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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717650/the-shadows-in-healthcare-leadership
#1
Tracey Lynn Nigro
This article outlines personality traits such as psychopathy, narcissism, Machiavellianism, and sadism which, when elevated in health leaders, may have negative effects upon teams, the organizations they work for, and ultimately the public. The implications of such traits for specific core health leadership competency domains are explored as well as potential mitigation approaches to minimize and possibly redirect such personality traits.
May 2018: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642955/successful-implementation-of-lean-as-a-managerial-principle-in-health-care-a-conceptual-analysis-from-systematic-literature-review
#2
Riikka Maijala, Sini Eloranta, Tero Reunanen, Tuija S Ikonen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify and analyze the characteristics of leadership and management associated with a successful Lean thinking adaptation in healthcare. DESIGN: A systematic literature review was undertaken using electronic databases: PubMed, PubMed Systematic Review, ABI/INFORM, Business Source Complete, Emerald, JBI, and Cinahl. Inclusion criteria were: (i) a description of Lean management or leadership in health care, (ii) a reference to Lean thinking, (iii) a peer-reviewed original research article or a literature review, and (iv) a full text article available in English...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576472/metabolic-costs-of-feeding-predictively-alter-the-spatial-distribution-of-individuals-in-fish-schools
#3
Stephanie McLean, Anna Persson, Tommy Norin, Shaun S Killen
Group living is ubiquitous among animals [1, 2], but the exact benefits of group living experienced by individual groupmates is related to their spatial location within the overall group [3-5]. Individual variation in behavioral traits and nutritional state is known to affect interactions between individuals and their social group [6, 7], but physiological mechanisms underpinning collective animal behavior remain largely unexplored [8]. Here, we show that while fish at the front of moving groups are most successful at capturing food items, these individuals then show a systematic, post-feeding movement toward the rear of groups...
March 7, 2018: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555092/development-of-the-leadership-influence-self-assessment-lisa%C3%A2-instrument
#4
Casey R Shillam, Jeffrey M Adams, Debbie Chatman Bryant, Joy P Deupree, Suzanne Miyamoto, Matt Gregas
PURPOSE: This study aims to describe the development and psychometric evaluation of the Leadership Influence Self-Assessment (LISA©) tool. BACKGROUND: LISA© was designed to help nurse leaders assess and enhance their influence capacity by measuring influence traits and practices and identifying areas of strength and weakness. METHODS: Concepts identified in the Adams Influence Model and input from content experts guided the development of 145 items for testing...
March 2018: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527251/mediated-leader-effects-the-impact-of-newspapers-portrayal-of-party-leadership-on-electoral-support
#5
Loes Aaldering, Tom van der Meer, Wouter Van der Brug
Conventional wisdom holds that party leaders matter in democratic elections. As very few voters have direct contact with party leaders, media are voters' primary source of information about these leaders and, thus, the likely origin of leader effects on party support. Our study focuses on these supposed electoral effects of the media coverage of party leaders. We examine the positive and negative effects of specific leadership images in Dutch newspapers on vote intentions. To this end, we combine an extensive automated content analysis of leadership images in the media with a panel data set, the Dutch 1Vandaag Opinion Panel (1VOP), consisting of more than fifty thousand unique respondents and 110 waves of interviews conducted between September 2006 and September 2012...
January 2018: International Journal of Press/politics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527182/improving-emotional-intelligence-through-personality-development-the-effect-of-the-smart-phone-application-based-dharma-life-program-on-emotional-intelligence
#6
Latha Poonamallee, Alex M Harrington, Manisha Nagpal, Alec Musial
Emotional intelligence is established to predict success in leadership effectiveness in various contexts and has been linked to personality factors. This paper introduces Dharma Life Program, a novel approach to improving emotional intelligence by targeting maladaptive personality traits and triggering neuroplasticity through the use of a smart-phone application and mentoring. The program uses neuroplasticity to enable users to create a more adaptive application of their maladaptive traits, thus improving their emotional intelligence...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523050/negative-effects-of-makeup-use-on-perceptions-of-leadership-ability-across-two-ethnicities
#7
Esther A James, Shauny Jenkins, Christopher D Watkins
Cosmetics alter social perceptions, and prior work suggests that cosmetic use may aid female intrasexual competition, making women appear more dominant to other women but more prestigious to other men. It is unclear whether these findings reflect general improvements in perceptions of traits related to women's dominance or if they are specific to mating contexts only. Here, across two ethnicities, we examined effects of cosmetics used for a social night out on perceptions of women's leadership ability, a trait that denotes competence/high status outside of mating contexts...
January 1, 2018: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521917/authentic-leadership-practices-to-promote-integrity
#8
Vickie Hughes
Integrity is a highly desired leadership trait. Authentic leaders reflect on their behavior and seek feedback about how their actions affect others. How can a nurse develop as an authentic leader who consistently demonstrates integrity? The following are discussed: Reflection; Connection to Christ and others; Social and Emotional Intelligence providing perceptive competency and social awareness; Aesthetic Qualities whereby leaders apply experiential knowing in leadership situations; and effective expression of Gratitude as a meaningful act of valuing others...
April 2018: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520247/psychopathy-and-pride-testing-lykken-s-hypothesis-regarding-the-implications-of-fearlessness-for-prosocial-and-antisocial-behavior
#9
Thomas H Costello, Ansley Unterberger, Ashley L Watts, Scott O Lilienfeld
Despite widespread assumptions that psychopathy is associated with serious and repeated law-breaking, individuals with psychopathic personality traits do not invariably become chronic criminal offenders. As a partial explanation for this finding, Lykken (1995) ventured that a fearless temperament underlies both psychopathic traits and heroic behavior, and that heroic individuals' early exposure to effective socializing forces such as warm parenting or healthy self-esteem often fosters a characteristic adaption that tends to beget "successful" behaviors, thereby differentiating heroes from convicts...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377534/the-five-attributes-of-a-supportive-midwifery-practice-climate-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
E Brie Thumm, Linda Flynn
INTRODUCTION: A supportive work climate is associated with decreased burnout and attrition, and increased job satisfaction and employee health. A review of the literature was conducted in order to determine the unique attributes of a supportive practice climate for midwives. METHODS: The midwifery literature was reviewed and synthesized using concept analysis technique guided by literature from related professions. The search was conducted primarily in PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Google Scholar...
January 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338459/an-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-approach-to-transform-heart-failure-care-an-overview
#11
Brenda K Zierler, Erin Abu-Rish Blakeney, Kevin D O'Brien, Ipcp Heart Failure Teams
Interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) approaches to health care are increasingly recognized as necessary to achieve the Triple Aim-improved health of the population, improved patient care experience, and improved affordability of care. This paper introduces and provides an overview of an interprofessional intervention to improve a healthcare team, healthcare system, and patient outcomes for hospitalized patients with heart failure. In this paper, we describe the overall project resulting from a workforce training grant and the proposed series of future papers resulting from the interprofessional intervention...
May 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285000/exploring-the-added-value-of-women-health-care-managers-in-poland
#12
Katarzyna Czabanowska, Alicja Domagała, Stavroula Kalaitzi, Aleksandra Krogulec, Genc Burazeri, Suzanne Babich
Introduction: Female managers in the Polish health care system are seldom a subject of scientific investigation. Material and Methods: This study describes the share and profile of women in health care management positions and explores how and why Polish female health care managers add value to the leadership of health care organizations. Three data collection methods were used including: scoping review, analysis of data from governmental information bases and in-depth interviews with female health care managers...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120196/psychopathy-and-heroism-in-first-responders-traits-cut-from-the-same-cloth
#13
Christina L Patton, Sarah Francis Smith, Scott O Lilienfeld
Some scholars have posited that certain traits associated with psychopathy-namely, fearlessness, boldness, and willingness to take risks-are associated with greater engagement in heroic and altruistic acts; nevertheless, this conjecture has received little empirical attention. We examined the relations among psychopathic traits, heroism, altruism, workplace deviance, and leadership in first-responder (n = 138) and civilian (n = 104) samples recruited by means of an online platform. Across samples, fearless dominance, boldness, sensation seeking, and several other psychopathy-related variables were positively and significantly associated with everyday heroism and altruism...
November 9, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047319/hedge-fund-managers-with-psychopathic-tendencies-make-for-worse-investors
#14
Leanne Ten Brinke, Aimee Kish, Dacher Keltner
It is widely assumed that psychopathic personality traits promote success in high-powered, competitive contexts such as financial investment. By contrast, empirical studies find that psychopathic leaders can be charming and persuasive, but poor performers who mismanage, bully, and engage in unethical behavior. By coding nonverbal behaviors displayed in semistructured interviews, we identified the psychopathic, Machiavellian, and narcissistic tendencies in 101 hedge fund managers, and examined whether these traits were associated with financial performance over the course of 10 diverse years of economic volatility (2005-2015)...
February 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035168/employee-health-relevant-personality-traits-are-associated-with-the-psychosocial-work-environment-and-leadership
#15
Karin Villaume, Dan Hasson
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about personality in relation to assessments of the psychosocial work environment and leadership. Therefore the objective of this study is to explore possible associations and differences in mean values between employee health-relevant personality traits and assessments of the psychosocial work environment and leadership behaviors. METHODS: 754 survey responses from ten organizations were selected from a large-scale intervention study...
January 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016164/linking-job-relevant-personality-traits-transformational-leadership-and-job-performance-via-perceived-meaningfulness-at-work-a-moderated-mediation-model
#16
Rachel E Frieder, Gang Wang, In-Sue Oh
By integrating the fundamental principles of the theory of purposeful work behavior (TPWB; Barrick, Mount, & Li, 2013) with cognitive-affective personality system (CAPS) theory (Mischel, 1977; Mischel & Shoda, 1995), we examine how and when salespeople's job-relevant personality traits relate to their performance. We argue that individuals with personality traits that fit outdoor sales jobs (i.e., conscientious, extraversion, openness to experience) will perceive their work as more meaningful and as a result achieve heightened performance...
March 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980824/the-durand-adaptive-psychopathic-traits-questionnaire-development-and-validation
#17
Guillaume Durand
Although the term psychopathy is embedded with negativity, evidence points to the existence of another form of psychopathy, which involves adaptive traits such as stress and anxiety immunity, remarkable social skills, noteworthy leadership ability, and an absence of fear. The newly developed Durand Adaptive Psychopathic Traits Questionnaire (DAPTQ) aims to assess adaptive traits known to correlate with the psychopathic personality. Validation of the questionnaire among 765 individuals from the community gave support to a 9-factor solution: Leadership, Logical Thinking, Composure, Creativity, Fearlessness, Money Smart, Focus, Extroversion, and Management...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936188/all-impostors-aren-t-alike-differentiating-the-impostor-phenomenon
#18
Mona Leonhardt, Myriam N Bechtoldt, Sonja Rohrmann
Following up on earlier investigations, the present paper analyzes construct validity of the impostor phenomenon. It examines the question whether the impostor phenomenon is a homogeneous construct or whether different types of persons with impostor self-concept can be distinguished on the basis of related characteristics. The study was conducted with professionals in leadership positions exhibiting a pronounced impostor self-concept (n = 183). Cluster-analytic procedures indicated the existence of two different types: one group which, in line with the literature (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904150/emotional-intelligence-throughout-the-lifecycle-of-australian-radiographers
#19
Sarah Jayne Lewis, Grace Rose Eccles, Stuart James Mackay, John Robinson
PURPOSE: To measure global and domain trait emotional intelligence (EI) throughout the professional lifecycle of Australian radiographers and report the trends. METHODS: A combination retrospective and prospective cross-sectional multiple-cohort study using the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF) was designed to collect global and domain trait EI scores of several populations, including radiography students (n = 95), inexperienced radiographers (0-5 years' experience; n = 94), experienced radiographers (≥ 6 years' experience; n = 451), chief radiographers (n = 107), clinical educators (n = 24), application specialists (n = 24), and radiographers working in education (n = 15)...
September 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903679/distinctive-facial-cues-predict-leadership-rank-and-selection
#20
Daniel E Re, Nicholas Rule
Facial appearance correlates with leadership, both in terms of who is chosen (leader selection) and how they do (leader success). Leadership theories suggest that exceptional individuals acquire positions as leaders. Exceptional traits can differ between domains, however, and so the qualities valued in leaders in one occupation may not match those valued among leaders in another. To test this, we compared the relationship between facial appearance and leadership across two domains: law firms and mafia families...
September 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
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