories, rapid responses, and rapid reviews. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with key informants representing: guideline developers (n = 3), health care providers/health system organizations (n = 3), research funders (n = 1), and payers/health insurers (n = 1)...
February 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210537/multilevel-predictors-of-colorectal-cancer-testing-modality-among-publicly-and-privately-insured-people-turning-50
#2
Stephanie B Wheeler, Tzy-Mey Kuo, Anne Marie Meyer, Christa E Martens, Kristen M Hassmiller Lich, Florence K L Tangka, Lisa C Richardson, Ingrid J Hall, Judith Lee Smith, Maria E Mayorga, Paul Brown, Trisha M Crutchfield, Michael P Pignone
Understanding multilevel predictors of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening test modality can help inform screening program design and implementation. We used North Carolina Medicare, Medicaid, and private, commercially available, health plan insurance claims data from 2003 to 2008 to ascertain CRC test modality among people who received CRC screening around their 50th birthday, when guidelines recommend that screening should commence for normal risk individuals. We ascertained receipt of colonoscopy, fecal occult blood test (FOBT) and fecal immunochemical test (FIT) from billing codes...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207987/fitness-to-drive-how-well-do-we-know-the-rules-survey-of-19-ent-surgeons-in-wales
#3
Darren Yap, Adam Shakir, Rhodri Costello, Simon Browning
Emergency department doctors and General Practitioners have a role in advising patients of their obligations to inform the DVLA regarding medical conditions that affect their ability to drive. Current guidelines are clear that the initial communication to the DVLA should be from the patient(1) . However, doctors should contact the DVLA directly if there are good reasons to do so(2) . Studies have shown that doctors' knowledge of medical restrictions placed on driving is poor (3,4,5,6) . Even if the need for a medical restriction is known, doctors are often not aware of the notification process...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202823/-participation-of-people-with-epilepsy-in-sports
#4
Sadatoshi Tsuji
People with epilepsy (PWE) have been discouraged from participating in exercise and sports because of the fear of inducing seizures or increasing seizure frequency, risks associated with such activities, stigma, and overprotection. Recently, there has been a shift in the medical recommendations toward encouraging, rather than restricting, participation. Cases of exercise-induced seizures are rare. Physical activity can exert beneficial actions, such as a reduction in seizure susceptibility and the number of seizures, improvement in quality of life (QOL), and better social integration...
February 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194279/non-linear-modelling-to-describe-lactation-curve-in-gir-crossbred-cows
#5
Yogesh C Bangar, Med Ram Verma
BACKGROUND: The modelling of lactation curve provides guidelines in formulating farm managerial practices in dairy cows. The aim of the present study was to determine the suitable non-linear model which most accurately fitted to lactation curves of five lactations in 134 Gir crossbred cows reared in Research-Cum-Development Project (RCDP) on Cattle farm, MPKV (Maharashtra). Four models viz. gamma-type function, quadratic model, mixed log function and Wilmink model were fitted to each lactation separately and then compared on the basis of goodness of fit measures viz...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192758/ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-simple-and-simultaneous-quantification-of-cannabinoids
#6
Rohitash Jamwal, Ariel R Topletz, Bharat Ramratnam, Fatemeh Akhlaghi
Cannabis is used widely in the United States, both recreationally and for medical purposes. Current methods for analysis of cannabinoids in human biological specimens rely on complex extraction process and lengthy analysis time. We established a rapid and simple assay for quantification of Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), 11-hydroxy Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (11-OH THC) and 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannbinol (THCCOOH) in human plasma by U-HPLC-MS/MS usingΔ9-tetrahydrocannabinol-D3 (THC-D3) as the internal standard...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187344/evaluation-of-implementing-a-community-based-exercise-intervention-during-pregnancy
#7
Lene A H Haakstad, Birgitte Sanda, Ingvild Vistad, Linda Reme Sagedal, Hilde Lohne Seiler, Monica K Torstveit
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the implementation of a community-based exercise intervention (the Norwegian Fit for Delivery study) during pregnancy. DESIGN: descriptive, explorative. SETTING: healthcare clinics in southern Norway, including urban and rural settings. PARTICIPANTS: healthy, nulliparous women with singleton pregnancy of ≤20 gestational weeks, age ≥18 years and body mass index ≥19kg/m(2). METHODS: women were randomised to either twice-weekly supervised exercise sessions combined with nutritional counselling (n=303) or standard prenatal care (n=303)...
January 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185297/physical-activity-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-participation-predictors-barriers-and-facilitators
#8
Tanya Gustaw, Emma Schoo, Colleen Barbalinardo, Nicole Rodrigues, Yalda Zameni, Vinícius Nogueira Motta, Sunita Mathur, Tania Janaudis-Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Our objectives were to describe the physical activity (PA) levels, predictors, barriers and facilitators to PA in SOT recipients. METHODS: A web-based questionnaire was sent to members of the Canadian Transplant Association including the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE), and questions regarding barriers and facilitators of PA. RESULTS: One hundred and thirteen SOT recipients completed the survey. The median PASE score was 164...
February 10, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181201/management-of-hypertension-in-the-elderly-and-frail-elderly
#9
REVIEW
Claudio Ferri, Livia Ferri, Giovambattista Desideri
An elevated systolic but not diastolic blood pressure level represents a common finding in elderly patients and is associated with an increased risk for developing coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral artery disease, progressive cognitive decline and renal failure. Although less frequently, elderly patients manifest not only with systolic but also diastolic hypertension. Also in this case, the elderly patient will present an increased risk for developing hypertension-related abnormalities...
March 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180201/thyroid-ultrasound-state-of-the-art-part-1-thyroid-ultrasound-reporting-and-diffuse-thyroid-diseases
#10
REVIEW
Manjiri Dighe, Richard Barr, Jörg Bojunga, Vito Cantisani, Maria Cristina Chammas, David Cosgrove, Xin Wu Cui, Yi Dong, Franziska Fenner, Maija Radzina, Sudhir Vinayak, Jun Mei Xu, Christoph F Dietrich
Accurate differentiation of focal thyroid nodules (FTL) and thyroid abnormalities is pivotal for proper diagnostic and therapeutic work-up. In these two part articles, the role of ultrasound techniques in the characterization of FTL and evaluation of diffuse thyroid diseases is described to expand on the recently published World Federation in Ultrasound and Medicine (WFUMB) thyroid elastography guidelines and review how this guideline fits into a complete thyroid ultrasound exam.
January 31, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178928/measurement-of-blood-pressure-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-hypertension-in-different-ethnic-groups-one-size-fits-all
#11
Paramjit Gill, M Sayeed Haque, Una Martin, Jonathan Mant, Mohammed A Mohammed, Gurdip Heer, Amanpreet Johal, Ramandeep Kaur, Claire Schwartz, Sally Wood, Sheila M Greenfield, Richard J McManus
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and prevalence varies by ethnic group. The diagnosis and management of blood pressure are informed by guidelines largely based on data from white populations. This study addressed whether accuracy of blood pressure measurement in terms of diagnosis of hypertension varies by ethnicity by comparing two measurement modalities (clinic blood pressure and home monitoring) with a reference standard of ambulatory BP monitoring in three ethnic groups...
February 8, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176303/association-between-age-and-access-to-immediate-breast-reconstruction-in-women-undergoing-mastectomy-for-breast-cancer
#12
R Jeevan, J P Browne, C Gulliver-Clarke, J Pereira, C M Caddy, J H P van der Meulen, D A Cromwell
BACKGROUND: National guidelines state that patients with breast cancer undergoing mastectomy in England should be offered immediate breast reconstruction (IR), unless precluded by their fitness for surgery or the need for adjuvant therapies. METHODS: A national study investigated factors that influenced clinicians' decision to offer IR, and collected data on case mix, operative procedures and reconstructive decision-making among women with breast cancer having a mastectomy with or without IR in the English National Health Service between 1 January 2008 and 31 March 2009...
February 8, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164727/psychometric-properties-of-the-vanderbilt-adhd-diagnostic-rating-scale-completed-by-juvenile-corrections-staff
#13
Regina Bussing, Joseph C Gagnon, Cynthia W Garvan, Cecelia Ribuffo-Duggan, David Houchins
OBJECTIVE: This research tests the psychometric performance of the Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Teacher Rating Scale (VADTRS) completed by juvenile corrections (JC) staff. METHOD: With institutional review board (IRB) approval and appropriate consents/assents, data were collected from case managers ( n = 18), teachers ( n = 9), youth ( n = 261), and an administrative database. Separate psychometric analyses were conducted for case managers and teachers. RESULTS: For both respondent groups, 2-week retest reliability and internal consistency were high for all four VADTRS subscales, and confirmatory factor analysis suggested fit with previously reported VADTRS subscale structure...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160148/frequent-occurrence-of-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-hetero-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolates-in-different-african-countries
#14
C Coelho, H de Lencastre, M Aires-de-Sousa
High rates of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (SXT) resistance, a combination of two antifolate antibiotics trimethoprim (TMP) and sulfamethoxazole (SMZ), have been reported among Staphylococcus aureus isolates in Portuguese-speaking African countries. Our study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of TMP resistance markers in major SXT(R) methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) clones from these countries. We accessed also different fitness traits that could explain the success of these isolates over the Brazilian MRSA (the most successful SXT(R) MRSA clone worldwide but never identified in these countries)...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157185/physical-activity-is-low-in-obese-new-zealand-children-and-adolescents
#15
Yvonne C Anderson, Lisa E Wynter, Cameron C Grant, Joanna M Stewart, Tami L Cave, Cervantée E K Wild, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
We aimed to describe physical activity and sedentary behaviour of obese children and adolescents in Taranaki, New Zealand, and to determine how these differ in Māori (indigenous) versus non-indigenous children. Participants (n = 239; 45% Māori, 45% New Zealand European [NZE], 10% other ethnicities) aged 4.8-16.8 years enrolled in a community-based obesity programme from January 2012 to August 2014 who had a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 98(th) percentile (n = 233) or >91(st)-98(th) percentile with weight-related comorbidities (n = 6) were assessed...
February 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154864/development-of-polyparameter-linear-free-energy-relationship-models-for-octanol-air-partition-coefficients-of-diverse-chemicals
#16
Xiaochen Jin, Zhiqiang Fu, Xuehua Li, Jingwen Chen
The octanol-air partition coefficient (KOA) is a key parameter describing the partition behavior of organic chemicals between air and environmental organic phases. As the experimental determination of KOA is costly, time-consuming and sometimes limited by the availability of authentic chemical standards for the compounds to be determined, it becomes necessary to develop credible predictive models for KOA. In this study, a polyparameter linear free energy relationship (pp-LFER) model for predicting KOA at 298...
February 3, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133739/refuting-the-myth-of-non-response-to-exercise-training-non-responders-do-respond-to-higher-dose-of-training
#17
David Montero, Carsten Lundby
One in five adults following physical activity guidelines are reported not demonstrating any improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Herein, we sought to establish whether CRF non-response to exercise training is dose-dependent, using a between- and within-subject study design. Seventy-eight healthy adults were divided into 5 groups ('1', '2', '3', '4' and '5') respectively comprising 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 × 60 min exercise sessions per week but otherwise following an identical 6-week endurance training (ET) program...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132086/incidence-and-prognostic-factors-for-postoperative-frozen-shoulder-after-shoulder-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Rinco C T Koorevaar, Esther Van't Riet, Marcel Ipskamp, Sjoerd K Bulstra
PURPOSE: Frozen shoulder is a potential complication after shoulder surgery. It is a clinical condition that is often associated with marked disability and can have a profound effect on the patient's quality of life. The incidence, etiology, pathology and prognostic factors of postoperative frozen shoulder after shoulder surgery are not known. The purpose of this explorative study was to determine the incidence of postoperative frozen shoulder after various operative shoulder procedures...
January 28, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128742/a-systematic-review-of-the-performance-of-the-sept9-gene-methylation-assay-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-monitoring-diagnosis-and-prognosis
#19
Lele Song, Haotian Yu, Jia Jia, Yuemin Li
BACKGROUND: The applications of the SEPT9 assay are expanding from CRC early diagnosis to screening, therapeutic effect monitoring and prognosis prediction. Its performance in these areas has not been thoroughly examined. OBJECTIVE: We aim to evaluate the performance of the SEPT9 assay in CRC screening, diagnosis and therapy by reviewing the current data published in these aspects. METHODS: The Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, CBMdisc (China Biology Medicine disc) and CJFD (Chinese Journal Full - text Database) database were searched for potential reports on the assay performance...
January 20, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125753/photographic-standards-for-patients-with-facial-palsy-and-recommendations-by-members-of-the-sir-charles-bell-society
#20
Katherine B Santosa, Adel Fattah, Javier Gavilán, Tessa A Hadlock, Alison K Snyder-Warwick
Importance: There is no widely accepted assessment tool or common language used by clinicians caring for patients with facial palsy, making exchange of information challenging. Standardized photography may represent such a language and is imperative for precise exchange of information and comparison of outcomes in this special patient population. Objectives: To review the literature to evaluate the use of facial photography in the management of patients with facial palsy and to examine the use of photography in documenting facial nerve function among members of the Sir Charles Bell Society-a group of medical professionals dedicated to care of patients with facial palsy...
January 26, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
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