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running guidelines

Landon W Trost, Ricardo Munarriz, Run Wang, Allen Morey, Laurence Levine
INTRODUCTION: The field of sexual medicine is continuously advancing, with novel outcomes reported on a regular basis. Given the rapid evolution, updated guidelines are essential to inform practicing clinicians on best practices. AIM: To summarize the current literature and provide clinical guidelines on penile traction therapy, vacuum erection devices, and penile revascularization. METHODS: A consensus panel was held with leading sexual medicine experts during the 2015 International Consultation on Sexual Medicine (ICSM)...
November 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Ricardo Pagan
BACKGROUND: Although sleep is considered an essential part of individuals' lives, there are no previous studies analysing how sleep duration affects the levels of life satisfaction reported by males and females with disabilities. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To analyse and compare the impact of hours of sleep on life satisfaction scores reported by people without and with disabilities (stratified by sex) in Germany. METHODS: Using data taken from the German Socio-Economic Panel for the period 2008-2013, we estimate life satisfaction equations for males and females (running a fixed-effects model) which include a set of variables measuring the number of sleep hours on workdays and weekends...
October 11, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Jacqueline Kerr, Catherine R Marinac, Katherine Ellis, Suneeta Godbole, Aaron Hipp, Karen Glanz, Jonathan Mitchell, Francine Laden, Peter James, David Berrigan
PURPOSE: To compare physical activity estimates across different accelerometer wear locations, wear time protocols, and data processing techniques. METHODS: A convenience sample of middle aged to older women wore a GT3X+ accelerometer at the wrist and hip for 7 days. Physical activity estimates were calculated using three data processing techniques: single axis cut points, raw vector magnitude thresholds, and machine learning algorithms applied to the raw data from the three axes...
October 14, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Eduard Bleijenberg, Rudolph W Koster, Hendrik de Vries, Stefanie G Beesems
PURPOSE: The Guidelines place emphasis on high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This study aims to measure the impact of post-resuscitation feedback on the quality of CPR as performed by ambulance personnel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two ambulances are dispatched for suspected cardiac arrest. The crew (driver and paramedic) of the first arriving ambulance is responsible for the quality of CPR. The crew of the second ambulance establishes an intravenous access and supports the first crew...
October 14, 2016: Resuscitation
Satish Kumar, Abu Rustum, Nilusha Padivitage
Afoxolaner is a new antiparasitic molecule from the isoxazoline family that acts on insect acarine γ-aminobutyric acid and glutamate receptors. Afoxolaner is a racemic mixture, which has a chiral center at the isoxazoline ring. A reversed-phase chiral HPLC method has been developed to determine the chiral purity of bulk batches of (S)-enantiomer in afoxolaner for the first time. This method can also be used to verify that afoxolaner is a racemic mixture, which was demonstrated by specific rotation. ChromSword, an artificial intelligence method development tool, was used for initial method development...
October 13, 2016: Journal of AOAC International
Catherine M Wright, Paula J Duquesnay, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Virginia R Chomitz, Kenneth Chui, Christina D Economos, Elizabeth G Langevin, Miriam E Nelson, Jennifer M Sacheck
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is critical to preventing childhood obesity and contributes to children's overall physical and cognitive health, yet fewer than half of all children achieve the recommended 60 min per day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Schools are an ideal setting to meeting PA guidelines, but competing demands and limited resources have impacted PA opportunities. The Fueling Learning through Exercise (FLEX) Study is a randomized controlled trial that will evaluate the impact of two innovative school-based PA programs on children's MVPA, cognitive function, and academic outcomes...
October 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
Jean Christophe Rusatira, Brian Tomaszewski, Vincent Dusabejambo, Vincent Ndayiragije, Snedden Gonsalves, Aishwarya Sawant, Angeline Mumararungu, George Gasana, Etienne Amendezo, Anne Haake, Leon Mutesa
BACKGROUND: Lack of access to health and medical education resources for doctors in the developing world is a serious global health problem. In Rwanda, with a population of 11 million, there is only one medical school, hence a shortage in well-trained medical staff. The growth of interactive health technologies has played a role in the improvement of health care in developed countries and has offered alternative ways to offer continuous medical education while improving patient's care...
June 1, 2016: JMIR Med Educ
Hannah Burke, Jenny Davis, Sian Evans, Laura Flower, Andrew Tan, Ramesh J Kurukulaaratchy
Up to 10% of asthmatics have "difficult asthma"; however, they account for 80% of asthma-related expenditure and run the highest risk of acute severe exacerbations. An estimated 75% of admissions for asthma are avoidable. Guidelines advise that these patients be managed by an experienced specialist multidisciplinary team (MDT). We aimed to assess the impact of a case management strategy delivered via specialist MDTs on acute healthcare utilisation of patients with frequent asthma admissions. An MDT (consultant, specialist nurse, physiotherapist and psychologist) case management strategy was introduced in 2010 at University Hospital Southampton Foundation Trust (Southampton, UK) to support patients with frequent asthma admissions during admission and then in clinic...
July 2016: ERJ Open Research
M Schädel-Höpfner, B Bickert, C Dumont, P Laier, R Meier, A Nusche, T Pillukat, H Rosenthal, R Schmitt, F Siemers, A Zach, M Jung
BACKGROUND: Scaphoid fractures represent the most common carpal fractures and are often problematic and frequently lead to nonunion with osteoarthritis and collapse of the wrist. The reasons for the nonunion are manifold. Therefore, the main goal of diagnosis and therapy of acute fractures is to achieve bony union and to restore the anatomic shape of the scaphoid. In the long run, only this can preserve the normal function of the wrist. METHODOLOGY: The given recommendations are based on the new S3-level guideline of the AWMF (Association of the Scientific Medical Societies)...
October 10, 2016: Der Orthopäde
Anastasia J Gage, Onyebuchi Ilombu, Akanni Ibukun Akinyemi
BACKGROUND: Existing studies of delivery care in Nigeria have identified socioeconomic and cultural factors as the primary determinants of health facility delivery. However, no study has investigated the association between supply-side factors and health facility delivery. Our study analyzed the role of supply-side factors, particularly health facility readiness and management practices for provision of quality maternal health services. METHODS: Using linked data from the 2005 and 2009 health facility and household surveys in the five states in which the Community Participation for Action in the Social Sector (COMPASS) project was implemented, indices of health service readiness and management were developed based on World Health Organization guidelines...
October 6, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Sarah Henderson, Tina Smith, Jenny Alexanders, Thomas Shaw, Lois Smith, Alan Nevill, Anna Anderson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate half marathon runners' frequency of use of recovery strategies, perceptions regarding the most beneficial recovery strategy and reasons for using recovery strategies. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: 186 participants of the 13.1 mile BUPA Great North Run 2013. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed which required participants to indicate how frequently they used twelve different recovery strategies, identify which recovery strategy they believed to be most beneficial and rank six reasons for using recovery strategies in order of importance...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Behrooz Hashemi, Saeed Safari, Mostafa Hosseini, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Elham Erfani, Alireza Baratloo, Farhad Rahmati, Maryam Motamedi, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Iraj Najafi
CONTEXT: Crush syndrome and its potentially life-threatening complications, such as acute kidney injury (AKI), are one of the most important medical problems of disaster victims. However, today, many unanswered questions abound about the potential risk factors of crush syndrome, predictive factors of AKI, proper amount of prophylactic hydration therapy, type of fluid, time of continuing fluid, intravenous versus oral hydration, etc. Therefore, this study was designed to review the findings on Iranian nephrologist experiences in diagnosis and management of traumatic rhabdomyolysis following the last two strong earthquakes of Bam (2003) and Manjil-Rudbar (1990)...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Anni Pakarinen, Heidi Parisod, Jouni Smed, Sanna Salanterä
AIM: To describe and explore health game interventions that enhance the physical activity self-efficacy of children and to evaluate the effectiveness of these interventions. BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity among children has increased globally. Self-efficacy is one of the key determinants of physical activity engagement in children. There is a need to explore new and innovative interventions to enhance physical activity self-efficacy that are also acceptable for today's children...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Bethany Lanese
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to test and measure the outcome of a community hospital in implementing the Affordable Care Act (ACA) through a co-management arrangement. RQ1: do the benefits of a co-management arrangement outweigh the costs? RQ2: does physician alignment aid in the effective implementation of the ACA directives set for hospitals? Design/methodology/approach A case study of a 350-bed non-profit community hospital co-management company. The quantitative data are eight quarters of quality metrics prior and eight quarters post establishment of the co-management company...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Health Organization and Management
N H Lindkaer Jensen, T M Cook, F E Kelly
The Fourth National Audit Project (NAP4) recommended airway training for trainee and trained anaesthetists. As the skills required for management of airway emergencies differ from routine skills and these events are rare, practical training is likely to require training workshops. In 2013, we surveyed all UK National Health Service hospitals to examine the current practices regarding airway training workshops. We received responses from 206 hospitals (62%) covering all regions. Regarding airway workshops, 16% provide none and 51% only for trainees...
November 2016: Anaesthesia
Beth A Smith, Anna M Georgiopoulos, Alexandra L Quittner
Research shows that individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) and their families experience significant emotional morbidity. In addition to distress, worry, and grief, high rates of clinically significant symptoms of depression and anxiety have been found in both individuals with CF and parents. These disorders have a major impact on the person's functioning, and that of their family, and adversely impact the capacity to cope with the burden of CF and adhere to prescribed treatments. Despite growing recognition that mental health care is an essential component of comprehensive CF care, evidence suggests many patients and their families do not receive needed support and mental health interventions...
October 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Yun Ling, Wen Chang Xie, Guo Kun Liu, Run Wen Yan, De Yin Wu, Jing Tang
Inter- and intra- molecular hydrogen bonding plays important role in determining molecular structure, physical and chemical properties, which may be easily ignored for molecules with a non-typical hydrogen bonding structure. We demonstrated in this paper that the hydrogen bonding is responsible for the different Raman spectra in solid and solution states of p-Nitrothiophenol (PNTP). The consistence of the theoretical calculation and experiment reveals that the intermolecular hydrogen bonding yields an octatomic ring structure (8) of PNTP in the solid state, confirmed by the characteristic S-H---O stretching vibration mode at 2550 cm(-1); when it comes to the solution state, the breakage of hydrogen bond of S-H---O induced the S-H stretching vibration at 2590 cm(-1)...
2016: Scientific Reports
T Saller, V V Dossow, K Hofmann-Kiefer
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common complication in critical care. The syndrome is often underestimated due to its potentially no less dangerous course as a hypoactive delirium. Therefore, current guidelines ask for a structured, regular and routine screening in all intensive care units. If delirium is diagnosed, symptomatic therapy should be initiated promptly. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to evaluate recent German anesthetists' strategies regarding delirium care compared to the German guidelines for sedation and delirium in intensive care...
October 2016: Der Anaesthesist
Joana Luísa Pereira, Patrícia Pereira, Ana Padeiro, Fernando Gonçalves, Eduardo Amaro, Marcelo Leppe, Sergey Verkulich, Kevin A Hughes, Hans-Ulrich Peter, João Canário
Generally, Antarctica is considered to be an untouched area of the planet; however, the region's ecosystems have been subject to increased human pressure for at least the past half-century. This study assessed soils of Fildes Peninsula, where trace element pollution is thought to prevail. Four soil samples were collected from different locations and assessed following tier 1 methodologies for chemical and ecotoxicological lines of evidence (LoE) used in typical soil Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA). Trace element quantification was run on soil samples and sequential extracts, and elutriates were used to address their ecotoxicity using a standard ecotoxicological battery...
September 16, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Othoniel Hugo Aragon-Martinez, Mario Alberto Isiordia-Espinoza, Othir Galicia, Saray Aranda Romo, Alejandro Gómez Gómez, Silvia Romano-Moreno, Flavio Martinez-Morales
OBJECTIVES: Levofloxacin monitoring is recommended to obtain clinical cure and low incidence of antimicrobial resistance. During the monitoring procedure, levofloxacin should be measured in plasma samples and several assays are reported for this purpose. However, those methods do not have all of the characteristics for an accessible and reliable drug monitoring. For this reason, we develop a method that has all of the essential characteristics for levofloxacin monitoring. DESIGN AND METHODS: The procedure of validation was done in terms of Food and Drug Administration guidelines...
September 13, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
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