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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785797/relationship-between-handgrip-strength-and-pulmonary-function-in-apparently-healthy-older-women
#1
Da-Hye Son, Ji-Won Yoo, Mi-Ra Cho, Yong-Jae Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between handgrip strength and pulmonary function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of older Korean women. SETTING: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling women aged 65 and older without chronic diseases or pulmonary disease (N=605). MEASUREMENTS: Handgrip strength was measured using a digital hand dynamometer, and pulmonary function was tested according to guidelines of the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society using a spirometry system...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784902/physician-practice-patterns-and-barriers-to-counselling-on-physical-activity-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#2
Amy Pang, Sarangan Lingham, Weina Zhao, Stephanie Leduc, Agnès Räkel, Ruth Sapir-Pichhadze, Sunita Mathur, Tania Janaudis-Ferreira
BACKGROUND Many solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients fail to meet the recommended physical activity (PA) levels. "Physician recommendation" has previously been reported by SOT recipients as a key facilitator to being more physically active. The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of Canadian SOT physicians providing PA counselling and identify barriers to including such counselling as part of the SOT recipients' routine care. MATERIAL AND METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional web-based survey study to evaluate physicians' PA counselling practices, including the prevalence and barriers to such practice...
May 22, 2018: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783064/aerobic-resistance-or-combined-training-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-exercise-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk-in-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome
#3
Michael A Wewege, Jeanette M Thom, Kerry-Anne Rye, Belinda J Parmenter
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise is beneficial to individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). An understudied group, who represent the majority of the MetS population, are individuals who have not developed diabetes. This review examined aerobic, resistance and combined (aerobic + resistance) exercise for cardiovascular risk factors in MetS without diabetes. METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched up to September 2017 for randomised controlled trials >4 weeks in duration that compared an exercise intervention to the non-exercise control in MetS without diabetes...
May 3, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776899/increasing-physical-activity-in-mothers-using-video-exercise-groups-and-exercise-mobile-apps-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Maya Nina Mascarenhas, June Maylin Chan, Eric Vittinghoff, Erin Lynn Van Blarigan, Frederick Hecht
BACKGROUND: Women significantly decrease their activity levels in the transition to motherhood. Digital health technologies are low cost, scalable, and can provide an effective delivery mechanism for behavior change. This is the first study that examines the use of videoconferencing and mobile apps to create exercise groups for mothers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to test the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of an individually adaptive and socially supportive physical activity intervention incorporating videoconferencing and mobile apps for mothers...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776706/gaps-in-pain-agitation-and-delirium-management-in-intensive-care-outputs-from-a-nurse-workshop
#5
REVIEW
Carsten Hermes, Maria Acevedo-Nuevo, Andrea Berry, Thomas Kjellgren, Alessandra Negro, Paola Massarotto
Significant improvements in our understanding of pain, agitation, and delirium management within the Intensive Care Unit have been made in recent years. International guidelines and implementation bundles have become more evidence-based, patient-centred, and provide clear recommendations on the best-practice management of critically ill patients. However, the intensive care community has highlighted the need for higher-order evidence in several areas of pain, agitation and delirium research and studies suggest that a significant number of intensive care patients still receive outdated treatment as a consequence of inadequate guideline implementation...
May 15, 2018: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775977/-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-fracture-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine
#6
Hartmut Bork, Stefan Simmel, Eckhardt Böhle, Ulrich Ernst, Klaus Fischer, Bernd Fromm, Jean-Jacques Glaesener, Bernhard Greitemann, P Krause, S Panning, V Pullwitt, J Schmidt, Andreas Veihelmann, Lutz Vogt
On the basis of the S2-k guideline "Rehabilitation after traumatic fractures of the thoracic und lumbar spine without neurologic disorder", this article gives an overview of target-oriented rehabilitation of patients with minor fractures or those with column stability and unstable spinal fractures which are stabilised by surgery. To obtain early social and job related reintegration, outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation has to start immediately after treatment in hospital. Rehabilitation must be orientated towards the biopsychosocial model of ICF and has to be adapted for the patient...
May 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775118/blood-flow-restricted-resistance-training-in-patients-with-sporadic-inclusion-body-myositis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
A N Jørgensen, P Aagaard, U Frandsen, E Boyle, L P Diederichsen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of 12 weeks of low-load blood-flow restricted resistance (BFR) training on self-reported and objective physical function, and maximal muscle strength in patients with sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM). METHOD: Twenty-two patients with sIBM were randomized into a training group (BFR group) or a non-exercising control group, according to CONsolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines. The BFR group performed 12 weeks of BFR training twice per week...
May 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773272/juvenile-dermatomyositis-latest-advances
#8
REVIEW
Qiong Wu, Lucy R Wedderburn, Liza J McCann
Registries and biobanks for juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) have generated statistical power to help understand pathogenesis and determine treatment and long-term outcomes in this rare and heterogeneous disease. Genotype, autoantibodies, muscle histology and early clinical features may predict prognosis and guide personalised treatment. While corticosteroids and disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs improve outcomes, there remain children who experience refractory disease. Ongoing research into the aberrant immune response and novel biological targets is necessary...
August 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768089/a-commentary-on-effects-of-regular-physical-activity-on-the-cognitive-performance-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-systematic-review-by-podolski-et-al-metab-syndr-relat-disord-2017-15-481-493
#9
Erin M Shellington, Sonja M Reichert, Robert J Petrella
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) imparts an increased risk for cognitive decline, specifically executive function, which is important to maintain for diabetes self-management. There is evidence to suggest that exercise improves cognition in healthy older adults; however, the literature in adults with T2DM is lacking. This commentary is in complement to Podolski et al.'s systematic review evaluating the effects of physical activity on cognitive function in adults with T2DM. We have included eight additional studies and further highlight their conclusions on the heterogeneity of the literature thus far...
May 16, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764892/intense-exercise-for-survival-among-men-with-metastatic-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer-interval-gap4-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-phase-iii-study-protocol
#10
Robert U Newton, Stacey A Kenfield, Nicolas H Hart, June M Chan, Kerry S Courneya, James Catto, Stephen P Finn, Rosemary Greenwood, Daniel C Hughes, Lorelei Mucci, Stephen R Plymate, Stephan F E Praet, Emer M Guinan, Erin L Van Blarigan, Orla Casey, Mark Buzza, Sam Gledhill, Li Zhang, Daniel A Galvão, Charles J Ryan, Fred Saad
INTRODUCTION: Preliminary evidence supports the beneficial role of physical activity on prostate cancer outcomes. This phase III randomised controlled trial (RCT) is designed to determine if supervised high-intensity aerobic and resistance exercise increases overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Participants (n=866) must have histologically documented metastatic prostate cancer with evidence of progressive disease on androgen deprivation therapy (defined as mCRPC)...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764885/compliance-with-current-vte-prophylaxis-guidelines-and-risk-factors-linked-to-complications-of-vte-prophylaxis-in-medical-inpatients-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-a-spanish-internal-medicine-department
#11
Ignacio Novo-Veleiro, Lucía Alvela-Suárez, Alba Costa-Grille, Javier Suárez-Dono, Fernando Ferrón-Vidan, Antonio Pose-Reino
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the degree of compliance with the current guidelines regarding venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in medical patients during admission and to identify risk factors linked to complications of VTE prophylaxis. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The Internal Medicine Department of the University Hospital of Santiago de Compostela (tertiary referral hospital). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 396 hospitalised, elderly patients who did not undergo surgery and had no active or previous oral anticoagulation or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) treatment (during the previous year) and who received VTE prophylaxis during admission...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761486/treatment-of-atopic-eczema-treat-registry-taskforce-an-international-delphi-exercise-to-identify-a-core-set-of-domains-and-domain-items-for-national-atopic-eczema-photo-and-systemic-therapy-registries
#12
L A A Gerbens, C J Apfelbacher, A D Irvine, S Barbarot, R J de Booij, A E Boyce, M Deleuran, L F Eichenfield, M H Hof, M A Middelkamp-Hup, A Roberts, J Schmitt, C Vestergaard, D Wall, S Weidinger, P R Williamson, C Flohr, P I Spuls
BACKGROUND: Evidence of immunomodulatory therapies to guide clinical management for atopic eczema (AE) is scarce, despite frequent and often off-label use. Patient registries provide valuable evidence for the effects of treatments under real world conditions which can inform treatment guidelines, give the opportunity for health economic evaluation and the evaluation of quality of care, as well as pharmacogenetic and -dynamic research which cannot be adequately addressed in clinical trials...
May 15, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760784/practical-guidance-for-the-management-of-iron-deficiency-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
REVIEW
Dorothea Niepel, Thomas Klag, Nisar P Malek, Jan Wehkamp
Iron deficiency or iron deficiency anemia (IDA) are some of the most common systemic complications of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Symptoms such as fatigue, reduced ability to concentrate and reduced exercise tolerance can mimic common symptoms of IBD and can therefore easily be overseen. Furthermore, clinicians tend to see mild to moderate anemia as an inevitable accompaniment of IBD that is sufficiently explained by the underlying disease and does not require further workup. But in contrast to these clinical routines, current guidelines recommend that any degree of anemia in patients with IBD should be further evaluated and treated...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757444/physical-activity-sedentary-time-and-associated-factors-in-recipients-of-solid-organ-transplantation
#14
Edwin J van Adrichem, Rienk Dekker, Wim P Krijnen, Erik A M Verschuuren, Pieter U Dijkstra, Cees P van der Schans
Background: Short-term survival after solid-organ transplantation has substantially improved, and the focus has shifted to long-term survival, including the role of physical activity (PA). Knowledge about PA and sedentary time in recipients of solid-organ transplantation is limited, and identification of the levels and associated factors is necessary for intervention development. Objective: The objectives of this study were to investigate the level of PA and sedentary time in recipients of solid-organ transplantation and to identify factors associated with these behaviors...
May 10, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757053/applying-a-low-fodmap-dietary-intervention-to-a-female-ultra-endurance-runner-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-during-a-multi-stage-ultra-marathon
#15
Stephanie K Gaskell, Ricardo J S Costa
Malabsorption of Fermentable Oligo- Di- and Mono-saccharides and Polyols (FODMAPs) in response to prolonged exercise may increase incidence of upper- and lower-gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS), which are known to impair exercise performance. The case-study aimed to explore the impact of a low-FODMAP diet on exercise-associated GIS in a female ultra-endurance runner diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), competing in a six-day 186.7 km mountainous multi-stage ultra-marathon (MSUM). IBS symptom severity score at diagnosis was 410 and following a low-FODMAP diet (3...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753424/-assessment-of-medical-management-of-heart-failure-at-national-hospital-blaise-compaore
#16
Y Kambiré, L Konaté, I Diallo, G R C Millogo, K J Kologo, J B Tougouma, A K Samadoulougou, P Zabsonré
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of medical management of heart failure at the National Hospital Blaise Compaoré according to the international guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed including consecutive patients admitted for heart failure documented sonographically from October 2012 to March 2015 in the Medicine and Medical Specialties Department of National Hospital Blaise Compaore with a minimum follow-up of six weeks...
May 9, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750058/australian-cardiac-rehabilitation-exercise-parameter-characteristics-and-perceptions-of-high-intensity-interval-training-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Amanda L Hannan, Wayne Hing, Mike Climstein, Jeff S Coombes, James Furness, Rohan Jayasinghe, Joshua Byrnes
Purpose: This study explored current demographics, characteristics, costs, evaluation methods, and outcome measures used in Australian cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs. It also determined the actual usage and perceptions of high-intensity interval training (HIIT). Methods: A cross-sectional observational web-based survey was distributed to 328 Australian CR programs nationally. Results: A total of 261 programs completed the survey (79...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746264/adherence-to-american-cancer-society-guidelines-on-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-female-cancer-survivors-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-yale-fitness-intervention-trial
#18
So-Hyun Park, M Tish Knobf, Jane Kerstetter, Sangchoon Jeon
BACKGROUND: The American Cancer Society (ACS) publishes guidelines on nutrition and physical activity to minimize health risks in cancer patients and survivors. Studies show that high adherence to such guidelines is associated with a decrease in overall cancer incidence and mortality. However, there are sparse data on adherence to the ACS guidelines in cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe adherence to the ACS guidelines in female cancer survivors who participated in an exercise intervention trial for 1 year...
May 9, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746142/pulmonary-vascular-involvement-in-copd-is-there-a-pulmonary-vascular-phenotype
#19
Gabor Kovacs, Alvar Agusti, Joan Albert Barberà, Bartolome Celli, Gerard Criner, Marc Humbert, Don D Sin, Norbert Voelkel, Horst Olschewski
Although often clinically unrecognized, the pulmonary circulation is frequently affected in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the presence of pulmonary vascular disease is associated with poor prognosis and frequent exacerbations. In most cases the presenting pulmonary hypertension (PH) is relatively mild, but in a subset of COPD patients, the presence of certain clinical features supports the existence of a "pulmonary vascular phenotype". Such a phenotype would be characterized by severe pre-capillary PH with strongly elevated pulmonary vascular resistance, moderate airflow limitation, severely decreased diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide, normo- or hypocapnia, circulatory exercise limitation and progressive right heart failure...
May 10, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744527/inherited-primary-arrhythmia-disorders-cardiac-channelopathies-and-sports-activity
#20
REVIEW
S Marrakchi, I Kammoun, E Bennour, L Laroussi, M Ben Miled, S Kachboura
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) in an apparently healthy individual is a tragedy. It is important to identify the cause of death and to prevent SCD in potentially at-risk family members. Inherited primary arrhythmia disorders are associated with exercise-related SCD. Despite the well-known benefits of exercise, exercise restriction has been a historical mainstay of therapy for these conditions. However, since familiarity with inherited arrhythmia conditions has increased and patients are often children and young adults, it is necessary to reassess the treatment guidelines regarding exercise constraints...
May 9, 2018: Herz
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