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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606837/where-are-the-women-the-underrepresentation-of-women-physicians-among-recognition-award-recipients-from-medical-specialty-societies
#1
Julie K Silver, Chloe S Slocum, Anna M Bank, Saurabha Bhatnagar, Cheri A Blauwet, Julie A Poorman, Amparo Villablanca, Sareh Parangi
Membership in medical societies is associated with a number of benefits to members that may include professional education, opportunities to present research, scientific and/or leadership training, networking and others. In this perspective article, the authors address the value that medical specialty society membership and inclusion have in the development of an academic physician's career and how underrepresentation of women may pose barriers to their career advancement. Because society membership itself is not likely sufficient to support the advancement of academic physicians, this report focuses on one key component of advancement that can also be used as a measure of inclusion in society activities-the representation of women physicians among recipients of recognition awards...
June 9, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603550/health-system-governance-to-support-scale-up-of-mental-health-care-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#2
Charlotte Hanlon, Tigist Eshetu, Daniel Alemayehu, Abebaw Fekadu, Maya Semrau, Graham Thornicroft, Fred Kigozi, Debra Leigh Marais, Inge Petersen, Atalay Alem
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is embarking upon a ground-breaking plan to address the high levels of unmet need for mental health care by scaling up mental health care integrated within primary care. Health system governance is expected to impact critically upon the success or otherwise of this important initiative. The objective of the study was to explore the barriers, facilitators and potential strategies to promote good health system governance in relation to scale-up of mental health care in Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603549/current-situations-and-future-directions-for-mental-health-system-governance-in-nepal-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#3
Nawaraj Upadhaya, Mark J D Jordans, Ruja Pokhrel, Dristy Gurung, Ramesh P Adhikari, Inge Petersen, Ivan H Komproe
BACKGROUND: Assessing and understanding health systems governance is crucial to ensure accountability and transparency, and to improve the performance of mental health systems. There is a lack of systematic procedures to assess governance in mental health systems at a country level. The aim of this study was to appraise mental health systems governance in Nepal, with the view to making recommendations for improvements. METHODS: In-depth individual interviews were conducted with national-level policymakers (n = 17) and district-level planners (n = 11)...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419346/our-shared-vulnerability-to-dangerous-pathogens
#4
Lawrence O Gostin
The international community vastly underestimates the risk and scale of our shared vulnerability to fast moving pathogens. Ranging from SARS and novel influenzas to Ebola and Zika, the world seems to be caught off guard, despite the regularity of global health threats historically. More importantly, when governments and international institutions underestimate the threat, they also underinvest in preparedness. Failure to prepare has deep costs in human lives and economic productivity. Here, I offer a pathway to preparedness for, and rapid response to, infectious disease threats: robust and resilient national health systems; strong institutions capable of leading, particularly the World Health Organization; and investments in research and development...
April 17, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333835/zero-preventable-deaths-after-traumatic-injury-an-achievable-goal
#5
Philip Charles Spinella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333596/to-create-a-consensus-on-malnutrition-diagnostic-criteria
#6
Tommy Cederholm, Gordon L Jensen
During the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) Congress in Copenhagen, Denmark (September 2016), representatives of the 4 largest global parenteral and enteral nutrition (PEN) societies from Europe (ESPEN), the United States (American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition [ASPEN]), Asia (Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Asia [PENSA]), and Latin America (Latin American Federation of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition [FELANPE]) and from national PEN societies around the world met to continue the conversation on how to diagnose malnutrition that started during the Clinical Nutrition Week, Austin, Texas (February 2016)...
March 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319979/patient-experience-a-critical-indicator-of-healthcare-performance
#7
Pamela H Guler
Patient experience has become a critical differentiator for healthcare organizations, and it will only grow in importance as transparency and consumerism dominate the healthcare landscape. Creating and sustaining a consistently exceptional experience that promotes patient engagement and the best outcomes is far more than just "satisfying" patients, going well beyond amenities that may be provided.Perception of care experience is often shaped by methods we use to address the biopsychosocial needs of patients...
April 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290954/improving-surgical-complications-and-patient-safety-at-the-nation-s-largest-military-hospital-an-analysis-of-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-data
#8
Steve Maturo, Charlotte Hughes, George Kallingal, Stephen Silvey, A J Johnson, Douglas Soderdahl, Evan Renz, Joseph Brennan
INTRODUCTION: The U.S. Military Health System cares for over 9 million patients and encompasses 63 hospitals and 413 clinics worldwide. Military medicine balances the simultaneous tasks of caring for those patients wounded in military engagements, treating large numbers of families of service men and women, and training the next generation of health care providers and ancillary staff. Similar to civilian health care delivery in the United States, military medicine has also seen increased scrutiny in the areas of cost and quality...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262553/global-health-ethics-the-case-of-maternal-and-neonatal-survival
#9
REVIEW
Frank W J Anderson, Timothy R B Johnson, Raymond de Vries
Through their Sustainable Development Goals the United Nations recognizes the moral significance of health, stating that the elimination of maternal and early neonatal mortality are health outcomes that should be available to all women in the world. Complete prevention requires addition of a skill set for maternal care teams that is a magnitude greater than what we have today. As universities, individuals, institutions and NGO's engage in initiatives to end preventable maternal and neonatal mortality, an expanded context of ethical imperatives becomes increasingly important...
February 10, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254364/teamwork-among-midwives-during-neonatal-resuscitation-at-a-maternity-hospital-in-nepal
#10
Johan Wrammert, Sabitri Sapkota, Kedar Baral, Ashish Kc, Mats Målqvist, Margareta Larsson
PROBLEM: The ability of health care providers to work together is essential for favourable outcomes in neonatal resuscitation, but perceptions of such teamwork have rarely been studied in low-income settings. BACKGROUND: Neonatal resuscitation is a proven intervention for reducing neonatal mortality globally, but the long-term effects of clinical training for this skill need further attention. Having an understanding of barriers to teamwork among nurse midwives can contribute to the sustainability of improved clinical practice...
February 26, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156196/the-potential-for-political-leadership-in-hiv-aids-communication-campaigns-in-sub-saharan-africa
#11
Abraar Karan, Emily Hartford, Thomas J Coates
BACKGROUND: The HIV/AIDS epidemic has become a point of important political concern for governments especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. Clinical and public health interventions to curb the epidemic can be greatly enhanced with the strategic support of political leaders. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the role of national political leadership in large-scale HIV/AIDS communications campaigns in 14 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We primarily reviewed grey and white literature published from 2005-2014...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152967/enhancing-a-culture-of-patient-safety-in-an-oncologic-hospital-setting
#12
Shannon Bristow
135 Background: Patient safety is a priority for all hospitals and staff members. With approx. 1:10 hospitalized patients experiencing an adverse event(1), healthcare lags behind other industries with regards to safety. Oncology patients have an increased risk of adverse events due to an immunocompromised status, coupled with complex treatments. Cancer Treatment Centers of America at Eastern Regional Medical Center (ERMC) recognized the need to heighten patient safety while maintaining a positive patient experience...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139256/reimagining-who-leadership-and-action-for-a-new-director-general
#13
Lawrence O Gostin, Eric A Friedman
Three candidates to be the next WHO Director-General remain: Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, David Nabarro, and Sania Nishtar. The World Health Assembly's ultimate choice will lead an organisation facing daunting internal and external challenges, from its own funding shortfalls to antimicrobial resistance and immense health inequities. The new Director-General must transform WHO into a 21st century institution guided by the right to health. Topping the incoming Director-General's agenda will be a host of growing threats-risks to global health security, antimicrobial resistance, non-communicable diseases, and climate change-but also the transformative potential of the Sustainable Development Goals, including their universal health coverage target...
January 27, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034565/to-create-a-consensus-on-malnutrition-diagnostic-criteria-a-report-from-the-global-leadership-initiative-on-malnutrition-glim-meeting-at-the-espen-congress-2016
#14
EDITORIAL
Tommy Cederholm, Gordon L Jensen
During the ESPEN Congress in Copenhagen, Denmark (September 2016) representatives of the 4 largest global PEN-societies from Europe (ESPEN), USA (ASPEN), Asia (PENSA) and Latin America (FELANPE), and from national PEN-societies around the world met to continue the conversation on how to diagnose malnutrition that started during the Clinical Nutrition Week, Austin, USA (February 2016). Current thinking on diagnostic approaches was shared; ESPEN suggested a grading approach that could encompass various types of signs, symptoms and etiologies to support diagnosis...
December 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925422/preventing-hospital-acquired-venous-thromboembolism-improving-patient-safety-with-interdisciplinary-teamwork-quality-improvement-analytics-and-data-transparency
#15
REVIEW
Anneliese M Schleyer, Ellen Robinson, Roxana Dumitru, Mark Taylor, Kimberly Hayes, Ronald Pergamit, Daphne M Beingessner, Mark C Zaros, Joseph Cuschieri
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired venous thromboembolism (HA-VTE) is a potentially preventable cause of morbidity and mortality. Despite high rates of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in accordance with an institutional guideline, VTE remains the most common hospital-acquired condition in our institution. OBJECTIVE: To improve the safety of all hospitalized patients, examine current VTE prevention practices, identify opportunities for improvement, and decrease rates of HA-VTE...
December 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884133/recovering-disrupted-social-capital-insights-from-lao-dpr-rural-villagers-perceptions-of-local-leadership
#16
Jinho Kim, Ji-Hye Kim, Vanphanom Sychareun, Minah Kang
BACKGROUND: Social capital is often believed to be one of the key prerequisites for successful implementation of community-based health programs. In less-developed countries, local leaders are positioned as major players in broad community health strategies and interventions, and their capacities and roles are expected to increase in prominence in future community-health-care promotions. In this study, we examined how local leaders' capacities could be related to social capital in rural villages in Lao PDR, and thus to villagers' willingness to participate in community-based health efforts...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882502/institutional-responsibility-and-the-flawed-genomic-biomarkers-at-duke-university-a-missed-opportunity-for-transparency-and-accountability
#17
David L DeMets, Thomas R Fleming, Gail Geller, David F Ransohoff
When there have been substantial failures by institutional leadership in their oversight responsibility to protect research integrity, the public should demand that these be recognized and addressed by the institution itself, or the funding bodies. This commentary discusses a case of research failures in developing genomic predictors for cancer risk assessment and treatment at a leading university. In its review of this case, the Office of Research Integrity, an agency within the US Department of Health and Human Services, focused their report entirely on one individual faculty member and made no comment on the institution's responsibility and its failure to provide adequate oversight and investigation...
November 23, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798226/development-of-a-high-value-care-culture-survey-a-modified-delphi-process-and-psychometric-evaluation
#18
Reshma Gupta, Christopher Moriates, James D Harrison, Victoria Valencia, Michael Ong, Robin Clarke, Neil Steers, Ron D Hays, Clarence H Braddock, Robert Wachter
BACKGROUND: Organisational culture affects physician behaviours. Patient safety culture surveys have previously been used to drive care improvements, but no comparable survey of high-value care culture currently exists. We aimed to develop a High-Value Care Culture Survey (HVCCS) for use by healthcare leaders and training programmes to target future improvements in value-based care. METHODS: We conducted a two-phase national modified Delphi process among 28 physicians and nurse experts with diverse backgrounds...
October 26, 2016: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707151/addressing-current-and-future-challenges-for-the-nhs-the-role-of-good-leadership
#19
Lotte Elton
Purpose This paper aims to describe and analyse some of the ways in which good leadership can enable those working within the National Health Service (NHS) to weather the changes and difficulties likely to arise in the coming years, and takes the format of an essay written by the prize-winner of the Faculty of Medical Leadership and Management's Student Prize. The Faculty of Medical Leadership and Management ran its inaugural Student Prize in 2015-2016, which aimed at medical students with an interest in medical leadership...
October 3, 2016: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707150/the-need-for-leadership-training-in-long-term-care-settings
#20
Jullet A Davis
Purpose Globally, in 1980, approximately 5.8 per cent of the world population was 65 years old and older. By 2050, this number will more than triple to 16 per cent. From a leadership perspective, there is at least one challenge (among many others challenges) to consider. This paper (viewpoint) aims to provide support for the growing need for academically prepared managers. Design/methodology/approach This paper is a viewpoint which presents several characteristics of the long-term care (LTC) field that support the need for academically trained leaders...
October 3, 2016: Leadership in Health Services
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