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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602993/sages-climate-survey-results-and-strategic-planning-for-our-future
#1
Dana A Telem, Alia Qureshi, Michael Edwards, Daniel B Jones
BACKGROUND: While SAGES prides itself on diversity and inclusivity, we also recognize that as an organization we are not impervious to blind spots impacting equity within the membership. To address this, the We R Sages task force was formed to identify the barriers and facilitators to creating a diverse organization and develop a strategic plan for the implementation of programing and opportunities that promote diversity and inclusivity within our membership. As the first step in the process, a survey was administered to gauge the current organizational climate...
March 30, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602871/effective-collaboration-for-scaling-up-health-technologies-a-case-study-of-the-chlorhexidine-for-umbilical-cord-care-experience
#2
Patricia S Coffey, Steve Hodgins, Amie Bishop
The global health field is replete with examples of cross-organizational collaborative partnerships, such as networks, alliances, coalitions, task forces, and working groups, often established to tackle a shared global health concern, condition, or threat affecting low-income countries or communities. The purpose of this article is to review factors influencing the effectiveness of a multi-agency global health collaborative effort using the Chlorhexidine Working Group (CWG) as our case study. The CWG was established to accelerate the introduction and global scale-up of chlorhexidine for umbilical cord care to reduce infection-related neonatal morbidity and mortality in low-income countries...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545759/virtual-human-role-players-for-studying-social-factors-in-organizational-decision-making
#3
Peter Khooshabeh, Gale Lucas
The cyber domain of military operations presents many challenges. A unique element is the social dynamic between cyber operators and their leadership because of the novel subject matter expertise involved in conducting technical cyber tasks, so there will be situations where senior leaders might have much less domain knowledge or no experience at all relative to the warfighters who report to them. Nonetheless, it will be important for junior cyber operators to convey convincing information relevant to a mission in order to persuade or influence a leader to make informed decisions...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471747/voices-of-leadership-wisdom-from-women-leaders-in-neuropsychology
#4
Cheryl H Silver, Andreana Benitez, Kira Armstrong, Chriscelyn M Tussey
OBJECTIVE: Inspired by panel discussions at various neuropsychology conferences, the aim of this paper is to share wisdom that women in neuropsychology acquired from their leadership experiences. METHOD: We identified 46 women leaders in governance and academic research through reviews of organizational websites and journal editorial boards, and requested their response to brief questions via email. Twenty-one leaders provided responses to three questions formulated by the authors...
February 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444802/building-support-for-adolescent-sexuality-and-reproductive-health-education-and-responding-to-resistance-in-conservative-contexts-cases-from-pakistan
#5
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Marina Plesons, Sheena Hadi, Qadeer Baig, Iliana Lang
BACKGROUND: Despite international recommendations and supportive evidence, there are few examples of scaled-up and sustained programs to provide adolescents with sexuality education. Moreover, despite acknowledgment that building community support and responding to resistance are key challenges, there is a lack of detailed discussion on specific programmatic strategies to address these issues. OBJECTIVES: This article reviews the work of 2 organizations-Aahung and Rutgers Pakistan-that are successfully implementing large-scale sexuality education programs in Pakistan, collectively reaching more than 500,000 students...
February 13, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435488/evaluating-nonclinical-performance-of-the-academic-pathologist-a-comprehensive-scalable-and-flexible-system-for-leadership-use
#6
Austin Blackburn Wiles, Michael O Idowu, Charles V Clevenger, Celeste N Powers
Academic pathologists perform clinical duties, as well as valuable nonclinical activities. Nonclinical activities may consist of research, teaching, and administrative management among many other important tasks. While clinical duties have many clear metrics to measure productivity, like the relative value units of Medicare reimbursement, nonclinical performance is often difficult to measure. Despite the difficulty of evaluating nonclinical activities, nonclinical productivity is used to determine promotion, funding, and inform professional evaluations of performance...
January 2018: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433134/-an-effective-clinical-leadrship-to-strenghten-the-immunization-policies-in-italy
#7
Andrea Silenzi, Andrea Poscia, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Paolo Parente, Flavia Kheiraoui, Carlo Favaretti, Roberta Siliquini, Walter Ricciardi
Effective governance for health is a prerequisite for implementing a transformation in healthcare. Any change, in order to be fully implemented, requires a strong and transparent leadership. The recent drop in vaccine cover has led our National Health Service to implement a number of changes in health prevention and immunization strategies that make vaccination an optimal paradigm of how healthcare leadership should not remain the focus of few scientists and public health specialists, but it should be more and more widespread at all levels...
September 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424038/workplace-related-generational-characteristics-of-nurses-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
S Stevanin, A Palese, V Bressan, K Vehviläinen-Julkunen, T Kvist
AIMS: Describe and summarize workplace characteristics of three nursing generations: Baby Boomers, Generations X and Y. BACKGROUND: Generational differences affect occupational well-being, nurses' performance, patient outcomes and safety; therefore, nurse managers, administrators and educators are interested increasingly in making evidence-based decisions about the multigenerational nursing workforce. DESIGN: Mixed-methods systematic review...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415720/facilitators-and-barriers-of-implementing-and-delivering-social-prescribing-services-a-systematic-review
#9
Julia Vera Pescheny, Yannis Pappas, Gurch Randhawa
BACKGROUND: Social Prescribing is a service in primary care that involves the referral of patients with non-clinical needs to local services and activities provided by the third sector (community, voluntary, and social enterprise sector). Social Prescribing aims to promote partnership working between the health and the social sector to address the wider determinants of health. To date, there is a weak evidence base for Social Prescribing services. The objective of the review was to identify factors that facilitate and hinder the implementation and delivery of SP services based in general practice involving a navigator...
February 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412093/authentic-leadership-in-healthcare-a-scoping-review
#10
Niina Malila, Nina Lunkka, Marjo Suhonen
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to review peer-reviewed original research articles on authentic leadership (AL) in health care to identify potential research gaps and present recommendations for future research. The objectives are to examine and map evidence of the main characteristics, research themes and methodologies in the studies. AL is a leader's non-authoritarian, ethical and transparent behaviour pattern. Design/methodology/approach A scoping review with thematic analysis was conducted. A three-step search strategy was used with database and manual searches...
February 5, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382502/-advances-in-early-childhood-development-from-neurons-to-big-scale-programs
#11
REVIEW
Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Antonio Rizzoli-Córdoba, Aranzazú Alonso-Cuevas, Hortensia Reyes-Morales
Early childhood development (ECD) is the basis of countries' economic and social development and their ability to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Gestation and the first three years of life are critical for children to have adequate physical, psychosocial, emotional and cognitive development for the rest of their lives. Nurturing care and protection of children during gestation and early childhood are necessary for the development of trillions of neurons and trillions of synapses necessary for development...
March 2017: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219909/a-thematic-analysis-of-self-described-authentic-leadership-behaviors-among-experienced-nurse-executives
#12
Catherine Alexander, Ruth Palan Lopez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to understand the behaviors experienced nurse executives use to create healthy work environments (HWEs). The constructs of authentic leadership formed the conceptual framework for the study. BACKGROUND: The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses recommends authentic leadership as the preferred style of leadership for creating and sustaining HWEs. Behaviors associated with authentic leadership in nursing are not well understood...
January 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219094/a-collaborative-approach-to-adopting-adapting-guidelines-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-birth-to-5-years-an-integration-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-sleep
#13
Anthony D Okely, Davina Ghersi, Kylie D Hesketh, Rute Santos, Sarah P Loughran, Dylan P Cliff, Trevor Shilton, David Grant, Rachel A Jones, Rebecca M Stanley, Julie Sherring, Trina Hinkley, Stewart G Trost, Clare McHugh, Simon Eckermann, Karen Thorpe, Karen Waters, Timothy S Olds, Tracy Mackey, Rhonda Livingstone, Hayley Christian, Harriette Carr, Adam Verrender, João R Pereira, Zhiguang Zhang, Katherine L Downing, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: In 2017, the Australian Government funded the update of the National Physical Activity Recommendations for Children 0-5 years, with the intention that they be an integration of movement behaviours across the 24-h period. The benefit for Australia was that it could leverage research in Canada in the development of their 24-h guidelines for the early years. Concurrently, the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group published a model to produce guidelines based on adoption, adaption and/or de novo development using the GRADE evidence-to-decision framework...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202164/lessons-learned-by-a-founding-dean-college-of-health-and-human-services-at-western-kentucky-university
#14
John A Bonaguro
This article describes the process in the development and implementation of the College of Health and Human Services at Western Kentucky University. Lessons learned and insights gained as an inaugural dean are presented around four main themes: creating a culture of trust and transparency, leaders of change, strategic planning, and cultivating external resources. The application of change theory, transformational leadership, and systems thinking enabled the college to more than double its enrollment and to address critical workforce needs in health and human services...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187779/shared-authentic-leadership-in-research-teams-testing-a-multiple-mediation-model
#15
Hannes Guenter, William L Gardner, Kelly Davis McCauley, Brandon Randolph-Seng, Veena P Prabhu
Research teams face complex leadership and coordination challenges. We propose shared authentic leadership (SAL) as a timely approach to addressing these challenges. Drawing from authentic and functional leadership theories, we posit a multiple mediation model that suggests three mechanisms whereby SAL influences team effectiveness: shared mental models (SMM), team trust, and team coordination. To test our hypotheses, we collected survey data on leadership and teamwork within 142 research teams that recently published an article in a peer-reviewed management journal...
December 2017: Small Group Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172378/how-are-new-vaccines-prioritized-in-low-income-countries-a-case-study-of-human-papilloma-virus-vaccine-and-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-uganda
#16
Lauren Wallace, Lydia Kapirir
BACKGROUND: To date, research on priority-setting for new vaccines has not adequately explored the influence of the global, national and sub-national levels of decision-making or contextual issues such as political pressure and stakeholder influence and power. Using Kapiriri and Martin's conceptual framework, this paper evaluates priority setting for new vaccines in Uganda at national and sub-national levels, and considers how global priorities can influence country priorities. This study focuses on 2 specific vaccines, the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine and the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV)...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145871/challenges-to-implementing-gavi-s-health-system-strengthening-support-in-chad-and-cameroon-results-from-a-mixed-methods-evaluation
#17
Emily Dansereau, Yodé Miangotar, Ellen Squires, Honoré Mimche, Charbel El Bcheraoui
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, Gavi has provided health system strengthening (HSS) grants to address bottlenecks affecting immunization services. This study is the first to evaluate the Gavi HSS implementation process in either Cameroon or Chad, two countries with significant health system challenges and poor achievement on the child and maternal health Millennium Development Goals. METHODS: We triangulated quantitative and qualitative data including financial records, document review, field visit questionnaires, and key informant interviews (KII) with representatives from the Ministries of Health, Gavi, and other partners...
November 16, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993179/the-international-liaison-committee-on-resuscitation-review-of-the-last-25-years-and-vision-for-the-future
#18
REVIEW
Gavin D Perkins, Robert Neumar, Koenraad G Monsieurs, Swee Han Lim, Maaret Castren, Jerry P Nolan, Vinay Nadkarni, Bill Montgomery, Petter Steen, Richard Cummins, Douglas Chamberlain, Richard Aickin, Allan de Caen, Tzong-Luen Wang, David Stanton, Raffo Escalante, Clifton W Callaway, Jasmeet Soar, Theresa Olasveengen, Ian Maconochie, Myra Wyckoff, Robert Greif, Eunice M Singletary, Robert O'Connor, Taku Iwami, Laurie Morrison, Peter Morley, Eddy Lang, Leo Bossaert
2017 marks the 25th anniversary of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR). ILCOR was formed in 1992 to create a forum for collaboration among principal resuscitation councils worldwide. Since then, ILCOR has established and distinguished itself for its pioneering vision and leadership in resuscitation science. By systematically assessing the evidence for resuscitation standards and guidelines and by identifying national and regional differences, ILCOR reached consensus on international resuscitation guidelines in 2000, and on international science and treatment recommendations in 2005, 2010 and 2015...
December 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989166/a-theoretical-foundation-for-the-ethical-distribution-of-authorship-in-multidisciplinary-publications
#19
Elise Smith
In academia, authorship on publications confers merit as well as responsibility. The respective disciplines adhere to their "typical" authorship practices: individuals may be named in alphabetical order (e.g., in economics, mathematics), ranked in decreasing level of contribution (e.g., biomedical sciences), or the leadership role may be listed last (e.g., laboratory sciences). However, there is no specific, generally accepted guidance regarding authorship distribution in multidisciplinary teams, something that can lead to significant tensions and even conflict...
2017: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930765/encouraging-reflexivity-in-a-residency-leadership-development-program-expanding-outside-the-competency-approach
#20
Justin T Clapp, Emily K B Gordon, Dimitry Y Baranov, Beulah Trey, Felice J Tilin, Lee A Fleisher
PROBLEM: While leadership development is increasingly a goal of academic medicine, it is typically framed as competency acquisition, which can limit its focus to a circumscribed set of social behaviors. This orientation may also reinforce the cultural characteristics of academic medicine that can make effective leadership difficult, rather than training leaders capable of examining and changing this culture. Expanding leadership development so it promotes social reflexivity presents a way to bolster some of the weaknesses of the competency paradigm...
February 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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