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psychology and leadership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537945/making-sense-of-effective-partnerships-among-senior-leaders-in-the-national-health-service
#1
Mahima Mitra, Timothy Hoff, Paul Brankin, Sue Dopson
BACKGROUND: Changing health care systems depend on strong organizational leadership that realizes the collaborative potential of both physician and nonphysician leaders. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to seek insight into the everyday health care leader experience by examining 24 physician and nonphysician leaders working in the U.K. National Health Service. We explored (a) how they make sense of and act with respect to specific collaborative tensions in their interactions and (b) which aspects of their everyday leadership contexts heighten the probability for producing and resolving such tensions...
May 22, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536550/the-relationship-between-authoritarian-leadership-and-employees-deviant-workplace-behaviors-the-mediating-effects-of-psychological-contract-violation-and-organizational-cynicism
#2
Hongyan Jiang, Yang Chen, Peizhen Sun, Jun Yang
This study investigated the relationship between authoritarian leadership and employees' deviant workplace behaviors (DWB), as well as the mediating effects of psychological contract violation and organizational cynicism. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 391 manufacturing workers in a northern city of China. Structural equation modeling was performed to test the theory-driven models. The results showed that the relationship between authoritarian leadership and employees' DWB was mediated by organizational cynicism...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523452/training-for-leadership-roles-in-academic-medicine-opportunities-for-psychologists-in-the-aamc-lead-program
#3
Donna LaPaglia, Britta Thompson, Janet Hafler, Sheila Chauvin
Psychologists' roles within academic medicine have expanded well beyond research and scholarship. They are active as providers of patient care, medical education, and clinical supervision. Although the number of psychologists in academic health centers continues to grow, they represent a small portion of total medical school faculties. However, with the movement toward collaborative care models, emphasis on interprofessional teams, and increased emphasis on psychological science topics in medical curricula, psychologists are well-positioned to make further contributions...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512362/-copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-copsoq-psychometric-properties-of-selected-scales-in-the-polish-version
#4
Maria Widerszal-Bazyl
BACKGROUND: The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionniare (COPSOQ) has many advantages as compared to other similar instruments, i.a., it is not related to one single theoretical model and it measures a wide spectrum of psychosocial working conditions that have shown proven impact on health. The aim of the article is to summarize information on psychometric properties of 11 scales in the Polish version: Quantitative Demands, Emotional Demands, Influence at Work, Social Support, Possibilities for Development, Meaning of Work, Role Clarity, Quality of Leadership, Job Insecurity, Job Satisfaction, and General Health...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486851/structure-to-utilize-interventionists-implementation-experiences-of-a-family-based-behavioral-weight-management-program-to-enhance-the-dissemination-of-the-standardized-intervention-the-today-study
#5
Jennifer Q Chadwick, Dorothy J Van Buren, Elisa Morales, Alexandra Timpson, Ericka L Abrams, Amy Syme, Jeff Preske, Gerardo Mireles, Barbara Anderson, Nisha Grover, Lori Laffel
Background For a 2- to 6-year period, interventionists for the TODAY (Treatment Options for type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth) randomized clinical trial delivered a family-based, behavioral weight-loss program (the TODAY Lifestyle Program) to 234 youth with type 2 diabetes. Interventionists held at least a bachelor's degree in psychology, social work, education, or health-related field and had experience working with children and families, especially from diverse ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448229/breaking-through-the-glass-ceiling-consumers-in-mental-health-organisations-hierarchies
#6
Brett Scholz, Julia Bocking, Brenda Happell
Contemporary mental health policies call for consumers to be engaged in all levels of mental health service planning, implementation, and delivery. Critical approaches to traditional healthcare hierarchies can effectively challenge barriers to better engagement with consumers in mental health organisations. This qualitative exploratory study analyses how particular strategies for consumer leadership facilitate or hinder relationships between consumers and mental health services, and how these strategies influence hierarchical structures...
May 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403079/toward-a-mediation-model-for-nurses-well-being-and-psychological-distress-effects-of-quality-of-leadership-and-social-support-at-work
#7
Beatrice I J M Van der Heijden, Regina H Mulder, Christoph König, Veronika Anselmann
Given the lack of active nurses in industrialized countries throughout the world, in combination with demographic changes, it is of utmost importance to protect nurses' well-being and to prevent psychological distress, because of their strong association with premature occupational leave. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of quality of leadership and social support at work on well-being and psychological distress of nurses and to determine whether nurses' overcommitment mediates the relationship between the abovementioned determinants and the outcomes...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400457/emergency-nurse-disaster-preparedness-during-mass-gatherings-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-emergency-nurses-perceptions-in-hospitals-in-mecca-saudi-arabia
#8
Fuad Alzahrani, Kyratsis Yiannis
OBJECTIVES: To assess hospital emergency nurses' self-reported knowledge, role awareness and skills in disaster response with respect to the Hajj mass gathering in Mecca. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey with primary data collection and non-probabilistic purposive sample conducted in late 2014. SETTING: All 4 public hospitals in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS: 106 registered nurses in hospital emergency departments...
April 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371956/-mental-health-risks-among-managers
#9
Andreas Zimber, Stephan Hentrich, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg
Objective Research on mental health shows that, compared to employees, managers have a high risk for exhaustion, fatigue, and sleep disturbances. However, the origins and the progress of psychological complaints among managers have not been systematically evaluated to date. Based on a work and health psychological research model, the present study aims to identify health-related risk and protective factors. Methods 15 interviews with managers working on different management levels and economic sectors were conducted...
April 3, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365828/health-integrity-and-doping-in-sports-for-children-and-young-adults-a-resolution-of-the-european-academy-of-paediatrics
#10
Francis P Crawley, Peter Hoyer, Artur Mazur, Liesbeth Siderius, Stefan Grosek, Tom Stiris, David Neubauer
The European Academy of Paediatrics (EAP) is dedicated to promoting healthy lifestyles for children from birth into young adulthood. Physical exercise and leisure are essential to the development of healthy bodies, strong minds, and social skills. All children, without regard to their physical or mental capacities, should be provided with the time, the leadership, the facilities, and the equipment needed to exercise through sports while enjoying playing, even competing, in an environment appropriate to their capacities and aspirations...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303114/mentoring-top-leadership-promotes-organizational-innovativeness-through-psychological-safety-and-is-moderated-by-cognitive-adaptability
#11
James H Moore, Zhongming Wang
Mentoring continues to build momentum among startups and established enterprises due to its positive impact on individuals and organizations. Unlike previous studies, this research focuses on mentoring higher level leadership, such as the CEO, and demonstrates its unique relationship to organizational innovativeness. Our sample included 200 mentored executives and entrepreneurs who personally identify and exploit opportunities. Our findings confirm that mentoring top leaders positively relates to their perceived innovativeness of the organization and that the relationship is mediated by these leaders' perception of psychological safety within the organization...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277727/-the-role-of-facial-appearance-on-ceo-selection-after-firm-misconduct-correction-to-gomulya-et-al-2016
#12
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "The Role of Facial Appearance on CEO Selection After Firm Misconduct" by David Gomulya, Elaine M. Wong, Margaret E. Ormiston and Warren Boeker (Journal of Applied Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Dec 19, 2016, np). The wrong figure files were used. All versions of this article have been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-60831-001.) We investigate a particular aspect of CEO successor trustworthiness that may be critically important after a firm has engaged in financial misconduct...
April 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252468/application-of-a-framework-to-implement-trauma-informed-care-throughout-a-pediatric-health-care-network
#13
Danielle Weiss, Nancy Kassam-Adams, Carol Murray, Kristen L Kohser, Joel A Fein, Flaura K Winston, Meghan L Marsac
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the initial application of a recently published three-step framework for implementing trauma-informed care (TIC) in a pediatric health care network by applying Framework for Spread. METHODS: In steps 1 and 2 of the framework, we established commitment from the health care network leadership and initial interest in TIC among clinical providers (step 1), set evidence-based training goals and created the associated TIC training content (step 2)...
January 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210771/factors-influencing-physical-activity-and-rehabilitation-in-survivors-of-critical-illness-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies
#14
REVIEW
Selina M Parry, Laura D Knight, Bronwen Connolly, Claire Baldwin, Zudin Puthucheary, Peter Morris, Jessica Mortimore, Nicholas Hart, Linda Denehy, Catherine L Granger
PURPOSE: To identify, evaluate and synthesise studies examining the barriers and enablers for survivors of critical illness to participate in physical activity in the ICU and post-ICU settings from the perspective of patients, caregivers and healthcare providers. METHODS: Systematic review of articles using five electronic databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Scopus. Quantitative and qualitative studies that were published in English in a peer-reviewed journal and assessed barriers or enablers for survivors of critical illness to perform physical activity were included...
April 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182461/reflections-on-the-journal-of-applied-psychology-for-1989-to-1994-changes-in-major-research-themes-and-practices-over-25-years
#15
Neal Schmitt
Informal observations concerning journal content indicates that research investigating organizational behavior topics, including work on the structure of groups and determinants and consequences of group process along with the role of leadership in groups, has increased. Some topics have disappeared (e.g., job analysis, human factors, union-related work, consumer behavior) and others are declining (e.g., research methods, psychometrics). Perhaps the biggest change is in the length of articles, which is mostly a function of the inclusion of greater numbers of references and appendix material...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169825/-evaluation-and-intervention-of-psychological-work-climate-among-nursing-staff-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
Stéphanie Maillet, François Courcy, Jeannette Leblanc
This review of literature focuses on the influence of psychological work climate and job satisfaction on nurses’ turnover intentions. More specifically, this review aims to explain the influence of the primary dimensions of psychological work climate - job characteristics, role characteristics, leadership characteristics, teamwork characteristics and organizational characteristics - on nurses’ organizational and occupational turnover intentions. Furthermore, this review aims to explain the role of job satisfaction as a potential mediator in the relationship between psychological work climate dimensions and both organizational and occupational turnover intentions among nurses...
2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167657/from-concept-to-practice-is-multidimensional-care-the-leading-principle-in-hospice-care-an-exploratory-mixed-method-study
#17
Everlien de Graaf, Merel van Klinken, Danielle Zweers, Saskia Teunissen
BACKGROUND: Hospice care (HC) aims to optimise the quality of life of patients and their families by relief and prevention of multidimensional suffering. The aim of this study is to gain insight into multidimensional care (MC) provided to hospice inpatients by a multiprofessional team (MT) and identify facilitators, to ameliorate multidimensional HC. METHODS: This exploratory mixed-method study with a sequential quantitative-qualitative design was conducted from January to December 2015...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150998/transformational-leadership-and-employee-psychological-well-being-a-review-and-directions-for-future-research
#18
Kara A Arnold
This review paper focuses on answering 2 research questions: (a) Does transformational leadership predict employee well-being? (b) If so, how and when does this prediction occur? A systematic computerized search and review of empirical papers published between January 1980 and December 2015 was conducted. Forty papers were found that met the criteria of reporting empirical results, being published in English, and focused on answering the above research questions. Based on these papers it appears that, in general, transformational leadership positively predicts positive measures of well-being, and negatively predicts negative measures of well-being (i...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150910/transformational-leadership-and-innovative-work-behavior-among-nursing-staff
#19
Mariam Masood, Bilal Afsar
The importance of innovation within organizations has been demonstrated on numerous occasions, which has subsequently led to the identification of effective leadership as a potential catalyst. Most of us would acknowledge that effective leadership plays a pivotal role to engender innovativeness among nursing staff. Although research has identified some leadership styles to foster a nurse's innovative work behavior, a comprehensive model explaining the effect of transformational leadership on nurses' innovative work behavior is still unclear...
February 2, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145617/improving-exchange-with-consumers-within-mental-health-organizations-recognizing-mental-ill-health-experience-as-a-sneaky-special-degree
#20
Brett Scholz, Julia Bocking, Brenda Happell
Stigmatizing views towards consumers may be held even by those working within mental health organizations. Contemporary mental health policies require organizations to work collaboratively with consumers in producing and delivering services. Using social exchange theory, which emphasises mutual exchange to maximise benefits in partnership, the current study explores the perspectives of those working within organizations that have some level of consumer leadership. Interviews were conducted with 14 participants from a range of mental health organizations...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
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