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psychology and leadership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936121/a-mixed-method-study-of-an-education-intervention-to-reduce-use-of-restraint-and-implement-person-centered-dementia-care-in-nursing-homes
#1
Frode F Jacobsen, Tone Elin Mekki, Oddvar Førland, Bjarte Folkestad, Øyvind Kirkevold, Randi Skår, Eva Marie Tveit, Christine Øye
BACKGROUND: People living with dementia in nursing homes are most likely to be restrained. The primary aim of this mixed-method education intervention study was to investigate which factors hindered or facilitated staff awareness related to confidence building initiatives based on person-centred care, as an alternative to restraint in residents with dementia in nursing homes. The education intervention, consisting of a two-day seminar and monthly coaching sessions for six months, targeted nursing staff in 24 nursing homes in Western Norway...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912829/mental-health-leadership-and-patient-access-to-care-a-public-private-initiative-in-south-africa
#2
Christopher Paul Szabo, Jennifer Fine, Pat Mayers, Shan Naidoo, Tuviah Zabow
BACKGROUND: Mental health leadership is a critical component of patient access to care. More specifically, the ability of mental health professionals to articulate the needs of patients, formulate strategies and engage meaningfully at the appropriate level in pursuit of resources. This is not a skill set routinely taught to mental health professionals. METHODS: A public-private mental health leadership initiative, emanating from a patient access to care programme, was developed with the aim of building leadership capacity within the South African public mental health sector...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898163/incorporating-interpersonal-skills-into-otolaryngology-resident-selection-and-training
#3
Yemeng Lu-Myers, Christopher G Myers
Increasing attention has been paid to the selection of otolaryngology residents, a highly competitive process but one with room for improvement. A recent commentary in this journal recommended that residency programs more thoroughly incorporate theory and evidence from personnel psychology (part of the broader field of organizational science) in the resident selection process. However, the focus of this recommendation was limited to applicants' cognitive abilities and independent work-oriented traits (eg, conscientiousness)...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890352/social-cognitive-aspects-of-the-participation-in-workplace-health-promotion-as-revealed-by-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#4
Stefan Röttger, Johanna Maier, Larissa Krex-Brinkmann, Jens T Kowalski, Annika Krick, Jörg Felfe, Michael Stein
Health-promoting efforts strongly depend on individual cognitions such as attitudes as well as social cognitive aspects of the work environment such as leadership and support. Using the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a theoretical frame, participation behavior of employees in courses offered by the workplace health promotion (WHP) program of the German Armed Forces was investigated. Social cognitive aspects of the work environment, such as leadership behaviors by setting an example or optimizing organization of work, were included in the TPB components of subjective norm and perceived behavioral control, which allowed for an investigation of the specific effects of leadership on WHP participation...
September 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882257/safety-climate-and-firefighting-focus-group-results
#5
David M DeJoy, Todd D Smith, Mari-Amanda Dyal
BACKGROUND: Firefighting is a hazardous occupation and there have been numerous calls for fundamental changes in how fire service organizations approach safety and balance safety with other operational priorities. These calls, however, have yielded little systematic research. METHODS: As part of a larger project to develop and test a model of safety climate for the fire service, focus groups were used to identify potentially important dimensions of safety climate pertinent to firefighting...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859002/international-nursing-how-much-power-do-nurse-managers-have
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Marija Trus, Arvydas Martinkenas, Tarja Suominen
This study was conducted to explore issues of nurse managers' power and empowerment. Data were collected from nurse managers by way of a questionnaire consisting of background factors, work-related questions, and power-related questions at the unit and organization levels. The degree of empowerment was evaluated using 2 established instruments (CWEQ-II and Work Empowerment Questionnaire). The overall level of managers' personal power within their own units was relatively high. Nurse managers' perception of their power at an organizational level was found to be at a moderate level...
October 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841677/development-and-evaluation-of-a-training-workshop-for-lay-health-promoters-to-implement-a-community-based-intervention-program-in-a-public-low-rent-housing-estate-the-learning-families-project-in-hong-kong
#7
Agnes Y Lai, Sunita M Stewart, Alice Wan, Helen Fok, Hebe Y W Lai, Tai-Hing Lam, Sophia S Chan
This paper presents the development and evaluation of the train-the-trainer (TTT) workshop for lay resident leaders to be lay health promoters. The TTT workshop aimed to prepare the trainees to implement and/or assist in conducting a series of community-based family well-being activities for the residents in a public low rent housing estate, entitled "Learning Families Project", under the FAMILY project. The four-hour TTT workshop was conducted for 32 trainees (72% women, 43% aged ≥ 60, 41% ≤ elementary school education)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813361/transformational-leadership-in-sport-current-status-and-future-directions
#8
REVIEW
Calum A Arthur, Nicolas Bastardoz, Robert Eklund
Borrowed from organizational psychology, the concept of transformational leadership has now been applied to a sport context for a decade. Our review covers and critically discusses empirical articles published on this growing topic. However, because the majority of studies used cross-sectional designs and single-source questionnaires to tap what has been a fuzzy construct, current theoretical and methodological issues impede understanding of whether transformational leadership matters for sport outcomes. To make a difference to applied practice and policy, the transformational leadership construct requires a refined definition and stronger empirical tests allowing for robust causal inference...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806946/improving-access-to-mental-health-care-in-an-orthodox-jewish-community-a-critical-reflection-upon-the-accommodation-of-otherness
#9
Phil McEvoy, Tracey Williamson, Raphael Kada, Debra Frazer, Chardworth Dhliwayo, Linda Gask
BACKGROUND: The English National Health Service (NHS) has significantly extended the supply of evidence based psychological interventions in primary care for people experiencing common mental health problems. Yet despite the extra resources, the accessibility of services for 'under-served' ethnic and religious minority groups, is considerably short of the levels of access that may be necessary to offset the health inequalities created by their different exposure to services, resulting in negative health outcomes...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765417/prevention-of-falls-in-hospital
#10
Rob Morris, Shelagh O'Riordan
Falls among inpatients are the most frequently reported safety incident in NHS hospitals. 30-50% of falls result in some physical injury and fractures occur in 1-3%. No fall is harmless, with psychological sequelae leading to lost confidence, delays in functional recovery and prolonged hospitalisation. Yet falls are not true accidents and there is evidence that a coordinated multidisciplinary clinical team approach can reduce their incidence. Identification of multiple underlying risk factors coupled with clear interventions to ameliorate the impact of each has been shown to reduce the incidence of inpatient falls by 20-30%...
July 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760685/-leadership-and-management-courses-for-clinicians
#11
Daniel Wichelhaus, Peter Fischer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the benefit of Leadership and Management Courses for clinicians, specifically which leadership and management contents are beneficial to their daily clinical work and whether these contents support their individual career. METHOD: E-mail invitations to participate in the study were sent to all 543 medical doctors of the University Hospital Hanover, Germany, who had taken part in one of the leadership and management courses offered between June 2005 and June 2015...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760615/benevolent-personification-of-the-moh-increases-compliance-with-an-emergency-polio-vaccination
#12
Golan Shahar, Gal Noyman-Veksler, Shai Itamar, David Greenberg, Itamar Grotto
OBJECTIVE: Parental compliance is crucial to the success of mass vaccination campaigns targeting children. Relying on psychological/neuroscientific research concerning the role of personification (i.e., viewing the inanimate as human) in behavior, the authors examined the effect of parents' personification of the Israeli Ministry of Health (MoH) on compliance with a publicly controversial mass vaccination campaign, which was aimed at stopping the spread of a wild poliovirus. METHODS: Participants were 555 parents of children aged 9 or younger, residing in the center/north of Israel, an area covered by Phase 2 of the campaign...
July 28, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754536/the-impact-of-positive-and-negative-intraoperative-surgeons-leadership-behaviors-on-surgical-team-performance
#13
Julian Barling, Amy Akers, Darren Beiko
BACKGROUND: The effects of surgeons' leadership on team performance are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the simultaneous effects of transformational, passive, abusive supervision and over-controlling leadership behaviors by surgeons on surgical team performance. METHODS: Trained observers attended 150 randomly selected operations at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Observers recorded instances of the four leadership behaviors enacted by the surgeon...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746007/learning-and-doing-working-with-fromm-and-applying-what-i-learned
#14
Michael Maccoby
From 1960 to 1970 Erich Fromm was my teacher, analyst, and colleague. For the next ten years, we regularly corresponded about our work and views of public policy. As my analyst, Fromm had strengths and weaknesses. He influenced my research and practice on leadership and on transforming organizations to further both productivity and human development. His concepts can help us understand the current global political and cultural crisis that, while rooted in profound historic social, economic, and technological change, calls for depth psychological insights...
August 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744235/big-hitters-important-factors-characterizing-team-effectiveness-in-professional-cricket
#15
Leonie V Webster, James Hardy, Lew Hardy
While organizational psychology attests to the multidimensional nature of team effectiveness, insight regarding the most important factors contributing to the effectiveness of sports teams, especially elite teams, is lacking. An abductive method of qualitative enquiry was adopted to capture participants' construal of team effectiveness, drawing on the extant literature in both sport and organizational psychology. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 players, coaches, and psychologists involved in elite cricket, with resultant data analyzed inductively initially, before being reanalyzed deductively...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716785/imbuing-medical-professionalism-in-relation-to-safety-a-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-intervention-focused-on-trialling-an-embedded-learning-approach-that-centres-on-the-use-of-a-custom-designed-board-game
#16
Marie Ward, Eilish McAuliffe, Éidín Ní Shé, Ann Duffy, Una Geary, Una Cunningham, Catherine Holland, Nick McDonald, Karen Egan, Christian Korpos
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare organisations have a responsibility for ensuring that the governance of workplace settings creates a culture that supports good professional practice. Encouraging such a culture needs to start from an understanding of the factors that make it difficult for health professionals to raise issues of concern in relation to patient safety. The focus of this study is to determine whether a customised education intervention, developed as part of the study, with interns and senior house officers (SHOs) can imbue a culture of medical professionalism in relation to patient safety and support junior doctors to raise issues of concern, while shaping a culture of responsiveness and learning...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714218/empowerment-and-performance-of-managers-and-subordinates-in-elderly-care-a-longitudinal-and-multilevel-study
#17
Heidi Hagerman, Hans Högberg, Bernice Skytt, Barbro Wadensten, Maria Engström
AIM: To investigate relationships between first-line managers' ratings of structural and psychological empowerment, and the subordinates' ratings of structural empowerment, as well as their ratings of the managers' leadership-management performance. BACKGROUND: Work situations in elderly care are complex. To date, few studies have used a longitudinal, correlational and multilevel design to study the working life of subordinates and managers. METHOD: In five Swedish municipalities, questionnaires were answered twice during 2010-12 by 56 first-line managers and 769 subordinates working in nursing homes or home-help services...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711885/-factors-associated-with-job-satisfaction-of-human-resources-in-healthcare
#18
Тетяна А Вежновець, Валентин Д Парій, Іван І Вишнивецький, Максим В Москаленко
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare employee satisfaction is an important criterion for the efficiency of human resource management and prognostic impact factor for high turnover of staff. Furthermore, job satisfaction positively affects patient satisfaction, which is an important indicator for quality of care. AIM: The goal of our study was to identify factors associated with job satisfaction in healthcare organizations in Ukraine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted sociological and psychological survey of 190 healthcare professionals (81% response rate) in Kherson City Hospital...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692361/learning-from-error-leading-a-culture-of-safety
#19
Russell Gibson, Alexander Armstrong, Alex Till, Judy McKimm
A recent shift towards more collective leadership in the NHS can help to achieve a culture of safety, particularly through encouraging frontline staff to participate and take responsibility for improving safety through learning from error and near misses. Leaders must ensure that they provide psychological safety, organizational fairness and learning systems for staff to feel confident in raising concerns, that they have the autonomy and skills to lead continual improvement, and that they have responsibility for spreading this learning within and across organizations...
July 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667572/the-role-of-practice-research-networks-prn-in-the-development-and-implementation-of-evidence-the-northern-improving-access-to-psychological-therapies-prn-case-study
#20
Mike Lucock, Michael Barkham, Gillian Donohoe, Stephen Kellett, Dean McMillan, Sarah Mullaney, Andrew Sainty, David Saxon, Richard Thwaites, Jaime Delgadillo
Practice research networks (PRNs) can support the implementation of evidence based practice in routine services and generate practice based evidence. This paper describes the structure, processes and learning from a new PRN in the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme in England, in relation to an implementation framework and using one study as a case example. Challenges related to: ethics and governance processes; communications with multiple stakeholders; competing time pressures and linking outcome data...
July 1, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
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