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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219909/a-thematic-analysis-of-self-described-authentic-leadership-behaviors-among-experienced-nurse-executives
#1
Catherine Alexander, Ruth Palan Lopez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to understand the behaviors experienced nurse executives use to create healthy work environments (HWEs). The constructs of authentic leadership formed the conceptual framework for the study. BACKGROUND: The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses recommends authentic leadership as the preferred style of leadership for creating and sustaining HWEs. Behaviors associated with authentic leadership in nursing are not well understood...
January 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219094/a-collaborative-approach-to-adopting-adapting-guidelines-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-birth-to-5-years-an-integration-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-sleep
#2
Anthony D Okely, Davina Ghersi, Kylie D Hesketh, Rute Santos, Sarah P Loughran, Dylan P Cliff, Trevor Shilton, David Grant, Rachel A Jones, Rebecca M Stanley, Julie Sherring, Trina Hinkley, Stewart G Trost, Clare McHugh, Simon Eckermann, Karen Thorpe, Karen Waters, Timothy S Olds, Tracy Mackey, Rhonda Livingstone, Hayley Christian, Harriette Carr, Adam Verrender, João R Pereira, Zhiguang Zhang, Katherine L Downing, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: In 2017, the Australian Government funded the update of the National Physical Activity Recommendations for Children 0-5 years, with the intention that they be an integration of movement behaviours across the 24-h period. The benefit for Australia was that it could leverage research in Canada in the development of their 24-h guidelines for the early years. Concurrently, the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group published a model to produce guidelines based on adoption, adaption and/or de novo development using the GRADE evidence-to-decision framework...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202164/lessons-learned-by-a-founding-dean-college-of-health-and-human-services-at-western-kentucky-university
#3
John A Bonaguro
This article describes the process in the development and implementation of the College of Health and Human Services at Western Kentucky University. Lessons learned and insights gained as an inaugural dean are presented around four main themes: creating a culture of trust and transparency, leaders of change, strategic planning, and cultivating external resources. The application of change theory, transformational leadership, and systems thinking enabled the college to more than double its enrollment and to address critical workforce needs in health and human services...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187779/shared-authentic-leadership-in-research-teams-testing-a-multiple-mediation-model
#4
Hannes Guenter, William L Gardner, Kelly Davis McCauley, Brandon Randolph-Seng, Veena P Prabhu
Research teams face complex leadership and coordination challenges. We propose shared authentic leadership (SAL) as a timely approach to addressing these challenges. Drawing from authentic and functional leadership theories, we posit a multiple mediation model that suggests three mechanisms whereby SAL influences team effectiveness: shared mental models (SMM), team trust, and team coordination. To test our hypotheses, we collected survey data on leadership and teamwork within 142 research teams that recently published an article in a peer-reviewed management journal...
December 2017: Small Group Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172378/how-are-new-vaccines-prioritized-in-low-income-countries-a-case-study-of-human-papilloma-virus-vaccine-and-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-uganda
#5
Lauren Wallace, Lydia Kapirir
BACKGROUND: To date, research on priority-setting for new vaccines has not adequately explored the influence of the global, national and sub-national levels of decision-making or contextual issues such as political pressure and stakeholder influence and power. Using Kapiriri and Martin's conceptual framework, this paper evaluates priority setting for new vaccines in Uganda at national and sub-national levels, and considers how global priorities can influence country priorities. This study focuses on 2 specific vaccines, the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine and the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV)...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145871/challenges-to-implementing-gavi-s-health-system-strengthening-support-in-chad-and-cameroon-results-from-a-mixed-methods-evaluation
#6
Emily Dansereau, Yodé Miangotar, Ellen Squires, Honoré Mimche, Charbel El Bcheraoui
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, Gavi has provided health system strengthening (HSS) grants to address bottlenecks affecting immunization services. This study is the first to evaluate the Gavi HSS implementation process in either Cameroon or Chad, two countries with significant health system challenges and poor achievement on the child and maternal health Millennium Development Goals. METHODS: We triangulated quantitative and qualitative data including financial records, document review, field visit questionnaires, and key informant interviews (KII) with representatives from the Ministries of Health, Gavi, and other partners...
November 16, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993179/the-international-liaison-committee-on-resuscitation-review-of-the-last-25-years-and-vision-for-the-future
#7
REVIEW
Gavin D Perkins, Robert Neumar, Koenraad G Monsieurs, Swee Han Lim, Maaret Castren, Jerry P Nolan, Vinay Nadkarni, Bill Montgomery, Petter Steen, Richard Cummins, Douglas Chamberlain, Richard Aickin, Allan de Caen, Tzong-Luen Wang, David Stanton, Raffo Escalante, Clifton W Callaway, Jasmeet Soar, Theresa Olasveengen, Ian Maconochie, Myra Wyckoff, Robert Greif, Eunice M Singletary, Robert O'Connor, Taku Iwami, Laurie Morrison, Peter Morley, Eddy Lang, Leo Bossaert
2017 marks the 25th anniversary of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR). ILCOR was formed in 1992 to create a forum for collaboration among principal resuscitation councils worldwide. Since then, ILCOR has established and distinguished itself for its pioneering vision and leadership in resuscitation science. By systematically assessing the evidence for resuscitation standards and guidelines and by identifying national and regional differences, ILCOR reached consensus on international resuscitation guidelines in 2000, and on international science and treatment recommendations in 2005, 2010 and 2015...
October 6, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989166/a-theoretical-foundation-for-the-ethical-distribution-of-authorship-in-multidisciplinary-publications
#8
Elise Smith
In academia, authorship on publications confers merit as well as responsibility. The respective disciplines adhere to their "typical" authorship practices: individuals may be named in alphabetical order (e.g., in economics, mathematics), ranked in decreasing level of contribution (e.g., biomedical sciences), or the leadership role may be listed last (e.g., laboratory sciences). However, there is no specific, generally accepted guidance regarding authorship distribution in multidisciplinary teams, something that can lead to significant tensions and even conflict...
2017: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930765/encouraging-reflexivity-in-a-residency-leadership-development-program-expanding-outside-the-competency-approach
#9
Justin T Clapp, Emily K B Gordon, Dimitry J Baranov, Beulah Trey, Felice Y Tilin, Lee A Fleisher
PROBLEM: While leadership development is increasingly a goal of academic medicine, it is typically framed as competency acquisition, which can limit its focus to a circumscribed set of social behaviors. This orientation may also reinforce the cultural characteristics of academic medicine that can make effective leadership difficult, rather than training leaders capable of examining and changing this culture. Expanding leadership development so it promotes social reflexivity presents a way to bolster some of the weaknesses of the competency paradigm...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760685/-leadership-and-management-courses-for-clinicians
#10
Daniel Wichelhaus, Peter Fischer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the benefit of Leadership and Management Courses for clinicians, specifically which leadership and management contents are beneficial to their daily clinical work and whether these contents support their individual career. METHOD: E-mail invitations to participate in the study were sent to all 543 medical doctors of the University Hospital Hanover, Germany, who had taken part in one of the leadership and management courses offered between June 2005 and June 2015...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754223/health-care-worker-perspectives-of-their-motivation-to-reduce-health-care-associated-infections
#11
Laura McClung, Chidi Obasi, Mary Jo Knobloch, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Health care-associated infections (HAIs) are largely preventable, but are associated with considerable health care burden. Given the significant cost of HAIs, many health care institutions have implemented bundled interventions to reduce HAIs. These complex behavioral interventions require considerable effort; however, individual behaviors and motivations crucial to successful and sustained implementation have not been adequately assessed. We evaluated health care worker motivations to reduce HAIs...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742853/leadership-and-management-training-as-a-catalyst-to-health-system-strengthening-in-low-income-settings-evidence-from-implementation-of-the-zambia-management-and-leadership-course-for-district-health-managers-in-zambia
#12
Wilbroad Mutale, Anne-Thora Vardoy-Mutale, Arthur Kachemba, Roman Mukendi, Kupela Clarke, Dennis Mulenga
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that the modes of leadership and management may influence health outcomes. However, majority of health leaders and managers in many low-income countries are promoted on account of clinical expertise. It has been recognised that these new managers are often ill-prepared for managing complex health systems. In response to this challenge, the Zambian Ministry of Health (MoH) has developed the Governance and Management Capacity Building (GMCB) Strategic Plan (2012-2016), whose overarching goal is to improve health sector governance and create an environment that is result-oriented, accountable and transparent...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742766/exploration-into-the-business-priorities-related-to-corporate-engagement-in-community-health-improvement-partnerships
#13
Nicolaas P Pronk, Catherine Baase, Jeanette May, Paul Terry, Karen Moseley
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors that matter to business in making decisions regarding engagement in community health improvement efforts. METHODS: Using qualitative methods, domains of interest were identified through literature reviews and expert interviews. Relevance of the domains in terms of potential priorities for action was tested through employer and community stakeholder interviews. RESULTS: Factors that employers considered important to sustained community collaboration as a business priority included (1) credibility of the convener, (2) broad representation of the community, (3) strong mission and goals, (4) individual commitment to health, (5) organizational commitment to health, and (6) demonstrated commitment from leadership...
November 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606837/where-are-the-women-the-underrepresentation-of-women-physicians-among-recognition-award-recipients-from-medical-specialty-societies
#14
Julie K Silver, Chloe S Slocum, Anna M Bank, Saurabha Bhatnagar, Cheri A Blauwet, Julie A Poorman, Amparo Villablanca, Sareh Parangi
Membership in medical societies is associated with a number of benefits to members that may include professional education, opportunities to present research, scientific and/or leadership training, networking, and others. In this perspective article, the authors address the value that medical specialty society membership and inclusion have in the development of an academic physician's career and how underrepresentation of women may pose barriers to their career advancement. Because society membership itself is not likely sufficient to support the advancement of academic physicians, this report focuses on one key component of advancement that also can be used as a measure of inclusion in society activities-the representation of women physicians among recipients of recognition awards...
June 9, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603550/health-system-governance-to-support-scale-up-of-mental-health-care-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#15
Charlotte Hanlon, Tigist Eshetu, Daniel Alemayehu, Abebaw Fekadu, Maya Semrau, Graham Thornicroft, Fred Kigozi, Debra Leigh Marais, Inge Petersen, Atalay Alem
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is embarking upon a ground-breaking plan to address the high levels of unmet need for mental health care by scaling up mental health care integrated within primary care. Health system governance is expected to impact critically upon the success or otherwise of this important initiative. The objective of the study was to explore the barriers, facilitators and potential strategies to promote good health system governance in relation to scale-up of mental health care in Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603549/current-situations-and-future-directions-for-mental-health-system-governance-in-nepal-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#16
Nawaraj Upadhaya, Mark J D Jordans, Ruja Pokhrel, Dristy Gurung, Ramesh P Adhikari, Inge Petersen, Ivan H Komproe
BACKGROUND: Assessing and understanding health systems governance is crucial to ensure accountability and transparency, and to improve the performance of mental health systems. There is a lack of systematic procedures to assess governance in mental health systems at a country level. The aim of this study was to appraise mental health systems governance in Nepal, with the view to making recommendations for improvements. METHODS: In-depth individual interviews were conducted with national-level policymakers (n = 17) and district-level planners (n = 11)...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419346/our-shared-vulnerability-to-dangerous-pathogens
#17
Lawrence O Gostin
The international community vastly underestimates the risk and scale of our shared vulnerability to fast moving pathogens. Ranging from SARS and novel influenzas to Ebola and Zika, the world seems to be caught off guard, despite the regularity of global health threats historically. More importantly, when governments and international institutions underestimate the threat, they also underinvest in preparedness. Failure to prepare has deep costs in human lives and economic productivity. Here, I offer a pathway to preparedness for, and rapid response to, infectious disease threats: robust and resilient national health systems; strong institutions capable of leading, particularly the World Health Organization; and investments in research and development...
May 1, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333835/zero-preventable-deaths-after-traumatic-injury-an-achievable-goal
#18
Philip Charles Spinella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333596/to-create-a-consensus-on-malnutrition-diagnostic-criteria
#19
Tommy Cederholm, Gordon L Jensen
During the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) Congress in Copenhagen, Denmark (September 2016), representatives of the 4 largest global parenteral and enteral nutrition (PEN) societies from Europe (ESPEN), the United States (American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition [ASPEN]), Asia (Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Asia [PENSA]), and Latin America (Latin American Federation of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition [FELANPE]) and from national PEN societies around the world met to continue the conversation on how to diagnose malnutrition that started during the Clinical Nutrition Week, Austin, Texas (February 2016)...
March 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319979/patient-experience-a-critical-indicator-of-healthcare-performance
#20
Pamela H Guler
Patient experience has become a critical differentiator for healthcare organizations, and it will only grow in importance as transparency and consumerism dominate the healthcare landscape. Creating and sustaining a consistently exceptional experience that promotes patient engagement and the best outcomes is far more than just "satisfying" patients, going well beyond amenities that may be provided.Perception of care experience is often shaped by methods we use to address the biopsychosocial needs of patients...
April 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
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