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narcissism and leadership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26773802/an-integrative-analysis-of-the-narcissistic-personality-inventory-and-the-hypomanic-personality-scale-implications-for-construct-validity
#1
Kasey Stanton, Elizabeth Daly, Sara M Stasik-O'Brien, Stephanie Ellickson-Larew, Lee Anna Clark, David Watson
The primary goal of this study was to explicate the construct validity of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) and the Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS) by examining their relations both to each other and to measures of personality and psychopathology in a community sample (N = 255). Structural evidence indicates that the NPI is defined by Leadership/Authority, Grandiose Exhibitionism, and Entitlement/Exploitativeness factors, whereas the HPS is characterized by specific dimensions reflecting Social Vitality, Mood Volatility, and Excitement...
January 15, 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26542339/narcissism-and-self-insight-a-review-and-meta-analysis-of-narcissists-self-enhancement-tendencies
#2
REVIEW
Emily Grijalva, Luyao Zhang
The current article reviews the narcissism-self-enhancement literature using a multilevel meta-analytic technique. Specifically, we focus on self-insight self-enhancement (i.e., whether narcissists perceive themselves more positively than they are perceived by others); thus, we only include studies that compare narcissists' self-reports to observer reports or objective measures. Results from 171 correlations reported in 36 empirical studies (N = 6,423) revealed that the narcissism-self-enhancement relationship corrected for unreliability in narcissism was ...
January 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26456397/antisocial-personality-disorder-and-pathological-narcissism-in-prolonged-conflicts-and-wars-of-the-21st-century
#3
Frederick M Burkle
The end of the Cold War brought with it many protracted internal conflicts and wars that have lasted for decades and whose persistent instability lies at the heart of both chronic nation-state and regional instability. Responsibility for these chronically failed states has been attributed to multiple unresolved root causes. With previous governance and parties to power no longer trusted or acceptable, the vacuum of leadership in many cases has been filled with "bad leadership." This Concept piece argues that in a number of cases opportunistic leaders, suffering from severe antisocial character disorders, have emerged first as saviors and then as despots, or as common criminals claiming to be patriots, sharing a psychological framework that differs little from those responsible for World War II and the Cold War that followed...
February 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26212624/is-there-an-association-between-the-level-of-grandiose-narcissism-severity-of-psychopathology
#4
Ingrid Olssøn, Marit F Svindseth, Alv A Dahl
BACKGROUND: Narcissism is a personality trait associated with both psychological health and resilience as well as with aggression and interpersonal problems. AIM: This study compares levels of total narcissism and subscale scores in inpatients, outpatients and a community sample. METHODS: Inpatients (N = 186) were recruited from consecutively admitted patients to two closed units, and the outpatient group (N = 144) consisted of patients attending a psychiatric outpatient clinic...
2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26179679/burning-with-envy-dispositional-and-situational-influences-on-envy-in-grandiose-and-vulnerable-narcissism
#5
Darren C Neufeld, Edward A Johnson
Research on narcissism and envy suggests a variable relationship that may reflect differences between how vulnerable and grandiose narcissism relate to precursors of envy. Accordingly, we proposed a model in which dispositional envy and relative deprivation differentially mediate envy's association with narcissistic vulnerability, grandiosity, and entitlement. To test the model, 330 young adults completed dispositional measures of narcissism, entitlement, and envy; one week later, participants reported on deprivation and envy feelings toward a peer who outperformed others on an intelligence test for a cash prize (Study 1) or earned higher monetary payouts in a betting game (Study 2)...
October 2016: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26151640/does-high-self-esteem-cause-better-performance-interpersonal-success-happiness-or-healthier-lifestyles
#6
Roy F Baumeister, Jennifer D Campbell, Joachim I Krueger, Kathleen D Vohs
Self-esteem has become a household word. Teachers, parents, therapists, and others have focused efforts on boosting self-esteem, on the assumption that high self-esteem will cause many positive outcomes and benefits-an assumption that is critically evaluated in this review. Appraisal of the effects of self-esteem is complicated by several factors. Because many people with high self-esteem exaggerate their successes and good traits, we emphasize objective measures of outcomes. High self-esteem is also a heterogeneous category, encompassing people who frankly accept their good qualities along with narcissistic, defensive, and conceited individuals...
May 2003: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25961302/narcissism-as-a-moderator-of-satisfaction-with-body-image-in-young-women-with-extreme-underweight-and-obesity
#7
Małgorzata Lipowska, Mariusz Lipowski
OBJECTIVE: Body weight and age constitute main determinants of body image in women. We analyzed the role of narcissism as a moderator of body image in young women representing various extremes of body weight. METHODS: The study included 325 women between 18 and 35 years, qualified into three BMI categories: obese women (BMI > 30.0, n = 72), severely underweight women who did not satisfy the remaining criteria of anorexia (BMI < 17.5, n = 85), and women with normal body weight (21...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25616401/the-effect-of-response-format-on-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-narcissistic-personality-inventory-consequences-for-item-meaning-and-factor-structure
#8
Robert A Ackerman, M Brent Donnellan, Brent W Roberts, R Chris Fraley
The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) is currently the most widely used measure of narcissism in social/personality psychology. It is also relatively unique because it uses a forced-choice response format. We investigate the consequences of changing the NPI's response format for item meaning and factor structure. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: 40 forced-choice items (n = 2,754), 80 single-stimulus dichotomous items (i.e., separate true/false responses for each item; n = 2,275), or 80 single-stimulus rating scale items (i...
April 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25546498/gender-differences-in-narcissism-a-meta-analytic-review
#9
REVIEW
Emily Grijalva, Daniel A Newman, Louis Tay, M Brent Donnellan, P D Harms, Richard W Robins, Taiyi Yan
Despite the widely held belief that men are more narcissistic than women, there has been no systematic review to establish the magnitude, variability across measures and settings, and stability over time of this gender difference. Drawing on the biosocial approach to social role theory, a meta-analysis performed for Study 1 found that men tended to be more narcissistic than women (d = .26; k = 355 studies; N = 470,846). This gender difference remained stable in U.S. college student cohorts over time (from 1990 to 2013) and across different age groups...
March 2015: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25487857/the-leader-ship-is-sinking-a-temporal-investigation-of-narcissistic-leadership
#10
Chin Wei Ong, Ross Roberts, Calum A Arthur, Tim Woodman, Sally Akehurst
Individuals higher in narcissism have leader emergent tendencies. The characteristics of their personality suggest, however, that their leadership qualities will decrease over time as a function of group acquaintance. We present data from two studies that provide the first empirical support for this theoretical position within a transformational leadership framework. In Study 1 (N = 112), we tested narcissistic leadership qualities in groups of unacquainted individuals over a 12-week period. In Study 2 (N = 152), we adopted the same protocol with groups of acquainted individuals...
April 2016: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25243364/how-narcissistic-employees-respond-to-abusive-supervision-two-roles-of-narcissism-in-decreasing-perception-and-increasing-deviance
#11
Rong Wang, Jiang Jiang
Abusive supervision, a type of interpersonal mistreatment from direct supervisors toward subordinates, has received growing attention in leadership research. However, the role of narcissism related to abusive supervision is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations of narcissism with subordinates' perceptions of abusive supervision and deviance toward the supervisor. Ratings on the aforementioned variables were collected from 403 full-time employees at two different times with one week in between (95 men, 308 women; M age = 26...
October 2014: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24104503/the-double-edged-sword-of-grandiose-narcissism-implications-for-successful-and-unsuccessful-leadership-among-u-s-presidents
#12
Ashley L Watts, Scott O Lilienfeld, Sarah Francis Smith, Joshua D Miller, W Keith Campbell, Irwin D Waldman, Steven J Rubenzer, Thomas J Faschingbauer
Recent research and theorizing suggest that narcissism may predict both positive and negative leadership behaviors. We tested this hypothesis with data on the 42 U.S. presidents up to and including George W. Bush, using (a) expert-derived narcissism estimates, (b) independent historical surveys of presidential performance, and (c) largely or entirely objective indicators of presidential performance. Grandiose, but not vulnerable, narcissism was associated with superior overall greatness in an aggregate poll; it was also positively associated with public persuasiveness, crisis management, agenda setting, and allied behaviors, and with several objective indicators of performance, such as winning the popular vote and initiating legislation...
December 2013: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23815119/a-test-of-two-brief-measures-of-grandiose-narcissism-the-narcissistic-personality-inventory-13-and-the-narcissistic-personality-inventory-16
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Brittany Gentile, Joshua D Miller, Brian J Hoffman, Dennis E Reidy, Amos Zeichner, W Keith Campbell
The most widely used measure of trait narcissism is the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI), which can provide both total and subscale scores. However, with a length of 40 items, this measure may not be ideal in settings in which time or participant attention may limit the types of measures that can be administered. In response, Ames, Rose, and Anderson (2006) created the NPI-16, which provides a shorter, unidimensional measure of the construct. In the present research, we examine the reliability and validity of the NPI-16 in conjunction with a new short measure of narcissism, the NPI-13, which provides both a total score and 3 subscale scores (Leadership/Authority; Grandiose Exhibitionism; Entitlement/Exploitativeness)...
December 2013: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23475762/-a-short-version-of-the-narcissistic-personality-inventory-npi-15-dimensionality-and-psychometric-properties-in-a-representative-sample-of-the-german-population
#14
Lena Spangenberg, Matthias Romppel, Bianca Bormann, Dirk Hofmeister, Elmar Brähler, Bernhard Strauß
The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) is a commonly used measure of narcissism. This study administered a 15 item short version of the NPI (NPI-15). Central aims of the present study were to examine its dimensionality, and to provide data on its psychometric properties. NPI-15 and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D) were assessed in a representative sample of the German population (N=2,512). According to Scree-plot and model fit, a solution with 2 or 3 factors seemed feasible. Because of factor loadings and item-level associations to depression/anxiety we decided to favour a 2-factor-solution...
August 2013: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22671250/current-developments-in-the-practice-of-individual-psychoanalytic-psychodrama-in-france
#15
Maurice Corcos, Philippe Jeammet, Alexandre Morel, Catherine Chabert, Aline Cohen De Lara
The authors present the history of individual psychoanalytic psychodrama and its current developments as practised in France. They put forward the technique, objectives and rules, along with the indications, limits and risks that ensue from the specific nature of this therapeutic approach. Through its technical adjustments, individual psychoanalytic psychodrama provides a therapeutic option that is appropriate to the defences prevalent in many patients that cause classical psychotherapies to fail: massive inhibition, operative functioning far removed from affects or in false self mode; phobias, disavowal or splitting of the internal psychic life and emotions; prevalence of short discharge circuits in acted-out behaviours and bodily or visceral complaints and expressions...
June 2012: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21931153/reality-at-odds-with-perceptions-narcissistic-leaders-and-group-performance
#16
Barbora Nevicka, Femke S Ten Velden, Annebel H B De Hoogh, Annelies E M Van Vianen
Although narcissistic individuals are generally perceived as arrogant and overly dominant, they are particularly skilled at radiating an image of a prototypically effective leader. As a result, they tend to emerge as leaders in group settings. Despite people's positive perceptions of narcissists as leaders, it was previously unknown if and how leaders' narcissism is related to the performance of the people they lead. In this study, we used a hidden-profile paradigm to investigate this question and found evidence for discordance between the positive image of narcissists as leaders and the reality of group performance...
October 2011: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21504430/aggressive-reactions-to-abusive-supervision-the-role-of-interactional-justice-and-narcissism
#17
James P Burton, Jenny M Hoobler
In this study, we explore personality and situational conditions in which negative leadership - specifically, abusive supervision - is associated with aggressive behavior in subordinates. That is, we examine the role that interactional justice and narcissism play in an employee's decision to respond aggressively to an abusive supervisor. We demonstrate that interactional justice mediates the relationship between perceptions of abusive supervision and subsequent employee aggression. In addition, we demonstrate that narcissism interacts with interactional justice perceptions to predict workplace aggression...
August 2011: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21451168/the-role-of-athlete-narcissism-in-moderating-the-relationship-between-coaches-transformational-leader-behaviors-and-athlete-motivation
#18
Calum Alexander Arthur, Tim Woodman, Chin Wei Ong, Lew Hardy, Nikos Ntoumanis
Leadership research that examines follower characteristics as a potential moderator of leadership effectiveness is lacking. Within Bass's (1985) transformational leadership framework, we examined follower narcissism as a moderator of the coach behavior-coach effectiveness relationship. Youth athletes (male = 103, female = 106) from the Singapore Sports Academy (mean age = 14.28, SD = 1.40 years) completed the Differentiated Transformational Leadership Inventory (Callow, Smith, Hardy, Arthur, & Hardy, 2009), the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (Raskin & Terry, 1988), and indices of follower effort...
February 2011: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20876550/what-does-the-narcissistic-personality-inventory-really-measure
#19
Robert A Ackerman, Edward A Witt, M Brent Donnellan, Kali H Trzesniewski, Richard W Robins, Deborah A Kashy
The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) is a widely used measure of narcissism. However, debates persist about its exact factor structure with researchers proposing solutions ranging from two to seven factors. The present research aimed to clarify the factor structure of the NPI and further illuminate its nomological network. Four studies provided support for a three-factor model consisting of the dimensions of Leadership/Authority, Grandiose Exhibitionism, and Entitlement/Exploitativeness. The Leadership/Authority dimension was generally linked to adaptive outcomes whereas the other two dimensions, particularly Entitlement/Exploitativeness, were generally linked to maladaptive outcomes...
March 2011: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19916649/the-bright-side-and-the-dark-side-of-ceo-personality-examining-core-self-evaluations-narcissism-transformational-leadership-and-strategic-influence
#20
Christian J Resick, Daniel S Whitman, Steven M Weingarden, Nathan J Hiller
This article reports on an examination of the relationships between chief executive officer (CEO) personality, transformational and transactional leadership, and multiple strategic outcomes in a sample of 75 CEOs of Major League Baseball organizations over a 100-year period. CEO bright-side personality characteristics (core self-evaluations) were positively related to transformational leadership, whereas dark-side personality characteristics (narcissism) of CEOs were negatively related to contingent reward leadership...
November 2009: Journal of Applied Psychology
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