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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904150/emotional-intelligence-throughout-the-lifecycle-of-australian-radiographers
#1
Sarah Jayne Lewis, Grace Rose Eccles, Stuart James Mackay, John Robinson
PURPOSE: To measure global and domain trait emotional intelligence (EI) throughout the professional lifecycle of Australian radiographers and report the trends. METHODS: A combination retrospective and prospective cross-sectional multiple-cohort study using the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF) was designed to collect global and domain trait EI scores of several populations, including radiography students (n = 95), inexperienced radiographers (0-5 years' experience; n = 94), experienced radiographers (≥ 6 years' experience; n = 451), chief radiographers (n = 107), clinical educators (n = 24), application specialists (n = 24), and radiographers working in education (n = 15)...
September 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903679/distinctive-facial-cues-predict-leadership-rank-and-selection
#2
Daniel E Re, Nicholas Rule
Facial appearance correlates with leadership, both in terms of who is chosen (leader selection) and how they do (leader success). Leadership theories suggest that exceptional individuals acquire positions as leaders. Exceptional traits can differ between domains, however, and so the qualities valued in leaders in one occupation may not match those valued among leaders in another. To test this, we compared the relationship between facial appearance and leadership across two domains: law firms and mafia families...
September 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903675/interactive-effects-of-obvious-and-ambiguous-social-categories-on-perceptions-of-leadership-when-double-minority-status-may-be-beneficial
#3
John Paul Wilson, Jessica D Remedios, Nicholas O Rule
Easily perceived identities (e.g., race) may interact with perceptually ambiguous identities (e.g., sexual orientation) in meaningful but elusive ways. Here, we investigated how intersecting identities impact impressions of leadership. People perceived gay Black men as better leaders than members of either single-minority group (i.e., gay or Black). Yet, different traits supported judgments of the leadership abilities of Black and White targets; for instance, warmth positively predicted leadership judgments for Black men but dominance positively predicted leadership judgments for White men...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898163/incorporating-interpersonal-skills-into-otolaryngology-resident-selection-and-training
#4
Yemeng Lu-Myers, Christopher G Myers
Increasing attention has been paid to the selection of otolaryngology residents, a highly competitive process but one with room for improvement. A recent commentary in this journal recommended that residency programs more thoroughly incorporate theory and evidence from personnel psychology (part of the broader field of organizational science) in the resident selection process. However, the focus of this recommendation was limited to applicants' cognitive abilities and independent work-oriented traits (eg, conscientiousness)...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889975/consistent-individual-differences-drive-collective-behavior-and-group-functioning-of-schooling-fish
#5
Jolle W Jolles, Neeltje J Boogert, Vivek H Sridhar, Iain D Couzin, Andrea Manica
The ubiquity of consistent inter-individual differences in behavior ("animal personalities") [1, 2] suggests that they might play a fundamental role in driving the movements and functioning of animal groups [3, 4], including their collective decision-making, foraging performance, and predator avoidance. Despite increasing evidence that highlights their importance [5-16], we still lack a unified mechanistic framework to explain and to predict how consistent inter-individual differences may drive collective behavior...
September 1, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885684/personality-traits-of-nurses-and-organizational-climate-in-relation-to-the-use-of-coercion-in-psychiatric-wards
#6
Tomasz Pawlowski, Piotr Baranowski
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the personality traits of nurses and the organizational climate in psychiatric wards affecting the frequency of the use of coercion. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study applied a descriptive, longitudinal design based on a 1-year prospective observation. FINDINGS: The best predictor for the initiation of coercion by nursing personnel was a low score on the Creative Personality Factor Scale in Adjective Check List and the low score in the area of Leadership in Kolb's Organizing Climate Questionnaire (KOQC)...
September 8, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882257/safety-climate-and-firefighting-focus-group-results
#7
David M DeJoy, Todd D Smith, Mari-Amanda Dyal
BACKGROUND: Firefighting is a hazardous occupation and there have been numerous calls for fundamental changes in how fire service organizations approach safety and balance safety with other operational priorities. These calls, however, have yielded little systematic research. METHODS: As part of a larger project to develop and test a model of safety climate for the fire service, focus groups were used to identify potentially important dimensions of safety climate pertinent to firefighting...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686132/organizing-for-teamwork-in-healthcare-an-alternative-to-team-training
#8
Christofer Rydenfält, Per Odenrick, Per Anders Larsson
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore how organizational design could support teamwork and to identify organizational design principles that promote successful teamwork. Design/methodology/approach Since traditional team training sessions take resources away from production, the alternative approach pursued here explores the promotion of teamwork by means of organizational design. A wide and pragmatic definition of teamwork is applied: a team is considered to be a group of people that are set to work together on a task, and teamwork is then what they do in relation to their task...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675427/opinion-leadership-types-or-continuous-opinion-leadership-traits
#9
Timo Gnambs
Opinion leadership is typically conceptualised as a continuous personality trait. However, many authors adhere to the view of qualitatively different opinion leadership types and apply arbitrary criteria to split continuous trait scores into two groups (i.e., opinion leaders vs. non-leaders). The present study is the first to empirically evaluate this approach. A sample of N = 3812 adults (67% women) was administered a validated opinion leadership scale. Finite mixture models examined whether the latent trait distribution can be represented by a set of discrete trait levels that reflected distinct opinion leadership types...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628068/exploring-nurse-faculty-incivility-and-resonant-leadership
#10
Katherine R Casale
AIM: The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was to explore the relationship between the frequency of interfaculty incivility among nurses in academia and observed levels of resonant leadership of immediate supervisors. BACKGROUND: Despite mandates to address incivility in health care, nurse faculty report high levels of horizontal incivility among their peers. No known quantitative research has measured the relationship between nurse faculty-to-faculty incivility and resonant leadership traits of leaders...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580239/improving-nutrition-through-biofortification-a-review-of-evidence-from-harvestplus-2003-through-2016
#11
REVIEW
Howarth E Bouis, Amy Saltzman
Biofortification is a feasible and cost-effective means of delivering micronutrients to populations that may have limited access to diverse diets and other micronutrient interventions. Since 2003, HarvestPlus and its partners have demonstrated that this agriculture-based method of addressing micronutrient deficiency through plant breeding works. More than 20 million people in farm households in developing countries are now growing and consuming biofortified crops. This review summarizes key evidence and discusses delivery experiences, as well as farmer and consumer adoption...
March 2017: Global Food Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572993/emergence-of-leadership-in-a-robotic-fish-group-under-diverging-individual-personality-traits
#12
Chen Wang, Xiaojie Chen, Guangming Xie, Ming Cao
Variations of individual's personality traits have been identified before as one of the possible mechanisms for the emergence of leadership in an interactive collective, which may lead to benefits for the group as a whole. Complementing the large number of existing literatures on using simulation models to study leadership, we use biomimetic robotic fish to gain insight into how the fish's behaviours evolve under the influence of the physical hydrodynamics. In particular, we focus in this paper on understanding how robotic fish's personality traits affect the emergence of an effective leading fish in repeated robotic foraging tasks when the robotic fish's strategies, to push or not to push the obstacle in its foraging path, are updated over time following an evolutionary game set-up...
May 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483545/developing-your-360-degree-leadership-potential
#13
Nupur Verma, Tan-Lucien Mohammed, Puneet Bhargava
Radiologists serve in leadership roles throughout their career, making leadership education an integral part of their development. A maxim of leadership style is summarized by 360-Degree Leadership, which highlights the ability of a leader to lead from any position within the organization while relying on core characteristics to build confidence from within their team. The qualities of leadership discussed can be learned and applied by radiologists at any level. These traits can form a foundation for the leader when faced with unfavorable events, which themselves allow the leader an opportunity to build trust...
May 5, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459491/leadership-roles-in-standards-and-policy-development
#14
Michael R Bleich
Leaders are defined by traits, behaviors, roles, and functions, yet little is described about their responsibilities linked to standards and policy development. Presented in this article is a four-point organizational framework (primary, procedural, population-specific, and public) that is useful for establishing patient, institutional, and public policies central to leadership. Leader responsibility for communicating minimum standards is contrasted with setting optimal practice expectations. J Contin Educ Nurs...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299562/gay-and-lesbian-sounding-auditory-cues-elicit-stereotyping-and-discrimination
#15
Fabio Fasoli, Anne Maass, Maria Paola Paladino, Simone Sulpizio
The growing body of literature on the recognition of sexual orientation from voice ("auditory gaydar") is silent on the cognitive and social consequences of having a gay-/lesbian- versus heterosexual-sounding voice. We investigated this issue in four studies (overall N = 276), conducted in Italian language, in which heterosexual listeners were exposed to single-sentence voice samples of gay/lesbian and heterosexual speakers. In all four studies, listeners were found to make gender-typical inferences about traits and preferences of heterosexual speakers, but gender-atypical inferences about those of gay or lesbian speakers...
July 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127708/associations-between-hunter-type-a-b-personality-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-from-adolescence-through-young-adulthood
#16
Benjamin D Pollock, Wei Chen, Emily W Harville, Lydia A Bazzano
PURPOSE: Type A personality, characterized by action-oriented tendencies, has been linked to cardiovascular disease in middle-aged and elderly adults. Alternatively, limited research has tested whether personality type A/B and cardiovascular (CVD) risk are linked prior to adulthood. Therefore, we used the Hunter-Wolf A/B personality score to determine whether personality type A/B is associated with traditional CVD risk factors during adolescence, and more importantly if personality type, or its individual type A components, are associated with cardiovascular risk through young adulthood...
August 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125257/leadership-in-applied-psychology-three-waves-of-theory-and-research
#17
Robert G Lord, David V Day, Stephen J Zaccaro, Bruce J Avolio, Alice H Eagly
Although in the early years of the Journal leadership research was rare and focused primarily on traits differentiating leaders from nonleaders, subsequent to World War II the research area developed in 3 major waves of conceptual, empirical, and methodological advances: (a) behavioral and attitude research; (b) behavioral, social-cognitive, and contingency research; and (c) transformational, social exchange, team, and gender-related research. Our review of this work shows dramatic increases in sophistication from early research focusing on personnel issues associated with World War I to contemporary multilevel models and meta-analyses on teams, shared leadership, leader-member exchange, gender, ethical, abusive, charismatic, and transformational leadership...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101983/working-to-define-professionalism-in-pediatric-anesthesiology-a-qualitative-study-of-domains-of-the-expert-pediatric-anesthesiologist-as-valued-by-interdisciplinary-stakeholders
#18
Justin L Lockman, Alan Jay Schwartz, Peter F Cronholm
BACKGROUND: Unprofessional behavior is a significant problem throughout graduate medical education programs and medical centers. Some authors have suggested that professionalism curricula should be focused toward faculty, not trainees, to interrupt the modeling of unprofessionalism. Developing such curricula requires a needs assessment and is challenging given data indicating that the definition of professionalism varies based on medical specialty. Thus, a specialty-specific definition of professionalism is needed as a first step in any curriculum development...
February 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096752/we-can-be-heroes-mla-s-leadership-journey-s
#19
Mary Joan M J Tooey
OBJECTIVE: Are there key attributes of leaders? Extrovert versus introvert? Charismatic? Detail oriented? Visionary? How do past leaders of the Medical Library Association (MLA) stack up? What leadership skills will MLA's leaders need in a complex information future? Leadership attributes of MLA's past and current presidents were studied to determine the common characteristics shared among these leaders. An examination of the leadership literature identified critical leadership characteristics essential to successful future leaders...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907999/leader-follower-consensus-and-synchronization-in-numerosity-constrained-networks-with-dynamic-leadership
#20
Subhradeep Roy, Nicole Abaid
In this work, we study leader-follower consensus and synchronization protocols over a stochastically switching network. The agents representing the followers can communicate with any other agent, whereas the agents serving as leaders are restricted to interact only with the other leaders. The model incorporates the phenomenon of numerosity, which limits the perceptual capacity of the agents while allowing for shuffling with whom each individual interacts at each time step. We derive closed form expressions for necessary and sufficient conditions for consensus, the rate of convergence to consensus, and conditions for stochastic synchronization in terms of the asymptotic convergence factor...
November 2016: Chaos
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