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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166141/adherence-to-the-wcrf-aicr-for-women-in-breast-cancer-adjuvant-treatment-submitted-to-educational-nutritional-intervention
#1
Sheyla de Liz, Francilene Gracieli Kunradi Vieira, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Alyne Lizane Cardoso, Clarice Perucchi Lopes Pazini, Patricia Faria Di Pietro
Patients undergoing breast cancer treatment are susceptible to changes in eating behavior and nutrition status, thus making nutrition education relevant. Based on the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guide, with recommendations for cancer prevention released in 2007, the present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of educational nutritional intervention for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment while adhering to the 2007 WCRF/AICR guidelines. A nonrandomized clinical trial was conducted with a population composed of female patients, divided in intervention (IG, n = 18) and comparison (CG, n = 68) groups...
November 22, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164049/polyphenols-treatment-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#2
Ludovico Abenavoli, Natasa Milic, Francesco Luzza, Luigi Boccuto, Antonino De Lorenzo
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects 25-30% of the general population worldwide and this high prevalence is linked with lifestyle and dietetic changes, not only in Western countries, but also in the urban areas of developing countries. Several pharmacological approaches were proposed in the treatment of NAFLD, but the reported results are inconclusive. International guidelines recommended the reduction of dietary fat and fructose, in association with some physical activity. In this context, it was reported that the protective effects of traditional Mediterranean diet, related to the high concentration of antioxidant compounds, particularly of polyphenols...
September 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161890/impact-of-physical-activity-on-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-epic-norfolk-prospective-population-study
#3
Sangeeta Lachman, S Matthijs Boekholdt, Robert N Luben, Stephen J Sharp, Soren Brage, Kay-Tee Khaw, Ron Jg Peters, Nicholas J Wareham
Background There is broad consensus that regular physical activity yields major health benefits. However, current guidelines on physical activity are mainly aimed at middle-aged adults. It is unclear whether physical activity also translates into cardiovascular health benefits in older adults. Therefore, we aimed to compare the association between different levels of physical activity and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in elderly to middle-aged individuals. Methods We analysed data from the EPIC Norfolk prospective population study...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157636/youth-sleep-durations-and-school-start-times-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-compass-study
#4
Karen A Patte, Adam G Cole, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: This study explored school start times (SST) in relation to sleep duration and adherence to guidelines among Canadian youth. METHODS: Using Year 4 (2015/2016) data from the Cannabis, Obesity, Mental health, Physical activity, Alcohol use, Smoking, and Sedentary behaviour (COMPASS) study, the sample included 35,821 grade 9-12 students at 78 secondary schools in Ontario and Alberta, Canada. Random intercepts models tested student-reported sleep duration and whether students met sleep recommendations, as a function of SST, controlling for student- (race/ethnicity, grade, sex, travel mode to school) and school-level (school-area urbanicity and median household income) correlates...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155225/a-systematic-review-of-the-long-term-effectiveness-of-work-based-lifestyle-interventions-to-tackle-overweight-and-obesity
#5
REVIEW
Greta Tam, May P S Yeung
Obesity is one of the five leading global risks for mortality, accounting for 5% of deaths worldwide. Workplace health promotion programs have the potential to deliver population-level interventions combining physical activity and exercise. However, there is no recent critical review of trials on long-term effectiveness of multicomponent lifestyle interventions in the workplace targeting obesity. Good quality evidence is needed to develop optimal strategies to tackle adult obesity. 1035 studies were retrieved by literature search in MEDLINE, Embase, PSYCH INFO and Cochrane library from 2005 to September 2016...
November 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151050/physical-activity-in-former-elite-cricketers-and-strategies-for-promoting-physical-activity-after-retirement-from-cricket-a-qualitative-study
#6
Stephanie R Filbay, Felicity L Bishop, Nicholas Peirce, Mary E Jones, Nigel K Arden
OBJECTIVES: The health benefits of professional sport dissipate after retirement unless an active lifestyle is adopted, yet reasons for adopting an active or inactive lifestyle after retirement from sport are poorly understood. Elite cricket is all-encompassing, requiring a high volume of activity and unique physical demands. We aimed to identify influences on physical activity behaviours in active and insufficiently active former elite cricketers and provide practical strategies for promoting physical activity after cricket retirement...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149901/development-and-exploration-of-the-content-validity-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-migraine-the-migraine-physical-function-impact-diary-mpfid
#7
Asha Hareendran, Sally Mannix, Anne Skalicky, Martha Bayliss, Andrew Blumenfeld, Dawn C Buse, Pooja R Desai, Brian G Ortmeier, Sandhya Sapra
BACKGROUND: Adults with migraine experience substantial reductions in quality of life during and in-between migraine attacks. Clinical and regulatory guidelines encourage the inclusion of patient reported outcomes for the evaluation of benefits of interventions for migraine. METHODS: The conceptual framework and items for a new patient-reported outcome (PRO) instrument, the Migraine Physical Function Impact Diary (MPFID), were developed using scientific methods recommended to ensure content validity of PRO instruments...
November 17, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149847/individuals-explanations-for-their-persistent-or-recurrent-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Jenny Setchell, Nathalia Costa, Manuela Ferreira, Joanna Makovey, Mandy Nielsen, Paul W Hodges
BACKGROUND: Most people experience low back pain (LBP), and it is often ongoing or recurrent. Contemporary research knowledge indicates individual's pain beliefs have a strong effect on their pain experience and management. This study's primary aim was to determine the discourses (patterns of thinking) underlying people's beliefs about what causes their LBP to persist. The secondary aim was to investigate what they believed was the source of this thinking. METHODS: We used a primarily qualitative survey design: 130 participants answered questions about what caused their LBP to persist, and where they learned about these causes...
November 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149393/challenges-in-minor-tbi-and-indications-for-head-ct-in-pediatric-tbi-an-update
#9
Navneet Singh, Ash Singhal
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric head trauma is one of the commonest presentations to emergency departments. Over 90% of such head injuries are considered mild, but still present risk acute clinical deterioration and longer term morbidity. Identifying which children are at risk of clinically important brain injuries remains challenging and much of the data on minor head injuries is based on the adult population. CHALLENGES IN PEDIATRICS: Children, however, are different, both anatomically and in terms of mechanism of injury, to adults and, even within the pediatric group, there are differences with age and stage of development...
October 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146651/prevalence-of-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-and-associated-factors-in-australia-a-cross-sectional-study-protocol
#10
Dragana Ceprnja, Lucinda Chipchase, Amitabh Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder. Women with PPGP report difficulty performing everyday functional activities, such as standing and walking. However, the magnitude of the problem remains unknown in Australia. It is important to determine how many women are affected by this condition and the factors associated with PPGP as this will direct healthcare services to being able to better manage women during pregnancy. Thus, this study aims to determine the prevalence of PPGP and associated factors in a Western Sydney population...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145821/exposure-to-a-community-wide-campaign-is-associated-with-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-among-hispanic-adults-on-the-texas-mexico-border
#11
Natalia I Heredia, MinJae Lee, Belinda M Reininger
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence for the use of community-wide campaigns to promote physical activity, few evaluations of community-wide campaigns in Hispanic communities exist. This study assessed the associations of exposure to a community-wide campaign with physical activity and sedentary behavior among Hispanic adults living on the Texas-Mexico border. METHODS: The intervention, Tu Salud ¡Si Cuenta! (Your Health Matters!; TSSC), included a newsletter, community health worker discussion, TV and radio segments, which were conducted from 2005 to 2010...
November 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143266/-measuring-physical-literacy-and-related-constructs-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-findings
#12
REVIEW
Lowri C Edwards, Anna S Bryant, Richard J Keegan, Kevin Morgan, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Anwen M Jones
BACKGROUND: The concept of physical literacy has received increased research and international attention recently. Where intervention programs and empirical research are gaining momentum, their operationalizations differ significantly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to inform practice in the measure/assessment of physical literacy via a systematic review of research that has assessed physical literacy (up to 14 June, 2017). METHODS: Five databases were searched using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Protocols guidelines, with 32 published articles meeting the inclusion criteria...
November 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127930/indoor-air-quality-of-environments-used-for-physical-exercise-and-sports-practice-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Alexandro Andrade, Fábio Hech Dominski
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews have the potential to contribute substantially to environmental health and risk assessment. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate indoor air quality of environments used for physical exercise and sports practice through a systematic review. METHODS: The systematic review followed the PRISMA guidelines and was recorded in the PROSPERO registry (CRD42016036057). The search was performed using the SciELO, Science Direct, Scopus, LILACS, MEDLINE via PubMed, and SPORTDiscus databases, from their inception through April 2017...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127850/-it-s-gym-like-g-y-m-not-j-i-m-exploring-the-role-of-place-in-the-gendering-of-physical-activity
#14
Stephanie E Coen, Mark W Rosenberg, Joyce Davidson
Physical activity is a highly gendered health behaviour, with women less likely than men to meet internationally accepted physical activity guidelines. In this article, we take up recent arguments on the potential of indoor spaces to illuminate processes shaping health, together with social theories of gender, to conceptualize the place of the gym as a window into understanding and intervening in wider gender disparities in physical activity. Using a triangulated strategy of qualitative methods, including semi-structured interviews, drawing, and journaling with men and women in a mid-sized Canadian city, we examine how gender influences exercise practices and mobilities in gym environments...
November 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126918/community-wide-physical-activity-intervention-based-on-the-japanese-physical-activity-guidelines-for-adults-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Yoshinobu Saito, Yuko Oguma, Ayumi Tanaka, Masamitsu Kamada, Shigeru Inoue, Junko Inaji, Yoshitaka Kobori, Takayuki Tajima, Riri Kato, Yayoi Kibayashi, Yumi Narumi, Ayano Takeuchi, Motohiko Miyachi, I-Min Lee, Toru Takebayashi
Very few community intervention studies that promote physical activity (PA) using guidelines and its dissemination and implementation have been conducted. Consequently, we evaluated the effectiveness of a community-wide intervention (CWI) of PA with adults based on the Japanese guidelines for promoting PA. This was a non-randomized controlled trial, with four administrative districts in Fujisawa city assigned to the intervention group and nine to the control group. The CWI, conducted from 2013 to 2015, comprised information dissemination, education, and community support...
November 7, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124050/association-between-healthy-eating-index-2010-and-fetuin-a-levels-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-case-control-study
#16
Farzad Roshanzamir, Maryam Miraghajani, Marjan Mansourian, Reza Ghiasvand, Seyyed Morteza Safavi
The Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) assesses compliance with the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Studies suggest that adherence to the HEI-2010 is related to lower the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Fetuin-A, a novel biomarker for T2D, may play a linking role in the inverse association between HEI-2010 and T2D. Thus, a case-control analysis involving 107 patients with T2D and107 healthy subjects was conducted to determine the association between HEI-2010 and serum fetuin-A levels. The results of simple regression analysis showed that fetuin-A levels were positively associated with full name of body mass index (BMI) (p < 0...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123602/rehabilitation-of-vulnerable-groups-in-emergencies-and-disasters-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri, Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Fatemeh Rezaei, Mohammad Reza Maracy
BACKGROUND: Natural and man-made disasters, especially those occurring in large scales not only result in human mortality, but also cause physical, psychological, and social disabilities. Providing effective rehabilitation services in time can decrease the frequency of such disabilities. The aim of the current study was to perform a systematic review related to rehabilitation of vulnerable groups in emergencies and disasters. METHODS: The systematic review was conducted according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122997/level-of-moderate-intensity-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-reduced-mortality-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-chinese
#18
Ying Liu, Wanqing Wen, Yu-Tang Gao, Hong-Lan Li, Gong Yang, Yong-Bing Xiang, Xiao-Ou Shu, Wei Zheng
BACKGROUND: Few studies have prospectively evaluated the association of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with mortality in Asians, who are more susceptible to insulin resistance than their Caucasian counterparts. METHODS: Data from two large prospective cohort studies conducted in Shanghai were evaluated. After excluding participants who had a history of cancer, coronary heart disease or stroke at baseline, or who died within the first 3 years after study enrolment, 53 839 men and 66 888 women, followed for an average of 9...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122737/the-effect-of-the-move-more-pack-on-the-physical-activity-of-cancer-survivors-protocol-for-a-randomized-waiting-list-control-trial-with-process-evaluation
#19
Justin Webb, Chris Fife-Schaw, Jane Ogden, Jo Foster
BACKGROUND: Physical activity can improve many common side effects of cancer treatment as well as improve physical function and quality of life (QOL). In addition, physical activity can improve survival rate and reduce cancer recurrence. Despite these benefits, only 23% of cancer survivors in England are active to recommended levels. Cancer survivors are interested in lifestyle behavior change. Home-based interventions offer a promising means for changing physical activity behavior. Prediagnosis levels of physical activity and self-efficacy have been reported to be predictors of physical activity behavior change...
November 9, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122150/moving-towards-wellness-physical-activity-practices-perspectives-and-preferences-of-users-of-outpatient-mental-health-service
#20
Carol A Janney, Kathryn Fant Brzoznowski, Caroline R Richardson, Richard R Dopp, Michelle L Segar, Dara Ganoczy, Ann J Mooney, Lauren Emerson, Marcia Valenstein
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the beliefs, barriers and preferences for physical activity (PA) among users of outpatient mental health (MH) services. Outpatient discussions with MH providers were also evaluated. METHOD: Between September-December 2014, patient advisors approached adult and family members in an academic MH clinic's waiting room on high volume patient visit days during peak clinic hours; 83% participated in the survey. Analyses were restricted to MH services users (n=295)...
November 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
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